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O F T H E 



The WORDS are deduced from their Originals, 
Explained in their Different Meanings, 


Authorized by the NAMES of the WRITERS 
in whofe Works they are found. 

AbftracSled from the Folio Edition, 

By thfe Author 


To which is prefixed, 




Printed for J. Knapton; C. Hitch and L. Hawes ; A. Millar > 

R. and J. Dodsley j and M. and T. Longman*. 

M D C C L V I. 



O F T H E 




LA liquid confonant, which pre- 
ferves always the fome found la 
l| Englifh. 

J At the end of a monofyllable it 
is always doubled J is, JbaU, /iili i except 
after a diphthong ; asy fai/, feel. In a word 
of more fyllables it is written fingle j as, 
channel^ canal. It is fometimes put be- 
fore e, and founded feebly after it j as 
iihle, title. 
LA. inter jecl. See J look} behold. 

LA'BDANUM. /. A refin of the fofter 
kind, of a rtrong and not unpleafant fmcll, 
and an aromatick, but not agreeable tafte. 
This juice exfudates from a low fpreading 
flirub, r,f the ciflus kind, in Crete. Hill. 
To LA'BEFY. 'v. a. [labefacio, Latjn.] To 

weaken j to impair. 
LA'BEL. /. [labellum, Latin.] 

I, A fmall flip or fcrip of writing. 

a. Any thing appendant to a larger writing. 

3. [Inlaw.] A narrow flip of paper or 
parchmeni affixed fo a deed or writing, in 
order to hold the appending fcai. Harris, 

LA'BENT. a, ^labent, Latin.] Sliding 5 
gliding} flipping. ' Di^. 

LA BIEL. a. [labialiSf Latin.] Uttered by 
the lips. Holdtr, 

LABIATE D. a. [labium, Latin.] Formed 
with lips. 

LABIODENTAL, a. [labium and dentalis.] 
Formed ir pronounced by the co-operaiion 
of the lips and teeth. Holder, 

LABO'RANT. /. [/a^oraw, Latin.] Ache- 

mili. Boyle, 

LA'BORATORY. /. [laboratgire, French.] 


LABO'RIOUS. a. [laiorieux, Itenchi Ax. 

honofus, La tin. J 

1. Diligent in work; afTiduous. South, 

2. Requiringiabour J tirelomej not eafy, 

LABO'RIOUSLY. ad. [ from hborilus. J 
With labour ; with toil. Decay of Fiety. 
LABO'RIOUSNESS. /. [horn laborious.^ 

1. Tcillomenefs J difficulty. 

Decay of Piey, 

2. Diligence; afTiduitv. 

LA BOUR. /. [labeur, French ; labor, Lat. j 

1. The adt ut dum^ what require? a pain- 
ful exertion of ftrength ; pains ; toil. 


2. Work to be done. Hooker. 

3. Exercifc; motion with fomc degree of 
violence. Har'vey, 

4. Childb"th ; travail. South, 
To LABOUR, -u. V. [iaboro, Latin J 

1. To toil J to aft with painful effort. 


2. To do work; to take pains. Ecduf, 

3. To move with difficulty. Grawtile. 

4. To be difeafed with. Ben. Jobnfon, 

5. To be in difirefs; to be prefled. fVake, 

6. To be in cl^ld-birth j to be ia travail. 

— - . Dryden, 

ToLA'BOUR. v,a. 

1. To work at J to move with difficulty, 

a. To beat ; to belabour. Dryden, 

LABOURER. /. [labour eur, French.] 

1 . One who is employed in coarfe and toil- 
fome work. Snvift, 

2. One who takes pains in [anv employ- 
"ipnt- Grani'ille, 

LA'BOURSOME. a. [from labour.] Made 

with great labour and diligence, dbakefp, 

LATIRA, /. [Spanift.j A lip. Sbakefpeare, 

, i A LA'BY- 


tA'SYRINTH. /, [htyrinihusy Latin,] A 
waze-y a place formed with inextricable 
windings. Donne, Denbam. 

LAC. /. Lac is of three forts, i . The flick 
lac. 2. The feed U, 3. The fhell he. 


LACE. /. [Ia(et. French.] 

J. A Itriogj a cord. Sf>enfer^ 

«. A fnare ^ a gin. Fairfax. 

3. A platted ftnng, with which* women 
taflen their ciothef. S^i-'ft. 

4. Ornaments of fine thread curioufly 
woven. Bacon, 

5. Textures of thread with gold pr filver. 


6. Sugar, A cant word. Prior, 
To LACE. V. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To faften with a filing run through ellet 
hole?, CcBgreve. 

•x. To adorn with gold or filver textures 
fewed on. Shakejpeare, 

3. Toembellifh with variegations. 


4. To beat. VEjirange. 
Laced Mutton, An old word for a whore. 

LA'CEMAN. /. ilace and i»a».J One who 
deals in lace. Addijon. 

LA'CERABLE, a. \(tom lacerate.'] Such as 
may Le corn. Bar-vey. 

ToLA'CERATE. v.*?, [/<2r£ro, Latin,] To 
tear ; to rend. * Derb'tr?. 

LACERATION. /. [from lacerate.] The 
aft of tearing or rending j the breach made 
byteariTjg. Arhutbnot. 

LACERATIVE. ff. \irortilacerate.] Tear- 
ing 5 having the power to tear. Harvey. 
, LA'CHRYMAL. a. [lacbryma/, French.] 
Generafing tears. Cbeyne. 

LA'CHRVMARY. a. [lachryma, Latin.] 
C<intaining tearr. Addifon. 

LACHR-YM.A'TION /. [from lacbryrra.] 

The s-'.t of weeping, or fhedding tear^. 
LA'CHRYMATORY. /. [ lacb>y<r:atoire, 
FiCHcb.] A veflel in which tears are ga- 
thered to the honour of the dead. 
LACI'NIATED. a. [from lacipia, Latin.] 

Adorned with fringes and borders. 
Tv LACK. V. a. [iaeikitiy to ieOen, Dutch.] 
To want J to need j to be without. 

To LACK., v. n. 

J. To be in want. Commor' Prayer. 

«. To be '-'/anting, Genefis. 

LACK /. [from the verb.] Want ; need j 

f.^ijur". Hooker. 

I^A'CKBIIAIN. /. [lackzn^br^in,] One 

that wants wit. Shaktjpeare. 

LA'CKER. f. A kind of varnifh, which^ 

fpread upon a white fubflance, exhibits a 

gold colour. 

To LA'CKER. v, a. [from the noun.] To 

4p oypr yyithiackefo i^eff. 


LA'CKEY. /. [lacquais, French.] An at- 
tending fervant ; a foot- boy. D>-yden» 
To LA'CKEY. 1;. a. [from the noun.] To 

attend fervilely, Milton, 

To LA'CKEY. v n. To aft as a foot- boy 5 
to pay fervile attendance. Sandys^ 

LA'CKLINEN. a. [lack ^nA linen.] Want- 
ing Oiirts. Shakejpeare, 

LA'GKLUSTRE. a. [lack^nAlufire.] Want- 
ing brightnels. Shak^fpeare, 

LACO'NICK. a. llaconicui, Latin] Short ; 
brief. Pope. 

LA'CONL'^M. /. llaccttifme, French] A 
concife ftile. Collier. 

LA'CONICALLY. ad. [ from lacot,ick. ] 
Briefly ; concifely. Camden* 

LA'CTAKY. a, [luc^.s, Latin,] Milky. 


LA'CTARY. /. [.'a^arium, Lat.] A dairy 

LACTA'TION. /. [laao.Utm.] The ad 
or time of giving fuck. 

LA'CTEAL. a. [from /ac, Latin.] Convey- 
ing chyle. ' Locke. 

LA'CTEAL, /. The vefTd that conveys 
chyle. uitbutbnot, 

LACTE'CUS. a. [kBeu:, Latin.] 

I Milky. Broivn, 

a. Lafteal ; conveying chyle. Bentley, 

LACTE'SCENCE./. [haejco^ Latin.] Ten- 
dency to mitk. Boyle. 

LACT'ESCENT. a. [laBefcem, Lat.] Pro- 
ducing nnilk. Arhutbnot, 

LACTIFEROUS, a. [/^p and /cr<).] What 
conveys or brings milk. -^^Vf 

LAD./. [le(b% Saxon.] 

I . A boy J a ftripling , \n familiar language, 


1, A boy, in paftoral language. Spenfer, 

LA'DDER. /. [hlafepe, Sajfon.] 

1. A frame made with fleps placed between 
two upright pieces. , Gulliver. Prior, 

2. Any thing by which one climbs. 


3. A gradual rife. S-joift . 
LADE. /. The mouth of a river, from the 

S^xon jatse, which fignifies a purging or 
difcharging. Gibfon,. 

To LAPE. 'V. a, prefer, and part, pafiive, 
laded or lad'^n. [hlapsn, Saxon.] 

1. To load j to freight J to burthen. 


2. [ hla'ftjn, to draw, Saxon.] To heave 
out J to throw out. I'emple. 

LADING. /. [from lade.] Weight ; bur- 
then. Swift, 

LA'DLE. /. [hl£c?)le, Saxon.] 

1. A l^rge fpo.)n ; a \t(^t\ with along 
haijdle, ufed in tl^rowing out any liquid. 

1. The receptacles of a mill wheel, intq 
which the water f<<lling tiKns it* 

LA'DY. /. [hlffjrtis, Saxon.j 

^. 4 


A fmall red infe£t va- 
ginopeonous. Gay. 

1, A woman of high rank : the title of 
lady properly belongs to the wives of 
knights, of all degrciS above them, and to 
the daughters of carls, and all ot higher 
ranks. Kln^ Charles. 

2, An iiiuftrious or eminent woman. 


3, A word of ccmplaifance ufcd of wo- 
men. Shaki-fpiare, 

LA'DY-BEDSTRAW. /. [Gallium.] A 

plant. MilUr, 

J.A'DY-COW. } J' 
LA'DY-DAY. / [lady and day.'] The day 

on which the annunciation ot the bleOed 

virgin is celebrated. 
LADY-LIKE. a. [lady zn^ lih.^ Soft; 

delicate j elegant, Dryden. 

LA'DY- MANTLE. /. A plant. MUUr. 
LA DYSHIP, /. [from lady] The title of 

a lady. Ben. Jobafon. 

LA'DY's-SLIPPER./. A flower. MilUr. 
LA'DY's-SMOCK. /. A fljwer. 
LAG. a. [lagg, Swed.Hi, the end.] 

1. Coming beh nd j falling fhort. Carew. 

a. Sluggi/h, flow J tardy. 

i)bahjpeare. Dryd(n. 

3, Laftj long delayed. S^bakejpeare. 

LAG. /. 

1. The loweft clafs ; the rump; the fag 
end. a bake 'pesre, 

2. He that comes laft, or hangs behind. 


I. To loiter; to move llo>vly. Dryden. 

a. To ftay behind ; not to come in. 

LA'GGER. /. [from lag.] A loiterer; an 

LA'ICAL. a. [I 'if ue, French; lat'cus, L^t. 

>,a©-. j Belonging to the laity, or people 

as diftindt from the clergy. Camden. 

I^AID. Preterite participle oihy. iitvifi. 
Lain. Prererite p^mc pie cf lye. Boyle. 
LAIR. /. [lai, French,] The couch of a 

boar, or wild beall. Milieu. 

LAIRD. /. [hlap>pt>, Saxon.] The lord 

of a manor m tne bcoitifli dialect. 

LA'ITY. /. [Xa(^.] 

1. The people as diftinguilhed from the 
clergy. iiivift. 

2. The flate of a layman. -^yliJlfe. 
Lake. /. [lac, J'rench; lacui^ Latin.j 

J. A large diffuGon of inland water. Dry. 
Z. Small plafh of water. 

3. A middle colour, betwixt ultramarine 
and vermilion. Dryden, 

LAMB. /. [lamb, Gothick and Saxon.J 
1. The young of a fheep. Pope, 

a. Typically, the Saviour of the world. 

Commtn Prayer, 


LA'MBKIN./. [Uom lamb.] A little lam%, 


LA'MBATIVE. a. [from lambo, to lick.] 

Taken by licking. Brown. 

LA'MBA TIVE. /. A medicine taken by 

licking with the tongue. TVifeman. 

LAMBS-WOOL. /. [lamb a,id woo/.J Ai« 

mixed with the pulp of roafled apples, 

Seng of the Kttg and tbt Mtlkr^ 
LA'MBENT.'^a. (/jw^^ur, Litin.] Playiog 
about; gliding over withouc harm. 


LAMPOI'DAL. /. [XaV^a and' I.J®-. J 

Having the form of the letter lamda <.r a. 

LAME. a. [laam, lama, Saron.] 
1. Crippled; difabled in the limbs. 

Daniel. Arbutbnot. Pop*, 
a Hobbling ; not fmooth : alluding to the 
feet of a vcrfe. Dryden, 

3. Imperfect ; unfatisfaftory. Bacon, 

To LAME. v.a. [from the adje£tivc.] To 
criijple. Ubikejpeare^ 

LAMELLATED. a. [lamella, \.t\:\n.\ Co- 
vered with films or plates. Derbam» 

LA'MELY. tf. [from/.>w^.] 

1. Like a cripple; without natural force 
or activity. JVifemeiK, 

2. Imperfc<Sl5r. Dryden, 
LAMENESS. /• [from lame.] 

1. The ftate of a cripple ; lofs or inability 
of limbs. Dryden, 

2. Imperfeftion ; weaknefs. Dryden, 
To LA'MENT. v. n. [hmenfor, Latin.j To 

mourn ; to wail ; to grieve ; to expreft 
forrr.w. Sbakejptare. Milton, 

To LA'MENT. v. a. To bewail ; to mourn ; 
to berr oan \ to forrow for. Dryden^ 

LA'MENT./. [/<2»je«r»»j, Latin.] 

1. Sorrow audibly exprcffed i lamentation. 


2. Exprpflion of forrow. Shahfpeare, 
LA'MENTABLE. a. [lamentabtlis, Litin.^ 

1, To be lamented ; caufing forrow. 

a. Mournful; forrowful; exprefling for- 
row. Sidney. 

3. Miferable, in a ludicrous or low fenfe ; 
pitiful. Stiliirgjieetm 

LA'MENTABLY. ad. [from lamentabh.l 

1. With cxpreflions or tokens of forrow. 


2. S> as to caufe forrow. Sbakejpeare, 

3. P tifuUy ; dtfpicably. 
LAMENTA'TION, /. [lamertatio, Latin.] 

Expieflion of forrow ; audible grief. 


LAME'NTER. /. [ivamlammt.] He who 

mourns or laments. Spi£lator, 

LA'MENTINE. /. A fifh called a fea-cow 

or manatee, which is near twenty feet long, 

the head refeniblng that of a cow, and two 

ihort feet, with which it creeps on the 



^jrllflwj and rocks to get food } but has n® 
fins. Bailey. 

tAMINA. f. [Latin.] Thin plate j one 
^at laid nver another, 
t^- A'MINATED. a. [from lamlnJ.] Plated j 
ofed of fuch bodies whofe contexture dif- 
covers fuch a difpofition as ^that of plates 
lying over one another. Shar^, 

To LAMM. v. a. To beat fi undly with a 
cudgel. Dia. 

LA'MMAS. /. Thefirft of Auguft, Bacon. 

Lamp. /. \_lampe, French ; lampas, Latin, j 
1, A light made with oil and a wick. 

«. Any kind of light, in poetical language, 
real or metaphorical. liou'e. 

LA'iVIPASS. /. [lamias, French.] A lump 
of flefh, about the bignefs of a nut_, in the 
roof of a horfe's mouth. Earner'' s DiB. 

LA'MPBLACK. /. [bmp and black.] It is 
made by holding a torch under the bottom 
of a bafon, and as it is furred ftrike it with 
a fp3ther into fomefhell. Peacbam. 

LA'MPING. a. [ Xa/^Trsla'wv. ] Shining ; 
fparkling. ^perfer, 

LAMPO'ON. /. A perforal fatire ; abule ; 
cenfure written not to reform but to vex. 

To LAMPO'ON V. a. [from the noun,] To 

abufe with perfonal fatire. 
UIMPO'ONER./. [from lampeon.] A fcrib- 

bler of perfonal fatire. Tattler. 

LA'MPREY, /. [lamproye, French.] A fifh 

much like the eel. 
lA'MPRCN. /. A kind of fea fifli. 

Notes on the Oilyjfty. 
LANCE. /. [lance, Fiench j lancea, Lnin.] 

A long fiear. ISidney, 

To LANCE. V. a. [from the noun.] 

J. To pierce 5 to cut. Sbakeffeare. 

%, To open cfiirurgicaily j to cut i*i order 

to a cure. Drydett. 

LA'NCELY. a, [from larce.] Suitable to a 

lance. Sidney. 

LANCEPE'SADE. /. [Jance fpe^T^ate, Fr.J 

The officer under the corporal. OeanjeLmd. 
LA'NCET. /. [ lane f tie, French.] A fmall 

pointed chirurgical inftrument. Wijeman. 
To LANCH. v a. [lancer, French. This 

word is too often written launch.] To 

dart f to cad as a lance. Pope. 

LANCIN'A'nON. /. [from lancino, Lat.j 

Tearing ; laceration. 
ToLA'NCINATE. v. a. [lancino,h\\.\n.] 

To tear j to rend. 
LAND. j. [ian>, Gothitk.] 

J. A country j a region j diftinfl frcm other 

countries. i^p-'nler. 

a. Earth ; diftinft from water. SlKAbhot. 

5. Ground; furface of the place. Pope, 

4. An eflate real and immoveable. 


£. Nation i people, Dylen. 



6. Urine. Sbakejpeare, 

To LAND. V. a. [from the noun.] To fcC 
on /hore. Dryden, 

To LAND. -v. rt. To come to fhore. Bac, 

LAND-FORCES./. [/<7;;^and/W^.] War- 
like powers not naval ; foldiers that ferve 
on land. Temple. 

LA'NDED. tf. [from/^»^] Havinga for- 
tune inland, Shoihfpeare. 

LA'NDFALL. /. [land and fall.]^ A fuddej? 
tranflation of properly inland by the death 
of a rich man. 

LA'NDFLOOD. /. [/fl«iand/W.] Inun^ 
dation. Clarendon.^ 

LANDHOLDER. / [land and holder.] One 
whofe fortune is in land. Lockei 

LA'NDJOBBER. /. [la^danijoh.] O^ewho 
buys and fells lands for other men. Sivift^ 

LA'NDGRAVE. /. [land, and gra-ve, a 
count, German.] A Gciman title of do- 

LA NDING. 7 /. [from lattd. ] The 

LA'NDING-PLACE. S top of flairs. 


LA'NDLADY. /. [land and lady.] 

1. A woman who has tenants holding from 

2. The miftrefs of an inn, Sivfft, 
LA'NDLESS. [from land] Without pro- 
perty ; without fortune. Shakefpeare^ 

LA'NDLOCKED. a. [ land and lock. J 
Shut in, or inclofed with land. Addijon. 

LA'NDLOPER./. [land, and loopen, Dutch. J 
A landman ; a term of reproach ufed by 
feamen of thofe who pafs their lives oa 

LANDLORD. /. [/fl"^^ and /or^.] 

I. One who owns land or houfcs, Spenfer^ 
z. The niafter of an inn. A^diion^ 

LA'NDMARK. /. [l^mt and mark.] Any 
thing fet up to preferve boundaries. 


LA'NDSCAPE. /. [lardfrhahe, Dutch.] 

1. A region j the proipt£l of a country. 

Milton. Addijin,, 

2. A pi£>ure, reprefenting an extent of 
Ipace, with the various objects in it. 

Addijon. Pope. 
LAND-TAX./, [lard i^nd tax.] Tax laid 

tipnn land and houfes, Locke, 

LAND- WAITER. / [bnd znd nvaiter.] 

An>lficer ef the cuftoms, who is to watch 

what gdods are landed, SiviJ^t, 

LA'NDWARD. ad. [from land.] Towaids 

tht» ],:nd. Sandys., 

LANE./, [hen, Dutch.] 

1. A narrow way between hedges. 

Milton. Otivay, 

2. A narrow ftreet ; an alley. Spratt, 

3. A paflage between men ftandingon each 
fide. Bacon. 

LA'NERET, /. A little hawk. 
LA'NGUAGE. /. [lan^uttge>f:tnth.'] ■ 
li Human 


1. Human fpeech. Holder . 

a. The tongue of one nation as diftincl 

from others. Shakefpeare. 

3. Stile J manner of exprefllon. Rojcomm. 

LA'NGUAGED a. [from the noun. J Hav- 
ing various languages. Pof)e. 

LA'NGUAGE-iMASTER. /. {larguage and 
majicr.] One whofe profeflion is to teach 
languages. i>pcBatcr. 

LA'NGUET. /. [/argu:tte, French.] Any 
thing cut in the form of a tongue. 

LA'NGUID. a, [hnguidus, Latin. J 

1. Faint; weak; feeble. Btntley. 

2. Dull ; heartlefs. Mdifon, 
LA'NGUIDLY. ad. [from larguid.] Weak- 
ly ; feebly. Boyle, 

LAN'GUIDNESS. /. [from languid] Weak- 

nefsj feeblenef*. 
To LA NGUISH. -v. n. [languir, French j 

iangueo, L-»tin.j 

1. To grow feeble J to pine away ; to lofe 
ilrength. Dryden, 

2. To be no longer vigorous in motion. 


3. To fink or pine under forrow. ShakeJ. 

4. To look with foftnefs or tendernefs. 

LA'NGUISH. /. [from the verb.] Soft ap- 
pearance. Pope, 
LA'NGUISPHNGLY. ad. [from languijh. 

1. Weakly j feebly j with feeble foftnefs. 


2. Dully J tedioufly. Sidney, 
LA'NGUISHMENT. /. [ lavguijj'.ment y 


1. State of pining. Spenfer. 

2. Softnefo of mein. Dryden. 
LA'NGUOR. /. [larguor, Latin.] Languor 

and lallitude fign.fies a faintnefs, which 
may arife fjom want or decay of fpirits. 

S^incy. Dunciad. 

LA'NGUOROUS. a. [languor eux, French.] 
Tedious ; melancholy. Spenfer. 

To LA'NIATE. -i/.a. [/^«/3, Latin.] To 
tear in pieces ; to rend ; to lacerate. 

LA'NIFICE. /. [Lnificium, Latin.] Wool- 
len manufadtuie. ' Baccn, 

LA'NIGEROUS. a, [laniger, Latin.] Bear- 
ing wool. 

LANK. a. [, Dntch.] 

I . Loofe J not filled up j not ftiffened out ; 
not fat. Boy/c. 

1. Faint J languid. Miitcn. 

LA'NKNESS. /. [from hnk.] Want of 

La'NNER. /. [lanier^ French j lar.narius, 
Liun.l A fpecies of hawk. 

L.Vx\S(^'ENET. /. 

1. A common foot foldier, 

2. A game at cards. 

LANTEi^N. /. [/a/7rtfr«f,Frencl).] A tranfw 
oartnC cafe tor a caiidk, Luke^ 


2. A llghthoufe j a I.'ght hung out to guit^e 
^ip'. Addijon, 

LA'NTERN>7yj. A thin vifage. Addi.on. 

LA'NUGINOUS. a. { hnugln-ijui, Latin. J 
Downy ; covered with foft hair. 

LAP. /. [Isppe, Sixon.] 

I. The loofe part of a garment, which 
may be doubled at pleafure. Sivift, 

2 The part of the clothes that is fpread 
horizontally over the kn^ti. Sbakeip^ 

To LAP. t/. a, [from the noun.] 

1. To wrap or twill round any thing, 


2. To involve in any thing. Swift, 
To LAP. -v. n. To be fpread or twifled over 

any thing. Greiv, 

To LAP. "v. n. [lappian, Saxon.] To feed 
by quick reciprocations of the tongue. 


Tn LAP. V. a. To lick up. Chapman, 

LA'PDOG. /. {lap and dog.] A little dog, 
fondled by ladies in the lap. Dryden,. 

LA'PFUL. /. [lap and full,] As much as 
can be contained in the lap. Locke^ 

LA'PICIDE. /. [lapicida, Latin.] A ftone- 
cutter. Diff, 

LA'PIDARY. /. [lapidaire, French.] One 
who deals in ftones or gems. Woodward. 

To LA'PIDATE. v. a. [lapido, Latin.] To 
ftone; to kill by ftoning. 

LAPIDA'TION. /. [lapidatio, Lat. lapida. 
tioNy French.] A ftoning. 

LAPl'DEOUS. a. [lapideus, Latin ] Stony ; 
of the nature of Itone. Bay^ 

LAPIDE'SCENCE./. yapidfco, Lzt.] Stony 
concretion. Brcu-n. 

LAPIDE'SCENT. a. [ l^idefcens, Latin. J 
Growing or turning to ftone, 

LAPIDIFICA'TION. /. [lapidifcation, Fr.] 
The z€t of forming ftones. Bacon» 

LAPIDITICK. a. [lapidfque, Fr.] Form- 
ing Stones. Gr;iv^ 

LA'PIDIST. /. [from bpldii^ Latin.] A 
dealer in ftones cr gems. iJjy. 

L -JPIS. f. [Latin.] A ftone. 

LA'PIS Lazuli, Azure ftone, a copper ore, 
very compa<fl and hard, fo as to take a 
h gh polifti, and is worked into a great 
variety of toys. To it the painters are 
indebted for their beautiful ultra- mnrine 
colour, which is only a calcination c( hpis 
lazuli . 

LA PPER. /. [from lap.] 

1. One who wraps up. Szviff, 

2. One vho laps or lick?. 

LA'PPET. /. [diminutive of lap] The parts 
of a head drcfi that hang loofe. Sii^if. 
LAPSE. /. [/apfu;, Latin.] 

1. F!ow; falJ ; glide. Hale, 

2. Petty errour ; fmall miftake. Bogen, 

3. Tranllationofright from one toanother. 
To LAPSE. 1. «. [from the noun. J 

4 B J. To 

L A R 

2. To glide flowly j to fall by degrees, 


2, To flip by inadvertency or miftake, 

3, To lofe the proper time. Ayliffe. 

4. To fall by the negligence of one pro- 
prietor to another. J^ylijfe, 

5. To fall f;om perfedion, truth or faith. 


LA'PWING. /. [lap and «z«/;^.] A clamo- 
rous bird with long wings. Dryden. 

LA'PWORK. /. [lap and wcr*.] Work in 
which one part is interchangeably wrapped 
over the other. Greiv, 

LA'RBOARD. /. The left-hand fide of a 
/hip, wherf'you ftand with your face to the 
head. Harris. Milton. 

LA'RCENY. /. [larcin, French j latrocinium, 
Latin.] Pcttv theft. Spc&ator. 

LARCH. /. [Larix.l A tree. 

LARD. /, [lardum, Latin.] 

1. The greafe of fwine. Donne, 

2. Bacon J the flelh of fwine. Dryden. 
To LARD. v. a. [larder, French.] 

1. To ftuff with bacon. ^'"g' 
■Z. To fatten. Shakefpeare. 

3. To mix with fomething elfe by way of 
miprovement. Shakefpeare. 

LARDER. /. [lardier, old French,] The 
loom where meat is kept or falted. 


LA'RDERER. /. [from larder. 1 One who has 
the charge of the larder. 

LA'RDON. f. [French.] A bit of bacon. 

LARGE, a. [lurge, French.] 

3. Big ; bulky. Tempk. 

2. Wide J extenCve. Carenv. 

3. Liberal j abundant j plentiful, Thomjon. 

4. Copious } diffufe. Clarendon, 

5. y^/ Large, Without reftraint. 


6. y^fLARGE. Diffufely. Watti. 
LA'RGELY. ad. [from large.'[ 

1. Widely ; extenfively. 

2. Copioully} diffufely. Watti. 

3. Liberally J bounteoufly. Sivift. 

4. Abundantly. Milton. 
LA'RGENESS. /. [from large.'] 

Bignefs j bulk. 


Alarm ; noife noting danger. UotvelU 

LARY'NGOTOMY. /. [-kd^vyl and tejuv&> ? 
lary n got omie,Y Tenth,'] An operation where 
the fore-part of the larynx is divided to 
affift refpiration, during large tumours up- 
on the upper parts j as in a quinfey. 

LA'RYNX. /. [>^a.(vyl.'\ The upper part of 
the trachea, which lies below the root of 
the tongue, before the pharynx, Derham^ 

LASCI'VIENT. a. [lafci-viem, Lat.] Fro- 
lickfome ; wantonirs;. 

LASCI'VIOUS. a. [lafcigjus, Latin.] 

I. Leud j luflful. Shakefpeare, 

a. Wanton; foft^ luxurious. Shakefp, 

LASCl'VIOUSNESS. /. [from lafci-vicus.] 
Wantonnefs j loofenefs. Dryden. 

LASCIVIOUSLY, ad. [from lafcivious.} 
Leudlyj wantonly} loofely. 

LASH. /. [fcblagen, Dutch.] 

1. A flroke with any thing pliant and 
tCMgh, Dryden, 

2. The thong or point of the whip. 

3. A leafh, or firing in which an animal 
is held. Tujfer, 

4. A ftroke of fatyr j a farcafm. 

To LASH. 'V. a, [from the noun.] 

I. To ftrike with any thing pliant; to 
fcourge. Garth, 

z. To move with a fudden fpring or jirk. 

3. To beat j to ftrike with a fharp found. 

4.. To fcourge with fatire. Pope, 

5. To tie any thing down to the fide or 
mafl of a fhip. 
To LASH. -z/. n. To ply the whip. Gay, 
LA'SHER. /. [from hjh.] One that whips 
or lafhes. 


a, Greatnefs } elevation. 
3. Extenfion j amplitude. 


Col ier. 


^. Widenefs, Bentley. 

LA'RGESS. /. [largejp, French.] A pre- 

fent j a gift ; a bounty. Denham. 

.LA'RGITION. /. [largitio, Latin.] The ad: 

of giving. DiB. 

LARK, /. [bp pee, S<*xon.] A fmall fing- 

ing bird. iyh^ikefpeare. Coivley. 

LA'RKER. /. [from lark.] A catcher of 

larks. DiB. 

LA'RKSPUR. /. A plant. A^iller, 

LA'RVATtD. a. [larvatus, L^t'm.] Mafked. 

LA'RUM. /. [from alar urn ^ ox alarm. ^ 

LASS. /. A girl ; a maid j a young wo- 
man. Phillips, 

LA'SSITUDE. /. [lajfi.udo, Latin.] Weari- 
nefs ; fatigue. More, 

LA'SSLORN. /. [hfs and km.] Forfaken 
by his miftrefs, Shakefpeare, 

LAST. /. [Ia2:'l't, Saxon.] 

I. Lateftj that which follows all the reft 
in time. Pope, 

z. Hindmoft j which follows in order of 

3. Beyond which there is no more. 


4. Next before the prefent, as At/? week. 

5. Utmcft. Dryden, 

6. j/^tLAsr. In conclufion 3 at the end. 

J, The Last J the end. Pope, 

LAST, ad, 

1. The laft time ; the time next before the 
prefent. Shakefpeare, 

2, In condufioc, Dryden, 


L A T 

To LAST, V. n, laeptan, Saxon,] To en- 
dure ; to continue. Lccke. 
LAST./. [laepT:, Saxon.] 

1. The mould on which /hoes are formed. 

2. [-Lt/?, German.] A load j a certain 
weight or meafure. 

LA'STERY. /. A red colour. ^perjer. 

LA'STAGE. /. l^fiage, French j hUj-r, 
SaxoB, a load.] 

1. Cuftom paid for freightage. 

2. The ballaft of a /hip. 

La 's T I N G . panicip. a. [from laji. J 

1. Continuing j durable. 

2. Of Jong continuance j perpetual. Boyle. 
LA'STINGLY. ad. [Uom lajiing.] Per- 

LA'STINGNESS. /. [from lafihg.] Dur- 

ablenefs j continuance. Sidney, Newton, 
LA'STLY. ad. [from laJl] 

1. In the Jaft place. Bacsrt, 

2. In the conclufioa ; atla/^, 
LATCH. /. [lecfe, Dutch.] A catch of a 

door moved by a ftring or a handle. Smart. 
To LATCH. V. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To faften with a latch. Locke, 

2. To faften j to clofe. Sbakafeare. 
LA'TCHES. /. Latches or h/kets, in a Ihip, 

are fmaJl lines like loops, fa/lened by fevv- 

ing into, the bonnets and drablers of a /hip, 

in order to lace the bonnets to the cnurfes. 


LA'TCHET. /. [lacef, French.] The /^ring 
that fattens the /hoe. Mark. 

LATE. a. [laet, Saxon.] 

1. Contrary to early J flowj tardy; long 
delayed, Milton. 

a. Laftinany place, office, orcharafter. 


3. The deceafed j as the works of the late 
Mr. Pope. . 

4.. Far in the day or night. 
LATE. ad. 

1. After long delays j after a long time. 


2. In a latter feafon. Bacon. 

3. Lately j not long ago. Spenfer. 

4. Far in the day or night. Dryd-n. 
LA'TED a. [from laU.'\ Belated ; furprifed 

by tnc night. Shahfpeare. 

LA'TELY. ad. [from late'] Not long ago. 

LA'TENESS. /. [from late.] Time far ad- 
vanced. Sivift, 

LA'TENT. a. [latens, Latin,] Hidden ; 
concealed ; fecref. H^'oodward. 

l-A'TERAL. a. [lateral, French.] 

1. Growing out on the fide j belonging to 
the fide. Arbutbnot, 

2. Placed, or afting in a dire£lion perpen- 
dicular to a horizontal line. Milron, 

LATER A'LITY. /. [from lateral,] The 
quality of having difti.nft fides, Broxvn, 

L A T 

LA'TERALLY. /. [(vom lateraU] By the 
fide J fidewife. Holdtr. 

LATE WARD. ad. [/j/<. and peap'o, Sax^n.J 
Somewhat late. 

LATH. /. [latti, S'.xon.J A fmall long 
piece of wood ufed to fupport the tiles of 
houfts. Dryicn. 

To LATH. V. a. [latter, French j from the 

noun.] To fit up with laths. M-.rtimer, 
LATH./, [Jxi, Sax.] A part of a county. 

LATHE. /. The tool of a turner, by which 

he turns about h.s matter fo as to /hape it 

by the chize). Ray, 

ToLA'THER. -o.ti. [leppan, Saxon.] ^To 

form a f lam. Baynard, 

To LATHER, v. a. To cover with foam 

of water and foap, 
LA'THER. /. [from the verb,] A foam or 

frothe made commonly by beating foap with 

LATIN, a, [Latinus.] Written or fpoken 

in the language of the old Romans. 

LA'TINISM. [Lotinifme, French ; /aiinif- 

mus, low Latin,] A latin idiom j a mode 

of fpeech to the Latin. Addijon, 
LA'TINIST. / One /killed in Latin, 
LA'TINITY. Z'. The Latin tongue. 
To LA'TINIZE. -v. r. [Ljtinijer, French.] 

To ufe words or phrales borrowed from the 

Latin. Drydcn, 

To LA'TINIZE. -r/.^. Togive names a latin 

termination ; ,to mike them Jatin. PVatt!^ 
LATISH. a. [iiomlate.] S:>nr.ewhat late. 
LATIilO'STRGUS. a. latus and rojirum, 

Latin.] Broad-beaked. Bro-Jsn^ 

LATITANCY. / [from latitjns^ Latin.J 

Deiitefcence ; theftate of lying hid. firo, 
La'TITANT. a. [latitans.'L^x.xn.] Delite- 

frent ; concealed ; lying hid. Boyle, 

LATITATION. /. [from btito, Latin.] 

The ftAte of lying concealed. 
LATITUDE. /. [/u/;/ac/^, French.] 

1. Breadth j width j ill bodies of unequal 
dimenfions the /horteraxis. Wotton, 

2. Room; ff ace ; extent. L'Ake, 

3. The extent of the earth or heavens, 
reckoned from the equator. 

4. A particular degree, reckoned from the 
equator. Addijon, 

5. Unreftrained acceptation. A'. Charles, 

6. Freedom from fettled rules j laxity. 


7. Extent; dirFufion, Brcijn, 
LATITUDINARLAN. a. [iatitudivarius, 

low Latii;.] Not rertrained ; not confined. 


LATITUDINARIAN. /. One who departs 

fro.m orthodoxy. 
LATRANT. a. Uatrans,Lnln.'} Birk;ng« 

LATRI'J. [XaTfSi'a.] The high-.1 kind of 
woriTiip. Stillir^tieet. 

4 b' a LA'Tf £1^ ^ 

L A U 

LA^TTEN. /. lUcott, Fr.] Brafs ; a mix- 
ture of copper and caiaxninans ftone. 


1. Happening after fomething elfe. 

2. Mo(Jern j lately done or paft. Locke, 

3. Mentioned laft of two. PFatts. 
LATTERLY, ad. [from latter. "^ Of late. 
LATTICE./, [.'d.'f/j, French.] A reticu- 

Jated window j a window made with fticks 
or irons croliing each other at fmali diftan- 
ces, CUavclanJ, 

To LATTICE, v. a. [from the noun.] To 
decullate j to mark with crofs parts like 
a Jattice. 

LAVATION. /. {lavatio, Latin.] The 
adt of v.'i'.fhing. Hakeivill. 

LA'VATQRY. /. [from lavo^ Latin.] A 
wafli J fumething in which paits dileafed 
are walhed. Hdyvcy, 

LAUD. /. llaus, Latin.] 

1. Praife 5 honour paid j celebration. 


2, That pavt of divine wotfhip which con- 
fifts in praife. Bacon. 

TpLAUD, 'V. a. [laudo, Latin.] To praife ; 
to celebrate. Eeiuley, 

LA'UDABLE. a. [laudakilis, Latin.] 

1. P.-aife-v/orthy ; commendable. Locke. 

2. Healthy ; falubrious. . Arbuihnot. 
LAUDABLENESS. /. [ from laudable. ] 

Praife wovthiners. 
LA'UDABLy. ad. [from laudable.'] In a 

manner deferving praife. Dryden. 

LA'UDAN UM, /. [from laudo, Latin.] A 

fopotifick tindure. 
To LAVE. "v. a. [lavo, Latin.] 

1. To wafh J to bathe. Dryden, 

2. [Lever, French,] To throw up j to 
lade J to draw out. 

£er, "Johnson. Dryden, 

To LAVE, v, n. To wa/h himfelf ; to 
ha the. Pop"-, 

To LAVE'ER. v. n. To change the di- 
rection often in a courfe. Dryden, 

LAVENDER. /. One of the verticillate 
plants. Miller. 

LA'VER, /, [la-voir, French 9 from /^f<'.] 
A wadiing veffel. Milton. 

To LAUGH. 1/. ». [hlahan, Saxon j lacbeny 

1. To make that noife which fudden mer- 
iimf-nt excites. Bacon, 

2. [In poetry.] To appear gay, favoura- 
ble, plejfant, or fertile. Sbakefpeare. 

3. I0 L.-^UGH at. To treat with con- 
tempt ; to ridicule. Shakifpeare, 

To LAUGH. «. a. To deride i to fcorn. 

LAUGH. /. [from the verb.] The convul- 
fiofi caufed by merriment j an inarticulate 
{xpielTxoa of funiden menimeat. Pope, 


LAUGHABLE, a. [from laugb.] Such 
as may properly excite laughter. 

LA'UGHER. /. [from laugb.l A man 
fond of merriment. Pope, 

LAUGHINGLY, ad. [from laughing.-^ In 
a merry way j merrily. 

LAUGHINGSTOCK. /. [laugh indjiock.] 
A butt J an objedl of ridicule. Spenfer. 

LAUGHTER./, [from /<i«^/^.] Convul- 
iive merriment j an inarticulate exprefTion 
of fudden merriment, Sbakefpeare, 

LA'VISH. a. 

1. Prodigal 5 wafteful 

2. Scattered in wafte : 

indifcreetly liber- 

3. Wild J unreftrained. Sbakefpeare. 

To LA'VISH. v. a. [from the adjedive.] 

To fcatter with profufion. Addifor, 

LA'VISHER. /. [from lavip.'] A prodi- 

g:^! ; a profufe man. 
LAVISHLY, ad. [ixom la-vtp.1 Profufe- 

ly ; pfodigally. Hhakefpeare, 

LA'VISHMENT. 7 / [from la-vifr.] Pro- 
LA'VISHNESS. 5 digahtyj protufion. 

To LAUNCH. v,n. 

1. To force into the fea. Locke, 

2. To rove at large j to expatiate. Davies, 
To LAUNCH, -v. a. 

1. To pufh to fea. Pope, 

2. To dart from the hand. Dryden. 
LAUND. /. [, French.] A plain ex- 

tended between woods. Sbakefpeare, 

LA'UNDRESS. /. [la-vandiere, French.] 
A woman whofe employment is to wafh 
clothes. Camden, 

LA'UNDRY. /. [as if la-vanderie.'] 

J. The room in which clothes are waflied. 


1, The aft or (late of waHiing. Bacon, 

LAl'O'LTA. f. [I J volte, French.] An old 
dance, in which was much turning and 
much capering, Sbakefpeare, 

LA'UREATE. a. [Jaureatu*, Lat,] Deck- 
ed or invefled with a laurel. Dunciad, 

LAUREATION. /. [from laureate.'] It 
denotes in the Scotti/h imiverfities, the 
aft or ftate of having degrees conferred. 

LA'UREL. /. [laurus, Lat.j A tree, call- 
ed alfo the cherry -bay. 
LA'UR-ELED. a. [from laurel.'^ Crowned 
or decorated with laurel. Dryden, 

LAW. /. [la^a, Saxon.] 

1. A rule of aftion. Dryden, 

2. A decree, edift, flatute, or cuftom, 
publickly eftablilhed. Davies, 

3. judicial procefs. Sbakefpeare, 

4. Conformity to law j any thing lawful. 


5. An eftabliflied and conftant mode or 
procefs. Sbakefpeare, 

LAWFUL, a, [laiv and /«//.] Agreeable 

to law J conformable to law. Sbakefpeare^ 



LA'WFULLY. ad. [ixomlatvful.'] Legally; 

agreeably to hw, Soufb, 

LA'WFULNESS. /. [from /aw/«/.] Lega. 

iity ; allowance of law. Bacon. 

LAWGIVER./, {laiu^n^ giver.] Legif- 

latcr ; one that makes laws. Bacon. 

LA'VVGIVING. fl. [/rfwand^iWn^.] Le- 

giflative. ff''alier, 

LA'WLESS. a. [from l^zv.] 

I. Unreftrained by any law; not fubje£l 

to law. RaUigb. Rofcommor. 

1. Contrary to law ; illegal. D^ydcr., 
LA'WLESLY. ad. [from laivkji.-] In a 

manner contrary to law. Sbake'peare, 

LA'WMAKER. /. [la-iu and maker.] Lc- 

giflator J one who makes laws j a lawgiver. 
LAWN. /. [land, Danifh.] 

J. An open fgace between woods. Pope, 

2. [^Lir.on, French.] Fine linen, remark- 
able for being ufed in the fleeves of bifhops. 


LA'WSUIT. /. [laiv and /«;>.] A procefs 
in law J a litigation. Sivi/r. 

LA'WYER. /. [from /aw.] Profeffor 'of 
of law J advocate 3 pleader. Wbitgifc, 

LAX. a. [laxu!, Latin.] 

X. Loofe 3 not confined j not clofely join- 
ed. Woodward, 
a. Vague ; not rigidly exafV. Baker, 

3. Loofe in body, fo as to go frequently 
to ftoo). ^ircy, 

4. Slack ; not tenfe, holder, 
LAX. /. A loofenefs ; a diarrhoea. 
LAXA'TION, /. [laxatio, Latin.] 

1. The adt of loolening or flackening. 

2. The ftate of being loofened or flacken- 

LA'XATIVE. a. [laxatif, 'French.] Hav- 
ing the power to eafe coftivcncfs. 

LA'XATIVE. /. A medicine flightly pur- 
gative. Dry den. 
mXATIVENESS. /. [bxati've.1 i'ower 
m of eafing coftivenefs. 
aA'XITY. /. [laxitas, Latin.] 

1. Not comprcflion ; not clofe cohefion, 

a. Contrariety to rigorous precifion. 

3. Loofenefs j not coilivenefs. Broivn. 

4. Slacknefs j contrariety to tenfion. 


5. Opennefs ; not clofenefs. i^^g^y* 
LA'XNESS. /. Laxity; not tenfion ; not 

precifion ; not coftivenefs. Holder, 

LAY. Preterite of lye. Knolles, 

To LAY, v. a. [lecjan, Saxon.] 

J. To place along. Eccluf, 

2. To beat down corn or grafs. Bacon, 

3. To keep from rifing j to fettle; toftill. 


4. To fix deep. Bacon. 

5. To put ; to place. Sbakejpeare, 
€, To bury J to interx, *. ^'*.7;, 


7. To ftation or place privily. Proverbs, 

8. To Ipread on a furface. Watn. 

9. To paint J to enamel. Locke, 

10. To put into any ftate of quiet. Bjcon. 

11. To calm; toftill^ to quiet; to allay. 

Ben. yobnjon, 
22. To prohibit a fpjrit to walk., 
13' To fct on the table. Hoj. 

J4. To propagate plants by fixing their 
twigs in the ground. Mortimer, 

15. To wager. Dryder.^ 

16. To repofit any thing. Pjaim:, 
17- To^xclude eggs. Bacon, 

18. To apply with violence. Ezekiel, 

19. To apply nearly. VE/lrange, 

20. To add J to conjoin. Ij'aiab, 

21. To put in any ftate. Donne, 

22. To fcheme j to contrive. Chapman. 

23. To charge as a payment. Locker 

24. To impute; to charge. Temple, 

25. To impofe ; to enjoin, TVycberUy, 

26. To exhibit ; to ofier. Ait er bury, 

27. To throw by violence. Dryden, 
28- To place in comparifon. Raleigh, 

29. To Lay a^art. To rejeft; to put 
away^ James. 

30. JTo L A Y aftde. To put away ; not to 
retain. Hebreivs. Gran-ville, 

31. To Lay aiuay. To put from one 5 
not to keep. Efiber, 

32. To Lay before. To expofe to view ; 
tofhewj todifplay. Wake^ 

33. To La y by. To rcferve for fome fu- 
ture time. J Qor^ 

34. To Lay by. To put from one j to 
d.fmifs. Sacon, 

35. To Lay down. To depofit as « 
pledge, equivalent, or fatisfaftion. John, 

36. To Lay d^nan. To quit j to refign. 


37. To Lay down. To commit to repofe, 


38. To Lay down. To advance as a pro- 
pofition. Stilhngflitt. 

39. To \..\H for. To attempt by arnbufh, 
cr infidious pradices, Kncllest 

40. To La y forth. To diffufe j to ex- 
patiate, VEflrange, 

41. To La\ forth. To place when dead 
in a decent pofture. Shakefpeare» 

42. To h AX bold of. Tvjftfize; to catch, 


43. To Lay in. To ftore ; to treafure. 


44. To Lay on. To apply with violence, 


45. To Lay open. To ihew ; to expofe, 


46. TdLAYoo/fr. Toincruft; to cover. 


47. Sn? Lay o«r, To expend. 

Milton, Boyle, 

48. r. 

L A Z 

4S, To La y out. To difplay j to dlfcover. 
Alter bury. 

49. To Lay out. To difpofej to plan. 

iVu/fi on Odyjfey. 

50. ToLay o«f. With the reciprocal 
pronoun, to exert. Smalridge. 

51. To Lay to. To charge upon. Sid, 
KZ. To Lay to. To apply with vigour. 


K'i. To Lay to. To harrafs : to attack. 


54. To Lay together. To colleftj to 
bring into one view. Addijin, 

55, To Lay K/j^^r. To fubj^ to. 

•■ Addifon, 

^6, To Lay uf>. To confine. Tempk, 

57. To Lay k/'. To (lore j to treafure. 


k/^. To Lay upon. To importune. 

To LAY. -v. »; 

1. To bring eggs. Mo'-tmer, 

2. To contrive. Daniel. 

3. T(J Lay aZ'sk^ To flrike on all fides. 

Spittfe'r. South, 

4. To Lay at. To ftrike } to endeavour 
to ftrike. * Jol?. 

5. To Lay in for. To make overtures of 
oblique invitation. . Drydtn, 

6. To Lay on. To ftrike ; to beat. 

■ 7. To LAY otj. To adl with vehemence. 
Shake/pear e, 
Z, To Lay out. To take meafures. 

LAY. /. [from the verb.] 

1. A row; a flratum. Bacon, 

2. A wager. Graunt, 
LAY. '/. [ ley, lea^, Saxon. ] Grafly 

ground 3 meadow ; ground unpiowed, 

LAY. /. [by, French, ley, leo«. Sax.] A 

fong. Spcnj. Milton, F/allcr. Dryd, Dennis, 
LAY. a. \_!oicus, Latin; Xa©-.] Notcle- 

lical ; regarding or belonging to the people 

as diilinft from the clergy. Dryden, 

J.A'YER. /. [from lay,] 

1. A flratum, or row j a bed ; one body 
fpread over another. E'velyn. 

2. A fprig of a plant. MiUcr. 

3. A hen that lays eggs. Mortimer, 
LA'YMAN. /. [lay and man.'\ 

J. One of the people difun£l from the 
the clergy. Government of the Tongue. 

2. An image. Dryden. 

LA'YSTALL. /. An heap of dung. Spenftr. 

LA'ZAR. /. [from Lazarus in the gofpel.] 
One deformed and naufecus with filthy and 
pelVilential difeafes. Dryden. 

LAZAR- HOUSE. 7 f. [laxxeretto, Italian ; 

LAZARE'TTO. i from kz-ar.} A houfe 
for ilie reception of the dileafed j an hof- 
pital, Milton^ 


LA'ZARWORT. /. A plant. 

LA'ZILY. ad. [from lazy.] Idly; fiug- 

gifhly ; heavily. Locke, 

LA'ZINESS. /. [from lazy,} Idlenefs j 

fluggiflinefs. Dryden, 

LA'ZiNG. a. [from lazy.} Sluggifli ; idle. 

LA'ZULI, /. The ground of this ftone is 

LAZY. a. [lijfer, Danifli.] 

1. Idle J iluggifh j unwilling to work, 

Rof common* 

2. Slow ; tedious. Clarendon, 
LD. is a contra£lion of lord. 

LEA. /. [ley, Saxon^ a fallow.] Ground in- 
clofed, not open. • Milton, 

LEAD./. [j£eb, Saxon.] 

1. Lead is the heaviell metal except gold ; 
the fofteft of all the metals, and very 
du£>ile : it is very little fubjedl to ruft, 
and the leaft fonorous of all the metals, 
except gold. Lead is found in various 
countries, but abounds particularly inEng-. 
land, in feveral kinds of foils and ftones. 


2. [In the plural.] Flat roof to walk on. 

Sbakefpeare, Bacon, 

To LEAD. V. a. [from the noun.] To fit 

with lead in any manner. Bacon, 

To LEAD", v. a. prefer. lied. [lasban.'Sax.j 

1. To guide by the hand. Luke, 

2. To conduft to any place. i Sam, 

3. To conduft as head or commander. 

Spenjer, South, 

4. To introduce by going firfl^. iV«w. Fair, 

5. To guide j to ihovv the method of at- 
taining. Watt:, 

6. To draw ; to entice j to allure. 


7. To induce ; to prevail on by pleafing 
motives. Sivift, 

8. To pafs J to fpend in any certain man- 
ner. Atterburyt 

To LEAD. V. n, 

1 . To go firft, and fliow the way. Genets, 

2. To condudl as a commander. Temple, 

3. To fhew the way, by going firft. 

LEAD, /. [from the verb.] Guidance j 

firft place. 
LE'ADEN. a. [leaben, Saxon.] 

1. Made of lead. Wilkini, 

2. Heavy ; unwilling j motionlefs, 


3. Heavy; dull, Sbakefpeare, 
LE'ADER. /. [from lead.} 

1. One that leads, or condu£ls, 

2. Captain ; commander, Hayivard, 

3. One who goes firft, Sbakefpeare, 

4. One at the head of any party or faction, 

LE'ADING. part, a. Principal. Locke. 
LE'ADING -STRINGS, /.[/^ and /r/;;^.] 



Springs by which children, when they 
learn to walk, are held from falling. Dry, 

LE'ADMAN. /. [lead znA nun. '\ One who 
begins or leads a dance. Ben. Johrjon, 

LE'ADWORT. /. [hadirA wort.] A plant. 


LEAF./, leaves^ plural, [leap, Saxon.] 

1. The green deciduous parts of plants 
and flowers. Boy/e, 

2, A part of a book, containing two pages. 


3. One fide of a double door. 1 Kings. 

4, Any thing foliated, or thinly beaten. 


To LEAF. V, n. [ from the noun. ] To 
bring leaves j to bear leaves. Broivn. 

LFAFLESS. a,\ [from haf.] Naked of 
leaves. Government of the Tongue, 

LE'Apy. a. [from ieaf^ Full of leaves. 

LEAGUE. /. \_ligue, French.] A confe- 
deracy ; a combination. Bacov, 

To LEAGUE, "v. n. To unite j to confe- 
derate. South, 

LEAGUE. /. [li^ui, Fr.] A meafure of 
lenj.'th, containing three miles. Addijcn. 

LE'AGUED. a. [from league.'l Confederat- 
ed. Phillips, 

LE'AGUER. /. [beleggeren, Dutch.] Siege; 
inveftment of a town. Shakefpeare. 

LEAK. /. {leek, like, Dutch.] A 'breach 
or hole which lets in water. 

Hooker, jrHkim, 

To LEAK. v. n, 

1. To let water in or out. Shakefpeare, 

2. To drop through a breach. Dryder.. 
LE'AKAGE. /. [from leak.] Allowance 

made fir accidental lofs in hquid meafurer. 
LE'AKY. a. [from leak.] . 

1, Battered or pieiced, fo a.s to let water 
in or out. Dryden. 

2, Loquacious J not clofe. UEfirange. 
To LEAN. f. n. preter. leaned or leant, 

[hlinan, Saxon.] 

I, To incline againft ; to reft againft. 

a. To propend ; to tend towards., 

3, To be in a bending pofture. Dryden, 
LEAN. a. [hlxne, Saxon.] 

1 . Not fat ; meagre j wanting flefh ; bare- 
boned. Milt an, 

2. Not unfluous J thin ; hungry. Burnet. 

3. Low ; poor j jn oppofition to great or 
rich. Shakespeare. 

LEAN. /. That part of flefh which confifts 
ot the mufcle without the fat. Farquhar, 

LE'ANLY. ad. [from lean.] Meagerly j 
without plumpnefs. 

LEANNESS. /. [from lean.] 

1. Extenuation of body } want of flefti j 
meagernefs. Ben, Johnjon, 

a. Want of bulk, Shakefpeare, 


To LF.AP. v. V. [hieapan, Saxon.] 

1. To jump; to move upward or progref- 
lively without change of the feet. Coivley. 

2. To rufh with vehemence. Sandys. 

3. To bound ; to fpring. Luke. 

4. To fly ; to dart. Shakefpeare, 
To LEAP, 'v.a, 

1. To pafs over, or into, by leaping. 


2. To comprefs ; as beafts. Dryden,, 
LEAP. /. [from the verb.] 

1. Bound ; jump j ac\ of leaping. 

2. Space paffed by leaping. L'EJlrarge, 

3. Suddap tranfition. VEfirarge. Swift. 

4. An aflault of an aoimilof prey., 

5. Embrace of animals. Dryden, 

6. Hazard, or eftect of leaping. Dryden, 
■ LEAP-FROG. /. [leap and frog.] A play 

of children, in which they imitate the 
jump of frogs. Shakefpeare. 

LEAP-YEAR. /. Leap.year or bifl'extile is 
every fourth year, and To called from its 
leaping a day more that year than in a 
common year : fo that the common year 
hath 365 days, but the leap-year 366 5 
and then February hath 29 days, which in 
common years hath but 28. To find the 
leap.year you have this rule : 

D vide by 4 ; what's left fhall be 
For ieap year o ; f:)r part / , 2, 3. Harris, 

To LEARN, -v. a. [leopnian, Saxon. J 

1. To gain the knowledge or Ikili of, 


2. To teach. Shakefpeare, 
To LEARN, t/. n. To take pattern. 

LE'ARNED. a. [from leam,] 

1. Verfed in fcience and literature. Swift, 

2. Skilled J fkilful j knowing. 


3. Skilled in fcholaftick knowledge. 

LE'ARNEDLY. ad. [from learned.] With 
knowledge ; with fkill. Hooker, 

LE'ARNING. /. [from learn.] 

1. Literature; fkill in languages or fcien- 
ces. Prior, 

2. Skill in any thing good or bad. Hooker, 
LE'ARNER, /. [from learr.] One who is 

yet in his rudiments. Graunt, /. [laiffer., French. Spdman.] 

1. A contract by which, in confideration 
of fome payment, a temporary pofTeflion 
is granted of hcufss or lands, Denkam, 

2. Any tenure. Milton, 
To LEASE, -v.a. [from the noun.] To let 

by leafe. y^jlife. 

To LEASE. 1', n. [ lejftn, Dutch. J To 

glean; ttJ gVther what the harveft men 

leave. Dryden, 

LE'ASER, /. [from/fj/f.jGleaner. Swift. 



LEASH. /. \}cjfe, French j laccloy Italian.] 

1. A leather thong, by which a falconer 
holds his hawk, or a courier leads his grey- 
hound. Shakefpearc, 

2. A tierce ; three. Hudibras, 

3. A band wherewith to tie any thing in 
general. Dennis. 

To LEASH, f. a, [from the noun.] To 
bind ; to hold in a ftring* Shakejpeare. 

LBfASING. /. [le.j-e, Saxon.] Lies; falf- 
hood. Hubberd''s Tale. Prior, 

LEAST, a. thefuperlativeof little. [Ispt, 
Saxon.] Little beyond others j fxnalleO. 


LEAST, cd. In the loweft degree. Pope. 

^f LEAST. 7 To fay no ;more j ac 

^r LE'ASTWISE. J the loweft degree. 

Hooker. Dryden. Watts, 

LE'ASY. a. Flimfy j of weak texture. 


LE'ATHER. /. [le^eji, Saxon.] 

J, Drefled hides of animals. iSbakefpeare, 
1. Skin; ironically. Sivift. 

LE'ATHERCOAT. /. [leather and coat.] 
An apple with a tough rind. Sbakefpeare, 

LE'ATHERDRESSER. /. [ leather and 
dreJJ'er.] Hewhodreffes leather. Pope, 

LE'ATHER-MOUTHED. a. [leather and 
tnoutb. ] By a leather. tnout hod fifli, I 
mean luch as have their teeth in their 
throat. Walton. 

LE'ATHERY. a. [from leather.'\ Re/em- 
bling leather. Phillips. 

LE'ATHERSELLER. /. [leather and JelUr.\ 
He who deals in leather. 

LEAVE. /. [leape, Saxon.] 

1. Grant of liberty; permiiTion ; allow- 
ance. Pope. 

2. Farewel ; adieu. Shakejpeare. 
To LEAVE. V. a. pret. I left ; / have left. 

1. To quit ; to forfake. Ben. Jchnjor, 

2. To defert ; to abandon. Eccluf. 

3. To have remaining at death. Eccluf. 
^, Not to deprive of. Taylor. 
r. To fufFer to remain. Bacon. 

6. Not to carry away. Judges. Knolles. 

7. To fix as a token or remembrance. 


8. To bequeath j to give as inheritance. 


9. To give up; to refign. Le-viticus, 

10. To permit without interpofition. 


11. To ceafe to do ; to defiftfrom. 

I Sam. 

12. ToL-E-AVF. off. To defift from; to 
forbear. yJddiJon. 

13. To Leave c^. To forfake. 


14. To Leave oar. To omit; to neg- 
letl. Ben. fcbnjan, Blackmore, 

To LEAVE, v. n. 

I. To ceafe 3 to defift. Shakejpeare, 


2. To defiff . 

Knollei. Rofcommott, 

3. r<7 Leave off. To flop. ^Daniel. 
To LEAVE, -v. a. [lever, French,] To 

levy ; to raife. Spenjer, 

LE'A VED. a. [from leaveiy of leaf] 

1. Furnifhed with foliage. 

2. Made with leaves or folds. Ifaiah. 
LE'AVEN./. [Icvain, French.] 

1. Ferment mixed with any body to make 
it light. Floyer. 

2. Any mixture which makes a general 
change in the mafs. Kir.g Charles. 

To LE'AVEN. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To ferment by fomething mixed. 


2. To taint; to imbue. Prior. 
LE'AVER. /. [leave.] One who deferts or 

forfakes. Shakejpeare. 

LEAVES. /. The plural of leaf. Bacon. 
LE'A VINOS. /. [ixom leave. ^ Remnant; 

relicks; offa!. Addijon. 

LE'AVY. a. [from leaf] Full of leaves ; 

covered with leaves. Sidney. 

TohLQU, -v.a. [lecher y'Pitnch.] To hck 

over. Shakejpeare. 

LE'CHER. /. A whoremafter. Pope. 

To LECHER, a/, ff. [from the noun.] To 

whore. Shakejpeare, 

LECHEROUS, a. [from lecher.] Leud ; 

luftful. Detham. 

LE'CHEROUSLY. ad. [ from lecherous. ] 

Leudly; luftfujly. 
LE'CHEROUSNESS. /. [from lecherous.-^ 

LE'CHER Y. /. [from lecher.1 Leudnefs; 

luft. Ajcham. 

LE'CTION. /. [haio, Lat.] A reading ; 

a variety in copies. Watti, 

LE'CTURE. /. [/efli^rf, French.] 

1. A difcourfe pronounced upon any fub- 
je6l. Sidney, Taylor. 

2. The a£t or pradice of reading ; perufaJ. 


3. A magiflerial reorimand. 

To LECTURE, f. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To inftru£t formally. 

2. Toinftru£l infolently and dogmatically, 
LE'CTURER. /. [from /^.^?«r^.] Aninftruc- 

tor ; a teacher by way of lefture, a preach- 
er in a church hired by the parifli to aflift 
the redior. Clarendon. 

LE'CTURESHIP. /. [Uom IMure.] The 
office of a ie<fturer. Sivift. 

LED. part. pret. of lead. Esuekicl, 

LEDGE. /. [hggcn; Dutch.] 

1. A row ; layer; Itratom. Wottov. 

2. A rioge rifing above the reft. GuUt'ver. 

3. Any prominence, or rifing part. 

LEDHORSE. /. [led and horje.] A fumpter 

LEE. /. [lie, French.] 

I. Dregs; 


T. Dregs ; fediment j rcfufe. Prior, 

2. [Sea term.] It is generully that fiHe 
wtiich is oppofite to the wind, as the he 
ihore is that the wmd blows on. To be 
under the lee of the fliire, is to be cl"fc 
under the weather fliore. A Uiivard /hip 
is one that is not faft by a wind, t* make 
her way fo good as flie might, Di^, 

LEECH.7. [1^<^> Saxon.] 

I. A phyfician J a proteflTor of the art of 
healing. Spcnjer, 

z. A kind of fmall water ferpent, which 
laftcns on animals, and fucks the blood. 

To LEECH. V. a. [from the noun.] To 
treat with medicaments. 

LE'ECHCRAFT. /. [!eccb and era/:.] The 
art of healing. Da-vies. 

LEEF. a, [Ite-ve, leve^ DJtch.] K'Dd j 
fond. Spevjcr. 

LEEK. /. [leac, Saxon.] A plant. 

LEER. /. [hleajie. Sax. J 

1. An oblique view. MiltoTi. 

2. A laboured caft of cruntcnance, Szvift. 
To LEER. V, n, [from the noun.] 

I. To look obliquely j to look archly. 

z. To look with a forced countenance. 

Dry den. 

LEES. /. [lie, French.] Dregs ; fediment. 
Ben. Jo'cTijon. 

To LEESE. v. a, [!efen, Dutch.] To lofe : 
3n old word. Tujfcr. Donne. 

LE^T. /. A law day. The word feemeth 
to have grown from the S^xon ItSe, which 
was a court of juufiii£t'.on above the wapen- 
take or hundred, comprehending three cr 
four . it' them, Coivel, 

LE'EWAilD. a flee and pesp'o, S»xon.] 
Towards he wind. See Lee. Arbuth. 

LEFT, participle preter. of Aiiff, Shakefp, 

LEFT. a. ['iif'f, Dutch ; lavus, Latin ] 
.Sinidrcus; not righ'. Dryden, 

LEFT-HANDED, a. [left 2\\^ k and.] Ufing 
the left- hand rather than right, Broivn, 

LEFT- HANDEDNESS. /. [ixom left band, 
ed.] Habituil ufe of the left hand. 


LEG. /. [l^'g, Dmifh.] 

I. The limb by which we walk ; particu- 
larly that part between the knee and the 
fooci Addifon. 

a. An a£t of obeifance, Hudihras. 

3. To ftand on his own legs j to fupport 
hinnfelf. Collier. 

4. That by which any thing is fupported 
on the ground : as, the leg of a table. 

LE'GACY. /. [legal urn, Latin.] l^fg^cy is 
a particular thing given by laft will and 
teftament. Coivel. 

LE'GAL. a. [legal, French.] 

3, Djne or co«c«ived according to law. 


2. Lawful; not contrary to law, Afiltcn, 

LEGA'LITY. /. [legal,tc',Fr.] Liwfulnefs. 

ToLE'GALIZE. 'v.a. [Igaln^cr, French; 
from lega!.] To authorize } to make law- 
ful • South, 

LE'GALLY. ad. [irom legal ] Lawfully j 
according to law, Taylor, 

LE'GATARY, /. [hgataire, French.] One 
who has a legacy iefr. Avlifie, 

LEGA'TINE. a. [from legate.] 

1. Made by a legate. Ayliffe, 

2, Belonging to a legate of the Roman fee. 

LE'GATE./. [/.^ar«5, Latin.] 

1. A deputy j an ambalTador. Dryden^ 

2. A kind of fpirituai aaibaffador from 
t^e pope. Atterbury. 

LECATE'E. /. [from lrgatum.\.zx.] Qne 
who has a legacy left him, ' Sioift, 

LEGA'TION. / [legat,o, L.tin.] Depu- 
tat!on J commiflionj embafly, Wottov^ 

LEGATOR. /. [from lego, Latin.] One 
who makes a will, and leaves legacies. 

, ^, Dry den A 

LE'GEND. /. [legenda, Latin.] ^ 

1. A chronicle or regifter ot the lives of 
f3i"«s- Hooker, 

2. Any memorial or relation. Fdirfax; 

3. An incredible unauthentick narrative. 

4 Any infcriptlon ; particularly on medals 
o"" coin- Addifon. 

LE'GER. /. [from legger, Dutch.] Any 
thing thst lies in a place ; as, a leger am- 
balTador J a refident'j aleger-book, a book 
that lies in the coajptmg- hcufe. 


LE'GERDEMAI>J. /. [Ugeret/de ma,n,^:.^ 
Slight of band ; juggle j power of deceiv- 
ing the eye by nimble motion j trick. 


LEGE'RITY. /. [legeret/, French,] Light, 
nefs; nimblenefs. Sb.:kefpcare, 

LE'GGED. a. [from leg.] Having leR% 

LE'GIBLE./. [/.^.^;7/,, latin.] ^ 

1. Such as may be read. Sivft, 

2. Apparent} difcoverable. Col ier 
LE'GIBLY. ad. [from legible.] In fuch a 

manner as may be read. 
LE'GION. /. [kgio, Latin.] 

1. A body of Roman foldicrs, confining 
of about five thoufand. Addifon, 

2. A military force. PbtUips. 

3. Any great number. Sbakefp. Robert, 
LE'GIONARY. a. [from legion'.] 

1. Reljting to a legion. 

2. Containing a legion. 

3. Containing a great indefinite number. 

LEGISLA'TION. /. [from Lgifator, Lar.] 
The aft of giving laws. Littleton, 

LEGISLATIVE, a. [ixom legijlator.] Giv- 
ing laws j lawgiving. D^nbam. 

L E N 

LEGISLA'TOR. /. [legiJiciiQr, Latin.] A 
, jdw^tyer j one who makes laws for any 

c< m Piinitv. Pope. 

LEGliLA'rURE. /. [from/-^r/7aro-,Lar.] 

The pow-'r that makes Jvws. Sivifr. 

LEGI'TIMACY. /. {it om legitimate,] 

3. LiwFuioefs of birth. ^yliffe. 

GITIMATE. a, [from hgitimusy Lat.] 
Jo; n ill m.^rriage J lawfully begotten. Tayl. 



To LEGITIMATE, 'v.a. SJgitlmer, Fr.] 
3. To procure to any the righ:s of itgiti- 
mate birth. ^y#. 

•2. T. ) m a ke 1 a w f u 1. Decay c f Piety . 

LEGI'TIMATELY. ad. [from leginiTiate.] 
Lawfully; genuinely. Dryden. 

LEGITLVTATION, /. [Lgi::mation, ^r.] 

- I. Lawful birth. Locke. 

2. The a£l of invefli.rg with the privileges 
of lav/ful birth. 

LEKiU-ME. 7 /. {ligumev, Latin.] Seeds 

LEGUiMEN. 5 ;not reaped, but gathered 

' by the hand j as, beans: in general, all 

larger feeds ; pulfe. . Boyle. 

LEGUMINOUS, a, [kgumineux, French ; 
from I gum n.] Belonging to pulfe } con- 
fining cf pu!/"e. Arbuthnot. 

LE'iSUilABLY. ^^. [hov^ lcifural>b.] At 
leifare ; without tumult or hurry. Hooker, 

LE'ISURABLE. a. {horn leijure.'] D.neat 
leifure j not hurried j enjoying leifure. 


LEISURE. /. [Lifir, French.] 

• I. Freedoom from bufinefs or hurry ; va- 
cancy of mind. Tcmjle, 

2. Convenience of time. Shahfpeare. 
LEISURELY, a. [k'jmlrifure.] xNotliafty j 

deliberate. iihak>'ft'e(ire. yUddijon. 

LE'ISURELY. ad. [from leifure.] Not in a 
hurry; ll)wly. . Addijcn. 

LE'MAN. /. \_laimar.t,Yxtnc\\.'\ A t- 
he^rt ; a gsllanr, Hanmer. 

LE'MMA. /. [>;?/x/.ta.] A propofnion pre- 
vioufly afTumed. 

LE'MON. /. [/-wo.v, French,] 
I. The fruit of the lemon- tree. 

-2.. The tree that bears lemons. 

LEMONA'DE. /. [from hmon.^ Liquor 
made of water, fugsr, and the juice of le- 
mons. , A'butbnot. 

To LEND.' 'V. a. [lasnan, Saxon.] 

1, To afford, on condition of repiyment. 

a. To fufFer to be ufed on condition that 
it be reHored. Dryden. 

3. To sfFord ; to grant in general. Dryd, 
LENDER./. [ f r m Lf-d. ] 

■1. One who lends any thing. 

2. One who makes a trade of putting mo- 
nfv to intereft Addijca. 

LENGTH./, [from lens, Saxon.] 

L E N 

s. The extent of any thing material from 
end to end. Bacons 

2. Horizontal extenfion. Dryden^ 

3. A certain portion of fpace or time 


4. Extent of duration. Locke. 

5. Long duration or protraflion. Addifon. 

6. Reach or expanfjon of any thing. 


7. Full extent ; uncontrafted ftate. 


8. Diflance. Cluiendon. 

9. End j latter part of any aflignable time. 


10. ^/LENGTH. At laft J ia conclusion. 

To LE'NGTHEN. v. a. [from length.] 

1. To draw out; to make longer; to 
e'ongate. Arbuthnot. 

2. To protraft ; to continue, Dar.icl. 

3. To protraft pronunciation. Dryden. 

4. T(j Lengthen (5!^/. To protraft j to 
extend. Dryden. 

To LE'NGTHEN. 'v. «. To grow longer j 
to increafe in length. Prior, 

LE'NGTHWISF, ad. [ hrgtb and nvife. j 
According to the length. 

LE'NIENT. a. [kniens, L^tin.] 

1. Affuafivej fcfteningj mitigating. 


2. Laxative ; emolHifnt. Arb'Jthr.ot, 
LE'NIENT. y. An emollient, or aifuafive 

application. IVijemap, 

T; LE'NIFY. -v.a. {lenlfier, old French.] 

To afluage ; to mitigate. Dryden. 

LE'NITIVE. a. [lcrdtif,Fv. /.Wo, Latin.] 

Affuafivej emollient. Arbuthnot, 


1. Any thing applied to cafe pain. 

2. A palliative. South. 
LE'NITY. /. [Initas, Latin,] Mildnefs j 

mercy ; tendernefs. Danich 

LENS. /. A glafs fpherically convex on both 
fides, is ufually called a lens ; fuch as is a 
burning- ghfs, or fpeftacle-glafs; or an ob- 
ject glafs of a teltfcope Neivton, 
LENT. part. pafi". from lend. ■ Pope. 
LENT. /. 1 lenzen, the fpring, Saxon.] The 
quadragefimai fall j a time of abliinence. 

\ CamdeK, 

LE'NTEN. a. [from lent.'] Such as is ufed 

in lent; fparirg. Shakefpeare. 

LE'NTICULAR. a. [lentitulaire, French.] 

Doubly convex j cf the form of a lens. 

LE'NTIFORM. a. [/f«J and /or;^?^, Latin.] 

Havino; the form of a Jens. 
LE'NTIGINOUS. a. [ixom lentigo.] Scurfy ; 

LE'NTIGO. J. [Latin.] A freckly or f(?urfy 
eri;ptio.i upon the /kin. i^incy* 

LE'NITL. /. [lenSjLmn'f lentille, Srench.} 
A plant. 


L E S 

E'NTISCK./. [Untifcus, Latin.] LfniUk 
wor>d is of a paJc brown colour, aJmoft 
uhitifh, fpfinou', of a fragrant fmell and 
acrid faf?e : it is the wood of the tree which 
produce^ the maftich. Hill, 

LE'NTITUDE. /. [ from kntui, Latin. ] 
Sluegi/hnefs ; flownefs. 

LENINER. /. A k.nd of hawk, Walton. 

LE'NICR. J. [Utin.] 

1. Teuacity j vifcofity. Baron, 

2. Siownefs ; delay. A'butbmt. 

3. fin phyfick.] That fiiy, ^ifcid part of 
tlie blood which obftruds the vcfliels. 

LENTOUS, tf. [/f;r/K5, Latin.] Vilcous j 
tenacious j capable to be drawn out. 


LE'OD. /. The people; or, rather a nati- 
on, coijntiy, &€. Gibfon. 

Lt'OF. /. Leo/denotes love j fo Itof-juin, is 
a winner of love. Gibjor, 

LE'ONINE. a llcininm, L?tin.] 

1. Belonging to a lion ; iiaving the nature 
of a lion. 

2. Leonine verfes are thofe of which the 
end rhymes to the middle, fo named from 
Leo the inventor : as, 

Gloria faf^orum tsmere conceditur horum. 

LE'OPARD. /. [!eo and parduSj Latin.] A 
fpotted beaftof prey. Shak'-jpeare. 

LE PER. /. [lepra, Icprofus, Latin,] One in- 
f<-<f>e>i with a leproJy. Huke^vi /. 

LEPEROUS. o. j;Formcd from leprous.} 
Caufing leprofy. Si^kefpfare, 

LE'FORINE. o. [Irponnus, Latin.] Belong- 
ing to a hare j having the nature of a hare. 

LEPRO'SITY. /. [from leprous.] Squamous 
difeal"^. Bscor. 

LE'PROSY. /. [hpra, Latin j I^pre, Fr.] 
A loathiome dittemper, which covers the 
body v.ith a kind of white fcales. 


LE'PROUS a. [lepra ^ Latin ; hpreux, Fr.] 
Infeded with a leprofy. Donne, 

LERF. yl [iiejie, Sdxon.] A leffon ; lore j 
d'^finne. Sperjer. 

LE'RRY. [from Ure.'] A^zi\nz ; a kaure. 

LESS. A negative or privative termination, 
[kap, Saxon j loot, Dutch.] Joined to a 
fub(tdntive it implies the ablence ox priva- 
tion of tbe thing : as, a ivitUfi man. 

LESS. a. [leaj", Saxon.] The comparative 
of little : oppofcd to greater. Locke. 

LESS. /. Not fo much j cppofed to more. 


LESS. fl<y. In a fmaller degree J in a lower 
dcgrc-.' Dry den. 

LE SbEE. /. The pe.'.'bn to whom a leal'e is 

To LE'SSEN. V. a. [from /f/j.] 

I. To d;minini in bulk. 

a. To uiminiih in degree of any quality. 

L E T 

3. To degrade ; to deprlv^of power or dig- 
nity. Acttrbury^ 

To LE'SSEN^ -u. n. To grow lefs ; to nuinic. 


LESSER, a, A barbarous corruption of /f/i, 


LE'SSER. ad. [formed by ct)rruption from 
le s. Shakefpeare. 

LE'SSES. /. [/'^/>'fj, French.^ The uungof 
b?afts left on the grounc*. 

LE/SSON. /. [l.^on, French.] 

1. Any thing read or repeated to a teacher. 


2. Precept J notion inculcatei^. Spenfer. 

3. Portions of fcripture read in divine fer- 
vice. Hook.r, 

4. Tune pricked for an inftrument, 

5." A rating led ure. Sidney. 

To LESSON. 1; a. [from the r.oun.] To 

te<ich J toiiOrutt. Siak{ff>eare.- 

LE'SSOR. / 0;ie who lets any thing to 

farm, or otherwife by'leafi-. 

Deniam. AyU^t. 
LEST. corj. [from the adjedtive'/f^/,] That 

not. jnddijon, 

ToLET. w. a. [l^rsn.] 

1. To allow J to fufFer j to permit. 

Bp. Sand^r^on. 

2. A (ign oi the optative mood uied beVorp 
the firft, and imperative before the rhirj 
perfon. Before the firft peifon lingular it 
fi^nifies-refolution ; fixed purpofe, or ar- 
dent w /h. 

3. Before the firft perfon plural, let implies 
rxbortation. ' Mark. 

4. Before the third perfcn, fingular or plu- 
ral, la implies permiiTion or precepr. 


5. Before a thing in the pafTive voice, let 
implies command. D'jden, 

6. Let has an infivitive mood after it with- 
out the particle to, D yder, 

7. To le^ve. L'Ejlrange, 

8. To more than permit Shakefpeare. 

9. To put to hire j to grant to a tenant. 


10. To fuffer any thing to take a courfe 
wiiich requires no impulfive violence. 


11. To permit to take any ftate or courfe. 

j2. To Let i'ood, is elliptical for to let out 
bled. To free it from confinement j to 
fuiler it to fiream out of the vein. 

13. To LzT in. To admit. Knoiia, 

J 4. To Let in. To procure admiflion. 

x^.ToLzTof. To difchjfge. Szirf\ 
16. To Let 
hire or farm. 



J7. To Let. ^[Itt^in, Saxon.] To bin- LE'VEL. tf. [laepal, Saxon»] 

der ; to oblirua"; tooppofe. Dryden. 

38. To Let, when it fignifies to permit or 

le.v;, has let in the preterite and part, paf- 

five ; but when it fignifies to hinder, it has 

ietled. Introduci-on to Grammar. 

To LET. v.n. To forbear j to withold 

himfelf. ■ , Bacon, 

LET. /. [from the verb.] Hindrance j ob- 

ilacle j obftru£lion ; impediment. Hooker. 

Let, the termination of diminutive words, 

frora lyte, Saxon, little, /mail. 
LETHARGL€K. a. [lethargique,¥rtnch.'\ 

Sleep)', beyond the natural power of fleep. 


LETHA'RGICKNESS./. [from Lthargick.] 

Sleepinefs j drowfinefs. Herbert. 

LE'THARGY. /. [Xn^A^yU.} A morbid 

drowfinefs ; a fleep from which one cannot 

be kept av/ake. Atttrhury, 

LETHARGIED. a. [from the noun.] Laid 

afleep j entranced. Sbakejpeare, 

LE'THE. /. [K»&r.] Oblivion ; a draught 

oF oblivion. ii bake/pear e. 

LE'TTER. /. [from let.] 

1. One who lets or permits. 

2. One who h'nders. 

3. Oce who gives vent to any thing: as, a 
blood letter, 

LE'TTER. /. [lettre, French-] 

I. One of the elements of fyllables. 

a. A written meffage j an cpiftle. Abbot, 

3. The literal or exprefled meaning. 


4. Lerr^rf without the fingular : learning. 


5. Any thing to be read. Addifon, 

6. Type with which books are printed. 

To LE'TTER. v. a. \Jxom letter.'] To ftamp 

with letters. Addifon. 

LE'TTERED. a. [from letter,] Literate ; 

educated to learning. Collier, 

LE'TTUCE. /. [loEiuca, Latin.] A plant. 
LEVANT, a. [k-jant, Freach.] Eaftern. 

Mi lion. 
LEVA'NT, /. The eaft, particularly thufe 

coafls of the Mediterranean eaft of Italy. 
LEf^A'TOR. f. [Litin.] A chirurgical in- 

ftrumcnt, whereby deprefled parts of the 

fkull are lifted up. PFifmati, 


itiatick.] Palenefs, with vifcid juices and LE'VERET. /. [It 

cold fweatings. Arbuthnot, 

LEUCO PHLEGM A' TICK. a. [xsvks,- and 

i^Xiyixu.] Having Tuch a conftitution of 

body where the blood is of a pale colour, 

vifcid, and coH. S^incy, 

LE'^EE. f. [French.] 

J. The time of rifing. 

2, Theconcourfeof thofe who croud round 

a man of power in a morning. Dr^den, 

1. Even J not having one part higher than 
another. Bentley, 

2. Even with any thing elfe } in the fame 
line with any thing. Til'ntfon. 

ToLE'VEL. -v. a. [from the adj eft ive.] 

1 . To make even j to free from inequa- 

2. To reduce to the fame height with 
fomething elfe. D>yden, 

3. To lay flat. 

4. To bring to equality of condition. 

5. To point in taking aim j to aim. Dryd. 

6. To dired to any end. Sivift, 
To LEVEL, n;. n. 

1. To aim at j to bring the gun or arrow 
to the fame direftion with the mark. 

1. To conjedture j to attempt to guefs. 


3. To bein the famediredlionwith amark. 

4. To make attempts; to aim. Sbakefp, 
LE'VEL. /. [from the adjeaive.] 

1, A plane-j a furfacc without protube- 
rances or inequalitie?. iiandys. 
a. Rate; ftandard. Sidney. 

3. A ftate of equality. Atterbury, 

4. An inflrument whereby mafons adjuft 
their work. Moxcn, 

5. Rule: borrowed from the mechanirk 
level. Prior. 

6. The line of direflion in which any mif- 
five weapon is airned. Waller, 

7. The line in which the fight pafTes. 


LE'VELLER. /. [from le-veL] 

T. One who makes any thing even. 

2. One who deftroys fuperiority ; one who 
endeavours to bring all to the fameftate. 

LE'VELNESS. /. [from level.] 

1. Evennefs; equality of furface. 

2. Equality with fomething elfe, 

LE'VEN. /. [levain, French.] 

1. Ferment J that which being mixed in 
bread makes it itfe and ferment. 

2. Any thing capable of changing the na- 
ture of a greater mafs; iVifemav, 

LE'VER. /. {le-vier, French.] TheVecond 

mechanical power, ufed to elevate or raife 

a great weight. Harris, 

''ei'vre, French.] A young 

hare. Waller. 

LEVE'T, /. [from lever, French.] A blaft 
on the trumpet. Hudibras, 

LE'VEROOK. /. [lap'jte, Saxon.] Tliis 
word is retained in Scotland, and denotes 

the lark. 

be levied. 

a, [from U-jy,] 


That may 




L I A 

LEyVATHAN. J. [TrvV.] A water animal 
memioned in the book ot yob. By fome 
imagined the crocodijf, but in poetry gene- 
rdJly raken for the whale. Tbomfon. 

To LE'VIGATE. -v. a. [la-vigo, Latin.} 
i. To rubor grind. 

2. To mix tiii the U4Uor becomes fmooth 
and uniform. Arbutbi.ct. 

LtVIGA'TlON. /. \ixQVC\U-vlgale,^ Levi, 
gallon is the reducing of bard bodies into 
a fubtile powder, by grinding upon marble 
withamuUsr. S^uincy, 

LE'VITE. /. llcvita, L'ltin.] 

1. One of the tribe of Levi ; one born to 
the office of priefthood j among the Jsws. 

2. A prieft : ufed in contempt. 
LEVrriCAL. a. [iiam livite .'I Belonging 

to the levites. Ayliffe, 

LE ViTY. /. [It-v-taiy Latin.] 

1. Lightnefs J not heavinefs. [Bertley. 

2. Inconftancy j changeablenefs. Hjoker, 

3. Unfteadinefs ; laxity of msnd. Milton, 

4. Idie pieafure ; vanity. Calamy. 

5. Trifling gaiety ; want of ferioufaefs. 

Shakcjfuare. Ciarenion, 
To LE'VY. v. a. [le-ver, French.] 

1. To raife J to bring together men. - 


2. To raife money. Clartndon. 

3. To make war. Milton. 
LEVY. /. [from the ve.b.] 

I. The z€t of raifing money or iren. 

%. Warraifed. Shakefpeare. 

LEWD. a. [Ispede, Sixon.] 

1. Lay J not clerical. Davtn, 

2. Wicked i bid ; naughty. fVhi'gi/e. 

3. Luftful J libidinous. Sbakefpeare. 
LEWDLY, a. [from /eud.1 

1. Wickedly; naughtily. Sbakefpeare. 

2. Libidin' ufly ; luftfully. Dryden, 
Lt'WDNESS. /. lUomUivd.] Luftful li- 

ccntjoufnefs. Dryden. 

LE'WDSTER. /. [from /fw^.] A lecher ; 
one given ro criminal pleadires. Sbakejp. 

lE'WISD'OR. f. [French.] A golden 
French coin, in value twelve livres, now 
fetrl-H at feventeen Hiillirigs. Di3. 

LEXICO'GRAHHER. /. [xs^.x^v and y^*- 
«f>»,] A writer of dictionaries j a harm- 
left drudge. JVartf. 

LEXICO'Gi<APHY. /. [Xs^ikiv and :^j-a>«.] 
The art or practice of writing didlionaries. 

LE'XICON. /. [xs^^xiy.] A didtionary. 

Milt an. 

LEY. /. Ley, Ice, hy^ are all from the 
Saxon lesj, a field. Gtbfor, 

Ll'ABLE. /. [licblf, frcm /jVr, old French.] 
Onnoxious; not exempt j fubjeft. Milton. 

LI'aR. /. [from lie ] One who tells talf- 
hood ; one who wants veracity. Skakeff. 

LI'ARD. a. Mingled roan. Marktam, 


LIBA'TION. /. [bbatic, Latin.] 

1. The aft of pwuring wine on the ground 
in honour of fome deity. Bscon, 

2. The wine fo poured. Stil'i''gJI:et, 
LI'BBARD. /. [iiebard, German 5 leopirdus, 

L^tin] A leopard. Brireivad^ 

LI'BEL. /. [libJlus, Latin.] 

1. A fa I ire J defamatory writing; a lam- 
poon. Ddijy of Piety. 

2. [In the civil law.] A declaration or 
charge in writing againll a pcrfon in court. 

To LIBEL, v.n. [from the noun.] To 
fpread defamation j generally written or 
printed. Donne. 

To LI'BEL. V. a. To fatirife j to lampoon. 


LI'BELLER. /. [from WW.] Adefamerby 
writing ; a lampooner. Dryden. 

LI'BELLOUS. /. [from.Wf/.] Defamatory. 


LI'BERAL. a. [/iberalis, Latin.] 

1. Not mean; not low in birth. 

2. Becoming a gentleman, 

3. Munificent; generous; bountiful. 


LIEERA'LITY. /. [liberaitat, Lat. liijra- 

/.7/, French.] Munificence; bounty; ge- 

nerofi'v. Hhakefpeare, 

LIBERA'LLY. ad. [from Vberal,'] Boun- 

teouflv ; bountifully ; largelv. "Jama, 

LI'BERTINE. /. [libertin^ French.] 

I. One unconfined ; one at liberty. 

z. One who lives without reftraint or law. 


3. Ore who pays no regard fo the precepts 
of religion. Shakejpeare. CUier, 

4. [ In law.] A freedman ; or rather, the 
the fon of a freedman. . Ay-ltffe. 

LI BERTINE. a. [Iibertin, French.] Licen- 
tious ; irreligious. Sivift, 

LI'BERTINISM. /. [from ihertine.-\ Irre- 
ligion ; licentioufnefs of opinions and 
praftice. Aiterbury. 

LI BERT Y. /. ll'berte', French ; libertas, 

1. Freedom as oppofed to flavery, Adaifon. 

2. Freedom as oppoffd to neceflity, Lo^ke. 

3. Privilege ; exemption ; immunity, 


4. Relaxation of re/lraint. 

5. Leave ; permiflion. Lode. 
LIBI'DINOUS. /. [iilidirofus, Lat.] Lewd 5 

luftful. Bend-y, 

LI3l'DlN0USLY. ci. [ftom Ibirinoia. } 

Lewdly ; lultfully. 
LI'BRAL. a, [hbralis, Latin.] Of a pound 

weghT. D ff. 

LIBRA'RIAN. /. [bbrarius, Latin.] Ore 

who has the care of a library. Brncme. 
LI'SRARY. /. Ihbraire, Fre.-ich.] A iirge 

cclledticn of tjQck'. Dryden. 

L I C 

ToLl'ERATE. -v. a. [Wro, Latin.] To 

poife J to balance. 
LI'BRATION. /. [lihratie, Latin.] 

1. Tlie iiate of being balanced. Thomfon. 

2. (In aftronomy.] Libration is the ba- 
lancing motion or trepidation in thefirnna- 
menr, whereby the declination of the fun, 
and the latitude of the ftars, change from 
timetotime. - Grew, 

LI'BRATORY. a. [from iiBro, Latin.] Bd- 

lancing j playing like a balance. 
LICE, ihf; plural of h"fe. Dryden, 

LI'CEBANE. /. [lice ditt^ bane. '\ A plant. 
LI'CENSE. /. [Iicentiay Latin.] 

1. ExoibicSnt libeny j contempt of legal 
and necefTary rellraint. Sidtny, 

2. A grant of permiffion. ^ddijon. 

3. Liberty 5 permiffion. ^'<5?f. 
To LICE'NSE. -v. a. [Ucencier^ French.] 

3. To fet at liberty. Pl^otton. 

z. To permit by a legal grant. Pope. 

LI'C&NSER. /. tfrom lice/jfe.] A granter 

of permifTion. 
LICE'NTIATE. /. Ikentiatus, low Latin.] 

1. A man who ufes licenfe. Camden, 

2. A degree in Spanifli univerfities. 

To LI'CENTIATE. v. a. [Hcentier, Fr. ] 
To permit j to encourage by licenfe. 

VEJi range, 

LICE'NTIOUS. /. [li'centiofus, Latin.] 
J, Unreftrained by law or morality. 

1. Prefumptiinns ; unconfined. Rofcotmi. 

LICE'NTIOUSLY. ad. lUon^ licenlious. ] 
With too much iibertv. 

LICE'NTIOUSNESS. /. [from Ice fitious,] 
Bjundlefs liberty j contempt of jull re- 
ftiaint. " ii'U'ifc, 

LICH. /. [lice, Saxon.] A dead carcafe ; 
whence lichivake, the time or aft of watch- 
ing by the dead ; lichgate^ the gate through 
which the dead are carried to the grave ; 
Liilfiild, the held of the dead, a city in 
Staffordniire, fo named from martyred 

Ll'CHOWL. /. [llch and ow/.] A fort of 

To LICK.'i/. <z. [licean, Saxon.] 

1. To pafs over with the tongue. Addison. 
a. To lap J to take in by the tongue. 

3. TeLicK up. To devour. Pope. 

LICK., y. [from the verb ] A blow ; rough 

ufjge. DrydetJ. 

LrCKERlSH. 7 a. [hccejia, a glutton, 
LFCKEROUS. $ Saxon.] 

1. Nice in the choice of food ; fqueamifh. 


2. E3ger^ greedy. Sidney, 

3. Nice} delicate J tempting the appetite. 



LFCKERISKNESS. /. [ from Ikkerijh. ] 

Nicenefs of palate, 
LI'CORICE. /. [%Ko,/V/j, Italian.] A root 

of fweet tafte. 
LIC'TOR.f. [Latin.] A beadle. 
LID. [hhb, Saxon.] 

1. A cover; any thing that (huts down 
ovir a veffel. Mdtjon. 

2. The membrane that, when we fleep or 
wink, is drawn over the eye. 

Crajhatv. Prior, 
LIE. fi [//(>, French.] Any thing impreg- 
nated with fome other body j as, foap or 
fait. Peach urn, 

LIE. /. [Ijje, Saxon.] 

1. A crimmal fallhood. Watts, 

2. A charge of falfliood, Locke, 

3. A fiction. Dryden. 
To LIE. V. V. [leojan, Saxon.] To utter 

criminal falfhood. Shakefpeare, 

To LIE. nj. V. prer, I ^ay ; 1 ha-ve lain or 
Her,, [liejan, Saxon } Hgg^") Dutch.] 

1. To relt horizontally, or with very great 
inclination againft foniething eife. 

2. To refl 3 to lean upon. 

Epitaph on Vanhrugh, 

3. To be repofited in the grave. Genejit. 

4. To be ill a ftate of decumbitur^. Mark, 

5. To pafs the time of fleep. Dryden,. 

6. To be laid up or repofited. Boyle, 

7. To remain fixed. Temple^ 

8 . To refide. Genejis, 

9. To be placed or fituated. Collier, 

10. To prefs upon. Creech, 

11. To be troublelome or tedious. Addifon. 

12. To be judicially fixed. Shakefpeare, 

13. To be in anv particular flate. Watts, 

14. To be in a ilate of concealment. 


15. To be id prifon. Shakefpeare. 

16. To be in a bad ftate. L^ Efirange, 

17. To be in a helplefs or expofed ffate. 

iS. To confiff. Sbakfpeare. 

J 9. To be in the power ; to belong 'to. 


20. To be charged in any thing j as, an 
action lieth sgainft one. , 

21. To coft ; as, it i/Vj me in more money. 

22. To Lie at. To importune; to teaze, 
"23. To Lie by. To reft ; to remain ftill. 


24. To Lie doivn. To reft j to go into a 
flate of repofe. Ifaiab, 

25. lohxzdoiun. To fink into the grave. 


26. To Lie in. To be in childbed. 


27. To Lie inder. To be fubjeft to, 

Smal 'dge, 

28- To Lie upon. To become an obiiga-, 

tion or duty. Bently, 

29. To 

L I F 

29. To Liz ^.viib. To converfc in beJ. 

LIEF. a. [leop, Saxon j lief, Dutch.] Dear ; 

beioved, SftH,ir. 

LIEF. ad. Will n?Iv. Shak.'Jfeare. 

LIEGE, a. [ige, French.] 

1. B-jund by fome teudal tenure J fubjc£^. 

2. Sovereign. Spenjir, 
LIEGE. /. Sovereign; fuperior lord. 

LI'EGEMAN. /. [from an^nun.} ' A 

fubjed. . Spenfer. 

LI'EGER. /. [from liege.'] A refident am- 

bd/Tador. Dsnuum. 

LIEN, the participle of /<?. Getttjii. 

LIENTE'RICK. a, [from lier.tery,] Pe.- 

taining to a lientery. Grfiv, 

LI'ENTERY. /. [from Kucv, l^ve, fmooth, 

and ty7ip:v, inuj^inum.] A particular loofe. 

ncfs, wherein the food pafles fuddenly 

through the ftomach and guts. ^jncy. 

Ll'ER. /. [fromro//?.] One that reiis or 

Jics dcwn. 
LIEU. j. [French.] Place ; room. 

Hosktr. Addifon, 
LIEVE. ai. [See Lief.] W.Uingly. 

LIEUTE'NANCY. /. [lieutenance, French.] 

1. The ( ffice of a lieutenant. Sbakefp. 

2. Thf body of lieutenants. Ftlton. 
LIEUTE'NANT. /. [heuterant, French.] 

1. Adeputyj one who afts by vicarious 

2. In war, one who holds the ne^xtrank to 
a fuperiour of any denomination. 

CI Iter dor.. 
LIEUTE'NANTSHIP. / {Uomlisuter,ant.'\ 

The rank or office of lieutenant. 
LIFE,/, plural //T/fi. [Iipun, to live. Sax. ] 

1. Union and co-operation of foul with 
body. Gcnejis. 

2. Prefer.t ftate. Coivley. 

3. Enjoyment, or pcfTeflion of terreflnai 
exiftente. Prior. 

4. Blood, the fuppofed vehicle of life. 


5. Condu£l ; manner of living with re- 
fpe£t to virtue or vice. Pope. 

6. Condition ; manner of living with re- 
fpedl to happinefs and mifery. Dryden, 

7. Continuance of our prcfent ftate. Locke. 

8. The living form j refemblance exadly 
copied. Broivn. 

9. Exa£t refemblance. D^^bam. 

10. General ftate of man. Milan, 

11. Common occurrences J human affairs ; 
the couife of things. y^fcjjam. 
J 2. L'ving perfoa. Shakejpeare. 

1 3. Narrative cf a life pafl. Pope. 

14. Spirit J briflcncfs j vivacity ; refolution. 

25. Animated cxiftence j animal being. 


L I G 

LITEELOOD. /, [ l,fe and ILod. ] The 

bl-od necfffary to life. S^-e^ator. 

LI FEEVER LASTING. An herb." Ai^iv, 

Ll'FEGlVING. /. [IfeznAgi-ving.] Hav- 
ing the power to give life. Spenftr, 

LlFtGUA'RD. /. [life znA gujrd.] 'I he 
guard of a king's perlnn. 

LIIELESS. a. [from///-.] 

1. Dead J deprived of life. Dryden. Prior, 

2. Ufidn m«ted j void of life. Aliitor. 

3. WitJiLUt power, force, or fpirit. Pr'tr, 
LITELESLY. ad. (from //:/.• j.] Wrthout 

vii( ur J frigidly ; jejuneiy. 

LI'FELIKE. /. [UJe ana Ike.] Like a liv- 
ing perfon. Pcpe, 

LI'FESTx'lING. /. llifezT^6ftri»g.] Nerve? 
llrings imagined to cjnvev Jife. Daniel, 

Ll'x^ETIME. /. [life and'rznjf.] Contmu- 
ance (;r duration cf life. ^dJijov, 

LIFEWEARY. o. [///<. and itv^ry. ] 
Wretched j tired of living. Shahj'^tttre. 

To LIFT. -v. a. ■ [lyffta, Swediih.] ' 

1. To raife from the ground ; to he^^ve ? 
to elevate. » Dryden, 

2. To bear J tofupp.-rt. Not in ufe. 

Spcn er, 

3. To rob ; to plunder. Drydtr., 

4. To exalt J to eievate mentally. F'ipe. 

5. To raife in fortune. Ecduf, 

6. To raife in eftimation. Hooker, 

7. To exalt in dignity. - MdS^tu 

8. To eievate J to fvvejl with pride. 


9. Up is fometimes emphatically added to 
lift. 2 Samuel. 

To LIFT. •:'. r. To ftrive to raife by ftrength. 

LIFT./, [from the verb.] Theaftof lift- 
ing j the manner of lift ng. Bacon, 

2. I In Scottifh.] Tb.^fky. 

3. Elfeft; flrugg-le. Hudihrai, 
LI'FTER. /. [from lift.] One that lifts. 

To LIG. v.n. [%^t'«, Dutch.] To lie. 

LI'GAMENT. /. [ligamer.tum, from ligo^ 

J. Ligament li a white and foiid body, foftec 
than a cartilage, but harder than a mem- 
brane : their chief ufe is to faften the bones, 
which are articulated together for motioji, 
left they Ihould be di/located with exercife, 

2. Any thing which conneds the parts of 
the body, Ltr.bam, 

3. Bond; chain J entanglement. Addijoti. 
LIGAME'NTAL. 7 /. [from ligament.'\ 
LIGAME'NTOUS. \ Compofing a liga- 
ment. IFifeman. 

LIGA'TION. /. [ig^tio, Latin.] 

1. The adi of binding. 

2. The ftate of being bound. Addifon, 
U'GAXURE, /. yjgature, F«ncK] 

J. Any 

L I G 

X, Any thing bound on j bandage. 

a. The aft of binding. A<'buthnot, 

3. The ftate of being bound. Mo/timer. 
LIGHT. /. [leohz, Saxon.] 

I. That quality or aaion of the medium 
of fight by which we fee, Newton. 

z. llhimination of mind j inftru<^ion ; 
knowledge. Bacon. 

3. The part of a pifture which is drawn 
with bright colours, or in which the light 
is fuppofed to fall. Dryden. 

4. Reach of knowledge ; mental view. 


5. Point of view; fituation j direftion in 
■which the light fallf . Addtjon. 

6. Explanation, Locke. 

7. Any thing that gives light ; a pharos ; 
a taper. Glanville, 

LIGHT, a. [lech?, S^xon.] 

I. Not tending to the center with great 
force ; not heavy. Addijon. 

a. Not burdenfbnDC 5 eafy to be worn, or 
carried. Bacon. 

3. Noi affliiftive j eafy to be endured. 


4. Eafy to be performed j not difficult j ' 
not valuable. Dryden. 

5. iiify to be a£led on by any power. 


6. Not heavily armed. Knol/es. 

7. Adive; nimble. Spsrfer. 

8. Unencumbered ; unembarrafTed ; clear 
of impediments. Bacon. 

9. Slight J not great. Boyle. 
JO. Not crals 5 not grcfs. Numbers. 
31. Eafy to admit any influence ; unfteady J 
vnfettled, ShaL/peare, 

12. Gay; airy; without dignity or fo!i- 
djty. Sbakejpcare, 

13. Not chafte ; not regular in condutSl. 

24. [From light, /. ] Bright ; clear. 

15. Not dark ; tending to whitenefs, 

LIGHT, ad. Lightly ; cheaply. Hooker, 
To LIGHT. ■».. a. [fum light, /.] 

1. To kmdle j to inflame ; to let on fire. 

Z. To give light to j to guide by light. 


3, To illuminate, Dryden. 

4. To lighten j to eafe of a burthen. 

To LIGHT. V. n. [//f/^^ by chance, Dutch.] 
J. To happen } to fall upon by chance. 

2. f Alijhtan, Saxon.] To defcend from 
a horfe or carriage. 2 Kings. 

3. To fall in any particular direftion. 


4. To fail i to flrike on. S^enjer, 

L I G 

5. To fettle J to reft. Shah^peari, 

ToLI'GHTEN. -v. r,. [Ut, Ijsr, Saxon.] 
I. To fla/h, with thunder. Shakefpeare, 
7.. To fhine like lightening. Shakefpeare, 
3. To fall or light, [from light.] 

Commo:* Prayer, 
ToLI'GHTEN. -v. a. [bom hght.] 

1. To illuminate ; to enlighten. Datieu 

2. To exonerate j to unload. Jon_. 

3. To inake If fs heavy. Milton, 

4. To exhilarate ; to cheer. Dryden, 
LI'GHTEK. /. [from light, to make hgb'.^ 

A heavy boat into which ihips arehghtened 

or unloaded. Pope, 

LI'GHTERMAN. /. [lighter and man.] One 

who manages a lighter. Ch:ld. 

LIGHTFI'NGERED. a. [light ^n^ finger.] 

Nimble at conveyance ; thievifh. 
LI'GHTFOOT. a. [light znA foot,] Nimble 

in running or dancingj a6live. Spenjer, 
LIGHTFO'OT. /. Venifon. 
LIGHTHE'ADED. a..[l'-ght and head.] 

I. Unlieady j loole ; thoughdefs ; weak. 

z. Delirious; difordered in the mind by 

LIGHTHE'ADEDNES5. /. Delirioufnefs ; 

djforder of the rrind. 
LIGHTHE'ARTED. a. [light and heart.] 

Gay ; merry, 
LIGHTHO'USE. /. [light zni houfe.] An 

high building, at the top of which lights 

are hung to guide fhips at fea. Arbuthnot, 
LIGHTLE'GGED. a. [light and %. ] 

Nimble; fwift. Sidney. 

LI'GHTLESS. a. [from light.] Wanting 

light ; dark. 
LI'GHTLY. ad. [(torn Ight.] 

1. Without weight. Ben, yohnjon, 

2. Without deep impre/Tion. Prior, 

3. Eafily ; readily; without difficulty; 
ofcourfe. Hooker. 

4. Without reafon. Taylor, 

5. Without afHi£t:on ; cheerfully. 


6. Not chaftely. Sivift. 

7. Nimbly; with agility; not heavily or 
tardily. D'yden, 

8. Gaily ; airily ; with levity. 
LIGHTMI'NDED, a. [light and mind.] 

Unfettied ; unfteady. Eccl. 

LI'GHTNESS, /. [from light.] 

1. Levity ; want of weight, Burnet, 

2. Inconftancy ; unfteadinefs. Sbakefp, 

3. Unchaftityj wantofcondu£\ in women, 


4. Agility ; nimblenefs. 
LI'GHTNING. /. [from lighten.] 

1. The flalh that attends tliunder. Davies. 

1. Mitigation ; abatement, Addifov, 

LIGHTS. /. The lungs; the organs of 

breathing. Hayivard, 

LIGHTSOME, a, [from light.] 

I, Luoii" 

L I K 

2. Luminous} not dark j not cSfcure ; 

not opalce. RjUigh. 

2. Gay J airy J having the power to ex- 
hilarate. Soi^tb. 
LIGHTSOMENESS. /. [from light Jome.] 

I. Liminoufnefs ; not opacity j not ob- 


1. Cfxrerfulnefs j merriment ; levity. 
LIGNa'LOES. /. [Jignuma/i3cs,Linn.] A- 

Joe"? w^od. Numbers. 

LI'GNEOUS. a. [AVn^-ui, Latin.] Mac^e of 

ot wood f wooden 3 relcmbiing wood. 

B.uon. Greia. 
L'lGNUMn-TAL. f. [Latin.] Guiacumj 

a very hard wood. MiUer, 

LI'CUKE. '. A precious ftone. E-x-id. 

LIKE. a. [lie, Saxon j Ink, Dutch.] 

1. Refeaiblingj having refemblance. 


2. Equal J of the fame quantity. SpraCt, 

3. [Fur liktlj.l Probable J credible. 


4. Likely J in a ftate that give* probable 
ex'.iedations. CUrtnaon,- 


I. Some perfon or thing refemblipg ano- 
ther. Shakespeare. 
2 Niar approach j a flate like 10 anorher 
ibtc. Raleigb, 

LIKE. a<1, 

1. In the fame manner ; in the fame man- 
ner as. Sfejer. Phil'ps. 
a. In fuch a manner as bencs. i Sam, 
3. L'keiy j probably. Shak^Jpeare, 

ToLlKE. T'. a. [licjn, Saxon.] 

1. To chufe With lome degree of prefer- 
ence. Clunndon, 

2. To approve ; to view with approbation. 


3. To uleafe ; to be agreeable to. Bucon. 
To LIK'^. 1/. «. 

1. '1' J be pleafed with. Hooker, 

2. T ' I hul's ; t" lilt i to be pleafed. L'.cke. 
LI'KELIHOOD. /. [from LkJy J 

1. Apaeai-tntej flicw. Shakifpeare. 

2. Refeii.oiance i Iikcnefs. Ooloitte. 

3. Probability j verifimililude} appcaxance 
of truth. ' Uooiir. 

Ll'KELY. a. [from I'ke.] 

1. Such as may be iiktd ; fuch as may 
pieafe. Sh^Jtiefptfare. 

2. Probable; fuch as may i.i ;eai"on te 
thought or believed. 

LlrlELV. ad. P.ooably; as mjy reafon- 

at/ly Oe thought. Cljr.iilU. 

To LIKEN', -v. a. [ffom //4<f.] To repre- 

f-iit IS havipg reremblan<.e. MJion, 

LIKENESS /. [fromlik^.} 

1. Refenibiinte j fifnilitude. DydeJi, 

■Z. Fwrm J h' Ejir^nge, 

3. v\hc referr.blea anothci. tuor. 

L I M 

Lr'KEVVI'^.E. ad. [Lke and tuife.] In like 
ni^nnerj alfo j moreover; too. Arbutb, 

LIKING, a. Plump j in a ftate of plump- 
nefs. Daniel. 

LI'KINC. /. [from Wf.] 

1. Gaod ilatc of body; plumpnef*. 

Shakespeare, Dryden» 

2. State of triuL 

3- loclinaiion. Spen{er. 

LI LACH. /. [niac, liUs, French.] A tree. 

■ Bmotj, 
LI'LIED. a. [from lily.] Embelliflied with 

1'1'cs. , Miltoti, 

LI'LY. /. [liliumy Larin.] A flower. 

LILY.DAFFODIL. /. [U,o.rarciJ/us.] A 

foreign flower. 
LILY of the l^allry, or May HI;, f. Miller, 
LILYLI'VERED. g. [lily and Iver.] White- 

Jivered ; c-wardly. Sbakejpeare. 

LrMATUilE. /. [limatura, Latin.] Fil- 

inf.s "f any metal j the particles rubbed 

off by a file. 
LIM3. /. [Iim, Saxon.] 

1. A member j jointed or articulated part 
of animals. Mihon, 

2. An edge ; a border, Neivion, 
To LIMB. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. 'J'o fjpply limbs. Milton, 

2. To tear aiunder; todifmember. 

LI MBECK. /. [ corrupted from alem- j A ftili. Fairfax. Hoivell. 

■ LI'MBED. a. [from Imb.l Formed with 

regir.^ to iimbs. Pope, 

LI'MBER. a. Flexible} eafily bent; pli- 
ant; J) the. Ray, Hatvey. 

LI'MBERNESS. /. [from !imbir.\ 
litv ; pliincv. 

LI'MBO. /. 

1. A region bordering upon hell, in whxh 
there is nr ithcr pleafure nor pain. Sbaitjp, 

2. Any place of mifery and rcftraint. 

LIME. /. [li:;n. Saxon ] 

X. A vifcous fubftancc Jrawn over twigy- 
which catches and entangles the wirjgs of 
bi.ds that light' upon it, ~ Dryd^n. 

2. Matter K)i which mortar ism-.dc: fo 
called becaufe ufcd in cement. Bacon. 

3. fLii."i>, Saxon, j The linden tree. Popc» 

4. A fpecies of lemon, \lime, French.] 

To LIME. v. a. [fiom lime.'\ 

1. Tvi e.itaii^ie ; to enmirc. Sbakefp, 

2. To i.r.ear Willi lime. VEjlionge, 

3. Tj cemcn'. hb^kipiare, 

4. 1 . manutc gound with Jimc. did. 
LI'MEKILN. /. [iWandi/.^.J Kilnwhtre jre burnt to lime. tyoidiJa'd. 

LI'MESTONE. /. [titr.e sndji^ne.] The 
ftone r.f vvnicli Jinie is ir)<*<le. Mortimer, 

LIME-WATER. /. Ic is made by pour- 
ing wjtc-r upon >i>^k inxiC. '^V /. 
4 D ' LI Mil'. 

L I N 

L I N 

tVMlT. f. [/;«>', French.] Boun^ ; bir- 
d-r; utmoll reacl), Exodui, 

To lA'MlT. V. a. [from the noun.] 
I. To confine with certain bounds j to re- 

train ; to circumfcribe. 


plural.] A letter ; as, I 

2. To reftrainfrotn a lax or general (jgni 
ficafionj as, the univerfe is here limited 
to this earth. 

tlMITARY. a. [from limit.] Placed at 
the boundaries as a guard or fupennten- 
dant. Milton, 

LIMITA'TION. /. [limitatioi, French.] 
J. Refiriflion } circumkription. Hooker, 
a. C >nfinf m.'nt fronti a lax or undetermi- 
nate import. Hock.'r, 

LI'MMHR. /. A mongrel. 

To LIMN. v.a. [enlummer, Trench.'j To 
d^.j**-; topaintany thing. Feacbam. 

LIMNER. /, [corrupted from cnli'tftiTieur.] 
A paii;ter j a pidture-mskcr. Glam-iU,:. 

Ll'iViOUS. a. [li^nojus, Laiia] Muddy; 
flimy. Brcuj'U 

LIMP. a. li.'m/^io, Italian,] Vapid ; weak. 

To LIMP. V. V. [limpen, Saxon.] To halt ; 
to walk lamely. Prior. 

LPMPET. /. A kind of ihell fidi. 


LI'MPID. a. [limpidut, Lat.] Clear ; pure ; 

tranfparent. J'Fcodii.'ard. 

LI'MPIDNESS. /. [from limpid.] Cicar- 

ntl; } purity. 
LI'MPI NGLY. ad. [from limp.] In a lame 

halting manner. 
LI'MV. «. [ixomlitn^.] 

1. Vifcous J glutinous, 

2. Containing lime. 
To LIN. v.Ti. [ablinnan, Saxon.] 

to give over. 
LI'NCHPIN. /. [linch and -pir:,] 

pin that keeps the wheel on the axle-tree. 
LI'NCTUS. /. [from lingo, Latin.] Medi- 

cine licked up by the tongue. 
Ll'NDEN. /. [lint?, Saxon.] 

LINE. /. [linea, Latin.] 

J. Longitudinal cxtenfion, 

2. A (lender ftring. 

3. A thread extended to diredt any opera- 
tions. Drydcn. 

■4. The ftring that fuflains the ajigler's 
hook. ir^lur. 

■ 5. Lineamenty, or marks in the luiid or 
face. C/ej'oe:and, 
6. Delineation ; ficetch. TcmfL, 

■ 7. Contour 5 out] ne. Fcpe. 

8. As much as is w;itten from one m-r- 
gin to ihe other j a vcr!e. Garth. 

9. Rank. 

10. Work thrown up ; trench. Drydcn. 
J I, Method J drTpolition. iibak:heare. 
J2. Extenlion ; limit. Milton. 
rj. EQuatOi- 3 euji:jo^;al cii-cle. Cuil. 

■ Spfnfer. 


To (top J 

An iro.i 

The lime 


J 4.. Trcgfiiyj fimily, al'tendlng or dc- 
fccnling. Hbakefpeare, 

15. A line is one tenth of an inch. Locke, 

16. fin the 
read your line 

17. Lint or liax. 
To LINE. V. a. 

1. To cover on the infide. Hcyle, 

a. To put any thing in the infide. Ca'civ, 

3. To guard within. Clarendon, 

4. To ftrcngihea by inner works. > 

5. To cover. Slahfpeare. 

6. To double; to Rren^xhtn. thakejpeare, 

7. To impregnate, applied to animals ge- 
nerating. Creab. 

LI'NEaGE. /. I'ina^e, French.] Race ; 
progeny; family. Luke, 

LI NEAL. a. [Unealis, Lat.] 

I. Compoled of lines j delineated, 

s. Defcending* in a dired genealogy. 


3. Claimed by defcent, Siaktfpeare. 

4. Allied by dired defcent. Drydcn. 
Ll'WEALLY. - ad. [from, lined] In a di- 
red line. Clarendon. 

LI'NEAMENT. /. [lineament^ Fr,.] Fea- 
ture ; difcriminating mark in the form. 


LI'NEAR, a. [linearis^ Latin.] Compofed 
of lines ; having the form of lines. 


LINEA'TION. /. [ lineatio, from Unea. ] 
Draught of a line or lines. IVoodivard. 

LINEN. /. [linuvtf Latin.] Cloth made 
of hemp or flax. Dryder., 

LI'NEN. a, [Uncus, Lnin.] 

I. Made of linen, Sbukcfpeare. 

a. Refemblir.g linen. Sbak fpeare. 

LINENDRA'PER. /. [liner, iad draper.] 
He who deals in l.nen. 

LING. /. {ling, Ula.idick.] 

1. Heath. Bacon, 

2. [Litigbe^ Dutch,] A kind of fea fi(h. 


LING. The termiiiation notes comniunly 

diivjinution ; as, kicVn^; fomciimes a qua- 
lity ; as, fii^hng. 
To LI'NGER. V. n. [from leng, Saxon.] 

1. To remain long in laneuor and pain. 


2. Tohtfitate; to be in fufpenfe. Milton. 

3. To remain long. Dryden. 
4 To remain long without any action or 
determination, Sbakelpeare, 

5. Ta wait lung in expedation 01 uncer- 
tainty. Dryden, 

6. To be long in producing effed. 


Tj LPx'^GER. v. a. ; To protrdd ; to dravy 

oUC to IC'lgtb. O^t of ufc, tihakefpeare, 



L I N 

LI'NGEIIER. /. [from UPgrr.] One who 

LlTsGERINGLV. a. [ from lingering. ] 

Wirh delay j tedicuilv. llaU. 

LI'NGET. /. [::r,gyt,'2xtnzA.] A fm:,!! 

mih of meta), Cimder. 

LI'NGO. J. [ P,;rtJ2uere. ] L-'nguage ; 

tongue ; I'pecch. Corgrcve. 

LINGUA CIOUS. a. [Urguax, Latin, J Full 

ot ti pgiic ; ta'kitive. 
LlNGlJADENfAL. a. [!ir>gua znA dtn, 

Latin.] Urtered by the joint a£lion of 

th? tongue and tech. tloldtr. 

LlNGUISr. f. [from lingua,] A man 

fkiifui in langujges, Miltofi. 

LING WORT. f. An herb. 
LI'NliVreNT. /. [//>:/W«^, French J //«/- 

men turn. La.] Ointment J balfam. Ray. 
LI'NING. /. [from line.] 

1. The inner ccvenng of any thing. 


1. That which is within. Skakef^care, 
LINK. /. [gcUr.cke, Germnn.] 

1. A fingie ring of a chj-n. Prior, 

2. Any thing doubled and dcfed together. 

3. A chain j any thing conneifting. 

'4. Any fingie part of a feries or chain of 
confequences. tla!e. 

5. A torch made of pitch and hards. 

To LINK. t/. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To complicate } s:, the links nf a 
chain. Minn. 

2. To unite j to conjoin in concord. 

/S^. » Shuk'.fpeare. 

3. To join. ^ V, . 

4. To join by confederacy or contract. 


5. To conne£^. ^ » Tiilorfon, 

6. To unite or concatenate in a regular fe- 
ries of confequences. Hook:". 

LI'NKBOV. /. llink and %.] A boy that 
carries a torch to accommodate pallengers 
with i:ght. More. 

LI'NNET. /. liir.ot, French.] A fmall 
finging bird. P^'/f. 

LINSt'ED. y. {femenlivi,Ux:\r\.] The 

feed of flax. Mortimer. 

_| L?N?>EYWOOLSEY. a. [//«f« and woe/. ] 

' Made of Ji;]e.'i and wool mixed; viJe ; 

mean. Pope. 

LI'NSTOCK. /. [ /f/;/.-, Teutcnick. ] A 
ftiff of wood with a match at the end of 
it, ufcd by gunners ih firing cannon. 


LINT, /. \linteum, Latin,] 

1. Tne foft fubftance commonly called 

2. Linen fcraped into foft wociJy fubftance 
to lay on fores. " Wtjeman, 

LINTEL, /. \JirAcal^ French.] That pan 

L I Q^ 


LION'S. FAW ( f. 



of the door frame that lies crofj the door 
pi.'li over head. Pw//*- 

LI'ON. /. Hr,r, F.-erich.] The ficrceft and 
moit masnanimoui of tourfnoted hearts. 


LI ONESS. j. [ feminine of li'.n. ] A <he 

.'i^^- Dr^ien, 

LIONLEAF. /. [leort'pcta^on^ Latin.] A 


[from -V'.n.l The 
The name of jn herb, 
LIP. '. [lippe, Saxon.] 

1. The outer part of the month, the m\if- 
cIps that fhool bcycnd the teeth. Sandys. 

2. The edge of any thing. Bumet, 
1- To make a lip ; to hang the lip in ful- 
k-nnefs and contempt. ^•hakrfpeare. 

To LIP. -v. a. [from the noun.] To k;fs. 

ObtbiP'e. Sbakiffesrc, 

LIFf.A'BOUR. /. [lipznMabour] A^ica 

of »he lips Without concurrence of the 

minrl. Taylor, 

LlPOrHVM0U.«. a. [Xai'ra and hiy.k.] 

S'.voonmg ; fainting. Har-vey. 

LIPOTHYMY,/. [xnTo.Vi':t.] Sw,onj 

fainting fir, Taylor, 

LIPPED, tf. [from //>.] Having lipc. 
LI'PFITODE. /. [Iippitude, Fr. Jipjifudo, 

Lztiri.] Bleaiednefi of eyts. Bacon, 

LI'PWISDOM. /. [//> andTt'./Jsw.] V/if. 

dom iii talk withouc pradice. Sidtuy. 

Ll'^LTABLE. a. [from //^wo, Latin.] Such 

a« rrny be melted, 
LIQLr.VnON. /. [f/om !iq::o, Latin.] 

1. The art of melting* 

2. Cnnicity to be melte.-'. 

To Ll'OyATE. T-. n. [1,^,0, L^tln.] To 

melt ; to liquefy^ IVoowwurd, 

LIQUEF ACTION. [UquefaSiio, L<t.] The 

att of melting 5 the ftate of being melted. 

LroyEFI.ABEE. a. [from 'ii^ffy.] Suth 

as may be melted. Bacon, 

To LIQUEFY, -v. a. [ Uqueficr^ French. ] 

To melt } to diiFolve, B^con, 

To LI'OyEFY. y. V. To grow limpid. 


LIQUE'SCENCY. /. [liqutfrcrtia, Utin,] 

A.^n^fs «■<) mt^lt. 
LIQUE SCENT./. [Hqu.'fsini, LaiIn.]Mrlt. 

ii e. 
LrOyiD. a. [liquidt, French.] 

). N'oc f.iiid ; nut forming one continuouj 

fuofbncc j fluid. Daniil, 

2. S'^ft ; clear. Cmjha'u', 

3. Pronounced without any j.if or h.irfii. 



4. Diifjlved, fo as not to be obtainable by 
law. ^yi'ff, 

LIQUID. /. Liquid fubflance ; lupur. 

4 Dz To 

L I T 

L I T 

To LI'QUIDATE. -v. a. [Uom lit^uid.] To 

clear away ; to leHen debts. 
LIOyi'DlTY. /. [frum liquid,] Subtil ty. 
LroyiDNESS. /. [fiom liquid.] Quality 

of being liquid ; fluency. Boyle. 

LI'OyOR. /. [liquor^ Latin.] 

1. Any thing liqu'd. South. 

a. Strong drink j in familiar language. 
To LI'QUOR. V. a. [from the noun.] To LlTERA'Tl. j. 

drench or moiften. Bacon. 

LIRICO'NFANCY. /. A flower. 
LISNE. /. A cavity ; a hollow. Hak. 

ToLISP. f. M. [hlij-p, S5xon.] To fpeak 

with too frequent appulfes of the tongue 

to the teeth or palate. Cla-velaml. 

LISP. /. [from the verb.] The ad of lifp- 

ing. Tatler. 

Ll'SPER. /• [from ////'.] One who lifps. 
LIST./, [lifte, French.] 

J. A roll} a cat<*Iogue, 

2.. [Lice, French.] 

•\vhjch tilts are run. 

Inclofed ground in 
and combats fought. 

3. Defire ; willingnefs j choice. D'yden. 

4. A rtrip of cloth. ' Boyle 

5. A border. hcoker. 
To LIST. -v. n. [lyptm, Saxon.] To chufe ; 

to fle'.ie ; to be dilp iled. Wlsitgrft. 

To LIST, -v. a. [from 7/7?, a roll.] 

1. To enlift ; to enrol or regifler. South. 

2. To retain and enrnl foldiers. Temple, 

3. To enclofe for combats. Drydcn. 

4. To few together, in fuch a fort as to 
make a particoloured Hiew. Wottor, 

5. To hearken to ; to liften ; to attend. 

Shakefpeare. Ben, yainfoti, 

LI'STED. a. Stri'ped j particoloured i.t long 

ftreaks. Mil:on, 

To Ll'STEN. V. a. To hear ; to attend. 


To Ll'STEN. V. ». To hearken 5 to give 

attention. Bacon, 

Ll'STNER. /. [from Upn.] One that 

hearkens ; a hearkcner. Siuift. 

LI'STLESS. a. [from //;?.] 

J. Without inclination j without any de- 
termination to one mote than another. 

Til 10! Jon. 
2. Carelefs ; heedJef?. DiyHen. 

LISTLESLY. ad. [ff m IJllefs.] Wkhout 
thought ; without attention. Lock". 

LI'STLESNESS. /. (from lijllefs.] Inat- 
tention J want of defire, Taylor, 
LIT, the preterite of //^6r. Adaijon. 
LI'TANY./. [xHava::.] A form of luppli- 
catorv prayer. Hcoktr. Taylor, 
LITERAL, a. [//V^^a/, F-ench. J 

J. According to the primitive meanirgj 
not figurat've. Hamriiond. 

2,. FoUuwin" the letter, or ex: It words. 
3. C'-nfifl.'ns of letters. • 

LI'TERAL. f. Primitive or literal mean- 
ing. Bro<ivtt. 
LI'TERALLY. ad. [from literal] 

1. According to the primitive import of 
words. Sivift. 

2. With clofe adherence to words. 

LITERA'LITY; /. [from literal.] Origi- ^ 

nai meaning. Browr, 

[Italian.] The learned. 


LITERATURE. /. [ I'ueratura, Latin. ] 

Le«rnirg 5 ficili in letters. Bacon. Addtfcv. 

LITHARGE^. /. [hthargyruw, L'tin. ] 

Lu/jti'-^« is*properly lead vitrified, either 

alone or with a mixture of copper. This 

recrement is of two kinds, litharge oi gold, 

and litharge of filver. It is collected from 

the furnaces where filver is feparated from 

leoid, or from thofe where gold and filver 

are purified by means of that metal. The 

litharge fold in the Ihops is produced in 

the copper works, where lead has been 

ufed to purify that metal, or to feparate 

filver from it. Hill. 

LITHE. >. [latSe, Saxon.] Limber ; flexi- 

ble. Milton. 

LI'THENESS. /. [from lithe.] Limbemefs ; 

LI'THER. a. [from lithe.] Soft ; pliant. 
LITHO'GRAPHY. /. The art or praflice 

of engra\iing upon ftone?. 
Ll'THpMANCY. /. [X(.%; and fxa-!\iU.'\ 
Predidion by Itones. Broivn. 

LITHONTRITTICK. a. [X;';^ocand Tp;':».J 
Any medicine proper to diflolve the ftune 
in the kidneys or bladder. 
LITKO'TOMIST. /. [Xi'&oc and t£>v^ ] 
A chirurgeon who fxftra£ls the flonc by 
opening the bladder. 
LITHO'TOMY. /. [ Xi'S^o? and TS/uvi;. ] 
The art or praiHice of cutting for the ftone. 
LI'TIGANT. /. [//>/^aA?i, Latin.] One en- 
gaged in a fiiit of law. L''Ejira»ge. 
LITIGANT, a. Engaged in a juridical 
con^ef^-. Ayhffe. 
To Ll'TiGATF. V. a. [Utigo, Latin.] To 
contelt in law j to oebatc by judicial pro- 
To LITIGATE. r>. n. To manage a fu.t ; 
ro carry on a caufe. Aylffs. 
LITIGA'TION. /. [lidgatio, Latin] Ju- 

dicial conteft : fuit of law. 


LITIGIOUS, a. [litigieux, Fr.] 

I. Inclinable to law-fuiti j qudrrelfime 5 

2. D/putable 


Hooker. Drydcn. 
ad. [ from litigious, ] 


LirrGIOUSNESS. /. [Uam litlg'oui.] A 
wrangling diipofition, 


L I V 

L I V 

tl'TTER. /. [lifitre, French.] 

1. A kind of" vehiculary bed. Drydcn, 

«. The ftraw laid under animals. 

4. A brood of yo'jng. 

4. Any number of things thrown fluttifhiy 
about. i^ivift. 

5. A birth of snimals. Drydtn, 
To LITTER.. 1/. a. [from the noun, j 

1. To bring forth : ufed of be-ft?. 


2. To cover with things negligently. 

3 To cover with ftraw. Dr'yden. 

Lr r'l LE. a. [cemp. Ufi, fuperlat. Uojl j 
Jytei. Saxon. J 

1. Small in quantity. 'Jcfoua. 

a. Not great J fmall ; diminutive ^ cf 
fmall bulk. Locke. 

3. Oi fmall dignity, power, or imp-.M- 
tance. 1 Sam. 

4. Not much ; not many, 
t;. Some j not none. Lcc^e, 

Lfi TLE. / 

I. A Iniall fpace. Dryden. 

a. A fmail part j a fmall proporti: n, 


3. A flight affair. Prior. 

4. Not much. Cheyns. 
LITTLE, ad. 

1. In a fmall degree. Watt:. 

2. In a fmall quantity. 

3. In feme decree, but not great. 


4. Nit much. Sivijt. 
LI' r TLENESS. /. [from little.^ 

1. Smalnefs of bulk. Burnet. 

a. Mcanoefs j want of grandeur. 

3. Want of dignity. Collier. 

LITTORAL, -v.a. [littorh, Latin.] Be- 
longing to the fliore. 

LITURGY. /. [Xilyp^'/a ; liturgie^ V-.] 
Form of prayers j forfRuiary or public^£ 
devotions. Hook r. Taylor, 

To LIVE. T/. w. ['yp'an, Jypjan, Saxon.J 
I. To be in a fijie of anim<»iioi j to bs 
rjot dead. Dryder. 

7., To pafs life in any certain manner with 
regard to habits j good or ill, happinefs or 
mifery. Hammofid, 

3. To continue in life. Shjkejpeare. 

4. To live emphaticaiiy ; to be in a llate 
of happinefs. Drydtn. 

5. To be exempt from death, ttmpoiai 
or fpiritual. I '//)^y. 

6. To remain undeflrcyed. Burmt. 

7. To continue; not to be loft. Pops. 

11. To be in a ftatc of motion or vegeta- 
tion. Dryden. 






8. To converfe : to cohatur. 

9. To feed. 

JO. To maintain one's f«lf. 


12. To be uncxtinguiftied. 

LIVt. <7. [from ah-ve.^ 

I. Qm'.cIc ; not deau. Exodui, 

z. Actve ; not extingui/h?d. Boyle. 

Ll'VELESS. ad. [ trom live. ] Wanting 
life ; rather i'fe/ej's. Sbakejpeare, 

LIVELIHOOD. /. Support of life j' main- 
tenance } means of livnp. 

C!'re\ior. VEJlrange. 

Ll'VELINESS. /. [fr-m H-vely.] 

1. Appearance of life. Dryden, 

2. Vivacity J fpiightlinefs. Locke, 
LI'VELODE. /.Mamtenance ; Aipport ; live- 
lihood. Spenfer^ 

Ll'VELONG. a. [li^ve and lorg.] 

I, Tcdiou? ^ long In pafling. itbukefpenrr^ 
z. Lifting ; durable. Alilton. 

LlVtLV. a. [I:ve in^ Hke.] 
I. Briflc ; vigorous; vivacious. 
1, Oiy ; airv. 
3 Keprcfenting lie. 
4. Strong ; energeticlc. 

LI VELlLy. 7 . 
LIVELY. J ''^' 

1. b'r fk'.y i vigoroufly. Hjyivard,' 

2. Wun ftrong refemblance of life. 
Dryden. '_ 

LI'VER. /. [from li-ve.'\ 

I. One who Irves. Prior,. 

a. One who lives in any particular man- 
ner. Alter bury. 

3. One of the entrail,-. Skakefpeare. 
Ll'VERCOLOUR. a. [ ^iver and coour. j 

Ddrk red. I'Voodward. 

Ll'VEAGROWN. a. [liver and grown.} 

Hdving a great liver. Graunt^. 

Ll'VERWORT, /. [liver and ivort.'\ A 

LrV£RY. /. [from Uvrer, French.] 

1. Tne ad of giving or taking puireflion, 

2. Relaafe from wardfl.ip. K. Coarles, 

3. The writ by which polTeflion is obtain- 

4. The ftate of being kept at a certain 
rate. Spenier, 

5. The c!osths given in ft-rvants. Pope. 

6. A particular orefs 5 a garb worn as a 
token or confequencc of any thing. 

LI VERYMAN. /. [ii-very and wan] 

1. One who u ears a livery 3 a lervantof 
an inferior kind. A'^butkro*, 

2. [In London.] A freeman ot Ionic 
ftanding in a coii,panv. 

LIVES. ]. [the plural of lif:.] Donne, 

LI'VID. a. [lividut, Latin.] Difcolourcd. 

as with A blow. Bicon, 

LIVI'Dl rV. J. [I-zpid'^t', French.] Dilco- 

k>jfd'j'-'n, iii by a bl?nv, Ar'^-'f-n:', 


L O A 

LI'VING. /. [from li-ve.] 

X. Support ; maintenance ; fortune on 
which one lives. Sidney. 

a. Power of centinuing life. VEPrange, 
3. Livelihood. Hubberd'i Talc, 

4.. B-nefice of a clergvmsn. Spenfer. 

LI'VINGLY. ad. [from living.'} In the 
living ftate. Broivn. 

Ll^RE. f. [French.] Thefum by which 
the French reckon their money, equal 
nearly to our /Killing. 

LIXl^'VIAL. a, [from lixivium, Latin.] 
I. Impregnated with falts like a lixivi- 

^jtn. Arbutt3riot. 

a. O'^tained by lixivium. B-tyk. 

LI'XIVIATE. a. [from /.*;W«»2.] Making 
a lixivium. Bronvn, 

LIXIVIUM, f. [Laf.] Lye; water im- 
pregnated with fait of whatfoever kind. 


LI'ZARD. /. [li/ardci French.] An animal 

refembling a ferment, with legs added to it. 


LIZA'RDITAL. f. A plant. 

U^A'RDSTONE . /. [lizard and Jlom.] 
A kini of rton:. 

L. L. D f. [legum do^ar,] A doftor of the 
canon and civil law?, 

LO. interjtfl. [1 , Saxon.] Look j fee; be- 
hold. Dryden. 

LOACH. /. \toche, French.] A fifh : he 
breeds and feeds in little and clear fwift 
brooks or rill?, and lives there upon the 
gravel, and in the fharpeft ftreams : he 
grows not to be above a finger long : he is 
of the fltape of an eel, and has a beard of 
wattels like a bafbeJ. Walton. 

LOAD. /. [hl»'&-, Saxon.] 

1. A burthen; a freight j lading. 


2. Any thing that deprcfles. Ray. 

3. As muth drink as one can bear. 


To LOAD. v. a, [hiabfn, Saxcn.] 

I, To burden ; to freight. Sbahifpcare. 
■3,. To encumber ; to em'barrafi. Locke, 
3. To charge a gun. Wijemar, 

^, To riiske heavy by fomething append- 
ed or annexed. ^ad'.jor. 

LOAD. /. The leading vein in a mine. 


LO'ADER. /. [from load.l^ Ke who loads, 

LO'ADSMAN. /. [<W<? and fnan.] He who 
leads the way ; a pilot. 

LO'ADaTAR, /. [from larbsn, to lead.] 
The prleftar ; the cynofure j the leading 
or guiding !>ar, Sperfcr. 

LO'ADSTONfE. /. Themagnetj the.ftone 
on which the mariners compafs needle is 
touched to give it a dire6lion north and 
fr'irh. HiU. 

LOAF, /. [from hl'p, Saxon.] 

J. A tndh of brcaa as it is torircd by the 


baker : a loaf is thicker than a cakf, 


■1. Any mafs into which a body is wrought. 


LOAM. /. [hm, laam, Saxon.] Fat, unc- 
tuous, tenacious, earth j marl. 


To LOAM. -v. a, [from the noun.] To 

fmear with loam, marl, or clay j to clay». 


LO'AMY. a, [from ham,^^ Marly. Bacon, 

LOAN. /, [ hh-en, Saxon. ] Any thing 
lent J any thing given to another, on con- 
dition of return or repayment. Bacon. 

LOATH, a. { W6, Saxon. ] Unw Ihng-; 
difliking ; not ready. 

Sidney. Spcnjer, Southern, 

To LOATHE. V. a. [irom the n un.] 

I. To hate ; to look on with abhorrence. 


%, To confider with thedifguft of fatiety. 


3. To fee food with diflike. S>^nticy, 

To LOATHE, -v. n. To create difguft; 
to cauie a'^hoi rence. ^penjer, 

LO'ATHr.R. /. [from loath,} One that 

LO'ATHFUL. 5. [/sa/i* and /«'/.] 

I. Aohorring ; hating Hubberd^s Tale, 
t. Abhorred i hated. Spenjer, 

LO'AIHINGLY. ad, [from loatle] In 
a fafti^ious manner. 

LOATHLY, a. [from loath,] H etui ; 
abhorred. c^hn. kef care, 

LCATHLY. ad. [from loath ] Unw.'iiing- 
ly ; w thout I'king or inclination. Dtnne. 

LO'ATHNESS. /. [from loath,] Unwil- 
lingnefs. Bacon, 

LC^AFH OME. a. [from loath,} 

1. Abhrred; deteliable. South, 

2, Caufing fatiety or faftidioufnefs. 


LO'ATHSOMENESS. /, [from loatbjome.} 

Qiiality of raifing hatred. Addijon. 

LOAVES, plural of loaf. Bacon, 

LOB. /. 

i. Any one heavy, clumfy, or fltigg /h. 


2. Lob's pound ; a prifon. Hudibras, 

3. A big worm. Walton, 
To LOB. f. a. To let fall in a fl -vr-nly or 

Inzy manner. Shakrp are, 

LO'BBY. /. [laube^ German.] An dptning 

before a room. Wottnn. 

LOBE./, [lohe, French; XoCo?-] A divi- 

fion ; a diftind p.irt : ufed commonly for 

a part of the Inngs. Arbutbr.ot, 

LOBSTER./, [lobj-teja, Saxon.] Acruf- 

taceous fifh. Ba:on, 

LO'CAL. a, [locus, Latin.] 

1. Having the properties of place. Prior, 

2. Relating to place. Siiilifgjleet. 

3. Being in a particular place. Digby, 


L O D 

LOCA'LITY./. [from local.] Ex rtcnce la 
place j relation of pi-»ce, or diftancc. 


LO'CALLV. a. [from /fcj/] With le- 
ifizti 10 place. G/afvile. 

LOCATION. /. [locatio, La tin. j Sicua- 
ti^n with rcfpt<fl lo place j afl of placing.. 


LOCH. /. A lake. ScottiHi. Ch^yne. 

LOCK. f. [loc, Saxon.] 

I. An inllriiinent compofed of fptings and 

» bolts, uicd to faftendjors or chttls. Sp^nf. 
1. The part cf the gun by which fire is 
ftruck. Grew. 

3. A hug ; a grapple. Milton. 

4. Any inclofure. Dryden* 

5. A quantity of hair or wool hanging to- 
gether. K>penjer. 

6. A tuft. Addijon. 
To LOCK. V. a, [from the noun.] 

I . To fnut or fallen with locks. Dryden,' 

%. To /hut up or confine, as with locks. 


3. To clofe fd(^. Gay, 

To LOCK. 1'. n, 

1. To become faft by a lock. Spenfer. 

2. T<» unite by mutual iofertion. BoyU. 
LO'CKER, /. [frona kck.] Any thing that 

is cLi'cd with a lock j a drawer. 

R. Crufof, 

LO'CKET. /. [hqu't, French.] A fmall 
lock J any catch or fpnng to fallen a neck- 
lace, or other ornament. Hudibrat. 

LO'CKRAM. /. A fort of coarfe linen. 


LO CKRON. /. A kind of ranunculub. 

LOCOM0'riO>J. / [locus and motus, Lat.] 
PuWei oKhanging place. Btoivn, 

LOCOx\IO'TIV£. a. yocuszndmo'Vio, Lat.] 
Chinking place j having the power of re- 
moving or changing place. Derbam, 
^LOCUS^. /. [/«a//<3, Latin,] A devour- 
ing infeft. Arbuthrtot, 

LO'CUST-TREE. /. A tree. MilUr, 

LODESTAR. See Loadstar. 

LODESTONE. See Loadstone. 

To LODGE. V. a, [Ionian, Saxon.] 

1. 'lo place in a temporary habitation. 

a. To afford a temporary dwelling. Dry, 

3. To place ; to plant. Oticay, 

4. Ttf fix i to fettle. Sbak'jpeare, 

5. To place in the memory. Bacon, 

6. To harbour or cover. Addifon, 

7. To afford place to, Cheyne. 
%. To lay flat. Sbakejpcate. 

To LODGE. V. 71. 

J. Torefidej to keep refidence. Mil:cn, 

2. To take atemp^ary habitdtioa. 

2 Sam. 

3. To take up refidence at night. Taylor, 

4. To lie fiat. Mortimer, 
LODGE. /, Ihris, French.] 


1. A fmall houfe in a park or foreft. Mik, 

2. Any Imall houfe j as, the porter's 

LO'DGhMENT. /. [from lodge i hgement^ 

1. Accumulation, or collocation in a cer- 
tain place. Derbam, 

2. PofTc/Tion of the enetry's work. AdJ, 
LODGER. /. [from lodge.] 

J. One who Jives in loams hired in the 
houfe of another. Arbutinc:, 

2. One that refides in any place. I*c>pe» 
LODGING. /. [from lodge.] 

1. Temporary habitatioa j rooms hired ja 
the houfe of another. Bacsn, 

2. Place of refidence, Spenjer» 

3. Harbour ; covert. Sidney, 

4. Convenience to fleep on» Rav, 
LOFT. /. [lloft, WelfLj 

J. A floor. J^acofi, 

2. The higheft floor, *>penfir, 

3 Rooms on high. Miiteii, 

LO'FTILY. ad.^ [from lo/fy.-] 

1. On high j in an elevated place. 

2. Proudly j haughtily. Pfaltm, 

3. With elevation of language or fenti- 
ment j fublimelv. Spenfer^ 

LO FTINESS. /. '[from lofty ] 

1. Height j local cievaiion. 

2. Sublimity j elevation of fentiment, 


3. Pride; haughtinefs. CoUarm 
LOFTY, a. lirom loft, or ////.] 

J, High J hovering^ elevated in place. 

2. Sublime j elevated in fentiment. 


3. Proud J haughty. Dryden. 
LOG. /. 

1. A fhapelefs bulky piece of wood. Bacon, 

2. An Hebrew meafure, which held a 
(quarter of a cab, and confcquently five- 
fixths of a pint. Calmer, 

LO'GARITHMS. /. [X;>o- and a»<:&,uof.) 
The indexes of the ratios of aumbers one 
to another, Harrit, 

LO'GGATS. /. A play or game, S6ak. 

LO'GGERHEAD. /. [logge, Dutch, iiuptd, 
and bead,] A dolt j a blockhead; a 

thickfcul. VEftrar.frc. 

To fall to LOGGERHEADS. 7 To fcufiic ; 

Tj^5 fa LOGGERHEADS. 3 to fight 
without weapons. U Eliran<re. 

LO'GGERHEADED. a. Ihom logger becd. ] 
Dull J Itupid \ doltifh, iib^^kf/peart, 

LO'GICK. /. [/cgiVd, Latin.] Logick 1% iht 
arc of ufing rtitioa well in our in-juiriet 
after truth, and the communication of it 
to others. jyatu, 

LO'GICAL. a. "jTom logick.] 

I, Pertaining la logick. Hooker„ 

%. Skilled in icgick j furnilhed with lo- 

gick. Add fort, 


L O N 

LO'GICALLY. ad. [from logical'] Ac- 
cording to the laws of Jogick. Pnor, 

LOGI'CIAN. /. [ logic'un, French. ] A 
teacher or profclier of iogick j a man verf- 

• ed in Iogick. Pope, ii^-v f , 
LO'GMAN. /. [%2nd man.'] Oae whole 

bulinefsis to carry logs. Hhakejpeare, 

LO^GOMACHY. /. iKoyoixa-xJa..] A con- 

• tcntion in words j a concencion about 
words. Hew el. 

LO'GWOOD. /. Log^vood is of a very denfe 

• and firm texture j it is brought to us jn 
very large and thick blocks or logs. It is 
heavy, hard, and of a deep, ftrong, red 

' colour. It grows on the coall of the bay 

of Campeachy. /iV//. 

LO'HOCK. y. Medicines which are now 

• commonly called eclegma's, ia.iioativcs, 
or linflus's. " ^incy, 

LOIN. /. [Ikvyn, Welft.] 

1. The back of an anJmal carved cut by 

• the butcher. 

• 2. Lotns J the reiovS, Milton, 
To LO'ITER. -v. n. [loteren, Dutch.] To 

linger ; to fpend time carelefsly. Locke. 
LO'ITERER./. {ixom loiter.] A Jinger- 

■ er J an idler j a lazy wretch. 

H^yuiatd. Otiocy. 
To LOLL. -v. rt. 

I' To lean idly 3 to reft la2ily againft any 
thing, Dryden, 

2. To hang out. Ufcd of the tongue. 

To LOLL, V. a. To put out. Dryden, 

LO.MP. J. A kind of roundiih fi/h. 
LONE. a. [conira(^ted from alone.] 

1. Solitary. Sa-vage. 

■ "2.. Single J without company. Pojie, 
LO'NELINESS. /. [kom lonely .] Solitude j 

want of company* Sidney. 

L'ONELY. a. [from lone.] Solitary j ad- 
difted to folitude. Shakejpeare. 

LO'NENESS. /. [from lone.] Solitude j 
diflikeof company. Donne. 

LO'NESOME. a. '[from lone.] Solitary j 
difmal. Blacknure, 

LONG. a. [longus, Latin ] 

I. Not /hort. Luke, 

■a. Having oneof its geometrical dimenfi- 
ons in a greater degree than cither of the 
other, Boyle. 

3. Of any certain meafure in length. Lam. 

4. Not foon ceafing, or at an end. 

Exodus. ' 
.5. Dilatory. Eccluf. 

6. Longing j defirous, Sidney. 

7. Reaching to a great diftance. Deuter . 
• 8. Protradled j as, a long note, 

LONG, ad, 

I. To a great lergth. Prior. 

a. Not tor a ftort time, Taitfax, 


3. In the comparative, it fignifics for 
inore time 5 and in the fuperiative, for 
niuit time. * Locke, 

4. Not foon. ^at. 

5. Ac a point of duracioh far difiant. 

Ti Hot fun, 

6. [For along j ab long, Fr.] All along j 
throughout. Skakejptare, 

LONG. -v. n. By the fault. Sbukejpeare. 
To LONG. 1/. n. To dedre earneftly j to 

wifh with eagernefs continued. Fairfax, 
LONGANIMITY. /. [lo7:gummitas, Lat.] 

Forbearance J patience ot offences. Hoivel. 
LONGBOAT. J. Thelargeit boat belong- 
ing to a fhip. Wutton, 
LONGE'VITY. /. [ longavus, Latin, j 

Length of life. Arbuthnot. 

LONGI'MANOUS. a. [longimanus, Latin. j 

Long-hdndca j having long hands, 

LONGI'METRY. /. [ longus and ^Hrpi^ j 

longimttrie, Ficnch.J The art or practice 

ot mealurujg oiftances. Cbeyne. 

LO'NGING. /. [horn Lng.] Eirncft ue- 

fire. Sidney. 

LO'NGINGLY. ad. [from longing.] With 

incellant wiilies. Dryden. 

LONGITUDE. /. [longitude, French j Ion- 

gttudo, Latin.] 

1. Ltngth j the gieateft dimenfion. 


2. The circunaference of the earth mea- 
fured from bny meridian. Abbot, 

3. The diftdnce of any part of the eartll 
to the eaft or weft of any place. 


4. The pofition of any thing to eaft or 
weft. Broivn. 

LONGITU'DINAL. a. [longitudinal, Fr.] 
Mcdforcd by the length j running in tnc 
longeft dire£lion. Cbeyne, 

LO'NGLY. ad. [from lorg.] Longingly j 
with great liking. Shake pe^ire. 

LO'NGbOME. a. [from lorg.] Tedious j 
wearifome by its length. Bacon, 

LO'NGSUFFERING. a. [long and juffer- 
ing.] Patient J not eafily provoked. Ex. 

LO'NGSUFFERING. /. Patience of of- 
ffme 5 clemency. Rogers, 

LO'NGTAIL. /. [long ix^ tail.] Cut and 
long tail : a caaung term. Sbakefpeare. 

LO'NGWAYS. ad. in the longitudinal di- 
rection. Addtjon, 

LONG WINDED, a, [ long and ivtnd. ] 
Long- breathed j tedious, S'lvift, 

LO'NGWISE. ad. [long and ivife.] la 
the longitudinal diredtion. Baccn, 

LOO. /. A game at cards. Pope, 

LO'OBILY. a. [loohy .r-A like.] Aukwaro j 
clumfy. UEflrange, 

LOOF, /♦ It is that pirt aloft of the Ihip 



Vfhich lies ju/l before the chefi-trc«, as 

far as the bulk head of the caftlr. 

Sea D/fficnjry. 
To LOOP. V. a. To bring tLc ihip clofe to 

a wind, 
LO'OBV. /. A lubber j a clumfy clown. 

LO'OFED. a. [ from ai'ocf. ] Gone to a 

dift^nce- Shakefp^are, 

To LOOK, v.n, [locan, Saxon. J 

X. To diredt the eye to or from any ob- 

jeft. Beyle. 

a. To have power of fe ing. Drydcn, 

3. To dircd the iniellcdtual eye. 

i^tUlin^fie t. 

4. To expert, Cari/don. 

5. To take care j to watch, , 

6. To be dircdled with regard to any ob- 
jert. Prcverbs. 
7- To have any particular appearance. 


8. To feem. Burnett 

9. To have any air, mien, or manner. 


10. To form the air in any particular 
manner. " Mtlion. 

11. To Loox about one. To be alarnr.ed ; 
to be vigilant. Harvey, 
1%. To Look after. To attend j to take 
care of. Loke. 

13. To Look for. To expert, Sidney, 

14. To Look into, Toexamine; tohrtj 
to infpcrt clofely. ^tterbury, 

15. To Look OH. To refpert j to regard j 
to efteem. ' Dryden. 

16. To Look o». To confider. South. 

17. TtfLooKow. To be a mere idle fpec- 
tator. Bacon. 

18. To Look oa/fr. To examine j to try 
one by one. Locke. 

19. To Look out. To fearch j to feck. 

Felt on. 

20. To Look out. To be on the watch. 

^l. T» Look to. To watch ; to take 
care of. Shakefpeare, 

■2,1. To Look to. To behold. 
To LOOK.. V. a. 

t. To fcek J to fearch for. Spenfer, 

2. To turn the eye upon, 2 Kings. 

3. To influence by looks. Dryd.n. 

4. To Look out. To oifcover by fearch- 
ing- Gr.iunt, 

LOOK, interj. Sec ! lo ! behjld ! obfcrve. 


LOOK. /. 

1. Air of the facej mien j caft of the 
countenance, J. Dryden. jun. 

2. The art of looking or feeing. Dryden. 
LO'OKER. /. [(torn l,ok.] 

I, One th^t looks- 

a, Lgoksr p», Spertatw, not agent. 

Hofker > 


LOOKING-GLASS. / f /oc* and g!afr, J 
Miri.,1 j a gldfs which TneAs firins re- 
fl^iittd. South, 

LOOM, /. [Z,c«r. a tool or inflrumcnt, 
y^'iui.j The frame in which < he wea- 
vers work their cloth yfdd.j'r,rr. 

To LOOM. ^'. n, [leuman, Saxon. J To 
ip^cr at fcH. 6iinner, 

LOOM. / A bird, A horn is as big n a 
g ole ; of a da k col.-ur, da-pled with 
white fputs on thf ntck, back, ano wings ; 
each ffdther marked near the o i .t wiih 
two fpL.ts: they b.eed in Farr Ifland. 


LOON. /. A forry felLw ; a fcoundrel, 


LOOP. /. [ hopen, Dutch] A doui.le 
thrc ugh which a Hring or laie is diawnj 
aT or amental double or fri ge Spenier, 

LO'0;'ED a, [ /oop.] fu'i of Holes. 

LO'OPHOLE. / [loop and hole.] 

1. Ai:erture j hole to give a puifage. 

M kon, 

2. A Ih ft ; an evafi n. D \ii.n, 
LO'OPHOLED. a. [from loophole,] Full 

of boles J luii of opening', huJbrus, 

LOORD. f, [herd, Dutch J A df r.e. 

To LOOSE. V, a. [lepan, Sax' n.] 

1. To unbind j to untie any thing f-ftened, 


2. To relay. JJanie', 

3. To unbind any one bound, A'^bot, 

4. To free from imprifunmmt. 1 arak, 

5. To free fronn any obligatiop. 1 Co , 

6. To free from any thing that fh^ckJeS 
the mind. Drydr, 

7. To free from any thing painful. Luke, 

8. T.) di (engage. Dryden, 
To LOOSE. V. n. Tofet fail j to depart 

bv V ofing the anchor. yi^j, 
LOOSE, a. [fr m the verb.] 

1. Unbound j untied. Shak fpeare, 

2. Not faft j not fixed. Berkley, 

3. Ni)t tight: as, a loofe robe, 

4. Not crouded j not c off . Mi.'fcn, 

5. Wintonj nut chal\e, Spenfer, 
6 Not clofe J notconcifej hx. Fe/ron, 

7. V.gue ; indetermina'e. A'buthnot, 

8. Not Hrirt 5 not \'t:\\ Hc.ker, 

9. UnctnneClea J r.n)b.,pg. IVatrs, 
JO. Lax ' f b dy ; not crtive. Loch, 
II. Difcngaged ; notfnflived Aterbury, 
J2. D fergaged from obligation. Ad'lcn, 

13. fiee from cni,fincn-K-nt. Prior, 

14. Rerr-.ifs ; not attentive. 

15. Jo break Loose. To jiain liberty. 


16. To let Loose. To fet at libertv j .0 
fet Dt large. Taylor, 

LOOSE, /. [f om the verb.] 

4 E 1. Li. 

Dry den, 



Dry den. 



f . Liberty : freedom from reftraint, 

' Dry den. 

a, Difmiflion from any reftraining force. 
LO'OSELY. ad. [from foofe.l 
J. Not iA[\ ; not firmly. 

2. Without bandage. 

3. Without union or connexion, 

4. Irregularly. 

5. N-gligently ; carelefsly. 

6. U.iolidly i meanly j without dignity. 


7. Unchaftly. ^'P'' 
To LOOSEN.' V. a. [ffom /oo/>.] To parr. 

To LO'OSEN. V. K. [from hoj~e.'[ 
1. To rebx any thing tied. 
«. Tn mike lefs coherent, 

3. To feparate a compages. 

4. To free from reftraint, 

5. To make not coftive. 
LOOSENESS. /. [from hofe.] 

1. State contrary to that of being fait or 
fixed. B"/""' 

2. Latitude ; criminal levity. Jtterhwy. 
"I. Irregularity; negledt of laws. 
^ Hayivard. 
4. Lewdnefs; unchiftity. Spenfer. 
c. DiarrhcEJ ; flux of the belly. Arhutb. 

LOOSESTRIFE. /. Vyfimacb.a, Lat.] An 
herb. ^'^^^'■• 

To LOP. -v. a. 

1. To cut the branches of tree?, 


2. To cut any thing. HcMel. 
LOP. /. [from the verb.] 

1. That which is cut from trees. 


2. [LofcfiJ, Swedi(h.] A flea. 
LOPE. pret. cf/^tf/>. Oofolete. Spenfer. 
LO'PPER. /. [from hp.^ One that cuts 

trees. . 

LOOUA'CIOUS. a. [Ioju<ix, Latin. T 

1. Foil of talk j full of tongue. Milton, 

2. Speaking. Fhl;p:. 

3. Blabbing ; not fecret. 
LOQUA'CITY. /. l/ojuJci'tas,Ut\n.'\ Too 

much talk. ^"J'' 

LORD. /. [hlapop^, Saxon.l 

J. Monarch; ruler; governour. M:lton. 

2. Mjfter; Uipreme peffoii. Sbakejpeare. 

3. A tyrant ; an oppreffive ruler. 


. 4. A hufband. P'f' 

c Or.e who is at the head of any bufmeU ; 
at. overfeer. '?'''>'•• 

6. A nobiem.^n. Sbakejpeare. 

7. A general nam.e for a peer of England. 
' * King Charles. 

?. A baron. 

o. An honorary title applied to offices j 

as, lord chief juftice, lord mayor. 


To LORD. V. n. To domineer ; to rule 
defpotically. Spenfer, Pbiltps. 

LORDING/, [from /ore/.]' Lord in con- 
tempt or ridicule. Sbakejpeare, 

LO'RDLING. /. A diminutive lord. 


LORDLINESS. /. [from lordly.^ 

1. Dignity; high flation. Sbakejpeare, 

2. Pride ; haughtinefs. 
LO'RDLY. a. [from /;r^.] 

I. Beriting a lord. South, 

1. Pfoud j haughty J imperious; info- 
lent. Swift, 

LO'RDLY. ad. Imperioufly ; defpoticaliy j 
proudly. Dry den, 

LO'RDFHIP. /. [from lord.] 

1. Dominion ; power. Sidney, Wottott, 

2. Seigniory ; domain. Dryden, 

3. Title of honour ufed to a noblemaa 
not a duke, Ben. yohrjon. 

4. Titulary compellation of judges, and 
foire other perfons in authority. 

LORE!. /. [from la-jian, to learn.] LefTon ; 

do(ftrinej mftrutftion. 

Fairfax. Milton. Pope, 
LORE, [leojinn, Saxon.] Loft ; deftroyed. 
LO'PvEL. /. [ from leofian, Saxon. ] An 

abandoned fcoundrel, Spenjer, 

To LO'RICATE. v. a. To plate over. 

LO'RIMER. 7 / {krmitr^ French.] Bridle- 
LO'RINER. 5 cutter. 
LO'RIOT. /. A kind of bird. 
LORN. pret. pafT. of Irpian, Saxon. For- 

faken ; loft. Spenjer, 

To LOSE. V. a, [leofan, Saxon.] 

1. To forfeit by unlucky conteft ; the 
contrary to win. Dryden, 

2. To be deprived of. Knolles, 

3. To fufter deprivation of. Mattbeiu, 

4. To poffefs no longer j contrary to keep. 

5. To have any thing gone io as that it 

cannot be found, or had again. 


To bewilder. J^i^g Charles, 

7. To deprive of. Templi, 

8. To kill ; to deftroy. 

9. To throw away j to employ ineffedlu- 
ally. Pope, 
10 To mifs ; to part with, fo as riot to 
recover. Clarendon, 

To LOSE. v. n. 

1. Not to win. Shakespeare, 

2. To decline ; to fail, Milton. 
LO'SEABLE. a. .[from /a/f.] Subjecl to 

privation. Boyle, 

LO SEL. /. [from kpan, to peri/h ] A 
fcoundrel ; a furry worthies fallow. 

Hubberd's Tale, 
LO'SER. /. [from loje.] One that is de- 
prived of any thing ; one that forfeits any 
thing J the contrary to winner or gainer. 

L O V 

LOSS. /. [from lofe] 

I. Furfeiture; the contrary to gain. 

a. Ml^, SLak'fpeare. 

3. Deprivation, 
4.. Deftruflion, Drydn. 

5. F-iulr; puzzle. Svutb. 

6. Ufelefs application. ^licitjoi. 
LOST, fij'tiiipia/ a. [from/c/<r.] No longer 

perceptible. Pof'e. 

LOT. /. [hlor Saxon.] 

1. Fdftune } Itate afligned. 

2. A die, or any thing ufed in determin- 
ing chjnccs. D'yJoi. 

3. A lucky or wi/hed chance. iibakejp. 

4. A por'ion j a parcel of g. ods as being 
drawn by lot. 

5. Proportion of taxes : as, to pay feet 
and /rr, 

LOTE tree or net tlf tree. f. A tree. 

LOTION. /. [ktio, Latin J hticn, French.] 
A 'odon is a form of medicine compouniied 
of aqueous liquid?, ufed to wafh. ^uircy. 

LO'TTERY. J. {.'ottene, French, from lot.] 
A game of chance j a fortilege j diftribu- 
tirtn (if prizes by chance. Sutb, 

LO'VAGE. /. [Uvihicum, Latin.] A pUnr. 

LOUD. ^ 

J. Noify J flrikingthe ear with great force. 

a. Clamorous ; turbulent. Frov. 

LO'UDLY. ad. [from loud.] 

1. Noifiiy ; fo as to be heard far. Dfr.ham. 

2. Chrnoroufly, Siv:ft. 
LO UDNESS.- /. Noife ; force of found ; 

toibulence; vehemence or furioufnefs of 
clamour. Scuib, 

To LOVE. 'v,a. flupnn, Saxon.] 

X. To regard with paflionate affeflion. 


2. To regard with the afteftion of a friend. 


3. To regard with parental tendernef'. 


4. To be pleafed with. Bacon. 

5. To regard with reverent unwilliugnefs 
to offend. "^ Deut, 

LOVE. /. [from the verb,] 

I. The palTicn between the fexes. Pope, 
a. Kindnefs J good, will j fncndlTiip. 


3. Courtship. Bacon. 

4. Tendernefs j parental care. Til.otp.n. 

5. Likine ; inclination to. 

6. Objed beloved. S'-akefpeare. 

7. Lfwdnefs. bhakclpeare. 
' 8. Unrcafonable liking, Taylor. 

9. Fondnefs J concoid. Sbakcfpeare. 

10. Principle of union, 6outb, 

II. Piclurefquc reprefentation of l^ve, 


12. A word of endearment, D'-yden. 

13, Due reverence to God, Uammond, 


14. A kind of thin filk ftuff. Boyk' 

LO'VEAPPLE. /. A plant. 

LO'V-EKNOT. /. [love and knot.] A com- 
plicated figure, by which alFcCtion is fi- 

LOVE LETTER. /. [hve tni Utter.] Let- 
ter of courtrtiii', yJdUfon, 

LO'VELILY. a,., [from kve'y.] Amiaoiy. 


LOVELINESS./, [fromlove/y.] Amiabie- 
ncfs j (jualitits of mind or body that excite 
l"ve. y^diifon. 

LO'VELORN. a [/.veand/orn.] Forf.^ken 
of one's love. Milton. 

LOVELY, a. [from/W<rJ Amiable; ex- 
citing lov-. Ttllotfca, 

LO'VEMONGER. /. [Ui>e and mgng-r.] 
On? who deals in affairs of love. i>bakefp. 

LO'VER. /. [from ove.] ^^ 

1. Oae who is in love, Dryden, 

2. A friend j one who regards with kind- 
nefs. Sbukefpearei 

3. One who likes any thing. Burnet 
LOUVER. /. [itotr.rowvert, French.] An 

opening for ihe fmoke. 
LO'VESECRET. /. [Icve ^M fecret.] Se- 

cret between lovets. D'vden 

LOVtSlCK. a. [/.x-^andyft^..] Difurdered 

with love J languilhing with amorous defire. 

Gr anvil ■€, 

LO'VESOME. a. [from lo-ve.] Lovely. A 

word not uled. D^vden 

LO'VESONG. /. [Lveznifonr.] Song ex- 

prefTing love. Sbakefptare, 

LO'VESUIT. [/c«^ and /«//.] CouMfh/p. 

LO'VETALE. /. [lo-ve and tale.] Narrative 

«^ l"ve. Milton. 

LO VETKOUGHT. /. [love and tkougbt.l 

Amorous /ancy. i^bakefpeare. 

LO/VETOY. /. [love zn^ toy.] SmaU pre- 

fenrs given by lovers, Pcte 

LO'VETRICK. /. [loveznd trick] Art of 

exprefTing love. Donne. 

LOUGH. /. [locb, Irifh, a lake.] A lake j 

a large inland ftanding water. Fairfjx, 
LO'VING. participial a. [from love.] 

I. Kind ; affeftionate. Hayiuard, 

1. Exprelling kindnefs, Eftber 

LO'VINGKINDNESS. Tendernefs ; U.; mercy. Rofrers, 

LO'VINGLY. ad. [from lo-oing.] Aftfdi- 

onately ; with kindnefs. Tavlor 

LO'VINGNESS. /. [horn loving] Kindl 

ncls ; affection, 
LOUIS D'OR.f. [French.] A golden coin 

of France, valued at about levenfecn fhil- 

I'fgs- apc^atcr. 

To LOUNGE, v.n. [lundererr, Dutch.] To 

idle J to live lazily, 
LOUNGER./, [from lounge.] An idler. 
LOURGE. /. lUn^uno, Laun.J A tall gan- 

6"'. ^ini'ivortb. 

4 E a LOUSE. 


LOUSE./, plurtl //.<•. fluf, Saxon.] Afmftll 
animal, of which different fpecies live on 
tbs bodies of men, beafls, and perhaps of 
all Jiving creatures. Bendy, 

To LOUSE, v. a. [from the noun,] To 
clean from licr. Spenjer, 

LOUSFWORT. f. The name of a ^Unt. 

hOVSlLY. ad, [iromkufe} In a paltry, 
mean, and fcurvy way. 

LO'U.^INESS, /. [hom loufy.] The (late of 
ahonndirg wiih lice. 

LO'USy. a. [from louf,!^ 

1. Swarm. ng with lice j over run with 
lice, Mortimer , 

2. Mean j law born j bred on the dunghil. 

Shak Jpeare, 
LOUT./, [locte, old D<itch.] A mean auk- 
ward fellow J a bumpkin J a clown. Sdn y. 
To LOUT. I'.n. [hlut^n, to bend, Sjxon.] 

To pav cbe lance; to bow. Ben.Jobn-on. 
LO'U I ISH. a, [ from lout. ] Cl^wnifh ; 

biimpk nly, Sidney, 

LO'UilSHLY. a. [from/o«r] With the 

air of a clown j with the gait of a bump- 

k n, 
LOW. a. 

J. N>t high. 

a. N t riling far upwards. Ezfk. 

3. Not eirvated in fituation. Bumct. 

4. D> fcendirg far downwards ; deep. 

5 N t depp J not fwellinghigb ; fhallow ; 
Uf d .if water. VEilrarge, 

6. N >i cf high price : as, corn it. loiv. 

7. N't loud; not niMfv. h aler. 

8. In latitudes near t the lin". ribhot, 
Q. Not r-.fii g to fo preat a fum is fome c- 
ther accumuldtion of particuUr . Burnet, 
10 Lutein time: as, the /ower empire. 

. II. Djvfted} deprelT'.d. trior. 

J2. Iinp'tt-nt ; fuhdued. Graunt, 

11. Nut elevated in raok or ftatioR j abje£l. 
•* hock, 

14.. Dilhonourable ; betokenirg msannefs 
of mind. 

15. Not fublime j not exalted in thought 
or d^aion. fdton, 

16. Reduced; in poor circumftances j as, 
I am Ino in the v/orld. 

LOW. ad, 

■ I. Not aloft } not at a high price ; meanly. 

a. In times near our own. Locke. 

3, With a depitflion of the voice. AdJtjon, 

4. In a ftate of lubjeaion. Sp'ttjer. 
To LOW. v.a. [f»om the adjeftive.J To 

fink i to make low. Swift, 

To LOW. V. n. [hlcpan, Saxon.] To bel- 
low .s a cow. Rojcommon. 
LO(WBELL. /. A kind of fowling in the 
n got, in which the birds are wakened by 
a bell, and luied by a fl.»me. 
LOWE./. From ihe 3^xon hie. p, a hill, 
• hf^r, or barrow. Cibjon, 
ToLO*WiR. iJ^a, [fiomAw.j 

L X 

I. To bring low J to bring down byway 
of fubmflion. Prjor, 

4. Tofufrer to fink down. Wood-ward. 

3. To ielTen j to make lefs in price or va. 
lue. Child, 

To LOWER, v.n. To grow lefs ; to fall 5 
to fink. Shakejbeare. 

To LO WER. r. n, 

1. To appear dark, flormy, and gloomy I 
to be clouded. Addtjon, 

2, To frown j to pout ; to look fullen. 


LO'WER. / [from the verb.] 
r. Cloudinefs ; glouminefs. 
2. Cloudinefs of look. Sidney. 

LO'WERINGLY. ad. [from /aw^r.J With 
cloudinefs ; gloomily. 

LO'WERMOST. a. [from /ow, hiver and 
mof}.] Loweft. B^eotj, 

LOWLAND. / [/.wand W.] The coun- 
try that is low in lefpedl of neighbouring 
hills J the marih, Drydtn, 

1.0 WLILY. ad [from livly.l 
J. Humbly j without pride. 
2. Meanly ; with'^'Ut dignity. 

LOWLINESS. /. [from h-wly,^ 

1. riumility ; freedom frompnde. Atlerh, 

2. Mannels \ want of dignity j abjed dt- 
pre Hi on. D>yden, 

LO'WLY. a. [from lo-w.] 

1. Humble; meek ; mild. Mitthtiv. 

2. Mean ; wanting digtiity ; not great. 


3. Not lofty J not fublime. Drydtri, 
LO'WLY. ad. [from/.w.] 

1. Not highly 5 meanly; without gran- 
deu ; wihout dignity, Sbakejpeare, 

2. Humbly ; meekly ; modeftly. Milfos, 
LOWN. /. [liun, Irifh;] A fcoundrel ; a 

r.oraI. Sbakejpeare, 

LO'WNESS. / [from/sw.] 

J. Ab(e?ice of height ; fmall diftance frorn 
thf ground. A'idijcn. 

2. Mtanoefs of condition, whether mental 
or externa], Shaksfpfa-e, 

3. W;tnt of rank ; want of dignity. Soutb, 

4. Want of fublimity 5 contrary to lofti- 
nefs, Donne. 

5. Submiffivenefs. Bacon, 

6. Depreflion ; dpjeftion. Sivift. 
ToLOWT. f. tf. To overpower, Shakefp, 
LOWIHO'UGHTED, a, H.^vu-g the 

thoughts with-held from fublime or hea- 
venly n"ifdit.)tions. Pope, 

LOWSPl'RITED. a, [bio zni.fpirit.~\ De. 
ieivc-d J deprfiffed ; ^ not lively. Lf'ck^, 

LOXODROMICK. / [Xo^a? ?nd ^fotAo:.'\ 
L'x'd-omukis the art of obhquc failing by 
the rbonnb, which always makes an ecjual 
angle with every meridian ; that is, when 
you fail neither dire£liy under the equator, 
nor under one and the fame meridian, but 
acrofs them. 



lO'YAL. a. [loyal, French.] 

1. Obedient j true to the prince. Knollei. 
t. Faithful in love j true to a lady, or 
lover. Milton. 

LO YALIST. /. [from /yj/.J One who 

proftfles unccmnnon adherence to his kine. 


LOYALLY, ad. [from W) Wiih fide- 
lity j w/iih 'rue adherence to a king, To^it. 

LO'YALTY. /. \loiaulte\ French.] 

I. Firm and faithful adherence to a prince. 
7,. Fidfljty to a lady, or lover. 

LC'ZENGE./. II f 'gey French.] 

I. A ihomb. TVottorj. 

a. L^ztnge, is a form of a medicine made 
into fmail pieces, to be held or chewed in 
the mouih till melted or wafted. 
3. A cake of p refer ved fruit. 

Lp. a contra£lion for Lordjhip. 

LU'BBARD. /. {ham lubber.] A lazy fturdy 
fellow. Sivift. 

LU'BBER. /. [.'uhbed, DaniOi, fat.] A 
fturdy drone; i.n ic'e, fit, bulky lolcl ; a 
bo by. Careiv. 

LU'BBERLY. a. [ivoml^bLer.l Lzzy sni 

' bulky. Shakfjpeari. 

LU'CEEJILY. ad. Aukwardlyj clurrfily. 

Dry den. 

LU, f. A g?me at card'. Pope. 

To LU'BRICA IE. -v. a. [ from lubricus, 
Larin.] To m^ke fmcoth or flippery ; to 
fm'oth. Skjrp, 

To LU'BRIGITATE. v.n. \fTom hhncuj, 
Litin ] To fmooth ; to make flppery. 

LUBRI'CITY. /. [lubicus, Latin.] 
I. Siipperinefs ; fmoothncfs of furface. 
i. Aptntis to glide over any part, or to 
facilitate motion. Ray, 

3. Uncertainty ; flipperinefs j jnftability. 


4. Wantonnefs ; lewdneA, Drydtn. 
LU'. RiCK. a. [lubrtcui, Latin.] 

1. Slippery; fmooth on the furface. Crafo. 

2. Uncertain ; unlkady. Wotton. 

3. Wanun j lewd. Drydtn, 
LUBRICOUS, a, [lubncui, Latin.] 

I, Slippery ; I mooth. JVoodivard. 

a. Urcerfain. G ar.vule, 

LUBRIFlCA'TiON. /. [ Iuf>ricus and yfo, 

L3tin.] The?ttof I'moothing. Ra^. 

LUBRIFA'C'i ION. /. [luhncut and faao, 

Latin.] The adt of lubricating or fmt)oth- 

ing. Bacon. 

LUCE, /. [perhaps from lupus, Latin.] A 

pike full grown. Sbakffpeare. 

LU'CENT a. [l:^cers, L&t'in.] Shining j 

bright J fplendid. Ben. yc/bnjon. 

LUCID./. l,uadus, Latin.] 

1. Shning j bright j glittering. Nenvton. 

2. Pellucid; tranfparcnt. Miiton. 

3. Bright with the radiance of intclleft j 
m)t daricened wjih madaefs, Bensiij, 


LUCI'DITY. /. [from lucid.] Splendor; 

brightnefs. £)«•.?• 

LUCl'FEROUS. a, [luci/er, Latin.] Givmj 

light; afF>>rding means of difcovery. Bsyla^ 
LUCI'FICK. a. [lux znd facij, Latin.] 

Making light ; producing light. Grew, 

LUCK. /. [geluck, Dutch.] 

I. Chance } accident j fortune j hap ; ca- 

fual event. Beyle, 

I. Fortune, good or bad. Temple, 

LU'CKILY, ad. [from lucky.] Fortunately 5 

by good hap. Addijon, 

LU'CKINESS. /. [iTomluciy.] Gocd for- 
tune; good hap ; cafual happintfs. Locke, 
LU'CKLESS. a, [trnm luck] Unfortunate j 

unhappy. Suckling, 

LU'tJKY. /. [from luck-, geJuckig, Dutch.] 

Fortunate ; happy by chance. A:difon, 

LU'CRATIVE. a. ['Wran/, French.] Gain. 

fill ; profitable ; brirgirg money. Bacon, 
LUCRE./ [/wfrww, L^tin.] Gain j profit; 

pecuniary advantage. Pfpe^ 

LUcRI FERGUS, a. [lucrum ind fero, Lat.J 

Gainful ; profitable, Boyle^ 

LUCRIFICK. a. [/Wr«»j and /;f/o, Latin.] 

Producing gain. 
LU'CFATION. / [LSicr, Latin.] Strug- 
gle ; effort j ronteit. 
To LU'CUBRATE. /. [ lueubror, Latin. ] 

To watch ^ to ftudv by mght. 
LUCUBRA'TION. /. [Uubra'io, Latin.] 

Study by candle-light; nodurnil lludy ; 

anv thing compofed by night. Taller. 

LUCUBRA TORY. a. [lucuiratotiut, Lat.J 

Compofed by candie-light. Pof,e, 

LU'CULENT. a. [/aci//f«r«f, Latin. 1 

1. Clear; tranfparent j lucid. Thomfon, 

2, Certain ; evident. Hooker, 
LUDICROUS, a. [ludiar, Latin.] Bur- 

lefque j merry j fportive ; exciting laugh- 
ter. Nctei on the Odyjjey. 

LU'DICROUSLY. ad. [from ludicrout. J 
Sp rtveiy; in builefque. 

LU'DICROUSNESS. / [from luditrout.] 
BurJefque; fportivenefr. 

LUDIFICA'TION. /. [ludifcor^ Lat.] The 
a£t cf mocking. 

To LUFF. -v. n. [cr Iccf.] To keep clofe to 
the wind. Sea term. Drydcn, 

To LUG. T'. «. [aluccan, Saxon, to pull. J 

1. To ball or drag; to pull with rugged 
violence. Collier, 

2. To LvG out. To draw a fword, in bur- 
lefque language. Drydn, 

To LUG. v.n. To drag J to come heavily, 

LUG. /. 

1. A kind of ^mall fifh, Carev/. 

2. [ In Scotland,] An ear. 

3 A land meafure ; a pole or perch. 
LU GGAGE. /. [ trom /ug. J Any thing 
cumbrous and unwcildy. Glarville, 


L U M 

UJGU'BRIOU';. a. [lugubre, French; 
lugubrii, Luin.J Mournfol ; forrowful. 

Dcc^y of Puty. 

1. Moderately or mildly warm. Netutoh. 
a. Indifferent j not ardent ; not zealous. 

D>-\dcn. jiddifon, 
LU'KEWARMLYi ad. [from'the adjeaivc. j 
i. With moderite wafmlb, 

2. With i'-'d ftVrencP» 

LU KEWARM N'l SS. /. [from hh'warm.'\ 

1. JVI'deraie or pieafing heat, 

a Inviffeit-nve 5 want of ardour. Spratt, 
To LULL, v.a, [ ulu, Danifn ; la'lo, Lat.J 

1. To coir.pofe to fkep by a piea/ing found. 

a To compofe j to quiet j to put to reft, 


LU'LLABY. /. [from lulW] A fong to fliil 

b bef. Fairfax. Locke. 

LUMBA'GO. /. Lumhago''s are pains very 

troublcfome about the joins and fmall of 

the back. i^iTicy, 

LUMBER./, [sel'.ma. S^xon, houlhold- 

ftuff.j Any thing ufelefs or cumberfome, 

ToLU'MBER. v. a. [from the noun.] To 

heap like ufeldi goods irregularly. Rymtr, 
ToLU'MBER -v.n. To move heavily, as 

b;)"hfned with h>s own bulk. D'yden, 

LU'MINARY /. [Lt^inare,hiim,] 

i. Any body which gives light. Mihon, 

a. Any thing which gives intelligence. 


3. Any one that inftruds mankind. 

Bent ley. 
LUMINA'TION./ [ftotnlumen.-\ EirulTjon 

of Ji°hf. Dia. 

LU'MI^OUS. /. [/«w/«ft^,r, French.] 

1. Shining; emitting light. Mi'ton. 

a. Enlightened, MtJov. 

3, Shining J bright, J\le%u(6n. 

tUMP. /. [iom^i, Dutch.] 

1. A fri.all m fs of any matter. Bo^Ie, 

2. A rtiapelefs nnafs. Keil. 

3. Mafs undiftinguirtied. Woodivard. 

4. The whole together i the grofs. 


To LUMP. -v. a. To take in the grofs, with- 
out attention to particulars. Addifofi. 

tU'MPFlSH. /. [/«w;. and //?> J lumfus, 
Latin. ) A fort cf fi/l). 

LU'MPING, a. [ix^mluml-.'] Large; hea- 
- vy ; great. Ahutbnot. 

LU'MI'JSH. a. [from/iw;-.] Heavy j grofs } 
dtill ; un-iflive. Rahgb. Si^ck'ino-. Dryd. 

I,U MPISHLY. ad. [fr( xn lum^ijhr^ With 
hpi'Vjnefs : with flupidity. 

LU'MPL>HNESS. /. [from the adj>aive.] 
Stupid hcovinefj. 

LU'MPY. a. \ix<vn\lump.'\ Full of lumps j 
fuii of compad mafTes, Mortimer , 

L U R 

LU'NACY. / [from luna, the moon,] A 
kind of madnefs influenced by the moon.' 
Sbakffpeare, Suckling. 

LU'NAR. 7 a. [lunaris, Latin.] Relating 

LU'NARY. i to the moon j under the do- 
minion of the moon, Broivn, 

LU'NARY. /. [lur.aria, Latin j lunaire, Fr.] 
Mconvrort. Drayton, 

LU'NATED. a. [from luna.] Formed like 
a half-mcon. 

L'UNATICK. a. Mad; having the ima- 
gination influenced by the moon. Shakefp. 

LUNATICK. /. A madman. Graurt, 

LUNATION. /. [luna, Latin.] The re- 
volution of the moon. H'ider. 

LUNCH. 7 /. [from clutch or chncJb.] 

LU'NCHEON. S As much food as one's 
hand can hold. Gay, 

LUNE. /. [luna, Latin.] 

1. Any thing in the ftiape of an half moon. 

2. Fits of lunacy or frenzy j mad freaks, 

S hake fpe are, 
LUNE'TIE.f. [French.] A fmall half moon. 


LUNGS./, [lurgen, Sa5fon.] The lights j 

the part by which breath is infpired and 

expired. Dry den, 

LUTvGED, a. [from .'£/?:j'j.]^Haviijg lungs j 

having the n?.n;re of lungs. Dryder. 

LUNG GROWN, a. [ lung and gvown. ] 

The luijjs fometimcs grow fdl to the /kin 

that lines the breart j fuchare lung.gronvti, 


LU'NGWORT. / \^pu\monaria, Latin.] A 

plant Miller, 

LUNlcO'LAR. a. {lunifohve, French j lur.a 

and Jolarii, Laiir;.] Compounded of the 

revolution ijf the fun and moon. 

LUNT. / [^«re, Dutch.) The matchcord 

with which guns are fired. 
LUPINE. /. [/«/>;>;, French.] A kind of 
pulle. Diyden, 

LURCH. /. To have in <Z>e Lu R C H . To 
leAve in a forlorn or deferted condition. 

To LURCH. 'V.n. [/ofr^-ff, Dutch.] 

I. T<^ rtiift ; to play tricks. Sbohfpeare, 
z. To lie in wait : we now rather vfelurk, 
L''Ef range. 
To LURCH, -v. a. {krcor, Latin.] 

1. To devour J to fwallow greedily. 


2. To defeat ; to difappoint. South, 
7. To fl:eal privily ; to filch j to pilfer. 

LURCHER./, [trom lurch.] 

1. One that watches to fteal, or lo betray 
or entrap. Tatler, 

2. {Lurco, Latin.] A glutton j a gorman- 

LURE. /. [leurre, French.] 

I. bomethiog held out to call a hawk. 


2. Any 

L U S 

a. Any enticement; any thing tbat pro- 

mifes advantage. Defbarr. 

To LURE. -v. n. [from the noun.] To call 

haviks. Bacon. 

To LURE. V, a. To attract ; ti entice ; to 

draw. Cay, 

LU'RID. a, [/f/nVi/i, Litln.] Gloomy ; dif- 

ffial. Ibomfon, 

To LURK. To lie in wait J to lie hid- 
den; to lie clofe. Spmfcr, 
LU'RKER. /. [irom lurk.] A thief that lies 

i'l Wilt. 
LURKING PLACE. /. [!urk and p!acf.] 

Hiding piace ; fscret piace. \ S-Jir,, 

LUSCIOUS, a. {irom iuxurioui.'\ 

1. Sweet, !o as to nauftace. 

a. vSvveet in a great degree. Drydsr. 

3. Plenfing 5 delightfol. Houtb. 

LU'.SCIOUSLY. aJ. [from lufisus.] Sweet 

to a preat degree. 
LU'SCIOUSNESS. /. [from lufrious.] Im- 

mr.derare fweetnet's Dt'oiy ff Piety. 

LU'SERN. J. [.upui cervarius, Lif.n.] A 

LUSH. a. Of a dark, deep, full colour, 

cppofite to pale and taint. i^bahfiteare. 

LUSK. a. [/«/<:^^, F/ench.] Idle j lazy; 

LUSKI--H. a. [from/://.] Somewhat in- 
clinable to l;izinef'* or indolence. 
LU'SKLSHLY. ad. [from /^/./a] Lazily; 

LUSKISHNESS /. [from^/'/j.j A dif- 

pofirinn to hzincfs. Sp'nfer. 

LUSO'RIOUS. a. [/tt/or;«j, Litin.] Ufed in 

play; fporrive. Bif/o'.p Sjr.derjon. 

LUSORY. a. [luforius,hiX.\ Ufedinplay. 

LUST. /. [!i:rr, Saxon.] 

1. Carnal defKe. Taylor, 

2. Any violent or irregular defire. 

To LUST. V. ft. 

1. To defire carnally. Rofcommon. 

2. To defire vehemently. Knolles. 

3. To lift J to like. Pfolms. 

4. To have irregular difpofitions, James. 
LU'S'iFUL. a. [/t//? and/:/.'/.] 

1. Libidinous J having irregular defires. 


2. Provoking to fenfuality j inciting to 
luft. Ml/ton, 

LUSTFULLY, ad. [frcm lu^f^/u/.] Wit|i 

fenfual concuoifcencc. 
LU'.;TFULNESS. /. [from /«/?/«/.] Libidl- 

n' ufT«r?. 
LU'^TIHED. If. [from /://?)•.] Vigour; 
LU'STjIHOOD. 5 fprightiinefs ; corporal 

abilW. Sbakefpeare. 

LU'STILY. ad. [from /:.;?>•.] Stoutly ; with 

vjgowr^ with mettle. K<:oiles. Southern. 
LU'STlNESS. /. [from iuj}y.'[ Stoutnefs ; 

fiux<J?nefs jftrength ; rigour ot body. Dryd^ 


LU'STLESS. a. [ixomJuji.\ NotTigorow; 

weak. ipetifer, 

LU'STRAL. a. [hjfra/e^ Flinch j lu/irafis, 

Latin,] Ufed in purification. Ga-tb^ 

LUSTRA'TION. J. [iujiratio, Latin,] Pd- 

rificarion by water. 6aidys. Prior^ 

LU'STRE. /. [lyjire, Frenrh. ] 

I. B ighinds; fplcndour j glitter. Daviti^ 

z. A fconie with lights, /'♦/>«. 

3. Eminence ; renown, Szvi/i, 

4. The fpace of nvc years. Balir'gir-^ke, 
LU'cJTRING. /, [from iujire.] A Hiiaing 


LU'STROUS, a. [fiom lujire.-] Bright; 
fliiningj luminous. ^^bak-'/f'tart. 

LU'STWORT. /. [/u/iandivjrt.] An herb, 

LU'STY a. [ip/ig, D^ii^h.] Scout; vigo- 
rous; healthy J ^ble of body. Otivay, 

LU'TANIST. J. [from /u:e.] One who 
plays upon the lute. 

LUrA'R.10US. ^. yufarius,L^tw.] Liv- 
ing in mu.i ; of the colour of mud. Grew, 

LU TE. /. [/utb, lut, French.] 

1. A ftringed inftrumcnt ut mufirk. 


2. A compflfition like day, with which 
chemifts clofe up their veiicl . Garth, 

To LUTE. v.a. To clufe with lot.", or 
chemifts clay. PFnkint, 

LU'TULENT. a. [/a/i.<V/7rttf, Latin.] Mud- 
dv ; turbid. 

To LUX. 7 v.a. [i'xer^ French.] To 

To LU'XATE, ^ put out of joint ; to dif- 
{''•in'. fVifeman^ 

LUXA'TION. /. [from hx:, Latm.] 

1. Tiie ad of disjointing. 

2. Any thing disjointed. Fl^er, 
LUXE. f. [French j luxui, Latin,] Luxury ; 

voluptuoufnefs. Prior, 

LU'XURIANCE. 7 /. [from luxuriant, Lat.] 
LU'XURIANCY. 5 Exuberance; abun- 
dant or wan'on plentv or growth. Sp'Slat, 
.LUXURIANT, a. llLxu>i7ns,Ut\n.] Ex- 
uberant ; fuperfluoufly plenteous. Milton, 
To LUXURIATE, v.n. [/z.*«r/or, Latin.] 
To graw exuberantly ; to fhoot with fu- 
perfluous plentv. 
LUXU'RIOUS. a. [luxurieux, Fr. luxurio^ 
fui, Litin.] 

1. Delighring in the pleafures of the tab!?, 

2. Admlniftring to luxury. Anonym, 

3. Luftful ; libidinous Shak pe^re, 
j^. Voluptuous J enllaved to pleafure. 


5. Softening by pleafure, Dr^dc^, 

6. Lv!xuriant ; exuberant. Milton. 
LUXU'RIOUSLY. ad. ['rota hxurous.] 

Deliciouily ; voluptuoufly. 

Siukcfpeare. Dryd. n, 
LUXURY. /. [It^xurij, Latin.] 

I. Voluptuoufnefs J addidcdnefs to plea- 
fare, /t/// on. 
a. LA\: 

L Y M 

«. La(! J lewdnefs. Skahefpearet 

3. Luxuriance ; exuberancr, J3acon» 

4. Ddicious fare. Addifcn^ 
LY. V. n. [When ly terminates the name of 

a place, it is derived from le^j , Saxon, 

a field J when it ends an adjeftive or ad- 

*erb, ir is c^ntrafted from luhf like ; as, 


LYCA'NTHROPV. /. [Xi'xo- and ^vS-^a- 

TToc.J A kind of madnels, in which men 

have the quaiities of wild beafts. Tayor, 

LYEKE. a, ^or like. Spcnfer, 

LY'ING. The participle of //V. SLakefp, 

LYMPH./ [lympba,l.?^i\n.] Water; tranl- 

parent coluurleis liquor. Jrbuthr.ot. 

LY'MPHATED. a. [/yw;./j.i/aj, Lar.] Mad. 

LY'MPHATICK. f. [from lymf,ha, Latin.] 

The lym^hattcki are llerider pellucid tubet. 

L Y R 

whofe cavities are contra^ed at fmall ami 

unf^qual diftances : they are carried into 

the glands of the mcfcntery. 
LY'MFHEDUCT. /. [lymi^ha and duaus, 

Latin.] A veil'el which conveys the lymph» 


LYNX. f. [Latin.] A fpotted bead, re. 

markable for fpced and fliarp fight. Locke, 
LYRE. /. [/>'r^, French; .>rj, Latin.] A 

harp; a mulica] ml^rument. Priori 

LY'RICAL. 7 a. [lyricus, Latin.] Pertain- 
LY'RICK. i ing to an harp, or to odes or 

poetry fung to an harp j hnging to an harp, 


LY'RICK. /, A poet who writes fongs to 

the harp. /Jn'difon, 

LY'KIST. [lyr; fits, L^iin:\ Amuficianwho 

plays upon the harp. Pop:» 




MHas, in Englifh, one unvaried found, 
by rompreflion of the lips ; as, 
MACAROONE. /. [macaronty Italian.] 

1. A coarfe, rude, low fellow j whence 
rnacaronick poetry. 

2. A kind of fweet bifcuit, made of flower, 
almonds, egg% and fuijar. 

MAC A'W- TREE. /. A fpecies of the palm- 
tree. Miller^ 

MACA'W. /, A bird in the Weft In- 

MACE. /. [maj^a. Six. mafa^ Spanifli.] 

1. An enfjgn of authority worn before mi- 
giftrates. ' Spenfer. 

2. [Mafue, French J m^ffj, Latin.] A 
heavy blunt weapon j a club of metal. 


3. [A/i7m, Lnln.] A kind of fpice. The 
nutmeg is inclofed in a threefold covering, 
of which the fecnnd is mace. Hill, 

MACEA'LE /. [mace and ale.'\ Ak fpiced 
with mace. IVifetnsn. 

MA'CEBEARER./. [maeezni bearer.-] One 
who carries the mace. SpeBator, 

To MA'CERATE. -v. a. [rracero, Lztm.] 
I, To make lean ; to wear sway. Harvey. 
a. To mortify j to harrafs with corporal 
^ardfhip?. Burton. 

3. To Oeep almoft to folution, either with 
Or without heat, ^rbutbnor, 

MACEKA'TION, /. [from macerate.] 
J. The adl of wafting, or making lean. 


2. Mortification; corporal hardfhip. 

3. Maceration is an infufion either with 
or without heat, wherein the ingredients 
are intended to be almoft wholly diflolved. 

MA'CHINAL. a. [from macbiha, Latin.] 

Relating to machines. 
To MA'CHINATE. -v. a. [macbinor, Lzt.] 

To plan ; t'l contrive, 
MACHINa'TION. /. [macbinatio, Latin.] 

Artifice J contrivance; malicious fcheme. 

Sandy!. Spratt, 

MACHrNE. /, [macbina, Latin j machine^ 


I, Any complicated piece of worknnanfhip. 

s. An engine. , Dryden, 

3. Supernatural agency in poems. Pope* 
MACHI'NERY. /. [from macbtne.'] 

I. Enginery ; complicated woikmanfhip, 

a. The machine>y fignifies that part which 

the deities, angels, or demons, aft in a 

poem. Pope, 

MA'CHINIST. /. [macbinifie, French,] A 

conftriiftor of engines or machines. 
MA'CILENCY, /. [ftom vacUent.] {^SAa- 

nefs. ify 

MA'CILENT. a. [wji<:/7«/wi, Latin. f Lean. 
MA'CKF.REL. /. [mac^eretj, Dutt^i.J A 

fe3-fifh. Gay^ 

MA'CKERELGaLE. a ftrong breeze. 


MA'CROCOSM. /. Ifxa^tfo; and Wssr/zo? ] 

' The 


The whole world, or vifibie fyftem, in op- 

pofltioH to the microcofm, or woild of 

MACTA'TION. /. [maHatus, L^un.] The 

adl of killing for fdcrifice. 
MACULA. /. [Latin.] 

1. A fpor. Burnet. 

2. [In phyfick.] Any fpots upon the /Icin, 
whether thole in fevers or fcorbutick ha- 

To MACULATE, v. a. [mjcu.'o, Lit'in.] 

To ftiin ; to Ipot. 
MACULA'TION. /. [from macuhfe.]Stim ; 

fpot J taint. Shdktfp are. 

MA'CULE. /. [macula, hiUn.'\ A fpot j a 

MaD. a. [jemaad, Saxon.] 

1. Difordered in the mind j broken in the 

underftanding ; diftracled. Taylor. 

1. Over-run with any violent or umea- 

fonahie defire. Rymer. 

3. Enraged ; furiou?. Decay of Piety, 
To MAD. v.a. To make mad j to make 

furiousj to enrage. Sidney. 

To MaD. v.n. To be mad 3 to be furiour, 

MAD./. [maXu, Saxon,] An earth worm. 


MA'DAM. /. \_ ma dame, French, my 
dame.] The term of compliment ufed in 
addrefs to ladies of every degree. 

Spenfer. PhiUips. 

MA'DBRAIN. 7 a. [mad and brain.] 

MA'DBRAINED. 5 Difordered in the 
mind j hotheaded. Sbahjpeare. 

MA'DCAP, /. A madman J a wild hot- 
brained fellow, Sbakefpeare, 

To MADDEN, v.n. [Uom mad.} To be- 
come mad J to a£t as mad. Pope, 

To MA'DDEN. f. a. To make mad. 


MA'DDER. /. A plant. 

MADE, participle preterite of make. J^bn, 

MADEFA'CTION. /. [madefacioy Latin.] 
The z€t cf making wer. Bacon. 

To MA'DEFV". v. a. [n:adefio ^hiKin.] 'To 
moiften ; to make wet. 

MaDGEHOWLET. /. An owl. ^/Vw. 

MA'DHOUSE. /. [madzn6ho,fe.] A houfe 
where madmen aie cured or confined. 


MA'DLY. ad. [from mad.'] V/ithcut un- 
derftanding. Dryden. 

MA'DMAN. /. [mad !^nd man.] A man de- 
prived of his underftanding. 

LEfircirge. Soutb. 

MA'DNESS. /. [fcommad.] 

I. Diftraflion 5 lofs of underftanding ; per- 
turbation of the focultius. Lo ke. 
z. Fi;ry; wildnefs ; r^ge. K. Charles. 

MADRI'ER. /. A thick pUnk armed with 
iron plates, having a cavity fufficient to 
xectivc the ir.outh ef the pcurd when 


charged, with which it is applied ag^inft a 

gate Bailey. 

MA'DRIGAL./. [madrigal, Spiwdiini Fr.J 

A p.-\rtorai fong. Dryden. 

MA'DWORT,/. [madaniii'ort.'] An herb. 
M/E'<E. aJ. It is derived from the Saxon 

mrji, famous, great. G.hfon. 

To MATFLE. I.. ;r. To ftammsr. Amftv. 
MAFFLER /. [from the verb.] A ftam- 

merer, A nfnvorth, 

MAGAZI'N'E. /. [magjzin?, French.] 

1. A fto.-ehouf?, commooly an arfenal or 
armoury, or repoficory of provifions. Pope, 

2. Of late this word has fignified a mifceU 
laneous pamphlet, from a periodical mif- 
cellany named the Gentleman's Magazinf, 
by Edzvard Cave. 

Mage. /. [mjgus, Latin.] A magician. 

MA'GGOT. /. [ma«u, S^xon.] 

1. A fm.i!l grub which turns into a fly. 


2. Whimfy J caprice j odd fancy. 

MA'GGOTTINESS. /. [from maggotty.} 

Tfte ftate nf abounding with maggots. 
MA'GGOTTV. ad. [from maggot.] 

1. Full of maggots. 

2. Capricious J whimfical. Njrris, 
MA GICAL. /. [from migick.] Ading, or 

pcrformtd by fecret and mvihble powers. 
MXGlCM.hY. ad. [irom magical.] Ac- 

cordintj to the rites ot magick. Camden, 
MA'GICK. /. [magia, L^im] 

1. The art of putting in adlion the piwer 
of fpirit;. Rogers, 

2. The fecret opi:ra;ions of natural powers, 

MA'GICK, a, Incantating; necromantick. 


MAGI'CIAN. /. [magicus, Latin. J One 

fkiUed in magick j an enchanter ; a ne. 

cromancer, Locke, 

MAGISTp:RlAL. a. [from w^^/y?^'-, Lat.] 

1. Such as fui s a mjfte.'. KmgCbar.'es, 

2. Lofty J arrogant} proud j infolent ; 
defpotick. South, 

3. Chemically prepared, after the manner 
of a magif^erv. Gretv, 

MAGISTE'RIALLY. ad. [frommagijlerijl.] 
Arrogantly. South, 

MAGl.STE'RIALNEESS. /. [from magi- 
Jicrial.] Haughtinefs ; airs of a mafter. 

Govern 'nerr of the Tongue, 

MAGISTERY./. [magtflerium,\^-\r..'\ Ma- 
giperf is a term made ufe of by chemi.ts to 
f^gnify fom£tim«s a very fine powder, and 
fomecimes refios and re/inous fubft^nces ; 
but the genuine acceptation is that prepa- 
ration of any body, wherein the whole, 
or moft p:irt^ is, by tbs addition of foms 

4 F 




what, changed Into a body of quite another 
kind. ^ircy, Boyle, 

MA'GISTRACV. /. [imig^jiratus, Latin.] 
Office or digoity of a magiftrate. 

Ben. Johrjon. 

^A'GISTRALLY. ad. [tnagiftrabf, i w 

Latin, ] EJefpoticalJy } authoritatively j 

magiftenally. B (hop Bramhal. 

MA'GISTRATE. /. [^r^^/^r^w, Latr; ] 

A man pubiickly invelled with authority j 

a govei n"ur. Decc!,y of Piety. 

RIAGNAUTY. /. [mag^alia. Latin.] A 

great thing j Ibmething above the common 

rate. Broivn. 

IVlAGNANI'MITY./. \inagnanmtn, Lat,] 

Gieatnefs of mind j bravery j ek vation of 

foul. Sfenfer. Sivift. 

MAGNA'NIMOUS. a. \mag«amwus, Lat.j 

Great of mind j elevated in fentiment } 

brave. Greiv. 

MAGNA'NIMOUSLY. aJ, [from m<2gna- 

stimous^] Bravely J with greatnefs of mind. 


MA'GNET. /. [wa^w^j, Latin.] Theiode- 

fto"e ; theii ne thdtattradts iron, Dryden, 

MAGNh'TICAL. 7 ., ,t 

IWAGNETICK. l"- U'ommagr^ei.^ 

1. R-l:.ting to die magnet. Neivton. 

a. Hwing powers correfpondent to tht.le 

of the magnet. Neivton. 

3. Attr<idtivej having the power to draw 
thines diftant. Donne, 

4. Mjgnetick is once ufed by JVLliun for 

MA'GNETJSM. /. [from x^.^gnet.] Power 
of the Jodeltoiie 5 power of auraftion. 


MAGNIFI'ABLE. a. [from m^gfify.] To 

be extolled or praifed, Unufual Brown. 

MAGNI FIC.VL, 7 a. [magni/icus, LiUn.] 

MAGNl'flCK. 5 lUuflnousi grand. 

1 Chron. 

MAGNITICENCE. /. [magwficentia.hzt.^ 

Gr^nd.-ur <f appearance j fple^^dour. Milt, 

MAGNIFICENT, a. [magnijicus, Latin.] 

I. G> and in appearance J I'piendid 5 pom- 

p*'US. }iuditon. 

7. Fond of fplendour 5 fetting greatnefs to 

fhew- Sidney. 

MAGNI'FICENTLY. ad. [from msgmfi. 

cent. I t^jmpolifly ; fplendidly. Grew, 

MA'GNIFICQ. /. [Italian,] A grandee of 

Ve.nce, Shakefpeare. 

MA'GNIFIER. /. [from magnify.'] 

1. Qne that praifes j an encomiafl; an 
extoller. Brcwn, 

2. A glafs that encreafes the bulk of any 

3. To raife in pride or pretenfion. Dan. 

4. To encreafe the bulk of any objea to 
the eye. Ucke, 

MAGNITUDE. /. [magnitudo, Latin.] 

1, Grcatnei's ; grandeur. Mtlton* 

2. Comparative bulk. Raleigh. Neivtcn, 
MA'GPIE./, Iftomfie, and mjg, contradted 

from Margaret.'] A bird fometimes taught 

to talk. Peacbam, 

MAG YD ARE. /. [magudaris, Latin,] An 

herb. Ainf-worth. 

MAID. 7 r r ^ o T 

MA'IDEN. 5 ■^' C"^^^""' ma^stoen. Sax.] 
I. An unmarried woman } a virgin. 

7., A woman fervant. Prior, 

3. Female. 

MAID f. A fpecies of fkate fi/h. 

MA'IDEN. a. 

I. Confifting of virgins. Addijon, 

a, Frefh ; new 5 unufed j unpolluted. 


MA'IDES'HAIR. /. [matden nn^ hair.] A 
plant. Peacbanio 


MA'IDLNHODE, ( /. [fiom 772a;den.] 


1, Virginity J virgin purity; freedom from 
contamiiiatioo, Fairfax. Shaktjp. Milt, 

2. Newnefbj frefh.iels j uncontaminattd 
ftate, Wotton, 

MA'IDENLIP. /. An herb. Jinjioorth, 
MAIDENLY, a. [maiden zn^ like.] Like a 

maid j gentle, modtft, timorous, decent, 


MAaDHOOD. /. [from maid.] Virginity. 


MA'IDMARIAN. /. [puer ludius,LM\n.] 

A kind of dance. Ten.ple, 

MA'IDPALE. a. [maid zn6 paie.] Pale like 

a fick virgin. Shakefpeare, 

MAIDSE'RVANT. / A female fervant, 


MATE'oTICAL. 7 ^c • a ^ 

•I ^ ^ [from inaj(Jiy.\ 


To MA GNIFY. v. a, 

I. To make great j 

amplify ; to ^xtoi. 

[tKagniJjco, Lstin.] 

to exaggerate ; to 


.}. To exalts to elevate 5 to raife 




I. Auguftj having dignity ; grand j im- 
.periai. Dtnham. 

%. Siateiy ; pompous ; fp'endid. Hooker. 

3, Sublime j elevated j lofty. Dryden, 

MAJESTICALLY, ad. [from m^jejlical.} 

With digiJiiy ; vvi'h grandeur. Cran'vilie. 
M'AJESTY. /. [Tnajepas, L^^tm.] 

1, D gnity J grandeur 5 greatnefs of ap- 
pearance, Mi'iton., 

2. Power 5 fovereignty. Dar,iel. 

3. Dignity ; elevation. Dryden. 

4, The title of kii".gs and queens. 

MAIL. /. [Kail'.e, French.] 

3. A coat of fletl network worn for de- 
fence. Fairfax. 
2. Any arm car. Gay, 

M A I 

3 A poftnian's buodlej a bag. 
To MAIL. v.a. To arm dcfenfively ; to 

cover, as with armour. b>hakijpeare. 

To MAIM. V. a. [mekaigner, to maim, old 

Fren.J To deprive of any necefTary part j 

to cripple by lofs of a limb. Shakcfpcare. 
MAIM. /. [from the veib.J 

1. Privation of fome eHeiiti.!! part j lame- 
nefs, produced by a wound or amputation. 


2. Injury j mifchief. Shakejpcare, 

3. E.Tential defe>fl. Hayivard. 
Main. a. [magne, old French.] 

f. Principal 5 chief i leading. Hooker. 

2. Violent ; flrong ; overpowering j vaft. 


3. Grofs ; containing the chief part. 

^b^ke'p are, 

4. iTiportant j forcible. Daiies, 

Main. /. ^ 

1. The grofs ; the bulk j the greater part, 

a. The fum j the whole j the general. 

KtfJg Charles, . 

3. The ocean. Prior. 

4. Violence j force, Iludibras. 

5. A h-ind at dire, Skakjpeare. Dorjet, 

6. The continetit. Bacon. 

7. A hamper. JI tficcrth. 
MA'iNLAND. /. [main ?,nA land.] Conti^ 

nent. Sferijtr. 
MA'INLY. ad. [from main.] 

1. Chiefly ; principally. Wocdiuard. 

2. Greatlv 5 powerfully. Bacon, 
MA'INMASl'. /. [matn and moj}.] The 

chi?f or middle mart. D'ydn. 

MAINPERNABLE, a. Bailable j that may 

be admitted to give furety. 
MAINPERNOR. /. Surety j bail. 

MA'INPRISE. /. [main^n^pris, French] 

Deliviry into the cuflody of a friend^ up' n 

fecurity given f >r appearance. Daiiet. 

To MA'INf»R!SE. 1', a. To bail. 
MA'iNSAIL. /. [rr.a:n and;^//.] The fail 

of the mair.mafh y^&s, 

MA'INSHlET. /. [maimt)dJJje^t] The 

/heet or f.-il of the mainmaft. Diyden. 

MA'INYARD. /. [mam ini yard.] The 

yard of rh; mainmail. Arbuthnot, 

To MAINTA'IN. -v. a. [maintenir, French.] 

1. To preferve J to keep. Harviy. 

2. To defend j to hold out j to make g. od. 


3. To vindicate ; tojufiify. Sbakejpeare. 

4. T>) continue ; to keep up. D'yden, 

5. To keep up j to fupporl the expence of. 


6. To fupport with the conveniences of 
"li'V. South. 
7 To preferve from failure. B'jcl-more, 

To MAINTA'IN. -v. n. To fuppoit by ar- 
gument j to afTat Bs a tenet. VrjdcK, 

xM A K 

Maintainable, a. [from maintain.] 

D.-^fcnfJhle ; jwftihable. t^aytvard, 

MAINTAINER. /. [ftom maintain J Sup- 
porter j f her (ht-r. i>f>tnfert 
MAINTENANCE. / [maintenanty Fr.J 
i. Supply of rhe nect-fT-nes of life j fuf- 
tenance ; fuftentati'jn. Hooker, 

2. Support J protection ; defence. Spenfer, 

3. Contiouancej fecurity from failure. 

MA'INTOP. /. [main ^nd top.] The top of 
the mainmaft. Addijon^ 

MA'JOR. a. [w/r^r, Latin.] 

I. Greater innumber, quantity, or extent. 
7.- Greater in dignity. Shakefpeart, 

MA'JOR. /. 

1. The officer above the captain. 

2. A mayor or head officer of a towrt. 

3. The firft proportion of a fyllogifm, 
containing generality. Boyle. 

4. Ma-}ov.- gen ral. The general officer 
of the fecond rank. Tatler, 
5- Major-^o/to. One who holds occa«* 
fiOT^Hv the place of mafter of the houfe. 

MAJORA'TION. /. [from majcr.] En- 
creafe j enlargement. Bacort, 

MAjO'RITy. /. [from Kajor.] 

I- The ftate of being greater. Greta, 

2. The greater number. AddijOKt 

3. Anceflry. Broivn. 
^i Full age J end of minority. Daviest 

5. Firft rank. Shak'fpearet 
C» The office of a maj^r. 

MAIZE, or Iridi.^n fVheaf. f. Miller, 

To MAKE. ■z\a. [macan, Saxon j macben, 
Ger.'nan ; rr.aken, Dutch.] 

1. To create. Gen'fit, 

2. To f.rm of materials. Ho'der. 

3. To compofc : as, materials or ingredi- 
ents. JValler, 

4. To form by art what is not natural. 


5. 'to produce as the agent. Hooker. 

6. To produce as a caufc. Ptont, 

7. Todo} to perform j to pra£life ; to ufe. 


8. To caufe to have any quality. 


9. To bring into any ftate or condition. 


10. To form ; to fettle. Roive, 

11. To hold ; to keep. Dryden, 

12. To ftcure from diftrefs J to ertablifl* 
in riches <r happinefs. Shake peart. 

13. To fuffer ; to incur. Dryden. 

14. To commit. Sb,^ 

15. To compel j to force j to condram. 

J 6. To intend ; to purpofe to do. Dryden, 
17, To raife as profit from any thing. 


4 F » i3. T« 

M A K 

M A L 

to arrive at. 

to gain by force. Tetr.pU. 



32. To Make aivay. 

39, To gam. 

20. To force ; 

21. To exhibit. 

22. To pay j to give. 
a3. To put J toplatei. Bacon. 

24. Toturn to fome ufe. D'yden. 

25. Toinclins; todifpofe. BroTvn. 
a6. To prove as an argument. Hooker, 
27. To reprefent j to fliow. Baker, 
s8. To tonflitute. Locke, 

29. To amount to. Gal. 

30. To mould ; to form. Bacon, 

31. To Make tixvay. To kill; to de- 
ftroy. Sidney. 

To transfer. 


33. To Make account. To reckon; to 
believe. Bacon. 

34. To Make account of . To eftcem j to 

35. ToM^ViJ-frteivith. Totreatwith- 
cut ceremony. Dur.ciaJ. 

36. To Make good. To maintain; to 
defend; tojuftify. Knol'es. 

37. To Make good. To fulfil; to ac- 
compliih. Shakefpeare. 

38. To Make light of. To ton/ider as of 
no confequence. Matibciv. 

39. 7oMake lovs. To court; to play 
ihe gallant. ^iddijon, 

40. To Make merry. To feaft ; to par- 
■ take I f an entertainment. S/jakefpeare. 

41.- To Make much of. To cherifh ; to 

42. To Ma kt. of. 
how to underfland. 

43. To Make cf. 

44. To Make of. 
count ; to efteem. 

45. To Make of. Tocheri/h 

46. To Make O'ver. 
hands of truftecr. 

47. To Make over. 



What to make of, is, 


To produce from ; to 


To confider j to ac- 


to fofter. 


fettle in the 


To transfer. 

4S. To Make cut. To cleai ; to ex- 
plain ; to clear to one's felt. ^rbuthvot. 

49. To Make out. To prove; to evince. 


50. To Make Jure of. To confider as 
certain. Dryden. 
CI. "oMAKzfure of To fcture to one's 

56. To Make I//). To fhape. Arkuthnct 

57. To Make up. To fupply ; to repair, 


58. To Make up. To clear. Rogers^ 

59. To Make up. To i»ccompli/h ; to 
conclude ; to complete. Locke, 

To MAKE. v.n. 

1. To tend; to travel; to go anyway; 
to tufh. Shakejpeare, 

2. To contribute. H-iiift, 

3. To operate j to aft as a proof or argu- 
ment, or caufe, 

4. To concur. Hooker, 

5. To fhevv J to appear 5 to carry appear- 
ance. Arbutbnot. 

6. To Make aivay ivitb. To deftroy ; to 
kill. Addfon. 

7. To MAKE/or. To advantage J to fa- 
vour. Bacor, 

8. To Make up. To compenfate ; to be 
inflead. 6tvift, 

MAKE./, [from the verb-] Form; ftruc- 
ture ; nature. G/tJt.viHe, 

MAKE. f. [maca, Saxon.] Companion. 

Ben. Jchnfon. 

MA'KEBATE. /. [tr.ake and delate.} Breed- 
er of quarrels. Kiidney, 

MAKER. /. [from make.] 

1. The Creator. Milton. 

2. One who makes any thing. Pope. 

3. One who fets any thing in its proper 
Itare. Ajcbam, 

MA'KEPEACE./. [make unA peace.] Peace- 
maker ; reconciler. Shakejpeare, 
MAKEWEIGHT. /. [make ind.ivagbt.] 
Any fmaJi thing thrown in to make up 
weight. PhMpi. 
MALACHl'TE. /. This flone is green, fo 
as in colour to refemble the mallow, fja- 
^cL-^n ; fometimes it is veined or fpotted. 
MA'LADY./. [maladie.Vrench.] Adifeafe^ 
a diftempcr ; a diforder of body j ficknefs. 


MALA'NDERS. /. j; from mal andare, 

leal.] A dry fcab on the partem of horfes. 

MA'LaPERT. a. [mai ind pert.] Saucy j 

quick with impudence. Dryden^ 

MA'LAPERTNESS. /, [fjommalopeit.] 

Livelinefs of reply without decency ; quick 

impudence ; faucinefs. 

MA'LAPERTLY. ad. [ from malapert. ] 

Impudently ; faucily. 
ToMALA'XATE. I'.a. [^aXaxTa,. ] To 
foften, or knead to (oftncfs. 


52. To Make up. 

To get together, 


53. T>Make up. 

54. To Make up. 
5<. lo Make up. 

To recintile; to re- 


To repair. E^.ek. 

To cuinpofcas ct in- 



Dryden. MALAX A'TION./. [from malaxate,] Ths 

a& of foftening. 

MALE. a. [mate, French,] Of the fex that 

begets \oung; not female. Sivift. 

MALE. /. The he cf any fpecies. Graunt, 

MALE, in compofition, fignifics i,7. 


ji.-'gement of alliirt. Ayliffe, 


M A L 

MALECONTE'NT. 7 a. \mu 

>. 5 ttnt.'\ Dilcon- 

^ [mule and lon- 


tented j difl*dtis.fied. ,\hak:fpcarc. 

MALECONTE'NTEDLY. ad. [ixy^mrr.aU. 
corttrt.] With dikontent. 

cor.tdKt.'\ Diftontentcoiiefs J want of affec- 
tion to government. Sp "^tcr. 

MALEDICTED. a. [n:aIed:S}us,Ln.] Ac- 
curfed. t>u9. 

MALEDl'CTION. /. [rKalcJ,aion,Tvtnch.] 

Cur fe J execration J deniinciation uf evil. 


MALEFA'CTION. /. [vw/^and/ano, Lat.J 
A crime 5 20 ifr'eiicc. iibak.'ffeare, 

MALEFA'CTOR. /. [maU in^faclo, Lit.J 
An uticnJer againll iaw j a criminal. 

Rijjcommon , 

MALEFJCK. 7 a. [w^/./c^j, Lat.] Mif- 

MALC'FIQL'E. \ chitvous j hurtfuJ. 

MALEPRA C nCE. /. {maU and fraaice,} 
Piatlice contrary to rules. 

MALE'VOLENCE. /. [malevolentij, Lat.] 
Ill will ; inclination to hurt others } ma- 
lignity. iiLakefpeare. 

MALE'VOLENT. a. [malevoLs, Lat'.] Ll- 
diipoferi towards otherr. Dryden. 

MALE'VOLENTLY. ad. [frrm mal^-uo- 
Uncc] Milignlyj malignantly. Ilo-ut/, 

MA'LICE. /. [maice French.] 

1. Badiiels or Ocfign j deliberate mikhief. 


2. Ill intention to any one J defire of hurt- 
i'"Jg. Sb-7hlpsare. 

Tc MA'LICE. 1/. J. [from the noun. J To 
regard with ill will, Spenjer, 

MALICIOUS, a. [maLcieuXy French ; m-i- 
litiojus, Latin.] lil-difpofed to any one j 
intending ill. S/.ak-.ftsare. Milton. 

MALI'CIOUSLY. ad. [from maliciius.-] 
With malignity; with, intention of mif- 
chiff. Gui/i-ver. 

MALICIOUSNESS. /. [from Tnal.chus.] 

Milice j intention of mikhief to another. 


MALl'GN'. 0. [mil gne^ French.] 

1. Unfavourable j ui flifpofcd to any one ; 
malicious. Scutb. 

2. Infedious j fatal to the body ; pelli- 
lential. Bacor. 

To MALI'GN. V. a, [from the adjedive. J 

1. To regard with envy or malice. Scutt. 

2. To mi:chief J to hurt; to harm. 
MALI'GNANCY. /. [hommahgK.^nt.] 

1. Malevolence J malice j unfavourable- 
nefs. Hbakcfpeare. 

2. Dtflruflive tendency, Hijtman. 
MALI'GNANr, a. [maUgnant^ French.] 

;. Malign j envious j unpropuious ; ma- 
licit^us. I'/aitu 

2. HoHiie to life : as, malignant fevers. 


M A L 

1. A man of ill intention j malevolently 
dilpofcd. IkokiT. 

2. It w?s a word ufed of the defenders of 
the church and monarchy by the rebel fec- 
tarics irt tiie civil wars. 

MALI'GNAl^TLY. ad. [(Tom malgnartt.l 

With ill intention j malicioufly j mifchicv- 

MALi'GNER. /. [from nui/ign.'\ 

I. One who regards another with ill will, 

2 Sircaflical cenfurer. 
MaLI'GNITV. /. [mahgni'ie, French.] 

1. Mdiice j malicioufnefi. Tukell. 

2. Contrariety to life j deftruftive tenden- 
cy. Hsyward, 

3. Evilnefs of nature. South, 
MaLI'GNLY. ad. [from malign.] Envi- 

oufly J with ill will. Pepe» 

MA'LKIN. /. A dirty wench, Sbakefp, 
MALL /. [mallui, Lat. a hammer.] 

1. Altroke; a blow. Uudibras, 

2. A kind of beater or hammer, [wa;/, 
French.] Addijon, 

3. A walk where they formerly played 
with malls and balls, Popt. 

To M.-iLL. 1/. a, [from the noun.] Tobeat 

or ftrike with a mall. 
MA'LLARD. /. {ir.ahrt, French.] The 

drake of the wild duck. Walton^ 

MALLEABI'LITY. /. [ from malleable. J 

Quality of enduring the hammer. Loch, 
MA'LLEABLE. a. [walUahle, French ,- from* 

mall us, Latin, a hammer,] Capable of be- 

ing^fpread by beating : this is a quality 

poiTeiied in the moft eminent degree by 

gold. Shiincy. 

MA'LLEABLENESS. /. [from maUablt.] 

Qiisliry of enduring the hammer. Locke, 
To MA'LLEATE. •v. a. [from ma/leus, 

Latin.] To hammer, Derbam, 

MALLET. /. [malleus, Latin.] A woodea 

hammer, Boyle, 

MA'LLOWS. /. [malva, Latin j malcpe, 

S2X3n.] A plant. 

1. A fort of grape. See Vine. 

2. A kind of wine. Shaiefpearft 
MALT. /. [mealz, Sax^n.] Grain Iteeped 

in water and fermented, tken dried on a 
kiln. Bacon, 

MALTDUST. /. It is an enrichcr of bar- 
ren land. Mortimer. 
MALTFLOOR. /. [ws/: and /ojr.] A floor 
to dry mall. Mortime.^ 
To MALT. -v. H. 
J. To make malt, 

2. To be made malt. Mortimer, 

MA'LTHORSE. /. A dull dolt. Sbakefp, 
MA'LTMAN. 7 /. [item malt.} One w'htf 
MA'LTSTER. J makes malt. Swijt, 
MALVA'CEOUS. a, [mslva, Litin,] Re« 
latiQg to mallows. 



MALVERSATION. /. [French.] Bad 

rtiifts - mean artifices. 
MAM. If. [mamma, L^iin,] The for.d 

MAMMA'. 5 word for mother, P'ior. 
MA'MMET. /. [from mam or m^mma'.] A 

puppet, a figure drefled up. Shake'prare. 
Mammiform, a. [ mamma and forma, 

Latin.] Having the /hape of paps or dugs. 
MAMMILLARY. a. [w;(2«»?;/ am, Latin.] 

Belonging to the paps or dugs. 
MA'MMOCK. /. A large /hapelefs piece. 
To MA'MMOCK. i/. a. [from the noun.] 

To tear 5 to pull to pieces. Sbakejpearet 
MA'MMON, f [Syriack.] Riches. 
MAN. /. [man, mon, Saxon,] 

I. Human being. Creech. 

■ a. Not a woman. Shahefpeare, 

3. Not a boy. Dryden. 

4. A fervant j an attendant ; a dependant, 

Rahigh. Coivley, 

5. A word of familiarity bordering on con- 
tempt. Shake fpeare. 

6. It is ufed in a loofe (ignification like the 
French o«, one, any one. Tilhtfon. 

7. One of uncommon qualifications. 

S. A human being qualified in any parti- 
cular manner, I Samuel. 
9. Individual. ff^atts, 
30. Not a beaft, Creech » 
ji. Wealthy or independant perfon. 

, Tillotfon. 

12. A moveable piece at chefs or draughts. 
j^. Man of war, A fhip of war. 

To MAN. n/.a. [from the noun.] 

1. To furnifli with men. Daniel. 

9.. To guard with men. Shmkefpeare, 

3. To fortify 5 toftrengthen. Milton. 

4. To tame a hawk. Sbakejpeare. 

5. To attend j to ferve j to wait on. 

Ben. "Johnfon, 

6. To direft in hoftility '^^io''^6\n\,\Shakef . 
MA'NACLES. /. [ marica from mafius, 

L^tin.] Chain for the hands. Ecc-iuf. 

To MA'NACLE. -v.-a. [from the noun.] 

To chain the hands j to fhackle. Shakefp. 
To MA'NAGE. v. a. [menagcr, French.] 

1. To condudt ; to carry on. Stilling fieet, 

2. To train a horfe to graceful action. 


3. To govern j to make tradable. 


4. To weild J to move or ufe ejfily, 


5. T. hufbapd ; to make the objea of 
caution, _ Dryden, 

6. lo treat with caution or decency, 


To MA'NAGE. -y. w. To fuperintend af- 
fairs ; to tranfaft. Dryden, 

MAN-VGE. /. [menage, French.] 

1, Conduft ; adminiftration. Bacon. 

%, Ufej inftrumentaljty. 


3. Gavernment of a horfe Pt^ackam, 

MA'NAGEABLE. a. [hommatiagc] 

1, Eafy in the ufe. Akwlot!, 

2. Governable ; traflable. 
MA'NAGABLENESS. /. [frcm mafiage^ 


1. Accommodation ^0 eafy ufe. Boyle. 

2, Traflabtenefs ; eafinefs to be governed « 
MA'NAGEMENT. /. [menagemer.t , Fr.] 

I, Conduft ; adminiftration. Snviff, 

1, Pradlice ; tranfadlion ; dealing. Addifon, 
MA'NAGER. /. [Uommanage.^ 

J. One who has the conduft or direftioo 
of any thing. South, 

2. A man of frugality J a good huiband. 

MA'NAGERY. /. [menagerie, French.] 

1. Conduft j dircclion j admiiiiftration. 


2. Hufbandry ; frugality. Decay of Piety, 

3. M?nner of ufing. Decay of Piety, 
MaNATION. /. [wanatio, Latin.] The 

aSt of iffuing frcm fomething elfe. 

MA'NCHE. f. [French,] A fleeve. 

MA'NCHET. /. [ mi chet, French. Skimer.1 
A fmall loaf of fine bread. More, 

MANCHlNE'EL^rff. /. [mancanil/a, Lat.] 
It is a native of the Weft Indies, and grows 
equal to the fize of an oak: its wood, 
which is fawn out into planks, and brought 
to England is of a beautiful grain, will 
polilh well and laft long. In cutting down 
thofe trees, the juice of the bark, which 
is of a milky colour, muft be burnt out 
before the work is begun j for its nature 
is fo corrofive, that it will raife blifters on 
the fkin, and burn holes in linen ; and 
if it fhould happen to file into the eyes of 
the labourers, they are in danger of lofing 
their fight : the fruit is of the colour and 
fize of the golden pippen : many Europeans 
have loft their lives by eating it, which will 
corrode the mouth and throat : cattle never 
fhelter themfelves under them, and fcarcely 
will any vegetable grow under their ihade. 

To MA'NCIPATE. v. a, [mancipo, hzt.^ 
To enflave •, to bind ; to tie- Hale. 

MANCIPATION, /. [from mar.cipate.^ 
Slavery ; involuntary obligation. 

MA'NCIPLE. /. [ manceps, L-itin. ] The 
ileward of a community j the purveyor. 

MANDA'MVS. f [Latin ] Awritgranted 
by the king, fo called from the initial 

MANDARI'N. /. A Chinefe nobleman or 

MA'NDATARY. /. [mandatairey French.] 
He to whom the pope has, by virtue of 
his prerogative, and his own proper right, 
given a mandate ^or his benefice, Ayhffe, 

MANDATE. /. Xmandatum, Latin.] 

J. Com- 


J. Command. HoweV, 

< 1. Precept ; charge j commiflion, lent or 
tranfmitted. Drydcr, 

MAISDA'JOR. f. [Latin.] Dlreftor. 


MA'NpATORY. a. [ mandate, Latin. ] 
Precept ve j ciire£>ory. 

MA'NDIBLE. /. [mjnd:bula, Latin.] The 
jaw J the inltiumenc of maaducation. 


MANDI'BULAR. /. [itommarJibula^hii.] 
B-Jonging ti> the jaw, 

MANDlLION,/. [mandlg'ione, Italian.] A 
foldier's coat. 

lyiA'NDREL. /. [mar.drin, French.] Man- 
dreli are mads with a long wooden fliank, 
to fit flift" into a round hole that is made 
in the work, that is to be turned. 


MA'NDRAK:E. /. [mandragcraiy Lat.J The 
root of this plant is faid to bear a refem- 
blance to the human form. The reports 
of tying a dog to this plant, in order to 
root it up, and prevent the certain death 
of the perfon who dares to attempt fuch a 
deed, and of the groans emitted by it 
when the violence is ofiered, are equally 
fabulous. Miller, Donne, 

To MA'NDUCATE. v. a. [manducoy Lit.] 
To chew J to eat. 

MANDUCA'TION. /. [manducatio, Lat.] 
Eating. Taylor, 

MANE, [macne, Dutch.] The hair which 
hangs duwn on the neck of horfes. Knolles. 

MA'N EATER. /. [man and eat.] A can- 
nibal j an anthropojh^igite. 

MA'NED. a, [from the noun.] Having a 

MA'NES. f. [Lat.] Ghoft ; fhade. Drydm. 

MA'NFUL. a. [ man and full. J Bold ; 
flout J daring. Hudibras, 

MA'NFULLY. ad, [ixom manful'] Boldly j 
ftoutly. Ray, 

MA'NFULNESS. /. [from marfuL] Stout- 
nefs ; boldnefs. 

MANGCO'RN". /. [merger), Dutch, to 
miogle.] Corn of feveral kinds mixed, 

MA'NGANESE. /. Manganeje is properly 
an iron ore of a poorer fort j themoft per- 
feft fort is of a dark iron grey, very hea- 
vy hut brittle. Hill. 

Mange./, [demangealpn^ French] The 
itch or fcab in cattle. Ben. yohrfon. 

MANGEH. /. [mangccire,Ytsnc\i.] The 
pldce or vcffel in which animals ate fed 
with corn. U Ejirange, 

MA'NGINESS. /. [ix^mmipgy.] ScabDi- 

nefs \ infection with the mange. 
To iVIA'NGLE. v.a, [mangtUn, Dutch.] 
To lacerate j to cut or tsar piece-meai ^ 
lo butcher. Milton. 

^lA'NGLER. /. [from mangle.] A hacker j 
Oi\t that ucarcys bun'j,iii)gly, luhll. 


MA'NGO. /. \mangfjiar, Fr.] A fruit of 
the ille of I^st^, biought to Europe pick- 
led. King, 

MA'NGY. a. [from mange.] Infcttcd 
with the mange \ fcabby. Shakeffeare, 

MANHA'TER. /. [man and hater,] Mif- 
anthrope ; one that hates mankind, 

MA'NHOOD. /, [from mar,] 

1. Human nature. Milton, 

2. Virility J not womanhocd. D/ydcn, 

3. Viril'ty J not childh')cd. 

4. Courage j bravery 3 reloJution j forti- 
tude. Sidney, 

MANI'aC 1 a. [ maniacus^ Latin. J 

MANI'ACAL. 5 Raging with madnefs. 

MA'NIFEST. a, [manifeflus, Latin.] 

1. Plain; open 3 not concealed. Kom, 

2. Detefted. Drydcn, 
MANIFE'ST. /. [»2^«//>/?<j, Italian.] De- 
claration ; piiblick proteftation, Dryder, 

To MANIF£':5T. -v. a. i"nanifeJler,¥T. ma- 
mfejlo, Laf.] To makeappear J to make 
pubhck ; to flicw plainly j to difcover. 


MANIFESTA'TION. /. [from mamfeji.^ 
Difcoverv j publication. lilotjon. 

MANIFE'STIBLE. a. Eafy to be made 
evident, Breton. 

MA'NIFESTLY, ad. [ from manfeji. ] 
Clearly 5 evidently. iiicft, 

MA'NIFESTNESS. /. [ from manfeji. J 
Perfpicuity 5 clear evidence, 

MANlFE'STO. f, [Italian.] Publick pro- 
teftation. Addi'on, 

MA'NIFOLD. a. [many in6 fold.] Of dif- 
ferent kinds j many in. number; multi- 
plied. Shakejpeare, 

MANIFO'LDED. a.[mar.y^nAfo.d.] Hav- 
ing many complicatio.^s. Uperfer, 

MA'NIFOLDLY. ad. [from manifold.] In 
a manifold manner. Siatiey^ 

MANIGLIONS. /. [in gunnery.] Two 

handles on the back of a piece of ordnance, 


MA'NTKIN. /. [mamiken, Dutch.] A lit- 
tle m in. SL.ihf^eare, 

MA'iNlPLE. /. [manipulus, Latin.] 

1. A handful. 

2. A fmall band of foldiers, 

MANI': ULAR. a. [from man'pulus, Lat.] 
Rela'ing to a maniple. 

MANKILLER. /. [mun and] Mur- 
derer. Dryden, 

MANKIND. /. [mamnAkind.] 

1. The race or fpecics of human beings. 


2. Rsfembling man not woman in form 
or nature, ' Sbakeipeare. 

MA'NLIKE. a. [mm and lik.] Having 
the con.pletion of man. SiJuy. 

MA'NLESS. a. [man and Ifs.] Wi:nout 

men 3 nvt manned. B.-icon, 



MA'NLINESS. /. [from manly.] Dignity ; 

bravery ■ ftoutnefs. Locke. 

MA'NLY. a. [from man.] Manlike ; be- 
coming a man ; firm j brave j ftout j un- 
daunted j undifmayed. D^yaen- 

MA'NNA. /. Manna is properJy a gum, 
and is honi-y- like juice concreted into a lo- 
lid form, feidom (o dry but it adheres 
more or lefs to the fingers in handling : its 
colour is whitifii, yellov/ift, or brownilh, 
and it has in Cafte the fweetnefs of fugar, 
and with it a fharpnefs that renders it very 
agreeable : it is the pr-du(£l of two differ- 
ent trees, but which are of the fame ge- 
nus, being both varieties of the afh : the 
fineft manna of all is that which oozes na- 
turally out of the leaves in Auguft. Hill. 

MA'NNER. /. [manure, French.] 

I, Form ; method. Dryden. 

a. Cuilom J habit 5 fafhion. 

iVew TeJIament. 

3. Certain degree. Bacon, 

4. Sort; kind. Alterbury, 

5. Micu J caftof the look. Clanjja, 

6. Peculiar way. Clarendon. 

7. Way ; fort. Atterbury. 
S. Charadler of the mind. Addijon. 
g. Manners in the plural. General way 
of life ; morals 5 habits. UEJirange. 
10. [In the plural.] Ceremonious be- 
haviour ; ftudied civility. Dryden. 

MA'NNERLINESS./. [from mannerly.] Q]. 
viiity ; ceremonious complaifance. Hale. 

MANNERLY, a. [from manner.] Civil ; 
ceremonious } complaifant. Rogers, 

MA'NNERLY. ad. Civilly j without rude- 
nefs. Shakeff)eate. 

MA'NNIKIN. /. [w^« and hlin, German.] 
A little man j a dwarf. 

MA'NNISH. a. [from man.] Having the 
appearance of a man ; bold j mafculine ; 
impudent. Sidney. 

MA'NOR. /. [manoif, old French,] Manor 
fignifies, in common law, a rule or go- 
vernment which a man hath over fuch as 
hold land within his fee. Touching the 
original of thefe manors^ it feems, that, 
in the beginning, there was a certain com- 
pafs or circuit of ground granted by the 
king to feme men of worth, for him and 
his heiisto dwell upon, and to exercife 
fome juritdidlion. Coivel. 

MANQUE'LLER. /. [ man and cpellan, 

Saxon.] A murderer i a mankilier ; a 

a manflayer, Careiv, 

MANSE. /. [marfo, Latin.] A parfon- 

age houfe. 
I^ANSION, /. [man/to, Latin.] 

1, Piace of refidcnce j abode j hoDfe. 


1^, R'ifidence ; abode. Denham. 

AIAN::L VUGHTi-R* /• [man and Jlaugb.. 

M A N 

1. Murder J deftrudion of the human 
fpecies. Afcb-jm. 

2. [In law.] The aft of killing a man 
not wholly without fault, though without 

MANSLA'YER. /. [man and fiay.] Mur- 
derer J one that has killed another. 


MANSU'ETE. a. [manfuetus, Lst.] Tame ; 
gentle ; not ft;rocious. Hay, 

M-VNSUETUDE. /. [m^rfuetudo, Litin.J 
Tamenefs j gentJenefs. Herbert. 

MA'NTEL. /. [mantel, old Fr.] Wo:k 
raifed before a chimney to conceal it. 


MANTELET. /. [mante/ef, French.] 

1. A fmall cloak worn by women. 

2. [In fortificaton. j A kmd of movea- 
ble penthoufe, made of pieces of timber 
fawed into planks, which being about three 
inches thick, are nailed one over another 
to the height of almoft fix feet, driven be- 
fore the pioneers, as blinds to Iheltcr them. 

MANTI'GER. /. [mjmnd tiger.] A large 

monkey or baboon. Arbuthr.$t. 

MA'NTLE. /. [r^antell, WelOi.j A kind 

of cloak or garment. Hayivard. 

To MA'NTLE. 'v.a. [from the i>oun.] 

To cloke ; to cover. Sbakejptare. 

To MA'NTLE. -V. n. 

1. To fpread the wings as a hawk in plea- 
fure. Mtltcn. 

2. To joy ; to revel. Spenfer. 

3. To be expanded j to fpread luxuriantly. 

Mr I' Oft. 

4. To gather any thing on the furface j 
to froth. Pof>e. 

5. To ferment j to be in fpr'ghtly agita- 
tion. Smith. 

MA'NTUA. /. A lady's gown. Fcfe. 

MA'NTUAMAKER. /. [mantua and mak. 

er.] One who makes gowns for women. 


MA'NUAL. a. [manuals, Latin.] 

1. Performed by the hand. D'yden, 

2. Ufed by the h-ind. Clarendon, 
MA'NUAL. /. A fmall bcok, fuch as may 

be carried in the hand. Stillirgjieet, 

MANU'BIAL. a. [manubia, Lat.] Be- 
longing to fpoil J taken in war. 

MANU'BRIUM. f. [Latin.] A handle. 


MANUDU'CTION. /. [manuduBio, Lat.] 
Guidance by the hand. Broivn. South, 

MANUFA'CTURE. /. [v:anus and facio, 

1. The praflice cf m.Tking any piece of 

2. Anv thing made by art. Addifon. 
To MANUFA'CTURE. -u. a. [ manufac, 

turer^ French.] To make by arc and la- 
b?Hr j to foim by worl^man/hip. 


JVIANUFA'CTURER. /. [ mavufaaurUry 
French! A workman 5 an artificer, 


To MANUMI'SE. v. a. [marumifto, Lat.J 
To fee free j to difmifs from llavcry, 

MANUMI'SSION. /. [mi2r.un.iJ/,o,>, Fr. ma- 

numi^-.o, Lat.J The ad of giving liberty 

. to flwts Brcivn. 

To MANUMI'T. v. a. [manumitto, Lat.] 
To releafe from llovery. Drydtn. 

MANU'RABLE. a. [from manure,] Capa- 
ble of cultivation. Hale. 

MANU'RANCE. /. [Uommarure.] Agri- 
culture ; cultivation, Sptnjer, 

To MANU'RE. V. a, [^manowvrer, T] 

1. To cultivate by manual labour, Mi/ron, 

2, To dung j to fatten With cortip fts. 

MANU>RE. / [from the verb j Soil to 

be laid on Lnds. Drydif. 

MANU'REMliNT. /. [from manure, \ Cul 

'iVi onj Hjprovement. fVott.r, 

M^xNURER. /. [from the verb. J He 

v<h^ manures laria j a huft)andman. 
MA'NUSCRIPT. /. [manujcriptum, L.t.] 

A bo k written, not printed. lyotton. 

MA'NV. a. comp. more, fuperl. moji. [mae- 

mj, Saxon.] 

1. 0;nfiftingof a great number j numer- 
ous, Dighy, 

2. Marking number indefinite. Exodus. 
MA'NY. j. 

1. A multitude ; a company j a great 
numocr j pe pJe. Spenpr. 

2. Many is ufed much in com p( fit! n, 
MANYCO'LOURED. a. [mjry ^n<i colour ] 

Hav.i,g many colcur--. Donne. 

MANYCORNERi.D a. [many zn^ cornr.] 
Poiyg n! J laving many corners. 

Dry den. 

MANYKE'ADED. a. [ many and bead, j 
H'M g many h'dds. Sidney. 

MANYLA'NGUnGED. a. [many znd /an- 
£W"/ .J H . -.ig many languages. Pope. 

MANYPE'OPLED. a. [m ny and feopk.l 
Numrrcufly populous. Sandys. 

MANYTi'MEb, an adverbial phrafe. Or 
tei j fiequently Addijon. 

Map. /. [rraftoy low Latin.] A geogra- 
phical pidure on which lands and fe^s are 
delineated according to the longitude and 
latitude. Sidney. 

To MAP. V, a. [from the noun.] To de- 
lineate j to fee down. Sbahfpeare. 

MAl'LE tree J. A tree frequent in hedge- 
rowi. Mortimer, 

MAVPERY. /. [from map.] The art of 
planning and defigning. Sbjkejpeare, 

To MAR. V. a. [amypp.3n, Saxon.] To 
injure ; to fpoil ; to hurt ; to miichief ; 
to damage. D'^dcn. 

MARANAiH.1. /. [Syriack.] It was a 


form of the denouncing or anathematizing 
among the Jews. Ht. Paul. 

MARA'SMUS. /. [fxapaa-fxh-] A con- 
fumption, in which perfons wafte much of 
their fobftance. ^incy, 

MA'RBLE. y. [rnarbre, French j marmoff 

1. Stone ufed in flatues and elegant build- 
ings, capable of a bright polifh. Locke, 

2. Little ball* of marble with which chil- 
dren play. Arbutbnot, 

3. A ifone remarkable for the fculpture 
or infoription J as, 1 he Oxford war i*/?*. 

MA'RBLE. a. 

1, Mide of marble. Walter, 

2. Variegjtpd Ike m/r^/ir. Sidney, 
To MA'RBLE. V. a. [ n-.arbrer, Fr. from 

th" noun, j To varicgaie, or vein like 
marble. Bey lei 

MARBLEHE'ARTHD. a, \ yr.arhle and 

bear{.] Cruei j infcnfible j hard-hrjrtcd. 


MA'RCASITE. / The marcafm is a folid 
hard fi fill, ( f ^n oblcureiy and irregularly 
folidceou3 ftiufikire, of a bright glittering 
appearance, and i^aturally found in con'inu* 
cd beds among the veins of ores, or in the 
fifTures of ftone. Thcie are only three di- 
ftindl fpeciis of it j one of a bright gold 
colour, another of a bright filver, and a 
third of a dead white: the filvery one 
feems to be peculiarly meant by the wri- 
ters on the Materia MeJica, Marcafm 
is very frequent in the n.ines of Cornwall, 
where the wc !<m.°n call it mundifk. 

Kill. Nivtcft, 

MARCH. /. [ tro.Ti Mars. ] The third 
month of the year. Peacbam, 

To MARCH, -v.n. [marcbtr, Fr.] 

1. To move in miiitary form. 

z. To walk in a grave, deliberate, or 
ftatciy manner. Sidney, Dawes, 

To MARCH, -v. n. 

X. To put in military movement. Boylei 

2. To bring in reguiai proceflion. Prior, 
MARCH. /. [mjrcber^ F'.] 

I. Movement j j.urney of foldiers. 

a- Grave and folemn walk. Pote, 

3. Deliberate or laborious walk, Addijon, 

4. Signals to move. Knolies, 

5. Marches^ without fiogular. Borde-s j 
limits ; c<.nfine9. Daviti. 

MA'RCHER. /. [frcm rircheur, French.] 

Prefidcnt of the marches or border?. 

Da vies, 
MA'RCHIONESS. /. The wife of a mar- 

ouis. S^jkfpeare. 

MA'RCHPANE A [w^/^.^«% French.] A 

kind of '...-,, L brc-id. ^idnfy. 

MA'KCID. a. \mircid:iif i«atia.] Le^n j 

Dining ; withered. D yd n. 

4 G MA'R. 


MA'RCOUR,/. [rriarcor, Latin.] Leannefs j 
the ftate of withering' i wufte oi liefh. 


MARE. /. [majie, Sax.") 

1. Tht female t a horfe. Dryden. 

2. A kind of torpor or (lagnation, which 
f<.-ems to prefs the rtomach with a weight j 
the night hag. Drayton. 

MA'RESCHAL. /. [niarefchal, French,] A 
chief commander of an army. Prior. 

MA'RGARITE. /. Imargarita, Latin.] A 
pr?arl. Peacbam, 

MA'RGARITES. /. An herb. 


MA'RGENT. > f. [margo, Latin,] ■ 


I. The border j the brink j the edge ; the, 
verge. Spetjfer. 

%. The edge of a page left blank. 

3; The edge of a wound or fore. Sharp. 

MA'RGINAL. /. [tnarginul, Fr.J Placed, 
or written on the margin Watts. 

MA'RGINATED. a. [margir.aiiis, Latin.] 
Having a margin. 

MA'RGRAVE. /. \marck and graff, Ger.] 
A title of fuvereignry. 

MA'RIETS. /. A kind of violet, 

MA'RIGOLD. /. IMary and gold.^ A yel- 
law flower. Cleaveland, 

To MA RINATE. v. a. [ mariner, Fr. ] 
To fait fifh, and then prefervc them in oil 
or vinfgar. Kirg. 

MARI'NE. a. \jnarinus, Latin.] Belong- 
ing to the fea. H'ooaxvard, 

MARI'NE. /. [la marine, Fr.] 

I. Sea affairs. Arbutknot. 

a. A foldier taken on /hipboard to be em- 
ployed in defcents upon the land. 

MA'RINER. /. [fromff2flrd,Lat.] A fea- 
man ; a failor. Sivift. 

MA'RJORUM. /. [marjoran^iy Lat.] A 
fragrant plant of many kind?. Peachatr* 

MA'RISH. /. [tnarais, French.] A bog j 
a fen } a fwamp j watry ground. 

Hayioard fCnolles. Sandys. Mihon. 

MA'RISH. a. Morifhj fenny j boggy 5 
fwampy. Bacon. 

MA'RITAL, /". [wjnVttJ, Latin.] Pertain- 
ing to a hufoand. /lyliffe, 

MA'RITATED. a. [from maritu!, Latin,] 
Having a hulband. 

J5aS1me.'-1 — "■-.^«'-] 

1. Performed on the fea ; marine, 

a. Relating to the fea j naval. M'^otton. 
3. Bordering on the fea. Chapman. Miltont 
MARK. /. Imarc, Wclfh.] 

I. A token by which any thing is known. 


a. A token 5 an impreffion. Addifon. 

3. A proof J an evidence, Arbuthnot, 


4. Notice taken. 

5. Conveniency of notice, Carewt 

6. Any thing at which a mifllle weapon 
is diredted, Du'vies, 

7. The evidence of a horfe's age. Bacon, 

8. [Marque, Fiench,] Licence ©f repri- 

9. A fum of thirteen /hillings and four- 
pence. Camden, 

10. A charafler made by thofe who can- 
not write their name?. Dryden. 

To MARK, v. a. [merken, Dutch 5 nieaji- 
can, SiX.] 

1. To imprefs with a token, or evidence. 

1. To note } to take notice of. Rom. Smi, 

To MARK. 1/. n. To note j to take no- 
tice. Dryden, 

MA'RKER. /. [from marh'^ 

1. One that puts a mark on any thing. 

2. One that notes, or takes notice, 
MA'RKET. /. [anciently written wz^rw?, of 

mercatus, Lat.] 

1. A publick time of buying and felling. 

Spenfer. Wifd. 

2. Purchafe and fale. Temple, 

3. Rate J price. Dryden, 
To MA'RKET. v. n. To deal at a market 5 

to buy or fell, 
MA'RKET-BELL. /. [ market and hell. ] 

The bell to give notice that trade may 

begin in the market. Shakefpeare, 

MA'RKET- CROSS- /. [market and crofs.\ 

A crofs fet up where the market is held, 
MA'PvKET-DAY. /. [ market and day. ] 

The day on which things are publickly 

booght and fold. Addifon, 

MA'RKET- FOLKS. /, [market and folh.\ 

People that come to the market. 

MA'RKET- MAN. /. One who goes to the 

market to fell or buy. Sivift. 

MA'RKET- PLACE. /. [market and ^/^cf .] 

Place where the market is held, Sidney, 
MA'RKET-PRICE.7 /. [market ^n^ price 
MA'RKETRATE. 5 ot rate,] The price 

at which any thing is currently fold. 

MA'RKET- TOWN. /. A town that has 

the privilege of a flated market j not a 

village. Gay, 

MA'RKET ABLE. a. [ixommarket.] 

1, Such as may be fold j fuch for which a 
buyer may be found. Shakefpeare, 

2. Current in the market. D^caf of Piety, 
MARKMAN. 7 /. [w.^r^t and"';?M«.] A 
MA'RKSMAN. I man fkilfui to hit a 

marie, Herbert. 

MARL. /. [marl, Wel/h j merge!, Dutch.] 
A kind of clay, which is become fatter, 
and of a more enriching quality, by a bet- 
ter fermentation, and by i;s havJrg lain 



fo deep io the earth as not to have fpcnt or 
weakened its fertilizing quality. i^uincy. 

To MARL. V. a, [from the noun.j To 
manure with marl. Child, 

To MARL. 1/. a. \ fi«m marline.'] To faf- 
ten the fails with marline 

MARLINE./. Imeyfin, >Skinner.] Long 
wreaths of uiitwifted ht'mp ciipped in pitch, 
with which cables are guaided. Dryden. 

MA'RLINESPIKE. /. A fmall piece of 
iron for f^ftening ropes together. 

MA'RLPIT. /. [rr.arUnd. fit.] Pit out of 
wh ch marl is dug. IVoodzuard. 

MA'RLY, a, [from »J<7f/.J Abounding with 
marl. Mo timer. 

MA'RMALADE. 7 / [marmelade, French,] 

MA'RMALET. 5 The pulp of quinces 
boiled in:o a conliitt^nce with fugar. 

MARMORA' nON. /. lmarm<.ry Latin.] 
I .cruflation with marble. 

MARMO'REAN. a. [martnoreus^ Latin.] 
Made of marble. 

MA'RMOSET. /. [marmoufet, French.] A 
fmall monkey. Sbakejpeare. 

M.4RM0'T. 7 /. [Italian.] The mar- 

MARM0'T70. ^ '"o'^o. or "lus alpinus, 
as b;g or bigger than a rabbit, which <ib- 
fconds all winter, doth live upon its own 
far. Ray, 

MA'RQUETRY. /. [warqueterie, French.] 
Checquered work 5 work inlaid with varie- 

MA'RQUIS. /. [marquis, French.] 

1. In England one of the fecond order of 
nobility, next in rank to a duke. 

Pea J: m. 

2. Marquis is ufed by Sbikef/eare for »jir- 

MA'RQUISATE. /. [m^rjuj/at, French.] 

The fc gniory of a ma quis. 
Ma'RRER. y. [fiommar,] One who fpoils 

or hurts,, 

MA'RRIAGE. /. [mar i age,? tenth.] The 

act of uniting a man and woman for life. 
MA'RRIAGEABLE. a. [f torn marriage.] 

I. Fit for wtdlock j of age to be married. 


%. C^psble of uni^n. Mi!toK. 

MA'RRIED. a. [ixommarryJY Conjugal j 

connubial. Dryden, 

MA'RROW, /. [mep3. Sjxon.] The bones 

have either a large ..avity, or are full of 

little cells : in b'th the one and the other 

there 19 an oleagenous fubftance, called 

martotv ^incy. 

MARROWBONE. /. [bone and m^trroiv.] 

1. B' oe bnilea for the marrow, 

2. In burlefque language, the knees. 

L^EJi range. 
MA'RROWFAT. /. A kind of pea, 
MARROWLEiS. a. [iTQmmarroii\] Void 
of marrow, Skakefpeare, 


To MARRY. V. a. [muritr, Fr.] 

1. I'o join a man and a woni JO. Giy^ 

2. To difp'ifc of m mirriage. Bacon, 

3. To take for hu/band or w fe. 

To MA'RRY. V. n. To enter into the 
conjugal Itate. Sbakefpeare, 


Mars ' I ^^^ '^"ived from the Saxon 
MAS ' \ "^^rrc* a fen. Gibjon, 

MARSH. /. [meppc, Saxon.] A fen ; a 
bog J a fwamp. Drayton. 

MARSH. MALLOW. /. [aihaa, Latin.] 

A piarif. 
MARSH MARIGOLD. /. [populago, Lat.] 
A fl -wer. Dryden, 

MA'RSHAL. /. [marefchal, Fr.] 

I. The chief officer of arms. Sbakcfpeare, 
2.' An officer who regulates combats in the 
J'fts. Dryden, 

3. Any one who regulates rank or order 
at a fe-ift. Spenfer, 

4- An harbinger; a purfuivant. Sidney, 
To MA'RSHAL. 'v,a. [from the noun.] 

1. To arrange J to rank in order, 


2. To lead as an harbinger. Shakej'peare. 
MA'RSHaLLER. /. [hmmarfral.^ One 

that arranges j one that ranks in order. 

MA'RSHALSEA. /. [from rrarjkal] The 

prifon in Sourhwark belonging to the mar- 

/hdl of the kin. 's hou/hold. 
Ma'RSHALSHIP /, [from marlhal] Tht 

office of a marfhil. 
MARcHE'LDER. /. A gelderrofe. 
MARSHROCKET. /. Afpecksofwater. 

MA'RbHY. a. [from m^r/.j 

1. Boggy J wet J fenny J Iwampy. 


2. Produced in mar/hes. Dycn, 
MART. /. [contr.aed from market.] 

I. A piace of publick traffick. Hooker. 
2 Bargain J purchafe and f4e. Sbakefp, 

3. Letters of mart. 

To MART. V. a. [from the noun.] To 
tr;fRck J to buy or fell. Sbakejpeare, 

MA'RTEN. 1 f r , r T 

martern. 1 ^- [--'^'Fr.] 

1. A large kind of weefel whofe fur is 
much valued, 

2. [Martelet,Yt.] A kind of fwallow that 
builds in houfes J a martlet. Peacham, 

MA'RTIAL. a. [ martial, Fr. martialit, 

1. Warlike; fighting; given to war j 
brave. Spenfer. Chapman, 

2. Having a warlike ihow j fuiiing war. 


3. Belonging to war ; not civil. Bacon. 

4. Borrowing qualicies from the planet 
Marg. Broivn, 

4 G a * 5, Hav- 



5. Having parts or properties of iron, 
which is v lit-d Mars by the chemifts. 

MA'RTIALIST. /. [from martta!.] A 
Warrior ; 3 fighter. Hotvel. 

MARTINGAL. /. [martingaUy French.] 
It is a brodd ftrip made h&. to the girths 
under the belly of a horf*', and runs be- 
tween the two legs to faften the other end, 
unrler the nolcbind of (he bridle. 

MARTl'NMrt.-)./. [Muttin and «;«/}.] The 
feali ol Sr. Martin j the eleventh of No- 
vember, commonly martHmafi ot martle- 
niafs. Tujfer, 

MA''<TINET 7 /. {martinet, French.] A 

IWAllILET. 5 kind of fwallow. 


MA'RTNETS. /. Small li-^es faftened to 
the leefch of the f.iil to bring that part 
of the leetch which is next to the yard- 
arm clofe up to the yard. Bailey, 

MA'R TYR. /. [^aplu^.] One who by his 
deach bears witnefs to the truth. 

Kt^g Charles. 

To MARTYR, v. a. [from the noun. j 

1. To pur. to death for virtue. 

2. To ifiurcter ; to deftroy. Suckling, 
MA'RTYRDOM. /. \ixc.m martyr,] The 

death of a martyr j the honour of a mar- 
tyr. Hooker, 

MARTYROLOGY. J.' [ tnartyrologium, 
Lit j A regifler of martyrs. 


MARTYRO'LOGIST. /, [martyrologifte, 
French.] A writer of martyrology. 

IVIA'RVEL. /. \_mer-veille , French.] A 
wonder ; any thing aftoni(hing. 


MARVEL nfPeru, A flower 

To MA'RVEL. -v. v. \mer-veiller ^ French.] 
To wonder ; to be aftoniHied. Shakefpeare, 

Ma'RVELLOUS. a. [mer-veilleux, Fr.] 
J. Wonderful j Arange 3 alto'nifhing. 

3. Surpafling credit. Pope, 

3. The mar-vellous is any thing exceeding 
natural power, oppofed lothe probable, 

MA'RVELLOUSLY. ad, [from mar-vellous.} 
WonderfuJlv. Clarendor. 

MA'RVELLOUSNESS. /. [from mar-uel- 
/otti.] W nderfulnefs ; ftrangenefs J afto- 

MA'SCULINE. a. [mafculin, Fr.] 

1. Male; not female. Milton. 

2. Refemblingman j virile j not foft ; not 
effemindte. jiddifon. 

3. The gender appropriated to the male 
kind in ^ny word. 

MA'SCULINELY. ad. [ from mafculine, ] 
Like a man. Ben. Johnfon. 

MA'SCULINENESS. /. [from m^Jculme.] 
M^ nifhnels ; male figure or behaviour. 

MASH. /, Imafcbe, Putch.] 

1. The fpacc between the threads of a ntt» 


2. Any thirg mingled or beaten together 
into ATi und.ftinguifhed or confufed body. 

3. A rri xture for a horfe. Mortimer, 
To Mash. v. a. [mafcher, French.] 

1. To best into a confufed mafs. More. 
1. To mix malt and water together in 
brewing. Mortimer. 

MASK. /, [mafque^ French.] 

J. A cover to difguife ihe face ; a vifor, 

Z. Any pretence or fubterfuge. Pnor. 

3. A feflive entertainment, in which the 
comp^^ny is mafked. Shakefpeare, 

4. A revel; a piece of mummery. Milton. 

5. A drrimatick performance, written in a 
tragick ftile without attention to rules or 
probability. Peacham, 

To MASK. V. a. [mafquer, Fr.] 

1. To difguife with a mafk or vifor. 


2. To cover ; to hide. Crajhaiu. 
To MASK. v. n. 

1. To revel j to play the mummer. 


2. To be difguifed any way. 
Ma'SKER. /. [from majk.] One who re- 
vels in a mafk ; a mummer, Donne. 

MA'SON. /. [mapn, French.] A builder 
with ftone. IVotton. 

MA'SONRY. /. [ ma^orjerie, Fr. ] The 
craft or performance of a mafon. 

MASQUERA'DE. /. [fiem mafque, Fr.] 
1- A diverlion in which the company is 
ma/ked. Pope, 

2. Difguife. Felton, 

To MASQUERA'DE. v. «.[fromthe n.un.j 

1. To go in difguife. VEj'frange, 

2. To afTemble in mafks. Swtft. 
MASQUERA'DER. /. [from mafquerade.} 

A perfon in a mafk. U Efirange, 

MASS. /. [wa^^, Fr.] 

1. A body j a lump j a continuous quan- 
tity. Neivton, 

2. A large quantity. Davies, 

3. Bulk; vafl body. ^hot, 

4. Congeries; alTemblage indiftinft. 

Dry den. 

5. Grofs body ; the general. Dryden. 

6. [Mijfa, Latin.] The f«rvice of the 
Romifli church. Atterbury, 

To MASS. V, «. [from the noun.] To ce- 
lebrate mafsp Hooker, 
MA'SSACRE. /. [maffacrty Fr.] 

1, Butchery ; indikriminate deftruflion. 


2. Murder. Shakfjpeare, 
To MA'SSACRE. v, a. [majfacrer, French.] 

To butcher ; to flaughter mdifcriminately. 

Decay of Piety, Atterbury, 

MA'SSICOT, f. [French.] Cerufs calcined 

by a, moderate degree of fire j| of this there 



are three forts, the white, the yellow, and 

that of a golden colour, their difference 

arifing from the different degrees of fire 

applied in the operation. They are ufed 

in painting. 

MA'SSINESS. 7 /. [ from majfy. ] 

MA'SSIVENESS. \ Weight j bulk i pon- 

deroufnefs. Hai'-wilL 

MA'SSIVE. 7 a. [majjlf, Fr. J Heavy j 

MA'SSy. 3 weighty j ponderous i bulky 5 

continuous. Dryden. 

Mast. /. [ maji, mat, French j ma'pt, 


1. The beam or poft raifed above the vef- 
feJ, ,10 which the fail is fixed. Dryden. 

2. The fruit of the oak and beech. 

MA'STED. a. [from majl.^ Furnifhed with 

MA'STER. /. [meefter, Dutch j maiftrey 


1. One who has fervants J oppofed to man 
or fervanr, Shakefpeart> 

2. A diretlor j a governor. Eccluf. 

3. Owner ; proprietor. Drydrn. 

4. A lord J a ruler. Guardian. 

5. Chief J head. Sbakefpeare, 

6. P.neflbr. Mdijon. 

7. Commander of a trading fhip, 


8. One uncontrouled. Sbak Jpeare, 

9. A compeilation of refpeft. 


10. A young gentleman, Dryden. 

11. One who teaches; a teacher. South. 

12. A man eminently ikilful in praflice or 
fcience. D'vies. 

13. A title of dignity in the univerfities j 
as, mafler of arts. 

To MA'STER. -u. a. [ from the noun. ] 

1. To be a mafter to j to rule j to go- 
vern. Shakfjpiare. 

2. To conquer j to overpower. 

Davies. CaUmy. 

3. To execute with fkill. Bacon. 
MA'STERDOM. /. [iiomrr.ajier.1 Domi- 
nion j rule. Sbakefpeare. 

MASTER-HAND. /. The hand of a man 
eminently fkilful. Popp. 

MASTER- JEST. /. Principal jeft. 


MASTER-KEY. /. The key which opens 
many locks, of which the fubordinate 
keys open each only one. Dryden. 

MASTER-LEAVER. /. One that leaves 
or delerts his mafter. Sbakefpeare. 

MASTER-SINEW. /. A large fineCv that 
furrounds the hough, and divides it from 
the bone by a hollow place, where the 
wind-galls are ufually fcated. 

Farrier*s DiSf, 


MASTER. STRING. /. Principal firing, 

* Rozue- 

MASTER-STROKE. /. Capital perfor- 
mance. Blackmore, 
MA'STERLESS. a. [Uommajler.] 

1. Wanting a mafter or owner. Spenjtr, 

2. Ungoverncd ; unfubdued. 
MASTERLINESS. /. [from majitrly.} E. 

minent fkill. 
MA'STERLY. ad. With the fkill of a 

maimer. Shak-fpeare^ 

MA'STERLY. a. [from majler.'] 

1. Suitable to a mafter j artful j fkilful. 

2. Imperious ; with the fway of a mafter, 
MA'STERPIECE. /. [ mafter and piece, ] 

1. Capital performance J anything done 
or made with extraordinary fkill. Daviet, 

2. Chief excellence. Clarendon, 
MA'STERSHIP. /. [from majier.] 

1. Dom nion j rule j power, 

2. Superiority j pre-eminence. Dryden, 

3. Chief work. Dryden, 

4. Skill 5 knowledge. Sbakefpeare, 

5. A title of ironical refpeft. Sbakefpeare, 
MASTER- TEETH. /. [m^ijler and te.tb.] 

The prmcipal teeth. Bacon, 

MA'STERWORT. /. A plant, 
MA'STERY. /. [from n:afier,-\ 

1. Djminion } rule. Raleigb, 

2. Superiority j pre-eminence. 
2 Tim, ii. 5, U Eflrange, 

3. Skill, Tillotjon, 
4 Attainment of fkill or power, Locke, 

MA'STFUL. a. [from maji.] Abounding 

in maft, or fruit of oak, beech or cbefnut* 


MASTICATION. /, [ mafiicatio, Latin. ] 
The aft «>f chewing. Ray, 

MA'STICATORY. /. [mafiicatoire, Fr.] 
A medicine to be chewed only, not fwal- 
lowed. Bacon, 

MA'STICH. /. [maf}ic, French.] 

1. A kind of gum gathered from trees of 
the fame name. Wifeman, 

2. A kind of mortar or cement. Addtfon. 
MA'STICOT. /. See Massicot. 
MA'STIFF. y. wafii-vei, plural, [moflin, 

French.] A dog of the iargeft fize j a 

bandog. Spenfer, 

MA'STLESS. a, [from mafl,] Bearing no 

maft. Dryden, 

MA'STLIN. /. Mixed corn ; as, wheat and 

rye. Tuffer, 

MAT. /. [meatte, Saxon.] A texture of 

fedge, flags, or rufhes. Carczv. 

To MAT. 1/. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To cover with mats. Evelyn, 

2. To twifl together j to join like a mat. 

MA'TADORE. /. Imatador, Spanifh.] A 
hand »f cards. Pope, 



MATACHIN, f. [French.] Ar. old dance . 


MATCH. /. [meche, Fr.] 

1. Any thing that catches fire, BJcon, 
a. A conteft ; a game. Shakcfpeare. 

3. One equal to another j one able to 
conteft with another. Rogers, 

4. One who Tuits or tallies with another. 

5. A marriap.e. Shakcfpeare. 

6. One to be married.' Clarendon. 
To MATCH, -v. a. [from the noun,] 

I, To be equal to. Sbakejpt-are, 

a. To /hew an equal. South. 

3. To equal ; to oppofe. Milcoti. 

4. To fuit ; to proportion. Rofcommon. 

5. To marry J to give in marriage. 

To MATCH. V. n. 

1. To be married. Sidney. 

a. To fuit ; to be proportionate j to tally. 
MA'TCFIABLE. a. [horn match.] 

I. Suitable 3 equal j ht Co be joined. 


a. Correfpondent. Wooatuard. 

MA'TCHLESS. a. [from match.] With- 
out an equal. Waller. 
MA'TCHLESSLY. /. In a manner not to 

be equalled, 
MA'TCHLESSNESS. /. [from matchlefs.] 

State of being without an equal. 
MATCHMAKER. /. [tf^aicb and make.] 

Z. One who contrives marr.agef. 


a. One who makes matches to burn. 
Mate. /. [maca, Saxon. j 

I. A hufband or wife. Sperfer. 

a. A companion, male or female. Milton. 

3. The male or female of animals, Miltm. 

4. One that fails in the fame (hip. Rojc, 

5. One that eats at the farrie table. 

6. The fecond in fubordination j as, the 
maftcr's mate. 

To MATE. V. a. [from the noun.] 

I. To match j to many. Spenfer. 

a. To be equal to. Dryden, 

3, To oppofe ; to equal. Shaki^jpeare^ 

4. [Mattery French.] To fub ue j to 
confound \ to crufli. Sbakefpeare, 

MATE'RIAL. a. [materiel, Fr.J 

J. Confifting of matter j corporeal ; net 
fpiritual. Davies, 

a. Important 5 momentous j eflential. 


MATE'RI ALS. /. The fubflance of which 
any thing is made. Bronvn. 

MATERIALIST. /. [from materia/.] One 
who denies fpiritual fubftances. Dryden. 

MATE'RIALITY. /. [ v,aterialite% Fr. ] 
Corporeity j material exiftence j not fpi- 
rituality, Digby. 

MATE'RIALLY. ad. [itova material.] 
X, In the ftate of matter. Boyle 


a. Not formally. 


3, Importantly J eiTentiaUy. Spenfer. 

MATE'RI ALNESS. /. [from matenai] 

State of being material j importance. 
MATE'RIATE. 1 a. [materiatui, Lat.] 
MATE'RIATED. 5 Confifting of m><tter. 

MATERIA'TION. /* [from materia, Lat.] 

The adt of forming matter. 

MATE'RNAL. a. [materncy Fr. materrus, 

Lac. j Motherly j befitting or pertaining 

to a mother. Dryden. 

MATE'RNITY. /. [from maternm, Latin.] 

The charat^er or relation of a mother, 
MAT-F£LON. /. A fpecies of knapweed. 
MATHEMA'TICAL, 7 a. [mathematicus, 
MATHEMA'TICK. I Lat. J Confidered 
according to the doctrine of the mathema- 
ticians. Denham, 
MATHEMA'TICALLY. ad. [from mathe- 
matick.] Accoiding to the laws of the 
mathematical fcierces. Bentley, 
MATHEMaTI'CIAN. /. [ mathematicus, 
Lat. J A man verfed in the mathema- 
ticks. /Iddifon. 
MATHEMA'TICKS. /. [ /waSnfxa^iXfl. ] 
That fcience which contemplates whate- 
ver is capable of being numbered or mea- 
fured. Harris, 
MA'lHES. /. An herb. Ainfivorth. 
MATHE'SIS. /. [fAti^nci!;.] The doarinc 

of mathematicks. 

MA'TIN. a. [»2a^/«€, French.] Morning; 

ufcd in the morning, Milton, 

MA'TIN. /. M rning. Shakefpeare, 

MA'TINS. /. [mattnes, French.] Morning 

wo I {hip. Cieavelard. Stillingjieet, 

MA'TRASS. /. [matras, Fr.] A chemical 

glafs veflel mnde for digeftion or di.lillati- 

on, being fometimes bellied, and fometimes 

riling gradually taper into a conical figure. 


MA'TRICE. /. [matrix, Latin.] 

I. The womb j the cavity where the fce- 
tus is formed. Bacon. 

a. A mould ; that which gives form to 
fomething inclofed. Woodward, 

MATRICIDE. /. [matricidium, Lat.] 
I. Slaughter of a mother. Broivn, 

a. A mother killer. 
To MATRi'CULATE. v. a. [from matrix 
cula, Lat.] To enter or admit to a mem- 
berfljip of the univerfities of England. 

MATRI'CULATE./. [from the verb.] A 
man matriculated, Arbuthnot, 

MATRI'CULATION. /. [ from matricu- 
late.] The aft of matriculating. Ayliffe, 
MATRIMONIAL, a. [ matrimoniaU Fr- ] 
Suitable to marriage j pertaining to marri« 
age J connubial j nuptial 5 hymeneal. 


MAT . 

MATRIMO'NIALLY. ad. [from wa/r/wo- 
fiijl.j According lo the oianncr or laws of 
marriage. Ayhffe. 

MA'TRIMONV. /. \matrimor.ium, Latin.] 
Marriage j the nuptial ftatc. Com, Prayer. 

MA^TRIX. j. [Lat.»r.^rr;f^, Fr.] Wombj 
a place where any thing »s generated or 
formed. Broivn. 

MA'TRON /. {matrone, French.] 

1. An elderly lady. Tatkr. 

2. An old woman. Pofe, 
MA'TRONAL. a [wa.'ronfl//.., Uttn.] Suit- 
able to a matron j conftituc ng a matron. 5d. 

MA'IRONLY. a. [inatron and Itke.l El- 
derly ; ancient. UEfirarge. 

MAI RCySS. /. Mautff-.i are a fort of iol- 
diers i.ext in degree under the gunners, who 
aflift about the gun? m traverfing, fpung- 
ing, firing, and loading them. Baiiey, 

MATTER. /. \materta, Latin,] 

1. Body J fubftance extended. 

Dai'ies. Neivton. 

2. Materials; that of which any thing is 
compcfed. Bacon. 

3. Subjeft ; thing treated. Itllotjon. 

4. The whole J the very thing fuppofed. 

5. Affair j bufinefs : in a familiar fenfe. 


6. Caufe of difturbance. Sbakefp^are. 

7. Subjeft of fuit or complaint. A£is. 

8. I.-nport } confequence j importance j 
moment. Sbakfff-eare. 

9. Thing ; objeft ; that which has fome 
particular relation. Bacon, 

10. Qu^ellion conGdered. South. 

11. Space or quantity nearly computed. 


12. Purulent running. JVifeman, 

13. Ufion the Matt ZR. With refpcft 
to the main 5 neaily. Bipop Sanderfon, 

To MA'TTEK. -v.n. [from the noun.] 

1. To be of importance J to import. 

Ben. Jobnfon. 

a. To generate matter by fuppuration. 

To MATTER, v. a. [from the noun. J To 

regard ; not to negleft. 
MATTERY, a. [irom »2ar/«r.] Purulent ; 

generating matter. Harvey, 

MATTOCK. /. [mattuc, Saxon.] 

i. A kind of toothed inftrument to pull up 

wood Sbakcfpeare, 

2. A pickax. Knol'.ei. 
MATTRESS. /. [matras, French.] A kind 

of quilt made to lie upon. D'^yden. 

MATURATION. /. [from maiuro, Lat.] 

1. The ad of ripening j the ftateo grow- 
ing ripe. Be fit ley. 

2. The fuppuration of excrementitious or 
extr:iv -rated juices into matter. Sluincy. 

MATUI^ATIVE. a. [from maturo, Lat.] 
I. Popeningj conducive to ripenefs. 



2. Conducive to the fuppuration of a fore, 
MATU'RE. a, \maturus, Latin.] 

1. Rae } perfeded by time. Prior, 

2. Brought near to completion. Sbehjp, 

3. Well-difpofcd J fit for execution i weli- 

To MATU'RE. v. a. [wa'aro, Latin.] Ta 
ripen ; to advance to ripenefs. Bjcoti, 

MATU'RELY. ad. [from mature.] 

1. Ripely; completely. 

2. W,th counlcl welldigefted. Srcift, 

3. Early ; foon. Benthy. 
MaTU'RITY./. [maturita:, -Lzun.] Ripe- 
nefs; completion. Ro^e/s. 

MA'UDLIN. a. Drunk; fuddled. Southern, 

MAUDLIN./", {ageratum, Lit.] A pbnt. 

MA'UGRE. 'a. [rralgre, F.-'cneh.] In fpitc 
of ; notwithftanding. Burnet, 

MAVIS./. [wflat//j, French.] A thrufh. 


To MAUL. v.a. [from malleus^ Lat.] To 
beat ; to bruife ; to hurt in coarle or 
butcherly manner. Dryden. 

MAUL. /. [malleui, Latin.] A heavy ham- 
mer. Pro-v. 

MAUND. /. [ma n't,, Saxon ; mande, Ft.] 
A hand bafker. 

To MAUNDER, v. n. [maudire, French.] 

To grumble ; to murmur. 



MA'UNDERER. /. [from wtfar^^r. j A 

MAUNDY-THURSDAY./. Thethurfday 

before Good friday. 
UAUSO'LEUM. f. [Latin.] A pompous 

funeral monument. 
MAW. /. [ma^a, Saxon.] 

1. The ftjmach of animalSr- Sidney, 

2. The craw of birds. Arbutbr.nt, 
MA'WKISH. a. Apt togivefitiety. Pope. 
MA'WKISKNESS. /. [from maivki/h.] 

Aptnefs to caufe loathing. 

MA'WMET. /. A puppet, anciently an idol. 

MA'W.MISH. a. Fooli/h ; idle ; naufcous», 

MAW- WORM. /. Gut-worms frequently 
creep into the ftomach ; whence they arc 
called ftomach or mazu-icormt. Harvsy. 

MA'XILLAR. 7 a. [maxillarii, Litin.j 

MA'XILLARY. J Belonging to the jaw- 
bone. Baccn. 

M.A'XIM. /. [m'.ximum^ Latin.] An axiom; 
a general principle j a leading truth. 


MAY, auxiliary verb, preterite wz/^ir. [ma- 
3m, Saxon.] 

1. To be at liberty j to be permitted j to 
be allowed ; as, you tnay do for me all you 
can. ' ^Locke. 

2. To be poflible. Baccn. 

3. To be by chance. Sbak:jpe3rt. 

4. To have power. Bacr>n. 

5. A word exprefilikg dcfire. D-ydm. 


M E A 

MAY-^^, Perhaps. Spenfer. Creech. 

MAY. /. [Maius, Latin.] The'fifth monih 
of the year j the confine of Spring and 
Summer j the early or gay pait of life. 


To MAY. tj. n. [ from the noun. '] To 
gather flowers on May morning, Sidney. 

MAY-BUG. /. [May and bug.] A chaffer. 

MAY-DAY. /. [May and day.] The firft 
of May. Sbakefpeare, 

MAY-FLOWER./. [May zn^jioiuer.] A 
plant. Bacon. 

MAY-FLY./. [Mayznifiy.] An infe£t. 

Walton » 

MAY-GAME. /. [May 2n6 game.] Diver- 
fion ; fport j fuch as arc ufed on the firft 
of May, Bacon. 

MAY- LILY. /. The fame with lily of the 

MAY-POLE./. [May ini pole,] Pole to be 
danced round in May, Pope, 

MAY- WEED. /. [May and <iveed,] A fpe- 
cies of chamomile. Miller, 

MA'YOR. /. [»M_/or, Latin.] Thechiefma- 
giftrate of a corporation, who, in London 
and York, is called Lord Mayor, Knolles, 

MA'YORALTY. /. [from mayor,] The of- 
fice of a m-iyor. Bacon. 

MA'YORESS. /. [from mayor.] The wife 
of a mayor. 

MA'ZARD. /, [wfl/c^o;>e, French.] A jaw. 

MAZE. /. 

1. A labyrinth j a place of perplexity and 
winding paflages. 7homfon. 

2. Confufion of thought j uncertainty ; 
perplexity. Sidney, 

ToMAZE. [from the noun.] To be- 
wilder ; to conful'e. Spenjer, 

MA'ZY. a. [from maze.] Perplexed ; con- 
fufed. D'^yden. 

MAZER. /. [?»flfpr, Dutch.] A maple cup. 


M. D. Medicina DcSior, do£lor of phyfick. 

ME. The oblique cafe of /. Pope. 

ME'ACOCK. /. [tnci coq. Skinner.] An ux- 
orious or effeminate man. 

ME'ACOCK. a. Tame j timorous ; cow- 
ardly. Shakejpeare. 

MEAD. /. [masbo, Saxon.] A kind of drink 
made of water and honey. Dryden, 

MEAD. 7 /• [nia-'^e, Sajton.] Ground 

ME'ADOW. 5 fomewhat watery, not plow- 
ed, fTaller. 

MEADOW-SAFFRON./, [colchicum, Lat.] 
A vlant. ^ Miller. 

MEADOW- SV/EET. /. [u!n:aria, Litin.] 
A p.lant. 

ME'AGEIt. ^. [maigre. Trench.] 

1. Lean} wanting tiefli j ftarved. Dryden. 

2. Poor J hungry. D-yder., 
To ME'AGER. v. a, [from thencun.j To 

make lean. Knolles, 


M E A 

ME'AGERNESS. /. [from meager.] 

1. Leannefs J want of flefli. 

2. Scantnefs ; barenefs. j^acont 
MEAK. /. A hook with a long handle. 

MEAL. /. [male, Saxon.] 

1. The a<a of eating at a certain time. 


2. A repaft. Sbakefpeard 
g. Apart} a fragment. Bacon. 
4.. The flower or edible part of corn. 

To MEAL. V. a. [meler, Fr.] Tofprinklej 

to mingle. Sbakefpeare, 

ME'ALMAN. /. [meat a^n^ man,] One that 

deals in meal. 
ME'ALY. a. [itommeal.] 

1. Having the tafte or foft infipidity of 
meal. Arbuthnot, 

2. Befprinkled, as with meal. Broivm 
MEALY-MOUTHED, a. Soft mouthed ; 

unable to fpeak freely, VEjirange, 


nefs } reftraint of fpeech; 
MEAN. a. [moene, Saxon.] 

1. Wanting dignity ; of low rank or birth, 


2. Low-minded J bafe j ungenerous} fpi- 
ritlefs. Smalndge, 

3. Contemptible} defpicable. Pope. 

4. Low in the degree of any property } low 
in worth. Dryden, 

5. [Moyen, French.] Middle } moderate ; 
without excefs. Sidney. 

6. Intervening } intermediate. 1 Kings, 
MEAN /. [moyen, French j 

1. Mediocrity ; middle rate ; medium, 


2. Meafure ; regulation. Spnfer, 

3. Interval j interim j mean time. Spenfer, 

4. Inftrument} meafure} that which is 
ufed in order to any end. Hooker, 
c. By all Means. Without doubt j 
without hefitation. 

6. By no Means. Not in any degree} 
not at ail. Addnon, 

7. Revenue} fortune. Shake feare, 

8. Mean-time. 7 In the iiiusrvening 
Mean while 5 time. Sivift, 

To MEAN. v. n. [meenen, Dutch.] To 
have in mind } to intend } to purpo/e. 

To MEAN. -v. a, 

1. Topurpofej to intend} to defign. 


2. To intend ; to hint covertly } to under- 
ftand. Dryden, 

MEA NDER. /. Maze } labyrinth^ fl-xu- 
ous paflTige ; ferpentine winding. Ha fi 

MEA'NDROUS. a. [from mf<3«^cr.] Wind- 
ing ; fkxuous. 

ME'ANING. /. \JiQmmcrin.] 

I. Purpoie j intention, Shahfteare. 

2. Hibiluai 

M E A 

M E D 

ft. Habitual infention. Rofcommin. 

3. The fenfe ; the thin;: undernoud. Pope. 
ME'ANLY. ad. [from tr.ea,:.] 

1. Moderately } not in a great degree. 

a. Without dignity ; poorly. Milton, 

3. Without greatnefs of mind j ungeae- 
roufly. Fr:or. 

4. Without refpe£t. /fj/fj. 
ME'ANNESS. /. [from mejn.] 

1. Want of exceJience. Hooker, 

2. Want of dignity j low rank ; poverty. 


3. Lownefs of mind. ^out,b. 

4. Sofcii^ncls J niggardlinefs, 
MEANT, perf. and part. p<iir. of to mean. 

MEASE, f, A ff?ffl/<r of herrings is five hun- 
dred, Atnftvortb, 

1. Meajhi are a critical eruption in a fever, 
well known in the comnrion pradlice. 


2. A di'enfeof fwine. Ben.Jotvjcn. 

3. A difeafe of trees. Mortinur, 
ME'ASLED. a. {^Uommeojiei.^ Infeaed 

with the meafles. Hudibras. 

ME'ASLY. a. [itommeapi.l Scaobed with 

the m-.Tllcb. S'wifc. 


I. Such as miv be meafureJ. Bintley. 

■2.. Moderate j in fmall quantity, 
ME'ASURABLENESS./. [from mtafurab!er\ 

Quality or admitting to be me-fured. 
ME'A UHABLY. ad. [from meajurable.'] 

Moderately. Eccluj. 

ME'ASURE. /. [mefure, French.] 

1. Thdt by whith any thing is meafured. 


2. The rule by which any thing is adju (led 
or proportioned. More, 

3. Proportion} quantiry fettled. Hcokdr, 
4- A ftated quantity} as, a meifure of 
wine. Shakrfpeare. 

5. Sufficient quantity. Shakejpeare, 

6. Allotment j portion allotted. 

Miiton. Tilhtjor. 

7. Degree. yH^bot. 

8. Proportionate time} roufical time. 


9. Motion harmonically regulated. D^yd. 

10. A ftately dance. Sbak^jpeare. 
J I, Moderation; not excefs, Sbakefp. 
32. Limit; boundary. Pfalms. 

13. Any thing adjufted. Taylor. Smah, 

14, Syllables metrically numbered 3 metre. 

75. Tune J proportionare notes, Spenjer. 

16. Mean of a£lioo j mean to an end. 

C J'cndc.v. 

17. To have hard mrd/l^rt j to be hardly 
dedr bv. 

To ME' .A SURE, 1', «. [w^/tr/r, French.] 

1. To compute the quantity of any thing 
by fome fettled rule. Bacon, 

1. To pafs through j to judge of extent by 
marching over. Dryd<:r, 

3. Tojudge of quantity or extent, orgreat- 
nefs. Ml/ton, 

4. Toadjuftj to proportion. Taylor, 

5. To mark out in ftated q'jantities. 


6. To allot ordiftributebymeafure. Matt, 
Mt'ASURELESS. a. [irom mea'ure.\ Im- 

menfe ; imrneafurable, Sbakefpiare, 

ME'ASUREMENT. /. [from meajure.1 

Menfuration ; aft of meafuring. 
ME'ASUREil. /. [itomTr.ejJure.] One that 

ME AT. /. [met, French.] 

1. F14ih to beeaten. Bactn. 

7. Food in general. Shak'fpeare. 
ME'ATED. a. [iiom rftcat .'\ Fed j foddered. 

MEATHE. /. [medd, Welili.] Drink. 

MECHA'NICAL. 7 a. [mecbar-cus, Latin j 
MECKA'NICK, S (torn iucrx<*^n.] 

1. Mean j fervile j of mean occupation. 


2. Conftrufted by the laws of mcchmick?. 

Dry den, 

3. Skilled in mechanicks, 
MECHA'NICK. f. A manufaaurer ; alow 

workmsn. iicucht 

MECHA'NICKS. /. [mechanica, Latin.] 
Dr. Wallis defines mtcbar.icki to be the ge- 
ometry of :not ■. n. 
MECHANICALLY, ad. lUt>m m:ckanich\ 
According to the laws of mechanifm. 

Ray. Ncivfon. 
MECHA'NICALNESS /. [from mscbanick.-] 

1. Ag-eeublenefs to the the laws of mc- 

2. Merinriefs. 

MECHANICIAN. /. A m^n profefTing or 
fludyii.g the conftruftion of machines. 


MECHA'NISM. /. [mecbanifme, French.] 
I; Aftion according to mechanick laws. 

t. Conftriiftion of parts depending on each 
other in jny complicated fabrick. 

MECHO'ACAN. /. A large roor, twelve, 
or fourteen inches long, and of the thick- 
nefs of a man's \v ii^, ul'ually divided into 
two branches at the bottom : it is brought 
ffom the province of m-thoicun in S-'Uth 
America : the root in powJer is a gentl- 
and mild piirgative. LV /, 

M E CO' N I U M . r. r^„ ^4.,, „ j 

1. Expreired i'jice of poppy. ^ 

2. The firft excrement of children. 

ME DAL, /. {msdaiUe^ Frsacb.J 

I. An anci«n; <»ia. AJd'<''6r. 

4 H »;. ^ 



2, A piece ftamped in honour of fotne re- 
markable performance. 
MEDA'LLICk.. a. [item medal] Pertain- 
ing to medals. j^ddijon. 
MEDA'LLION. /. {medalUon, Yrtnch.) A 
\,x-t antique ftamp or medal. Addijdn. 
MEDALLIST./. Imedadltfte.-F^tnch.'] A 
man fkilled or curious in medals. Addijcn. 
To ME'DDLE. f. «. [mtddchn^ Dutch] 
I. To have to do. Bacon. 
a. To jnterpole j to aft in any thing. 


3. To fnterpofe or intervene importunely 

or ofticioufly. Pro-v. 

To ME'DDLE, v. a. [from mfjlerj French.] 

To mix 5 to mingle. i>penjer. 

ME'DDLER. /. [from meddle.) Ooe who 

bulies himfejf 
n.-> concern. 

th things in which he has MEDI'CINABLE. a. 

ME'DICALLY. ad. [{tommedica!.] Phy- 
fically 5 medicinally. Broivn* 

ME DICAMENT. /. [mcdicamtrtum, Lat.] 
Any thing ufed in healing j generally to- 
pical applications. Hammond* 

MEDICAME'NTAL. a. [from medicament.^ 
Relating to medicine, internal or topical, 

MEDICAME'NTALLY. ad. [from medica- 
mental,] After the manner of medicine. 


To ME'DICATE. 'u.a. [?;:-Jw, Latin.] To 
tinflureor impregnate with any thing me- 
dicinal. Rambler. 

MEDICATION. /. [from medicate.'] 

I. The z€t of tin^uring or impregnating 
with medicinal ingredients. Bacon, 

5, The ufe of phyfick. Broivn, 


MEDIA'S7JNE. / The fimbriated body 
about which the guts are convolved. 

To MEDIATE, 'o.n. [from wfrf.'wi, Lat.] 

1, To interpofe as an equal friend to both 
parties Ro^eru 

2. To be between two. J^''gh' 
To ME'DIATE. 1/. a. 

1. To form by mediation. C'J'^endn. 

2. To limit by fomething in the middle. 

ME'DIATE. r. [medial, French.] 

I. Inter pofed } intervening. Prior, 

'2., Middle; between two extremes. Prior. 

3. Adting as a means. Wottor.. 
Mti'DIATELY. ad. [from mediate.] By a 

lecondary caufe. Raleigb, 

lilEDIA'TION. /. [medlatior, French.] 
i» Interpofition; intervention ^ agency be- 
tween two partie?, pra(ftifed by a common 
friend . Bacon. 

■2.. Agency; an intervenient power. South. 
3. Interceffion; entreaty for another. 

MEDIA'TOR. /. [mediateur.Titnch.] 
1. One that intervenes between two parties. 

1, An interceflbr ; an entreater for ano- 
ther. Stiliingf'cf, 
3, One of the charafters of our blefTed 

MEDIATORIAL. 7 a. [from 

MEDIATORY. S Belonging to a me- 
diator. Fiddes. 

MEDIA'TORSHIP. /. [from mediator.] The 
offue of m-diator. 

MEDIA'TRIX. j. [medius, Latin.] A fe- 
male mediator. Ainfivortb. 

Me Lie,/. [rW/ifu, Litin,] A plant. 


ME'DICi^L. a. [medicus, Litin.] Phyfical ; 
re.c t .^.g to the art ol hoi ng. Brawn, 

Having the power of 

Mi It on. 


I. Having the power of healing; having 
phyfical virtue. Milton* 

1, Belonging to phyfick. Butler, 

MEDICI'NALLY. ad. [ from medicinal. ] 
Phyfically. Dryden. 

ME'blCINE. /. [medicine, French ; medicir.a, 
Latin.] Any remedy adminiftred by a phy- 
fician. DrydefH 

To ME'DICINE. v. a. [from the noun.]' 
To operate as phyfick. Siakefpeare, 

MEDI'ETY. /. [>;f^/fr/, French.] Middle 
ftate ; participation of two extremes ; half, 
MEDIO'CRITY. /. [mediocritat, Latin.] 
I. Small degree; middle rate; middle 
ftate. . TVotton. 

1. Moderation ; temperance. Hooker. 

To MI-'DITATE, 1;. a. [meditor, Lzt.] 
I. To plan ; to fcheme ; to contrive. Dryd, 
z. To tliink on ; to revolve in the mind, 
To ME'DITATE. y. «. To think ; to mufe ; 
to crntemplate. Taylor, 

MEDITATION./, [meditatio, Latin.] 
1. Deep thought; clofe attention; con- 
trivance ; contemplation. Bentley. 
a. Thought employed upon facred objefts, 
GranvilL' . 
3. A feries of thoughts, occafioned by any 
objfd or occurrence. 
MEDITATIVE, a. [irom medicate.] 
I. Addided to meditation. 
1. Exprefiing intention or defign. 
MEDiTERRA'NE. n r ,. , 
MEDITERRA'NEAN. i ^'J^ La in 1 
MEDITERRA'NEOUS.5 ''''^' ^"""-J 

1. Encircled with land. Brereivood. 

2. Inland ; remote from the fea. Brcwn, 
ME'DIUM. /. [medium, Latin.] 

1. Any thing intervening. Bacon. 

2, Any'"' thing ufed in ratiocination, in 
order to a condufion, Bohr. 

3. The 

M E E 

3. The middle place or degree; the j'jft 
temperature between extremes. h^Ejtr, 
ME'DLAR. /. [frejpiius, Latin.] 

I. A tree. Miller. 

a. The fruit of that tree. ClccLtland. 

ME'DLY. /. A mixture j a mifccllanv ; a 
mingled mafs. JValflt. 

ME'DLEY. a. Mingled j confufed. Dryd. 

MEDULLAR. 7 a. [meduUaire, French.] 

MEDULLARY. 5 Pertaining to the mar- 
row. Cbeyne. 

MEED. /. [met), Saxon.] 

1. Reward; recompence, Milton. 

2. Prefentj gift. Shakcfpea>e. 
MEEK. a. [minkr, Iflandick.] Mild of tem- 
per; not proud j not roHgh ; foft j gentle. 

To ME'EKEN. v. a. [ from metk. ] To 

make meek ; to foften. Tbomjon. 

ME'EKLY.d^. [ixommeek.^ Mildly ; gently. 

ME'EKNESS. /. [ixom meek.'\ Gentknefs; 

mildnefs ; foftnels of temper. Atttrhury. 
MEER. ^, [SeeMERE.] Simple ; unmixed. 
MEER. /. [See Mere.] A Jake ; a boun- 

ME'ERED. a. Relating to a boundary. 

MEET. a. 

1. Fit; proper; qualified. Now rarely 

ufed. ^'l^itgift. 

a. Meet ivitb. Even with- Sbaktjp. 
To MEET. "v.a. fttt. J me: ^ I have met '^ 

particip. met. 

J. To come face to face ; to encounter. 


3. To join anoth«r in the fame p!ace. 


3. To clofe one with another. AJdijon. 

4. To find ; to be treated with ; to light 
on. fof.e, 

5. To affemble from different parts. 

To MEET. -v. n. 

1. To encounter ; to clofe face to face, 

2. To encounter in hoftility. 

3. To affemble ; to come together. 


4. To MzzT ivitb. To light on ; to find. 


5. TtMzr.r 'zvitb. To join. Sbakejp. 

6. To Meet ivttb. To encounter; to 
engage. Sbakefpeare. 

7. A lalinifm. To obviate. Bacon, 

8. To advance half way. Houtb. 

9. To unite ; to join. 

ME'ETER. /. [ from meet. ] One that ac- 
corts another. ISbakeJpeare. 

ME'£,TLNG. /. [from rr.eet.^ 

I. An allembly ; a convention. Spratt, 
5. A ccngrefs* Skaitjpeart, 


3. A conventicle; an affembly of dJ/Tcnt- 

4. A conflux : as» the meeting of two 

MEE'TING- HOUSE./, [meeting znA b^.ufe.] 

Place where diffcntcrs affemble to wor/hip, 


MEETLY, ad. [from the adjedive.] Fitly ; 

Mli'ETNESS. /. [fromw^r.] Fitnefs ; pro- 

MEGRIM. /. [from Hemicrany.] Diforder 
of the head. Bacon, 

To MEINE. -v. a. To mingle. 

ME'INY. /. [meriju, Saxon.] A retinue; 
domeftick fervants. Shakejpejre, 

MELANAGO'GUES. /. [from /uaXcvo; and 
aj'flu.] Such medicines as are fuppofcd par- 
ticularly to purge off black choler. 

MELANCHO'LICK. a. (from mclancboly.^ 
Ddordered with melancholy ; fanciful ; 
hypochondriacal. Clarendon. 

MELANCHO'LY. /. [from (xi\c.,o; and 

I. A difeafe fuppofed to proceed from a 

redundance of black bile. 


2. A kind of madnefs, in which the mind 
JG always fixed on one object. 6hakeipeart\ 

3, A gloomy, penfive, difcontented tem- 
per. Taylor, 

MELANCHO'LY. a. [ melanco'-tque, Fr. ] 

1. Gloomy; difmal. Dcnbam, 

2. DiTeafed with melancholy ; fanciful 5 
habituall dejedled. Locke. 

MELICE'RIS. f. [fxiXiKtifl;.] MJiccrit is 
a tumour inclofed in a cyftis, and confifl- 
ing of matter like honey : it gathers with- 
out pain, and gives way to preliure, but 
returns again. Sbarp. 

ME'LILOT. /. [melHot, Fr. mtlihtus, Lat.J 
A pl^nt. M/Z/er. 

To MELIORATE, v. a. [meliorer, French ; 
from mtliory Lat.] To better ; to improve. 


MELIORA'TION. /. [melioration, French.] 
Improvement j adt of bettering. Bjcod. 

MELIORITY. /. [hommehor,L\t.'\ State 
of being better. Eicon, 

To MELL, V. n. [meler^ Fr,] To mix; to 
meddle. Spcnfer, 

MELLITEROUS. a. Produftive of honey. 

MELLIFICA'TION. /. [ mfllifco, Latin. ] 
The art or pr<i«ftice of making honey, 


MELLITLUENCE. /. [ntd and jiu , Lat,] 
A honied fl w ; a flow of fweerncfs. 

MELLI'FLUENT. 7 a. [m.-l zrnifuo, Lat.] 

MELLIFLUOUS. J Flowing with honey. 


ME'LLOW. a. 

1. Soft with ripenefs; full ripe, Digby, 

2. Solt in found, Dryden, 

3. Soft J undtuuus. Bacon. 

4 H a 4 Drunkj 


4. Drunk j melted down with drink. 

To ME'LLOW. v. a. [from the noun.] 
J. To ripen j to mature j to loften by ripe- 
refs. Addifcn. 

2. To foften. Mortimer. 

3. To mature to perfeflion. Dry den. 
To ME'LLOW. t;. n. To be matured j to 

ripen. Donne. 

ME'LLOWNESS. / [from w^/Aw.] 

I. Maturity of fruits j ripenefs j foftnefs 

by maturity. I^igh' 

1. Maturity j full dge. 
MELOCO'TON. /. [m^/cfo/o;?.', Spanifli.] A 

MELO'DIOUS. a, [from »:^W_y.] Mafical ; 

harmonious-. Milton. 

MELO'DIOUSLY. ad. [ from melodious. J 

Muficaily ; harmfinioiidv. 
MELO'DIOUSNESS. /. [from melodious.] 

Harn-joniournsfs j muficalnefy, 
ME'LODY. /. [fxiXoo^i-a.] Mufick ; harmo- 
ny of found. Hookar, 
ME'LON. /. [milo, Latin.] 

I, A plant. Miller. 

t. The fruit. Numb. 

MELON-THISTLE. {. A plant. 
To MELT. V. a. [my t^n, Saxon,] 

1. To diflulve 5 to make liquid} com- 
monly by hear. Locke. 

2. To dllolve 5 to break in pieces. 


3. To foften to love or tendernefs. AddiJ. 

4. To wade away, Sbakefpeare. 
To MELT, nj.n, 

1. To become liquid } to difToIve. Dryd, 
c. To be foftcned to pity, or any gentle 
pafTinn, Sbakeffeare. 

3. To be diflblved j to Jofe fubftance, 


4. To be fubdue(J by affliaion. /'fu/n:s. 
ME'LTER /. [from w.v.'r.J One that melts 

metals. Sidney. 

ME'LTINGLY, ad. [from m'ting.] Like 

fomethini: melting. Sidney. 

MELWEL. /. A kind of fiiTi.' 
MEMBER. /. [memLre^ French.] 

J. A limb 5 a part appendant to the body. 

2. A part of a difccurfe or period j a head ; 
a claufc. Urates, 

3. Aivy partof an integral. Addifon. 
4 One of a community. Addifon. 

MEMBRANE. /. [mfm6rara, Uun.] A 

memhrane is a web uf feveral forts of fibres, 

interwoven together fur the coveiing and 

wrapping up fome parts: the fibres of the 

ip'-mhrares give them aneiafticiry, whereby 

they can contract, and clofely grafp, the 

Dirts rhey contain. ^ircy, Broiin. 

MEMB.^ANA'CEO'JS. -> a. [memhrar.eux, 

MEMBIA'NEOUS, J. French.] Con- 

MEMB.IA'NOUS. 3 fiftingofmem- 

tiaijss, jBoyU\ 

M E N. 

MEME'NTO. J. [Latin.] A memorial no- 
tice j a hint to awal*n the mem.0Ty. 

MEMO'IR. /. [memoire, French.] 

1. An account of tranfadions famiiiaily 
written. Prior, 

2. Hint J notice j account of any thing. 


ME'MORABLE. a. \memorabiH$, Latin.] 

Worthy of memory j not to be forgotten. 


ME'MORABLY. ad. lUvimmeworahU.] \t\ 

a manner worthy of memory. 
MEMORANDUM, f. [Latin.] A note 
to help the mcmorj'. ISwift, 

MEMO'RIAL. a. [viemorialii^ Latin] 

1, Preleivative of memory. Broome. 

2. Omtained in memory. JVatts. 
Mt-MO'RIAL. /. A monument J fomething 

to preferve memory. S'tth. 

MEMO'RLALIST. / [from memorial.] 0ns 
who writes memoriars. i^p: Bator. 

MEMORI'ZE. -v. a. [from memory .\ To re- 
coid j to commit to memory by writing. 
Wot ton, 

MEMORY. /. \mimoria, I.atin.] 

J. The power of retaining or reco!le£ling 
tilings part J retention j reminifcence } re- 
colledlion. Locke. 

2. Exemption from ob'ivion, Shakefp, 

3. Time of knowledge. Milton, 

4. Memorial j mo/ii.mental record. 


5. Refle£tion; attention. Not in ufe. 

MEN, the plural of m^in. Clarendon. 

MEN-PLEASER. /. [m^n andpleafer.] One 

too careful to pleafe others, Eph. 

To ME'NACE. -v. a. [m.nacer, French,] To 

th) eaten 5 to threat. Shakefpeare. 

M£'NACE. /. [7nenace,Yt. from the verb.] 

Threat, Brown. 

ME'NACER. /. [menaceuryYT.'] A threat- 

ener ; one that threats. Philips. 

MENACE. /. [French,] A collodion of 

animals. Addijon, 

MENAGOGUE. /. [fj-^vi^ znA ayo,.] A 

medicine that promotes the tlux of the 

To MEND nf. a. [einendo, Latin.] 

1. To repair from breach or decay. 

2 Citron. 

2. To correfl 5 to alter for the better. 

.3. To help ; to advance. Locke. 

4. To improve 5 to increafe. Dryden. 

To MEND. 11. n. To grow better j to ad- 
vance in any good. Pope. 
ME'NDABLE. a. [from mend.] Capable of 

being mended. 

MENDA'CITY. /. [irom mendax^hMm.'] 

Falsehood. B'onvn. 

MEANDER, f, [from mend.] One who makes 

a(iy change for the better. Shchfp. 


M E R 

ME NDICANT. a. [merJuam, Lat.] Beg- 
ging ; poor to a fta:* of beggary. fiJJet. 

ME'NDICANT. /. [mendicant, French.] A 
beggar j one of fome begging fraternity. 

To ME'NDICATE. -v. a. [mindico, Latin ; 
mendiery French.] To beg j to afk alms, 

MENDrCITY."/. [menduitai^Lnxn.] The 
Jife of a beggar. 

MENDS for amends, Shakcfpeare. 

ME'NIAL. a. [from meivy.] Belonging to 
the retinue, or train of lervants. 

ME'N!AL. /. One of the train of fervants. 

MENT'NGES. /. [i^v,dy(^.] Tnt me- 
ringei art the two membranes that envelope 
the brain, which are called the pia mater 
and dura mater j the latter being the exte- 
rior involuorum, JVijtman. 

MENO'LOGY. /. [fAnwUyioy .] A regifler 
of months. Sfilltngjieet. 

ME'NOW. /. commonly minnoit.: A hih. 
*^ y^infworth. 

ME'NSAL. a. [^menfalisy Latin.] Belonging 
ro the table. Clarijj'a, 

ME'NSTRUAL. a. [menfiruus, Latin.] 

1. Monthly J happening once a month ; 
Idfting a mon^h. Bemly, 

2. PcrtainJHg to a menftruum. B-con. 
ME'NSTRUOUS. a. [nunftruus^ Lzun.'] 

Hiviiij; thecatamenia. Broivn. 

ME'NSTRUUM. /. All liquors arc called 
mtjiruumi which are ufed as diOblvcnts, 
rr vo extrafl the virtues cf ingredients by 
infufinn, ri°co<ftion. iQu:ncy. Ncioton. 

MENSURABI'LITY. / [mnfurai>,l!i,PT.] 

Cap .c;'> ji oting meafured, 
ME'NSURABLE. a. [m:nju>a, Lat.] Mea- 
furablfi ; that may be meafured. Holder. 
ME'NSURAL. a. ,'from m-.ttjura, Latin.] 

Relating to meafure. 
To ME'NbURATF. -v. a. \iTom menfura, 
Lr'iri. [ To meafure j to take the dimen 
'ion of an\ ti.jng. 
MLiNSURA'riON. /. [from »jf«/«ftf, Lat.] 
Th'- act or pradtice of meafuring ; refult 
of mea'uring. Arbutbr.ot. 

ME'NTAL, rf. [OT.«m, Latin.] Iincliedual j 
ex Hing in tne mind. MHton. 

ME'MTALLy. ad. [from mntai] Intcilec- 
tuaLy J in the mind j nut praiftically, but 
in thought or meditation, BemUy, 

ME'NTlOi^. /, [ m'-ntio, Latin. ] Oral or 
written expreflion, or recital of ar-y thing. 
To ME'iN'TION. i/. a. [memionner, Fren.] 
To write or exprefs in words or writing. 


MEPHI'TICAL. a. [m'pLitis, Uun.'] Ill 

favoured ; )+ inking, ^incy. 

MERA'CIOUS. a. [meracui,U^.] Strong} 

ME'RCABLE.a. [«j^rc3r, Latin.] To be fold 
or bought. DiS, 

M E R 

ME'RCANTANT. /. [m'rc:imantr,lu\.1 

A foreigner, or foreign trader. Sbak^ 

ME'RCANTILE. a. Tradings commercial, 

ME'RCAT. /. [mercatuSjh^Un,] Market; 

'"•^f. Sbratt, 

ME'RCATURE. /. [mercatura, Lat.] The 

pra<ftice of blying and felling. 
ME'RCENARfNESS. /. [from m'rcerary,^ 

Venality } refpcd to hire or reward, Boy/e. 
MERCENARY, a. [mercenarius^ Latin.j 

Venal j hired j fold for money. Hayzvood. 
ME'RCENARY. /. \mircenaire,Fxtnch.\ 

A hireling j one retained or ferving for pay. 


MrRCER.'/. [mercuTy French.] One who 

fells filks. noweU 

ME'RCE^Y. /. [mercerie, Fr. from m^rcer.^ 

Tr^de of mercers j dealing in filks. Graunt^ 
ToME'RCHAND. if.n. \marcbMder,Yx.-\ 

T.. traiifaa by traffick. Bicon^ 

ME'RCHANDISE. /. [rrarckardlfs, Fr.] 

1. Traffitkj commerce j trade. Taylor, 

2. Wares ; any thing to be Dought or fold. 


To ME'RCHANDISE. z,. r. To trade j to 
traffick ; to exercife commerce. Brereiv, 

ME'RCfrfANT. /. [ma,chanc!,Yren<ih.] One 
who tratficks to remote countries. yJddif. 

ME'XCHaNTLY. 7 a. Like a mer- 

ME'RCHANTLIKE-J chant. yi/«/w. 

MERCHANT.MaN. /. A Aip of trade. 


MERCHANTABLE, a. [from merchant.] 
Fit CO be b-.ught or fold, Broivn, 

ME'RCIABLE. a. This word in Spenjer 
figriifies mtrcifu!. 

ME'RCIFUL. fi. [mfrryand////.] Compaf- 
Tunace j tender j kind j unwiiliog to pu- 
tt ifh j willing to pity and fparc. Deut, 

ME'RCiFL^LLV^. ad. [from mtrcfuL] 
Tenderly i mJdlyj wi;h p:ty. Atterbury, 

ME'RCIFULNESS.;} [from mirciful.^ Ten- 
dernefs j wiihngnefs lo fpare. Hammond, 

ME'RCILES^S. a, [from w.-rry. j Void of 
mercy ; pitilefs 3 hard hearted. 

Sbikcip- are, Denbam, 

MERCILESSLY, ad. lUommcrcHefs,] In a 

manner void of pity. 
ME'^CILESSNESS. /. [from m^rcileful 

Want L'i pity. 
ME'RCURIAU a. [tMercurlalis, Latin.] 

1. Formed under the inlluence of Mercu- 
ry j aaive J fpnghtiy. Bacon, 

2. Confiftmg of qnickfilver. 
MERCURIFICATION. a [from mercury. 1 

The aft of mixing any thing with quick- 
filver. Boyle, 

ME'RCURY. /. [mercuriusy Latin.] 

I. The chemift's name for quickfilver is 
mncury. Hill, 

a. Sprightly qualiticF, Pope, 

3. A 

M E R 

3. A news paper. 

4. It is now applied to the carriers of news. 
ME'RCURY./. fmercuria/is, L^t.] A plant. 

^E'RCY. /. [merci, French,] 

1. Tendernefs ; goodnefs j pity; willing- 
y nefs to fave j clemency j mildnefs ; un- 

willingnefs to punifh. Pfalms. 

2. Pardon. _ Dryden. 

3. Difcretion j power of afling at pleafuj^e. 


ME'RCY-SEAT. /. [mercy and feaf,] The 
covering of the ark of the covenant, in 
which the tables of the law were depofited : 
it was of gold, and at its two ends were 
fixed the two cherubims, of the fame me- 
tal, which with their wings extended for- 
wardSj feemed to form a throne. Exod. 

MERE. a. [mrus, Latin.] That or this on- 
ly j fuch and nothing elle j this only. 


MERE or mer. [mepe, Saxon.] A pool or 
Jake. Gi^fon. 

MERE. /. [mejae, Saxon.] 

1, A pool J commonly a large pool or lake. 


1. A boundary: Bacon. 

ME RELY, ad, [from mere.l Simply ; only ; 


MERETRI'CIOUS. a. [meretncius, Latin.] 
Whonih ; fuch as is prattifed by profti- 
tutes ; alluring by falfe fhow. 

MERETRI CIOUSLY. ad. [from meretrici- 
ous.^ Whorifhiy j after tke manner of 

iHERETRI'CIOUSNESS. / [from meretri. 
(ious. ] Falle allurements like thofe of 

MERVDIAN. /. [meridien, French.] 

1. Noon i mid-day. Dryden. 

2. The line drawn from north to fouth, 
which the fun croffes at noon. Watts, 

3. The particular place or ftate of any 
thing. iiale. 

4. The higheft point of glory or power. 


1. At the pcintof noon. Milton. 

2. Extended from north to fouth. Boyle. 

3. Raifed to the higheft point, 
MERI'DIONAL. a, [meridional y French.] 

I. Southern. B^oiun. 

%, Southerly j having a foothern afpecl. 

MERIDIONA'LITY. /. [from meridional.] 

Pofjtion in the fouth j afped towards the 

MER I'l^ION ALLY. ad. [{lovn meridional.] 

With a fouthern afpeft. Brown. 

.ME'RIT. /. [meritum, Latin.] 

I. Defertj excellence deferying honour or 

reward. Dryden. 

%. Reward defcrvcd, I'ricr, 

M E S 

3. Claim; right, r Dryden. 

To ME'RIT. V. a. [msriter, French. J 

1. To defervej to have aright to claim 
any thing as deferved. South. 

2. To deferve ; to earn. Sb^kefpeare. 
MERITO'RIOUS. a. [meritoire, Fr. from 

merit.'] Deferring of reward ; high in de- 
fer t. Bijhop Sander/on. 

MERITO'RIOUSLY. ad. [from meritori- 
ous.] In fuch a manner as to deferve re- 
ward, Wotton, 

MERITO'RIOUSNESS. /. [from meritori^ 
ous.] The adt or flate of dcfcrving well. 


ME'RITOT. /. [ojcillt^m, Latin.] A kind of 

ME'RLIN. /. A kind of hawk. Sidney, 

MERMAID. /. [mer, the fea, and maid.] 
A fea woman. Davies. 

MERMAID'S TRUMPET. /. A kind of 

ME'RRILY. ad. [Uom merry.] Gaily 5 
merrily j theerfuliy j with mirth. 


ME'RRIMAKE. /. [ merry and make. ] A 
feftival ; a meeting f^^r mirth. Spenfer, 

To ME'RRIMAKE. -v. n. To feaft 3 to be 
jovial. G<iy. 

ME'RRIMENT. /. [from wtfrrj.] Mirth j 
gaiety j cheerfulnefs j laughter. Hooker, 

ME'RRINESS. /. [ from merry. ] Mirth ; 
merry difpofition. Sbukejfeare. 

ME'RRY. a. 

1. Laughing j loudly cheerful j gay of heart. 


2. Caufing laughter. Shakefpeare^ 

3. Profperous. Drydes. 

4. To make Mi:rry. To junket; to be 
jovial. L^Eftrarge, 

MERRY- A'NDREW. /. A buffoon; a 

zany; a jack- pudding, L'Ejlrange. 

ME/RRYTHOUGHT. /. [merry and 

thought,] A forked bone on the body of 

fowls. Eachard. 

MESERA'ICK. /. [iMicrdfw.] Belonging to 

the myfentery. Broivn. 

ME'RSION. /. [merfioy Latin.] The ad of 

MESE'EMS, imperfonal verb. I think ; it 

appears tome. Sidney. 

ME'SENTERY. /. [^srEvltpiov.] That round 

which the guts are convolved. Arbuth. 
MESENTE'RICK. a. [mefenterique, Fr.] 

Relating to the mefentery. Cheyne. 

MESH. /. [maefche, Dutch.] The interllice 

of a net ; the fpace between the threads of 

a net. Blackmore. 

To MESH. -v. a. [from the noun.] To 

catch in a net ; to enfnare. Drayton, 

ME'SHY. a. [from iTJ^y^.] Reticulated} 

of net-work, Car.civ. 

ME'SLIN. /. [for mifcii^ane.] Mixed corn : 

as^ A heat and rie. Hoker, 



MESOLEU'CYS. /. [fxtcr^MvA^.] A pre- 
cious ftone, black, With a ftreak of white 
in the middle. 

MESO'LOGARITHMS./. [fAr'^', xiy<^, 
and api^fx'^.] The logarithms of the 
cofines and tangents, (o denominated by 
KefiUr, Harris. 

MESO'MELAS. /. [/xsa^^iXa?.] A preci- 
ous ftone. 

ME SPJSE. /. [probably mifprinted for rmf-r 
f>rije j mej'pr ity Fr.] Contempt j fcorn. 


MESS./, [ma, old French] A difh 3 a 
quaatity of food fent to table together. 

D<:cay of Piety, 

To MESS. -v. ft. To eat ; lo feed. 

ML'SSAGE. /. [mejfage, Fr.] An errand ; 
any thing committed to another to be told 
to a third. South. Dryden. 

ME'SSENGER. /. [mf^^^fr, French.] One 
who carries an errand j one who brings an 
account or foretoken of any thing. 


MESSI'AH. /. [from the Hebrew.] The 
Anointed j the Chrift. • JVatti, 

MESSIEURS, f. [Fr. plural of morfieur.] 
Sirs; gentlemen. 

ME'.^SMATE. /. [mifs and mate.'] One 
who eats at the fame table. 

MESSUAGE. /. [mejfuagium, law Latin ] 
The houfe and ground fet apart for houf- 
hold ufes, 

MET, the preterite and part. o\ meet. 


METAGRA'MMATISM. /. [ /x=7a and 
yiilMfxa.] Anagrammatifm, or nietagrarr.. 
niatifm^ is a diifolution of a nanie truly 
•written into its letter?, as its elements, 
and a new connexion of it by artificial 
tranfpofition, making fome perfect fenfe 
applicable to the pejfon named. Camden. 

ME7^BASn. f. [Greek.] In rhctorick, 
a figure by which the orator paflcs from 
one thing to another. DiB. 

META'BOLA. /. [^■laCiX;;\] In medi- 
cine, a chance cf time, air, cr difeafe. 

METACARPUS. /. [/.*?/«>'«> Tn.v.] In ana- 
tomy, a bone of the arrn made up of four 
bones, which are joined lo the finfrerj. 


METACA'RPAL. a. [from metacarpus.] 
Belonging to the metacarpus. Di^. 

METAL. /. [ mera!, French. ] 

1. Metaiis a firm, heavy, and hard fub- 
ftance, opaks, fufible by fire, and concret- 
ing agjin \vhr;n cold into a folid body fuch 
as It was before, which is mi^leable un- 
der the hammer. The meta.'s are fix in 
number: i.goldj 2. fiiver ; 3- copper j 
4. tin; 5. iron j and, 6. lead. 

2. Courage ; fpirit. Chrendon. 
METALE'PSIS. /. {f^Cixn^.i.] A cor.ti- 

M E T 

nuation of a trope in one word through a 

fucceflion of /igo.fications, 
META'LLICAL 7 a. [ from metallum, 
META'LLICK. J Lat.] Partaking of me^ 

tal J containing metal j confifting of me- 

**^- fFotton, 

METALLIFEROUS, a. [metallumzu^ fc. 

ro, Latin.] Producing metals. 
MEfA'LLINE. a. [ixom metal.] 

1. Impregnated with metal. Bacons 

2. Confiliing of metaJ. Boyk, 
ME'TALIST. /. lm.-tal.i;le, Fr.] A worker 

m metals j one /killed in metalj. Mcxon, 
ME'TALLOGRAPHV. /. [metallum and 
and ypat««J A.r\ account or dcfcrjption of 

META'LLURGIST./. [metallum and =.vov.l 

A worker in metals. 
METALLURGY. /. [metallum and Ipj^ov.] 

The art of working metals, or feparating 

them from their ore. 
To METAMO'RPHOSE. t,. a. [fx^lafxcp^ 

<f>^a;.] To change the form or fliape of 

anything. fFotton, 

METAMO'RPHOSIS. /. [ f..{l.,uo',<f^^,;.l^ 

Transformation 3 change of fhape. 

ME'TAPHOR. /. [;u=7a>o;«.] The ?pp'lll 
ration of a word to an ufe to which, in 
its original import, it cannot be put: as, 
he iridUs his anger ; he deadens the fou.nd ; 
the fpring aiuake: the flowers. A meta- 
phor is a fimjlc comprised in a word. 

METAPHO'RICAL.? a. [ metapho?,qZ\ 

METAPHO'RICK. 5 Fr. ] Not literal; 
not according to the primitive meaning of 
the word ; figurative. Hooker, 

METAPHRA'SE. /. [^{i^^.zcrr,.] A mere 
verbal tranflation from one language into 
another. Dryder, 

METAPHRA'ST. /. [//.B^a^pa ,-'.;.] A li- 
teral tranllator j one who tranfijtes word 
for word from one language into another. 



I. Verfed in mctaphyficks ; relating to 


%. In Sbakefpeare it means fupernatural or 


METAPHY'SICK. 7 /. [ metapbyfiqut, 

METAPHYSJCKS. \ Fr. i^dx^^vj^Ar.. ] 
Ontology; the doflrine of the fteneral af- 
fe<f^ion5 <if fubftances exiOine. CleavelanS^ 

METATHYSIS. /. [.ua'a^yV.;. j Tranf- 
tormation ; rnetamorphi fis. 

METAPLASM. /. [.u^^ay-Atcr-^.;.] A fi- 
gure in rhrtorick, wherein words or let- 
ters are tranfpofed contrary to their narurril 
order. D J7, 

METASTASIS. /. [ixClxrific] TranQa- 

tiun Of removal. Hirvey, 



METATA'RSAL. a, [ from metatarfus. ] 
Belonging tn the metat^fus. Sha<p. 

MKTATA'RSUS. /. UfxiroL and ra^c-k. ] 
The middle of the io/^ ^ which is compof- 
ed of five fmall bon-s conneded to thofe 
of the firO pa't of the foot. JVijcmav. 

METATHESIS. /. [.aslri&c^ij.] A tranf- 

To METE. T/. a. [metior^ Lat.] To mca- 
fure i to reduce to meafure. 

Holder, Creech. 
ME'TEWAND. 7 f. [mete and yard, or 
ME'TEYARU. 5 ivjnd ] A flaffof a cer- 
tain length wherewith meafures are taken. 
To METEMPSYCHO'oE. nj. a. [from me. 
ttmpjychojh.] To tranflate from body to 
body. Peacham, 

METEMPSYCHO'SIS. /. [f^(\-f^\'^'X'"'i'-'\ 
The tranfmigration of fouls from body to 
bodv. Broivn. 

ME'TEOR. / [{x{lki^^a.'] Any bodies in 
the air or fky that are of a fiux and tran- 
fitorv nature. Donne. 

METEOROLO'GICAL. a. [ fif>m we- 
teorclogy.] Relating to the ooclnne of 
ir,eteors. Ilo^wel. 

MET EORO'LO GIST. /. [from meteoroh- 
ffv,] A man fkilled in meteors, or ftudi- 
ousoftherr. ^'''«'^{- 

METEORO'LOGY. /. [/u£lcj;f« and xky:,;.\ 
The do^'hine of meteors. Broivn. 

METE'OROUS. a. [from meteor.'] Having 
the nature of a meteor. Miliar, 

J/IE'TER. [' [from mtte.'] A meafurer. 
METHEGLIN. /. [ meddyglyn, Wt](h. ] 
Di-ink of honey boiled with water 
and fermented. Dryden. 

ME'THINKS, verb imperfonal. I thmlc ; 
it feems to me. St^evjer, 

ME THOD. /. [ methode, Fr. fxtio'^'^. J 
The placing of feveral things^ or perform- 
ing feveral operations in the moft conveni- 
ent order. ^^«"^- 
METHO'DICAL. a. [methodijue, Fr. from 
method.] Ranged or proceeding in due or 
• .;uft order. Jddtjon, 
tvIETHO'DlCALLY. ad. [from metkodt- 
^aL] According to method and order, 

To ME'THODISE. v. a. [from tnethod.] 
Torepubte; to difpofe in order. Addijon. 
METHODIST. /. L*"""""^ nuthJ.] 

1. A phyfician who prafliles by theory. 


2. One of a new kind of puritans lately 
arifen, fo called from their profefTion to 
live by rules and in conftdnt method. 

METHO'UHT. The ^xct. oi methinhs. 
METONY'MICAL. a. [from metcriymy.'] 

Put by metonymy for fomething el(e. 
J\,tETONY'MICALLY. ad. [from wetony. 

meal 1 Bv metonymy 5 not literally. Boyle, 
METO'NYMY. /". \metonymie^ Fr. iM^rtvj- 

M I C 

fxin,] A rhetorical figure, by which one 
word is put for another, as the matter for 
for the materiate i be diedbyjieel, that is, 
by a fvvord. TtUotjor. 

METOPO'SCOPY. /. [^It^ttov and a^i. 

ttIx.] The ftu^y of phyfiognomy. 
METRE. /. [^srpov.] Speech confined to 
a certain number and harmonick difpofi- 
tion of fyllables Afcham^ 

ME'TRICAL. J. Imetricui, Latin.] Per- 
taining to metre or numbers. 
METRO'POLiS./. [fA,^Tno and^o'x,-.] The 
mother city j the chief city of any coun- 
try or diftria. - Addijon. 
METROPOLITAN'. /. [ m^tropolttanu^j 
Lit.] A biiiiop of the mother church ; 
an archbi/hop. Clarend&tik 
METROPO'LITAN. a. Belonging to a 
metropolis. Raleigh. 
MErROPOLI'TICAL. a. [from metropolu,^ 
Chief or principal of cities. Knolles, 
METTLE. /. Spirit ; fpritelinefs ; cou- ' 

r^^^- Clarendon^ 

METTLED, a. Spritcly j courageous. 

Ben. jfohnfotr, 
ME TTLESOME. a. [from tnett'e.] Spritc- 
ly ; lively ; gay ; briik ; airy, Tatler„ 
METTLESOMELY. ad. [from mtttleJome,\ 

MEW. f,_ [mue, Fr.] 

I. A cage j an inclofure ; a place where 
any thing is confined. Fairfax,. 

z. [Ma?p, Saxon.] A fea-fowl. Carenv. 
To MEW. ny. a. [from the noun.] 

J. To ihut up J to confine j to imprifon j 
to inclofe. Spenfer. 

%. To fhed the feathers. Walton, 

3. To cry as a cat* GreiVi 

To MEWL. 1-'. M. [w/fla/fr, French.] To 
fquali as a chid. Shakefpeare, 

MEZE'REON. /. A fpecies of fpurge law- 
rel. /////. 

MEZZ0TIN70. /. [Italian.] A kind of 
graving, fo named as nearly refcmbling 
paint, the word importing half-painted ; 
it is dtne by beating the whole into af- 
perity with a hammer, and then rubbing 
it down with a ftone. 
MEYNT. adi Mingled. Ohfolete. Spenfer, 
Mi'ASM. /. [from [/.lalw-, ir,,^uin9^ ro in- 
fett. j Such particles or atoms as are fup- 
pofcd to arife from difiempered, putrefy- 
ing, or poifonous bodies. Kat-vey, 
MICE, the plural of m:yufe. i Sam. 
MICHAELMAS. /. \'M,chae!_zni^ majs^] 
The fcaft of the archangel Michael^ ce- 
lebrated on the twenty-ninih of Septem- 
ber, Ca'-ew, 
To MICHE. v. n. To be fecret or cover- 
ed. Eanmer, 
Mi'CHER. /. [from m'che.] A lazy loi- 
terer, who fKulks about in corners and by- 
places ; hedge-creeper. Sidney, 

M I D 

MI'CKLE. a. [miccl, Sixon.j Much j 
great. Ccmdcn. 

MICROCOSM. /. f,u:xp(^ and xi^/x®-.] 
The little world. Man is lo called. 


MICROGRAPHY. /. [(Uixp3c and ;^pa>a;.j 
The delcription of the parts of fuch very 
frnall objects as arc difcernablc only with 
a microjcope. Grtzv. 

MICROSCOPE. /. [/x.'xp©- and j-xoTTEa;.] 
An optick inftrument, contrived various 
ways to give to the eye a large appearance 
of many objects which could not otherwife 
be leen. Bcntley. 

MICRO'METER. /. [(aU^^ and ^E-rpov.] 
An inltrument contrived to mcaiure fmail 

MICROSCO'PICAL. 7 a. [ from microf- 

MICROSCO FlCr-C. I cope.} 

1. Made by a onicrofcope. Arbutbnct. 

1. Ailifled by a microfcope. I'homfon. 

3. Refembhng a mifcrofcope, Pape. 

MID. a. 

I. Middle } equally between two extren^es. 

1. It is much ufed in rompofition, 
MID-COURSE. /, [mid zrni courje.] Mid- 
dle of the way. Mi icon, 

MID- DAY. /. [w/iand day.] Noon j me- Donne. 

MI'DDEST. fuperl, of mid, Spcnfcr, 

MI'DDLE. a, [ir.jbble, Saxon.] 

J. Equally dUtant from the two extreme?. 
Bacon, Rogers, 

2. Intermediate ; intervening. Da-vies, 

3. Micdle finger j the long finger, 

MI'DDLE. /. 

1. Part equally diftant from two extremi- 
ties. Judges, 

2. The time that pafles, or events that 
happen between the begmning and end. 

MIDDLE-AGED. a. [ middle and age. ] 

Placed about the middle of life. iiiv:ft, 
MI'DDLEMOST. a. [from middle.'] B-ing 

in the middle. Ncivton. 

MIDDLING, a. [from middle.'] 

1. Of middle rank. UEfirange. 

2. Of moderate fizc j having n»<>derate 
qualities of any kind. daunt. 

Mia:)LANa a. [w/^and land."] 

1, That which is remote from the coaft, 


2. In the midft of the land j mediterra- 
nean. D''yden. 

MIDGE. /. [mjj', Saxon.] A gnar. 
MID-HEAVEN. /. [w/^and beavtn.] The 

middle of the Iky. Mtlton. 

MiDLEG. /. {mid Ai^ Ug.] Middle of 

the leg. Biicbn, 

Ml'DMOST. <7. [/romwj/W.] The D-.iddlc, 


M I L 

MI'DNIGHT. /. The depth of night j 
tv^'clve at night. Attir^ury, 

MIDRIFF. /. [mi'ohp p;, Saxon.] The 
diaphragm. MiUon, 

MID-SEA. /. [mid and fea.] The Medi- 
terranean fea. DrydiTt, 

Mi'DSHIPMAN. /. Midjhipmen are offi- 
cers aboard a fliip, wh»..le Itation, when 
they are on duty, is fome on the quarter- 
deck, others on the poop, &c. They 
are uluaily young gentlemen, who having 
ferved their time as volunteers, are now 
upon their preferment. 

MiDiT. /. Middle. raylor. 

MIDST, a. [from middejl,-] Midmoft ; 
being in the middle, Dr\der, 

MIDSTRE'AM. /. [mid and T^r^^w.] Mid- 
dle of the ftream. Dryden. 

Ml'DSUMMER. /. [mid 2^ai fur:mer.] The 
I'immcr folftice. Sivifu 

MI'DWAY. /. [mid and loay.] The part 
of the way equally diftant from the begin- 
ning and end. Sbakefp:are» 

MI'DWAY. a. Middle between two places, 

MI'DWAY. ad, la the middle of the paf- 
fjge. Dryden, 

MI'DWIFE. /. A woman who affifts wo- 
men in ch Idbjrth. Donne, 

Ml'DWIFERY. /. [from midivife.-\ 

1. Afiiftance given at childbirth. 

2. Aft of produdion j help to produ<5ti- 
on- Cbild, 

3. Trade of a midwife. 
MI'DWINTER. /. [mid and ivintsr.-] The 

winter folftice. Drydcn, 

MIEN. /. [mine, Fr.] Air ; Icok ; man- 
ner, l^^aller, 

MIGHT, the preterite of w^^'. Locke. 

MIGHT. /. [ mijhr, Sdxon. ] Power ; 
iirength j force. Ayliffe. 

MI'GHTILY. ad. [from mighty.-] 

1. With great power j powerfully; efH- 
csci-uHy ; forcibly. Hooker, 

2. Vehemently j vigoroufly ; violently. 


3. In a great degree; very mMch.Sp'iiator. 
MrGHTir;ESS. /. [from »7/^^ry. ] Power; 

preatncfs; height of dignity. Sbakefpeare, 
MIGHTY, a. [from m.gbt.'^ 

1. Powerful; ftrong. Genefit. 

2. Excellent, or powerful in any a6V. D^y. 
MIGHTY ad, Ifi a great degree. Fnor. 
MIGRATION. /. [migratio, Latin.] Aft of 

changing place. M'oodivard. 

MILCH, a. [from mi^k.] Giving milk. 


MILD. c. [n-i'b, Saxon.] 

1. Kind 5 tender ; good ; indulgent ; mer- 
ciful ; compaflionace ; not cruel. Rogers, 
1. Soft 5 gentle j not violent. Fope. 

3. Not acrid ; not cJrrofive j not jcrimo- 
niouj. Arbutkmt 

4 X 4' No 

M I L 

4.. Hot fliarp 5 mellow j fwest | haviag na 
mixuire of acidity. Dat'tes. 

^1|LDEW. /. [nvJbeape, Saxon.] M/WfW 
)s a difeafc" that happens in plants, by a 
dewy moifture which tails, and by its acri- 
fnony corrodes, gnaws, f.nd fpoils, the in- 
jnoit f'lbrtance of the plant : or, rmld&no is 
rather a cunnete fubitance, which exfiides 
through the pores of the leave?. What 
the gaideners commonly call vuldeiv is aft 
5nfe£i, whii-h is frequently found in great 
plenty, preying upon this exfudation. 
Whenever a tree has been greatly afl-c<£led 
by this inildey^t:^ it feldom recovers it in 
two or three years. HiU. 

T<> MI'LDEW. T, a. To taint with mii- 
' dew. Gay. 

MI'LDLY. ad. [from m<d.'\ 

1. Tenderly ; not fevevely, Vrydev. 

•z. Gt-n Jy J not violently. Bacon, 

MIXDNEaS. /. [from mild.'^ 

1. Gcntienefs j tendernefs 5 mercy ; cle- 
mency. Addijon, 

2. Contrariety to acrim- ny. 

M 1 LE . /. [ nnlU pajfus, L ^ t i n . ] The u fu al 
meaiuie of roads in En^la.-jd, one thou- 
fand fevtn hundred and fixty yards, 


IVn'LESTONE. /, [mile and fione.'\ Stone 
fet to ma.k the miles. 

MI'LFOIL. /. [miilefolium, Lat.] A plant, 
the fame with yarrow. D'ydev. 

lyli'UARy. a. [milium, millet.] Small j 
refembiing a millet feed. Cl'(yf:e. 

MI'LIARY fi'ver, A fever that produces 
fmall eruptions. 

Ml' LICE, f, [French.] Standing force, 

' ' ' . Temple, 

MIXITANT. a. [militam, Lat.] 

-3. righting } profecutiijg the bufinefs of a 
fol flier, Spenfcr, 

^. Engaged in warfare with hell and the 
Tyotld. A term applied to the church of 
Chrifl: on earth, as oppofed to the church 
triumphant. p.ogcrs. 

1. Engaged in the life of a foldier j foldi» 
•erly. tlooke'-, 
'z. Suiting a foldier ; pe.uinJng to a fol- 
djer ; warlike. Prio*-, 
•3, Efi"e£led by foldicrs. Bjcon. 

MiLl'TU. f. [Latin.] The trainbands 5 
the ftanding force of a natioq. Clarendon, 

imJK. /. [m.eelc, Sax.] 

J, The liquor with which animals feed 
their young from th? breaff, 

IVi^ewan, Floyer„ 

2, Em>;irioji made by contufion of feeds. 

To l^ILIC. V. a. [from the noun,] 
' J. To draw.rrjik from the breaft by the 

M I L 

?, To fuck. Sbakefpears. 

MI'LKEN. a. [from mlk.'\ Confiltmg of 
milk. Ttmplr, 

MI'LKER. /. [from »r//^.] One that milks 
animals. Dryden, 

MI'LKINESS, /. [from fr%.] S.ftncfs 
Jike that of milk j approach to the na- 
ture of milk. Flayer. 

MI'LKLl\rERED. a. [ milk and U-vcr. ] 
Cowardly j timorous j faint-hearted. 

■ Shak-fpearCt 

MI'LKMAID. /. [m//.^and maid.'] Wo- 
man employed in the dairy. Addifon^ 

Mi'LKMAN. /. [milk and man,'] A man 
who iells tniik. 

MI'LKPAIL. /. [milk and pail] VefTel 
into which cows are milked. Watts. 

MTLKPAN. /. [milk and pan,] Vcflel in 
which milk is keot ia the dairy. Bacon. 

MILKPO'TTAGe' /. [milk and fottage.] 
Food made by boiling milK with water ana 
oatmeal. Lacke, 

MFLKSCORE. /. [milk and yi^or^-.] Ac- 
count of milk owed for, fcoied on a board. 

MI'LKSOP. /. [ milk and jop. ] A foft, 
mild, effeminate, feeble-minded ma:). 


MI'LKTOOTH. /. Imilkzn^ tooth.] Milk- 
teeth are thofe fmall teeth which come 
fortli before when a foal is about three 
monthr. old. Farrier^ DiB, 

MI'I-KTHISTLE. /. [ milk and th.file : 
plants that have a v.'hite juice. are named 
milky.] An herb, 

MI'LKTREFOIL. /. An herb. 

MIXK VETCH. /. A plant. 

Ml'LKWEED. /. [fK/VAand tveed,] A plant. 

Mi'LKV/HITE. a, [milkznAivhnc,] White 
as milk, Dr)den, 

MI'XKWORT. /. [milkinitvort.] 

Milkrvort is a bell-fhapcd fljwer. Miller. 

MrLKV/OMAN. /. [milk and tvoman.] A, 
woman whofe bufinefs is to fcrve families 
with milk, Arbutknot^ 

MI'LKY. a, [from »;/«„] 
I. Made ofm^iik. 
a. Refembiing m.ilk, Arbuthnot* 

3. Yielding milk, Rofccmmon, 

4. Soft j gentle 5 tender j timorous. 

MILKY- WAY. /. [milky znA -way.] The 
galaxy. Tht miUy'iuay is a broad white 
path or track, encoropafTmg the whole 
heavens, I and extending i>feif in fome 
places with a double path, but for the 
mofi: part with a fingle one. It hath been 
difcovered to corfiil of an innumerable 
quantij^y cf fixed flars, different in Situa- 
tion and magnitude, from the confufed 
mixture of whofe light its whole colour is 
.fuppofe.l to be occaHoned. The galaxy 
hath ufually been the reycn in which nevy 
' ' ' ilar? 


flars have appeared j which have then be- 
come iovifible apain Cfetch. 

Mill. /. [fACXn.^ An engine or fabrick in 
which corn is ground to meal, or any 
other body is coniminuled. Hharp^ 

To MILL. 1/. a. [fio:n the noun } jx-jXi.:.] 

1. To grind ; to comminute. 

2. To oeat up chocolate. 

3. To ftamp coin in the mints, AJdlJor, 
Ml'LL COG. J. The denticubtions on the 

circumference of wheels, by which they 
lock into other wheel;. Morthner, 

MILL- DAM. /. {mil and dam.^ The 
mound, by which the water is kept up to 
rail'e it for the mill. ., 

MI'LL- HORSE. /. Hoi'fc that turns a 
mill. Sidney, 

MILLMO'UNTAINS. /. An herb. 

MI'LL-TEETH. /. [«/"// and r«ri>.] The 
grinders. Arbutbnot, 

MILLENA'RIAN. /. [ from miiknatiuiy 
Lat.l One who expc(fls the millennium. 

Ml'LLENARY. a. [miLenalre, Fr.] Con- 
fjftingof a thoufand. " Arbutbnot, 

MI'LLENIST. /. One that holds Lhe mil- 

MlLLEiNNlUM. f, [Latin.] A thoufand 
years j generally taken for the thoufand 
years, during which, according to an an- 
cient tradition in the church, grounded on 
a doubtful text in the Apocalyple, ourblef- 
fed Saviour /hall reign with the fuithful 
upon earth after the reiurredlion. 


MILLENNIAL, a. [itommil!ermum,L^^'\ 
Pertaining to the millennium. 

MILLEPEDES. /. [mile and pa, Latin.] 
W(Jod-lice, fo called from their numerous 
feet. Mortimer. 

Ml'LLER. /. [from m/'//.] One who at- 
tends a miil. Broiva, 

Ml'LLER. /. A fly. 

MILLER'S-THUMB. /. A fmall fiih 
found in brooks, called likewife a bulhead. 

MILLE'SIMAL, a. [ millejimui, Latin. ] 
Thoufandth. fFattf. 

Ml'LLET. /. Imilium, Lat] 

1, A plant. Arbuthr.ot, 

2. A kind of fifli. Careiu. 
MILLINER. /. One who fells ribands and 

drefles i-ir women. Tati'er, 

MI'LLION. /. [milllcgne, Italian.] 

1, The number of a hundred myriads, or 
i ten hundred thoufand. Shakefpeare. 

2. A proverbial name fox any very great 
number. Locke, 

MI'LLIONTH. a. \Jrom million.'] The ten 
hundred thoufandth. Bentley. 

MI'LLSTONE. /. [mill and fiove.^ The 
flone by which corn is comminuted. 


MILT./. [«.'7if, Dutch.] 

It The fperm of the male fifb* Walton^ 

M I N 

2. fMiIr, Saxon.] The fpUcn. 

To MILT. v. a, [from the nuun,] To im- 
pregnate the roe or fpawn of the female 

MI'LTFR. /: [from r/2//V.] The he of any 
filh, riie Hie being called fpawner. Wjhtcjn, 

MILTWOXT. /. An herb. 

MIME. /. [/^^-(^.J A buft">on who prac- 
tiiVs gerticulaiions, either reprefentatve of 
fome d£lion, or merely contiived to raifc 
mirth. Ben. Juhr.jon., 

To MIME, v. n. To play the mime. 

Ben. yohfifon. 

MI'MER. /. [from mime.] A mimick ; a 
buffoon. Miltcn, 

MI'MICAL. a. [mimicus, Latin.] Imita- 
tive } befitting a mimick j a£Jing the mi- 
mick. Dry den i 

MIMICALLY. ad. [(romwimical.] la 
imitation ; in a mimical manner. 

MI'MICfC. f, [mimicus^Ut.] 

1. A ludicrous imitator j a buffoon who 
copies another's adt or manner. Prior, 

2. A mean or fervile imitator. 
MIMICK. a. [n:i)}iicui, Latin.] Imitative, 


To MI'MICK. V. a. [from the noun.] To 
imitate as a buffoon j to ridicule by a bur^ 
lefque imitation." Grar-viHe. 

MIMICKRY. /. [irom mimick.] Burlefque 
imitation. SpeBater^ 

MIMO'GRAPHER./. Imimin and y^l<^.^ 
A writer of farces. 

MINA'CIOUS. a, Irr.inax, Lat.] Full of 

MINA'CITV. /. [from minax, Lat.] Difpo- 
fition to ufe threats. 

MINATORY, a. [j;;/n5r, Latin.] Threat- 
ening* Bac:n, 

To IvIlNCE. V. a. [from mirijh.] 

1. To cut into very fmall parts. South. 

2. To mention any thing fcrupuloufly, by 
a little at a time j to palliate. 

To MINCE, -v. n. 

1. To walk nicely by fhort fleps. Pope, 

2. To fpeak fmall and impcrfedly. 

MrNCINGLY..^i. [from mnce ] In fmall 

parts ; not fully. Hooker, 

MIND. /. [semin'D. Sax.] 

i. Intelligent power. Shakejpeare. 

2. Liking ; choice 5 inclination j propcn- 
liun ; efieftion. Ho^hr. 

3. Thoughts J fentiments. Vrydev, 

4. Opinion. GrjnuiHe, 

5. Memory J remembrancy. Atterbury. 
To MIND. 'V. a. [from the nuun.] 

1. To mark 5 to attend. Rojccmmor, 

2. To put in mind ; to renriind. Burnet. 
To MIND. -y. r. To incline 3 to be difpof- 

Cd. Sffrfir. 

4 I % MI'NDitJi 

M I N 

•Ml'NPED. a, [from mind.} Difpofea ; In- 
clined} afFeaed. rUlotjon. 

MINDFUL, a. [mind d^ndfuU] Atten- 
tive; having memory. Ham*iord. 

MI'ND FULLY, ad. [from mindful.] At- 

MI'NDFULNESS. /. [from mindful.'] At- 
tention j regard. 

MI'NDLESS. a, [from wind.] 

1. Inattentive j regardlefs. Prior, 

2. Not endued with a mind} having no 
intelle<aual powers, Da-vies. 

MIND-STRICKEN, a. \mindzndi Jiricken.] 
Moved} afFedVed in his mind. Sidney, 

MINE, pronoun pofTeffive. [myn, Sax.] Be- 
longing to me. Dryden. 

MINE. /. [wwyBorwiynjWelfli.] 

I. A place or cavern in the earth which 
contains metals or minerals. Boyle. 

- 2. A cavern dug under any fortification 
that it may fink for want of fupport, or, 
in modern war, that powder may be lodg- 
ed in it, which being fired, whatever is 
over it mav be blown up, Milton. 

'To MINE. v.n. [from the noun.] To dig 
mines or burrows. Woodiuard, 

To MINE. v. a. To fap } to ruin by mines ; 
to deftroy by flow degrees. Shakefpeare. 

MI'NER. /. [mineur, Fr.] 

I. One that digs for metals. Dryden. 

a. One who makes military mines. 


MI'NERAL. /. [minerale, Lat.] Fofiile bo- 
dy : matter dug out of mines. f-Foodiaard. 

MI'NERAL. a. Confifting of fofllle bodies. 

MI'NER ALIST. /. [from mineral.] One 
/killed or employed in minerals. Boyle. 

MINERA'LOGIST. /. [from w/Hfr^/ and 

h6-y(^.] One who difcourfes on minerals. 


MINERA'LOGY. /. [ixom miner a i znA 
Xoy<^.] The d'i<ftrine of minerals. 

MINEVER. /. A/kin with fpecksofwhite. 

ToMI'NGLE. v.a. To mix} to join } to 
compound } to unite with fomething lo as 
to make one mafs. Rogers. Tbomfon. 

To MI'NGLE. "v. n. To be mixed } to be 
united with. Kozve. 

MI'NGLE. /. [from the verb.] Mixture } 
medley j confufed mafs. Dryden. 

Ml'NGLER. f [from the verb.] He who 

MIT.^IATURE. /. [miniature., Fr.] Repre- 
fentation in a fmall compafs } rcprefenta- 
tion lefs than the reality. Philips. 

MINIKIN, a. Small} diminutive. 


MI'NIKIN. /. A fmall fort of pins. 

MI'NIM. /. [iiomnanimusy Lat.] A fmall 
being } a dwarf. MUton. 

HU'NmUS. /. [Latin.] A being of the 
leaft fize, Shakespeare, 

M I N 

MI'NION, /. [mignon, French.] A favour- 
ite } a darling} a low dependant. Sivtft, 

MI'NIOUS. a. [from minimn, Latin.] Of 
the colour of red lead or vermilion. 


To MI'NISH. V. a. [from diminijb.] To 
leflen J to lop } to impair. Pfalms. 

MI'NISTER. /. [minifer, Lat.] 

1. An agent} one who is employed to 
any end } one who ads under another. 


2. One who is employed in the admini- 
ftration of government. Bacon, 

3. One who ferves at the altar} one who 
performs facerdotal fundlions. Addifon, 

4. A delegate } an official. Shakefpeare, 

5. An agent from a fureign power. 

To MI'NISTER. 1/. a. [miniftro, Latin.]* 
To give} to fupply } to afford. Otivay, 
To MI'NISTER. -v. n. 

1. To attend } to ferve in any office, 

X Cor, 

2. To give medicines. Shakefpeare, 

3. To give fupplies of things needful } t9 
give affiftance. South, Smalridge, 

4. To attend on the fervice of God. 

MINISTE'RIAL. a. [homminijier.] 
I. Attendant } afting at command. 

a. Acting under fuperior authority. 


3. Sacerdotal} belonging to the ecclefiaf- 
ticks or their office. Hooker, 

4. Pertaining to minifters of ftate. 
MI'NISTERY. /. [minifierium, Lat.] Office ; 

. fervice. Dighy, 

MINISTRAL. a. [from minifler.] Per- 
taining to a minifter. 
MI'NISTRANT. a. [from mimfier.] At- 
tendant ; afting at command. Pope. 
MINISTRA'TION. /. [ixomtnimftro,Ut.] 

1. Agency} intervention} office of aa 
agent delegated or commifficned. T^aylor, 

2. Service} office} ecclefiaftical funftion, 

MI'NIUM, /. [ Latin. ] Melt lead m a 
broad earthen velFel cnglazed, and flir it 
till it be calcined into a grey powder 5 this 
is called the calx of lead } continue the 
fire, ftirring it in the fame manner, and it 
becomes yellow } in this ftate it is ufed in 
painting } after this put it into a reverbe- 
ratory furnace, and it will calcine further, 
and become of a fine red, which is the 
common minium or red lead. Hill, 

MrNlSTRY. /. [minifitriumy Lat.] 

1. Office } fervice, Spratt. 

2. Office of one fet apart to preach ; cc- 
clefiailical funftion. Locke, 

3. Agency; interpofition, Bentky^ 

4. Eufinef?, Dr-^dp.ny 

M I N 

5. Perfjns employed in the publick affairs 
of a ftate, Siu'ff, 

MINNOW./. A veryfmallfifh; apink: 
The minnozvj when he is in perfed feafon, 
and not fick, is only prefently after 
fpawning, hath a kind of dappled or waved 
colour, like a panther, on his fides, in- 
clining to a greeni/h and fky- colour, his 
belly being milk-white, and his back al- 
mo(t black. Walton, 

MINOR, a. [Latin.] 

1. Petty } inconfidcrdble. Broker. 

1. Lefs J fmaller. Clarendon. 

MI'N'OR. /. 

1. One under age. Davies. 
a- The fccond or particular propclition in 
the fyllogifm. Arhutbnot. 

To MI'NORATE. v. a, [from minor, Lat.] 
To lefTen. Gianinlle. 

MINOR A'TION. /. \ixom minor au.\ The 
zt\ of Icfiening ; diminution. Brown. 

MINO'RITY. /. [from minor, Lat.] 
i. The ftate of being under age. 


2. The flate of being lefs. Broun. 

3. Thf! fmaller number. 
MI'NOTAUR. /. [mlnos and Marai.] A 

monfter invented by the poets, halt man 

and half bu!!. Shakefpeare. 

MI'NSTER. /. [mmptepe, Saxon.] A mo- 

naftery j an ecciefialtical fraternity j a ca- 

thedral church. The word is yet retained 

at York and Lichfield. 
MI NSTREL. /. [mcnejlrll, SpaniHi.] A 

mufician J one who plays uponinftruments. 
MI'NSTRELSEY. /. [from minf.rel] 

I. Mufick J inftrumcntal harmony. 


7,. A number of muficians. Mihon, 

MINT. /, [minre, S?.xon.]A plant. 
MINT. /. [Tr.uKte, Dutch.] 

1. The place where money is coined. 


2. Any place of invention. Shakefpeare, 
To MINT. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To coin J to ftamp money. Bacon. 

2. To invent J to forge. Bacon. 
MI'NTAGE. /. [from mint.] 

J. That which is coined or ftamped. 

2, The duty paid for coining. 

Ml'NTER. /. [from mint.] Coiner. 


MI'NTMAN. /. [mint and man.] One /kill- 
ed in coinage. Bacon, 

Ml'NTMASTER. /. [mint 3ni mafier.] 
I. One who prcfides in coinage. Boyle. 

Z' One who invents. Locke. 

Mi'NUt-T. /. [menuetjFr.] A (lately re- 
gular dance. Stepney, 

MI NUM. /. 


1. [ with printers. ] A fmall fort of 

printing letter. 

2. [With muficians.] A note of flow 
time. Bal/ey. 

MINUTE, a. [ mlnutu!. Lit. ] Sm^ll 5 
little ; flender ; fmall in bulk. South. 

MI'NUTE. /. [mlnuium. Lit.] 

1. The fixtieth part of an hour. 


2. Any fmall fpace of time. Seutb^ 
5. The firft draught of any agreement ia 

To MI'NUTE. T. a. [ minuter, French. J 
To fet down in /hort hints. ^pe&ator. 

MI'NUTE-BOOK. /. [mmute and book.! 
Book of fhort hints. 

MINUTE-GLAS.S. /. [minute and g!afs. J 
Glafs of which the fand meafures a minute 

MINUTELY, ad. [ f;om minu.e. ] To a 
fmall point j exaftly. Locke, 

MI'NUTELY. ad. [from mf^ute, th<: fub- 
ftantive.] Every minute j with very little 
time intervening. Hammond. 

MINUTENESS./, [fromrr.lnute.] Small- 
nefs ; exility j inconfiderablenefs. Bentley, 

MI'NUTE. WATCH. / A watch in wfeich 
minutes are mure diitinctiy marked than 
in common watches which reckon by the 
hour. Bo^ie^ 

MINX. /. A young, pert, wanton girl. 


MI'RACLE. / [mlraculurr, Lar.] 

1. A wonder i fomething above human 
P'3wer. Sbakefptare. 

2. [In theology.] An effecfl above human 
or natural power, performed in atteftation 
of fome truth. Bentlev. 

MIRACULOUS, a. [mlraculeux, Fr. from 
miracle.] Done by miracle j produced by 
miracle j effected by power more than na- 
tural. Herbert, 

MIRA'CULOUSLY. ad. [from r^/V^.z. W.J 
By miracle j by power above that of na- 
ture. Drydtn. 

MIRA'CULOUSNESS. / [from miraculous.^ 
The ftate of being effe£led by miracle j fu- 
periority to natural power. 

MIRAD&R. / [Spanilh, from mlrar, to 
look.] A balcony. Diyden, 

MIRE. / Imocr, Dutch.] Mud ; dirt. 


To MIRE. v. a. [ from the noun. ] To 
wheJm in the mud. Shakefpeare. 

MIRE./. [nr.y[ia. Sax.] An ant j'a pif- 

MI'RINESS. /. [from miry.] Dirtinefs; 
fullnr'fs of mire. 

Ml'RKSOME. /. Dark; obfcure. Spenfer, 

MI'RROR. / [yr.irolr, Fr.] 

1. A looking-gh.fs J aoy th'ng wh'ch ex- 
hibits reprefentations of objt«fti by nflc- 
tJon. Davie f, 

2. It is ufcd for pattern, fkck-r, 



MI'RROR- STONE. /. [felemes, Latin.] 
A kind of tranfparenc ftoae. 

MIRTH./, [myphlj?, Saxon.] Merriment j 
jollity ; gaiety j laughter. Pope. 

MIRTHFUL, a. Imirth and full.'] Merry; 
gay; cheerful. Ben. Johnfcn. 

MI'RTHLESS. a, [from mirth.-] Joylefs j 
cheer Jefs. 

MI'RY. a, [iiommhe.^ 

I. Diep in mud j muddy. Temple. 

It. Confiding of mire. Sbakefpeare. 

MIS, an infeparable particle ufed in compo- 
jition to mark an ill fenfe, or depravation 
of the mciining: as, cbancty \\n.k ^ mij- 
cbanccy ill Juck ; to hke^ to be pleafed ; to 
mijlike, 'lo be oftended. 

MISACCEPTA'TION. /. [mn and accepta- 
tion.^ The ad of taking in a wrong fenfe. 

MISADVE'NTURE. f. [mejawnture, Fr.] 
I. Mil'chance J misfortune j ill luck ; bud 
fortune. Chrendon. 

t. [In law.] M^nOuighter. 

MISADVE'NTUURED. a. [from m'Jad- 
venture,] Unfoxtunate. Shakefpeare. 

MISADVl'SED. a, [mis zni advijtd.] Ill 

MISA'IMED. a. [ms and aim.] Not aimed 
rightly. Spenfer. 

Mi'SANTHROPE. 7/. [/^^^aVVTr©-.] 

MISA'NTHROPOS. i A hater of m^ri. 
kind. Shake jpcare. 

MISA'NTHROPY. /. [^vom mi f ant br ope.] 
Hitred.of mankind. 

MISAPPLICA'TION. /. [mis and applica- 
ticn.J Application to a wrong purpofe. 


To MISAPPLY'. 'V. a. [ mis and apply. ] 
To ap!>lv to wrong purpoles. Hoivel. 

To MISAPPREHE'ND. nj. a. [ms and ap. 
prebend,'^ Not to underflind rightly. 


MIS APPREHENSION. /. [mis and appre- 

hcnJion.'\ Miitake j not right apprehenfion. 


To MiSA<^CRTBE. v. a. [mis and afcnbe.l 
To afcribe falfly. ' Boyle. 

To MiSASSI'GN. -v.c. [mis zni ojfign,] 
To afjign erroneouHy. Boyle. 

To MISBECO'ME. -i.f. [mis znA become.] 
Not to become j to be unfeemly j not to 
fuit. Sidney, 

MISBEGO'T. 7 a. [begot or begotten, 

MISBEGO'TTEN. J wiih mis.] Unlaw- 
fully or irregularly begotten. Dryden, 

To MISBEHA'VE/ -v. v. [mis and behave.] 
To a£l ill or improperly. 

MISBEHA'VIOUR. /. [v.iszn^beba'viour.] 
Ill conduft J bad practice. ^ddijon. 

MISBELI'EF. /. [mis and beUcf.] Falfe re- 
ligion ; a wrong belief. 

MISBELI'EVER. /. [wj»and i:.Vci'fr.] One 
that holds a falfe religion, or believe* 
wrongly, Dryden^ 

M I S 

To MISCA-LCULATE, i,. a. [mis and cal~ 

cuiate,] To reckon wrong. 
To MISCA'L. -y. a. [mis and call.] To name 

improperly. Clanviile, 

MISCA'RRIAGE. /. [mis and carriage.] 

I. Unhappy event oi an undertaking. 


ft. Abortion ; aft of bringing forth before 

the rime. Graunt* 

To MISCA'RRY. .-v. n. [mis and carry.] 

I . To fail ; not to have the intended event, 

i. To have an abortion. Pope, 

MISCELLANE. /. [mifcellaneus, Latin.] 

Mixed corn. Bacon, 

MiSCf.LLA NEOUS. a, [mifcellaneus, Lat.] 

M.ngled j compoled of various kinds. 

MISCELLA'NEOUSNESS. /. [from mifcei- 

hneous] Compofition of various kinds. 
MI'SCELLANY. a. [mifcellaneus, Latin.] 

Mixed of various kinds. Bacon. 

MI'SCELLANY. /. A mafs formed out of 

various kinds. Pope, 

To MISCA'ST. V. a. [mis and caft.] To take 

a wrong account of, Broivn. 

MISCHA'NCE. /. [ mis and chance. ] III 

luck ,• ill fortune. Soiitbt 

MISCHIEF. /. mefchef, old French.] 

1. Harm ; hurt j whatever is ill and inju- 
rioufly done. Bowe. 

2. Ill confequence j vexatious affair. 


ToMI'SCHIEF. V. a. [from the noun.] To 
hurt ; to harm ; to injure. Spratt. 

Ml'SCHlEFMAKER. /. [from mifchiefzn^ 
make.] One who caufes mifchief. 

MI'SCHIEVOUS. a. [from mifchief.] 
1. Harmful; hurtful; deftrudtive ; noxi- 
ous ; pernicious. South, 
z. Spiteful ; malicious. 

MI'SCHIEVOUSLY. ad. Noxiouny ; hurt- 
fully ; wickedly, Dryden-. 

MI'SCHIEVOUSNESS. /. [from mifcbiet>. 
ous.] .Hurtfulnels ; pernicioufnefs ; wic- 
kednefs. South* 

MI'SCIBLE. a. [from mi f ceo, Latin.] Pof- 
fjble to be mingled. Arbuthn^t. 

MISCITATION. /. [mis and citation, j Un- 
fair or h\\^ quotation. Collier, 

To MlSCl'TE. T. a, [ mis and cite, j To 
quote v^rong, 

MISCLATM."/- [inis &n<\ claim.] Miflaken 
clflim. Bacon, 

M'iSCONCF/IT, 7 /. [mis and conceit, 

MISCONCE'PTION. J and conception, j 
Fdli'e opinion ; wiong notion. Hooker, 

MISCO'NDUCT. /. [misznAcondua.:] Ill 
behaviour ; ill management. 

Aldffon, Rogers, 

ToMISCONDU'CT. -v. a. [mis and eon. 
du£l,] To piafivage amifsr 



MISCONSTRU'CTION. /. [tnit and eon- 
firuc^ion.] Wrong interpretation of words 
or things. S-:.ak'-'p:Jre. 

To MISCO'NSTRUE. v. a. [mis and con- 
/irue,] To interpret wrong. Ralnib, 

MJSCONTINUANCE. /. fwn and co«r;- 
nuarce.^ CeiTation ; intermiHion. 

MI'^CREANCE. ? /. [ from rmfcrear.ce, 

MI'SCREANCY. ^ or mefcroumey Fr. J 
Unbelief j falfe faith j adherence to a falfe 
religion. Spenjcr. 

MI'SCREANT. /. [m-fcrear.t, French.] 

1. One that hoJds a falfe faith 3 one who 
believes in falfe gods. Hooker. 

2. A vile wretch. yldJifon. 
MHCREA'TE. 7 a. [tri^s and created.] 
MISCRE'ATED. J Formed unnacurally 

or illegitimately j made as by a blunder of 

nature. SoaL'fpeare. 

MISDE'ED. /. [m!s and deed.] Evilaaion. 

To MISDE'EM. t'.^. [mis and deem.] To 

judge ill of; to miftake, Dalies. 

To MISDEME'AN. v. a. [miszni dem-^'n.] 

To behave ill. Shakejpeare, 

MISDEMEA'NOR. /. [nvs and dcmeav,] 

Offence ; ill behaviour. Houtb. 

ToMISDO'. v.a. f/?.fi and f/o.] Togo 

wron«: ; to commit a crime. Miltortt 

To MISDO'. V. n. To commit faults. 

MISDO'ER. /. Itxomm'Jdc] An cfTender ; 

a criminal. Sper.fcr. 

T'. MISOO'UBT. v. a. [mh and doubt.] To 

!'jfpe6> of deceit or dancer. Shakejpcare, 
MISDO'UBT- /. [m:: and douht,] 

1. Snfpiclon of crime or danger. Shakffp. 

2. Ir/efolution ; hefitation. Shakejpeare. 
MIcE f [trench.] IlTue. Law term. 
To MiSEMPLO Y. v. a. [mis and CKpky.] 

To ufe to wrong purpofes, Aiterbury, 

MISEMPLO'YMENT. /. [;r/: and mycy. 

ment,] Improper applic'rion. Hula; 

Ml'SEPw /. [w/tfr, i.J'tin.J 

I. A wretched perfon 3 one overwhelmed 

with cal .mity. Sidney. 

7,. A wretch ; a mean fellow. Shjktjp, 

3. A wretch covetous to extremiry. 

MI'SERABLE. a. [mifirMe, French.] 

1. Unhappy 5 calanriitc-j£3 wretched. 


2. Wretched ; vvorthlefs. Job. 

3. Culpably pjrfimor.ious ; ftingv. 
Ml'SERABLENESS. /. [hom ni:jcrablc.] 

State of m;fcry. 
MI'SERABLY. ad. [from m-f^rable.] 

1. Unhappily J cahmitoufly. Southi 

a. Wrc-tthediy ; meanly, Sidney. 

MI'SERy. /. [w//Vr„i, Latin.] 

I, Wrttchednels ; unhappinefs. Lode. 

t. Calamity 3 mjsfortune 3 caufeof mifery, 

M I S 

3. [From iw/Zirr.] Covctoufncfs ; avarice. 
To MISFA'SHION. -v. a. [mis inifa/hioK.j 
To firm v.rong. H^kewil/. 

MISFO'RTUNE. /. [mis and fort ur.e.] Ca- 
iamity 3 ill luck 3 want of good fortune, 
ToMlSGVV?. v.a. [Wj and <r;T;c.j To 
fill Vt-ith doubt 5 to deprive of conlioence. 
MISGO'VERNMENT. /. [mis and^cwrr- 
J. Ill adminiftration of pubiick affairs, 


2. Ill management. Taylor, 

3. Irregularity ; inordinate behaviour. 

MISGUI'DANCE. /. [ mis and guidance. J 

Falfe diredion. South, 

To MJSGUI'DE. v.a. [mis zni guide.] To 

direct ill 3 to lead the wrong way. LocHe. 
MISHA'P. /. [wnand Zv/>,J III chance ; ill 

luck. Spenjtr, 

MI'SHMASH. /. Air,f. A low word. A 

To MISINFE'R. t'.a. [;m and jV/^r.] To 

ii'fer wrong. Hooker, 

To MISINFORM, v. a. [mis and irform.\ 

To deceive by falfe accounts. 2 Mac. 

MISINFORMATION. /. [ixommiftrform.] 

Falfe intelligence ; falfe accounts. South. 
To MISINTERPRET, v. a. [trinzniinter- 

pret.j To explain to a wrong fenfe. 

Frn. yohnjcn. 
To MISJO'IN, v. a. [mis -a: A join.] To 

loin unficly or improperly. Diyden. 

To PJISJU'DGE. -u.a. [^^i^znA judge.] To 

form t;:)fe opinions 3 to judge ill. Pope. 
ToMISLA'Y. w.^r. [w/i and /tf y. ] To lay 

in a wrong place. Dryden. 

MISLA'YEr! /. [from mipy.] Oie that 

puts in the wrcng place. Bacon, 

To MISLE'AD. -v. a. [mis T^nA lead.] To 

guide a wrong way 5 to betray to mifchief 

or miftakf. Bacon. 

MISLE'ADER. /. [itonxw'Jlead.] One that 

leads to ill. ^Lakefpeare, 

ToMISLI'KE. i/.«a. [nhzndlike.] Todif- 

apptce 5 to be not ple^fed with. Herbert, 
MISLIKE. f. [from the verb.] Difappro- 

h■.^U< :-, ; dillaftp. Fairfax, 

MISM'KER. /. [from v.ijiike.^ One that 
diiapproves. jijcbami 

Ml'SLFN. /. [corrupted from" mi(ce.!lane.'\ 
MiX(-f1 corn. Mortimer, 

To MI'SLIVE. v.r.. [mis zni U-ve.] To 

iivf 111. Spenjer. 

To M1SMA'NAG£. v. a. [mis imd manage. \ 

T manage ill. Locke. 

MISMA'^JAGEMENT. /. [mis and manage. 

mer.t.] Ill linafiagement 3 ill conduit. 


M I S 

To MISMATCH. 1/. a, [niit and matcb.^ 

To march unfuitably. Southern. 

To MI«iNA'ME. 'V, a. \nui and nai»e. ] To 

caJl by the wrong name. Boyle. 

mSNO'MER. f. [French.] In law, an in- 

di£lment or any other att vacated by a 

wrong name. 

To MISOBSE'RVE. v. a. [nm and o3>i/e.] 

Not to obferve accurately. Locke. 

I.nSO'GAMIST. /. [fA.a-^ and >/a>©..j 

A marriage hater. 
MISO'GYNY. /. {(Ai7£ and yvvn.'\ Hatred 

of women. 
To MISO'RDER. v. a. [mt: and order.] To 
condudl ill j to manage irregularly. 

MISO'RDER. /, [from the verb.] Irregu- 
gularity 5 tliforderly proceedings. Camden, 
MISO'RDERLY. a. [iiom mi/order.] Irre- 
gular. ^Jcham. 
To MISPE'ND. V. a. preterite and part, 
paflive »^///Jt«^ [m.<! and fpend.] 
1. To fpend ill j to wafte j to confumc to 
BO purpofe. Ben. J^hnjon. 
«. To wafte, with the reciprocal pronoun. 
MISPE'NDER. /. [from vnfpend.'] One who 
fpends ill or prodigally. Norn's. 
MISPERSUA'SION. /. [wiand^e"/„^/o„.] 
Wrong notion j falfe opinion. 

Decay of Piety. 
To MISPLA'CE. V. a. [mis and flace,] To 
pat in a wrong place, S»utb, 

To MISPRI'SE. V. a. 

J. Tomiftafee. Shakejpeare, 

a. To flight } to fcorn ; to defpiie. 

<&nSPRI'SION. / [(rommiJprije:\ 

I. Scorn J contempt. Sbakefpeare. 

4. Miftake \ misconception. Glan-ville. 
3. [In common law.") It fignifies negledt, 
negligence, or over fight. Mifprijion of 
treafon is the concealment, or not difclof- 
jng, of known treafon j for the which the 
ofFendeis are to fuffer imprifonment during 
the king's pleafure, lofe their goods and the 
profits of their lands. Mifprifionoi felony, 
js the letting any perfon, committed for 
treafon or felony, or fufpicion of either, 
to go before he he indi£led. Cazvel. 

To MISPROPO'RTION. -v. a. [mis and 
proforlicn.] To join without due propor- 
MISPRO'UD. a. fptis and proud.] Vitioufly 
proud. Sbakefpeare. 

To MISQUO'TE. v. a. [mis mi ^ucte.] To 
quote falfly. Sbakefpeare. 

To MISRECl'TE. v. a. [mis and recite.] 

To recite not according to the truth. 
To MISRE'CKON. v. a. [,nls and reckon.'] 
To reckon wrong j to compute wrong. 


M I S 

To MISRELA'TE. -v. a. [tn''t and relate.'^ 
To relate inaccurately or fallly. Boyle. 

MiSRELA'TiON. /. [from w//''f/tf?f.] Falfe 
or inaccurate narrative. Bipop Bramball. 

To MISREME'MBER. v. a. [mis and re. 
mimber.] To miftake by uufting to me- 
mory. Boyle. 

To MISREPO'RT. v. a. [mis znd report.] 
To give a faife account of. Hooker. 

MISREPO'RT. /. [from the verb.] Falfe 

account j faife and malicious reprefentation, 


To MISREPRESE'NT. 'v. a. [mis and re- 
prefent.] To prefent not as it is j to falfify 
todifadvantage. Swift. 


1. The acl of mifreprefenting. Swift, 

2. Account malicioufly falfe. Atterbury, 
MISRU'LE f. Tumult -, confuficn j revel. 

MISS. /. [contrafted from miflrefs.] 
I. The term of honour to a young girl. 


a. A flrumpet j a concubine j aproftitute, 


To MISS. v. a, [mifen, Dutch.] Alijed 

prefer, mi/i part. 

1. Not to hit by the mind ; t» miflake. 


2. Not to hit by manual aim. Pfipe, 

3. To fail of obtaining. Sidney. 

4. Todifcover fomethmgto bcunexpedtedjy 
wanting, 1 Sa??:, 

5. To be without, Sbakefpeare, 

6. To omit. Prior, 

7. To perceive want of. South, 
To MISS. 'v. n. 

I. To fly v/ide; not to hit. JValler. 

1. Not to fucceed. Bacon. 

3. To fail ; to miftake. 

4. To be loft J to be wanting. 

Sbakefpeare, I Sam, Milton, 

5. To mifcarry j to fail. Milton, 

6. To fail to obtain, learn, or find. 

MISS, /, [from the verb. J 

1. Lofs; want. 

2. Miftake J errour. Afcham, 
Ml'SSAL. /. [mjfale^ Lat. m'ffd, French.] 

The mafs book. SiiUingJleet. 

To MISSA'Y. -v.n, [miszndfay.] To fay 

ill or wrong. Hakcivill, 

To MISSE'EM. v.ti. [mis znA fern] 

I. To make falfe appearance. Spenfer, 

z. To mifoeconr.e. Spenfer. 

To MISS'ERVE. v. a, [mis zndferrue.] To 

ferve unfaithfully. Arbutbnot^ 

To MISSHA'PE. -v.a. part, mi sjh ^^ ped zni 

misjbapen. [w/s unifbape,] To fiiape ill j 

to form ill J to deform. Bestky, 

MI'SSILE. a. [m'Jf lis, Latm,] Thrown by 

the hand j ftnkixjg at «liftanc« Pope. 


M I S 

^ir'SSIO^. /. [mj/io, Latin.] 

1. Commillion ; the ftate of beinp fent by 
I'upreme authority. MUton. Aterbury. 

2. Perfons fent on any aceount. Bacon, 

3. Dil'milTion} difcharpe. Bacon. 

4. Faction; party. Not in ufe. Shsk fp. 
Ml'SSlOMARY. 7 /. [wjjv,niire, French.] 
MI'SSIONER. 5 One lent to propagate 

religion. Drydcn. 

Ml'SSIVE. a. [w#trr, French.] 

J. Such as may be fent, -^y/'jf^* 

2. Ufed atdiftance. Drydan. 

nn'SSI^E. f. [French.] 

1. A letter fent : it is retained in Scotland 
in that fer>{<r, Bacth, 

2. A me/lengcr, ' Fbahfj^eare, 
MISSPEAK, ly.a. [m'i in^ fpcak.] To 

fpeak wione. D-tnne, 

MIST./, [irjj-r, Saxon.] 

1. A low thin ciood ; a fmall th'n rain not 
perceived in drops. Rojctnmon, 

2. Any thing that dims or darkeiv?. 

Dry den. 
To MIST, V. a. [from the noun.] To cloud j 

to cover with a vapoar or fteam. Sb.ikifp. 
MISTA'KABLE. a. [trom m^jiake.^ Liable 

to be conceived wrong. Broivn, 

To MISTA'KE. -y. ^. [mis and rj/i .] To 

conceive wrong j to take fornething for 

that which it is not. Snlatigfeet. 

To MISTA KE, V. n, To err j not to judge 
. right. Rat-.igb, 

MISTA'EN. pret. and part, paff, of in fink-, 

for mjiaken. Shakefpe^re. 

To be MISTA'KEN. To err. Waller. 

MISTA'KE. /. [from the verb.] Mifcon- 

ceptioo; errour. TiUo'fori 

M [STAKING LY. ad. [from mijiaking ] 

Erroneoufly ; falfly. Boyle i 

To MISTA'TE. V. a. [mis znAJiate.'] To 

ftate wrong. Bijhop Sandcrfon. 

To MISTE'ACH. v. a. \ mii and teach. ] 

To teach wrong. B'Jhop Sander Jon, 

To MISTE'MPER. v. a. [mis and temper,] 

To temper ill. Sbahfpeare. 

Ml'STER. a. [from«fy?/V, trade, French.] 

What mifer^ what kind. Spevfer. 

ToMJSTE'RM. -u.a. [mis znA term.'] To 

term erroneoufly. Shakefpeare, 

ToMISTHrNK. 'v.a. \m i in^ think.] To 

think, ill ; to think wrong. Miltnn. 

To MISTIME, t/. fl. [mis znA time.] Not 

to ti.Tie right ; not to adapt propcily with 

regard to time. 
Mi'oTINESS. /. [iTommifiy.] Cloudinefsj 

<1 ate of being overcaft. Bacon. 

Ml STION; /. [from mijlus, Latin;] The 

ftate of being mingled. 
MISTLETO E. /. [myprleran, Sax. vtlf.el. 

Dirndl, bircl.m^, and lan, a tTcig.l A plant. 

This plant is always produced tfom feed, 

and is not to be cultivated in the earthy as 

moH other pl.i.'Us, but will alwayj grow 

M I S 

vtp'-'n tree- ; fnm whence the ancients ac^ 
counted it a fuper-plant, who thought i^ 
to be an excrefcence on the tree v/ithou* 
the feed being prcvjoufly lodged there* 
which ooinion is now generally confu cd. 
The m'Jljfoe thrufh, which feeds upon the 
berries of this plant in winter when it ii 
ripe, doth ope.i the feed from tree to tree ; 
for the vifcous part of the berry, which 
immediately furrounds the feed, doth 
fometimes faftcn it to the outward part 
of the bird's beak, which to get difen^^aged 
Of, he flrikes his oeak at the branches of a 
neighbouring tree, and fo leaves the feed 
flicking by thi' vi(cous to the bark, 
which, if it lights upon a fmc-oth part 0^ 
the tree, will faflcn itidf, ai,d the follow- 
ing: winter put out and grow : the trees 
vvhich this plant doth moft readily take up- 
on are the apple, the afh, and fmie other 
fmooth rind trees : wjienever a branch of 
an oak tree haih any of thefe plants grow- 
ing upon it, it is cut oft", and preferved by 
the curious in their colleftioris of natural 
^curloiule^. MilUri 

MiSTLiKE. c. [w;yiand//^,?.] Rcfembling 
a "li^T. Sbak.ipeare, 

MISTOLD, particip, pafT. of t::ijic'l. ' 

mistook/ particip.* palF. oi mjiake. 


MI'STRESS. /. [ma-Jir'-J^, French.] 

1. A woman who governs ; correlative to 
fubje(5t or to fervant. A-butbnot^ 

%. A woman fkilied in any thing. Addif, 
3 A Woman teacher. Sivi/t, 

4. A woman beloved and courted. 


5. A term of contemptuous addrefs. 


6. A whore j a concubine. 
MISTRU'ST. /. [n:is?inAtr^Jl.] Diffidence j 

fufpicion ; want of confidence. Miltor, 

To MISTRU'ST. -v.a. [m,s zndiruj^.] To 
fufped J to doubt 5 to regard with diffi- 
dence. Coioley^ 

MISTRU'STFtJL. a. [mijlrufi and fuH.\ 
Diilidcnt ; doubtine. Waller. 

MISTRU'STFITLNESS. /. [ft^m mijlrujl- 
/"-'/.] D fHdence ; doubt. Sidney, 

MISTRU'STFULLY. ad. [frommi/lru/}ful.] 
With fufpicion j with miflruft. 

MISTRU'STLESS. a. [hompijiruji.] C 
fident • unfufped^ing. '^- 

Ml'STV. a. [from mji .} 

1. Clouded J overfpread with mifis. 

i. Obfcure } dark j not plain, 
ToMISUNDERSTa'ND. -v.a. [»i,r and 
uvderjland.] To mifconccivs j to miftake. 

MISUXDERSTA'NDING. /. [from m,f. 


I. D.ffcrencej dif greem?nt. Sivift, 

4 K. a. Eirurj 



<2. Error ; mifconception. Bacon, 

MISU'SAGE. /. (from «;-/«/.'.] 

1. Abufe ; ill ufe, 

2. Bid treatment. 

To MISUSE, v.a. [miizni ufc] To treat 

or ufe improperly 5 to abufe. South. 

Misuse./, [froiii theverb.J Bad ufe; bad 

treatmenr. Atttrhury. 

To MISWE'EN. 'u. n. [mis and ivcev.] To 

misjudge ; to diftrulh Spenjer. 

To MISVVFND. -u.n. [ mn and |> n'^an, 

Saxon] To go wrong. Fairfax. 

MI'SY. /. A kind of minera?. Hill. 

MITE. f. [n.itc, French i nnj:, Dutch,] 

1. A fniaii infect found in cheefe or corn ; 
a weevil. Philips, 

2. The twentieth part of a grain. Arbuth. 

3. Any thing prrverb;aily fnTiail. Dryden. 

4. A fmali particle. ' Ray. 
MiTE'LLA. ,.'". A plant. 
MiTHRJDA^TE. /. Mihridate is one of 

the capital medicines of the /hops, confift- 
ing of a great rumber of ,'ngredients, and 
has its nan-,e from its inventor Mithridates, 
king of Pontus. iDuincy. 

MI'THRIDATE muprd. f. A plantT 
MI'TIGANT. a. [w/V/;^^ri, Latin.]Ler.ientj 

To MrTIGATE-. •». a .[mitigo, Lar. mitiger, 
1. To foftE.n J to make lefs rigorous. 


a. To alleviate ; to make mild j to afluage. 


3, To mollify j to hi& fsvcre. 


4. To cool ; to moderate. Addijon. 
MlITGA'TlON. /. [m{tigaUo,\.zx.'\ Abate- 
ment of any thing penal, haifh, or pain- 
ful. Bacon. 

Ml' PRE. /. \piitre, Fr. mitra, Latin.] 

J. An ornament for the head. Dryden. 

2» A kind of epifcopai crown. Watts, 

KIITRE. 7 /, ( Among workmen.] A kind 
MITER. 5 of joining twvo boards together. 
MITRED, a. [m//r/, Fr. from«/Vr<r.] A- 

dorned v.ith a mitre. Prior. 

Ml'TTENT. a. [mittens, Latin.] Sending 

forth; emittinp. Wijeman^ 

Ml'TTENS. /. [mitains, French.] 

1. Coarfe gloves for the wintc. Peach. 

2, Gloves that cover the arai without 
covering the^fingers. 

MI'JTIMUS. [Latin.] A warrant by which 

a juftice commits an oflender to prifon. 
To MIX. v. a. [n:!fceo,Ln\n.] 

1. To unite diftereat bodies into one mafs j 
to put various ingredients together, a Efdr. 

2. To form out of d.lYerent confiderations. 


3. To join; to mingle. Shttkefpeare. 
"fcii'XEN, /; [mixen. Ssxon,] Adungl^il| a 


M O C 

MI'XTION. /. [mixtiov, French.] Mixttsre 
confufion of one body with another. 

MI'XTLY. ad. [from »;/>.] With coalition 

of different parts into one, 
MI'XTURE. /, \ piixtur a, LT^un.] 

I, The aa of mixing 3 the flate of being 
i«ixed. Arluthnot. 

z. A mafs formed by mingled ingredients. 
3. That which is added and mixed. 

MFZMAZE. /. A maze j a labyrinth. 


MI'ZZEN. /. [ff;^;i77£,r, Dutch.] The wr?5- 

z,cn is a mad in the flern of a fhip : the 

length of a mix-in mafi; is half that of the 

main maft. Bailey, 

Mi'ZZY. /. A bog ; a quagmire. 

MNEMO'NICKS. /. [|Uv>!//.oyix«\] The art 

of memory. 

MO. a. [ma, Saxon.] Making greaternum- 

ber J more. " Spenfer. 

MO. ad. Further ; longer. Shakefpearc, 

To MOAN. f. a. [from msenan, Saccon, to 

grieve.] To lament ; to deplore. 
To MOAN, V. n. To grieve 5 to make la- 
mentation. Ihomfon. 
MOAN, /. Lamentation j audible forrow, 

MOAT./. [/K5^/e, French.] A canal of wa- 
ter round a houie or caflle for defence. 
To MOAT. -v. a. [matter, French, from the 
Boun.] To farround with canals by way of 
defence. Dryder^ 

MOB. /. [contraflcd from moUle, Latin.] 
The croud j a tumultuous rout. Drydcjj, 
MOB. /. A kind of female head dreff. 
To MOB. -v. a. [ffom the noun.] To har- 

rafs, or overbear by tumult. 
MO'BBISH. a. [from rr.ob.'] Mean j done 

after the manner of the mob. 
To MO'BLE. 'V. a. To dreis grofsly or in- 
elegantly, Shakefpeare^ 
MO'BBY. /. An American drink made of 

MOBILE./. [CToWif, French.] The popu- 
lace ; the rout ; the mob. L'' EJirarircg 
MOBi'LlTY. /. [mobilite, Fr, mobiUt'as, 

I. Nimblenefs ; a£livity. B'ackmore. 

%. [In cant language,] The populace. 

3. Ficklenefs ; inconftancy. 
MO'CHO STONE, /. Macho-fiofiex are 
nearly related to the agat kind, of a clear 
horny grey, wirli declinations rejjrefenting 
nwdes, /hrubf, and branches, in the fub- 
ftance of the flonc. Woodivafd, 

To MOCK. v. a. [mocquer^ French.] 
i, To deride j to iaugh at 3 to rid:culr, 


». T* 


2. To deride by imitation j to mimick in 
contempr, Shahipeare. 

3. To defeat ; fo eJude. Siakjpeare. 

4. Tu fool J to tantalize j t^pldyoncon- 
temptiiou/ly. Milton, 

To MOCK. V, n. To make contemptuous 
fport. Jcb, 

WOCK./ [from the verb.] 

1. Ridicule J act of contempt; fleer j 
fneer. ^rulotj'on. 

2. Imitation ; mimickry. Crajhaiv. 
MOCK. a. Fdlfc j counteifeit j not real. 

MO'CKABLE. a. [from meek.] Expofed to 

derJion. Sbak-fpearc, 

MOCK PRI'VET. 7 . r,T ^ 'r r , 
Plants. yjir.Jzu, 

M O D 

MO'DELLER. /. [from model.] Phnncr ; 
/chenerj contriver. Sptjfaior 

MO'DERATE. a. [moderatut, Latin.] 

1. Tembtrate j not exctlTive. EccluL 

2. Nvt hot of temper. Hivr/t, 

3. Not luxurious j not cxpenfive. 


4. Not extreme in opinion j not fanguine 
in a tenet. Stralridge. 

5. Phced between extremes j holding the 

MO'CKEL. a. [ the fame with mickk, ] 
Much ; many. Spcnjtr. 

MO'CKER. /. [from rrfsh.] 

1. Ons who mocks j a f..orner ; a fcofrer. 


2, A deceiver ; an elufory impoftor. 
MO'CKER Y. /. ln:ou2uerie, French.] 

Derilion : fcorn 

lit. ^Falts. 

iporrive m. 

2. Ridicule J contemptuous menimenc. 


3. Sportj fubjeft of hughter, ^i^^^^^y/s^ijrf. 

4. Vanity of attempt. Sbaktfpsare, 
;;. Imitation 5 counterfeit appearance 5 vain 
fiiow. Shakejpeare. 

MOCKING-BIRD. /. [mocking '^na hi rd.] 
An American bird, which imitates the 
nite of other birds. 

MO'CKINGLY. ad. [from mockery.] In con- 
tempt ; petulantly ; with inlult. 

MO'CKING-STOCK. /. [ mocking and 
ftock,] A butt for merriment. 

MODAL, o, \_modale, Fr, modui/s, Latin.] 
RelatiTig to the form or mooe^ not the ef- 
fence. Ghrvil'e. 

MODA'LITY. /. [Uommodal.] Accidental 
difference j modal accident. Holder. 

MODE. /. [mode, Fr. modus, Latir.] 

1. Form J external variety j accidental dif- 
crimination j accidenr. IVatti, 

2. Gradation ; degree. Pope. 

3. Manner ; method ; form ; fa/hion. Tayl. 

4. State } appearance. Hbakefpeare. 

5. [Mode, French.] F-iliicn j cullom. 

MO'DEL. /. [m-.dulus, Latin.] 

1. A reprefentation in miniature of 
thing made or done. ^ddifon. 

2. A copy to be imitated. llcoker. 

3. A mould J any thing which fliows or 
g;ves the fliape cf thdt which it incl. fes, 


4. Standard j that by which any thing is 
meafured. South, 

To MO'DEL. V. tf. f»2:rfr/tfr, French.] To 
plan ; to Ihape j 10 Hiould j to form ; to 
dsiinea:e» ^ddijon^ 


Dry den, 

[msderor, Latin j 


6. Of the middle rate. 
To MO'DERATE. v. a, 
mderer, French.] 

1. Toreeuluej to reftrain : to ftill j to 
pacify J to quiet; to reprcfsi Spenfer. 

2. Tomake temparate. Blaiknii'e^ 
MO'DERATELY. ad. [from K.oderace.] 

1. Temperately ; mildjy. 

2. In a middle cegrte. WalUr, 
MO'DERATENESS. /. [from moderate.] 

State of bein^ moderate 5 tesnperatenefs. 
MODERATION./. [n:oderano, Latin.] 
I. Forbejranceof extremity J the contrary 

temper to party violence. 



2. C^lmnefs of mind ; equanimity. Mi/to.. . 

3. Frugality in expence. 
MODERATOR. /." [moderi:tor, Latin.] 

1. The perfon or thing that calms or re- 
Itrain-. ^fFalion, 

2, One who prefides in a difputation, to re- 
flrain the contending parties fmm indecen- 
cy, and confine them to the qutftion. 


MO'DERN. /. [moderr.e, French,] 

J. Late i recent j not ancient j not antique, 

2. In Shakespeare, vulgar; mean j com- 

MO DERNS. f. Thofe who have lived late- 
ly, oppof^d to the ancients. Boyle, 

MO DERNI.^M. /. Deviation from the an- 
cient and c'afljcal manner. Snvift* 

To MODERNISED v. ^. To adapt ancient 
comprfuicns to modern perlbns <,t thirgs. 

MC'DERNNESS. /. [iioxn modem.] No- 

MO'DEST. a. [modefle, French.] 

1. Not arrogant J not prifumptuous. 

. Younr, 

2. Not impudent; not forward. Dryden. 

3. Not loofe ; not unchafle. y^ddifori, 
MO'DESTLY. ad. [from wode/I.] 

1. Not arrogantly J not prefumptuoufly. 


2. Not impudently j not forwardly ; with 
moderty. SojL-jpe^re, 

3. Not loofely ; not Ifwdly. 

4. Not excefiivelv ; w;th moderation. 
MO'DKSrY. /. [n.uijl^, Fr. md^fl. s, Lat.] 

I. Not arrogance } not prefumptubufnefs, 

N jt irrpujenc 

4 K a 

not forward neh 

3. Mode. 

M O I 

5. Moderation ; decency. Slakefpeare, 

4, Chaftiry; purity of rnanneis. Dryden. 

MODES'! Y- PIECE. /. A natrow lace 

which runs along the upper pait of the 

ftays before. , Addifon. 

MO'DiCUM. /. [Latin,] Small portion ; 

pit ranee. Dryden. 

IVIODIFI'ABLE. a. [hom modify. X i:hiX. 

may'biedi^erfifiedby accidental differences. 

MO'DIFICABLE. a. [from modify.l Diver- 

fifiible bv various mfldes. 

I/iODlFICA'TiPN, /. [modlfcaiioTt, Fr.] 

The a6t of modiiving any thing, or giving 

it new accidcntal'difference?. Neivton, 

'^0 MODIFY, -y. a. [modifier, French.] 

T. To change the form or accidents of any 

thing J to (hape. l-Jtivttn. 

2. To foften ; to moderate. Dryden. 

JvlODI'LLON. /. [French.] Mod'/hns, m 

architediur?, are litde brackets which are 

often fet urrder the Corinthian and connpo- 

fite orders, and ferve to lupport the projec- 

ture of the larmier or drip. Harm's. 

M O L 

To MOIL. v. a. [mouilkr, 
I. To dawb With dirt. 
7.. To weary. 

^vlO'DISH. a. [from wo^e.] Fafhionable ; flefh in the uterus. 

^am proportion. 

a. Sound modulated j 

formed according to the reigning curtom. 
MO DISHLY. ad. [from modip.^ Fafhio- 
• • nabiy. 
:^10'DISHNESS, /. [hommodijh.] AfFec- 

tation of the faihion. 
To MO'DULATE. v. a. [mo^K /or, Latin.] 
To form foupd to a certain key, or to cer- 
tain notes. Anon, 
MODULATION. /. [dommoduhte i tnodu- 
. lation, French.] 

3. The aft of forming any thing to cer- 
Jgrceable harmony. 
MO'DULATOR. /. [from modulate.] He 
who fqtmz founds 10 a certain key j a tuner. 
• Derian:, 
.MO'DULE. /. [modulus, LiVn.] An empty 
reprefentation J a model. Sbakcjpfare. 

MO'DUS. /. [Latin,] Something paid as a 
compenfation for tithes on the fuppofition 
of being a modeiaie equivalent, S%vift. 
MO'DWALL. /. A bird. 
J^IOE. a. [ma, Saxon. See Mo.] More; a 
greater number. Hooker. 

^O'HAIR. /. [7;2C'Z)er^, French.] Thread or 
ikifi" made of camels or other hair; Pope. 
MO HOCK. /. The name of a cruel nation 
of America given to ruffians who were 
imagined to infefl the flreets r.f London. 

Gay, Dennis, 
MOI'DERED. a. Crazed. ■ 

MO'IDORE. /. [j;!o.-Jf, French.] A Portu- 
V ^1 coin, rated at one pound fcven fhillings. 
JWO'IETY. /. [moitie', FreRch, from moierty 
J-'the middle.] Hilf j oneof tv/o equal parts. 


To MOIL. "v. n. [m'iuilhr, French.] 

I. To labour in the mire. Bacon, 

7.. To toil ; to drudge. UEfirange;, 

MOIS r. a. [moijie, French,] 

1. Wet, not djy j wet, not liquid j wet in 

a finall degree. Fofie, 

Z. Juiry ; fucculent. 

To MOIiJT. 7 *. a. [from wo?/?.] To 

To MOISTEN. J ma|ce damp ; to make 

wet to a fmall degree ; to damp. Shakejp, 

MO/ISTENER. /. [from jnoifien.] The per^ 

fon or thing that moiflcns. 
MO'ISTNESS. /. [from moiji.'] Dampnefs ; 
wetnefs in a fmall degree. ' " j4ddifon. 

MO'ISTURE. /. [moiteur, Fr. from moift ] 
Small quantity of water or liquid. Sidney, 
MOK^S of a net. The meflies. 
MOKY. a. Dark. 
MOLE. /. [mcel, Saxon.] 

1 . A n:o'e is a formJefs concretion of extra - 
vafated blood, which grows uijto a kind of 

2. A natural fpot or difcolouration of the 
body. Pope. 

2. A mound j a dyke, Sandys, 

4, A little beaft that works under ground. 


MOLEBAT. /. A M^. 

MOLECAST. /. [mole 2ii6 ca/i.] Hillock 

caft tip hy a mole. Mortimer. 

MO'LECATCHER. /. [mole 2nd catcher.] 

■ One whole employment is to catch moles'. 


MO'LEHILL. /, [mole ^n6 Bill.] Hillock 

' thrown up by the mole working under 

ground. ' Fairfax', 

To MOLE'ST. V. a. [mole/ler, French. J To 

difturb J to trouble J to vex. Locke. 

MOLESl A'TION. /. [moleflia, Latin. J 

. Diilurbance; uneafinefs caufed by vexation. 

MOLE'STER. /. [from mohji.] One who 

MO LETRACK„ /. [mnle and track ] Courfe 
of the fwole uwdcr ground. Mortimer. 

MO'LEWARP. /. [7«o/fiandpeop.pan, Sax.] 
A mole. Drayton, 

MO^LLIENT. a. {moViens, Latin.] Soften- 
MO'LLIFIABLE. a. [ixom molfify.] That 

may be foftened, 
MOLLIFICA'TION. /. [from wo////y.] 
. J . The aft of mollifying or foftening. 

1, Pacification j mitigation. Shahjpeare. 
MOLLIFIER. /.■ [from moihfy.] 

1. That which foftens j that which ap- 
peafes. Macon, 

2. He that pacifies or rrwtigates. 
To MO'LLiFY. 'v.a. {mllio, y&im.] 

I, To 

M O N 

T. To foften ; to make fofr, 

2. To alFwagf. Ifaiab, 

3. To appcrtfej to pacify J to quiet. 


4. To qualify ; to Icflcn any thing har(h 
or buiHcnlbme. Clarendon. 

MO'LTEN. Dart, pafl", from melt. Bacon. 
lAOn.Y. /. '[m:ly, Luin.] Moly^ or wild 

garlick, is of I'evcral forts; as the great 

mcly of Homer, the Indian moly, the mo!y 

of Hungary, fcrpcucs n.oly, the yellow 

T^oly. Mortimer, 

MOLO'SSES. 7 /. [ rr.eVaZKo, Italian. ] 
MOLASSES, i Treacle j the fpume or 

frum of the iuice of the lugar-cane. 
MOME. /. A dull, ftupid blockhead ; a 

ftock, a poft. Hhakefpeare. 

MOMENT, f. [m:ment, Fr. m.mentutn, 


I. Confequence ; importance j weight; 

value. Bentley. 

1. Force; impuifive weight. B. Jobrjcn. 

3. An indivifible particle of time. Prior, 
MUME'NTALLY. ad. [from mcmintum, 

Latin.] For a moment. Broivn. 

MOMENTA'NEOUS. 1 a. [ moment anus, 
MO'MEN'TANY. i Latin.] Lifting 

but a morr.ent. Bacon. 

MO'MENTARV. a. [from moment ."l Laft- 

JDg for a moment 3 done in a moment. 

Dry den. 
MOME'NTOUS. a. [itoxn momentum, hzX..'] 

Important ; weighty j of confequence. 

MO'MMERV. /. \momerie, French.] An 

entertainment in which ma/kers play fro- 

licks. Roivj. 

. MO'NACHAL. a. [fxoyax^Kk.'] Monaftick j 

relating to monks, or conventual orders. 
MO'NACHLSM. /. [monadifme, Fr.-[ The 

ftate of monks ; the monaftick life. 
MO'NAD. 7 f. [ (uovaf. ] An indivifible 
MO'NADE. 5 thing. More, 

MO'NARCH. /. [/^5vapx''-] 

I. A governor invefted wuh abfolute au- 
thority ; a king. Temple. 

z. Onefupcrior to the reft of the fame kincl, 


•5. Prefident. Sbakefpeare. 

MONA'RCHAL. a. Suiting a monarch ; 

regal ; princely ; imperial. Mi-toi. 

MONA'RCHICAL. a, [{xovapx^nk-] Veiled 

in a fingle ruler. Broim. 

To MO'NARCHISE. v. n. [from mnnarc/j.] 

To play the king. Sookeffiea'-e. 

MO'NARCHY./. [monarcl>ie,Tr. y.ovafx,i'<^.] 

I. The government of a fmgie perfon. 

Alter bury. 

Z. Kingdom ; empire. Siak.fpi'are. 

TVrO'NASTERY. /. [monajierium, Latin.] 

Houfc of religious retirement j convent. 

•• « • Prydtn, 

M O N 

MONA'STICK. 7 a. [mona^icus, Uun.l 
MONA'STICAL. 5 Religioully rccJule. 


MONA'STICALLY. ad. [from monajlick.} 

Reciufely ; in the manner of a monk. S.tift'. 

MO'NDAY. /. ffrom won and day.] Tire 

It'Cftnd day of the week. 
MONEY. /. [mcneta, Latin.] Metal coined 
for the purpofes of commerce. S:L'i/\ 

MO'NEYBAG. /. [money anA I'ag.] A large 
purfe. iibakrffjeare. 

MO'NEYCHAXGER. /. [money zn6 change.^ 
A broker in money. Arhktbnot, 

MO NEYED. a. [from morey-l Rich in mo- 
ney : often ufed in oppofition to thofe who 
are pofTeded of lands. Locke, 

MONEYER./. [fcommoney.] 

I. One that deals in money j a banker, 
"2. A coiner of money. 
MO'NEYLESS. a. [from money.] Wanting 
money ; pennvlcls. . Sifife. 

MO'NEYMATTER. /. [money ind matter.} 
Account of df^btor and creditor. A'hutb, 
MO'NEYSCRIVENER. /. [monjznAjcri^ 
'vener.] One who raifes money for others, 
MO'NEYWORT. /. A plant. 
MO'NEYSVVORTH. /. [money md ivortb.} 
Something valuable. UEflrange, 

MO NGCORN. /. [man J, Saxon, and corn.^ 

Mixed corn: as, wheat and rie. 
MO'NGER. r. [manjejie, Saxon, a trader.] 
A dealer 5 a feller : as, a Jijhmoiiger. 


MO'NGREL. a. [from marj, Saxon, or 

mengcn, to mix, Dutch.] Of a mixed breed, 


MO'NIMENT. /. [from woneo, Latin.] It 

feems to fignify infcription in Spenfer, 
To MO'NISH. v.a.[mor.:o,LiUn.'\ Toad- 
monifh. Afcbam, 

MO'NISHER. /. [from monijh.'] An admo- 

niiTier ; a monitor. 
MONITION. /. [monitio, Latin.] 
^l. Information J hint. Holder, 

2. Inftrudion ; document. UE/irange. 
MO'NITOR. /. [Latin. J One who warns 
of faults, or informs of duty ; one who 
gives ufeful hints. It is ufed of an upper 
fcholar in a fchool commilTioned by the 
mafter to look to the boys. Lzcke, 

MO'NITORY. a. [monitoriui, Lat.] Con- 
veying ufeful inflruc^ionj giving .idmoni- 
tion. L'EJirange. 

MO'NITORY. /. Admonition 3 warning. 


MONK. /. [fxo-axh'] One of a religious 

community bound by vows to certain ob- 

ft-rvances. Knollet, 

MO'NKEY. /. [monikin, a little man.] 

I. An ape ; a baboon ; a jickinape?. An 

animal beaiing fonie lelcmbiance of man, 


2. A 


E. A word of contempt, or flight tcind- 
nels. Hbakf-jpcare. 

MO'NKERY. /. [from mor.k.l Themona- 
ftick life. Ball, 

MC'NKKOOD. /. [monk and hood.'] The 
charafter of a monk. Attobury. 

MO'PJKISH. a. [(rem monk.'] Monaftick; 
pertaining to m<">nks. Smith. 

MONK's-f-IOOD. /, A plant. 

MONK'S- RHUBARB. /. A fpecies of 

MO'NOCHORD. /- \_fjiov<B- and yji^K.] An 
inftrument of one {Iring. 

IvIONCyCULAR. 7 a. [^pv@>- and oculus.] 

MONO'CULOUS. 5 One-eyed. Gkn-vilk. 

MO'NODY. /. fjwovftj^;'*.] Apoemfungby 
one perfon not in dialogue. 

MONO'GAMIST, /. [y.n(^ and ya^<^.] 
One who difallows fecond marriages. 

MONO'GAMY. /. [ jacVaj and yafxiao. "j^ 
Marriage of one wife. 

MO'NOGRAM. /. [,ao'v©^and ypa'ia.Mci.] A 
cypher j a character compounded of fe ve- 
ra! letters. 

JVIO'NOLOGUE. /. [,wov(^ and -Koy^.] A 
Icene in which a perfon of the drama fpeaks 
by himfelf J a foliloquy. Drydtn, 

MO'NOMACHY. /. [^oyo/c*ftx*'ct.] A duel j 
a fingle combat. 

MO'NOME, /. In algebra, a quantity that 
has but one denf.niinatlon oi name, tlarrn. 

ft^lONOPE'TALOUS. a. [/xov(^ and •Qrira.. 
7voy.] It is ufed for fuch^fl .weis as are form- 
ed out of one leaf, howfoever they may be 
feemingly cut into fmall ones. 

MONOPOLIST. /. [jmnofiohur, French.] 
One who by engroffing or patent obtains 
the fole power or privilege of vending any 

To MONO'POLIZE. v, a. [ f^oi^ and 
crwAio] To have the fole power or privi- 
lege of vending any commodity. Arbutb, 

MONO'PTOTE. /. [ixo\^ and mlZ^ii.] 
Is a noun ufed oi-ily in fome one oblique 
cafe. Clarke. 

MONO'STICH. /, [,^jvoV'XO'''«] A compo- 
fition of one verfe. 

MONOSYLLA'BICAL. <?. [from vionojyU 
lable.] Confifting of words of one fyllablc. 

MONObY'LLABLE. /. [^-cov(5>. and o-i^xxa- 
^n.] A word of only one fyllable. Dryder. 

MONOSY'LLABLED. a. [from monojyl^ 
lable.] Confifting of One fyllable. 


MONOTTONY. /. [/i^ovolcvia.] Uniformity 
of found ; want of variety in cadence. 


MO'NSIEUR, /. [French.] A term of re- 
proach for a Frenchman. Shtikejpeare. 

MONSO'ON. /. [msrjon, French.] Mon- 
Joons are fhifting trade winds in the Eaft In- 
dian ocean, which blow periodically ; fome 
for half a year one way, others but for 

M o N 

thrse months, and then /bift and blow for 
fix or three months direftly contrary. 

Harris. Ray, 

MO'NSTER. /, [mcnjirum, Latin.] 

iv Something out of the common order of 
nature. Lock.\ 

a. Something herrible for deformity, wic- 
kednefs, or mifchief. Pope, 

To MO'NST£R. v a. [from the noun.J 

To put out of the common order of things. 


MONTRO'SITY. 7 /. The flate of be- 

MONSTRU'OSITY. \ ing monftrou?, or 
out of the common order of the univerfc. 

MCNSTROUS. a. [monftrofusj Latin.] 
J. Deviating from the ftaied order of na- 
ture. Lock:\ 

2. Strange ; wonderful. Sbakefpearr, 

3. Irregular J enormous, Poje. 

4. Shocking} hateful. Bacor. 
MO'NSTROUS. ad. Exceedingly j very 

much. Bacon^ 

MO'NSTROUSLY. ad. [from mon^rmi.] 

1. In a manner out of the comnfon oider 
of nature} fhockir,g'y j terribly j hor- 
ribly. South, 

2. i'o a great or enormous degree. Dryd. 
MO'NSTROUSNESS. /. [from matfiroui.^ 

Enormity j irregular nature or behaviour. 

MC^NT^Nr, f. [French,] A term in fen- 
cing. Sb.ih'fpeare, 

MONIE'RO. f. [Spanifli,] A horfeman's 
cap. Bacon, 

MONTE'TH. /. [from the name of the in- 
ventor.] A vefiel in vvhich'glaiTesarewalh- 
cd. King. 

MONTH. /. [mona^, Sason.j A fpace of 
time either meafured by the fun or moon : 
the lunar month is the time between the 
change and change, or the time in which 
the moon comes to the fame point : the folar 
month is the time in which the fim palTes 
through a fign of the zodiack ; the calen- 
dar months, by which we reckon time, are 
unequally of thirty or ont-and- thirty days, 
except February, which is of twenty -eight, 
and in leap year o^ twenty- nine. 

MONTH'S mind. f. Longing deflre. 


MONTHLY, a. [itom month.] 

1. Continuing a month j performed in a 
month. Bentley. 

2. Happening every month. Dryden^ 
MO'NTHLY. ad. Once in a month. 

MGNWIR. f. [French.] in horfcmanftip, 
a flone as high as the fturups, which Ita- 
lian riding- maflers muunt their horfes 
from. -D/iS. 

MONUMENT, /. [mvuhpt^ French.] 

I. ^'^1 


7. Any thing by which the memory of pcr- 
fons or things is preferved ; <• memorial. 

King Charles. 
2. A tomb ; a cenotaph. Sandys. Prpe. 

MONUME N PAL., a. [ from monumtrr. j 
I. Memorial; preferving memory. Potf. 
1. Ratfcd in honour of ihe dead ; belong- 
ing to a tcmb. C''aJ}}aiv. 

MOOD. /. [ti:odus, Lnin.] 

1. The form of an argument. B >k'f. 

2. Stile of mofick. Muton. 

3. The change the verb undergoe?, to fig- 
nify various intentions of the mind, is call- 
ed tnooj, Ciurke. 

4. Temper of mind ; ftate of mind as 
affefted by any pafTiou 5 difpofitien. 


5. Anger J rage j heat of mind. 

MOODY, a. [from mW.] 

I. Angry j out of humour. Sbakefpeare, 

z. Mental ; intelledtual. 
MOON. /. [y.r.r..] 

1. The changing luminary of the night, 

called by poets Cynthia or Phcebe. 


a. A month. 
MOON- BEAM. /. [mcomnd beam.] Rays 

of lunar light. Bacon. 

MOON-tALF. /. [moomni ca'f.] 

I. A monfter ; a faife conception : fuppof- 

ed perhaps anciently to be preduced by the 

influence of the moon. Sbak.fpeare. 

a. A dolt ; a ftupid fellow, Dryden. 

MOON-EYED. a. [moon and eye.'] 

1. Having eyes afrefled by the revolutions 

of the mocn. 

a. Dim-eye^ ; purblind, 
MOONFE'RN. /. A plant. 
MOON-FISH. /. Moon-fijh is fo called, 

becaufe the tail fin is fliaped like a half 

moon. G'-etu, 

MO'ONLESS. a. [from moor,] Not en- 
■ lightened bv the moon. Drydcv. 

MO^OXLIGHT. /. [rn^onind light.] The 

light aff 'rded by the moon. Hooker. 

MO'ONLIGKT. a. liluminated by the 

moon. Fc^e. 

MOONSHINE. /. [moor znd pine.] 

1. The luihc of the mo^n. i^huhjpeare. 

2. [In burlelque,] A month. Hbaktfp. 
MO'ONSHINE. 7 a. [ntocmnd Jhire.] U- 
MO'ONSHINY, 5 lummated by the moon. 

MO'ONSTONE. /. A kind of ftone. 
MO'ONSTRUCK. a. [ moon zndftruck. ] 

Lumuck ; affected by the moon. Milton, 
MOON-TREFOIL. /. [ mcdicago, Latin. ] 

A plant. Miller. 

MO'ONWORT. /. [moon and ivorf.ySu. 

tion'lower, honesty. MiHrr. 

MOONY, a. It'tommocn,] Lun«tcd j b*7- 

^^ O R 

Jng a crefcent for the ftandard rcfcmlJing 
the moon. Philtf,t. 

MOOR. /. [wofr, Dutch ; modder, Tcuto- 
nick, clay.] 

1. A marfh ; a fen ; a bog j a track of 
low and watry grounds. Sfenjer, 

2. A negro J a black-a-moor. 

To MOOR. V. a. [n:orer, French.] To faf- 

ten by anchors or otherwife. Dryden, 

To MOOR. -v. n. To be fixed,- to be fta- 

tioned. Arbuthrot. 

To hloiv a MOOR. To found tlie horn in 

triumph, and call in the whole company 

of hunters. Ainfivorth, 

MO'ORCOCK./. [moor 2nd ic.k.] The male 

of the moorhen. 
MO'ORHEN. /. [moor and ben.] A fowl 

that feeds in the fens, without web feer. 
MO'ORISH, /. [ from mocr. ] Fenny ; 

marfhy ; watrv. Ha/e. 

MO'ORLAND. '/. [mior zni land.] Marfli ; 

fen ; watry ground. Hivi/t, 

MO'ORSTONE. /. A fpecies of granite. 

MO'ORY. a. [from moor.] Marfhy ; fenny ; 

MOOSE. /. The large American deer. 
To MOOT. V. a. To plead a mock caufe j 

to ftate a point of law by way of exercife, 

as was commonly done in the inns of courc 

at appointed times. 
MOOT cafe or point. A point or cafe un- 

fe'tled and difputable. Locke^ 

MOO TED. a. Plucked up by the root. 
MO'OTER. /. [from moot.] A d;fputer of 

moot points. 
MOP. /. [myppa, Welflj,] 

1. Piecesof cloth, cr locks of wool, fired 
to a long handle, with which maids, clean 
the floors. Swift, 

2. A wry mouth made in contempt. 


To r.fOP. •::•, a. [from the noun.] To rub 
with a mop. 

To MOP. -v. n. [ from nuk. ] To make 
wry mouths in contempt. Shakefpeare, 

To MOPE. V. n. To be ftupjd j to drowfe ; 
to be in a conftant daydream. Rozve. 

To MOPE. V. a. To make fpiriilefs j to 
deprive of natural powers. Locke, 

MO'PE-EYED. a. Blind of one eye. 

MO'PPET. If, A puppet made of rags 

MO'PSEY". 5 as a mop ^ a fondling name 
for a girl. Dryden. 

MO'FU-. /. A drone ; a dreamer. Swifr. 

MO'RAL. a. [moral, Fr. rrortz/n, Latin.] 
I. Relating to the prafliceof men towards 
each other, as it may be virtuous or cri- 
minal J goid or bad, Hooker, 
a. Rea- 

M O R 

ft, Reafonlng or inftru6ling with Ttg\i^. to 
vice, and virtue. ^i)j^ /fejrtf. 

3. Popular 5 fiich as is known in ge- 
neral bufinefs of life. lillo'Jon. 
IVIO'RAL. /. . , 

1. Morality J pradlice or dodlnne of the 
duties of lire. .P\^°^' 
a. The dodtrine inculcated by a fisftiori ; 
the accommodation of a tablt; to form the 
moral?. Szvift, 

To MO'RAL. 1/. n. [from the adjefti^'e.] 

To mjraiife J to make moral refledllons. 
MO'RALIST. /. [marfl///^ French.] One 

who teaches the duties of life. Jiddijor, 
MORA'LI'lY. /. Irnora i;/, Fr. from n.«- 


J. ihedoarine of the duties of life 5 e- 
\ thicks. ^'^^f';- 

2. The form of an aflion which makes it 
the fubjeft of reward, or puniihment. 


To MO'RALIZE. i>. a. [mor a lifer,Fr.] To 

apply to moral puipofes j to explain in a 

moral fenfe. UEJirange, 

To MO'RALIZE. v.n. To fpeak or write 

on moral fubjedts. 
MORALI ZER. /. [from moralix^f.^ He 

who moralizes. 
MO'RALLY. ad. [from moral.l 

i. In the ethical fenfe. Rymer. 

a. According to the rules of virtue. 


5. Popularly. VEJirang^. 

MO'RALS /. The praftice of the duties 

of lite ; behaviour with refpedl to others. 

MORA'SS. /. \rncwaiiy French.] Fen ; bog j 

moor. ^'''^"• 

MORBID. /. [mrhiduSf Lat.] Dfeafed ; 

in a ftate contrary to health. Aibutbnot. 
MO'RBIDNESS. /. [irom morbid.} Slate of 

being difesfed. 

MORBI'FICAL. 1 O' I morbus and fdcioy 

MORBI'f ICK. J Lat.j Caufing dileafes. 


MORBO'SE. a. [morbofus, L^t.] Proceeding 

fromdifeafe; not healthy. 
MORBO'SITY. /. [from morlofuSj Lat.] 

Difea(ed ftate. Bro7vn. 

MORDACIOUS. a. lrr.crd.^x,Uu] Bit- 

ing; apt to bite. 
MORDA'CITY. /• [n^ord,Jcitas, Lat,] Bit- 
ing quality. Bacon. 
MORDICANT. /• [mordicant, Fr.] Bitmg j 

acrid. ^"y^'' 

MORDICATION. /. [ from morduarc. ] 

The aft of corroding or bitiug. Bacon. 
MORlE. a- [majie, Saxon.] 

I. In greater number j in greater quanti- 
ty ; in greater degree. i^hakifpeare. 

^, Greater. ^^'-'^^• 

MORE. ad. 

X, To a greater decree. Macon, 

M O R 

2. The particle that forms the cotnpara- 
tivedegrepj as, wjre happy. Bjccn. 

3- Again j a fccond time. Tatler-, 

4. Longer J yet continuing j with the ne- 
gative particle. H bake/pear e, 

MORS. /. 

I. A greater quantity j a greater degree. 

a. Greater thing ; other thing. 'Locke, 

. 3. Second time j longer time. 

MORE'L. /. [Jolanum, Lat.j 

1. A plant. 

2. A kind of cherry. Mortimer, 
MO'RELAND. /. [mcjalanb, Saxon.] A 

mountainous or hilly country,: a trail of 
Staftordflirre is called the Morlaxds, 

MOREO'VER. /. [more and ever.] Be- 
yond what has been mentioned, 

Shakejpeare. PJalmSa 

MORGLA'Y. /. A deadly weapon. Airf, 

MORI'GEROUS. a, [ ffzor;^.'r«j, Latin. 'j 
Ooedient j obfequious. 

MORION./. [Fr.] A helmet; arm.oi^r 
for the head j a caique. Rakigbi 

MORI'SCO. /. [wm/«, Spanifli.] A dan- 
cer of the morris or moorifh dance. Shak. 

MO'RKIN. /. A wild beaft, dead through 
ficknefs or mifchance. Baiief. 

MO'RLING. 7 /. Wool plucked from a 

MO'RTLING. 5 dead (heep. Ainjivorth, 

MO'RMO. f. IfAopfxcH.] Bugbear J fahe 

MORN. /. [ marine, Saxon. ] The firft 
part of the day; the morning. Lee^ 

MORNIN^G. /. The firft part of the day, 
from the htil appearance of light to the 
end of the firft fourth part of the fun's 
daily cowr(e. Taylor. 

MO'RNING-GOWN. /. A loofe gown 
worn before one is formally drefl'ed, u^dd. 

MO'RNING-STAR. /. The planet Venus 
when fhe fhines in the morning. Sp?nfer. 

MOROSE, a. [morofus, Latin.] Sour of 
temper ; pcevilh ; fullen. JVattn 

MORO'SELY. ad. [from momje.'] Sour- 
ly ; peevifhly. Gov. of the Tongue. 

MORO'SENESS. /. [from m'.roje.] S.ur- 
nafs ; peevi Oinefs. IVattt, 

MORO'oITY. /. [worpA/aj,Lat.] Morofc- 
nefs ; fouruefs; peevirtinels. Clarendon. 

MO'RRIS. 7 /. [that is, moinjh 

MO'RRIS DANCE. J dance.] 

1. A dance in which bells are gingled, or 
flaves or fwords clafhed, which was learn- 
ed by the Mcors. 

2. ISHne mens Morris^ A kind of play 
with nine holej in the ground. iSbakrfpearc. 

MO'RRIS-DANCER./. [morrii and dance,] 
One who dances a la morejco, the moorifti 
dance. Temple^ 

MORPHEW. /. [morpbee, Fr.] A fcurf 
on the face. 

MO'RROW. /. [mojigen, Saxon.] 

3 I. The 

M O R 

», The day after the prefent Say. Coiuley. 
2, lo Morrow. O.'i th- day after this 
current day. ' I'rior. 

MORSE./. Afea-horfe. Broivn. 

MO'RSEL. /. [tnorfellus, lovvLitln.] 

1. A piece lie for the mjuth ; a mouthful. 


2. A piece J a meal. VEJira^ge. 

3. A fmall quantity. Bijyle. 
MO'RSURE. /. [moTjure, Fr. mJrfura, Lit] 

The ad of biting. 
MORT. /. [worte, Fr.] 

1. A tune founded at the death of the 
game. Hbah/peare. 

2. A great quantity. 
MO'RTAL. a. [mortalis, Lat.] 

1. Subject to death j doomed fometime to 
die. I Cor. 

2. Deadly; deftruclive j procuring death. 


3. Bringing death. Pope. 

4. Human; bclongiog to man. Mihon. 

5. Extreme j violent. Dryden. 
MO'RTAL. /. Man j human being. 

MORTA'I.ITY. /. [from morta\'\ 

I. Subjedion to death 3 ftate of a being 
fubjedl to death. Watts, 

1. Death. Shake pear e, 

3. Power of deftruflicn. Sbakifpeare. 

4. Frequency of death. Graunt. 

5. Human nature. Pope, 
MORTALLY, ad, [irom mortal. '\ 

I. Irrecoverably 5 to death. Dryden. 

1. Extremely ; to extremity, Granville. 
MO'P.TAR. /. {mortarium^ Lat,] 

1. A ftrong velfel in which materials are 
broken by being pounded with a peflle. 


2. A fhort wide cannon cut of which 
bombs ate thrown. GrarsoilU. 

MO'RTAR. /. \morttr, Dutch ; mortler^ 
French.] Cement made ef lime and fand 
with water, and ufed to join Ttones or 
bricks, Mortimer. 

MO'RTGAGE. /. [wor^anda^^e, French.] 

1. A dead pleJge j a thing put into the 
hands of a creditor. Arbutbnot , 

2. The fiatp rf being pledged. Bacon. 
To MORTGAGE, v. a. To pledge ; to 

put to pledge. Arbuthnot. 

MORTGAGE'S. /. [from wcr/^^^e.] He 

ihst takes or receives a mortgage. '^ItrnpL-, 
MO'RTGAGER. /. [itom mortgage. ~^ He 

that gives a fhortnege. 
MORTITEROUS."' ^. \_noTtif<r, Latin. ] 

rat'l ; deadly; deftruiHve. / llamrrrind. 
MORTIFlCA'TiON. /. [tr.ontfication, Fr.] 

1. The ftate of coiiuotiog, or loling the 
vital qualities ; gangiene. Milton. 

2. Defliuflion of adtive qualities. Bacon. 

3. The adi of fubduing the body by hard- 

M O S 

Alps and iraceratinns. Arhutbr'it» 

4. Humiliation j fiDJedion of rhe oafli- 
«ns- Ttliotjvn. 

5. Ve\-iti.-in; trouble. VEjtrun^e^ 
ToMO'RTIFY. i>.a. [worr/^r, Fr. J 

1. To leihoy v ul quaiiaes. 

2. To deftroy adivc p-Avers, or efl'ential 
<l"a''ti"- Bacon,. 

3. To fubdue inordinate p.'.flion?. 


4. To macerate or harrafs the boHy to 
complianc- with the mind, Broiunt 

5. To humble J to dcprefs j to vex. 

To MO'RTIFY. -v. r.. ^ 

1. To ganjjrene J to corrupt. Bacon, 

2, To oe lubdued j to die away. 
MO'RTISE. /. \,nortai\e, Fr.j A hole cut , 

into wocd that another piece rnay be put 
into it. Stahfpeare. Ray, 

To MO'RTISE. V. a. To cut with a mor- 
tife; to jom with a mortife. Drayton, 

MO'RTMAIN. /. [ morte and main, Fr. ] 
Such a ftate of poffeflion as makes tt una- 
lienable, ipenfer, 

MO'RTi-'AY./. [mortandpay.] Dead pay ; 
pivment not made. Bacon, 

MO'RTRESS. /. A difh of meat cf vari- 
ous kinds beaien together. Bacon, 

MO'RTUARY. /. [mortuaire, Fr, n-.crtua- 
riuni, Latin.] A gift left by a nun at his 
death to his parilh church, for the recom- 
pence of his pcrfonai tytbes and ofierings 
not duly paid. 

MOSA'iCK. a. [mojaique, Fr.] Mcfaick Is 
a kind of painting in fmall pebbles, cock- 
le?, and /hells of fundry cokursl Milton, 

MO'SCHAIEL. /. A phnt, 

MOSQUE./. [n.o;cbit, Turkilh.] A Ma- 
hometan temple, 

MOSS. /. [ mccf, Saxon. ] A plant. 
Though r:oJs was formerly luppct'eito be 
only an excrefcence produced from the 
eirth and trees, yet it is no lefs a perfeft 
plant than thofe of greater magnitude, 
having roots, flowers, and feeds, yet can- 
not be propagated from feeds by any art. 

To MOSS. V. a. [ from the noun. ] To 
cr ver With mofs. • i>hjk,fpeare. 

MO'SSINESS. /, [itomwoffy.-] The flats 
ct being covered or overgrown with mofs. 


MOSSY. <7. [from rra/j ] Overgrown with 
mofs. Pope, 

MOST. tf. the fuperlitive of worf. [mjtfr, 
Sax^ n.] Confifting of the greatelt num- 
ber j confiiling of the grcatcft quantity, 


MOST. ad. 

J. Th<r particle noting the foperlative de- 
gree j as, the moji incentive, Cheynr. 
4 L a. In 



z. In the greateft degree. 
MOST. /. 

I. The greateft number, Al<itfo". 

a. The greateft value. VEfirang'. 

3. The greateit degree } the greateft quan- 
tity. Bacon. 

MO'STICK. /. A paintex's ftaff. 

MO'STLY. aJ. [from wf.] For the ?,reat- 
eft part. Bacon. 

MO'STWHAT. /. [rnofl and whatr^ For 
the moil part. Hammond. 

MOTATION. /. - Aa of movirg. 
MOTE. /. [rnor, Saxon.] A fmall particle 
of matter j any thing proverbially little. 
MOTE for might. Spenfer. 

MOTH. /. [rno-5, Saxon.] A fmall winged 
infea that eats cloths and hangings. 

MOTHER. /. [mo^op, Saxon j tnoider, 

1. A v.'oman that has born a child ; cor- 
relative to fon or daughter. Shakejpeare. 

2, That which has prodqced a.iy thing. 

%. That which has preceded in time : as, 
a mother church to chapels. 

4. That which requires reverence and obe- 
dience, ^yl'ffe- 

5. Hyfterical paflion. Graw.t. 

6. A familiar term of addrefs to an old 

7. Mother in laiv. A hufband's or 
wife's mother. yJinfivoitb. 
2. [Moedery Dutch.] A thick fubftance 
concreting in liquors j the lees or fcum 
concreted. Dryden. 

MO'THER. a. Had at the birth j native. 

To MO'THER. v. n. To gather concreti- 
on. Dryden. 

MOTrtER of pearl. A kind of coarfe 
pearl j the fhell in which pearls are gener- 
ated. Hakciosll. 

MO'THERHOOD. /• [from mother.'] The 
office or chaiafter of a mother. Donne. 

MO'THERLESS. a. [from mother.l Defti- 
tute of a mother. Waller. 

MO'THERLY, a. Belonging to a mother j 
fuitable to a mother. Raleigh. 

MO'THERLY. ad. [from mother,'] In man- 
ner of a mother. Donne, 

MO'THERWORT. /. [ cardiaca, Laiin. ] 
A plant. Miller. 

MO'THERY. a. [from mother.'] Concret- 
ed J full of concretions ; dreggy j feculent: 
ufed of liquurs, 

MOTHMU'LLEIN. /. [ blattariay Latin. ] 
A plant. Miller. 

MO'THWORT. /. [ny^ib and wort.] An 

M O V 

MO'THY. a. [from moth.] Full of moths. 
MO'TION. /. [mctio,hzt.] 

1. The set of ch.:inging place. 

2. Manner of moving the body j port 5 
gaiv. Waller. 

3. Change of poflure J gftion. Dryden, 

4. Tendency of the mind j thought. 


5. Prcpofal made. Skahjpcare, 

6. ImpoiTe communicated. Dryden. 
To MOTION, nj. a. [from the noun.] To 


MOTIONLESS, a. [from motion.] Want- 
ing motion j being vv'ithout motion. 


MO'TIVE, a. [moti-vus, Lat.] 

I. Cauiing motion j having moment. 

z. Having the power to move ; having 
power to change place. Wtlkim. 

MO'TIVE. /. [motif, Fr.] 

I. That wh ch determines the choice; 
that which incites the adion. Sbak jpeare, 
Z- Mover, Shakeipeare. 

MO'TLEY, a. M.ngled of various colours, 
Shakfp:are. ' 

MO'TOR. /. A mover. B^oJvn. 

MO'TORY. a. [motctius, Latin.] Giving 
morion. R'y, 

MOTTO./. [ wo.'/o, Italian. ] A fen- 
tence added to a device, or pretixed to any 
' thing written. ^ddifon. 

To MOVE. -v. a. [moveo, L-it,] 

1. To put out of one place into another; 
to put in motion. Job, 

2. To give an impulfe to. Decay ofPiay. 

3. To prcpole j to recommend. Dj'vi s, 
A. To perfuade: to prevail en the mind. 


5. To aiTetl j to touch pathetically ; to 
Itir paiTicn. Shakefpeare, 

6. T-o make angry. Shakefpeare. 

7. To put ioto commotion. Ruth, 

8. To conduil regularly in motion. 

To MOVE. 1/. r.. 

I, To go from one place to another. 

Z. To walk ; to bear the body, Dryden, 

3. To go for w ud. Dryden. 

4. To change .he pofture of the body in 
ceremony. EJiher, 

MO'VEABLE. a. [from wot;^.] 

I. Capable of bemg moved ; not fixed ; 
portable. Addijon, 

z. Changing the time of the year. 


MOVEABLES. /. [meubles, Fr.] Goods ; 
furniture ; diftinguiAed from real or im- 
moveable pofleffions. Shakefpeare, 

MO»VEABLENE-vS. /. [ from moveable. ] 
Mobility; pofijbiiiity to be moved. 

M O U 

AlCyVEABLY. ad. [from rr.oveabL.] So 

-s ;; '....y be nriui.ed. Grtiu. 

JMO'VELESS a, Unmov'd j not to be put 

out (.1 'he place. Boyle, 

MO' V EM t NT. /. [mouvcmcnt, Fr.] 

J. Manner of moving. Pope. 

2. Motion. 
MO'VEN T. a, [mo-vens, Latin.] Movinc:. 

MO'VENT. /. [mo'vens, L^t.] Thnwh^ch 
moves another. Glanvilie. 

MO'VER. /. [from move.'] 

1. The perfon or thing that gives motion. 

2. Something that moves, or ftands not 
ftil). Dry den. 
3 A propofer. Bac.n, 

MO'V ING. fd'?. a. Pathetick ; touch- 
ing J adapted to affett the p.fiii)ns. 


MOVINGLY, a. [from moijirg.] Pathe- 
ticaily J in fuch a manner' as to leize the 
p-sJii.n.-:. Addijon, 

MGUGHT for might. 

MOULD./, [w.f^f/, SwediHi.] 

1. A kij;d > f concrerim on the top r.r out- 
Lide of things kepc motioulefs and damp. 


2. Earth J foil j ground in which any th;ng 
grows. Sandys, 

3. Matter of which any thing is made. 


4. The matrix in which any thing is caft j 
in vvhicn any thing receives its form. 


5. Caft J form. Prior. 

6. i Ge lucure or contexture of the Iku;!. 
To MOULD, nj. a. [fiom the noun, J To 

contract coiicreted matter ; to gilher 
TTi ' ■ cl. Bacon. 

To M yULD, V. a. To cover with mould. 

K nolle i. 

To MOULD. V. a. [fiom the noun,] 

1. To form j to fhape j to model. 


2. To knead : as, to mould bread, 
MO'ULJABLE. a. {horn mould.] What 

m'V be niouided. Bacon. 

MO'U.DER. /. [frcm miuld.] He who 

n M'UiO.s. 
ToMOUJ.DEA. o'. «. [hon) mould.] To 

be tunicu to du(t j to pcriih in duit, 

To MOULDER, [hommould.] To 

turn t.i duft. Pope. 

MO'ULDINESS. /. [from mouldy.] The 

lta:c of being mouldy. Baton. 

MO'ULDING. /. [ from mouJd. ] Orna- 

menra) cavities in wo. d ir itone. Mojc'^n. 
MO'ULDWARP. /. [ moi'D and pec ppan, 

Saion. j A m.ole ; a fmali animal that 

throws up the earth, M^uhon. 

M O U 

MOULDY. 5. [from OT3tt/i. ] Overgrown 
With concretions, Addijon, 

To MOULT. 1/. n. {inuyten, Dutch, j To 
/hed or change the feathers j to lofe fea- 
thers. Suckling, 

To MOUNCH. 7 ^ . c: . r 

MOUND./, [mun&ur, Saxon, to defend.] 
Any thing raifsd to fortify or defiind. 

Milt or. 

To MOUND, -v. a. [from the noun.] To 
f. 1 rifv with a mound. 

MOUNT. / {mmt, Lat.] 

1. A mountain j a hilJ. Dryden, 

2. An artificial hill raifcd in a garden, or 
other place. Knolles. 

3. A publick treafure ; a bank. Bacon. 
To MOUNT, v. n. [monterj Fr.] 

1. To rife on high. ' Shaktfpeare, 

2. To tower j to be built up to great ele- 
vation. y^t» 

3. To g?t on horfeback. Sbakefpeare. 

4. [For omouiH.] To rife in value.' Pope, 
To MOUNT, -v. a. 

1. To raile aloft ; to lift on high. 


2. To afcend ; to climb. D'yden. 

3. To place on horfeback, Dryden. 

4. To embelli/h with ornament*. 

5. To Mount guard. To do duty and 
watch at any particular poft. 

6. To Mount a cannon. To fet a piece 
on its wooden frame for the more cafy car- 
riage and management in firing it. 

MOUNTAIN./ [w:;r.'j?;(r;;f, French.] ^ 

large hiil j a val: protuberance of the earth, 


MO'UNT.AIN. a. [montanus, Latin.]'Found 
on the mountaV,.;, Shukcp are 

MOUNTAINEER./ [from mo:^n.'a!n.] 

1, An inhabitant of the mountains. 


2. A favage J a free booter j a ruftick. 

Ml It or. 
MO'UNTAINET. / [from mountain.] A 
hiiiock. Sidnev, 

MO'UNTAINOUS. a. [frcm mountain.] 

1. K.lly J full of mountain-^. Burnet. 

2. Large as mountains J hugej bulky. 


3. Inhabiting mounf^ain?. Bacon, 
MO'UNTAINOUSNESS. / [from mcun- 

lamcus,] Stale ot being full of mcun- 

^^'"s. Brereivood. 

MOUNTAIN- PARSLEY. / [^r,ofel,nuni, 

Ln.] A plant. 
MO'LNTAIN-ROSE. / [cbamarkodcden- 

drcn, Lit.] A plant. 
MO UNTANT. a. [mou'ans, Lat.] Rifing 

on high. Sbakefpeare. 

MO'UNTEBANK. / [ n^cntare m banco, 


4 La I. A 

M O U . 


T, A doftor tUat mounts a bench in the 
market, and boalts his infallible remedies 
and cures. Huaih-a!, 

2. Any boaflful and falfe pretender. 

To MO'UNTEBANK. v. a. [ fio'^i the 
noun.] To cheat by falfe boafts cr pre- 
tences, iihakefpeare, 

MO'UNTENANCE. /. Amount of a thing. 

S^^ infer. 

MOUNTER./. [fromJKianr] Oneih^t 
mounts. Drayton. 

MO'UNTY. /. [woB^eV,] Th-^ rife 
cf a hawk. Sid/Jty, 

To MOURN, [mxijxnan, Saxon, j 
I. To grieve j to be forrowful. Baco^. 
a. To wear the habit oi Corrow, - Pope. 
3. To pieferve appearance of grief. 

2 Sam. 

To MOURN, -y. a. 

1. To gr eve for; to lament. ^ddijon. 

2. Tu utter in a forrowful manner. 


MOUp:.NE. /. [wor;?:-, French.] The round 
end of a ftafi'j the' part of a lance to which 
the lieel part is fixed. Sidney. 

MO'URNER. /. [irom mo'.rn.'] 

1. O.e that mourns j one that grieves. 


2. One who follows a funeral in black. 


3. Something ufed at funeral?. Dryden. 
MO'URWFUL. a. [mourn 2.nA full.'] 

I. Having the appearance of "forrow. 

Z. Caufing forrow. Shakejpeare, 

3. Sorrowful } feeling forrovy. Prmr. 

4. Bc^tokening forrow j expreflive of grief. 

MO'URNFULLY. ad. { from mourvfu'. ] 
S ri-ov.f'iliy i with forrow. Sh:jke!peare. 
MO'URNFULNE.SS. /. [from mournful.^ 

1. S; rrow ; grief. 

2. Sh woffenef; appearance of forrow. 
MO'URNING.' /. [from m.urn,] 

I. Ldmentatio). ; forrow. 2 Efdras. 

a. The drefs of forrow. Dryden. 

MO'URNINCLY. ad. [ from mourmng. ] 

With ihe appearance of furrowing. 

M<3USE. plural w«. /. [m^^y, Sxon. ] 

Th'' fmalleft of all beafts ; a little animsi 

haunting houfes and corn held;. Derham. 
T MOUSE. -y. ». [from the noun.] ^ To 

C3t<n mijrc Shkfjpeare. 

MO U: Ef it^ISfT /. [moiije and bura ] MfttrU 

er 5 one '')<t hunts mice, Shak'fpfare. 

MO'USE HOLE. /. Imcuje and hole.] Small 

hole. Siiluriiijieet. 

MOUSER. /. [ f^'-m «'"/f« J 0^^= ^^.^^3^ 

MO'USETAIL. /. An herb. 

MO'USE-TRAP. /. {moufe and trap.} A 
fnare or. gin in which mice are taken. 


MOUTH. /. [muiS, Saxon.] 

I. The apertuiein the head of any ani- 
mal at which the food is received. Locke, 
1. Thecpenmgj that at which any thing 
enters J the entrance. Arbuthnot. 

3. The irifhument of fpeaklng. 


4. A fpeaker j a rhetorician j the p.-m- 
cipal era It r. y'lddifon, 

5. C'y J voice. Drydm. 

6. Di.O^ortion of the mouth J vvry face. 


7. Doivn in the Mouth, Dejedfed j 
clouded. U Efiian^e. 

To MOUTH. 'V. n. [frem the noun-] To 
fpeak big ; to fpeak in a flrong aad loud 
voice ; to vociferate. A^dijon, 

To MOUTH. V. a. 

1. To utter with a voice afFe<^edly big. ,^ 

Shakrjpeare, s^ 

2. To chew 5 to eat, Hhakejpeare. i-. 

3. To feize in the mouth, Dryden. 

4. To form by the mouth. Broivn,^ 
MO'UTHED. a. [from mouth.'] Furnifli- 

ed with a mouth. Pope. 

MO'UTH-FRieND. /. [mouth and/m«^.] 

One who profeffes friendihip without in- . 

tending it. Shakefpeare^ 

MO -VT il^\Jh. f. [mouth znA full.] "^ 

1. What the mouth contains at oner, ^ 

2. Any proveibialiy fmall quafitity. 

MO'UTH- HONOUR. /. [mouth and ho. 

nour] Civility outwardly cxpfcffed v;ith. 

out fincerity. Shakefpeare. 

MO'UTHLEoS. a. [from mouth,] Without 

a mouth. 
MOW. /. [mope, Saxon, a heap.] A loft 

or chamber where hay or corn is laid up» 

' Tufer. 

To MOW. V. a. preter, mouoed, part. n:o%on, 

[map^n, Sdxon,] 

1. 'I'o cut with a fcythe. Spenfer, 

2. To cut down with fpeed and violence, 


To MOW. v. a, [from the noun.] Toput 

in a mow. 
To MOW. -v. n. To gather the harveft. 

MOW. /. [moii, Fr.] Wry mouth 5 dif- 

rortei face. Cm^r-on Prayer, &ha^eji.eare. 
To MOW. v. r, [ from the ncun. j To 

make mouths j to diftort the face. 

To MO'WBURN. v. n. [mow and '^um.] 

To ferment and heat in the mow fcr want 

of being dry. Mo'iimer, 

MO'WER. /. [from wcw,] One who cuts 

with a fcythe. Sbak''-peare^ 


M U C 

MO'XA. / An Indian nofs, ufed in the 
cure oi the gout by burning it on the part 
aggrieved. Tempte. 

MO YLE. /. A mule ; an apimaJ generated 
between the horfe and the afs. 

Carfw. Miiy. 

Mb'CH. a. [ mucho, Spanifti. j Large in 

t^uanlitj' j long in tinDC J many in nunr^er. 


MUCH. afl. 

1. In a great degree ; by far. lih. 

2. To a certain degree. Mark. 

3. To a great degree. Bike', 
4 Often, or long. Gro-v He. 
5. Nearly. Tcn.fh. 

MUCH. /. 

I. A great deil ; multitude in rumHer ; 
abundance in quantity. D'ydtn. 

-2. More than enough j a heavy fervice or 
burthen. A^ ill on. 

3. Any aflknable quantity or degree. 

4. An uncommon thing; fomething 
Itrangf. Tdhtfcr. 

5. lo make Much of. To treat w:»h re- 
gard J to foniiie. ' S.'J'-ey. 

MiJCH 'Jf one. Ot equal value j of e'^ual 
inrtiisnc*, D'-ydcn. 

MU'CnWKAT- ad, [ nMch and ".vhat. ] 
Nedriy. y^tterbwy, 

MI/CHEL. a. [I r muckk or mick e. [my- 
cel, S-xon.] Much. Sperjer. 

MUCID. /. imucid'js, Lar.-j Sl^my; n-u>y. 

MU'CIDNESS./. Iftcm mucid.] Sliminels ; 
muiTJnefs. ^linfivorcb. 

MU'CILAGE. /. [nucl/jge, Fren;b.] A 
flimy or vifcous body ; a boay w tb moif- 
tnre fufnctent to hoM it together, Evjyn, 

1VIUC1L ACINOUS, a. [mucil gir.>-ux^ Fr. 
from m'iilage. J Slimy j vncous ; fofc 
with forrre degree of tendcity. Gmv. 

MUCiL A'CIN'OUSNE-S. j. [from muci- 
/i/jj/fjo-vf. j S'limmefs ; vifcofity, 

MUCK. /. [mcox, Saxon.] 

I. Dung for manure of grounds. 

Z, Any thing low, mem, and filthv. 

3. To run a Muck, fignsfies, to rt:n mad- 
ly and attack all that we meet. Dryden, 
To MUCK. "v. a. To manure with mu- k j 
to dung. Tvjf-r, 

MU'CKENDHR. /. [wjuc^orV, French, j A 
handler: hief. Do'jet. 

To MU'CKER. 'V. n. To fcrambie for mo- 
ney ^ to hoard up. 
MU'CKERER. /. [from micker.'\ One that 

MU'CKHILL. /. [muck and bill.] A dung- 

hil. Burlcn, 

MUCKINESS. /. [from mucky.] Ndfyuefsj 

. M U F 

MU'CKLE. a, [mycel, Saxcn.] Much. 
MU'CKSWEAT. /. Profufe fweat. 
MU'CKWORM. y. [murk and iv^m.] 

1, A worm that lives in dung. 

2. A mifer ; a curmudgeon. Swiff, 
MU'CKY. a. [from7n:/cit.J Nafly j fiithy. 


MUCOUS, a. [mucofus, Latin.] ; Brown, 

MU COUSNESS. /. [from mucous.] SJimcj 

MUCRO. f. fL^rin.] A r) 'int. Br^tvn. 

MU'CRONA'l ED a. [v:ucro, Latin.] Nir- 
r'.>weri to a (harji point. ^l^oouzcarj. 

MU'CULENT. a. [from mucus, Lat.J V.f- 
co'i? ; llimy. 

ML'CUS. f. [Latin.] Is moft properly ufcd 
.Jor that which flows from the papil,arr 
proceiies through the os criorifoime xrxn 
the n oflrils ; but it k alfo ufcd for gr.y /li- 
my liquor or moifture. A huti vof, 

MUD. /. [m^ddir, Dutch.] T he flme and 
uiigmous matter at tae bottoca of fliJI wa- 
ter. yJddlfon, 

To MUD. -v. a. [fro«n thencun.] 

1. To bury in the flime or nAid. 


2. To mrike turbid j to pollute with dirr, 

MUDDILY. flrf. [hom muddy.] Tuioid. 

Iv ; with fuui mixture. Drydeti, 

MU'DDINE,.S. /. [from muddy.] Tarbid- 

refs J fouf^nefs caufed by m.ud, dregs, or 

Ifd^enr. Addtjo'r, 

To MU'DDLE. -v, a. [from mud.] 

1. To make turbid j to foul. Prior. 

2. To make half drunk j to cloud or Au- 
Pify- Jrbuthnot, 

MU'DDY. a, [from mud ] 

1. Turb.d J foul With mud. Sbjkejpearei 

2. Impure i dark J grofs. Sbaiefpearc; 

3. Soiled with mud, Dryden. 

4. Djrk ; no: bright. Sivift. 

5. C;nL'dy ; dull. Sbakefpiare. 
To MU'DDY. -v. a, [from mud.] To make 

muody ; 10 cloud j to difturb. Greiu 

MU^SUCKER. /. [mud and fuck.] • A fea* 

^"'•^•'- ' DrioK, 

Ml'DW'A'LL. /. [»3«iand wj//,] A wall 

biiilt without mortar. Soucb 

MUDWA'LLED a. [mudaaiwaU.] Hav.l 

ing a mudwiii. Prior, 

To MU2. -v. a. [muer, Fr.] To mcult; 

to change feathers. 
MUFF, y: [m.v/, Swcdifli.] Afoftcover 

for ti,- hands in winter. ' LUaveland, 

To MUFFLE. V. a, 

1. To cover from the weather. Dryden^ 

2. 1 biin-ifo.'d. S bah f pear 0„ 

3. T>' • i.'ictal J to involve. Handys, 
To MUFFLE. -v.T,. [mafeler, moffrler, 

Dutch. ] To fpeak inwardly j to fpcak: 

M U L 

without clear and diftinft articulation. 

IVIU'FFLER. /. [from muffi,.] 

1. A cover for tha face. Arbuthnot, 

2. A part of a woman's drefs by which 
the face was covered. Shdkejpsare, 

MUFTI. /. [a Turki/h w6rd.j The high 

prieftof the Mahometans. 
r.IUG. /. A cup to drink in. Gay, 

MU'GGY. 7 c. [a cant word.] Moift j 
MU'GGISri. 5 damp ; mouldy. Mortim, 
MU'GKOUSE. /. Imug ixA houje,-\ An 
alehoufe 3 a low houfe of entertainment. 
MU'GIENT. a. [mugicns, Latin.] Bellow- 
ing. Brcnvfi, 
MVlATIO. f. [Spanifli.] One begot bs- 

tween a white aiid black.. 
MU'LBERRY. 7 ^ r u c 1 

MUXBERRY tree. S /• ["^''n^^r-iS, Sax.] 
MULCT* /. [mulSia, Latin.] A Er.t j a pe- 
nalty : uled cammonly of pecuniary penal- 
ty. Dry den. 
To MULCT, -v. a, [ mulao, Latin. ] To 
punifh with fine or torfeiturc. Bacon, 
MULE. /. [tiiulc, Fr. mula, Lat.] An animal 
generated between a he afs and a mare, or 
fomecimes between a horfe and a fhe afs. 

MULETE'ER. /. {muletier, French.] Male- 
driver ; hcrfe-boy. Slckejfeare, 
MULIEBRITY. j\ [«a-yc3r/i,Laiin.j Wo- 
manhood J the contrary to virility. 
To MULL. "v^a. \_n.ollitus,'Lzt\n.[ 

1, To foften, as wine whcij burnt and 
Iweetened. Sha'^-rffiiire, 

2. To heat any liquor, and fweeien and 
fpice it. Gay* 

MU'LLAR. /. \mouhur, French,] A ftone 
held in ihe hand with which any powder 
is ground upon a horizontal flone, 


MULLE'IN. /. [-vethnfcumy Latin.] A plant. 

MULLET. /. [n.ulus, French.] A fea fiO). 

MULLi'GRUBS /. Twifling of the guLs. 


MU LLO JK. /. Rubbifli. ./iinfivorth. 

MULSE. /. Wine boiled and mingled with 

honey. £>«??. 

MULl'A'NGULAR. a. [multus^nd ar-gulus, 

L^tin.J Ma.jy cornered j having many cor- 

■ ners j polyg nal. 

MULTA'VGULARLY. ad. [from multar.- 

gular.l F-ji};;on-\lJy i with many corners, 

G e'zv. 
MUTA'x^GULARNESS. /. [from multan- 

gu/ar.] The ftate of being pui^gonal. 
MULTICA'PSULAR. «. [m.lcusand capfula, 
Latin.] Divided into many partitions or 

M U L 

MULTICA.'VOUS. a. [mu!(us and cavu!^ 

Latin.] Full of iioles. 
MULTIFA'RIOUS. a. [mu/iifarius, Lat.] 

FJaving great multiplicity j having diiferent 

refpeas. More. E'vel-^n, 

MULTIFA'RIOUSLY. ad. [from multffa- 

nous.] With multiplicity. Benljey. 

MULTIFA'RIOUSNESS. /. [from mt^hifa- 

rious.j IVIukipiied diverfuy. Noms. 

MULT1TIJ30US. a. [?««/;?y?<iw, Latin. ] 

Having many parlltions j cltlt into many 

branches. B^oicn. 

MU'LTIFORM. a. [ multiformh, Latin. ] 

Having various fliapes or appearances. 

MULTIFO'RMITY. /. [muInforwt!,Ln.] 

Divertity of ihapcs or appearances fublift- 

ing in the f-ame thing, 
MULTILA'TERAL. a. [multus znAiatera- 

lis, Latin.] Having many fidef. 
MULTFLOQlUOUS. a. [multiIo<^uus,Liti.] 

Very talkative. 
MULTING'MINAL. a. [multusandnomen, 

Latin.] Having manv name*;. 
MULTl'PAROUS. /.' [mu/tiparus, Litin.] 

Bringing many at a birth. Brozvn. 

MULTiPi:'DE. /. [multipeda,hit\n.'] An 

infeit vk'ith many feet. ' Bailey. 

MU'LTIPLE.. df. [multiplex yh-ilm.] A term 

in arithmetic^, when one number contains 

another feveral times: as, nine is the wa/- 

tip!e of three, containing it three times. 
MU'LTI PLIABLE, a. Itnuldpfiatk, Fri 

from muitipiy.'\ Capable to be multiplied. 
MULTJFLI'ABLENESS. /. [hommuhipH' 

ahh-l Capacity of being multiplied. 
MULTIPLICA'BLE. a. [from muitiplico, 

Latii).] Capable of being arithineticaily 

MULTIPLICA'ND j. lnjuiiiplicandus,Ut.} 

The number to be multiplied in arithme- 
tic k. Cocker. 
MULTIPLICA'TE. /. [from muhip'ico, 

Latin.] Coiiiifting of more than one. 

MULTIPLICA'TION. /. Imuhiptuacto, 


1. The a£l of multiplying or increafing any 
rjuir;ber by addition or produdtion of more 
of die fjir.c icHid. Erown. 

2. [In aiithmetick.] The incre^fiog of 
any one number by another, fo often as 
tht.e are units in that number, by which 
tne one :s inc-ej-fed. Cocker., 

MULriPLICA'TQ]^. /. [from muhiplico^ 

Latin.] The number by which anwther 

number is multiplied. 
MULTI - LI'CITY. /, [multip Hcile', French .] 

I. More than one of the fame kind. 


■3,. State of being many. Dryden. 

MULTIPLI'CIOUS. /. [multiplex, Latin.] 

Manifold. Brown, 


M U M 

MULTIFLI'ER. /. [from »2i///;».] 

I. One who rcultiplies or increa/ics the 
number of any thing. D-cay of Fiety, 

a. The muuiplicdior in arithmctick. 


To MU'LTIPLY. v. a. [>ru!nfHrc, Latin.] 

1. T.> incre;ile in number; to make more 
by generation, accuniulation, or addition. 


2, To perfnrm the procefs of arithmetical 
multiplication. Broivn. 

To MU'LTIPLY. V. n. 

X To grow in number. WifJ. 

2. To increjfe rhemfclves. Sbaiefpeare. 
MULTI'POTENT. a. [muL'us and pofens, 

Latin.] J-Living manif^Jd power. Sbaktjp. 
MLJLTIPRE'SENCE. /. [multus and pru:. 

Jertij, Latin.] The power or aft of being 

prel'ent in more places than one at the 

lame tinnt'. Hall. 

MULTI'SCIOUS, a. [wulrijcius, Latin,] 

Having variety of knowlcfige. 
MULTISlLI'OyOUS. a. [ir.uUvi snA JUi- 

qua, Latin.] The fame with cornicuJate : 

ufed of plants, whofe feed is contained in 

many diflinft feed- veffcls. 
MU'LTITUDE. /. [mu'.titudo, Latin.] 

I. The ftate of being many j the ftate of 

being more than one. 

z. Number ; many ; mere than one. Hak, 

3. A great number \ loofely and indefinite- 
Jy. Watts. 

4. A crowd or throng j the vulgar. 

MULTITU'DINOUS. a. [from »:.v/:/Va^e.] 

1. Having the appearance of a multitude. 


2. Manifold. Sbakejpeare, 
MULTI'VAGANT. 7 a. ^viuhiiagui, Lat.] 
MULTI'VACOUS. ^ That wanders or 

Itrays much abroad. 

MULTI'VIOUS. a. [wK/r«andr/j, Lat.] 
Having mdny ways j manifolo. 

MULTO'CULAR. <j. [wultus and oculus, 
Litin.] Having more eyes than two. 


MUM. interjeB. A word denoting prohibi- 
tion to fpejk ; flience ; hufh. Hudibras, 

MUM. /. [mumt7:e, German.] Ale brewed 
with wheat, Mortimer, 

To MU'MBLE. v.Ji. [mompehn, Dutch.'] 

1. To fpeak inwardly J >.o grumble j to 
mutter. Shakefpearc. 

2. To chew J to bite foftly. Dryden, 
To MUMBLE. V. a. 

1. To utter with a low inarlkulate voice, 


2. To mouth gently. Pope. 

3. To flubber over j to fupprefs j to utter 
im perfectly. Dry den. 

MU'MBLER. /. [f vom mumble.] One that 
fpeiks inarticulately j a mutterer. 

MUMBLINGLY. ^a. [from mumblirg,1 
Wuh inafticuiate utterance, 

M U N 

To MUMM. V. a. [mumme, Danish.] Ta 
mifk J to frolick in difguife. Spenj'er, 

MU'MMER. /. [mumrre, Dinirti.] A mafk- 
erj one whii perr' frJicks in a perfo- 
nated drels. Milton, 

MU'iMMfKY. /. [wofrrr/V, French.] Ma/k- 
ing j frdick in m Iks J to iery. Bacon, 

MU'MMY. f, [mumii^ Fr. rr.umea, Latin j 
lium the Arabitk.j 

1. A dcail body prefervcd by the Egyptian 
art of emb.injing. Bacon, 

2. Mummy is ufed among gardeners for a 
fort of wax ufed in the planting and graft- 
ing of trees. Chambers. 

ToMUMl'. -v.a. [«o«2^f///7, Dutch.] 

1. To nibble j to bi.c quick j to chew with 
a continued njotion. Ot%uav, 

2. To talk low and quick. 

3. {l^ cant language,] To go a begging. 
MU'MPER. /. ABeggir. 

MUMl'S. /. [mompeUn, Dutch.] Sullennefs j 
filenc anger. Srinner, 

MUMPS. J. The fquinancy. j^injivortb. 

To MUNCH, -v. a. [wj^^^r, French.] To 
chew by great m.outhful?. Sbakefpiare. 

To MUNCH, v.n. To chew eagerlv by 
f r.'£t mouthful?. Dr'fden 

MUNCHEK. /. [irommuncb.] One that 

M.UND, /, Peace, from which our lawyers 
call a breach uf the peace, mundbrech : io 
Eacimund is happy peace ; ^thelmund, 
noble peace j /Elmund, all peace. Gibfon, 

MUNDA'NE. a. Imundanus^Ln.] Belong- 
ing to the world. GlanvWe 

MUNDA'TION. /. [mu::dus, Latin.] Thi 
2(fl of deanfing. 

MUNDA'TORY. a. l^rom mundus, hit.! 
Having the power to cleanfe. 

MU'NDICK. /. A kind of marcafue or fc- 
mimetal found in tin mines. 

MUNDIFICA'TION. /. [mundus and facio, 
Lanr:.] Cleanfing any body. i^uincv 

MUNDITICATIVE. a. [n.urJus znTfacio, 
Latin.] Cieanfing ; having the power to 
cleanfe. Brczvn, 

To MU NDIFY. -v. a. [mundus and facio, 
Latin.] To cleanfe J to make clean. 


MUNDIVAGANT. a. [mundiga-vus, Lat. J 
Wandering through the world, 

MUNDU'NGUS. /. Stinking tobacco. 


MU'NERARY. a. [f^om munus, Latin,] 
Having the nature of a gift. 

MUNGREL, /. Any thing generated be- 
tv.-een different kinds; anything partak- 
ing of the qualities of different caui'es or 
P^ents, Sbakefpearc, 

MU'NGREL. a. Generated between diffe- 
rent natures j bafe-bornj degenerate. 


MUNICIPAL, a. [mun':cipa!i!,hn\n.] Be- 

longing to a cofpcracion, Dryden. 


M U R 

MUNFFICENCE. /. [munl/lcema, Lnio.] 
Libprality j the att of giving. Addifon. 

^UNI'FICENT. a, [mumficus.hriUn.] Li- 
heril ; generous. Atterbury. 

-lUNrFlCENTLY. od. [from mur:ifi.ent.] 
Liberally j geflerouny, 

/lU'NIMENT. /. [nnniwentum, Latin.] 

1. Fortification ; ftrorg hold. 

2. >upport ; defence. 

oMUNITE. f. a. [munio, Latin.] To for- 
tifv j to ilreijgthen. A word not in ufe. 
klUNI'TION. /. [iimnUlo, Latin.] 

1. Fortification ^ ftrong hold. Ha/e. 

2. AmnnunitioH j materials for war. Fairi 
■lU'NNION. /. Munnions are the upright 

j pofls, that divide the lights in a window 
I frame. Mcxon. 

MU'RAGE. /. [from murm, Lat.] Money 

paid to keep wills in repair. 
/MURaL. a. [mura/is, Lat.] Pertaining to 
/ a wall. E-oelyn. 

M U^R DEx^. /. [mr;iSn|T, Saxon.] The aft 
of killing a maii unlawfully, Shukefpenre. 
To MU'RDER. v. a. [from the nouo. j 

1. To kill a man unlawfu'ly. Dryden, 

2. To deftroy j to put an end to. 

MU'RDERER. /. [from warier.] One who 

has filed human blood unlawfully. Sidney, 
MU'RDERESS. /. [irom murderer.] A wo- 
man that commits murder. Dryd-n. 
AIU'RDERMENT. /. [from murder.] The 

aft of killing unlawfully. 
MU'R.DEROUS. a. Bloody ; guilty of mur- 

der. ^hakejfjcare. Prior. 

MURE. /. \mur, Fr. murui, Lat.] A wall. 

Not in ufe. Shake'peare. 

To MURE. v. a. To indofe in wails. 

MU'RENGER. /. Imurus^ Latin.] An 

feer of a wall, 
MURIA'TICK. a. Partaking of the taile 

or nature of brine. Arhuthmt, 

MURK. /. \moik, DaniHi.] Darkntfs ; want 

of light. Shakefpeare, 

3V1URK. /. Hufks of fruit. Ainj^vorth. 
MU'RKY. a. Imorck, Danilh. J Dark; 

cioudv ; wanting i.ghr. Addifon. 

MU'RMUR. /. Imurmur, Latin.] 

I. A low fhrill noife. Pope. 

1, A complaint half fupprefTed. Dryden. 
To MU'RMUR. -v.Ti. [murn:uro,L:iUn.} 

I. To give a low fhrili found. Pope, 

a. To grumble j to utter fecret difcontent, 

MU'RMURER. /. [from trurmur.] One 
who repines 5 a grumbler ; a repiner. 

Go-v. of (be Torgue. Blackmore. 
MU'RNIVAL. /. Four cards. 
MURRAIN. /. The plague in cattle. 

MURRE. /. A kind of bird, Carc^i\ 

M U S 


Fr. morelloy Italian 5 

tmm moro, a moor.] Dnkly red; BoyUi, 

MU'RRION. /. [often written morion.] A 
helmet : 'a cafque. King, 

MUKTH of Corn. f. Plenty of grain. 
■ MU'SCADEL. 7 a. [mujcat, mufcade!, Fr. 

MU'SCADINE.5 mofcatelio, Italian.] A 
kind of fweet grape, Iweet wine and-fvveet 

MU'SCLE. /. {mufcle, Fr. mufcuks, Latin.] 
I. Mufcle is a bundle of thin and parallel 
plates of fi -fiiy threads or fibres, inclofed by 
one commoii membrane : all the fibres of 
the fame plate are parallel to one anctherj 
and tied together at extremely little dif- 
tances by fhort gnd tranfverfe fibres : the 
flefhy fibres are compofed of other fmalltr 
fibres, inclofed likewife by a common mem- 
brane : each ItfTt-r fibre confifis of very 
fmall veficles or bladders, into which we 
fuppofa the veins, arteries and nerves to 
open. ShtiKcy, 

1. A bivalve fhell fifh. Eakcimlh 

MUSCO'SITY. /. [rmfco^ut, Latin.] Mof- 

MUSCULAR, a. [from wa/«//:^J, Latin.] 
Performed by mufcbs. Arbuthnot. 

MUSCULARITY./, [from mufcular.] The 
ftate of having mufclcs. Greiv» 

MU'SCULOUS. a. {jnujcuUux, Fr. mujcu- 
lofui. Lit in.] 

I. Full of raufcles J brawny, 
2 Pertaining to a mufcle. More, 

MU^E. /. [from the verb.] ^ 

1. Deep thought j clofe attention ; abfence 
of mind. Milton, 

2. The power cf poetry/ ^, Coivky* 
To MUSE. -v. ». [mufer, Fr.] 

1. To ponder ; 10 think clofe j to fiudy in 
filence. Hooker, 

2. To be abfent of mind. Shake.p-are, 

3. To wonder ; to be amazed. Sbakefp, 
MU^SEFUL a. [from /k"/^.] Deep thinkmg. 


MU'SER. /. [from mufe.] One whomufesj 

one .-?pt to be abfent of mind. 
MU'SET./. [i.T hunting.] The place through 

which the hare goes to relief. BaiUy, 

MU SEUM, /. [/-Jt.-c-a'.cv.] A repofjtory of 

learned cnriofities. 
MU'SHPn-OOM. /. [moufc/jeron, French.] 

1. Mifhrocms are by curious naturaiifts 
efleemed prrfeirb plants, though their fl'jw- 
ers and feedi have not as yet been difco- 
vered, Milhr, 

2. An upftart j a wretch rifcn from the 
dunghill. Bacon. 

MU'SHROOrv^STONE. /. [i?,uproom uni. 

fione.] A kind of f..iril. 
MUSTCK. /. {fj,3ai-A.rl.] 

1. The fcience of harinonical founds. 

Dry den, 

2, Inftrumsntalorvo&al harmony. Milton. 


M U S 

MU'SICAL. a. [mujical, Fr. from mufick.] 

X. Hdrmonious 3 mei^di 

fweet fo 11 nd- 


Belonging to mufick. AUiif'"!' 

MU'ilCALLY. ad. [from mufica'.] Har- 

moniouny J with fwcet fjuwd. A'hLfon, 

MU'SICALNESS. /. [^(wm muficaL] Har- 

MUSICIAN./. [w«/rtt.', Latin.] One /kil- 
led in harnjo/iy j one who pertoims upon 
inftriimenrs of mufick. Bacon. 

MUSK. /. imujcbio, Italian } mu^, French. J 
Ma/J: is a dry, light and friable fubilance 
of a da k blackifli colour, with fome tinge 
of a purpiuh or blood colour in ir, feeling 
fomev\hjf fmooth or unttu' us : irs fmcil 
is highl, perfumed: it is brcughc frcm the 
Eill I/idies : the animal which produces it 
is of the fize uf a cotrmon goat. /////. 

MUSK /. lm,.fcj,Lztin.] Cape hyacinth 
or t;rape fi-wer. Mtlitr. 

MU'SKAPPLE. /. A kind of apph. 

MU'SKCAT. /. [mujk and cat.] The ani- 

mai from which mufk is gor. 
MU'SKCHERRY. /. A knt of cherry. 
MU'SKET. /. [mu^'^jutt, Fiench.J 

J. A foldie.'s hjndgun. Bacon. 

a A male hiwk of a fmnH kind, Slaieif. 

MUSKETE'ER. /. [from trujkci.] A l.,.oifr 

whofc weapon is his muiket. Ci-irerdon. 

MU KETO'ON. /. [moujquetcn,?:tnch.] 

.-i biu.-derbufs ; a /hortgun of a large bote. 

MU'SKINESS. /. [ixommufK.} The fcent 

of n.- fk. 
MUSKMELON. /. [mi^Jk and m-f/cn.] A 
f ajr.-nc m Ion. Bac^rt. 

MU'SKPEAR. /. {mujk and fear.] A fra- 

jiranr p- t. • 
MUSKROSE. /. [m^/andro/>.] A rofe fo 
caiieu, 1 fuppofe, from its fragrance. 

Bacon. Milton. Boyle. 
MU'SKY. a. [from mujk.] Fragrant ; (weec 
if !(.ent. M.lton, 

MU'oLlN. /. A fine fluff made of cotton. 

MU'SROL /. [waW^ French,] Thenofe- 
bar.d of a horfc's bridle. BaiUy, 

MUSS. /■. A Scramble. Shahp-are, 

MUSblTA'TlON. /. \rnuJJito, Lat.J Mur- 
mur ; grumble. 
MU'bSULMAN. /. A Mahometan believer. 
MUST, 'vcrbtrrperfeii. [muffn, Dutch.] 
To be obliged. It is only ufed bcff re a 
verb. Muji is of all perfons and tenfes, 
and ufed of perfons and things. Gniv, 

MUST. /. Imu/ium, Latin.] New wine j 
new wort. DryJer. 

To MUST. V. a. [miusy Welfh,] 
To mould ; to make mouldy. Mortimer, 
To MU.sT. V. n. To grow mouldy, 
MU^TA'CHES. /. [mujiacbes, Fr.] Whi/k- 
crs J hair on the upper lip, ^^pcftr. 

M U T 

MUSTARD. /. \mivjlafd, Weifh ; moujlard, 
French.] A pldnt. The fl wer conrii's of 
four leaves, which are placed in form tf a 
creft. S-u'ift. 

To ML'STER. -v. n. To aflemble in order 
to form an army, Blackmore. 

To MU'STER. v. a. {moufieren, Dutch.] 

1. To review forcer.^ 

2. To bring together. Shak-fp. TVoodiL\ 
MUSTER. /. [from the verb./ 

1. A review of a bfdy offerees. B.ychr. 

2. A regider of forces muftcred. South. 
3- A ci>]le<f>ioi): ay, a rr.ujur of peacocks. 
4. To p7fs Mv ST EK. To be allowed. 


MU'STERBOOK. /. [f?:uj};r and look.] A 
boi.k in vvhah 'he fortes are r< g:ftered. 

^h .k f pea re. 

MU'STERM ASTER. /. [muflfr^n^ m'./.,.] 
One v\ho fuperintends ine mufter to pre- 
vent frauds. fCri'L'es. 

MU'STliR-ROLL. /. [mu/icr znd roi .] A 
reg ({er of forces. Fope. 

MC'SITLY. ad. [frommujly.] Mouldily. 

Mu'STlNESS. /. [from wt-y?;'.] Mould; 
damp f iiinef?. Ev:lyn. 

MU'STY, a. [from mufi.] 

I. Mwuldy } fj;uilea with darsp j moift and 
fetid. ' Bacor, 

7. Srale J fpoiled with age, Hafvty. 

3. V pid with fetidnet's. Pftf, 
4 Dull j heavy ; wac.ting activity ; want- 
ing practice in the occurences of life.^fcn, 

MUTABILITY. /. [^K.'<;/./7/>/, French.]' 

I. Changeablenels J not c ntinuance in the 

fame Hate. Hooker. Su:JiI:ng. S'iJlingf,eeu 

z. Inconftancy j change of mind. Hhakefp, 

MU'TABLE. ^'. [mutabuii, Latin.] 

1. Sjbie£l to change ; alterable. South, 

2. loconflant ; unfettled. Shakcfp, Milt, 
MU'TABLENESS. /. [ fom mutable! ] 

Changeat.feaels J uncertainty. 
MUTATION. /. [wi*r^r/'.n, French ; r?«- 

f.7r;o, L<itin,J Change J alteration. B.jcok. 
MUTE. a. [mutt, Fr. n.utus, Latin.] S.l«iot j 

not vocal j not having the ufc of voice. 

MUTE, r, 

1. One that has no power of fpeech, 


a. A letter which can make no found. 

To MUTE, v.n, [»:«r/>, French.] To dung 

a.'; birds. Tpb. 

MU'TELY. ad. [ftom mute.] Silently ; not 

vocaiiy. M-.Iton. 

To MUTILATE, v. a. [mu tiler, French ; 

ir.ut.h, Latin.] To deprive of fome ellen- 

ti-<I p<rt. yiddifon. 

MUTiLA'TlON /. {mutilation, Fr. mutt. 

hii:o, Lutin.] DcpriviCionof a limb, or any 

clTential part. Clarendon, 


M y R 

HU'TINE. /, [mutirtt French,] A muti- 
neer. _ Shakefpeare. 
MUTINEER, /. [from mutir, French.] A 
mover of feditipn. Dryden. 
MUTINOUS, a. [,««//«/, French.] Sedi- 
tious I bufy in infurredion ; turbulent. 


MU'TJNOUSLY. aJ. Ifrom inuthous.'] Se- 

ditioufly ; turbulenlly. ,Sidney. 

MU'TINOUSNESS /. [from mutinous.] Se- 

ditioufnefs 5 turbulence. 

To MU'TINY. -v. n. [mutiner, Frfnch.] To 

rife againft authority j to make iufurredi- 

on. South. 

MU'TINY. /. [from the verb.] Infurreai- 

on; fedition. Temple. 

To MU'TTER. 1/. n. [mutire, Latin.] To 

grumble ; to murmur. Burton. Dryden, 

To MU'TTER. 'V. a. To utter with ifri- 

perfedl articulation. Creech. 

MU'TTER. /. [from the verb.] Murmur ; ' 

obfcure utterance. Milton. 

MU'TTERER, /. [frcm wa/ftr.] Grumbler j 

MUTTERINGLY. ad. [ixom muttenr.g.] 

With a low voice. 
MU'TTON. /. [woaron, French.] 
J. The fiefh ot fheepdrefled for food. 

ft. Afheep: now only in ludicrous lan- 
guage. ' Hjyivard. 
MUTTONFl'ST. /. [w«/f5« and//?.] A 
hand hrge and red. Dryden. 
MU'TUAL. a. [mutuel, French.] Recipro- 
cal 5 each ailing in isturn or correfpon- 
dence to the other, Fope. 
MUTUALLY, ad. [hom muHJa!.} Reci- 
procally 5 in return, Aczuton. 
MUTUa'LTTY. /. [from mutual.] Reci- ' 

procation. Sbakcjpeari. 

MU'ZZLE. /. \mvfeau, French.] 
. I. The mouth of any thing. Sidney, 

2. A faftening for the mouth, which hin- 
ders to bite. DrydeP, 
To MU'ZZLE. V n. To bring the mouth 
near. VEJi-ange. 
To MU'ZZLE. -v.a, 

1. To bind the mouth. Dryden. 

2. To fondle with the mouth rlor<-. 

MY. pronoun p''ff''(Ji'V€, Belongiog ti. me. 


MYNCHEN. /. [mynchen, Saxon.] A nun. 


MY'OGRAPHY. f. {!XVoy^a<^la,] A de- 
ft ription of the mufcles. 

MY'OLOGY. /. (»2>o%/f, French.] The 
defcription and dodrine of the muicies. 


MYOPY f. Shortnefs of fjght. 

MY'RLAD. f. \[j.vfui^-'\ 

I. The number of ten tboufind. 

% p;ovfbially any great number. MUtcri. 

ruffian 5 

MYRMIDON. /. [^4t;,-/xJiJa;y.j Any rude 

M Y S 

fo named from the foldiers of 
MYRO'BALAN. /. [myrobalanus, hiKin.] 
A fruit. The myrobalam are a dried 
fruit, of which we have five kinds: 
they are fiefliy, generally with a ftone and 
kernel, having the pulpy part more or 
lefs of an auftere acrid tafte: they are 
the produdion of five different trees grow- 
ing in tbeEaft Indies, where they are eatea 
pieferved. BtlU 

MYRO'POLIST. /. lfj.v^ov and <a:a>\iai ] 
One who fells unguents, 

MYRRH, /. [myrrha, Latin,] Myrrh is a 
vegetable produdl of the gum refin kind, 
fent to us in loofe granules from the fize of 
a pepper corn to that of a walnut, of a 
redd.fh brown colour, v/ith more or lefs of 
an admixture of yellow: its tafte is bitteic 
and acrid, with a pecuhar aromatick fla- 
vour, but very naufeous t its fmell is ftrong, 
but not difagreeable : it is brought from 
Ethiopia, but the tree which produces it is 
wholly unknown. Hill. 

MY'RRHiNE. a. [wyrthynui, Lat.] Made 
of the myrrhine ilone. MUtciu 

MY'RTIFORM. /. [ myrtus and form. ] 
Having the fnape of myrtle, 

MYRTLE, /. [myrtus^ Latm.] A fragrant 
tree. ' Shak'-fpeare, 

MYSE'LF. /. [my zr\A jelf.] An emphatical 
word added to / ; 5S, I myfeif do if, that 
if, not I by proxy j not another. Hbuk^Jp, 

MYSTAGO'GUE. /. [fxiTciyccyk] One 
who interprets divjne myfleries ^ alfo one 
who keeps church reiicks, and fliews thtm 
to ftrangerf. 

MYSTE'RIARCH. /. [ and apyj-] 
One prefidingover myfieties. 

MYSTE'RIOUS. a. [nyfierieux, French.] 
1. Inacceffible to the underftanding j aw- 
fully cb/'cure. Denham. 
7. Artfully perplexed. Siuift^ 

MYSTE'RIOUSLY. ad. [^romwyjlerioui.] 

1. In a manner above underftanding, 

2. Obfcurely j enigmatically. Taylor. 
MYSIT.'RIOUSNESS. /, [irommyjletioui.] 

I. Holy obfcurity. Taylor. 

1. Arif'il difficulty or perplexity. 
To MY'STERIZE. -v. a. [U om myjle-y.'^ 

To explain as enigma?. Brcivn. 

MY'STHRY. /. [fxv^rpw.] 

I. Something above human Intelligence ; 

fomethir.g awfully obfcure. Taylor. 

%. An enigma j any thing artfully made 

difficult. Shakefpeare. 

3. A trade; a calling: in this (tni^ ic 
ftould, according to Warburton^ be writ- 
ten wz^/Zfr)', from^ r/iejiier^ French, a tf-'de,, 

^penfer, Sbakefp2are, 
MY'STICAL,? ^ ^. ^ . ^ 
MY'STICK. S"^- [»#'^«J> Latm.J 

I. Sicredly obfcure. Bt-^'her^ 

•2. la- 

M Y T 

a- Irivolvingfomefecret meaning ; ciiible- 
niatical. Toylo'. 

3. Obfcure ; itzxtt. Dry den. 

MY'STICALf.y. ad. [t'mm myjlkal.'\ In 
a manner, or by an afl, implying fomefC' 
cret meaning. Donnr, 

MYSTICALNESS. /. [from my flical.] In- 
volution of lome fecrec meaning. 

MYTHOLOGICAL, a. [from myfhohgy.'\ 
RelatJag to the explication of fabulous 
hiftory. Brozvr., 

M Y T 

MYTKOLO'GICALLY. ad. [from mytho^ 

lo^Jcal.] In a manner fuitable to the fyflem 

of fabler. 
MYTHOLOGIST. /. [from rryth^lo^y.] \ 

relator or expcfufir of the ancient fables of 

the heathens. Creech. Norn's, 

To MYTHO'LOGIZE. v. r. [from p:ycfo- 

%v.] To relate or explain the fabulous 

hiltory <f the heathens. 
MYTHOLOGY./. lixv^(^ ind Xiy<^.] 

Syfte-Ti of fabies. BentLj, 



N A K 

NA femivowelj has in Engli/li an 
invariable found : as, no, nam', 
^ nct\ it is f^mctimes after m al- 

mofl: loit^ a?, condemn, cont^.n. 
To NAB. v. J. [«j/>/><z, Swedifh.] Tocatch 

UADIR. j. [Arabick.] The point under 

f»iot diredly oppofiLe to the zenith. Creech, 
NAFF./. A kind of tufted fea-bird. 
NAG. /. {^nigge, Dutch.] A fmall horfe. 

A horfe in familiar language. Prior, 

NAIL. / [ncEjl, Srxsn.] 

I. The horny fubllance at the ends of the 

fingers and toe.'. Dryden. 

%. The tj.lons of birds and hearts. 

3. A fpike of metal by which things are 
tiirtened together. 

4. A Stud 5 a bofs, 

5. A kind of meafure J two inches and a 

6. On the nail. Readily} immediarely ; 
without delay. Swift, 

To NaIL. -v. a. 

I. To faften with nails. M Iton, 

Z. To ftud with nails. Dyden. 

NA'ILER. /. [from nail.] A nai!-maker, 

NA'KED. a. [nncb, Saxon.] 

1. Wanting cloaihs 3 uncovered j bare. 

a. Uusrmed ; defencclefs j unprovided. 

3. Plain; evident j not hidden. Sbakr'fp, 

4. Merc ; finnple 5 abCtraded. Hathr, 
NA'KEDLY. ad. \ 

J. Without covering. 

2. Simply ; merely. Hi/lder, 

3. Dlfcoverably ; evj<Jently, Dun:d. 
NA'KEDNESS. /, [from naked.'\ 

1. Nu'iiry ; want of covering. I^l-ltpi, 

2, Waoc cf provifion for uefcnce, Gtr, 


3. Plainnefs ; evidence; want of conceal- 
ment. Shah/pear e, 
NAME. /. fnama, Saxon.] 

1. Tne difcriminative appellation of an in- 
dividual. Shakifptare, 

2. The term by which any fpecies is dif- 

3. Perfon, Dryden, 

4. Reputation; chara£ler. 

5- Renown; fame; celebrity. Bjcon» 
6.. Power delegated. Shake f pear e. 

7. Fiftitious imputation. D^ydt^, 

8. Appearance; not reality. Shakejpeare, 

9. An opprobrious appelLcion. Gran-ville, 
To NAME. I'.a. 

J. To Ujfcriminate by a particular appella- 
tion. Sbaktfpeare, 

2. To mention by mme. Eccluj, 

3. To fpecify ; to nominate. Lock:, 

4. To utter; to mention. Ge>-, 
NAMELESS, a. [homname,'] 

I; Kut diftinguirtied by any difcriminative 
appellation. Dcnham, 

2. One of which the name is not known. 


3. famous. 

NA'MELY. adi, [from »tfm?.] Particularly; 

<perially. ' Hookr. Addi^or. 

NA'MER. /. [from name,\ One who calls 

any by name. 
NA'MESAKE. /. One that has the firre 

njnne with another. Addiion, 

NAP. / [hnceppan, Sax.m.] 

1. Slumber ; a /})ort flerp. Sidney, 

2. [hnopp3j Saxon.] Down; villous fub- 
ffance. Sp nf-r„ 

To N.AP. "v. a. [hnceppan, Saxon, J To 
Ileep ; to be drowfy or fecure. 

tludibrat. CireTc. 
4 M a NAP£. 

N A R 

NAPE. /. The joint of the neck behmc!. 

NA'PERY, /. [naperia, Italian,] Table- 

NA'PHEW. /. [tjapui, Latin.] An herb. 

NA'PHTHA. /. [njphtha, Latin,] Napbtba 
is a very pure, clear, and thin mineral 
fluid, of a very pale yellovi',. with a cart of 
brown in it. It is foft and oily to the 
touch, of a Ihaip and unpleafing tafte, and 
of a brifk and penetrating fmeli j of the 
bituminous kind. It is extremely ready to 
take fire. It )S principally uicd externally 
in paralytick cafes. 

N.VPPINESS. /. [hom nappy.] The quality 
of'having a nap, 

NA PKIN. /. [from nap.] 

1. Cloaths ufed at table to wipe the hands. 


z. A handkerchief. Obfelete. Sbakejp. 

NA'PLESS. a, [ixomnap.] Wanting nap; 

threadbare. ^bakrfpeun, 

NA'PPY. a. [from nap] Frothy j fpumy. 


NARCrSSUS. f. [Ljtinj naniji, Ficnch.] 

A ddflrodll. Thorn f on, 

NARCOTICK. a. [vagxa'a- * narcoii^ue, Fr.] 

Producing torpor, or liupet.iftion, 

ii^uincy. Brown. 
NARD. /. [tiardus, Latin.] 
■ 1. Spikenard. 

2. An odorous (hrub. Ben. yohnfon. 
NARE. /. [warn, Latin.] A noftrit. 

NA'REWHALE. /. A fpecies of whde. 

NA'RRABLE. a. [from narre.] Capable to 

be told. 
NARRA'TION. /. [narratio, Latin.] Ac- 
count j relation} hittory. Abb^t. 
NA'RRATIVE. ,fl. [r^arrat'if-vtYx. from 

narro, Latin.] 

J. Relating j giving an account. Ayliffe. 

1. Storytelling j apt to relate things paft, 

NA'RRATIVE. /. A relation j an account. 

NA'RRATIVELY. ad. [from narrati've.] 

By way of relation. Ayliffe. 

NARRA'TOR. / pzarraf^ar, French.] A 

A teller ; a relacer. JVatts, 

To MA'RX.lFY. [from narrow, Lat,] 

To relate j to give account of. Hhakejp, 
NA'RROW. a. [ne fiu, Saxon.] 

I. Not broad or wide. bbikefpeare. 

a. Sm-11; of no great extent. Broiot. 

3. Covetous J avaritious. Sidney, 

4. ContraT:ed J ui g*nerous. i^pratt, 

5. Ne-^r ; withm a fmall diftan.e, Dryd. 

6. Cioie ; vigi'ant } attentive. Mil:on. 
To NA'ixROW -v. a. 

I. To dimimih with refpeft to breadth. 

Broivn, Tem^k, 


z. To eontraft j to impair in d'gnity. 


3. To contract in fentiment. Pope, 

4. To confine J to limit. Watts^ 

5. [In farriery,] A horfe is faid tonarretv, 
when he does not take ground enough. 

NA'RROWLY. ad. [from nar.otv.] 

1. With little breadth or wideriefs. 

2. Contracledlyj without cztent. Sicift, 

3. Clofely J vigilantly. Shakefpeare. 

4. Nearly ^ within a little. Swi/t, 

5. Avaritioufly 5 fparingly. 
NA'RROWNESS. /. [from narrcw.] 

1. Want of breadth, Addifon, 

2. Want of comprehenfion. Locke-^ 

3. Confined flatej contraftednefs. 

4. Meannefs j poverty. South, 

5. Want of capacity. Burntt„ 
NA*^. f from ne bas or has not.] Spenfer, 
NA'SAL. a. [nafus, Latin.] Belonging to 

the nofa. Holder. Broivn, 

NA'STY. a, [najl, rat, German, wet,] 

1. Dirty J filthy i fordid j nauleous j pol- 
luted. Sivift. 

2, Obfcene; leud. 
NASTILY, ad. [fromnajiy.] 

1. Dirtily j filthily j naufeoufly. Bacont 

2. Obfcenely 9 grofsly. 
NA'STINESS. /. [from najiy.] 

1. Dirt J filth. Bayivard, 

2. Obfcenity J grofjnefs of ideas. South, 
NA'TAL. a. [natal, French.] Native ; re- 
lating tn nativity. Camden. Prior, 

NATA'TION. /. [natatio, Latin,] The adt 
offwimming. Brczvn, 

NA'THLESS. ad. [na, that is r.oty the lejs, 
Saxon.] Neverthelefs. Mtltor.. 

NA'THMORE. ad. [na the more.] Never 
the more. Spenfer. 

NA'TION. /. [nation^ Fr. natio^ Latin.] A 
people diftinguifhed from another people. 


NA'TIONAL. a. [national, Tr. frcmnation.J 
1. Publickj general 3 not private; not 
particular. Addijon. 

7.. Bigotted to one's own country, 

NATIONALLY, ad. [fxom national] With 
regard to the nation. South. 

NATIONALNESS. /. [from national.] Re- 
ference to the people in general. 

NA'TIVE. a. [nativus, Latin j natifvCf 
I. Produced by nature; n«t artificial. 


a. Natural ; fuch as is according to nature. 


3. Conferred by birth. D-.nham, 

4. Pertaining to the time or place of birth, 

5. Or'ginaJ, Miton, 
NA'TiVi;. /. 

I. Oae 


T. One born in any place j original inha- 
bitant. Bacon, 
1. Offspring. 

NATIVENESS. /. [from native.] State of 
beinp oroduced by nature. 

NA TIVITY. /. [ran-vif/, Ficnch.] 
J. Birth J iliue lato life. 

Bacon. Sbakefpiare. 
1. State or place of being produced. Milt' 

NATURAL, a. [raturel, French.] 
J. Produced or effected by nature. 

a. Illegitimate. Temple. 

3. Beftowed by nature. Sivift. 

4. Not forced j not farfetched j dittated 
by nature. JVotton. 

5. Tender j afFcftionate by nature. 


6. Unaf^£led 3 accordiiTg to truth and re- 
ality. Addtjon. 

7. Oppofed to violent ; as, a natural deith, 
NA'TURAL. y. [from nature.] 

1. An idiot } a fool. Sbakefp. Locke, 

2, Native J original inhabitant. Raieigb, 
3 Gift of nature j nature j quality. 


NATURALIST. /, [from natural] A ftu- 

dent in phvficks. AddiJ'on, 

NATURALIZA'TION. /. [from r.atura- 

lixt.] The adt of inverting aliens with the 

privileges of native fubjeft?. Baccn. 

To NATURALIZE, v. a. litom natural.] 

1. To in veil with the privileges of native 
fubje£ls. D^viti. 

2. To make eafy like things natural. 

NATURALLY, ad. [from natura'.] 

1. According to unaflifted nature. Hockir. 

2. Without affjflation. Shakejpeare, 

3. Spontaneoully. 

Naturalness./, [ixom natural.] 

1. The ftate of being given or produced 
by nature. South. 

2. Conformity to truth and reality ; 
afteftation, Drjd.^n, 

NATURE. /. [r.atura, Litin.] 

1. An imaginary being fuppofed to prefide 
over the material and animal world. 

Sbaktfpeare. Coidey, 
%, The native ftate or properties of any 
thing. Hale. 

3. The conftltution of an animated bwdy. 


4. Dlfpofition of mind. Sba(:elf.eare. 

5. The regular courfe of things. Soak-Jp. 

6. The conipal"s of natural exiflenre. 


7. Nafural afFcflion, or' reverence, fope. 

8. The it-te or operation of the material 
world. Fope, 

9. Sort J fpecies. Drjdtn. 
JO. S ntiii.ents or images adapted to na- 
ture, Addn(.n, 


N A U 

II. Phyficksj the fcience which teaches 

the qualities of thing , Pjpe 

NATU'RITY. /. [f..m nature.] The ftate 

of being produced oy nature. Broivn, 

NA'VAL. a. [naval, French.] 

I. Cnfiftingof /hips. Waller^ 

z. Belonging to fliipa. Tempie\ 

Nave. /. [n.p, s^xon.j 

1. The middle part of the wheH in which 
the axle moves. Shakefceare, 

2. [Fiom na-vii, nave, old French.]" The 
middle part of the church difljncl from the 
aides or wingS. Ayliffe, 

NA'VEL. /. [napela, navela, Saxon.] 

1. The point in the middle of the beljy, 
by which embryos communicate with the 
parent. Broivn^ 

2. The middle } the interiour part. Milt, 
NA'VELG ALL. /. Naijclgall is a br uife on 

the top of the chine of the back, behind 
the faddle, right againft X\\& navel. 

NA'VELWORT. /. At^. herb. Miller. 

NA'VEW. /. [»<7/>*r, Lat. naveau,Yr.\hn. 
herb. Miller. 

NAUGHT, a, [ naht, na/jhiht, Saxon. ] 
Bad J corrupt j worthlefs. Hooker, 

NAUGHT. /. Nothing. This is commonly, 
though improperly, written nought. 

Shakejpeare, ' 

NA'UGHTILY. ad. [from naughty.] Wic- 
kedly j cirruptly. 

NA'UGHTINESS. /. [fiom naughty.] Wic- 
kedncfs; badnefs. Sidney, 

NA'UGHTY. a. [ frcm naught, ] Bad } 
wicked ; corrupt. Sidney, 

NA'VJCABLE. a. [nax•igable,Yltnch.'^^ Ca- 
pable of being palled by /hips or boats, 


NA'VIGABLENESS. /. [from navigabU.\ 
C'uacirv to be pafted in veflcls. 

ToNA'VIGATE. -v.n. [naiigo.L-^t.] To 
fiiil ; to pafs by water. Aibuthnot. 

To NA'VIGATE. V, a. To pafs by fhipa 
or b-ats. Aroutbnot, 

NAVIGATION, /, [na-vigation, French.] 

1. The adt or practice of pafljng t)y water. 


2. VfftVIs of navigation, Sbaiifpeare, 
NAVIGATOR. /. [na-vigoteur, French.] 

bailor ^ leaman j traveller by water. Brere, 
NA'ULAGE. /. [naulum, hilxn.] The 

freight of p..n^ngers in a lli.p. 
N.^U'MACHY. /. [nauniacbie, Fr. r^uma-^ 

c^/j, Latin] A mock fea fight. 
To NAU'SEaTE. v. n. [frcm r::«;"fo, Lat.] 

To gr. w fquejmiihj to tuxn away with 

difguft. Watti, 

To NAU'SEATE. v. a. 

1. To loath j to reject with di^uft. 


2. Tf^ ftfike with difguft. SiL-if.. 
NAU'SEOUS, a. [from »c7.f<7, Lat, tj^-v/'V, 

Freich ] Loitbtome j difguftfuJ. Dcnhsm. 

N E A 

NAU'SEOUSLY. ad. [from naujecus.^ ' 
Loathsomely; difgu/^fully. Drydefi. 

NAU'SEOUSNES;;. f. [itom naufeout.'[ 
Loathfomenefs j quality ot raifing difguft. 
Dry den, 

NAU'TICAL. 7 a. {nauticus, Latin.] Per- 

NAUTICK. 5 tainicg to failors. Cam. 

NAU'-JILUS. f. [Latin J w^j/r//.^, French,] 
A fhdl fifh furnifhed with lomething ana- 
logous to oars and a fail. Pope. 

NA'VY. /. [from ff^fa, Latln.J An a (Tern - 
biy of fhips ; a fleet. darendcn, 

JIAY. ad. [«ir, Saxon, or ne aye.l 

1. No J an adverb of negation. Denham. 
s. Not only fo but more. Beju Johnfgn. 
■3, Word of refufal. ' A^^. 

KA'YWORD. /. [nay and nvcrd.] 
■ 1. The faying nay. tbakefpeare, 

2. "A proverbial reproach ; a bye word. 

KE. ad. [Saxon.] Neither j and not. 

NEaF. /. [«?^, TOanrlick.] Afi(>. SMkefp. 
To NEAL, 1'. tf . [onceian, Saxon, j To tem- 
per by a gradual and regulated heat. 

Digby. Moxon, 
To NEAL. 1/. ». To be tempered in fire. 


KEAP. ^. [nepp!o*&, Saxon ; ns^pti^, Focr.1 

Low J decrefcent. Ufed only of the tide, 


KEAR. prep, [nep, Saxon.] At no great 

di fiance from J clofetoj nigh. Dryden. 

NEAR. ad. 

I. AJmoft. 

a. At hand j not far off. Dryden. 

3. Within a little, Baccn. 

NEAR. a. 

I. Notdiftant. Genefis. 

2.. Advanced towards the end of an enter- 
prife or difquifition. Hooker, 

3. Clofe ; not rambling. Dryden. 

4, Clofely related. Leviticus, 
c. Intimate j familiar; admitted to confi- 
dence, Shakefpeare, 

6. Touching ; prefling j affefting } dear. 


7. Parfimonious, inclining to covecoufnefs. 
NEAR hand. Clofely. Bacon. 
N£A RLY. ad. [from near."] 

1. At no greatdiftancs. Atterhury. 

2. C.ofely ; preflingly. Milton, Hivift. 

3. In a .iggardly manner. 
NEA'RNESS. /. [ho'mnear.} 

1. Clolenefs 5 not remotenefs. 

Ho'.ker. Duppa. 

2. Allijnce of blood or aftedtion. Bacon. 

3. Tendency to avarice j caution o\ cx- 
pence. Bacon, 

NEAT. /. [neat ryzen, Saxon.] 

I. Black cattle: j u.xen. Sbakfjp. May. 
a. A cow or ox. Sbahjpeare. 

NEAT. a. [net, French,] 


1. Elegant, but without dignity. Pope, 
7.. Cleanly. Milton^ 

%. Pure J unadulterated j unmingled. 


NE'ATHERD. /. [nea^yjib, Saxon.] A cow - 
keeper j one who has the care of black 
cattle. - Dryden. 

NEATLY, a. [frc^m neat.^ 

I. Elegantly, but without dignity ; fpruce- 
Jy. Sbahjpeare, 

1. Cleanh'Iy. 
NEA'TKESS. /. [from vcaf.'\ 

J. Sprucenefs j elfgance without dignity. 

2. Cleaniinefs. 

NEB. /. [nebbe, Sixon.] 

I. Ncfe J beak J mouth. Retained in the 
north. Shakejpeare. 

1. [In Scctland.] The bill of a biid. 

NE^Bl^LA, f [Latin.] It is applied to ap- 
pearances, like a cloud in the human body 5 
as to fiJms upon the ey?3 

NE'BULOUS, a. [«<'^tt/o/«i, Litin.] Mifiy j 

NECESSARIES. /. \^xomn,■c^_[fary.'] Things 
not only convenisrst but neeofai. Hamm, 

NE'CESSARiLY. ad. [from necejary.] 

1. Indjfpenfabiy. Hooker. 

2. By inevitable confequ'^nce. Hooker, 
NE'CESSARINE'S. /. [from neojjary.] 

The ftate of being ncccflary. 
NE'CESSARY. a. [nec<ffonus, Latin.] 
1. Ncedfu! J indilpenfabiy requifite, 

4, Not fi-ee ; fatal ; impelled by fate. 

3. Conclufive; decifive by inevitable con- 
lequince. Tillotfon. 

To NECE'.SSITATE. -v. a. [ftowT/eceJ/uas, 
Latin.] To make necdlary ; not to leave 
free. Duppa, 

NECESSITA'TION. /. [from nece£ita'.e.\ 
The acl of making necelfary j fatai conri- 
pulfjon. Biambail, 

NECE': SITATED. a. [f wm necej/iry.] In 
a (late of want. Sbakrfocare. 

NECE'SSITOUS. a. [from necrfiry.] PrtU 
feH with poverty. Clarendon. 

NECE'SSITOUSNESS, /. [from «fc#^oa;.] 
Poverty } want 5 need. Burneti 

NECE'SSl 1 UDE. /. [necejfitudo, Latm. j 

1. Want; need. Hale, 

2. Frien-iihip, 
NECE'SSITY. /. [n'c^Jfuas, Latin,] 

I. Cogency ; compuhion ; fatality. Milt» 
a. State of being necelVaryj indifpenf^ble- 
nef?. Shakefpeare^ 

3. Want ; need ; poverty. C'arcndan. 

4. Things necefidry for human life. 


5. Cogency of argument J inevitabic con- 
fequence. Raleigh, 

NECK./, [hneca, Ssxon ; w«i^ Dutch.] 

I. The 


3^ E G 

i. The part between the head and body. 
• 2. A long narrow part. Bacon, 

3. On the r.eck -J immediately after. 


4. To break the neck of an aftiir j to 
hinder any thing being done j or, to do 
do more than hair. 

ME'CKREFF, /. [neck :inA beef .] Thecoarfc 
flc/h i :;.„• neck of cattle. Stvift. 

NE'CkCLOATH. /. [neck zni chat h.^ That 
wh '-M men wear on their netk. Gay, 

NE'CKERCHlEf. 7 /. A gorget 

NE'CKAIEE 5 kerchief lor's neck. 

NECKLACE./. [n'ckztiA hce.] An orna- 
mental (Iring of beads or precious ft-i-nes, 
\vor:i bj' women on their neck. /Irbuth. 

NE'CKWEED. /. [neck and lOced.] Hemp. 

NECROMANCER. /. [vsjcp^- and ixmH',.'[ 

to pierce death, and perforated at the other 
to receive the thread. Drydtn^ 

2. The Imajl Heel bar which in the ma- 
riners compafs ftands regular!) north and 
fouth. Burnet. 

NEE'DLE-FISH. /. [needU and fip.] A 
kind of lea filh. Ji ooJ-ward. 

NEE'DLE-FUL. /. [needh and /-//.] As 
muLh thread as is generally put at one time 
in tl.;.- .,-edie, 

NEE'DLLR. If, Utomreedle^ He 

NEE DLEMAKER. 5 who makes needlei. 
hand. NEE'DLEWORK.. |. [needle za<^ ivork.'] 
wo- I. The bufinets of a fempfl.-efs. 

2. E ..broidery by the needle. yJdJifoft. 

NEE'DLESSLY. dJ. [f ro:r, nadlcji.] Un- 
necefl-jrily j without need. . Holder, 

NEE'DLES NESS. /. [from medlefi.l^ Un- 
necelVanntfs. Locke, 

NEE'DLES.. a, [from n^fj.] UnnecerTary ; 
p. or ^equifue. Hooker. Si-.kcjpeare. 

One who by charms can converfe with the NEE'DMENT. /. [ijomneej.'^ Something 

nccclLry. S^eufcr. 

NEEDS, ad. [ntbep, Saxon, u'lwilling.] 

Necelurily j by conjuulfion j mdifpenfably, 

NEE'DY. a. [from reed.] Poor 5 neceflitcus j 

diftrefled by poverty. Sf^enfer. 

NE'ER, ifornsier.] Hudibras, 

Tj NEESE. -u. n. [ ryje, Daniih ; nie^ev, 

Dutch. ] To intti^ 3 tu difcharge fl-tulerxits 

bythenofe. 7. Kirgt. 

NEF. J. [old French, (xoranave.'] theb.dy 

of a church. Jd-'ifur, 

NEFA'RIOUS. a. [mfarius, Latin.] VVic- 

kfd ; ab .minable. yiy i^f, 

NEGA'TION. /. [negatio, Litin j negauon^ 


X.. D:;nial j the contrary to afKrmation. 

Bcnil-'j, Rogers, 

2. Dafcriotion by negative. f'/'"a(ts, 

NE'GATIVE. a. [ncgc:::/^ Fr. negati-vus, 


1. De.nying; contrary to affirmative. 

2. L^:ii-lying only the ablc.nce oi loaiething. 


3. Having the power to witlvhnid, though 
no- to cotnpcl. King Chanei. 


1. A piopcfiiion by which fomething is 
denied. Tillotfon. 

2. A parricle of denial ; as, rot. Cl.wvJ^ 
NE'GATIVELY. ad. [t'lotn negative.] 

i. With aenial j in the torm tf denial ; 
not .'ihrmativ'ely. Boyi'e. 

2 In form of fpeech implying the abfence 
of r.)nieth;ng. Hooker. 

TcKE'GLECr. v. a. [negleaui, L^tm.] 

1. To omit by careleiloeCs. Aiattbeiv, 

2. To with fcornful hecdlelTnefs. 
1^. I'o pol>pon'-'. Shake fpcare, 

NEGLECT. /. [reghaji, Latin] 

I. In- 

ghofts of the Hea", • S'Vbifi 

NE'CROMANCY. /• [vsxpa? and /c^.'^i,' j 
necr m t:ce, French.] 

1. The ait of revealing future events, 
by communication with the dead. Erozv- , 

2. Enchantment j conjuration. yibbcr. 
NE'CTARED. a. [fiom ne^iar.] Tmged 

with r.ect^r. Mi ton. 

NECTA'REOUS. a. [veBarcu!, Latin.] Re- 

fembling nedlar ; fweet as nedtar. Pofe. 
NE'CTARINE. a. liioiArrMar.] Sweet as 

nc<Sdr. lV:ilion. 

NE'CTARINE. /. [mEiarire, French.] A 

fruit of the plum kind. This fruit dilTers 

from a peach in having a fmooth rind ;ind 

the flefh firmer. Mi.'lcr, 

NEED./, [neob, Saxon; nocd, Dittch.] 

I. Exigency j prtfliiig difhcuhy ; neifinty. 

Z. Want J diftrefsful poverty. Siakefp. 

3. Want j Lck of any thing for ufe. 

To NEED. -v. a. To want 5 to lack. Matr, 
To NEED. -v. n. 

1. To be wanted ; to be necelLiry. S^crf. 

2. To have necelhty of any thing. Luke. 
NEE'DER. /. [from need.] One that wants 

a.nv thing. Stakejf ae. 

NEE'DFUL a. [need zrA fu'i] NVceir^ryj 

indir^enfablv rcquifite. Ccmrron Prayer. 

NEE'DFXJLLY. ad. [from med/h/.j Necd"- 

farily. Jja:. Joe r. Jon. 

NBEDFULNESS. /. [(torn neeafuf.] Ne- 

NEE'DILY. ad. [frcni -vf^^^.] In poverty; 

NEE'DINESS /. [from needy.] Want; po- 
verty. Bacon. 
NEE'DLE. /.*[na:'t,l, S^xon.] 

1. A fmall iniliumcnt pointed at cne end 

N E I 

t, Inftance of inattention. 
a. Carelefs treatment. 

3, Negligence j frequency of negleft, 


4. State of being unregarded Prior. 
NEGLE'CTER. /. [frona«5^/i<3.] One who 


NEGLE'CTFUL. a. [negka in^fuV.] 
I. Heedlefs j carefelels j inattent ve. 

«. Treating with indifference. L c^f. 

NEGLE*CTION. /. [from neguEt.\ The 
ftace of being negligent. 

NEGLE'CTFULLY. ad. [from neg'eafull 
With heedlefs inattention. 

NEGLIE'CTIVE. a. [from mgleSf.] Inat- 
tentive to, or regardlefs of. King Charles. 

NEGLIGENCE. /. [neg/igerce, Fr. «egli. 
gentiu, Latin.] Habit of omitting by heed, 
leirntls, or of afting carelefly. -"^h-kejp. 

KE'GLIGENT. a, [_negligent, Fr. neghgens,, 

I. Carelefs j heedlefs ; habitually inatten- 
tive. Z Cbron, 
a. Carelefs of any particular. Barucb, 
3. Scornfully regardiefs, SiVfft. 

N£',GLIGENTLY. ad. [from negligent J 
I, Carelcfsly i heedlefsly j without exa£t- 
uefs* Bacon, 

3. With fcornful inat'ention. 

To NEGO'TIATE. v. r. [mgocirrt French.] 
To have intercouric of bufinefs j to traf- 
fick ; to treat. Bacon, 

NIGOTIA'TION. /. [negoration^ Fr. from 
neg tiate.] Treaty of buluefs. Hoiu. 

NEGOTIATOR. /. {negoaateur^ Fr. from 
negotiate,'\ One employed to treat with 
others. ii'uift, 

NEGO'TIATING. a. [ from mgniate. ] 
Employed in ntgotiation. 

Jt^E^ORO. /. [Spanilh j ncgrcy French ] A 
blackmoore, Broivn. 

NEIF. /. \jieji, Iflandick 5 neefy Scott./h.] 

To NEIGH, v. n. [hnassari, Saxon.") To 
utter the voice of a horfe. Smith. 

NEIGH. /. [from the verb.] The voice of 
an horfe. Sbake.peare. 

NEI'GHBOUR. /. [nthjebuji, Saxon.] 
I, One who hves near to another. Cljren. 
a. Qoc who lives in familiarity with ano- 
ther. Shakejpeare. 

3. Any thing next or near. Shake peare. 

4. Intimate \ confidant. Shohjpeare. 
c. [In divinity.] One partaking of the 
fame nature, and therefore entitled to good 
offires. Sprott. 

To NEIGHBOUR, v. a. [from the noun.] 
To adjoin to j to confine on. hbakefpeare, 

NErCHBOURHOOD. /. {tiomne.ghbour.] 
I. PJace adjoining. jiddij^n. 

•z^ State of oting neat each other. S-wft, 

N E S 

3. Thofe that live within reach of commu- 

NEI'GHBOURLY. a. [from neighbour. 1 Be- 
coming a neighbour J kind j civil. 


NEI'GHBOURLY. ad. [itom neighbour.] 
With fecial civility. 

NEI'THER. conjunci. [napJS ja, Saxon, »c 
either. ] 

1. Not either. A particle ufed in the firfl 
bran'.h of a negative fentcnce, and anfwer- 
ed oy nor j as, fight neither with fmall nor 
great. i Kings. 

2. It is fometIm«s the fecond branch of a 
negative or prohibition to any.fentence } as, 
ye ihall not eat of it, neither fliail ye touc-h 
it. Genefis, 

NEI'THER. />ro«(j«a. Not either j nor one 
nor otht^r. Drydea. 

NEO'PHYTE. /. [neophyte, Fr. veoj and 
^jufw.] One regenerated; a convert, 

NEOTE'RICK. a. [neotericus, Latin.] Mo- 
dern J novel J late. Grtiv* 

NEP. /. [nepefa, Latin,] An herb. 

NE'PENTHE. /. [v^' and TrivS®-.] A drug 
that drives away ail pains. Pope, 

NE'PHEW. /. [nepos, Litin i ne-vet^,¥r. ] 
I. The fon of a brother or fifter. Lock,, 
a. The grand fon. Outofufe. hooker, 

3. Ddfcendant, however diftant. Out of 

NEPHRI'TICK. a. [v£cf>g Jik(^ ; mfbreujt/s, 

1. Belonging to the organs of urine, 
a. i'roubled with ihe iiuRe. Arbutbnst, 
5. Good og-iinfl the (ione. Jfoodtvard. 

NE'POTISM. /. [w^Z-oMytt!', French.] Fond- 
nefs for ncphtws. Addijon, 

NERVE, j. [^nefvui, Latin.] The nerves are 
the organs of ft- niation pafling frcm the brain 
to ill parts ct the body. Shakefpeare. 

1. Ic is ufed by the poets for finew or ten- 
don. Pope. 

NERVELESS, a. [from w^rt/^.] Without 
ft'ength. Dunciad, 

NE'RVOUS. a. [nerwfus, Latin.] 

1. Well ftrung J flrong ; vigorous. Pope, 

2. Relating to the nerves. 

3. Having weak or difeafed nerves. Cheyne, 
NE'RVY. a. [horn net ve.j Strong; vigo- 
rous. Shakefpeare, 

NE'SCIENCE. /. [from nefcio, Latin.] Ig- 
norancc j the ftate of not knowing, 

NESH. a. [nepc, Saxon.] Soft ; eafily hurt. 

1. A termination added to an adje£tive to 
change it into a fubliantive, denoting /?<2ic 
or quality j as, poijonous, poijonoufnefs j'trom 
nipj-e, Saxon. 

2. The termination of many names of 
places where there is a headland or pro- 

.montory ; 

N E U 

montory; from nepe, Saxon, a headland j 
as Inverness. 
Nest. /. [n^j-r, Saxon.] 

1. The bed formed by the bird for incuba- 
tion. Diuterommy. 

2. Any place where animals are produced. 


3. An abode 5 place of refidence. Sbakefp. 

4. A warm cJof'e habitation. Sperjtr. 

5. Boxes or drawers J little pockets or con- 

To NEST, -v, n. [from the noun.] To build 
nefts. Jlozvef. 

NE'STEGG. /. [ rejl and egg. ] An egg 
left in the neft. Hudibrai» 

To NE STLE. 1'. H. [from nej}.'^ To fettle ; 
to harbour. Baccn, 

To NESTLE, i'. a. 

1. To houf'e, as ih a neft. Donne, 

2. To cherifh, as a bird her young. 

NE'STLING. /. [from nej}le.'\ A bird juft 

taken out of the neft. 

NET. /. {nati, Gothick ; net, Saxon.] A 

texture woven with large interftices or 

mefhfs. TayLr. 

NE'THER. a. [necJSer, Sax. neder, Dut,] 

1. Lower J not upper. Peacbam. Dryden. 

2. Being in a lower place. MHion, 

3. Lifernal 3 belonging to the regions be- 
low. Dryden. 

NETHERMOST./. [fuperLof nether. J 
Lowe It. Pjalms, 

NE'TJLE. /. [netel, Saxon.] A flinging 
herb well known. 

To NE'l TLE. V. a, [from the noun.] To 
fting 5 to irritate. BentJey. 

NETWORK. /. [ net and tvork. ] Any 
thing reticulated or decuflated, at equal 
diftancef. Sfunjer. 

NE'VER. ad^ [ ne ever, naeppe, Saxcn. ] 

1. At no time. 

2. In no degree. South, 

3. Ic feems in fome phrafes to have the 
Tenfe of an adjective. Not any. Mattbeiv, 

4. It is much ufed in compofition j as, ne- 
a/fr-ending, having no end. . Milton, 

NE'VERTHELESS, ad. [ never the lej:. ] 
Notwithftanding that. Bacon. 

NEUROLOGY./. [v-fJpovand TvoVof.J A 
defcription of ihe nerves, 

NEU'ROrOMY. /. [ vsypev andTE^va;. ] 
The anatomy oF the nerves. 

NEUTER. a.^Kcuter, Latin; neutre^Yt.] 

1, Indifferent j not engaged on either fide. 


2. [la grammar.] A nouiy^^pjj^ies 
no Tex. ^fj^Dryden. 

NEUTER. /. One indifferent and unen- 
gaged. Addijon, 

NEUTRAL, a. [neulral, Ff.] 

I. Indifferent j not cnggKd on either fide, 
w Baior:. 

N I B 

2. Neither good nor bad. Davieft 

3. Neither acid nor alkaline. Arbutbrwt, 
NEUTRAL. /. One who does not a<^ nor 

engage on either iide. Bacon, 

NEUTR.VLITV. /. [neutralue, Fr.j 
I. A ftatc of inditference, of neither 
friendship nor hoftility. Addifon. 

%. A ftate between good and evil. D»nne. 
NtUTRALLY. ad. [from ;7fafra/. j Indif- 
NEW. a. \nci.Lyd, Wcifh j neop, Saxon j 
neuf, Fr.J 

1. Not old J fre/h. Burnet, 

2. Modern. Temple. 

3. Not antiquated j having the cffeft of 
novelty. Pope* 

4. Not habituated. Hooker, 

5. Renovated j repaired, fo as to recover 
the firft ftate. Bacon. 

6. Frefh after any thing. Dryden, 

7. Not of ancient extradion. Addifon, 
NEW. ad. This is ufed in compofition for 

nenvl^f. Sidney. Cowley, 

NEWFA'NGLED. a. [ new and f angle. J 
Formed with vain or fooli/h love of no- 
velty. Atterbury, 
NEWFA'NGLEDNESS. 7 / [from«.w- 
NEWFA'NGLENESS. 5 fargled.] Vain 
and foolifh love of novelty. Sidney. 
NEWEL. / -^ 

1. The compafs round which the ftaircafe 
is carried. Baccn. 

2. Novelty. Spen/er, 
NE'WING. / Yeft. Ainfivortb, 
NE'WLY. ad. [from «iw.] Fre/hly ; late- 
ly- Spenfer, 

NE'WNESS. /. [from «f7y.] Frefh nefs j 
latenels j novelty j recentnefs j ftate of 
being new. Sidney. South. 

NEWS. /. without the Angular, [fromwe^yj 
nouveites, Fr.j 

1. Frefh account of any thing. Waller. 

2. Papers which give an account of the 
tranfadlions of the prefcnt times. Pope. 

NE'WS-MONGER. /. {ncivi and monger. ^ 
One whofe employment it is to hear and 
to tell news. Shahfpeare. 

NEWT. /. [Newt is fuppofed by Shnner to 
be contradled from an evet.] 'Eft j fmall 
l\7. ird. Sbakffpeare, 

NEV/-YEAR'S-GIFT. / Prefcnt' made 
on the firfl day of the year. 

Shakefpeare. StiU:ngJl:er. 

NEXT. a. [nexr, Saxon. J 

1. Neareft m place. Baccn, 

2. Ncarefl in any gradation. Clarendon. 
NEXT, ad. At the time or turn jrnmedi- 

acely fucceedmg. Addifon. 

NI'AS. /. [niais, French.] Simple, filly, 

and foolifh. JBu/ey, 

NIB. /. [ncbbej Dofch.] 

1. The bill or beak cf a b.'rd, 

2, The point of a pvn, Derham. 

4 N Nl'BBEC, 

N I C 

NI'BBED. a, [from nib.^ Having a nib. 
To Nl'BBLE. V. a. [from tii'b, the beak or 

1. To bite by little at a tirne ; to cat flow- 
ly. - Sbakefpeare. C'tave'ar.d. 

2. To bite a^ a fifli does the bait. Gay. 
To NI'BBLE. i>. n. 

I. To bite at. Shakeffearc, 

4. To cai-p at J to find fault with. 

Til lot Jon. 

KIBBLER. /. [ from nibble. ] One that 
bites by little at a time. 

NICE. a. [nepe, Saxon, loft.] 

I. Accurate in judgment to minute ex- 
aflpefs. It is often ufed to exprefs a cul- 
pable delicacy. Sidney. 
a. Scrupuloully and minutely cautious. 


3. Fdftidiousj fqueamifli. MiLon, 

4. Ea^y injured j delicate. 

5. FjyTmed with minute exaflneff. 

Add! fan. 
7. Refined. Mihor. 

NI'CELY. ad. [from] 

1. Accurately j riimutely j fcrupuloufly. 


2. Delicately, Atterbury. 
NI'CENESS. /. [from nice,"] 

J. Accuracy j minute exaftnef?, Dryden. 
1. Superfluous delicacy or exaftnefs. 

NI'CETY. /. [from nice.^ 

I. Minute accuracy. Prior. 

a. Accurate performance. Addijon. 

3. Faftidious delicacy j fqueamifhnefs. 


4. Minute obfervation ; pundlilious dif- 
crimination ; fubtilty. Lcckn. 

5. Delicate management ; cautious treat- 
ment. Sivifi. 

6. Effeminate foftnefs. 

7. Niceties in the plural, dainties or de- 
licacies in eating. 

NICHAR, /. A pla-nt. Mtl'er. 

SMICh'E. j'.' [Ficnch.] A hollow in which 
a ftatue may be placed. Woiton. 

NICK. /. \nicke^ Teutonick, the twink- 
ling of an eye.] 

3. Exaft point of time at which there is 
neceirity or convenience. Suckling, 

a. A notch cut in any thing. 

3. A fcore j a reckoning. Shahfpeare, 

4. A winning throw. Prior, 
To NICK. *. a, [from the noun.] 

I. To hit ; to touch luckily 5 to perform 
by fome flight artifice. liudibras. 

s. To cut in nicks or notches. 


3. To fuit, as tallies cut in nicks. 


4. To defeat or cczen* Sbakefpeare, 
NICKNAME. /. [nom de ni^ue, Freijch.] 


A name given in fcofF or contempt. 

Ben. jfohnfon. 
To NICKNA'ME. v. ai To call by aa 

opprobrious appellation. Denham, 

To NI'CTATE. 'v. a. [niBo, Latin.] To 

wink. Ray. 

NIDE. /. [tndus, Latin.] A brood : as, a 

nide of pheafants, 
N I'D GET. /. [ corrupted from ni thing or 

niding.'] Camden. 

NIDIFICA'TION. /. [nidificatio,hn\n.^ 

The aft of building nefts. Derham^ 

Nl'DING. rt. [from ni«, Saxon, vilenefs.] 

Niding^ an old Englilh word fignifying ab- 

jeft, bafe minded. Careiv. 

NIDO'ROUS. a. [nidoreux, from nidor.y 

Refembling the fmell or tafle of roafted 

fat. Bacon, 

NI'pOROSITY./. [from fiidorou5.-\ Erufta- 

tion with the tafte of undigefled roafl- 

meat. Floyer: 

NIDULA'TION. /. [niduhr, Latin.] The 

time of remaining in the nefl, Broivn. 
NIECE. /. [niece, mef>cp, Fr. neptis^ Lat.J 

The daughter of a brother or fifler. 

NFGGARD. /. [ninggr, Iflandick,] A mi- 

fer ; a cuririudgeon. Sidney, 

NI'GGARD. a. Sordid ; avaricious ; par- 

cimonious, £)ryden. Shahjpeare, 

To NI'GGARD. v, a, [from the noun. ] 

To flint. Sbakefpeare^ 

NI'GGARDISH. a. [from niggard,^ Hav- 
ing fome difpofition to avarice. 
NI'GGARDLINESS. /. [from niggardly.-] 

Avarice ^ fordid parcimony. Addifon, 

NFGGARDLY. a. [from niggard.'] Ava- 
ricious J fordidly parcimonious. 

Hall. Dryden, Sidney, 
NI'GGARDLY. ad. Sparingly j parcimo- 

nioufly. Sbakefpeare, 

NIGGARDNESS. /. [frortt niggard.] A- 

varice ; fordid parcimony. Sidney. 

NIGH. prep, [nyh, Saxon.] At no great 

diflance from. Garth, 

KIGH. ad., 

I. Not at a great diftance, John. Phil, 

a.. To a place near. Milton, 

NIGH, a, 

1. Near; not diflant ; not remote. Pr/or, 

2. Allied clofely by blood. Knolles, 
To NIGH. V. n. [from the particle.] To 

approach ; to advance j to draw near. 

NI'GHLY. ad. [from nigh the adjeaive.] 

Nearly ; within a little. Locke. 

NI'GHNESS. /. [ from nigh, ] Nearnefs ; 

NIGHT. /. \_naiitSi Gothick ; nihc. Sax.] 

The time of darknefsj the time from 

fun-fet to fun-rife. Sbakefpeare. Crafhaio, 
To-NIGHT. adverbially. In this night j 

at this night. ^of, 



NIGHTBRA'WLER. /. [mgb( and irau-l- 

er.j One who raiTes difturbances in the 

night. 'Sbahejpeare. 

NI'GHTCAP. /. [night and cap.] A ci^ 

worn in bed, or in undrefs. Swift. 

Nl'GHTCROW. /. [nigbt and crciv.] A 

bird that cries in the night. Soakcfpeart. 

NI'GHTDEW. /. [right znA de-cv.] Dew 

that wets the ground in the night, Drydcn. 

NI'GHTDOG. /. [night and dog.'] A dog 

that hunts m the nighf. iihahjpeare. 

Nl'GHTDRESS. /. The drefs worn ac night. 


NI'GHTED. a. [from night.] Darkened j 

clouded ; black. Hbakefpeare, 

Nl'GHTFAREING. /. [night znA fare.] 

Travelling in the night. Gay. 

NI'GH IFIRE. /. [r.ight znA fre.] Ignis 

fatuus ; Will-aWifp. Heriert. 

NI'GHTFLY. /. [mght and/y.] Moth 

that flies in the night. Shakejpeare. 

NI'GHTFOUNDERED. /. [from night and 

founder.] Loft or djftrefTed in the night. 


NIGHTGOWN./, [night itx^ goivn.] A 

loofe gown ufed for an undrefs. Pope. 

NI'GHTHAG. /. [nigkt and hag.] Witch 

fuppofed to wander in the night. Milton. 

NI'GHTINGALE. /. [from night, and ga- 

Ian, S'xon, to fing.] 

I. A Imall bird that firgs in the night 
with remarkable melody ; Philomel. Sbak. 
1. A word of endearment. iibakejptare. 
NIGHTLY, ad, [itomnight.] 

\. By night. Addifon. 

1. Every night. Shakefpeare. 

NIGHTLY, a. [from right.] Done by 

night J ading by night. Dryden. 

NI'GHTMAN. /. [mght and tmn.] One 

who carries away ordure in the night. 
NI'GHTMARE. /. [night, and according 
to temple, mara, a Ipirit.] A morbid op- 
prefiion in the nigh^, refembling the pref- 
furc of weight upon the breart. 

Shakefpeare, Arbuthnot, 
NI'GHTPIECE. /. [n:ght 2inA piece.] A 
picture fo coloured as to be luppofed (ten 
by candle light. Addifon. 

NTGHTRAIL, /. [night and reji, Saxon, 
a gown. J A loofe cover thrown over the 
drels at night. Addifon. 

Nl'GHTRAVEN. /. [night in6 ra^ en.] A 
bird fuppjfed of ill omen, that cries loud 
in the night. Spenfer. 

Nl'GHTRULE. /. [mght and ru!e.] A tu- 
mult in the night. Hbake p are. 
NI'GHTSHADE. /. [mht pcaba, Saxon.J 
A plant of two kinds, common and deadly 
cight.fhade. MiiUr. 
NI'GH TSHINING. /. [night and Jhine.] 

Shewing br:ghtnel*s in the night. 
NI'GHTWALK./. [r.ight zn^ivalk.] W^lk 

in the night. 
Nl'GHTWALKER. /. [night snd ivaJk] 

N I P 

One who roves in the night upon iJ] de« 

'''gns- Afcham. 

NI'GHTWARBLING. [»/^Arand ivarble.^ 

Singing in the night. Milton. 

Nl'GHTWARD. a. [night and laard.] Ap- 
proaching towards night. Milton 
NI'GHTVVATCH. /. [ night and tuatcb. j 

A period of the night as diftmguifhed by 

change of the watch. Pfalms 

NIGRE'SCENT. a. [ nigrefcens, Latin, j 

Growing black. 
NIGRIFICA'TION. /. [ niger ^nifacio. 7 

The afl of making black. 
NIHI'LITY. /. [nibi/ite, Fr. nihilum,Ut.l 

Nothingnefs. fTatts, 

To NILL. V. a. [from ne ivill. ] Not to 

will J to refufc. Ben. Jobnfon. 

NILL. /. The fliining fparks of brafs in 

trying and melting the ore. 
To NIM. f. a. [ncmen, Dutch, to take.l 

To fteal. Hudibra^. 

NI'MBLE. a. [Uoxnnim.] Quick j adive j 

ready j fpecdy j lively j expeditious. Spenf.. 
NI'MBLENESS. /, [fxovcv nimble.] Quick- 

nefs ; activity ; fpeed. Hooker. 

Nl'MBLEWITTED. a. [nimble ^ni iuit.\ 

Qu'ck J eager to fpeak. Bacon. 

NI'MBLY. ad. [from nimble.] Quickly \ 

fpeedily ; actively. Davies. Btyle, 

NI'MBLESS. /. Nimbleoefs. Spenfer. 

NI'MIETY. /. [ nimietas, fchool Latin. J 

The ftate of being ton much. 
NI'MMER. /. [from nim.] A thief j a pil. 

NI'NCOMPOOP. /. [corruption of theLat. 

nvn compos. ] A fool ; a tr;fier. Addifon. 
NINE. j. [nijon, Saxon.J One more than 

NI'XEFOLD, /. [ nine and fold. ] Nine 

times. Alhon. Gay. 

NI'NEPINS. /. [ nine and p-.n. ] A play 

where nine pieces of wood are let up on 

th.- ground to be thrown down by a bowl. 


NI'NESCORE. a. [nim and fcore.] Nine 

times twenty. Addifon. 

NI'NETEEN. tf. [n: 3 -^ntyne, Saxon.J Nine 

and ten. 
NINETEENTH, a. [rijonrer JSa, Saxon.] 

The ordinal of ninetctn j the ninth after 

the tenth, 
NINETY, a. [ hu.i'anisor.rij, Saxon. ] 

Nine times ten. 
NINTH, a. [ne^^a, Saxon.J That which 

precedes the tenth. Brcivn. 

Nl'NTIETH. a. [hun&'-,i5onteo2;o£i. Sax. J 

The tenth nine times told. 
NI'NNY. /. [ninno, a child, Spanifh.J A 

fool ; a fimpleton. Sioift, 

NI'NNYHAMMER. /. [from ninny.] A 

fimpleton, Addifon, 

To NIP. -v. a. [nijpen, Dutch.] 

I. To pinch ot^' with the nails ; to bite 

with the teeth. Bacon, 

4 N ; a. Tq 


•i. To cut off by any flight means, 


%. To blaft J to deftroy before full growth. 


4. To pinch as froft. Shakejpeare. 

5. To vex; to bite. Spenfer. 

6. To fatirife j to ridicule j to taunt far- 
caftically. * jijchaw, 

KIP. /. [from the verb.] 

I. A pinch with the nails or teeth. 

a. A fmall cut. Shakejpeare. 

3. A blaft. Stipney, 

4. A taunt ; a farcafm. 
NITI'ER. /. [from «//>.] A fathift. 

NI'PPERS. /. [from »//>.] Small pincers. 
NI'PPINGLY. ad. [from nip,'] With bit- 
ter farcafm, 
NI'PPLE. /. [nypele, Saxon,] > 

1. The teat j the dug. R^y' 
3. The orilice at which any animal hquar 
is feparated. Derbanj. 

NI'PPLEWORT. /. [Lawpjar.a.] A very 
common weed. 

NISI PRIUS. /. [ In law. ] A judicial 
writ, which lieth in cafe where the inqueft 
is panelled, and returned before the juliices 
cf the bank J the one party or the other 
making petition to have this writ for the 
eafe of the country. It is fo called from 
the firft words of the writ, vifi apud talem 
locum priui "venen- 1. ■ 

NIT. /. [hnitu, Saxon.] The egg of a 
loufe. Derbam. 

KI'TENCY. /. [nitentia, Latin.] 
X. Luftre ; clear brightnefs. 

2. [From >2/W.] Endeavour j fpring. 


Nl' THING. /. A coward, daflard, pol- 

NI'TIDo a, [n'ltidui, Lat.] Bright j fnin- 
ing ; luiirous. Beyle. 

NI'TRE. /. {nitre, Fr. mtrum, Lat.] The 
fait which we know at this time, under 
the name of nitre or falt-petre, is a cryfr 
talline pellucid, but fomewhat whitifh fub- 
flance, of an acrid and bitten/h tafte, im- 
prellmg a peculiar ienit of co!dn«fs upon 
the tongue. This fait, though it afiord', 
ky means of fire, an acid fpirit capable of 
pwTolving almoft every thing, yet mani- 
teHs no ilgn of its containing any acid at 
all in Its crude ftare, Nure is of the num- 
ber oftlrfefalts which are naturally blend- 
ed in imperceptible particles in earths, 
liones, as the particles of metals ia their 
ores. The earth from which nitre is made, 
b'^th in Perlia and the Eafl^Indies, is a 
kind of yell'twi/h marl found in the bare 
cliff's of the fidsfs of kills expoled to the 
Rorthein and eaflern Wiods^ From this 


marl the fait is feparated by water ; hni 
the cryftals into which it fhoots, as we re- 
ceive them from the Eaft-Indies,are fmall, 
imperfeft, and impure. Earths of what- 
ever kind, moiftened by the dung and ex- 
crement of animals, frequently afford" »/- 
tre in large quantities. The earths at the 
bottom of pigeonhoufes, and thofe of fta- 
bles and cow-houfes, all afford nitre, on 
being thrown into water and boiled. In 
France, where very little n/'/r^ is imported, 
they make it from the rubbi/h of old mor- 
tar and plaifter cf buildings. There is no 
queftion but a manufaftory of nitre might 
be eftabliflied in England to as much ad- 
vantage as that of France. The natrum 
or nitre of the ancients, is a genuine, na- 
tive, and pure fait, extremely different 
from our nitre, and from all other native^ 
falts ; being a fixed alkali. 

Nl'TROUS. a. [ritreux, Fr, from nitre.] 
Impregnated with nitre. Blackmore. 

NI'TRY. a. [from nitre.'] Nitrous. Gay, 

NITTILY. ad. [from «/^0' 3 Loufily. 


NI'TTY. a. [from nit.] Abounding with 
the eggs of lice, 

NI'VAL. a. [nivalis J Latin.] Abounding 
with Inow, Di£i, 

NI'VEOUS. a. [ni'veuSy Lat.] Snowy, Broiv. 

NI'ZY. /. A dunce j a fimpleton. 

NO. ad. [na, Saxon.] 

1. The word of refufal. Calamy, 

2. The word of denial. Baccn. 

3. It fometimes ftrengthens a following 
negative j no not. Waller, 

No. a. 

1 . Not any j none. Pope. 

2. No one J none j not any one. 

To NOBI'LITATE. v. a. {mbilito, Latin.] 

To make noble. 
NOBI'LITY. /. [tiMitas, Latin.] 

J. Aotiquity of family joined with fplen- 
dour, Dryden. 

2. Rank or dignity of feveral degrees, 
conferred by fovereigns. Nobility in Eng- 
land is extended to five ranks j duke, mar- 
quis, earl, vifcoint. baron. 

3. The perfons cf high rank. Sbakefpeare, 

4. Dignity 5 grandeur* greatnefs. Sidney. 
NO'BLE. a. [noble, Fr. mbilis, Lat.] 

1. Of an ancient and fplendid family, 

2. Exalted to a rank above commonalty, 


3. Great; worthy; illuftrious. Milton, 

4. Exalted ; elevated ; fubhme, Dryden, 

5. Magnificent ; flately. 

6. Free ; generous j liberal. 

7 Principal j capital : as, the heart is 
one of the nsbls parts, 
NO BLE. /. 

?, One of high rank, Bacon^ 

2. A 


«. A coin rated at fix Hiillings and eiaht- 
pence. Camden. Baan. 

VO'BLE iiverwort. [Hepattca.] A plane. 

NO'BLEMAN. /. [noBli ^nd man.] One 
who 18 ennobled. D-yd n, 

NOBLENESS. /. [from rol^le.] 

I. Greatnefs J worth; dignity j magna- 
nimity. Slaki/fcari. Tuylor, 
7.. Splendour of defccnt. 

KO'BLESS. /. lr,ci>:cjfe, Fr.]. 

I, Nobility. This word is not now ufed. 


%■ Dignity ; greatnefs. Ben. Johnjon, 

3, Nblemen collectively. Shak.-fpiare. 

NO'BLY. ad. [from nohle.] 

1. Of ancient and fplendid extradlion. 

Dry den, 

2. Greatly J illuftriouny. Sbakejpeare. 

3. Grandly ; fplendidly. Addijon. 
NO'BODY. /. [as and'^c^^. ] No one j 

not any one. Clarendon, 

NO'CENT. a. [nccens, Latin.] 

1. Guilty; criminal. Bacon. 

2. Hurtful; milchievous. Miltcn. 
NOCK. /. [ncccbia, Italian.] 

I. A flit ; a nick ; a notch. 

2,. The fundament. Hudibrat, 

NOCTA'MBULO./. [nox zni ambulo, Lat.] 
One who walks in his fleep. Arbutbr.ot, 

NOCTI'DIAL. a. [noBis and diei.] Com- 
prinng a night and a day. Holder, 

NOCTl FERGUS, a, [nox^ndfero.'\ Bring- 
ing night. 

NOCTI'VaGANT. a. {noai'vagui, Latin.] 
Wandering in the nigh^, 

NO'CTUARY. /. [from ncSiU^Ut.'] An 
account of what pafles by night. Spc^ator, 

NO'CTURN. /. [ noaurne, Fr. noaumus, 
Latin.] An office of devotion performed 
in the night. Stillirgfeet. 

NOCTURNAL, a. [ ncaurnus, Uun. ] 
Nightly. Dryden. 

NOCTU'RNAL./. An inftrumentby which 
obfervations are made in the night. 

To NOD. V. n. [Of uncertain derivation.] 
I- To decline the head with a quick mo- 
tion. Shakejpeare, 
a. To pay a flight bcw. Sbjkefpeare. 

3. To bend downwards with <juick mo- 

4. To be drowfv. Addijon. 
NOD. /. [from the verb.] 

I. A quick declination of the head. 


a. A quick declination. Stakeff>eare, 

3. The mot:on of the head in d.-owilnefs. 


^. A flight obeifance. Sbuk-fpeare, 

NODA'TION. /. [from r.odo.'\ The aft 

of ma.king knots. 
^•0'DDER. /. [fromnJ^.J One who makes 

nods. Fopc, 

N O M 

NO'DDLE. /. [hnol, Saxon.] A head ; in 
contempt. Ben Jobtifon. SlUUngjieet, 

NO DDY. /. [fr m r.audm, F.cnch. J A fim- 
pleton ; ar. idiot. VEftrange, 

NODE. /. {^nudui, Lat.] 

1. A knot ; a knob. 

2. A fwellingon the bone, Wifitnant 

3. Interfc^ion. Holder, 
NODO'SITY. /. \_irom nodoJui,-LiX..] Com- 
plication ; knot. Broivn. 

NO'DOUS. a. [ncdofus, Lit,} Kn ttvj full 
of knots. Brown, 

NO'DULE. /. [nodulus, Latin.] A fmall 
-ump. fVood-ward, 

NO'GGEN. a. Hard ; rough ; harlh. 

E Ciipe of King Cbarles, 

NOGGIN. /. {r.ojfel, German.] A fmall 
mug. Arbutbnot, 

NOl'ANCE. /. [See Annoiance ] Mif« 
chief; inconvenience. Sbakefpeare. 

To NOIE. -v. a. To annoy. Ah old word 
difufdd. Tujfer, 

NOI'ER. /. [from no;>.] One who an- 
noys. I'jjfer, 

NOI'OUS. <7. [«o/o/o, Italian.] Hurtful j 
milchievous. Spenfer, 

NOISE. /. [noife, Fr.] 

1. Any kind of fcund. Bacon, 

z. Outcry; clamour; boafting or importu- 
nate talk. Baker, 
3. Occafion of talk. Addijon. 

To NOISE. "J. n. [ from the noun, l To 
found loud. Milton, 

To NOISE. V. a. To fpread by rumour, 
or report. Luke. Wotton. Bentley, 

NOrSEFUL. a. [noife end ful/.] Loud j 
clamorous. Dryden, 

NOI'SELESS. a. {Uomnoife.] S lent j 
without fnund. Sbaktj'pfare, 

NOI .^INESS. /. [ from noify. ] Loudnefs 
of lound. 

NOl'SEMAKER./. [noije and maker.] Cla- 
mourc:-. UEjirangc, 

NOl'iOME. a. [noiofo, Italian, j 

1. Noxious; mifchievous; unwholefome. 


2. OiTcnfive J difgufting. SLakefpeare. 
NOrSOMELY. ad. [i^omnoifome.] With 

a fcetid ftench j with an infedtious fte.m. 
NOrSOMENESS. /. [from mtfome.] Apt- 

nefs to difguft ; offeniivenefs. South, 

NOI'SY. a. [from «:;>.] 

1. Sounding loud. 

2. Clamorous ; turbulent. Smith. 
NOLL. /. [hnol, Saxon.J A head j a nod- 
dle. S ha kef pear c, 

NOLI tfte tangere, [Lat.] 

1. Kind of cncerous iwelJing. 

2. A plant. Mortimer, 
NOLI'TION. /. lnohao,Ut.] Unwilling- 

nsl"^'. Haie, 

NO'AIBLES. /. The entrails of a deer. 


N O N 

T^'OMENCLA'-TOR. f. [Lat. nomendateur, 

Fi.J One who calls things or perfons by 

their proper names, Addijon. 

■NOMENCLA'TURE. /. {nomenclature^ Fr. 

nomendaturay Lat.] 

3 . The ad of naming. Bacon. 

' ■a. A vocabulary 5 a di£lionary. Broiun, 
NOMINAL, a. Imminalisy Latin.] Refer- 

ing to names rather than to th ngs. Lccke. 
NO'MINALLY. ad. [from votninal.'] By 

name 5 titularly. 
To NO'MINATE. v. a. [nomino, Latin.] 

I. To name 5 to mention by name. 

Wot ton, 

■z. To entitle. Sfenfer, 

3. To fet down j to appoint by name. 

KOMINA'TION. /. {nomination, Fr. from 

nominate, ] 

1. The adt of mentioning by name. Wotton. 

7. The pi.wer of appointing. Clarendon. 
NOMINATIVE. [ nominatify Fr.] The 

cafe that primarily defignates the name 

of any thing. 
NON, v. a. [Latin.] Not. It is never 

ufed fepara'ely, but fometimes prefixed to 

words with a negative power. Pierce, 

IxO'NAGE. /. [non and age.'] Minority j 

time of life before legal maturity. 

Crap'aio. Hale, 
KONCE. /. [Tha original of this word is 

uncertain.] Purpofe j intent j defign. 

JsONCONFO'RMITY. /. [non and corf or- 


1. Refufal of compliance. Watts, 

2. Refufal to join in the eftablifhed religi- 
on. South. 

NONCONFO'RMIST. /. [non and ccnfor- 
mijl.] One who refufes to join in the cfta- 
bliflied worfhip. Swift, 

NONE. a. [ne ane. Sax,] 

J. Not one. Addifon. 

2. Not any, Fenian. 

3. Not other, Genefts. 

4. None of fometimes Cgnifies only em- 
phaticsliy not, 'Pfalms, 

NONE'NTITY. /. [non and entity.] 

J. Nonexiftence, Bentley, 

■z. A thing not exifting. South. 

NONEXI'STENCE. /. [non and exiftence.] 
Inexiftence j flate of not exifting, 


NONJU'RING. a. [non and jurOy Latin,] 
JSilonging to thofe who will not fwear al- 
legiance to the Hanoverian family. Sivift. 

NONjU ROR. /. [ from non and juror. ] 
One who who conceiving James II. unjuft- 
ly depofed, refufes to fwear allegiance tp 
thofe who have fucceeded him. 

NONNATURALS. /, [ non naturalla> ] 
Fhvficiafis reckon thcfeto be Cxi, viz, air, 


meat and drink, fleep and watchiflg, mo- 
tion and reft, retention and excretion, and 
the paflions of the mind. Brozun, 

NONPAREIL. /. [nonandpareil,Yr.] 

1. Excellence unequalled. Sbakefpeare, 

2. A kind of apple. 

3. Printers letter of a fmall fize, on which 
Imall Bibles and Common Prayers are 

NONPLUS./. [«o« and /./«!, Lat.] Puz- 
zle j mability to fay or do more. 

South, Locke, 

To NO'NPLUS. -v, a. [ from the noun. ] 
To cenfound ; to puzzle. Hudibras. South. 

NONRE'SIDENCE. /. [non and refidence.^ 
Failure of refidence. Sivift. 

NONRE'SIDENT. /. [ t:on and refdent. ] 
One who negleds to live at the proper 
place. S-wife, 

NONRESI'STANCE. /. [ non and rejijl- 
ance.] The principle of not oppofing the 
king ; ready obedifn:e to a'fuperiour. 

NO'NSENSE, /. [non and fenfe.] 

I. Unmeanicg or ungrammatical language. 

3. Trifles J things of no importance. 


NONSE'NSICAL. a. [itomnorfenfe.] Un- 
meaning j fooliih. Ray, 

NONSE'NSICALNESS. /. [from nonjenfi- 
cah] Ungrammatical jargon. 

NONSO'LVENT. /. [non indfohent.J One 
who cannot pay his debts. 

NONSOLU'TION. /. [ non and folufiott. ] 
Failure of folution, Broome, 

NONSPA'RING. a, [non and f paring. ] 
Mercilefs ; all-deflroying. Shakefpeare, 

To NONSUIT, -y. ^. [nomndfuit.] To 
deprive of the benefit of a legal procefs 
for fome failure in the management. 


NOO'DLE. /. [from noddle ot noddy.] A 
fool ; a fimpleton. 

NOOK. /. [from een hoecky German.] A 
corner. Davies^ 

NOON. /. [non, Sax.] 

1. The middle hour of the day. Dryden* 

2. It is taken for midnight. Dryden. 
NOONDAY. /. [noon and day.] Midday. 


NOO'NDAY. a. MeridionaL Addijon. 

NOO'NING. /. [ from noon. ] Repofe at 

NOO'NTIDE. /. [noonz-ndtide.] Midday. 

NOO'NTIDE. a. Meridional. Shakefpeare, 

NOOSE. /. [nofada, entangled.] A run- 
ning knot which ihe more it is drawn 
binds the clofer. Sandyi, 

To NOOSE, "v. a, [from the noun.} To 
tie in a hoofe. Government of the Tongue, 

NOPEo /. A kifsd of bird csikd a bull- 
^nch Q$ redtailt 



J^OR. anjunSI. [ne er,] 

1. A particle mat king the feconj or fub- 
fequenc branch of a negative propofuion. 


2. Two negatives are fomctimcs joined, 
but ill. Skak'fpeare, 

3. Nor isfomctimes ufed in the firft branch 
lor neither j as, 

I nor Jovcmyfelf, nor thee. B. jfohnfon. 
NORTH, f. [nopS, Saxon.] The point 

oppofuc to the lun in the meridian. 

NORTH, a. Northern. Numbers. 

NORTHEAST. / [n.ordooj}, Dutch.] The 

point between the north and eaft. 

NO'RTHERLY. a. [from zorth.^ Being 

towards the north. Derbam. 

NO'RTHERN. a. [from r.ortb.'\ Being in 

the north. Shakejfxare, 

NORTHSTA'R. /. [northing par. ■[ The 

poleftar. Shjksfpeare, 

NO'RTHWARD. a. [vortb and peaj\*D, 

Saxon.] Being towards the north. 
NORTHWARD. 7 ad. [ north and 

NO'RTHWARDS. ^ ps3ja&, Saxon.] 

Towards the north. Shakefpeare. 

NORTHWEST./, [north zn^.-weji.] The 

point between the north and weft. 


NORTHWI'ND. /. [vortb and w.'W.] The 
wind that biows Irom the north. Milton. 
NOSE. /. [na-pe, nopa, Six.] 

1. The prominence on the face, which is 
the organ of fcent and the emunftory-of 
the brain. Locke, 

2. The end of any thing. Holder. 

3. Scent J fagacity. Collier, 

4. To lead by the Nose. To drag by 
force : as, a bear by his ring. To lead 
bJindJy. Shakefpeare. 

5. To thruji one''i NosE into the affairs of 
others. To be a bufy body. 

6. To put one^s NosE out of joint.] To 
put one out of the afteftions of another. 

To NOSE 1'. a. [from the noun.] 

1. Tofcentj to fmell. Shakefpeare. 

2. To face j to oppofe. 

To NOSE. v. n. To look big j to blufler. 

NOSE'BLEED. /. \jiofe and bleed.\ A kind 

of herb. 
NO'SEGAY. /i [«c/> and^ar)'.] A pofie ; 

a bunch cf flowers. Skakejpeare, Pope. 
NO'SELESS. a, [from nofe.] ' Wanting a 

nofe. Shakefpeare. 

NOSE SMART. /. [nofe and fmart.] The 

herb creffes. 
NO'SLE. 7'. [from rro/f.] The extremity of 

a thing : as, the nofle of a pair of beilowF. 
NO'SOLOGY. /. [v»Ve;and^o>o;.] Doc- 

Uiae of difeafes. 


NOSOPOE'TICK. a. [ vaVoj and Tra:?^,. ] 
Producing difcafe:. Art-ut' ,.o' 

NO'STRIL. /. [nofe, an.^ «ypl, ahoJc, Sax. j 
The cavitv in the nofe. Bacon, 

NOSTRUM, f [Latin.] A medicine nor 
yet made publick, but remaining in fome 
fingle hand. Sti.'lirg fleet,, 

NOT. ad. [ne auht, Saxon ■ nict, Dutch.] 

1, The particle of negation or refulal. 


2. It denotes ceflfation or extindlioD. No 

NO TABLE, a. [notable, Fr, notabilis, Lat.j 

1. Remarkable J memorable j obfervabie. 

Sidney. Clarendun* 

2. Careful; buftllng. Add-.fcr., 
NOTABLENESS. /. [from notable.] Ap- 
pearance of bufinefs. 

NO'TABLy. ad, [from notable.-] 

1. M-mofibly j remarkably. Bacon, 

2, With confequence j with fliew of im- 
portance. ■ Addifon. 

NOTARIAL, a, [from notary.] Takea 
by a notary. Ayliffe, 

NO'TARY. /. [rtotaire, Fr. from notarius, 
Latin.] An officer whole bufinefs it is to 
take notes of any thing which may con-- 
cern the publick. Hooker. 

NOTATION. /. [notatio, Latin.] 

1. Theadl or praftice of recording any 
thing by marks: as, by figures or letters. 

1. Meaning; fignification. Hamm^.rJ., 

NOTCH. /. [r:occhia, Italian.] A nick j a 
hollow cut in any thing. Greiv. 

To NOTCH, -v. a, [from the noun.] To 
cut in fmall hollows. Grevj. 

NOTCHWE'ED. /. [notch and iveed.] An 
herb called orach. 

NOTE, [for ne tnAe.] May not. Spenfer, 

NOTE. /. [nota, Lat. note, Fr.] 

1. Mark; token. Hooker, 

2. Notice ; heed. Shakefpeare, 

3. Reputation; confequencc. Abbot, 

4. Reproach j ftigma. Shakefpeare, 

5. Account J information J inteii.-gcrce. 


6. Tune; voice. Hoiktr. 

7. Single found in mufick, Dryden, 

8. State of being obferved. Bacon. 

9. Short hint; fmall paper, Shak<'fpeare. 
JO. Abbreviation ; fymbol, Bsker. 

11. A fmall letter. Drydc, 

12. Written paper. Siuifc. 

13. A paper given in cOiifeflion of a 
debt. . , Arbuttrct. 
u. Exolanatory annotation. TtU'r.. 

NOTEBOOK./, [ror- and ^0'.*.] .A book 
in which notes and mc.iaorandutns are let- 
down. Sbakfpcare. 

To NOTE. v. a, [noto, Latin ; nottr, Fr. j 
I. To obferve j to rt.T.ark ; ;o heed ; tc 
accend, w.-^.;.^:-. 


a. To deliver ; to fet down. Hooker, 

3. To charge with a crime. Dryden. 

4. [Ja mufick.] To fet down the notes 
of a tune. 

NO'TED. fart. a. [from note.'] Remarka- 
ble j eminent J celebrated. Boyle. 

NOTER. J. [from note.] He who takes 

NOTHING. /. [no zn^tbing ; nathivg, Scot- 

I. Negation of being ; nonentity; uni- 
verfal negation J oppofed to fomethirg. 

«. Nonfxiftence. Shakefpeare. 

3. Not any thing j no particular thing. 


4. No other thing. Wake. 

5. No quantity or degree. Clarendon. 

6. No importance ; no ufe. Spenjtr. 

7. No pofleflion or fortune. Shakefpeare. 

8. No difficulty j no trouble. Ray. 

9. A thing of no proportion. Bacon, 
JO. Trifle J fomethingofnoconfideration. 

IT, Nothing has a kind' of advefbial figni- 
fication. In no degree. Knolles, 

NO'THINGNESS. /. [from nothing.] 

1. Nihility j nonexif^ence. Donne, 
•z. Thing of no value. Hudibrai. 

NO'TICE. /. [notice, Fr. notitia, Lat.j 
J. Remark. J heed j obfervation j regard. 


2. Iriformation ; intelligence gTye'n or re- 
ceived. Shakefpeare. 

NOTIFICATION. /. [notification^ French, 
from notify. \ Aft of making kfiown. Hold. 

To NO'lIFY. -v. a. [r.otifier, Fr. notifico., 

Lat. j To declare j to make known. 

Hookdr. Whitgifte. 

NO'TION. /. [nation, Fr.] 

1. Thought 5 reprefentation of any thing 
formed by the mind, JSfcivton. 

2. Sentiment J opinion. 

Atttrbury. Shakefpeare. 
NO'TIONAL, a. [from notion.] 

1. Imaginary; ideal. Prior, 

2. Dealing in ideas, not realities. 


NOTIONA'LITY. /. [ from notional. ] 
Empty, ungrounded opinion. Ghmilie. 

NO'TIONALLY. ad. [from notional.] In 
idea ; mentally. Norris, 

NOTORI ETY. /. [noioricte\ Fr. from no- 
torious.] Publick knowledge j publick ex- 
pcfure. Addifon. 

NOTO'RIOUS. a. [rotorius, Lat. notoire, 
Fr,] Publickly known ; evident to the 
world; apparenr ; not hidden. Whitgifte. 

NOTO'RIOUSLY. ad. [ from notorious. ] 
Publickly; evidently. Clarendon. 

NOTO'RIOUSNESS. /. [from notonoui.] 
Publick fame. 

To NOT T. -v. a. To /hear. Ainfivorth. 

NO'TWHEAT. /. [n^r and tuhcat.] Of 

N o tr- 

wheat there are two forts ; French, which 
is bearded, and requireth the beft foil, and 
notiuheat, fo termed becaufeit is unbearded. 
NOTWITHSTA'NDING. conj. This word 
is properly a participial adjeftive, as it is 
compounded of not and ivithfianding, and 
anfvvers exaftly to the Latin non ohjiante.] 

1. Without hindrance or obflruftion from. 

Decay of Piety, 

2. Although. Mdifon, 

3. Neverthelefs ; however. Hooker, 
NO'TUS. f [Latin.] The fouthwind. ikf/7^ 
NOVA'TION. /. [novatio, Latin.] The 

introduftion of fomething new. 

myA'TOR. f [Latin.] The introducer 
of fomething new. 

NOVEL, a. [novellui, Latin.] 

J. New ; not ancient, 'l^'"g Charles, 

2. [In the civil law.] Appendant to the 
rode, and' of later <;na£tion, Ayliffe, 

NO'VEL. /. [nouveitcy French.] 

1. A fmall tale. Dryden, 

2. A law annexed to the code. Ayliffe, 
NOVELIST. /. [from no-vel,] 

1. Innova-torj aliertor of noVelty. Bacon, 

2. A writer of novels. 
NO'VELTY. /. [nou-veautiy French.] New- 

nefs J ftate of being unknown to former 

times. Hooker. 

NOFE'MEER. f [Litin.] The eleventh 

month of the year, or the ninth reckoned 

from March. 
NO'VENARY. /. [ novenariui, Latin. ] 

Number of nine. Broivn, 

NOVE'RCAL. a. [novercalis, from no-ver^ 

ca, Litin. J Havmg the manner of a ftep- 

mother. Dcrhant. 

NOUGHT. /. [ne auht, Sax.] 

1. Not any thing 5 nothing. Fairfax. 

2. To fet at nought j not to value ; to 
flight. Proverbs, 

NO' VICE. /. [no'vice, Fr. novitius, Latin.] 

1. One not acquainted with any thing ; a 
frefh man. Shakefpeare. 

2. One who has entered a religious houfe> 
but not yet taken the vow. 

NO'VITIATE. /. [noviciat, Fr.] 

1. The ftate of a novice; the time In 
wh'ch the rudiments are learned. South. 

2. The time fpent in a religious houfe, by 
way of trial, before the vow is taken. 

NO'VITY. y. [novitas, L&t'm.] Newnefs ; 

novelty, Broivn. 

NOUL. The crown of the head. See Noil. 

NOULD. Ne v/ould ; would not. Spenfer. 
NOUN. /. [ nom, French; ncmcn, Latin. ] 

The name of any thing in grammar. 

To NOU'RISH. v. a, [ftourrier, French j 

nutrio, Lat.] ' 

1. To encreafe or fupport by food. 


2. To fupport J to maintain. Sbakfpeare. 

3. Ta 


3. To encourage J to foment. Hoeier. 

4. To train, or edccite. 1 Tim. 

5. To promote gruwth or ftrength, as food. 


To NOU'RISH. -v. n. To gain nouriflimenr. 

Unufual. Bacon. 

NOU'RISHABLE. a. [from »o«/A] Suf- 

c<rptjve of njurilhment. Grew, 

NOU'RISHtR. /. [from nourijh.] The per- 

Ion or tjimg that nounllier. 

V Sbakefpeare. Bacon. 

NOU'RISHMENT. /. [nour,J.ment, Fr.j 

J. That which is given or received, in or- 

ricr to the fupport or cncrsafe of growth or 

flrength ; food j fufter.ance. Neivton. 

■2. Nutrition; fupport of firengtb. M/-'r. 

3. Suftentationj fupply of things needful. 


NO'URSLING./. The nurfe ; the nurfling. 


NOTRITURE. /. [nourriture,Tienih.] E- 

d Illation ; in'biution. Spenfer, 

To NOU'SEL. -v. a. To nurfe up. Upenjer, 

NOW. ad. [nu, Saxon.] 

I. At this time j at the time prefent. 

z. A little while ago. Shakcfpeare. 

3. At one time j at another time. Pope. 

4. It is fometimes a particle of connexion j 
as, if this be true, he is guilty j noiv this 
is true, therefore he is guilty. Rogers, 

5. After this j fince things are fo, in fami- 
liar fpeech, L^ EJirange, 

6. Now and then ; at one time and ano- 
ther } uncertainly. Dryder, 

KOW. /". Prefent moment. Coivley, 

NOWA'DAYS. ad. In the prefent age. 

Gar rick, 

NO'WED, a. [noue, French.] Knotted; in- 
wreathed. Brczvn. 

NO WES. /. [from nou, old French.], The 
marriage knot, Crjjhaiu. 

NO'WHERE. ad. [no and ivbere.] Not in 
any place. Ti'lo'fon. 

NO'WISE. /. Not any manner or degree. 


NO'XIOUS. a. [noxius, Latin.] 

I. Hurtful; harmful j baneful. Bro-wn, 
z- Guilty ; criminal. BramhaU. 

NO'XIOUSNESS. /. [from;;e*/o«:.] Hurt- 
fuiner": ; infalubrity. Hammond. 

NO'XIOUSLY. ad. [from ncxious.] Hurt- 
tully ; pernicioully, 

NO'ZLE. /. [from no/>.J The nofe ; the 
fnout ; the end. A'butbnot. 

To NU'BBLE. V. a. To bruife with handy 
cuffs. Ainfiaorib. 

NU'BIFEROUS. a. [nublfer, Lat.J Bring- 
ing clouds. 

To NUBILATE. v. a. [rubi/o, Latin.] To 

NUBILE. *. [ rK^/'.V, Fr. .j76^/7/i, Latin. ] 
MarfJ»i€il'i'e i fit for marjijgj. Priir, 

N U M 

NU'CIFEROUS. a [ aad/ero, Lzf.] 


A'O'CLEUS, f. [Latin.] A kernel; any 
thing about which matter is gathered or 
congl<.bate<4. IVuvhuard. 

NUDATION./. {ix.^mnudo, Lat,] ine^ft 
' f miking bare or n •ked, 

NU'DIl y. /. [, Fr. nudus, Lntin.J 
Naked parts. Drydcn, 

NU'EL. See Newel. 

NUGA'CITY. /. \nugacii, Litin.] Futili- 
ty ; trifling talk or behaviour. /urj 

NUGA'TION. /. [n^^or, Latin.] The aft 
or pr.c'l ce of trifling. Bacon. 

NU/GATORY. a. [nugatorhis , Lat.] Trifl- 
Jng ; fiHile. BentUy, 

NUISANCE. /. Inuijance^ French.] 

1. Something n'lxious or oftcnfjve. South, 

2. [Inlaw] Something that incommodes 
the neighbouihocd. 

To NULL, v.a, [«u//;<i, Latin.] To an- 
nul ; to annihilate. Milton. 

NULL. a. [nuli'us, Latin.] Void ; of no 
force ; ineffcftual, Siuift. 

NULL. /. Something of no power, or no 
meaning. Bacon. 

NULLIBI'ETY. /. [from tiullihi, Litin.] 
The ftate of being nowhere. 

To NU'LLIFY. -v. a. [fr< m nullus, Latin.] 
To annul ; to make void, 

NU'LLITY. /. [nullite', French.] 

I. Want of f>rce or efficacy. South. 

1- Want of exiftence. Bacon, 

NLMB. a, [benumen, Saxon.] 

1. Torpid; chill; motionlefs. Shakefp, 
z. Producing chiUnefs ; benumbing. 


To NUMB. V. a. To make torpid j to 
deaden ; tn flupify. tihakefpcare, 

NU MBEUNESS. /. [from numbed.^ 'inter- 
ruption of lenfation. Pi ifctnan. 

To NU'MBER. -v. a. [ncmbrcrj Fr. numsro, 

I. To count; to tell j to reckon how 
many. Nuirbers, 

z. To reckon as one of the fame 

I aiah. 

NU'.MBER. /. frofri^f.French.] 

1. The fpeoes of quantity by wh'ch it is 
computed how ma.ny, ShakcJ^.fare, 

2. Any particular aggregate of units ; as, 
evin ar odd. Shuh .^CJre. 

3. Miny ; more than one. Aidifon, 

4. Multitude that may be counted. MUt. 
c. C >mpar5tive multitude. Bitcon. 

6. Aggregated multitude. Baun, 

7. Harmony ; proportions calculated by 
number. Milt en. 

8. Vcifesj poetry. Po[>e. 

9. I;i the noun is the variation or change 
of term-nation to fjgnify a r.urr.her more 
than one. Clarke. 

4 O NUM. 


NU'MBERER. /. [from number.] He who 

NU'MBERLESS. a. [from number.] Innu- 
merablej more than can be reckoned. 

Denham. Siu'Jt. 

NU'MELESS. /. [nomblcs, French.] The 
entrails of a deer. Bailey. 

NU'MBNESS. /. f from numb. ] Torpcr j 
deadnt-fs; ftupefaaion. Milton. 

NU'IVIERABLE. a. [numerabilis, Latin.] 
Capable to be numbered. 

NIJ^MERAL, a. [vufneral,'Fvtnch.] Relat- 
ing to number 3 confifting of number. 


KU'MERALLY. ad. [from numeral] Ac- 
cording to number. Broior. 

NUMER.ARY. a. [numerus, Latin ] Any 
thine belonging to a certain number. 


NUMERATION. /. [numeration, French.] 
1, The art ot numbering. Locke. Bro~cn. 
a. The rule of arithmecick which leeches 
the notation of numbers and method of 
reading numbers regularly noted. 

T^UMERA'IOR. f. [Latin.] 

1. He that numbers. 

2. [Numeratcur,Fr.] That number which 
ferves as the common meafure to others. 

NUME'RICAL. a. [from rumerus, Latm ] 

1. Numeral j denoting number. Locke. 

2 . The fame not only in kind or fpecie?, 
but number. South. 

NUME'RICALLY. aJ. [from numerical.] 

Refpe£^ing famenefs in number. Boyle. 

NU'MERIST. /. [from numerus, Latin.] 

One that deals in numbers. Broivrr. 

NUMERO'SITY. /. [from numerofu!, Lat.] 

I. Number j the ftate of being numerous. 

1. Harmony ; numerous flow. 
NU'MEROUS. a. [numerofui, Latin.] 

1, Containing many J ccnfiftng of msnv j 
not few. JVuller. 

2. Haimonious ; confifting of parts rightly 
numbered \ melodious 5 mufical. 

PFaVer. Dryden. 
NU'MEROUSNESS. /. [ numereui.] 

1. The quality of being numerous. 

2. Harmony ; n:iuficalners. Dryden. 
NU'MMARY. a. [from nawiw&s, Lat,] Re- 
lating to^pioney. Arbuthnot. 

NU'MSKULL. /. {rumh zn^ p^ull] 

1. A dullard j a dunce j a dolt j a block- 

2. The head. In burlefque. 

NU MSKULLED. a. [from numjhull.] Dull j 

flupid ; doltifh. 
NUN. /. A woman dedicated to the feverer 

duties of religion, feduded in acloifter from 

the world. Mdifon. 

'NUN. f. A kind of bird. Ainfzcortb. 

NU'NCIATURE. /. [from nuncio, Latin.] 

The office of a nuncio. 
X^VNCIO, f. [Ital:an, from ««nfw, Latin.] 

N U R 

1. A meflenger j one that brings ti/lings. 


2, A kind of fpiritual envoy from the pope. 

NU'NCHION. /. A piece of viduals eaten 
between meals. lludibras. 

NUNCUPA'TIVE. 7 a. Uuvcupatif, Fr.] 
NUNCUPA'TORY. 5 Publitkly or fo- 
lemnly declaratory ; verbally pronounced. 
NU NDINAL. 7 a. [mrdinal, Fr. from 
NU'NDINARY. J nunditia, hi<m.] Be- 
longing to fairs. ' 
NUNNERY. /. [from nur..] A houfe of 
nuns, of women dedicated to the feverer 
duties of religion. Dryden, 

NU'PTIAL. a. [nuptial, French ; nuftiaiis, 

Latin.] Pertaining to marriage. 
NU'PTIALS. /. [nuptia.LzUTi.] Marriage. 

NURSE. /. [nourrice, French.] 

1 . A woman that has the csrc of another's 
child. R'liigh. 

2. A woman ihat has care of a fick per- 
fon. Sbakefpeare, 

3. One who breeds, educates, or proteds, , 


4. At old woman in contempt, hlackm. 
^, The flate of being nurfed. Clea-vstand, 
6. In ctmpufition, any thing that fupplies 
food. Walton. 

To NURSE, nj.a. [wowrr/r, French,] 

1. To bring up a child not one's own, 

* Exodus. 

2. To bring up any thing young. Dryden.. 

3. To feed j to keep j to maintain. 


4. To tend the fick. 

5. To pamper 3 to foment j to encourage. 

NU'RSER. /. [from nurfe.] 

J One thdt nurfes. Shak^Jpeare, 

2. A promoter ; a fomenter. 
NU'RSERY. /. [from nurfe.] 

1. The att cr office of nurfiag. Shakefp, 

2. That which is the ob]zC(. of a nurJe's 
care. Miltotit 

3. A plantation of young trees to be tranf- 
planted to other ground. Bacon. Adaijon, 

4. Place where young children are nurfed 
and brought up. Bccor, 

5. The place or fit<ite where any thing is 
foftered or brought up. Skakejpeare. 

NU'RSLINC. /. [from nurfe.] One nurfed 

up; a fondling. Dryden. 

NU'R rURE. /. [contra£^ed from noumture, 


I. Food ; diet. Milton. 

%. Education j inftitution. Spenjer. 

To NU'RTURE. -v, a. [from the noun j 

1. To educate j to train } to bring up. 


2. To nurture up\ to bring by care and 
food to maturity, Bemley. 



To NU'STLE. T. a. To ior.ilt j to chcri/li. 

A' njiuorth. 
NUT. /. [hnu-r, Saxon ] 

1. The f uit of certain trep? ; it confirts 
of a kernel covered by a hard fhcll. 


2. A fmall body with teeth, which corre- 
fpond with the teeth of wh-el.f, Ray. 

NU'TBROVVN. a [^lut and broivti,'] Rrown 
like a nut kept long. Milton. 

NU'TCRACKERS. /. [nut and crack,] An 
indrument ufed to enclofe nuts and break 
them. AUifov. 

NUTGALL. /. [nut and gall ] Excrefccnce 
of an oak. Brian. 


NU'TJ(^B3ER. > f. A bird. Ainfjo. 


NU'THOOK. /. [nutinibook.] A ft ck with 
a honk at the end. Shak'fp^are. 

NU'TMEG. /. [nut and muguec, Fr.J. The is a kernel of a large fruit not unlike 
the peach, and feparated from that and from 
its inve/iient coat, the nnce, before it is 
fent over to us ; except that the whole fruit 
is fometinnes fent over in prcferve, by way of 
fweet-meat eras a curiofity. The nutmeg 
.is roundifh, of a compact texture, and its 
furface furrowed : it is of an extremely 
agreeable fmeli and an aromatick tafte. 
The tree whxh produces them is not unlike 
our pear-tree in its manner of growth : its 
leaves, whether green or dried, have, when 

N Y S 

bruifed, a vtry fragrant fmel! j and the 

trunk or bra/iche', r ut or broken off, yield 

a red liquor like bl"t>d. //;//. 

NUTSHELL./, [nut i.n^ Jhe'l] Thi" hard 

fubftance that inclofes the kernel of the nut. 


NU'TTREE. /. [nvtan^ tree.] A tree that 

b-irsnuts; a hazle. Dryden, 

NUTRICA'TION. /. [nutricatio, Latin.] 

Manner r f deeding or being fed. Bronvn, 
NU'TRIMENT. ;. [nutrimentum, Latin.] 

Food ; aliment. South, 

NUTRIME'NTAL. a. [from nutriment ] 

Rdvmg the q-jnlicies of food. Arbutbr.ot, 
NUTRITION. /. [nutrition, French.] The 

eft or quahtv of nouri/hing. Clan-v, 

NUTRITIOUS, a. [irom niitrio, Ltin.] 

Having the quality of nourifhing. Arbutb, 
NUTRITIVE J. [from»arr;£>,Lat.J Nou- 

ri/hinp ; nutrimental. 
NUTRITURE. /. [ivomnuirio, Lit.] The 

power of nouri/hing. Har-vey, 

To NU'ZZLE. -v. a. [corrupted f.-om nurjlt.-^ 

1. To nurfe ,• to fofter. Sidney, 

2. To go with the nofe down like a lug. 


NYMPH. /. [wu^,.] 

I. A goddefs of ihe wopds, meadow.'^, or 
waters. Davies, 

a. A lady. In poetry. IVa'Jcr. 

NYS. [A corruption of ne n.] None is ; not 
is, Sperjer, 




OHas in EnghHi, a long found j as, 
d>-Qr.e, grsjn, Jione • or Ihort, got, 
knot, jhjt. It is ufuaily denoted long 
by a fervile a fubjoined ; as, n:oan^ or by e 
at the end of the fyllable ; as, bone. 

1. O is iiftd as an interjeflion of wifliing 
or exclamation. Decay of Piety. 

2. O is ufcd by Shak fpeare for a circle or 
oval ; as, within this wooden 0. 

OAF. /. 

1, A changeling ; a foolifh child left by the 
furies. Drayton. 

2. A dolt; a blockhead ; an idiot. 
OA'FISH. a. [from c<2/.] Stupid j dull j 

OA'FISHNESS. /. [homo^Jijh.] Stupidity j 

Oak. /. [ac, aec, Sixon,] The sa^ tree hath 


male flowers. The embryos sfterward5 acorns in hard fcaly cui>s ; the leaves 
are finuated. The fpecies are five, MdUr, 
OAK. [Evergreen.] The. Wood of this tree 
is very good for many fjrts of tools. 

OAKA'PPLE. /. [oak and apbl^ A kind of 
fpongy excrefcence on the oak. Bacon. 

OA'ixEN. a. [from 7/4.] Made of oak ; 
gathered from oak. Arhuthrct, 

OA'KENPIN. /. An apole. ' Mortimr. 

O.A.'KUM. /. Cards untvvifted and reductd 
to hemp. RiUigh. 

OAR- /• [°n5. Saxon.] A long pole with a 
broad end, by which veflTels arc dr.ven in 
the water. TFihns, 

To OAR. V. n. [from the noun.] To row. 


4 O a To 

O B E 

To OAR. v.a. To impel by rowing. 

OA'RY. a. [from oar.'\ Having the form 
or ufe of oars Mthon, 

OAST./". A kiln. Not in ufe. Morf/mfr. 
OATCA'KE. /. [oat and cake.^ Cake made 
of the meal of oats. Peacbam, 

OA'TEN. a, [from oa!.'] Made of oats j 
bearing oats. Shakefpeare, 

OATH. /, [aS, Saxon.] An affirmation, ne- 
gation, or promife, corroborated by the at- 
teOati -n of the Divine Being. Bacon, 

OA THABLE. a. [from oath, A word not 
ufeH.J Capable of having an oath adm.ini- 
ftered , Shakefpeare, 

OATHBREA'KING. /. [oJtb &nd hnak.] 
Peijury 5 the violation of an oath. 


OATMALT. /. [catani}«alt.] Malt made 

of oats. Mortimer. 

OATMEAfi. /. [oat and meal.] Flower 

made by grinding cats. ^rbuthnot, 

OA'TMEAL, /. An herb. Amjworth, 

OATS. /. [arer, Saxon,] A grain, which 

inJEr.gland is generally given to horfes. 


OATTHI5TLE. /. [oat znithifik.] An 

herb. Jjinjit^orth. 

OBAMULATION. /, [chamuhtio, from 

obamulo. La .] The j£l of walking about. 


To OBDU CE. f. a. [obduco, Latin.] To 
diaw ver dS a covering. Haie, 

OBDU'CTIOM. /. [from oUufiio, obduco^ 
Latiii. j The aft of covering, or laying a 

OBDU'RACY. /, [horn e^dw ate.] Inflex- 
ible vi-sckedncfs j impenitence j hardnefs of 
fieart. South. 

OBDU RATE. a. [ohdumtus, Latin.] 

I. Hard of heart j inflexibly chftmate in 
ill ; hardened. Shakefpeare. 

7.- Hardened } frnti j ftubborn. South, 
5. TTirfh ; roeged. Sivift, 

OBDURATELY, ad. [{torn obdurate.] 
S'-bhorniy ; inflexibly. 

OB-U'RAThNESS. /. [from obdurate.] 
Stvibbornuefs j inflexibility j impenitence. 

OBDURA'TION./. [from obdurate.] Hard- 
ncfs <;f Hooker, 

OBDU'REiy fl. [obduratus, Lat.] Hardened} 
iiflexible.^, Milton. 

OBE'DIENCE. /. [obfdiintia,LzUT\.] Obfe- 
qui ufiiefs j ifubmiflion to authoritv. 


OBE'DIENT. a. [obediem, L%{\f^.] S.ibmif- 
[ive to authority ; compliant with command 
or pr-.hibition j obfequiouj. Tillotfon. 

OBE'DIENTJAL. a. \obedieniid, Fr. from 
oteditnt.] According to the rule of obedi- 
ence. Wake. 

OQEDIENTLy. ad. [ixQm obedient^.] With 


OBEISANCE./. [obafatice,'Sitr..] A bow 

a courtely ; an aft of reverence. Sbakefp, 
O'BELISK. /, {obehfcui, Latin.] 

1. A magnificent high piece of marble, ot 
ftone, having ufually four faces, and lefTen- 
ing upwards by degrees. Harris. 

2. A mark of ceafure in the margin of a 
book, in the form of a dagger, [-j- 1. 


OBEQUITATION. /. [from obequi to, Lat.] 
The aft of riding about. 

OBERRA'TION. /. [from c^^rro, Latin.] 
The aft of wandering about. 

OBE'SE. a. [obefus, Lmn.] Fat j loadea 
with flefh. 

OBE'SENESS. 7 /. [from obefe.] Morbid 

OBE'SITY. ^ fatnefs. Grciu. 

To OBEY. V. a. \_obctr, French.] To pay 
fubmiffion to ; to comply with, from re- 
verence to authority. Romans, 

O'BJECT. /. [objet, French.] 

1. That about which any power or faculty 
is employed. Hammond. 

1. Something prefented to the fenfes to 
raife any affcftion or emotion in the mind. 
3. [In grammar,] Any thing influenced 
by fomewhat elfe. Clarke, 

OBJE'CTGLASS. /. Glafs rcmotefl from 
the eye. Ntivton. 

To O'BJECT. "v. a. [cbjeBcr, Fr. ohjicio, 
objiil^m, Latin.] 

1. To oppofe J lO prefent in oppofition. 

Baron. Pope, 

a. To propofe as a charge criminal, or a 

resfon adverfe, JVhitgifte^ 

OBJE'CTION. /. [obje^ion, Fr. ohjefiio, 


7. The aft of prefenting any thing in op- 

2. Criminal charge. Shakefpeare, 

3. Adverfe argument. Bur nee, 

4. Fault found. JValjh, 
O'BJECTIVE. a. [objeSJif, Trench.] 

J. Belonging to the objeft j contained in 
the objeft. Watts, 

2. Made an objeft j propofed as an objeft. 

O'BJECT IVELY. ad. [from objeBive.] 

1. In manner of an objrft. Locke. 

2. In a ftate of oppofition. Brcum. 
O'BJECTIVENESS. /. [ from objcHi^e. ] 

'ihe ftate of being an objeft, Hale. 

OBJE'CTOR. /. [from objecl.] One who 

ofters objefticns. Blackmore. 

OBIT. /. [a corruption of obiit, or obi-vit.] 

Funeral obfequie.'. Amfioorth. 

To OBJU'RGaTE. v.a. [objurgo, Lzun.] 

To chide J ro reprove. 
OBJURGA'TION. /. [cbjurgatlo, Latin.] 

Reproof j reprehenfion. Bramhall, 

OBJU'RGATORY. a, [obju^gatorius, Lat.] 

Rcpreheniory i culpatory i chiding, 


O B L 

OBLA'TE. a. \oblatui, Latin.] Flatted at ~ 

the poles. Ufed of a fpherod, Cbeyr.e. 
OBLATION, y. ['oblation, Fr. obbtui, Lar.] 

An offering ; a f*cr ike. South. 

OBLECTA'TION. /. [ohieaatio, Latin.] 

Dclig'it J pledfurc. 
To OBLIGATE, -v. a. [;£..';_^p, Latin.] To 

bind bv contradt or duty. 
OBLIGATION, y. [obiigaiio, itomobigo, 


1. The binding power of any oath, vow, 
duty ; cont.-?.£t. Granville. 

2. Ail aft vvhicl) binds any man to fome 
peif.rni nee. Taylor, 

3. Favour by which one is bound to gra- 
nt uJ;'. Sourb. 

OBLIGATOIIY. a. [{totd cillgate.] Im- 
poiing an obligation J binding; coercive. 

To OBLI'GE. 'v.a. [obiiger, pr, obiigo, 
Latin. J 

T. To bind ; to impcfe obligation j to com- 
pel to fomethmg. Rogen. 
a. To indtbt J to hy obligations ot* grati- 
tude. Dry din. 
3. To pleafe ; to gratify. Sourh. 

OBLI'GEE. /'. [iium ch ige.'] The peribn 
hound by a legal rr written contr^ft. 

OBLI'GEiVlENT. /. [obltgemerJ, Yrenzh.'] 
0^1;viati>n. Dry den. 

OBLl'G-ER. /. He who binds by contratl. 

OBLIGING, part. a. [cbigeant, Fr. from 
oblige.'^ C.vil J ccmplaifant J refpe£>ful ; 
engaging. Pope. 

OBLrGl^'GLY. ad. [ixcmohliging.'\ Civil- 
ly J compi ilantly, ^ddijon, 

OBLI'GINGNESS.' /. [from obliging.] 
J. Obligation j force. D^cay of Piety. 

2. Civility ; C'mplaifjnce. 
OBLiQUA' TION. /. [ ob'.icjuatio, from 

obUquo, Latin. J Declination Irom perpen- 
dicularity ; obliquity. Ncii/Con. 
OBLI'QyE. a. [, Latin.] 

J. Not direct; not perpendicular; not 
parallel. Bacsn, 

a. Not dire£l. Ufcd of fenfe. Shake peare, 

3. [In grammar.] Any cafe in r.oufis ex- 
cept the nort)inative. 

OBLl'QUELY. ad. [from oblitjue.'] 

1. Not directly ; not perpendicularly. 


2. Not in the immediate or dire£t mean- 
ing. Addifcn. 

OBLI'QUENESS.7/. [ob!iquiie,Yi. fro.Ti 

OBLIQUITY. 5 cLli^-,e.-\ 

I. Deviation from phylical reftitude ; de- 
viation from parallelifm or perpendicula- 
rity. Milton. 
a. Deviation from mora! re£Vitude. South. 

To OBLI TERATE. 1', a. [cb and Ihera, 
J. To efface any thing written. 

O B S 

2. To wear out j to deftroy j to eff.ce. 

OBLITERATION. / [ob:iteratio,Uun.^ 

Effacement ; exMn^ion, Hale. 

ODLI'VION. /. [obivw, Latin.] 

1. Forgetfulnefsj cdfation of remembrance. 


2. Amnefty ; general pardon of crimes in 
a ftate. Da-vies. 

OBLI'VIOUi. a. [obliviofus, Latin] Cauf- 

ingtorgetfuir.efs. Philips, 

OBLO'NG. a. [ ob!::jgus. Lziln. ] Longer 

thon bro^. ' Harris. 

OBLO'NGLY. ad. [from ob lor g.] Inanob- 

i'^ng lirection. Chyr.e, 

OBLO'NGNEVS. /. [from ob/cKg. ] The 

ftate of being obbng. 
O'BLOQUy. y. ro%af,r, Latin.] 

1. Ccniorjous fpeech j blame ; ijander. 


2. Ca'jfe of reproach ; difgrace, Sbakefa, 
OEMUTESCENCE. /. [f.orn olmutejco, 

Latin. I Lfsofi'peeth. Broivn. 

OBNO XIOUS. /. [cb.ioxius, Latin.] 

1. Subjeft. Bacon. 

2. Liable to punlfhment. Cjlamy.. 

3. Liable; expclVd. Hayioard. 
CBNOXIOUSNESS. /. Urom cbr.cxicuu^ 

Subiettion ; liiblcnefs to punifhment. 
OENO'XIOUSLY. ad. [from cbncxiout.^ 

In a ftatc of fiibjedion; in the ftate of one 

liable to ruTjifhment. 
To O'BNUEILATE. 1/. a. {cbr.ulilo, Lat. J 

To cloud J to obfcure. 
O'EOLE. /. [, Latin.] In pharmary, 

twelve grain?. Amjiuortb, 

OBR-EPTION. /, [obreptic,Ui^n.\ The 

adl of creeping on. 
ToOERO'GATE. v.a. [^^ro^o, Lnin.] 

To pTocla}m a contrary law for the dillolu- 

tion of the former. 
OBSCE'NE. a. [obfca-nus, Latin.] 

1. Immcdel^i not agiecatle to chaftity of 
n^-nd. Milton., 

2. Offenfive ; difgufting. Dryden. 

3. Inaufoicious ; ill omened. Dryden. 
OB.SCE'NELY. a. [Uom objcene.] In an 

impure and unchafte manner. 
OBSCE'NENESS. 7 /. [ivom objcene.} Im- 
OBSCE'NITY. 5 purify of thought or 

language- ; unchaltitv ; !«dnefs. Dryden. 
OBSCURA'TION. /. [obfcur^tio, Latin.] 

I. The aft of daikening, Burnet, 

z. A ftate of being darkened, 
OB-CURE. a. [^Vttrttj, Latin.] 

1. Dark; unenlightened; gloomy, Hin- 
di in g fight. Mi /ton, 

2. Livingin the dark, Shakeff.iare. 

3. Not eafily intelligible; ablhufe; dif- 
h"«lt. Dryden. 

4. Not noted j not obferv..ble. Atterbury. 
ToOBSCU'RE, v.a. [o^yVaAr, Latin.] 

J. To 

O B S 

O B S 

T. To darken j to make dark. .•?<'/'• 

2. To make Jefs vifibk. Broiun, 

3. To m>ilce Jefs inteJligible. Holder^ 

4. To make lefs glorious, beautiful, or il- 
luftrinus. Dtyden. 

OBSCU'RELY. ad. [nomobjcure.] 

1. Not brightly j not liiminoufly. 

2. Out of fight i privately 3 without no- 
tice, yiddijon. 

3. Not clearly ; not plainly, 
OBSCU'RENESS. ? /• r /r •, r -. 
OBSCU'RITY. 1 /• [^^^'^''^-'^^^ L^f^«'] 

J, Daiknefs; want of light. Donne, 

2. Unnoticed ftjte ; privacy. Dryden. 

3. D^rknefs of mea.Mnc. Boyle. Loike. 
OBSECRATION. /. [o/^jecr^tio, Ln\n.] 

Intreuty j fupplication, S/iHtngJieet. 

OBSEQUIES. /. [objeques, French.] 
1. Funeral rites J tuneraj i'olemnities. 


a. It is found in the lingular, perhaps more 

• propetjy. Crafbaho. 

OBSE'QUIOUS. a. [from chfquv.m, Lar.] 

I, Obedient , compliant j nut reijiting. 

% In Shake fpeare^ funeral. 
OBSL'QIJIOUSLY. cd. [from ohfequioua.'] 

1. Obeiiitnriy^ with compliance. Drydtn. 

2. In :Shak'.'jpeare it fignifics, with funeral 

OBSE'OyiOUSNESS. / [frcm ohf-paou^.] 
Obedience ; compliance. South. 

OBSE'RVAI'LE. a. [from objervo, Latin.] 
Remarkable ; eminenr, Rogers. 

OBSE'RVABLY. ad. [from obferi^ab'e.^ In 
a manner worthy cf note. Bro'Wfi. 

OBSE'R VANCE /. [obfer'vance,Trtnch.'] 

1. Refpedt ; ceremonial reverence. Dryd, 

2. Relijiious rite. » Eager s. 

3. Attentive pradife, Rogers. 

4. Rule of practice. Skakeffcare. 

5. Careful obedience, Rogen, 

6. Obfervation ; attention. Hale. 

7. Obedient regard. Wotto*\. Roscommon, 
vOBSE'RV^.NT. a. [o^/^ri/azj, Litin.] 

1. Attentive ; diligent J watchful. Ral. 

2. Refpeflfully attentive. J'ope, 

3. Meai ly duuful ; fubmiirjve. Raleigh. 
OBSE RVAN T. /. A flav.fn attendant. 

OBSERVA'TION. /. [chjer-vatio, Utin.] 
:. The atl oroblerving, noting^, or re- 
rnarkihg. Rogen, 

' 2. Nucion gained by obferving j note 5 re- 
mark, - IVatts. 
"OBSERVA'TOR. /• obfert-aU-ur, Fr. frpm 
obfervoy Latin, j One that obferves j a re- 
marker, Dryden, 
OBSERVATORY. /. [ objewatcire, Fr ] 
A place built for aftrcnomical obfervationf. 
To OBSE'RVE. v, a. [ohfe'-vo, K:itin.] 
I, To watch j to regi^rd attentively. 


2. To find by attenti- n j to note. Locke. 

3. To regard or keep reiigioui]y, Exod. 

4. To obey 5 to follow. 
To OBSE'RVE. -v. n. 

1. To be attentive. Watti, 

2. To make a remark. Pope 
OBSE'RVER. /. [from o^>t;j.] 

1. One wiio Jgoks vigilantly on perfonSand 
tilings. Swift. 

2. One who looks on j the beholder. 


3. One who keeps any law or cuftom or 
practice. Bacon. 

OBSE'RVINGLY. ad. \^ixom objer-ving.\ 
Attentively j carefully. Shakefpeare, 

OBSE'SSION. /. [objcjfi,^ Latin.] 

1. The ad of befieg ng. 

2, The firft attack of Sitan, antecedent to 

OBSI'DIONAL. a. {obfidionalii, Lat.] Bs- 

longing to a fu-ge. Di£i. 

OBSOLE'IE. a. [obJoktus,L2iiin.] Worn 

out of ufe ; difuled j untaihionable. 

OBSOLE'TENESS. /. [from c^/ofc/^.] State 

of being woin out of ufe j unfdihio«abie- 

OBSTACLE. /. [objiacle, Fr. cbjfaculum, 

Latin ] 

Something oppcfed j hindrance j obftruc- 

tion. Collier. 

OBSTETRICA'TION. /. [from cbjlaricor, 

Latin.] the office of a midwife. 
OBSTE'TRICK. a. [ixomobjietnx, Latin.] 

Midwififh ; befitting a midwife ; doing the 

midwife's office. Dunciad, 

O'BSTINACY. /. [cbfiinatio, Latin,] Stub- 

bornnelSj contumacy j pertinacy j perfift- 

ency Locke. 

O'BSTINATE. a. [obfiinatus, Latin.] Stub-~ 

born J contumacious j fixed in refoiution. 


O'BSTINATELY. od. [from objhnate.-] 
Stubbornly j infiexibly. Clarendon. 

OBSTINATENESS. /. [from obpn:2te.] 

OBSTIPA'TION, /. [from objiipo, Latin.] 
The tft of flopping up any paffsge, 

OBSTREPEROUS, a. [objireperus^ Lat.] 
Loud ; chmorous j noily j turbulent j vo- 
ciferous Dryden. 

OBSTRE PEROUSLY. ad. [from obftrepe- 
rous.'j Loudly ; clamoroufly. 

OBSTRETEROUSNESS, J. [from obfi re - 
peroiii.'\ Loudnefs 5 clamour j noife. 

OBSTRICnON. 7: [fwm ob/triaus, Lat.] 
Obligation ; bond. Mihon. 

To OBSTTU'CT. v. a. [ohfiruo, Latin.] 
I. To hinder J to be in the way of; to 
block up ; to bar. Arbuthnot. 

2.~To ocpofe J to retard. 

OBSTRU'CTER. /. [from c^/r«^.] One 
that hinders or oppofcs. 


O B,T 

OBSTRU'CTION. /. [djlrufiio, Latin.] 
I. Hindrance} difficulty. Dtnbum, 

a. ObHade ; impediment, Clarendn. 

3. [In phyfr.k.J The blocking up of any 
canal in the hun:an body, lo as to prevent 
the flowing of any fluid through it. 


4. To Stahffpeare it once fipnifies fome- 
thine heaped tc^gether. Shakefpeare. 

OBSTRU'CTIVE. a. {obflruafy Fr, from 

objiruB,'^ Hindering j caufing impediment. 


OBSTRU'CTIVE./. Impediment j obrtaclc. 

O'BSTRUEN T. a. [obflruem, Latin.] Hin- 
dermg j blocking up. 

OBSrUpEFA'CTlON./. [ohjiupefaao, Lat.] 
The z(\ of inducing ftupidi;y. 

CBSTUPEFA'CTIVE. a. [from obOupefa- 
tio^ Latin.] Obftruding the mcntdJ pow- 
ery; jibbat. 

To OBTA'IN. v. a. [obtineo, Latin.] 

1. To gain ; to acquire j to procure. Eph. 

2. To impctrate j to gain by conccfTion. 

To OBTA'IN. f. ff. 

1. To continue in ufe. Baker, 

2. To be eftablifhed. Dryden, 

3. To prevail j to lucceed. tacon. 
OBTAINABLE, a. [from o/5r/7«».] To be 

procured. Arbutbnot. 

OBTA'INER. /. [from obtain.l He who 

ToOBTE'MPERATE. v. a. [obtewpirer, 

Fr. ohttrnperoy Latin.] To obey. 
-To OBTE'ND. v. a. r<j3/t?;7</o, Latin.] 

1. To oppofe ; tp hold out in oppofition. 

2. To pretend j to offer as the renibn of 
any thing. Dryden. 

OBTENEBRA'TION. /. [ob znA terebra, 
Latin.] Dirknefsj the ftatc of being dark- 
ened, Bacov, 

OBTE'NSION. /. [ixom obtcr.d.] Tne att 
of obrending. 

ToOBTESr. V. <7, [obtefior,h^un.'\ To 

beleech : to fuiulicaie. 


OBTESTA'TION. /. {obtefijiio, Lat. from 
obte(l.'\ Suopiica'ion j entreaty. 

OBrRECTATION. /. [ohtreao, Latin.] 
Slander; rietraction ; calumny. 

To OBTRUDE, -v. a. [cbtrudj, Latin.] To 
thruft imo any place or ftace by force or 
impofture. Hall. 

OBTRU'DER. /. [from obtrude.] One thdt 
obtrudes. Boyle. 

OBTRUSION. /. [from obtrufus, Latin.] 
The aft of obtruding. Kirg Charles. 

OBTRU'SIVE. a. [from obtrude.] Inclined 
to force one's felf or any thing cile, upon 
others. Milton. 

To OBTU'NO. V. a. [, Latin.] To 
blunt j to dull i to q>4eJl j to deaden. 


o c c 

OBTURATION, y. [from obfuratu,, Lat.] 

The act of /topping up any thing with fome- 

thinp fmeared over it. 
OBI U'S ANGULAR, a. [from obtvfe and 

angle.] Having angles Jargtr than right 

OBTUSE, a. [ohtufus, L^tin.] 

1. Not pointed j not acute. 

2. Not quick J dull ; flupid. Milton. 

3. Not n^rill 5 obfcure : as, an obtufe found, 
OBIU'SELV. ad. [iiom obtufe.] 

I. Without a a point. 

1. Dully; ftupidly. 
OBTU'SENE^S. /. [(rom olti<fc .] Blunt- 

nels ; dulncfs. 
OB rUSION. /. [from obtufe.] 

1. The aa of dulling. 

2. The ftace of being dull»d. Harvy, 
OEVE'NTION /. [ob^emo, Latin.] Some- 
thing happening not conltantJy and regu- 
guJ.\rJy, but uncertainlv. Spenfer. 

To OBVE'RT. -v. a. [obverto, Latin.] To 
turn towards. Boyle, 

To O'BVIATE. v. a. [from obvius, Latin ; 
o'-.-uier, French.] To meet in the way j to 
prevent, JVoodivard, 

O'BVIOUS. a, [ob-oms, Latin.] 

1. Meeting any thing j cppofed in front to 
any thing. Milton. 

2. Open J expofec^. Milton, 

3. Eafily dilcovered j plain j evident. 


OBVIOUSLY, ad. [from obvius.] Evi- 
dently ; appgrentJy. Locke. 

OBVIOUSNESS./, [{torn obvious.] State 
of being evident or apparent. Boyle, 

To OBU'MBRATE. -v. a. [obumbro, Lit.] 
To fhide ; to cloud. 

03UMBi<A'TI0N. / [Uom obumbrOyUK.] 
The aft of darkening or cloudine. 

OCCA'SrON. /. [occafio, Latin.] ^ 

1. Occurrence J cafualty j incident. 


2. Opportunity; convenience. Gene/u. 

3. Accidental caufe. Spenfer. 

4. Reafon not cogent, but opportune. 


5. Incidental need \ cafual exigence. 

To OCCA'SIGN. x: a. [from the noun.] 

1. To caufe cafually. « Auetbury. 

2. To cjufe 5 to produce. lemple, 

3. To influence. Locke. 
OCCA'SIONAL. a. [iTom occafton.] 

1. Incidental ; cafual. 

2. Producing by accident. Broivr^ 

3. Produced by occalion or incidental exi- 
gence. Dryden, 

OCCASIONALLY, ad. [ftomoccajiona'.} 
According to incidental exigence. H'^ood'W. 

OC'CA'SIONER. /. {ix om occajim.] One 
that CAuAiS Of prumoccs by deflgn or acci- 
dent, Sander for. 

o c c 

OCCECA'TION. /, [occie:a:h, Lat] The 

a<£l of blinding or making blind, Saiiderf. 
O'CCIDENT. /. [itaai ccciiens, Ln.] The 

Weft. isbakrfpeare. 

OCCIDE'NTAL. a. [cccidcr.tain, Latin.] 

Weftem. . tJowcl. 

OCCFDUOUS. a [ocadens, Latin.] Weft- 
OCCI'PITAL. a. [cccipifalis, Latin.] Placed 

in the hinder part of the head,^ 
O'CCIPUT, f. [Latin.] The hinder part of 

the head. Builer, 

OCCI'SION. /. [from occifio, Latin.], The 

a6t of kiliing. 
To OCCLU'DE. v. a. [occludo, Latin.] To 

fnut up. Broivn. 

OCCLU'SE. a. [occ/i'/«f, Latin.] Shutu^; 

clofed. Holder. 

OCCLU'SION. /. {occlufio, Lat.] The ad 

of /hutting up. 
OCCU'LT. a. [occultus, hnm-l Secret; 

hidden j unknown j undifcoveraole. 


OCCULT A'TION. /. [occuUatio, Latin.] In 

, aftronomy, is the time that a ftar or planet 

is hidden from our hght. Hams. 

OCCU LTNESS. /. [from occult.l^ Secret- 

nefs ; ftate of being hid. 
O'CCUPANCY. /. [from Off »/)<7«, Latin,] 

The aft of taking poffelTion. fVarburtofi. 
O'CCUPANT. /. [occufians, Luin.] He that 

takes pofleflien of any thing. Bacon. 

To O'CCUPATE. v.a. [occupo, Latin.] To 

take up. Bacon. 

OCCUPA'TION. /. [occupano, Latin] 

1. The 261 of taking poirellion. B^con. 

2. Employment ; bufinefs. Wake, 

3. Trade; calling; vocation. Sbakefp. 
O'CCUPIER. /. [from occ:jpy.] 

I. A poffeifor ; one who takes into his 
pofTeflion. Raleigh. 

4. One who follows any empjojment. 

Tod'CCUPY. -v.a. [occuper. It. cccupo, 

1. To pofiefs ; to keep ; to take up. 


2. To bufy ; to employ. Eccluf» 

3. To follow as bufintls. Omm, Prayer. 

4. To ufe ; to expend. Exodus, 
To O'CCUPY. 1/. r. To follow bufinefs. 

ToOCCU'R, v. n. [cccxrro, Latin.] 

I. To be prefented to the memory or at- 
tention. Bacon. 
«. To appear here and there. Loch. 

3. To cla^ ; to ftrike agairift ; to meet. 


4. To obviate; to make oppofuion to. ' 

OCCU'RRENCE. /. [occurrerce^Vxtuch.] 
1, Incident; accidental event. Locke, 

a, Occafional prefentation. fFa:ts, 


OCCU'RRENT. /. [cccurrent, Fr. occurreBf, 

■Latin,] Incident ; any thing that happens. 


OCCU'RSION. /. [occurfum, LiUi).] Clafh ; 
mutual blow. Boyle, 

O'CSAN. /. [oceanus, Lit\n.] 

1. The man ,- the great fca. Shakefp, 

2. Any immenfe expanfe, Lccke. 
O'CEAN. a, PertJining to the main or 

geat fea. Mi ken, 

OCEA'NICK. /, [fiom ocean.] Pertaining 
to the ocean. Di£i. 

OCE'LLATED. a. [ocellatw, Latin.] Re- 
femblng the eye. Derkam. 

O'CHRE. /. [c^x'"'-l The earths diftin- 
guiflied by the name of ochrei have rough 
or naturally dufty furtace?, are but ll ghtjy 
coherent in their texture, and are compofed 
of fine and foft argillaceous pafticlcs, and 
are readily difFafible in water. They are of 
various colours. The yellow f)rt are cal- 
led ocbres of iron, and the blue ochres of 
copper. Hill. 

O'CHREOUS. a. [from ochre.] Confifting of 
ochre. Woodiuatd. 

O'CHRE Y, a. [from ochre.] Partaking of 
ochre. M'oQdivard, 

O'CHIMY. /. A mixed bafe metal. 

O'CTAGON. /. [hiClci and y^via-] In geo- 
metry, a figure confining of eight fides and 
angles. Harris. 

OCTA'GONAL. a. {^tomoaagon.] Having 
eight angles and fides. 

OCTA'NGULAR. a. [oBo md avgufus, 
Latin.] Havmg eight angles. 

OCTA'NGULARNESS. /. [{Tomcaargu- 
lar.] The quality cf having eight angles. 

OCTA'NT. ? 'a. Is, when a planet is in fuch 

OCri'LE. i pofition to another, that 
their places are only diftant an eighth part 
of a circle, 

OCTAVE./. [c-c7^w, French.] 

u The eighth Day after fome peculiar 

2. [In mufick.] An eighth or an interval 
of eight founds. 

3, Eight days together after a feftival. 


OCTA'^V. a. [Latin.] A book is faid to be 
in oEiavo when a ftieet is folded into eight 
leaves. Boyle. 

OCTE'NNIAL. a. [from caenr.iutn, Latin.] 

1, Happeni.'g every eighth year, 

2. Lifting eight years. 

OCTO'BER. j. [Latin.] The tenth month 
of the year, or the eighth numbered from 
March. Peacbam, 

OCTOE'DRICAL. a. Having eight fides. 

OCrO'GENARY. a. [o<??o^fn/, Latin.] Of 
eighty years of age, 

O'CTONARY. a. [cBonarlus, Latin.] Be- 
longing to the number eight. 


O D I 

OCTONO'CULAR. a. [oBo and oculus.] 
Having eieht eyes. Derbam. 

OCTOPE'TALOUS. a. [ix^cJ and wE'/a^iv.J 
Hjving eight flower leaves 

O'CTOSTYLE. /. [IkIx and ^vh^, Gr.] 
The face of a building or ordonnjnie crm- 
taining eight cuJiiiniis. Harris. 

O'CTUFLE. a. [oi/uplus, Latin.] Eight 

OCULAR, a. [from oculut, Latin.] De- 
pending on the eye 3 known by the eye. 


OCULARLY. c.i. [from ccubr.'\ To the 
obfervation of the eye. Broivn. 

O'CULATE. a. [ocuhtus, Latin.] Having 
eye? ; knowing by the eye. 

O'CULIST. /. (from cf^/«j, Latin.] One 
whoprofcflcs tocurediftempersof the eyes. 


OCULUS Mi. [Latin.] An accidental vari- 
ety it the agat kina. Wocdwatd. 

ODD. a. [-jdda, Swrdifh ] 

1. Not even} not diviliblc into equcl nvim- 
bers. BrOTjr, 

2. More than a round nunnber. Burnet, 

3. Particular j uncouth j excraordinarv. 


4. Not noted j not taken into the common 
account; unheeded. Sbakejpeare. 

5. Strange; unaccountable; fantafiical. 


6. Uncommon j particular. Ajcham, 

7. Unlucky. Sbakejfeare . 

8. Unlikely j in appearance improper. 

Add if on. 
O'DDLY. ad. [from odd.] 

I. N.)t evenly. 

2.. Strangely j particularly ; unaccountably ; 

uncouthly. Loikc. 

O'DDNESS, /. [frcm odd.] 

1. The Hate of being not even. 

2. Strangenefs ; paiticuJarity j uncouth- 
nefs. Dryden. Collier. 

ODDS. /. [fromo^^.] 

1. Inequality ; exccfs of either comp3rpd 
with the other. Hcoker, 

2. More than an even wager. >iiift, 

3. Advantage; fuperiority. Hudibras. 

4. Quarrel ; debate ; dHpute. Sbaieff-. 
ODE. /. f*)?" J A poem written to be fung 

to nr.ufick ; a lyrick poem. A'lilton. 

O'DIBLE., a, [from cdi.] Hateful. 
ODIOUS, a. lodiofus, Latin.] 

1. Hateful; detcftable ; abominable'. 


2. Expofed to hate. Clarendor. 

3. Caufing hate 3 infidiou<^. Milton. 
O'DIOU^LY. ad. [from o.iious.] 

1. Matcfully 3 ?homi' 4bly. Milton. 

2, Invidjoufly ; fo a? to caufe hate. 

Dryden . 
O'DIOUSNESS. /. [iom s</ie«*.] 
X. Hatefulnsl8. TVph, 

O F 

1. The ftate of being hated. Sidiey^ 

O'DIUM. f. [Latin.] Invidiaufnef? ; q<ja- 
liry <.f provoking ha;e. KlngChar'.es. 

ODONTA'LGICK. a. [JJ^v and a\y,;.\ 
iVrtaining to the tooth-ach. 

ODORATE. a. [cd'ora/wr, Latin] Scented ; 
having a flrong kent, whethtr loend or 
'•■•'g''ant- B,JCon, 

ODORI'FEROUS. a. [odorr/er, L-t.] Giv- 
ing kent ; ufually, Iwect of Icent ; fra- 
grant ; perfurrefl. Buccn. 

ODORrfEROUSNESS. /. [irom odor,fe- 
roai.l Sweetricis of fcent ; fragrance. 

ODOR'OUS. a. [odor us, LiUn.] Fragrant; 
perfumed. Chtym, 

O'DOUR /. [odor, Latin.] 

1. Scent, whether good or bad. Bacon, 

2. Fragrance ; perfume ; fweet fcent. 


OECONO'MICKS. /. [o.-^ovoy^.^o-,.] Ma- 
naeemenr cf houlehold affairs. L'£/?r 

OECU'MEMCAL. a. [o.'xLv^rv.yJf.] G^re- 

neral 3 refpecbng the wlijle habitabl- world. 


OEDE'MA, /. [oihfA.^.] A tumour. ' h is 
now afid commonly by furgeons confined to 
a white, fofr, infenfible tumour. Suircy 

OEDEM.VTICK. 7 a. [ oedema \ 

OEDE'MATOUS. 5 Pertaining to a« 
f^tc^e.Tia. PFi^trran. 

OETLAID. /. [from otil, French."] G!ance j 
wmk 3 token. Sbakrfpeare. 

O'FR. conrradted from over. Addi.oi. 

OE' OPHAGU3, /. [from wrc',-, '.viclccr, 
f'om fome fimilitudejn the ftrudure of this 
part to the contexture of that 3 and 4^3. » 
to eat] The gullet. Q,.imy. 

OF. prep. [cp. Saxon.] 

1. It :< putbefjie thefubftsntive that fol- 
lows dr.oc'ner io conftrudlion j as, o/thcfe 
part wfre ihin. 

2. It IS put after corr.paratjve and fuperb- 
tive adjectives; as, the moft Cifmal and 
ur>AiafonabIe time of all other. Tilo:hn. 

3. Frcm ; a?, tne that I li'ought up 0/ a. 
pi)pD\. Sbake/pea-f. 
4 Concern'ng ; relating to ; as, all have 
this fenfe e/'war. ^Kai.'ridge. 

5. Out of; as, yet 0/ this little he Ld 
fome to fpare. D-)d:n. 

6. Amo.->g; as, any clergyman 0/" my ov-n 
acquaintance. H'luiit, 
7 By; as, I was entertained p/* the I on- 
^ul. Sarayi. 

8. According to ; as, they do cf richt be- 
long to you. lil.rfj,:. 

9. Notmg p'.wer, or fpontanfty ; s;, of 
h.mlrlf man is confefledly une4u.1l to his 
duty. Stephens. 
10 Noting pr"pertie8 or quaWtcs; as, a 
m.»n of a decayed fortune ; a booy of no 
colour. C'.artndjn. B.yle. 

4 P II. N.tintr 


ir. Noting cxtraftionj as, a man a/ an 
ancient family. Clarendon. 

12. Noting adherence, or belonginp; ; as, a 
Hebrew of my tribe. ^hukcfpeare. 

13. Noting the matter } as, the chariot was 
0/ cedar. Bcjcotj. 

14. Noting the motive ; a?, of my own 
choice I iindertook. this Wi>ik. Dtyden. 

15. Noting preference, or poftponence j as, 
1 do not hke thie tower of &ns pl-3ce. 


16. Noting change of j as, O miferable of 
happy ! Mihon. 

17. Noting caufality ; as, good nature of 
necelhty will give allowance. Dryden. 

18. Noting piopoitionj as, many of an 
hundred. Locke. 

19. N.)t!ng kind or fpecies j as, an affair 
of the cabinet. Sivft. 

OFF. ad. [af, Dutch] 

1. Oi- "this adverb the chief ufe is to con- 
join it with verbs j as, \.o come off -^ iofy 
ofi to rcih of. 

2. It is generally oppofed to or. ; as, to lay 
on ; to take eff. Dryden. 

3. It iignirtes diftance. Shakejpeare. 

4. In painting or ftaiuary, it figftifics pro- 
jeftion or relief. Hbakfpeare. 

5. It fignifics evanefcence j abfenceor de- 
parture. , _ L^ 

6. It fignifies any kind of difappointment ; 
defeat j" interruption ; as, the affair is off, 

7. From J not toward. iitdney. 

8. 0/ hand J not ftodied. VEJlrange. 
OFF. interjM. Depart. Stniib, 
OFF. prep. 

1. Not on. Teirple. 

2. Diftant from. Mdijon. 
OFFAL. /. {off fall, Skinner ] 

J. Wal^e meat j that which is not eaten 
at the table. Arbuthnot. 

2. Carrion J coarfe flefli. Milton. 

3. Refufe i that which is thrown away. 


4. Any thing of no efleem. Sbakejp. 
O'FFENCE. /. [offenja, Latin.] 

1. Crime i aft of wickednefs. Fairfax. 

2. A trdnfgreflion. Locke. 
3 Irjury. Dryden, 

4. Dilpleafure given ; caufe of difguft j 
fc,nda!. Bacon. 

5. Anger J difpleafure conceived. Sidney, 

6. Attack ; ad of the allaibnt. Sidney. 
OFFENCEFUL. a, [offence ind full.] Inju- Sbukejpeare, 

OFFE'NCELESS. a. [from offence.] Unof- 
fending J innocent. SbakcfpeatL-, 
To OFFE'ND. v,a. [o/c«^o, Latin, j 

1. To make angry. Knolles, 

2. To aifail ; to attack. Sidney. 

3. To tranfgrefs j to violate. 

4. To injure. Dryden, 
T OFFE'ND. -v, n. 


1. To be criminal j to trangrefs the law, 


%. To caufe anger. Shakfpeare, 

3. To commit tranfgrefli'j;!. Swift. 

OFFE'NDER. /. [fr m offend ] 

1. A criminal j one who has committed a 
crime j tranfgreflbr, Ifaiab, 

2. One who has dons an iniury. Sbakejp. 
OFFE'NDRESS. /. [from offender.] A wo- 
man that offends. Sbakefpeare, 

OFFE'NSIVE. a. [offenff Fr, from offenjus, 

1. Caufing anger j difpleafing j difgufting. 


2. Caufing pain J injurious. .Bacon, 
5. Aflailant J not defenfivc. Bacon, 

OFFE'NSIVELY. ad. [from cffcnftve.] 

1. Mifchievoufly j injurioufly. Hooker. 

2. So as to caufe uneafinefs or difpleafure. 


3. By way of attack; not defenfively. 
OFFE'NSIVENESS. /. [from offer/tve.] 

1. Injurjoufnefs J mifchief. 

2. Caufe of difguft. Grtiv, 
ToO'FFER. -v. a. [o/^re, Latin.] 

1. To prefent to any one j to exhibit any 
thing fo as that it may be taken or received. 


2. To facrifice j to immolate. Dryden, 

3. To bid, as a price or reward. Dryden, 

4. To attempt j to commence, a Mac. 

5. To propofe. Locke, 
To O FFER. -v. n. 

1. To be prefent ; to be at hand j to pre- 
fent itfelf. Sidney, 

2. To make an attempt. Bacon, 
O'FFER. /. [effre, Fr, from the verb.] 

1. Propofal of advantage to another. Pope. 

2. Fuftadvance. Sbakefpeare. 

3. Propiifal made. Daniel. 

4. Price bid j adl of bidding a price. 


5. Attempt ; endeavour. Sciu;h^ 

6. Something given by way of acknow- 
ledgment. Sidney, 

O'FFERER. /. [from offer.] 

1. One who makes an offer, 

2. One who facrjfices, or dedicates in wor- 
fliip. South. 

O'FFERING. /. [from»/er.] A facrifice } 
any thmg immolated, or offered in wor- 
fhip. Dryden, 

OFFE'RTORY. /. [ offertoire, Fr. ] The 
thing offered j the act of offering. Bacon, 

OFFE'RTURE. /. [ from offer. ] Offe. j 

propofal of kindnefs. A word not in ufe. 

King Charles, 

O'FFICE. /. {office, Fr,] 

1, A publick charge or employment. 


2, Agency J peculiar ufe. Neivton, 

3, Bufincfs j particular employment, 

4. Acl 


4. A<^ of good or ill voluntarily tendered. 


5. Aftofworfliip, Sbakijpeare. 

6. Formulary of devotions. 'I'aylor, 

7. Rooms in a houfe appropristed t© par- 
ticular bo fnefs. Shakcfjeare. 

8. PJdc; where bufinefs is tranfafted. 

Td O'FFICE v. j.'[frora the noun] To 
perforro ; to dH'charge. iihakejpeire. 

O'FFICEK. /. [rfficier,¥t.] 

1. A ejiipioyed by the publiclc. 


2. A commander in the army. D-^yden. 

3. One wfio has the power of apprehending 
crimi-^als. Hbakeff.-.a e, 

0/FFlCERED. a. [ from officer. .] Cjm- 
maoded j lupplied with commanders. 

OFFI'CIAL. a. [official, Fr. from office'.] 

1. Conducive J appropriate with regard 
to their ule, Broiun. 

2. Pertamir.g to a publick charge. 


OFFI'CIAL. /. Official is that perlon to 
whom ths cognizance of caufes is com- 
mitted by fuch as have ecclefuftical jurif- 
diaion. Ajl'ffr. 

OFFI'CIALTY. / [ officiallte, Fr. ] The 
charge or polt of an orficial. Ayliffe. 

To Of FI'CIATE. -v. a. [from office.] To 
give m confequence of office. Mittor. 

To OFFI'CIATE. -v. «, 

1. To difcharge an office, commonly in 
worship, Sar.Jirjjn, 

2. To perform an office for another. 
CFflCIXAL. a. Vita in a Hicp : thu-, 

offtcinjl plants are ihofe ufed in the fhops. 
OFFl'CIOUS. a. [fficir.fui,Ut.] 

1. Kind J doing good offices. M<lton. 

2. Importunely icrward. Sbakejpeare. 
OFFI'CIOU-.LY. ad. [Uam offictom.] 

1. Impirtunely forward. Uryden. 

2. Kindly } with unafked kindnc.'s. 


OFFI'CIOUSNESS. /. [from officious.] 
J. ForwardnL'ls of civility, or relpec't, or 
endeavour. South. 

2. Service. Broncn, 

O'FFING. /. [fromo/.] Theaftoffteer- 
ing to a diflance from the land. 

OTFSET. /. [o/"and Jet.] Sprout ; flioot 
of a plant. Ray. 

OFFSCOU'RING. /. [o/and fcour,] Re- 
crement J part rubbed away in cleaning 
any thing. Lan. 

O'FFSFRING. /. [#and fpring.] 

J. Propagation j generation. Hooker. 

2. The thing propagated or generated } 
children, Davies. 

5. Produftion of any kind. Deniam. 

To OFFU'SCATE. v. a. [offufco, Latin.] 
To dim J to cloud } to darken. 


OFFU'.SCATIOM. /. [from ofufcate.] The 

atl of d.^rlcening. 
OF r. ad [opt, Sjxcn.J Often 5 frequent- 
ly ; not ra/eJy. Himmord. 
O'FTtN. a^. [from opt, Saxon.] Oft} 

frcqu-n'Iv ; minynnics. Addipn. 

OFFEN'TIMES. ad. [ often :in^ tnnei. ] 

Firqjentiy; many tiroes; often. Honker. 
OFTll'MES. c d. ' I oft ind ernes.] Fre- 

qucDtly J often. D'yden. 

OC EE. 1 -f. A fort of moulding in ar- 
OGl'VE 5 'chiceaure,conriftingofaround 

and a hollow. Harris, 

ToPGLE. -v. a. [o:gh^ an eye, Dutch.] 

To view with fide glances, as in fondnefi. 


O'GLER. /. [oogbeler^ Dutch.] A fly g^z- 

er J one who views by fide glances. 

Ai buthrot. 
O'GLIO. /. [fro.T ofh, Spanlfh.] A dilh 

made by mingling different kinds -^^freat ; 

a medley. Suck/trg. 

OH. inte'jeFf. An exclamation denoting 

pain, forrow, or furpr.fe. Ji'alton, 

OIL. /. [oa!, Sixon ] 

I. The juceof ()ii%'es exprefled. Exodus, 

z. Any fat, greafy, unctuou;, thin mat- 

te--- Dcrbam. 

3. The juices of certain vegetables, cx- 

prefTed or drawn by the llill. 
To OIL. V. a. [from the noun,] To fmear 

or lubricate with oil. Wutton. 

OILCOLOUR. /. [0 Uti6 colour.] Colour 

made by grinding coloured fubflances in oil, 

OI'LINESS. /. [from oily.] Un£luoufnefs j 

greafioefs j quality approaching to that of 

oil- Broivn, 

OILMAN. /. [ oil and man. ] One who 

frades Jn oils and pickles, 
OILSHOP. /. [oiUMfiop.] A fliop 

where oils and oick'es are fold. 
OI'LY. a. [fi-om"ci7.] 

1. Confifting of oil J containing oil ; hav. 
ing the qualities of oil. ^igh- 

2. Fat^ greafy. Sbakefplare, 
OI'LYGilAIN. /. A plant. 
OI'LYHALM. /. A tree. 

To OINT. -v. a. [oint^ Fr.] To anoint j 
to fmear. Drydci. 

OI'NTMENT. /. [iiomoint.] Unguent j 
undiuous matter. Spevfsr. 

O'KZR. J. [Stre Ochre.] A colour. 


OLD. a, [eab, Sax.] 

1. Pall the middle part of life ; not young. 

Sidney, Shake, f>'are. 

2. Of long continuance j begun long ago. 


3. Not new. BaarJ. 

4. Ancient ; nnt modern. Addtfort. 

5. Of any (pec'f.ed duration. Sbak^fpeare. 

4 P 1 6. S.b. 

O M I 

6. SutfiAing before fomelhing clfc. 


7. Long pra£lifed. Ez.ikiel, 
%. Of old I long ago ; from ancient times. 

Ml Iter, 
OLDFA'SHIONED. a. [old and fafnon.] 

Formed according to oblolete ciiftom. 

O'LDEN. a. Ancient. Sbahjpeare. 

OLDNESS. /. [iromoU.] Old age ^ an- 

tiquii-y ; not nevvnefs. Sbahfpeare. 

OLEAGINOUS, a. \_okaginus, Lat.] Oily } 

undtuous. j4rbuthnot. 

OLEAGINOUSNESS. f [from oUagirous.'] 

Oilinefs. Boyle. 

OLE'ANDER. /. [ okandre, Fr. ] The 

plant rrdebay, 
OLE'ASrER. f. I Latin. 1 Wild olive. 

OLE'O E. a. [o!eofus,Lzt,] Oily. Fhyer. 
To Ol^FACT. v, a. [ofaaus, Lat.] To 

fmell Hud I bras. 

OLFA'CTORY. a. \olfaiioire, Fr. from 0/- 

ficio, Lat.] Having the fenle ot fmelling. 

OLID. 7 a. [olidu!, Lat.] Stinkiiig j 

O'LIDOUS.J fcefd. Boyle. 

OLiGA'RCHY. /. [oXiyctex^a.] A foim of 

government which places the fupreme 

power in a fmali number j ariftocrfecy. 

O'LIO. /. [ ol!a, Span. ] A mixture j a 

med'ey. Congre-vs. 

O'LITORY. /. [alitor, Latin.] Belonging 

to tne kitchen garden. Evelyn. 

OLIVA'STER. a. [olivaflre,7(.] Darkly 

brown 5 tawny. 


O'LIVE. /. [o'ive, Fr. o/^a, Lat.] A plant 

produciijg oil 5 the emblem of peace. 

OMBRE. /". [homhre, SpaniHi.] A game 

of cards p'layed by three. Taf/tr, 

■ O'MEGA. f. [a;>i>tt.] The laft letter of 

' th'- aJphabet, ihereftre taken in the Holy 

Scripture for the laft. Rev. 

OMELET. /. [omshtte, Fr.] A kind of 

pancake made with eggs. 
O'MENED. a. [ omen.'] Cuntaining 

prognoilicks. Po/'e. 

O'MEN. /. [omen, Latin.] A fign gooJ or 

bad J a prugnoftick. Dfydi:n. 

OMENTUM.]. [Latin.] The cawl^ called 

alfo reticulum, from its ftrudure, relem- 

bimg ihat of a net. " ^uincy. 

O'MER. /. A H brew meafare about three 

pints and a half Englj/h. Bailey. 

To O'MINATE. V. a. [omhor, Lat.] To 

foretoken ; to fhew prognoifticks. 

Decay of Piety, 
OMINATION. /. [fromomtrtor, Latin.] 

Prognoftick. Brown, 

0'*V11N0US, a, [from omen.'} 

O N 

1, Exljibiting bad tokens of futurity } fore- 
ftewing ill ; inaufpicious. Haytvard, 

2. Exhibiting tokens good or ill. Bacon. 
O'MINOUSLY. ad. [homomnous.} With 

good or bad omen. 
OMI'NOUSNESS. /. [from ominout.] The 

quality of being ominous. 
OMI'SSION. /. [omiJJ'us, h^i.l^ 

1. Negleft to do femething j forbearance 
of fomething to be done. Rogers. 

2. Negleft of dutyj oppofed to commiflion 
or perpetration of crimes. Sbakejpeare, 

To O'MIT. v.a. [omitto, Lat.] 

1. To leave out J not to mention. Bacon, 

2. To negleft to pradlife. Addijon. 
OMITTANCE. /. [from omit.] Forbear- 
ance. Shakefpeare. 

OMNIFA'RIOUS. a. [omnifjriam, Latin.] 
Of all varieties or kinds. . Philips. 

OMNI'FEROUS. a. [omnis and fero, Lsu] 
All. bearing. Difl, 

OMN'I'FICK. a. [omnis zndjucio^ Latin.] 
All-creacing. Milton. 

OMNI'FORM. a. [omnis and forma, Lat.] 
Having every fhape. D SI. 

OMNI'GENOUS. a. [omrjgcm, Lit.] Con- 
fifting of a!! kinds. £>/ff. 

OMNIPOTENCE. 7 /• [ omvlpotentia, 

OMNI'POTENCY. 5 Lat. ] Almighty 
pDWcr J unlimited power. Ti'lotjon. 

OMNI'POTENT. a. [cmnipotens, Latin.] 
Almighty ; powerful without limit. 


OMNIPRE'SENCE. /. [cmnli and prafns, 
Lat.] Ubiquity j unbounded prefence, 


OMNIPRE'SENT. a. [ and prafens, 
Latii>. ] Ubiquitaryj piefent in every 
place. Prior. 

OMNl'SCir^NCE. 7 /. [omr^hand fcientia, 

OMNI'CIENCY, 5 Lac] BoundlefE know- 
ledge j mrinite wifdom. Ktng Charles. 

OMNi'-ClENT. a. [omnis zM Jcio, Latin.] 
Infinitely wife j knowing without bounds. 


OMNrSCIOU\ a. [ow«« and /c/a, Latin.] 

OMNI VOROUS. a. [omnis and voro, Laf.] 
All-devouring. DiSf. 

OMO'PLATE. /. [a!fM<^' and nKalvg.] The 
fhoulder blade. 

OMPHALO'PTICK. /. [n><;,iv:? and oTrlt- 
xo;.] An optic glafs that is convex on 
both fides, commonly called a convex lens. 

ON. prep, [atn, Dutch ; <3», German.] 
I. It is put before the word, which figni- 
fies that which is under, that by which 
any thing is fupported, which any thing 
covers, or where any thing is fixed. Milton. 
a. It is put before any thing that is the 
fubje<5l of aftion, Dryden. 

3. Noting addition or accumulation j as, 
jhifchiefs on mifchiefi. Dryd<». 

4. Nc- 

ONE . 

4. Noting a ftate of progrdTion j as, whi- 
ther on thy way ? Dryden. 

5. It fometimes notes elevation. Drydtr.. 

6. Noting approach nr invifjon, Dryden. 

7. Noting dependance or reliance; as, on 
God's providence their hopes depend. Smal. 

8. At, noting place. Soakcfpeare. 

9. It denotes the motive cr cccafiun of :iny 
thing. Dryder. 

10. Jc denotes the tin-iC at which any 
tiling happens: as, this happened on the 
firft day. , 

11. It is put before the objeit of foms 
pailion, Sbiktfp-arr, 

12. In forms of denunciation it is put be 
fore the thing threatned. Drydtn. 

13. Noting imprecation. Sbakefpeare. 

14. Noting invocation. Dryden, 

15. Noting the ftate cf anv thing. 


16. Noting ftipulation or condition. 


17. Noting diflinfflion or oppofition. 

iS. Noting the manner of an event. 

ON. ad. 

1. Forward ; in faccefTiOn. ^louih. 
2 FjTward j in piogrellicn. Daniel. 

3. In continaance j without ceafing. 

4. Not eft'. 

5. Upoii the baiy, as part of drefs. 


6. It notes refolution to advance. 

ON. intirjiSl. A word of incitement Of en- 

couraeemcnt. ' Shakefpeare. 

O^CZ.' ad. [fromo«-.] 

i. One time. Bacon. 

2. A fingle time. Loch. 

3. The fame time. Dryden. 

4. Ac a point of time indivifible. 


5. Onetime, though no more. Dryd-n. 

6. At the time immediate. A'terbuty. 

7. Formerly j at a former time. AU'fcn. 
ONE. a. [an, cEne, Saxon; een, Datch.] 

1. Lefs than two j fingle j denoted by an 
unite. RaUigh. 

2. Indefinitely ; any. Sbahfp.ii'e. 

3. Different j diverfe j oppofcd to another. 

But net. 

4. One of two : oppofed to the otber. 

BoyU, Smallridge. 

5. particularly one. Spenjer. 

6. Some future. Davits, 
ONE. /. 

1. A fingle pcrfon. Hooker. 

2. A fingle mafs or aggregate. Blackmore, 

3. The firft hour. Sbake/peare. 

4. The fame thing, Locke, 

5. A perfon. fFatts, 

O N W 

6. A perfon by way of eminence. 


7. A diftinft or particular pcrfon. Bacon, 

8. Perfons united. Hhukefpeare. 

9. Concord j agreement j one mind. 


10. Any pcrfon j any man indefinitely. 

Sidney, Atterbury, 

11. A perfcn of particular charadler. 


12. One has fometimes a plural, whe.i 
it ftands for perfons indefinitely j as, the 
great ont% of the ivcT Id. Glanviile. 

ONE'EYED. a. [ one and eye. ] Having 

onlv one eye. Dryder. 

ONEIROCRl'TICAL. a. [':v£<r'o;tp.7<JWf,Gr.] 

Interpretative of dreams. AdJijcn, 

ONEIROCRITICK. /. [ovcv'oxfjW;, Gr.J 

An interpreter of dreams. Addijon. 

ONE'Ni:SS. /. [horn one.] Unity; the 

qua; icy of being one. Hooker. Hammond. 
O'NERARY. a. [cnerariui, Lit.] Fitted 

for carriage or bu th'inr. 
To O'NERATE. -v. a. [or.ero, Lat.] To 

lodd ; to burthen. 
ONERA'TION. /. [from onerate.] Thfi 

ad of loading. £)/£?. 

ONEROUS, a. [one^eux, Fr. onerofus, Lat.] 

Burtfcenfome ; oppreiiive. Aybffe, 

ONION./, [agnot, French.] A plant. 
O'NLY. a. [fromo/rf; omiy, or cne/ikt.'^ 

1. Single; one and no more. Dryden. 

2. This and no other. Lode. 

3. This above ail other : as, he is the 
only man for muLck. 

ONLY, ad. 

I. Simply J fi."gly ; merely j barely. 

Burn<'t. Tiibtfon. 

Z. So and no otherwife. Genejii, 

3. Singly without more : as, or/y begotten. 
O'NOMANCY. /. [:vo/*«and^«.7-.i'i j Di- 

vination by a name. Camden. 

ONOMA'NTICAL. a. [i' and ^a^l^j.] 

Predicting by names. Camder. 

O'NSET. /. [o«and/f/.] 

1. Attack; (iorm ; afuult; firft brunt. 


2. Something added by way of ornamental 
appendage. ^bakejpeare. 

To O'NSET. V. a. [from the noun.] To 
fet upon ; to begin. Careiv. 

ON^LAUGHT /. [onand/j^.] Attack; 
ft'.rm J on fet. Hudtbrar. 

ON i O LOGIST. /. [from ontology.] One 
wh;) confidcrs die affections of being in ge- 
nera! ; a metaphyfician. 

ONTO'LOGY. /. [rvraand X^Vo,'.] The 
fcience of the afftftions of being in ge- 
neral ; mctaphyficks. Wattt. 

O'NVVARD. ad. [onDpeari>&, Saxon,] 

1. Forward} progrefiiveJy. Pope, 

2, I.T a ftate of advanced progreflion. 


y Some* 


3. Scmewhat farther. Mlhor. 

O'NYCHA. j. The odoriferous fnail or ihei:, 

and ihe ftone named onyx. The greateft 

part of commentators explain it by the onyx 

Or odoriferous /hell, like that of the fliell- 

fi/h called purpura. Calmet, 

O'NYX. /. [ovyf.j The onyx is a femi- 

pellucid gem, of which thtre are feveral 

fpecies. It JS a very elegant and beautiful 

gem. //;//. Sandys, 

OOZE. /. [eaux, waters, French.] 

I. Soft mud J mire at the bottom of wa- 
ter J flime. Care-xv. 
a. Soft flow J fpring. Prior. 
3. The liquor of a tanner's vat. 
To OOZE. v. n. [ivm the noun.] To fiow 
by ftealth j to run gently. Thomfrn, 
O'OZY. a. [from ooze.'\ Miry j muddy j 
filmy. Pope. 
To OPA'CATE. -v, a. [opaco, Lat.] To 
ihade j to cloud j to darken j to obfcure. 

OPA'CITY. /. [opacite, Fr. opacifas, L^t.] 
Cl'Judinefs j want of tranfparency. Neiv(, 
OPA'COUS. a. [ opjcus, Latin. ] Dark ; 
obfcure j not tranfparent. ^'g^y- 

O'PAL. /. The opal is a very elegant and 
a very fingubr kind of ftone, it hardly 
comes within the rank of the pellucid 
gems, being much more ooake, and lefs 
hard. In colour it much refembles the 
fineft mother of pearl j its bafis feeming 
a bluift or greyi/h white, but with a pro- 
perty of reflating all the colours of the 
rainbow, as turned differently to the light, 
amorg which the green and the blue are 
particularly beautiful, but the fiery red is' 
the fine ft of all. nUl. 

OPA'QUE. a, [cpacus, Lat.] Not tranf. 
parent. Miaon. 

To OPE. 2 ""• (i- r*>P^"> Saxon j o/>. 

To OPEN. 5 Illandick, a hole ] 

X. To unclofe j to unlock. The ccnirary 

2. To fbow ; to difcover. Abbot. 

3. To divide j to break. Addijon. 

4. To explain j to difdofc. Collier. 

5. To beg'n. Dry den. 
To OPE. 7 

To OPEN. I '^'''' 

I. To unclofe } not to remain fliut. 


*. To bark. A term of hunting. Drydtn. 
OPE 7 ^ 

OPEN. 5 "' 

I. Unclofed ; not fliut. Nebim. Cleavel 
3. Plain 5 apparent ; evident. Daniel. 

3. Not wearing difguife 5 dear j artlefs j 
Sincere. Jddifon. 

4. Not clouded j clear. Pope. 

5. Njt hidden j expofed to view, Locke. 

6. Not reftrained j not denied. ABi. 

7. Not cloudy i not gloomy. Bacon. 

8. Uncovered. Drydev, 

O P H 

9 Exptffd i without defence. Shahfp. 

10. Attentive. Jeremab. 

O'PENER. /. [from open.] 

I. Oae that opens j one that unlocks; 

one th?t undofes. Milton, 

%, Explainer J iaterpreter. Sbakefpenre. 

3 That which feparates; difuniter. Boyle. 
OPENEY'ED. a. [open ^n^ eye.] Vigilant j 

watchful. iibakefpeare. 

OPENHA'NDED. .2. [open and band.] Ge- 
nerous ; liberal, Rpzue, 
OPENHEA'RTED. a. [open and beart.]Qt. 

nerous j candid j not meanly fubtle. 

OPENHEA'RTEDNESS. /. [ open and 

heart.] Liberality j munificence j gene- 

O'PENING. /. [from open.] 

1, Aperture; breach. Woodward. 

2. Difcovery at a diftaqce j faipt know- 
ledge ; davv-n. 

O'PENLY. ad. [from open.] 

1. Publickiy j not fecrctly j in fight. 


2. Plainly; apparently j evidently ; with- 
out difguife. Dryden. 

OPENMOU'THED. a. [open and mouth.] 
Greedy ; ravenous. UEJirange, 

G'PENNESS. /. [from open] 

1, Plainnefs; clearnefsj freedom from ob- 
fcurity o,r ambiguity. Shake fpeare, 

2. Freedom from difguife. Felton, 
O'PERA. f. [Italian.] A poetical tale or 

fiilion, reprefented by vocal and inftru- 

mental mufick. Dryden. 

O'PERABLE. a. [from operar^ Latin.] To 

be done ; pradticable, Broivn. 

O'PERANT. a. [operant, French.] ^a.iye-f 

having power to produce any tffcdf. 

Shu kef pea re. 
To O PER ATE. v. n. [operor, Latin.] To 

aft ; to have agency ; to prpduce ^fieds. 
OPERA'TION. /. [operation Hat.] 

1. Agency; produdtion of eflfefts ; influ- 
ence. Hooker, 

2. Aftion ; efFefl. Bentiy. 

3. [In chirurgery.] That part of the art 
of healing which depends on the ufe of 

4. The motions or employments of an 

O'PERATIVE. a. [from operate.] Having 
the power of a<f\ing ; having forcible a- 
gency. Clarendon. Taylor. Norm, 

OPERA'TOR. /. [operateur, Fr. from oper- 
ate.] One that performs any aS of the 
hand ; one who produces any efFed. 


OPERO'SE, a. [o/»i?ro/«j, Latin.] Laborious; 
full of trouble. Burnet. 

OPHIO'PHAGOUS. a, [o^i? and <^dyoo.] 
Serpenteating. Broivn. 

OPHITES, /. A ftone, Opbitts has a 


O P I 

dufkjr greenirti ground, v.ith fpots of l 
lighter green. IJo.'divard. 

OPfHA'LMICK.. a. [:,j,c«X,uof, Gr.] Re 
lating to thf eye. 

O'PHTHALMY. /. [ cphthalmie, Fr» from 
o«j.^aX,uj,', Gr.] A difeafB of the eyer, 
being an inflammation in the coats, pro- 
ceeding from aiterious blood gotten out of 
the vcffelj. 

O'PIATE. y. A medicine that caufes fleep, 

B entity, 

O'PIATE. a, Soporiferous ; fomniferousj 
narcotick. Bacon. 

O'PIFICE. /. [cpifcium, Lat.] Workman- 
fhip J handiwork. 

O'PIFICER. /. [ ofifex, Lat. ] One that 
performs any work j an artift. B-ritley, 

O'PINABLE. a. [ cfitor, Lat. ] Which 
may be thought, 

OPINA'TIO^'. /. {opmor^ Lat.] Opinion ; 

OPINA'TOR. /. {cpir.or^ Lat.] One who 
holds an opinion. H^L. 

To OPl'NE. 'V. n. [o/>inor^ Latin.] To 
think ; to judge. PoJ)e. 

OPINLATIV^. a. [from opinion.] 

1. Stiff" in a preconceived notion. 

2. Imagined j not proved. Glanvil'e, 
OPiNlA'TOR. /. [cpir.iMre, Trench.] One 

fond of his own notion 3 inHexibJc, 


OPINIA'TRE. a. [French.] Ooft.natej 
ftubb rn. Locke, 

OPINIA' iRETY. 7 /. [cpiniatrete, Fr.J 

OPI'NIATRY. J Obftinacy j inflexibi- 
lity j determination of mind. Brown. 

OPl'NION. /. [opinio, Lat. J 

1. Pofuafion of the mind, without proof, 

Ben, yohnjan. Hate. 

2. Sentiments J judgment j notion. 


3. Favourable judgment. Bacan, 
To OPINION, v.a. [from the noun.] To 

opine } to think. G/uniiille. 

OPI'NIONATIVE. a. [from opinion,] Fond 
of preconceived notions. Burnet. 

OPI'NIONATIVELY. ad. [from opiniona- 
ri-ve.] Stubbornly. 

OPI'NIONATIVENESS. /. [irom opinio- 
rati-ve.] Obftinacv. 

OPI'NIONIST. /. \olir.iomfte, Fr. from 
opinion.] One fond of his own notions. 


OPI'PAROUS. a. [opipirus, Lat.] Sumptu- 
ous. 2)„7. 

OPITULA'TION. /. [cpitulatio, Latin.] 
An aiding J a helping. 

O'PIUM. /. A juice, partly of the refinous, 
partly of the gummy k'nd. It is brought 
to us in flat cakes or maflfes j its fmell is 
very unpleafant, of a dead faint kind; 
and its tafle very bitter and very acrid. 
It is brought from Natolia, and from the 


E*fl-Indlc«, where it is produced from the 
poppy. After the etfea of a do.^e oi opi- 
um IS over, the pain generally returns in 
a more violent manner ; the fpirirs, which 
had been elevated by it, becime lower than 
before, and the pulie languid. An immo- 
derate dofc of ol.ium brings on a fort of 
drunlcennefs,cheerfalnefs and loud laughrcr, 
at rtrft, and, after many terrible fymptoms, 
death itfelf. Thofe who have accuftomcd 
themfelves to an immoderate ufc oi opium, 
are lubje£l to reljxuio>,s and weakneH'es of 
all the parts of the body j and m fine grow 
old before their time. Hiili 

OPLE-TREE. /. [cfle and tree.] A fort of 
f'-ee. Anj-uorth. 

OPOBA'LSAMUM. f. [Latin. j of 

OPO'FONAX. f. [L^.tin.] Agomrefinof 
a toirrably ti m texture, in fmail loofe gra- 
nules, and fometinies in Icige milFs. It 
is of a llrong (iifagreeable imtll, and an 
acrid and extremely bitter tafte. We are 
entirely ignorant of the pUnc whicn pro- 
duces this drug. It is attenuating and dif- 
curient, and gently purgative. Hill. 

O'PPIDAN. /. [cp^idanu!,Ul.] A lownf- 
manj an inhabitant of a town. 

To OPPIGNERATE. -v. a. [oppi^nero. 
Lit. ] To pledge j to pawn. Bacon, 

To O'PPILATE. z/. a. [cppi'o, Lat. oppiler, 
Fi .] To heap up obflrudicn. 

OPPILA'TION. /. [ opp Inion, Fr. from 
oppilate.] Obftruftionj matter heaped to- 
gether. Harvey^ 

O'PPJLATIVE. a. [oppilative, Ft.] Ob- 

OPPLE'TED. a. [opp/etus, Ln.] Filled; 


OPPO'NENT. a. [opponens^Ln.] Oppo- 
fife ; adverfe. Prior, 

OPPO NENT. /. [opponens, Lat.] 
I. Antagoniftj adverfary. 
^. who begins the difpute by raifing 
obieftions to a tenet. AJore, 

OPPORTU'NE. a. [ opportunus, Latin. J 
Seafonablc J convenient j fit; timely. 


OPPORTU'NELY. ad. [from opportune.] 
SeafonabJy ; conveniently j withopportu- 
n<tv either of time or place. Plotter. 

OPPORTU'NITY. /. [opporturitas, Latin.] 
Fit place; time J convenience j fuitable- 
nefs of circumilanccs to any end. 

Bacon. Denham, 

To OPPO'SE. ni. a. [oppojer, Fr,] 

I. To a<ftagainft J to be adverfe; to hin- 
der j torcfift. Shakefpeare, 
Z. To put in oppofition j to offer as an 
antagonift or rival. Locke, 
3. To place as anobftacle. D^yden. 
4 To plare in front, Shakf'peare, 

To OPPO'SE. v. n. 

1. To 


1. To aa adverfely. Sbakejpeare. 

a. To obje«n- in adifputation J to have the 

part of raifingdifficultie?. 
OFPO'SELESS. a. [from cp^ofe.] Irref.di- 

ble ; not to be oppofed. t'bakcfpea-e. 

OPPOSER. /. [fronj e/>/^o/f.J that 

oppofes J antagonift : enemy. Blackmore. 
O'PPOSITE. o, [ofpojitus, Lat.j 
I I. Placed in front ; facing each other. Af;/, 

a. Adverfe j repugnant. Dryden. Rogers. 

3. Contrary. TiUotfon, 

O'PPOSITE. /. Adverfary j opponent 5 an- 
tagonift. Hcoker, 
O'PPOSITELY. ad. [from oppnjir,.] 

I. In fuch a fjtuation as to face each other. 

z. Adverfely. May. 

O'PPOSITENESS. /. [from oppcjte.] The 

ftate of being pppofite. 
OPPOSITION. /. [oppofitio, Lat.j 

1. Situation fo as to front foii.cthing op- 

z. Hoftile refinance. Milton. 

3. Contrariety of affcflion. Tillotfon. 

4. Contrariety of intereftj contrariety of 

5. Contrariety of meaning j diverfity of 
raeaning. Hooker. 

To O'PPRESS. V. a. [oppr^fus, Lat.j 
I. To ciufh by hard/hip or unreafonable 
fevcrity. Pope, 

z. To overpower ; to fubdue. Shahfpeare. 

OPPRESSION. /. \ofprrJton, Fr.] 

l.Theart ofopprefTing J cruelty; feverity, 
a. The flate of being opprcfled ; mifery. 

3. Hard/hip j calamity. Addijon. 

4. Dullneis of fpirits j la/Titude of body. 


OPPRE'SSIVE. a. [from oppreju] 

I. Cruel j inhuman j unjuftly exadlious cr 


3. Heavy ; overwhelming. Rave. 

OPPRE'SsOR. /. [hem opprefs.'] One who 
harrsffes others with unjuft feverity. San. 

OPPRO'BRIOUS. a. [ fr<:m cpprob.iutn, 
Lat.] Reproachful J difgracetul j c^uf- 
jng infamy. Addifon, 

OPPRO'BRIOUSLY. ad. [from rpproM 
ous,'] Reproachfully; fcurriloully. Shak. 

OPPKO'BRIOUSNESS. /. [from ofprobn- 
oui.'] Reproachfulnefs j fcunilicy. 

ToOPPU'GN. V. a. [oppu,no, Lat.] To 
oppofe ; to attack ; to refjfl. liarvry. 

OPPU'GNANCY. /. [ixGTnoppvgv] Op- 
pofition. iihake'^peare, 

OPPU'GNER. /. [from oppug?:,] One who 
oppofes or attacks, Bcy/e. 

OPSI'MATHY. f. m^^ua^U.] Late edu- 
cation ; late erudition, 

OP^ONA'TION. /. [oi-fonatio, Lit.] Ca- 
tering j a buying provifions, 

O'PTaBLE. a. {opt^bilii, Late] Defirible 5 
to be wiOied. 

O R A 

O'PTATIVE. a, [optativu:, Latin.] Ex^ 

preflive of defire. 
O'PTICAL. /. [iWJtxo?,] Relating to the 

fcrence of optics. BdyU, 

O'PTICIAN. /. [homoptick.^^ One fkili- 

ed in opticks. 
O'PTICK. ^. [iVy.K.?.] 

1. Vifual J producing vifion j fubfervient 
to vifion. NcMton, 

2. Relating to the fcience of vifion. Wot. 
O'PTICK. /. An inftrument of fight j an 

organ of fight. Broivti, 

O'PTICK./. [ln%m,'\ The fcience of the 
nature and laws of vifion. Broivn. 

O'PTIMACY. /. [optimates, Lat,] Nobili- 
ty ; body of nobles. Hoivel. 

OPTI'MITY. /. [homoptmui.'l Theftate 
of being beft, 

O'PTION./. Icptio, Lat.] Choice; eledi- 
on. Smillridge, 

OPULENCE. 7 /. [ opuhntia, Latin. ] 

OTULENCY. i Wealth; riches; afflu- 
ence. Clarendon. 

OTULENT. a.[opulentu5,U\.'] Rich; weal- 
thy ; affluent. South. 

O'PULENTLY. ad. [from opuUnt,-\ Rich- 
ly J with fplendor. 

OR. conjunct, [otS^p, Saxon,] 

1. A disjundive particle, marking diftrlbu- 
tion, and fometimes oppofition. 

2. It correfponds to either j he muft «• 
ther fall or fly. 

3. Before : or ever, is before ever. 


OR. f. [Fr.] Gold. Phi.'ipu 

O'RACH. /. A plant. 

O'RACLE. /. [oracu/um, Lat.] 

I. Sonaething delivered by fupernatural 
wifdom. Hooker. 

•2.. The place where, or peVfon of whom 
the determinations of heaven are enquir- 
ed. Milton. 

3. Any perfon or place where certain de- 
cifions are obtained. Pope, 

4. One famed for wifdom. 

To ORACLE, 'u. n. [from the noun.] To 

utter oracles. Milton. 

ORA'CULAR. \ J. [fromor^f/^.]Utter- 
ORA'CULOUS. 5 ing oracles; refembling 

oracles. Walker, 

ORa'CULOUSLY. od. [from oraculous.-)^ 

la manner of an oracSe. Brown, 

CRA'CULOUSNESS, /. [from or acuta'. \ 

The ftafe of being oracular. 
O'RAISON. /. [ oroi^on, Fr. ] Praver ; 

verbal fupplication. Dryden. 

ORAL. a. [ord/, Fr.] Delivered by m u;h; 

not written. Addi on. 

O'RALLY. ad. [from ortf/.] By mouth j 

wirh'Ut writing. Hah. 

O'RANGE. /. [o-ang^^ Fr.] The leaves 

have two lobes like t-ar?, cut in form of a 

heart ; the fruit is ryuna and depre(!ed, 
9 afi4 


and of a yellow colour when ripe, in which 
it differs fiocn the citron and lemon. 


O'RANGERY. /. [orargcrie, Pr.] Planta- 
tion of oranges. 6p<£i tor. 

O'RANGEMUSK. /. See Pear, of winch 
It is a fpecies. 

O'RANGEWIFE. /. [orange zaA -ui/.:] A 
woman who fells oranges, ^ba/te/pearf. 

ORATION. /. [or^iio, Lat.] A ipeech 
made according to the laws of ihetonck. 


ORATO'RICAL. a. [from oratour.] Rhe- 
torical ; befitting an oratour. fVacis* 

O'RATOUR. /. [crator, Lat.j 

I. A publick fpeaker j a man of eloquence. 
a. A petitioner. This fenfe is ufed in ad- 
drelfes ro chancery. 

CRATORy. /, [oratoria, ars, Lat.] 

1. Eloquence ; rhetorical fkilJ. Hidney. 
a. Exercife of eloquence. Arbuthr.ot. 
3. A private place, which is deputed and 
allotted for prayer alone. Hooker. Taylor, 

ORB. /. lor6,s, Ln.j 

i. Sphere j orbicular body J circular body. 

2. Mundane fphere j celeflial body. 

Shakefpeare, . 

3. Wheel J any rolling body. Milton, 

4. Circle j 1 ne drawn round. 

5. Circle defcribed by any of the mundane 
Spheres. Bacon. 

6. Period j revolution of time, Miltc/u, 

7. Sphere of a£lion. Shakefpeare. 
ORBA'TION. /. [orbatus, Lat.j Privation 

of parents or children. 
ORBED, a. [from ori.J 

1. Round 3 circular 3 orbicular, 


2. Formed into a circle. Milton. 

3. Rounded, Addilon, 
ORBI'CCLAR. a. [orliculjire, Ft. orb cu- 

iatus, Lar.j 

1. Spherical, Milton. 

2. C rcular. I\le-iVton. 
ORBrCULARLY. aJ. [ from orbicuar, ] 

SphercjJiv j circularly. 

ORBI'CULARNESS. /. [from orbicular.'\ 
The l^ate cf being orbicular. 

ORBICULATED. a. \^orbi(ulatus, Lnin.] 
Moulded into an crb. 

ORBIT./, {orhita, L^un.] The line de- 
fcribed by the revolution of a planet. 


O'RBITY. /, [orbus, Latin.] Lofs, or want 
of parents or children. 

ORG. /. [orca, Lat.j A fort of fea-fifh. 


O'RCHAL. /. A ftone from which a blue 

colour is made. Ainfivorth, 

CRCH A NE r . /. A n he.-b . Jim^-.vir 1 1: , 

O R D 

O'RCHARD. /. [rptseajib, Saxon.] A 

garden of fruic- trees 



OiRCHESTRE. f. [l^x^,-.^^ ] The place 
whery the malicians arc Jet at a publick 

ORD. /. An edge. Ord, in old Englilh, 

fij;nr.ed begirning. 
To O'RDAIN. 1/. a. [ordino, Ljt.J 

1. Toappomt; to decree. Drydtr^ 

2. To c/tabh/h ; to fettle j to inftitute. 


3. To fet in an office. Efthe' . 

4. To inved with mmifterial fundion, or 
lacerdotai power. StilUrgfieet. 

O'RDAINER. /. [from ordain.1 He who 

ORDEAL. /. [opbal, Sax.] A trial by fire 
or water, by which thepcrfon accufed ap- 
pealed to heaven, by waik'ng blindfold 
over hot bsrs of iron j or being thrown 
into rne water. Hale, 

O'RDER. ,. [or^o.Lat.] 

1. Method; regular djfpofition. Bacon. 

2. Ertabliihed procefs. Watti. 

3. Proper ftate. Locke. 

4. Regularity ; fettled mode. Darnel. 
5 Mandate 3 precept 3 command. 


6. Rule ; regulation. Ihoker. 

7. Regular government. Datiid, 

8. A fociety of dignified perfonsdiftinguifh- 
ed by marks of honour. Bacon. 

9. A rank, cr claf?, 2 Kirgs. 

10. A religious fraternity, Skak:<piarf^ 

11. [In the plural,] Hierarchical ftate. 

Dry den. 

12. Means to an end. Taylor, 

13. Mcafures j care. ^pcnfcr, 

14. [In archite<flure.] A fyf^em of the 
feveral members, ornannents, and propor- 
tions of columns ar.d pilafleis. There are 
five orderi of columns 3 three of which 
are Greek, t/z;. the doric, ionic, and Co- 
rinthian 3 and two Italian, •viz.. the tuf- 
c3n and compofite. 

To ORDER. '1'. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To regulate 3 toadjuft 3 to manage ; to 
condud. i*(a'.n%. 

2. To manage; to procure. Spenj^r. 

3. To methodife j to difpofe fitly. 

I Cbrou, 

4. To dire£l ; to command. 

5. To ordain to a facerdotal funif^ion. 


O^^DERER. /. [from o^J^r.] Qoe -liac 
orders, methodiles, or regulates. Suck'.'r:^. 

O'RDERLEbS. a. [fior.iWcr.j Difoidn- 
ly 3 our of rule, Shc^keipeire. 

O'RDERLINESS. /. [from crdcrly] Re- 
gularity ; n:iethr) 

ORDERLY, a. [from ord.r.] 

I. lyLihodJcalj rei^uLr, H'ol-r. 

4 <'.L 2. Not 


2. Not tumultuous j well regulated. 


3. According^with eftablilhed method. 

ORDERLY, ad. [from order, ^ Methodi- 

caJiy J according to order j regularly. 

O'RDINABLE. a. [ordino, Lat.] Such as 

may be appointed. Hammond. 

O'RDINAL. a. [ordinal, Fr. ordinalis, Lat.] 

Noting order. Holder. 

O'RDINAL. /. [ordinal, Fr. ordinale, Lat.] 

A ritual J a book containing orders. 
ORDINANCE./, [ordonnance, Fr.] 

1. Law; rule 5 prefcript. i^penjer. 

a. Obfervance commanded. Taylor. 

3. Appointment. Shakefpeare. 

4. A cannon. It is now generally written, 
tor diftindion ordnance. iShakefpeare, 

ORDINARILY, ad. [from ordinary.] 
I. According to eftablilhed rules ; accord- 
ing to fettled method. Woodivard. 
1. Commonly j ufually. South, 

ORDINARY, a. [o-dinarius, Lat.] 

1. Eltablifhed } methodical 3 regular. 


2. Common ; ufual. Tillotfon. 

3. Mean ; of low rank. Addijor. 

4. Ugly ; not haadfome : as, flie is an or- . 
dinar y woman, 


1. Eltablilhed judge of ecclefiaftical caufes. 


2. Settled eftablirtiment. Bacon. 

3. Adual and conttant office. IVotton. 

4. Regular price of ameai. Shakejpeare. 

5. A place of eatmg eltablifhed at a cer- 
tain price. Sivift. 

To O'RDINATE. V. a, [ordinatus, Latin.] 
To appoint. Daniel 

O'RDINATE. a. [ordinaiuSj Lat.] R'-gu- 
Jar; methodical. I^^y. 

ORDINA'TION. /. [ordinauo, L^t.] 

1. Ertablifhed order or tendency. Norris. 

2, The -odl of inverting any man with fa- 
cerdotal power, Stilhrgfeet. 

O'RDNANCE. /. Cannon j great guns. 

ORDO'NNA'NCE. f. [French.] Difpofi- 

tion of figures in a pifture. 
O'RDURE. /. [ordwe, French.] Dung; 

filth. Dryd.n. 

ORE. /. [ojie, or oji3, Saxon j oor, Dut. 

a mm?, j 

J. Metal unrefined J metal yet in its 
minen! (late. Raleigh. 

2. Metal. jWlton. 

0'R.GaL. /. Lees of wine. yimfworth. 

O'RGaN. /. l^py^vov.] 

1. Natural inftrument j as, the tongue is 
the orguii of fi-eech. Raleigh. 

O R I 

2. An inftrument of mufick confifting of 
pipes filled with wind, and of flops, touch- 
ed by the hand. Keil, 
ORGA'NICAL. 7 r , , i 
ORGA'NICK. \ °' l'"-i^"''"'> Lat.] 

1. Confifting of various parts co-operating 
with each other. Milton. 

2. Inftrumental j afting as inftrum«nts of 
nature or art. Milton, 

3. Refpefting organs. Holder, 
ORGA NICALLY. ad. [ from orgavtcal, J 

By means of organs or inftruments. 

ORGA'NICALNESS. /. [itomorganical.^ 

State oi being organical. 
O'RGANlSM. /. [from organ."] Organi- 
cal ftrutture, Greiv, 
O'RGANIST. /. [organijie, Ff. from or- 
gan.] One who plays on the organ. ' 

ORGANIZA'TION. /. [from organtxe.} 
Conltrudlion in which the parts are fo dil- 
pofed as to be fubfcrvient to each other, 

To O'RGANIZE. v. a. [ crganifer^ Fr. ] 
To ronftru(5t fo as that one part co oper- 
ates with another. 
O'RGANLOFT. /. [organ and ioft.] The 
loft where the organs ftand. Tatler. 

ORGANPIPE. /. [organ and pipe.] The 
pipe of a mufical organ. Sbakefpeare, 

O'RGANY. /. [origanum, Lat.] An 


ORGA'SM. /. [ orgajme, Fr. opyacrfxoi;, ] 

Sudden vehemence. Dtrbam, 

O'RGEIS. /. A fea-fi/h, called Jikewife or- 

gang!ir,g. ylinf'ivortb, 

ORGi'LLOUS. a. [orgueil.'eux, French.] 

Proud ; haughty. Shskefpeare, 

O'RGIE-'. /. [orgia, Lat.] Mad rites of 

Bacchus ; frantick revels. Ben. Johnjon, 

O'RICHALCH. j. [orictakum, Lat.J Brafs. 

O'RIENT. a. [orient, Latin.] 

1. R fing as the fun. Milton, 

2. Eaftern ; oriental. 

3. Blight; fhining J glittering} gaudy j 
fparkling. Bacon. 

O'RIENT./. [orient, Fr.] Theeaftj the 
part where the fun firft appears. 

ORIE'NTAL. a. [onental, Yr.] Eaftern; 
placed in the eaft ; proceeding from the 
caft. Baton. 

ORIE'NTAL. /. An inhabitant of the eaft- 
ern p^trts of I he world. Greto. 

ORIE'NTALISM. /. [from oriental] An 
idiom of the eaftern languages j an caflein 
mode of fpeech. 

ORIE'NTALITY. /. [ixom oriental] State 
of being oriental. Broivn. 

OTvIFlCE. /. [orificium, Lat.] Any open- 
ing or perforation, Arbutbnot, 


O R P 

O'RIFLAMB. /. A golden ftandard. A^rtf. 
ORIGAN. /. [origanum ^ Latin.] Wild mar- 
iorum. Stenfer, 

O'RIGIN. 7 /. r T 1 

ORI'GINAL. i ^- ^'"^°* ^'^'"^ 

1. Beginning ; firft exigence. BentUy. 

2. Fountain j fource j that which gives be- 
ginning or exirtence. Alterbury. 

3. Firft copy j archetype. Locke, 
4- Derivation j defcent. Dryden. 

ORI'GINAL. a. [rrigiralis, Latin.] Pri- 
mitive j priftine; fir<t. St tiling fleet. 
ORI'GINALLY. ad. [from original. \ 

1. Frimarily j with regard to the firft 
caufe. Sma Iridge. 

2. At firft. J^oodivard. 
■X. As the firft author. Rol\omrr.on. 

GRi'GINALNESS. /. [irom onginal.'\ The 

quality or ftate of being original. 
ORI'GINARY. a. [origin Jite, French.] 

I. Produdive ; caufing exiftence. Cheyne. 

2.. Primitive} that which was the fiift 

ftjfe. Sandys, 

To ORI'GINATE. i:a. [iiomorigin.] To 

bring into exigence. 
ORIGINATION. /. [originatio, Lat.] The 

adl of bringing into exificTce. Kail. 

ORISONS. /. [ora//ba, French.] A prayer j 

a fupplication. Cotton. 

O'RLOP. /. [overloop^ Dutch.] The middle 

deck. Skinner. Hayivard. 

O'RNAMENT. /. [ornamen^um, Laiin.] 

1. Embelliftiment 5 decoration. Rogers. 

2. Honour j that which confers dignity. 

ORNAMENTAL, a. [ from ornament. J 

Serving to decoration j giving embelJifh- 

menr. Sivift. 

ORNAME'NTALLY. ad. [from crnamen- 

ta!.] In fuch a manner as may confer cm- 

ORNA'MENTED. a. [ from ornament. ] 

Embelli/hed j bedecked. 
O'RNATE. a. [ornatus, Latin.] Bedecked ; 

decorated ; fine. Mi/ton. 

O'RNATENESS. /. [from o/«a/^.] Finery j 

ftate of being embellifhed. 
ORNA'TURE. /. [omatut, Latin.] Decora- 
tion. A'-nfivortb. 
ORNITHOLOGY./. [ow?and Xc>;.j A 

difcourfe on birds. 
O'RPHAN. /. [^p4>avi;.] A child who has 

Jort father or mother, or both. Spenfer. 

O R T 

without breaking : fome have declared or- 
piment to be only Mufcovy talk, ftained by 
accident. But talk is alvvays elaflick, but 
orpiment not fo, Orpimfrt has b-en fup- 
pofed to f ontain gold, and is fourd in mines 
of gold, filver, and copper, and forretimes 
in the ftrata of marl. The painters are 
very fond of it as a gold colour. /////, 

O'RPHANOTROPHY. /. [ l^<^x,l; and 

T^s'^j)'.] An hofpital for orphans. 
O'RPiNE. /. [orpiny French.] Liverer nr 
rofe root. M tiler, 

ORRERY. /. An inftrument which by ma- 
ny complicated movements reprefents the 
revolutions of the heavenly bodies. It was 
firft made by Mr. Rowley, a mathematici- 
ari born at Litchfield, and fo named from 
his patron the earl of Orrery. 
O'RRIS. /. [ (jr», Latin. ] A plant and 
flower. Bacon. 

O'RRIS. /. [old French.] A fort of gold or 

filver lace. 
ORTS. /. Refufe j things \th or thrown 
away. Bin, Jobnjon. 

O'RTHODOX. a. [o.^o; an4 J9K£«. ] Sound 
in opinion and doftnne j not heretical, 


O'RTHODOXLY. ad. [from onhodox.^ 

With foundefs of opinion. Bacon, 

O'RTHODOXY. / [:.^oJo^'«.] Soundnefs 

in opinion and and dotlrine. Swift, 

O'RTHODROMICKS. /. [from Jg.^(^ and 

J'^oju©',] The art of failing in the ark of 

fome great circle, which is the ftiorteft or 

ftraighceft dirtance between any two points 

on the furfacc of the glrbe. Harris, 

O'RTHOGON. / [ If-o; and youct. ] A 

reftangled figure. Peacham, 

O'RTHOGONAL. a. [from orth'gon.] Red- 

O'RTHOGRAPHER./. [S^-X-and y^d<pv.] 
One who fpells according to the rules of 
grammar. Sbahe'p'are, 

OKTHOGRA'PHICAL. /. [ from' or/-6o- 

1. Rightly fpelled. 

2. Relating to the fpcliino'. Addi'on, 

3. Dcl.neated according to the elevation, 

ORTHOGRA'PHICALLY. ad. [from or- 

1, According to the rules of fpelling, 

2. According to the elevation. 

O'RFHAN. a. [orpbelin, French.] Bereft of ORTHO'GRA PHY. /. [l^bo; and >.p«'i>«.] 

I. The part of gram-Tiir which teaches how 

words ftiould be fpeilrd. H/Jer, 

Z. The pan or pradice of fpelling. Sivift, 

3. The elevation of a building deli-«-ated. 

A'lox n, 

ORTHO'PNOEA. /. [o^S^oTrvota.] A dil- 

order of the lung-:, in which re-(\)irarion 

can be performed only \a an uprigh- ^^(. 

lure. Harvey ^ 

4Qjk C'RTlVii, 

parents. Sidney . 

O'RPHANAGE, 7 /. [from orphan.] State 
O'RPHANISM. S of an orphan. 
ORPI'MENF. /. [auripigrKentum, Latin.] 
True and genuine orpiment is a fohaceous 
follil. It IS of a fine and pure texture, re- 
markably heavy, and its colour is a bright 
and beautiful yellow, like thatof g.ld. It 
is not hird but very tough, eafily bending 

O S T 

O T H 

^'RTIVE. a. [orrtKj, Latin.] Relating 

to the rifing of 4 ^y planet or ftar. 
O'RrOLAN. f. [French.] A fmall bird ac- 
counted very delicious. Cowley. 

O'RVAL. /. [or-vala, Latin,] The herb 
clary D'.tt. 

ORVIE'TAN. /. [orvietano, Italian,] An 
antidote or counter poilon, 

DSCILLA'TION. /. [ofcillum, Latin.] The 
a6t ot moving backward and forward like 
a pendulum. 

OSCl'LLATORY. a- [oJciUum, Lat.] Mov- 
ing backwards and forwards like a pendu- 
lum. Arhuthnot. 

05CI' FANCY. / [olcitantia, Latin.] 

1, The a£t of yawning. 

2. Unufual fleepinefs j careleffnefs. 

CSCl'TANT. a. [ordtars, LsTrn.] 
1. Yawning ; unufually fleepy. 
2- Sieepy 5 sluggi/h Difcay of Piety. 

OSCITA'TION. /. [cfdto, Latin.] The sa 
of y«-Aning Tatler. 

O'SIER. /. [ofier^ French.] A tree of the 
willow kind, growing by the water. May, 
O'.SMUND. /. A plant. Miller. 

O'^PRAY. /. The fea eagle. Numbers. 

O'SSELET. J. [French.] A little hard fub- 
fiance arifing on the infide of a horfe's knee, 
among the fmall bones. 
O'SSICLE. /. [cjiculum, Latin.] A fmfll 
bone. ' Holder. 

O'SSIFICK. a. [cffhanifjcio.] Having the 
power of makit,g bones, or changing car- 
neous or membranous to bony fubflance. 

OSSIFICA'TION. /, [from ojjify.] Change 
of carneous, membranous, or cartilaginous, 
into bony fubftance. Sha'p, 

OSSITRAGE, /. \oftfraga,LzU offtfrague, 
French] A kind oX eagle, Numberi. 

To O'SSIFY. 'V. a. [ojja and facie.'] To 
change t>i b.^.ne. iShjrf). 

0:SSrVOROUS. a. [cja and voro.'] De- 
vouring boofs. Derham. 
O'SSUARY. /. [of|ua:ium,h^t\n.■] A char- 

nel hjufc. 
O T, 'f f. A veilel upon which hops or 
OUST. S fTiait are dried, Di^. 

OSrE'NSIVE. a. [oflentf, Fr. oJlendo.L^t.] 

Showing j .betokening. 
OS TENT, /. [ojl^ntum, Latin.] 

1. Appearance} air j manner; mien. 


2. Sh. w i token, Shakffpeare. 

3. A portent ; a prodioy. Dryden. 
0:>TENTATIO!^. /. [ojlentatio.LitMi.] 

J. Outward Aow ; appearance. Sbakefp, 
boaft ■ " 

2. Ambitious difpiay ; 

3. A fliow i a fpectade. 

vain fhovv. 
Not in ufe. 
Shah jpeare. 

OSTENTATIOUS, a. Boaftful j vain; 
fond of fhow j fond to expole to view. 

OSTENTA'TIOUSLY. ad. [from ofienta- 

ttoui.] Vainlv ; bosftfuliy. 
OSTENTATIOUSNESS./. Vanity ; boaft. 

OSTENTA'TOUR. /. [e/2e«/o, Latin.] A 

boflfter ; a vain fetter to fhow. 
OSTE'OCOLLA. /. [ orsej and xoXXa'w. ] 
0/icOiol/a is frequent in GerrDany, and has 
long been famous for bringing on a callus in 
frafturcd bones. Hill. 

OSTEO'COPE. /. [SfHcv and hottIoo,] Pains 
m the bones. Di^. 

OSTFO'LOGY. /. ['Vsov and Ae;.*;.] A de- 
fcription of the bones. . ' Toiler. 

OSTI'ARY. /. The opening at which a ri- 
ver difembogues itfelf. Brcivn. 
O'STLER. /, [hojlelier, French ] Th^ man 
who takes care of horfesat an inn. S'zmft. 
O'STLERY. /. [toJJe/erie, French.] The 

place belonging to the oftler. 
O'STRACISM. /. forp*x;sr,'^5.:,] A manner 
of fentence, in which the note of acquital 
or condemnation was marked upon a /bell; 
pnblick cf-nfure. Ceavtland, 

OSTRA'CITES. /. Ojiradiei exp^Hles the 
common oyfter in ns f flile fl^te. Hill. 

O'STRICH."/ {auiruche, Fi. firi^tHo^Lzu] is ranged among birds. It is very 
Jaige, its wings very /hort, and the neck 
about four or five fpans. The featheis of 
its wings are in great efteem, and are ufe^ 
as an ornament for hats. They are hunt- 
ed by way of courfe, for fhey never fiy ; 
but ufe tiieir wings to affifi them in run- 
ning more fwiftly. The fwajlows 
bits of iron or brafs, in the fame manner as 
other birds will fwallow fmall ftones or 
gravel, to affift in dige!bng or conminut- 
ing their food. It lays its eggs upon the 
ground, hides therti under the fand, and 
the fun hatches them. Calmer. 

OTACOU'STICK. /. [^2ra. and d-KBiti.'] An 
inftrument to facihrare hearing. Greiv. 

OTHER. /ro«. [o^ep, S xon.] 

1. Not the fame ; not this ; .different. 

2. Not I, or he, but fome one elfe. 

Not the one, not this, but the contrary. 


Correlative to each, PbiL 

Something befides. Locke, 

The next. Shahfpear'e. 

The third paft. Bcfi. Jobncn. 

8. It is fometimes put ellipticdliy for other 

tbirq^. GlaiTviile, 

O'THERGATES. ad. In another manner. 


O'THERGUISE. a. [other ^n6 gufe.] Of 

another kind. 


O V E 

O'THERWHERE. ad. [ether and nvhere.'\ 
In other places. Hooker. 

O'THERWHILE. ad, [other zniivbile.] At 
other times. 

O THERWISE. ad. [other and ivije.] 

1. In a different manner. Spratt, 

2. By other caufes. Raleigh. 

3. In other refpe£ts. Rogers. 
OTTER. /. [otep, S3xon.] An amphibi- 

ous animal that preys upon fifh. Greiv. 

O'VAL. a. [ovale, Fr. ovum, an egg.] Ob- 
long ; rerembling the longitudinal fcvflion 
ofjnegg. BUckmore. 

O'VAL. /, That which has the /hape of an 
eg£T. Watts, 

OVA'RIOUS. a. [from O'vum.'] Confifting 
of eggs. jLhoTHjon, 

O'VARY. /. [ovarium^ Latin.] The part 
of the body in which impregnation is per- 
formed. ' . Broivn. 

OVA'TIOM. /. [o^atis, Latin.] A IcHer 
triumph among the Rr.mans. Di£f, 

oSbuJtJ/- Afo,tof««rpni.r. 

OUCH. /. An ornament of gold or jewel?. 


OVEN. /. [open, Saxcn,] An arched ca- 
vity heated with fire to bake bread. 


O VER hath a double fignification irx the 
names of places. If the place be upon or 
rear a river, it comes from the Saxon cpp.e, 
a brink or bank : but if there n in the 
neighbourhood another of the fame name, 
diftinguifhed by tfie addition of nether, 
then o-ver is from the Gothick ufar, above ^ 

G'VER. prep, [ufar, Gothick j cpjae, Sax. J 

1. Above J with refpedl to excellence or 
digr>ity. SiLtfi. 

2. Above, with regard to rule or authori- 
ty. South. 

3. Above in place. Sbakeffeare, 

4. Acrofs J as, he leaped over the brook, 

Drydtn , 

5. Through. Hammord. 

6. Before. Upenjer. 
O VER. ad. 

I. Above the top, Luie, 

a. More than a quantity afligned. Hayiu. 

3. From fide to lide. Grtiv, 

4. From one to another. Bacon. 

5. From a country beyond the fea. Bacon. 

6. On the furfacc. Gerrfn. 

7. Throughout j completely. ^ouh, 

8. With repetition j another time. Dryd. 

9. Extraordinary j in a great degree. 


10. OvE.% etrd abo-ve, Befides j beyond 
what was firft fuppofed or immeojately in- 
tended. Numbers. 
XI. Over again/}. Oppofitc j regarding 
in frcnt. Bacor. 
iz. In compcfilionit has a great va;iety of 

O V E 

fignification? ; it is arbitrarily prefixed tP 

nouns adjectives, nr other parts of fpeech. 
To O'VER ABOUND, v. n. [over and a- 

bound.] To abound more than enough. 

To O'VER. ACT. v. a. [over and a fl.] To 

aft more than enough. Stildngjieet» 

To O'VER-ARCH. v. a. [over and arch.l 

To Cover as with an arch. Popt» 

To O'VER. AWE. 'V. a. [ o-ver and a-we. ] 

To keep in awe by fuperiour influence. 

To O'VER- BALANCE, v. a. To weigh 

down ; to preponderate. Rogers, 

O'VER- BALANCE /. [over znd balarce.] 

Somethmg more than equivalent. Locke, 
O'VER. BATTLE, a. Too fruitful; exu- 
berant. Hooker, 
To O'VER-BEAR. v. a. To reprcfs ; to 

fubdue j to whelm 5 to bear down. Hotker, 
To OVER-BID. -y.fl. [over and i,d.] To 

offer more than equivalent. Dryden, 

To O'VER -BLOW. v. n, [over and blo'w.^ 

To be paft its violence. 
To O'VER- BLOW. v. a. [ever and ^W.] 

To drive away as clouds before the wind. 
O'VER-BOARD. ad. [oxer and beard. See 

Board.] Oi^^" the Ihip j out of the fhi p. 

To O'VER. BULK. 1/. a, [over and lulk.] 

To opprefs by buik. Shaiefpeare, 

To OVER. BUR DEN. v. a. [over iad bur- 
then.] To load with too great weight. 

ToO'VERBUY. [over and buy.] To 

buy too dear. Dryden, 

To O'VER.CARRY. v. a. [oT^r and carry.\ 

To hurry too far j to be urged to any thing 

violent or dangerous. Hayward. 

To O'VER. CAST. -v. a. part, over- cafi. 

[over and caji.] 

1. To cloud j to darken J to cover with 
gloom. Sper.fer, 

2. To cover. Hooker ji^ 

3. To rate too high in computation. 

To O'VER. CHARGE, v. a. [ oi/.-r and 

1. "To opprefs j to cloy J to furcharge. 


2. To load ; to croud too much. Pope, 

3. To burthen. Sbakefpeare, 

4. Td rate too high. Shakejpeare, 

5. To fill too full. Locke, 

6. To load With too great a charge. 


To O'VER CLOUD. v.,a. [ovennd ooud.} 

To cover with clouds. Tickel. 

To OVERCOME, v. a. pret. I overcame i 

part, pair, overcome j anciently cvercomen, 

as in Spenfer. [ovtrcomen, Dutch.] 

I. To lubdue j to conquer 3 to vanqui/h. 


2. To 

O V E 

3, To overflow; to fureharge. Philips, 
5. To come over or upon j to invade fud- 
aenly. Not in ufe. Shakejpeare. 

To O'VERCOME. «. ». To gain the fuperi- 
ority. Romans. 

CVERCOMER. /. [from the verb.] Hs 

who overcomes. 
To O'VER- COUNT, f . a, {over and count. 1 
To rate above the true value, Sbakefp, 

To O'VERDO, v, a. [over and do.] To do 
more than enough. Gre^v. 

To O'VER- DRESS, v. a. [over and dref,.] 
To ?dorn lavirtily. Pope. 

To OVER-DRIVE, v. a. [over zni dri-ve,] 
To drive too hard, or beyond ftrerigth. Gen, 
To O'VER EYE. v. a, [o-vennd eye.] 
T, To Tuperintend. 

■2. To obferve ; to remark. Shahfpeare, 
To O VER EMPTY, v. «. [cwr and m/>(y.-j 
T') mjke too empty. Careiv, 

O VERFAL /. [over anifuU,} Cataraft. 


To O^VER FLOAT, [o^er and Jioat.] 

To fwim ; to float. Dryden. 

To O'VER FLOW. w. «. [over zx\d jloxv.'] 

1. To be fuiler than the brim can hold. 

a. To exuberate. Rogers, 

To O'VER- FLOW. v. a. 

1, To fill beyond the brim. Taylor, 

s. To deluge j to drown j to over- run. 

O'VER FLOW. /. [ever zad foiv.] Inun- 
dation ; more than tulnefs ; luch a quan- 
tity as runs over j exuberance. jirbutb, 
O'VER- FLOWING. /. [irotti over -fiono ] 
Exuberance } copioufnefs* Rogen, 

O'VER-FLOWINGLY. ad. [from O'ver- 
Jioiving.] Exuberantly. Boyle, 

To O'VER FLY. -v. a. [ever and /y.] To 
crofs by fliaht. Dryden. 

OVER- FORWARDNESS. /. [over and 
fortvardne[s.'\ Too great quicknefs. Hale. 
To O'VER FREIGHT, v. a. pret. over- 
freighted J part, over-fraught. To load 
too heavily. 
To O'VER- GET. v,a, [o?/£rand^<?/.] To 
reach ; to come up with. Sidney. 

To O'VER GLANCE, v. a. [ o'ver and 
glance. ] To l^ok haftily over. Shakefp. 

To O'VER GO. V, a. \o%er and|r,.] To 
furpafs ; to excel. Sidney. 

To OVER- GORGE, v. a. [ever 2in6 gorge. ■^ 

To gorge too much. 

To O'VER-GROW. v. a. [overznigroiu.] 

1. To cover with growth, Spenffr. 

Z- To rife above. Mortimer. 

To O'VER-GROW, v. n. To grow be- 

yond the fit or natural fize. Knolles. 

O VER- GROWTH. /. [over and groiuth. j 

Exuberant growth. Bacon, 

To O'VER-HALE. t. a. [over and ha/e.] 

I, To fprt'ad over. K^penjer, 

a, To examine over again. 

O V E 

To O'VER HANG. v. a. [over zni Baf>g.] 

To jut over J to impend over. Shakefp, 
To OVER- HANG. v,n. To jut over. 

To O'VER.HARDEN. v. a. [ over and 

hirden. j To make too hard. Boyle. 

OVER-HEAD, ad. [over ^nd bead ] A- 

loft ; in the zenith J above. Milton, 

To O'VER. HEAR. v. a. [over snd hear.} 

To hear thofe who do not mean to be heard. 


ToO'VER-HEND. v. a, [over and bend.} 

To overtake 5 to reach. Spenjer, 

To O'VER- JOY. v.a. [over 2ind joy.] ^o 

tranfport; to raviih. Taylor^ 

OVER- JOY. /. Tranfport } ecftafy. 

To O'VER-RIPEN. v.a, [over and ripen.} 

To make too ripe. Sbakeipeare, 

To O VER-LABOUR. v. a. [over and la. 

I'our,] To take too much pains on any 

thing; to harrafs with toiL Dryden, 

ToOVERLA'DE. v.a, [over an6 lade.] To 

over- burthen. Suckling. 

OVERLA'RGE. a, [over and large.] Larger 

than enough. Collier, 

OVERLA SHINGLY. /. [over and lap.} 

With exaggeration. Brereivood. 

To OVERLAY, v.a. [over and Jay.] 

1. Toopprefs by too much weight or power, 

Raleigb, Ben. yobnjon, 

2. To fmother with too much or too cJofe 
covering. Milton, 

3. To fmother ; to crufh ; to overwhelm. 

• South, 

4. To cloud ; to over-caft. Spenfer, 

5. To cover fuperficially. Exodus, 

6. To join by fomething laid over. Milton, 
To OVERLE'AP. v. a. [ over and leap. J 

To pafs by a jump. Dryden, 

OVERLE'ATHER. /. [over znd leather,] 

The part of the fhoe that covers the foot, 


To OVERLIVE, v.a. [over znd live.] To 
Jive longer than another; to furvive ; to 
out-live. Hayivard, 

To OVERLIVE, v. n. To live too Jong, 

Ml I ton, 

ONERLI'VER. / [from overlive,] Survi- 
vor ; that which lives longeft. Bacon, 

ToOVERLO'AD. v.a. [ovrr and Imd.} 
To burthen with too much. Felton, 

O'VERLONG. a. [ over and long. ] Too 
long. Boyle. 

To OVERLO'OK. v. a, [over and kok.} 
I. To view from a higher place. Dryden, 
a. To view fully; to perufe. Shakejp, 

3. To fuperintend ; to overfee. Graunt, 

4. To review. Rof common, 

5. To pafs by indulgently. Rogers, 

6. To negledt ; to flight. Jltterbury, 
O VER LOOKER. /. [oi'cr and looker ] One 

who looks over h;s teJlows, Watts„ 


O V E 

O V E 

CVERLOOP. /. Tbe fame with orlop, to ever-reacb, when he bring? his hinder 

OVERMA'STED. a, [cvir undma/i.] Hav. feet too far forwards, and ftrikes his toes 

log too much niaft. D-yJen. againft his fore fhoes. Farr Diff 

To OVERMA'STER. v. a. [o-vennd maf- OVERRE'ACHER. /. [from o-ver-rfacb.] 

tcr.'j Tofubdue; to govern. Sbokejpearc. A cheat ; a deceiver. 

ToOVERMA'TCH. -v. a. [^t/cf and mat.b.^ To OVERRE'AD. 'v. a. [over and read.'* 

To be too powerful j to conquer, Drydtn. To pcrufe. S'jakeitcare 

OVERMATCH./, [over :inti matcb.'] One To CVERROAST. v. tf. [e-y^r and ro.y?. j 

of fuprriour powers. MUton. To roaft too rruch. Shakelt-jre 

OVERMO'ST. a. [ovennd mojl.] Hghett j 

over the reit m authority. j^infivonb. 

OVERMU'CH. a. [ovennd much.] Too 

much; more than enough. Locke, 

OVERMU CH. ud. Iq tuo great a degree. 

OVERMU'CHNESS. /. [from overmuch.] 

Exuberance j iuperabundance, 

Ben. Jobnfon, 

OVERNI'GHT. /. Night before bcd.time. 


To OVERNA'ME. v. s. [over and name.] 

To name in a feries. Sbakefpeare. 

To OVERO FFICE. v. a. [over and office.] 

To lord by vittue of an iffice. Sbakelp, 
OVEROFFI'CIOUS. a. [over and offia- 

cus.] Too bul'y ; too importunate. 
ToOVERPA'SS. v.a. [ovir znA pap,] 

1. To crofs. Drydin. 

a. To over-look J to pafs with difregard. 

3, To omit in a reckoning. Raleigh. 

4. To omit ; not to receive. Hooker, 
ToOVERPA'Y. v.a. [over 2kn^ pay.] To 

reward beyond the price. Prior. 

To OVERPE'RCH. /. [over and percb. ] 

To fly over. ithakefpeare. 

To OVERPE'ER. v. a. [over 3n6 peer.] To 

over-look j to hover above. Sardys. 

O'VERPLUS. /. [over and flus.] Surplus; 

what remains more than fufficient. 

ToO'VERPLY. 'y.a. [ovcrzndfjy.] To 

employ too laborioufly. RIdton. 

To OVERPO'ISE, V. a. [over znd poife.] To 

outweigh. Srciun. 

OVERPO'ISE. /. [from the verb.] Pie- 


To OVERRULE. V. a. [over and r'u'l^.] 

1. To influence with predominant power; 
to be fupericur in authority. SJmy, 

2. To govern with high authority ; ro fu- 
perintend. Hayivard. 

3. To fuperfede ; as, in law, to over-rule a 
plea is to reiedt it as incorr;petent. 

To OVERRU N. V, a. [o-vrr and run ] 

1. To harrafs by incurfions j to rav.ige. 

D yden, 

2. To out-run. Bacon, 

3. To overfpread 3 to cover all over. 


4. To mifchief by gieat numbers; to pef- 
t". jidd:fon. 

5. To injure by treading down. AddiLn, 
To OVERRU'N. -.;. n. To overflow ; to be 

more th?n full. Spenftr, 

ToOVERSE'E. v. a. [ever ^nd fee.) 

I. To fupcrintend ; to overlook. Spenfcr. 

a. To overlook ; to pafs by unheeded ; to 

omit. Hudibras, 

OVERSE'EN. ^^r^ [ixom o'ucrfce.] Mif- 

taken; deceived. Clarendon, 

OVtRSE'ER. /. [from over fee.] 

1. One who overlooks ; a fuperintendenr. 


2. An cfficer who has the care of the pa- 
rochial provifion for the poor. Graunt, 

To OVERSE'T. v. a. [over ind fa.] 

1. To turn the bottom upwards ; to throw 
ofl:' the bafis. Addf.n. 

2, To throw out of regularity. Dryden 
To OVERSE'T. v. n. To fail e.fF the bafis. 

To OVERSHA'DE. v. a. [over and fhade.l 

To cover with darkncf . Dr/dtru 

To OVERSHADOW, v. a. [over and fha» 


1. To throw a fliadow over any thing. 

2. Tofhelter; to protect. Mdton. 
To OVtRSHO'OT. V. n. [over tndfhoot.] 

To fly beyond the mark. Codter, 

ponderant weight. 
To OVERPO'WER. v. a. [over and pow- 
er.] To be predominant over; to opprefs 

by luperioricy. Biyle. Wcodzvurd, 

To OVERPRE'SS. v. a. [over znd pnfi.] 

To bear upon with iircfiftible force ; to 

overwhelm ; to crufli. Bcfci,mmon. 

ToOVERPRl'ZE. 1/. a. [over ind prize.] To OVERSHO'OT. 

To value at too high price. H'oitcn, i. To /hoot beyond the mark. Tillotfon. 

OVERRA'NK. a. [ovenud rark.] Too 2. [With the reciprocal pronoun.] To 

rank. Mortimer. venture too far ; to affcrt too much. 

To OVERRA'TE. v. a. [over iad rate.] JVbitgifte. 

To rate too much. Rogen. OVERSIGHT. /. [from over and/^ir.] 

To OVERRE'ACH. i/.a. [over i.nd reach.] i. Superintendence. %Kings, 

1, To rile above. RaUigi. z. M.ftake ; error. Hooker. 

2. To deceive J to go beyond. TiUoifon. To OVERM'ZE. v. a. [over TirAfize.] 
To OVERRE'ACH. v. n. a horfe is faid i. To furpafs in bulk. Sandyt, 

' a. io 

O V E 

2, To plafter over. Shakefptare, 
To OVERSKI'P. i/.i7. [over 2.nA Jkip.] 

1. To pafs by Jeaping. Hooker. 

a. To pafs over, Donne. 

3 ToeJcape. Sh&kefpeare. 

To OVERSLIi'EP. "V-a. [over and Jleep.] 

To fleep too long. 
To OVERSLI'P. v. a. [o-ver ini Jlrp.] To 

pafs undone, unnoticed, or unufcd j to ne- 

gka. Wet ton. 

To OVERSNO W, v. a. [over and /row.] 

To cover with fnow. Dry den. 

OVERSO'LD. part, [from over/eh] Sold 

at too high a price. Dryden. 

OVERSO'ON. ad. [ over and Joon. ] Too 

foon. Sidney. 

OVERSPE'NT. part. [ over and fpend. j 

■Wearied j harrafled. Dryden, 

To OVERSPREA'D. f . ^. [oT/frand/z^rcj^.] 

To cover over j to fill ; to fcatter over. 

To OVERSTA'ND. v. a. [over zudjiand.] 

To ftand too much upon conditions. 

To OVERSTA'RE. v. a. [over zndjiare.] 

To ftare wildly. Aj'cham. 

To OVERSTOCK, v. a. [over zndjiock.] 

To fill too full J to croud. Szvift. 

To OVERSTRAI'N. v. v. {over zndjirafti.] 

To make too violent efforts, Collier^ 

To OVERSTRAIN, n^. a. To flretch too 

far. j^yhffe. 

To OVERSWA'Y. f. a. [ever and J'way.'] 

To over-ruJe ; to bear down. Hooker. 

To OVERSWE'LL. v. a. [over md jiuell.] 

To rife above Fairfax. 

OVERT, a. [o«iw/, French.] Open J pub- 
lick ; apparent. KingChar/es. 
O'VERTLY. ad. [ from the adjeftive. ] 

To OVERTA'KE. v. a. [over and takr,] 

jr. To catch any thing by purfuit j to 

come up to fomething going before. 

Hooker, Shakefpeare. 

•2. To take bv furprize, Ga!, 

To OVERT A'Sk. v.a. [ovei iini tajk.] 

To burthen with too heavy duties or in- 

junfbions. Harvey. 

To OVERTHRO'W. v. a. [over and threw j 

preter. overthreiv ; part, ovethro-zvn.j 

3. To turn upfide down. Taylor. 
a. To throw down j to ruin j todemoliih. 


3. To defeat } to conquer j to vanquifb. 


4. To deftroy \ to mifchief ; to bring to 
nothing. Sidney. 

OVERTHRO'W. /. [from the verb.] 

J. The ftate of being turned upfide down. 
a. Ruin ; deftru6tion. Hooker. 

3. Defeat j difcomiilure, Hayiuard. 

4. Degradation, Skakefpeare, 

O V E 

OVERTHRO'WER. /. [from overthroiv.-] 

He who overthrows. 
OVERTHWA'KT. a. [over and thivart.J 

1. Oppofuc} being over againft. Dryden. 

2. Crofling any thing perpendicularly. 

3. Perverfej adverfe j contradictious. 


OVERTHWA'RTLY. ad. [from over- 

I. Acrofs 5 tranfverfcly. 
a. Pervicacioufly 5 perverfely. 

OVERTHWA'RTNESS. /. [from over- 
thivart.] Pervicacity j perverfeneJs. 

OVERTOO'K. /'re^ &Mpart. pajf. oi over- 

To OVERTO'P. V. a. [over and ^^j&,] 
I. To rife above} toraife the hean above. 
a. To excel 5 to furpafs. 
3. To obfcure ; to make of lefs impor- 
tance by fuperiour excellence. Bucov, 

To OVERTRI'P. v.a. [over ^n A trip.] To 
trip over ; to walk lightly over, iihakefp. 

OVERTURE. /. [ouverture, French.] 
I. Opening J difdofure j difcovery. 

a. Propofal J fomething oifered to confide- 
ration. Hayward. 

To OVERTU'RN. v.a. [over and turn.] 

1. To throw down j to topple down j to 
fubvert 5 to ruin. Roive, 

2. To over-power J to conquer. MiUon. 
OVERTU'RNER. /. [from owrr«r«. j Sub- 

vertiir. Sivife. 

To OVERVA'LUE. v.a. [over zr^d value. -\ 
To rate at too high a price. Hooker. 

ToOVERVEI'L. v.a. [over aiid veil.] To 
cover. Shakespeare, 

ToOVERWA'TCH. v. v. [over^nd il;atcb.j 
To fubdue with long want of reft. Dryd. 

OVERWEA'K. a. [over &nd lueak.] Too 
weak J too feeble. Raleigh, 

To OVER WEATHER, v. a. [over and 
iveatber.] To batter by violence of wea- 
ther. Shakespeare, 

To OVERWEE'N. v. n, [over and ween,'\ 
To think too highly j to think with arro- 
gance. Sbakefpeare, 

OVERWEE'NINGLY. ad. [from over- 
•ween.'] With too much arrogance } with 
too high an opinion. 

To OVERWEl'GH. v. a. [over and iveigh.'[ 
To preponderate. Hooker, 

OVERWEI'GHT. /. [ever and -weght.] 
Prepondsrsnce. Bacon, 

To OVERVv^HE'LM. v, n. [ over and 

1. Tocrufh underneath fomething violent 
and weighty. Rogers. 

2. To overloBk gloomily. Skakejpeare, 
OVERWHE'LMINGLY. ad. [from over- 

luhtlming.] In fuch a manner as to over- 
whelm. Decay of Piety, 


VERWROU'GHT. p:2rf. [ cv:r and 

I. Laboured too much. Dryden. 

z. Worked alJ over. Fope. 

OVERWO RN. parf. [o'ver and ivorn.] 

1, Worn out 5 fubdued by toil. Dryden. 

2. Spoiled by time, Shakfjpearf. 
OVERYEA'RED, a, [over ^nAytar.] Too 

■old. '' Fairfax. 

OUGHT. /. [aphit, Saxon.] Any thing j 

not nothing. Mtltan. 

OUGHT, verb imperfeSi. [preterite of c-u;?. J 

1. Owed ; was bound to pay j have been 
iiidebced. Spilmati. 

2. To be obliged by duty. Bacon. 

3. To be fit J to be necc-nary. Lecke. 
OVIFO'RM. a. [ovufmx\AJoimay'Lii\h.'\ 

Having thi fhape of an egg. Burmt. 

OVi'PAROUS. a. [cvum znd par !0,L-iUn.] 
Bringing forth eggs j not viviparcus. Ray, 

OUNCE. /. [once, Fr. uncia, Lat.] A name 
of weight of different value in different de- 
nominations of weight. In troy weight, 
an ounce is twenty penny. weight j a pen- 
nv-wsight, twenty-four grains. Bacon, 

OUN'CE. /. [cnce^ Fr. orxu, Spanifh,] A 
lynx ; a paniher. Mi/ton, 

OUPHE. /. [auj; Teutonick.] A fairy } a 

OU'PHEl^. /. [fromoupb.] ^mrn. Sbakcfp. 

OUR. fron. p^J\ [uji-, S^on.] 

1. Pertaining to Us j belonging to us, 


2. When the fubftantive goes befjre, it is 
written ours. Davies, 

OURSE'LVES. reciprocal pronoun, 

I, We; not others. Locke, 

a. Us j not others, in the oblique cafes. 

OURSE'LFis ufed m the regal ftile. Shakefp, 

OL'SE. f. Tinners bark. 

OU'bELy*. [■ pie, Saxon. J A bjickbtrd. 

Spenft r. 

To OUST. 1'.^. [o^,/?ir, French,] To 'va- 
cate ; fo take away. Hale. 

OUT. ai. [ut, Saxon.] \ 

1. Not within. Prior. 

2. It is generally oppofcd to in, Sbaktfp. 

3. In a Itate of difclol'ure. Bacon, 

4. Not in confinement or concealment. 


5. From the place or hoofe. Sbakefp. 

6. From the inner part. Exiek. 

7. Not at home, 

8. In a (late of eKtinftion, Sbahrfpeare. 
^. In a ftate of being cxhaufted, Sbakejp, 

10. Not in an affair. Sbakefpear\ 

11. To the end. Dryden, 

12. L -iidly J without reftraint. Pope. 
i-\. Nat in the hands of the owner. Locke, 

J4. Ill an errour. 

I^. At a Icfs J in a puzzle, 

16. With torn cloaths. 

l^ With torn 
I^ Avv'ay at 

a kii , 




P^'ydfn, T"yi'^ 


18. It is ufcd emphatically bc.''ore 'J^Jt. 


19. It is added emphatically to verbs of 
difcovery. Numbert,, 

OUT, interje&. An exprefflon of abhor- 
rence or expuifion j as, out upcn this half- 
fac'd fcllowKhip. Sbukejp, 

OUT of. prep. 

I, From J noting produce. S/enfer. 
%. Noting noting cxciuficn or difmiffion. 


3. No longer in. Dryden. 

4. Not in 5 noting unfitnefs. Dryden, 

5. Not within J relating to a houfe. 


6. From ; noting extradlion. Bacon. 
* 7. From; noting copy. Stillirgfliet. 

8. From ; noting refcue. jiddijon, 

9. NoC in J noting exorbitance or irregu- 
l-irity. Szvift, 

10. From one th'ng to fomething different. 

Decay of Piety, 

II. To a differentiate fjom j noting dif- 
order. Burnett 

12, Not according to. Pope, 

13. To a different ftate from ; noting fe- 
paration. Hooker, 
J 4. Beyond. Shah fp- are. 
J 5. Deviating from. Shahpcare, 

16. Paft J without j notins fomethin^worn 
out or exhaufted. Kr.olles. 

17. By means of. Sh.ike(peare, 

18. In confequence of j noting the motive 
or re J Ton. _ Bacov, 

19. Out of hand ; immediately j as tliat is 
eafiiy ufed which is ready in the hand. 

To OUT. V. a. To expel j to deprive. 

T^ing Charles, 
To OUTA'CT. V. a. [out and a£I.\ To do 

beyond. 0<ivay. 

To OUTBA'LANCE. 'v. a. [out and ba- 
lance.^ To over-weigh j to preponderate. 
ToOUTBA'R. v.a.[out^n6bsr.'\ ToHiat 

cut by fortification. Spen^'cr, 

To OUTBI'D. V. a, [ out and bid. ] To" 

over-power by bidding a higher price,, 
OUTBI'DDER. /. [cut and bid.] One that 

OUTBLOWED. a. [out and bL'w.'\ Tn- 

flared ; fwollen with wind. Dryder 

OUTBORN. a. [out and ^rw.J Foreign' 

not native, * 

OU'rnOUND. a. [out inH bound.-] Defti- 

nated to a diftant voyage. Dryden 

To OUTER A'VE. -v. a. [out and brate.\ 

To bear down and difgrace by more daring, 

infolent, or fpiendid appearance, Coiv/e'-. 
To OUTBRA'ZEN. v. a. [out ^nd brazen.} 

To bear down with impudence. 
OU'TBREAK. /. [out and break.] That 

which breaks fv)r;b } eruption, Sbakr'p^ 
r. 4 ^ To 


^0 OUTBREA'THE. -v.a. [o:/?and htath.l 
1. To weary by having better breath. 

a. To expire. S}>ertfer, 

OUTCA'ST. part, 

1. Thrown into the air as refufc, Spenfer. 

-t. BaniHied j expelled. Milton. 

OUTCA'ST. /. Exile \ one rejefled ; one 

expelled. Prior. 

To OUTCRA'FT. "v.a, [&«/ and croft.\ 

To excel in cunning. Shakefpeare, 

O'UTCRY. /. [out and cry.^ 

J. Cry of vehemence j cry of diftrefs ; cla- 
mour. Denham. 

a. Clamour of deteftation. South. 

OUTDA'RE. nj.a. [out 2Ln^ dare, '\ To ven^ 

ture beyond. Shakefpeare, 

To OUTDA'TE. v, a. {cut and date.] To 

antiquate, Hammond, 

To OUTDO', v.a. [ot/f and Jo.] To excel j 

to furpafs. Shakefpeare. Milton. 

ToOUTDWE'L. v.a, [outinidtvelL] To 

flay beyond. Shakefpeare. 

OU'TER. a. [from out.'\ That which is 

without. Creiv. 

OU'TEP-LY. ad. [from outer.f\ Towards 

the outfij?. Greiv. 

OUTERMOST, a. [fuperlative fromoK/'fr.] 

Reinofeft froTi the midft. Boyle, 

To OUTFA'CE. f . a. [out 2.x\^ face. 1 

1, To brave \ to bear down by fhew of 

magnanimity. IF^tton, 

ft. To ftare down. Raleigh. 

To OUTFA'WN. v, a. \_out a^n^faivn.'] To 

excel in fawning. Hudibras. 

To OUTFLY'. -v. a. [out^nijiy.] To leave 

behind in flight. Shahfpeare, 

OUTFO'RM- /. [out uniform.] External 

appearance. Ben, "Johnjon. 

To OUTFRO'WN. f, a. \out and /ro-u;«.] 

To frown down, Shakefpsare. 

OU'TGATE. /. {out and gate.] Outlet } 

pjffage outwardf. Spenfer, 

To OVTCl'VE. V, a. [out znd give.] To 

furpafs in giving. Dryden. 

To OU'TGO, V. a. pret. outwent ; part. 

outgone, [out ^nd go.] 

I. To furpafs J to excel. Caretv, 

«, To go beyond j to leave behind in g<»ing. 


3. To clrcumvppt 5 to overreach. Dinh. 
To OU TGRO^W. ij. a. [o^t and groiv^] To 

fiupafs in growth j to grow too great or too 

old for any thing. Siviff. 

OU'TGUARD. /. [out and guard.] One 

ported at a diftai^ce from the mam body, as 

a 6e fence. D''jden. Blackmore, 

OUTJE'ST. -v.a. [oa^ and jV/?.] To over- 
power hy jefting. Shakefpeare. 
To OU TKNA'VE. v, a. [fl:<; and kna've.] 

To furpafs in knavery. UEJlrang^. 

©UTLA'NDiSH. a, [out and land.] Noc 

oative j fortign, •P??"?* 

O U T 

ToOUTLA'ST. 'v,a. [out ^n6 laji.] To 
furpafs in duration. Waller. 

OU'TLAW. /. [utlaja, Saxon.] One ex- 
cluded from the benefit of the law. A 
plunderer J a robber j a bandit. Da^vies. 

To OUTLAW. <!-. a. To deprive of the be- 
nefits and protection of the law. Herbert, 

OUTLAWRY./, [ivomoutlaw.] A?de- 
cree by yifhich any man is cut of!" from the 
community, and deprived of the protec- 
tion of the law. Bacon, 

To OUTLEA P. -v. a, [out and leap.] To 
pafs by leaping j to flart beyond. 

OUTLEA'P. /. [from the veib.] Sally; 
flight ; efcape. Locke, 

OUTLET./. [c«/ and /^/.] Paflage out- 
wards 5 difcbarge outwards. Ray, 

OUTLINE, y. [out and line,] Contour; 
line by which any figure is defined j extre- 
mity. Dryden, 

To OUTLI'VE. "V.a. [oa/ and /;W.] To 
live beyond j to furvive. Clarendon. 

OUTLI'VER. f. [outindlive.] AfoTMiver. 

To OUTLOO'K. -v. a. [out acd lock.] To 
face down ; to browbeat, Sbakefpeari, 

To OUTLU'STRE. -v. a, [out and lujlre.] 
To excel in brightnefs. Shakefpeare, 

OU TLYiNG. part, a. [out and lie.] Not 
in the ccmmoa courfc of order. 'ten^ple. 

To OUTMEA'SURE. -v. a. [^ut and mec,' 
fure,] To exceed in meafure. Broivn, 

To OUfNU'JVjBER. 'v. a. [out &nd num- 
ber^.] To exceed in number. y^ddifon. 

To OUTMARCH, v. a. [out and rnanh.'^ 
To leave behind in the march. Clarend, 

OUTMOST, a. [out and mof.] Remoteft 
from the mid0le, Neivtor. 

OUTPA'RISH. / [cut3P.dpariJIp.] pirifh 
not lying within the walls. 

OUTPA'RT. /. [out and part.] Part remote 
from the center or main body. ^yljfe. 

To OUTPACE, -v.a. [out and pace] To 
outgo J to leave behind. Chapman. 

To OUTPOU'R. -v.a. [out zt\d pour.] To 
emit j to fend forth in a ilream. Miho?;. 

To OUTPRI'ZE. -v.a. [out and prize.] 
To exceed in the value fei upon it. 

Sbak fpeare. 

To OUTRAGE, v.a. [ca/ra^fr, French.] 
To injure violently or contnmelioufly j to 
infult roughly gnd tumukuoufly, Atterb, 

To OU TRACE, -v. v. To conpmit exorbi- 
tsncies. yifcbum, 

OUTRAGE. /. [outrage, French.] Open 
Violence j tuipultyous mifchief. 

Shake peare. 

OUTRA'GEOUS. a. [o'.'trageux, French.] 

1. VioIe.Ttj furious J raging 3 exoibitant ^ 
tumultuous ; turbulent. Sidney, 

2. Exceflive j paffing reafon or decency. 


3. fnormousj atrocious, Shahji 



OUTRA'GEOUSLY. ad. [from outrageous.] 

Violently j tumuJtuoufiy j furiouily. 

Scufb . 
OUTRA'CEOUS'N'ES^.f.[ftom outrageous.] 

W 'h fury ; with vioJcricc. Drydn. 

To OUTREA'CH. v. a. [cut i^nA reach.] 

To go beyond, Broivn. 

ToOUTRI'DE. n;. a. [out :inA ride.] To 

pafs by riding. Dryden, 

OUrRl'GHT. ad. [outing right.] 

1, Immediately j without delay. A'iuth. 

2. Completely. AdJiJon. 
To OUTROA'R. v,a. [out zn6 roar.] To 

exceed in roaring. iihakujpeare. 

OUTRODE. /. [out and Vode.] Excurfion. 

I Mac. 
ToOUTROO^r. v.a. [cut and roor.] To 

exriroaie; to eradicate. Ro<ive, 

To OUTRUN, v. a. [out itiA run.] 

1. To Jeave behind in running. Sbahff>. 

2. To exceed. AJdijon. 
To OUTSAIL, -v. a. [cr/r and /-v//. ] To 

leave behind in failmg, B'ocm;. 

ToOUTSCO'RN. -u.a. [out znAf corn.] To 

bear down or confront by contempt. 

ToOVTiZ'L. -v.a. [outzvAJel'.] 

1. To exceed in the piice for which a 
thing is fuli. temple. 

2. To gain an higher price. Shahfpeare, 
ToOUTSHI'NE. T/,«>. [dut i^nAJhine.] 

1. ToemitluHrc. Hhakejpeare. 

2. To excel in luftre. Derhain, 
To OUTSHOO'T. t,.a. [o«/ and/c^r. J 

1. To exceed in fhooting. Dryder. 

2. To fhoot beyond. A'orrtSt 
OUTM'DE. /. [ouranSjId^.] 

I. Superficies J furface 3 extertial part. 

L^ Ffi'ange. 
4. Extreme patt j part remote from the 
niddie, , Bacon. 

3. Superficial appearancf. Locke. 

4. The utmoft. liiorrlmfr. 

5. Perfon ; external hmn. Bacon. 

6. Outer fide ; part not inclofrd. ^pcfl. 
To OUTSI'T. <!/. a. [out and fit.] lo fit 

b?vond the time of any thing. South. 

ToOUrSLEE'P. -v. a. [out i^ni Jlcep.] To 

fl-ep beyond. Hhakcipeare, 

To OUTS'PEA'K. v.a. [out^nifpeak.] To 
_ focalc fomething beyond. i; b. ike (pear e, 

ToOUrSFO'RT. 'v.ui [cutznAf port.] To 

fporl beyond. Shakeipeare, 

To OUT^'PREA'D v. a. [ou.t and ff read] 

To extend ; to<iifi'u!>. Fofe. 

To OUTSTA'ND. -v. a. [out3ne./}ard.] 

1. To fupport ; to rcfift. IVo'.dward. 

2, To ftaftd beyond liic proper time. 


To OUTSTA'ND. v. n. To protuberate 

from the main body. 
To OUTSTA'RE. *, a. [out aq^Ji^rr.] To 


fece down ; to bro^-bcat j to outface with 

ctVrontery. CraJhatO. 

OUTSTREE'T. /. [tut ^nd fireet.] Street 

in the extremities nt a town. 
To OUTSTRETCH. 1/. a. [out snAfiretcb.] 

To extend ; to Sread out. Stakejpeare^ 
To OU'TSTRIP. v. a. To outgo ; to leave 

behind, Ben. Jobnfono. 

To OU'T-SWEETEN. 'V.a. [out 2in6 f^eel- 

en.] To excel in fweclncfs. Shakejpeare. 
To OUTSVVEA'R. v.a. [out ini Jivear.\ 

To ovfr-p*'wer by fwearing. 
To OUT-TO NGUE. -v. a. [out and tongue.'\ 

To bc?r down by noife. HbuJitf peart, 

ToOUTTA'LK.. 1/.J. [cut znd talk.] To 

over-power by talk. Hbakefpeare.. 

To OUT VA'LUE. -y, a. [out and value.^ 

To tranfcend in price, Boyle, 

To OUl VE'NOM. f . a, [out and venom.] 

To exceed in poifon, Shakejpeare, 

To OU TVI'E. V. a. [out and vie.] To ex- 
ceed ; to furpafs. Addijon. 
To OUT-VI'LLAIN. v. a. [out ^^^ii 'villain.] 

To exceed in villainy. Shakejpeare, 

To OUTVOrCE. v. a. [cut and -voice.] Ta 

out- roar ; to exceed in ciam.our. Sbokejp, 
To OUTVO'TE. V. a. [out and vote.] To 

conquer by plurality of fufFrages. South; 
To OUTWATK v. a. [out and nualk.] T^ 

le^ve one in walking. 
OUTWA'LL. /. [out and lualL] 

1. Outward part cf a building. 

2. Superficial appearance. Shakejpeare, 
OU'TWARD. a. [\izpz3\\i), Saxon.] 

T. External ; oppofed to inward. Shakejp. 
a. Extrinfick j adventitious. Dryder^. 

3. Foreign, not inteftihe. Jiayivard, 
^. Tending to the out-parts. Dryden, 
5. [In thelogy.J Carnal j corporeal j not 
fpiritual. Duppa, 

OUTWARD./. External form. Sbukejp, 

1. To foreign parts: as, a ihip outivard 

2. To the ou'er parts. 
OUTWARDLY, ad. [hnm outtvard.] 

I. Externally J oppcfed to inwardly. 


.2. In appearance ; not fincerely. Spratt^ 
OUTWARDS, ad. Towards the cut parts 

ToOUTWE'AR. v.a, [cut and wear.] To 

pals te<1i'^uny. Fope. 

To OUT WEED. v.a. [out zni tvced.] To 

extirpate as a weed. Spenjen 

To OUTWEI'GH. V. a. [cut it\dtvtigb.] 

1. To exceed in gravity. H'tlkins, 

2. To preponderate j to excel in value or 
influence. Drydtm 

To OUTWE'LL, v. a, [out anxl 'well. J T» 
pour out. Sptnjtr, 

To OUTWIT, v.a. [cut tr.d'u.'it. ] To 
dieat; to overccm- by ftrat*gcir, UE&rd^ 


Otr'TWORK. /. [out akd ivotk ] The parts 
of a fortification next the enemy. Bacon., 

OUTWO'RN. par(. [from out wear.] Con- 
fumed or deftroycd by ufe. Milton. 

To OUTWRE'ST. v. a. [out and -wreft.'] 
To extort by violence. Spetjfer. 

OUTWRQU'GHT. part, [out and 'wrought.'\ 
Gut-done j exceeded in efficacy. 

Ben. yobnfon. 

To OUTWO'RTH. v. a. [oar and warr£>.] 
To excel in value. Sbakejpeare. 

To OWE. 1/.-?, [f^ fl^, Idandick.] 

J. To be obliged to pay j to be indebted. 

a. To be obliged to afcribe j to be obliged 
for, Milton. 

3. To have from any thing as the confe- 
quence of a caufe. Pope, 

4. To poffefs J to be tke right owner of. 


5. Confequential. Atterhury. 

6. Due as a debt» Locke. 

7. Imputable to, as an agent. Locke. 
OWL, ?/. [ule, Sa>wn.], A bird that 

©'WLET. 5 ^'" 2^°"^ ^^ '"^ "'8^^ ^"*^ 
catches mice. Pope, 

O'WLER. /. One who carries contraband 
goods. Sivift, 

OWN. /. [ajei^, Saxon.] 

I. This is a word of no other ufe than as 
3t is added to ihe poireiTive pronouns, roy, 

. thyi his, our, your, their. Dryden. 

a. It is added generally by way of emphafis 
or corroboration. Dryden, 

3. Sometimes it is added to note oppofition 
or contradiftinftton j domefiick j not fo- 
leign } mine, his, or yours j not another's. 

To OWN. v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To acknowledge J to avow for one's 

own. Dryden. 

a. To poffefs j to claim j to hold by right. 


3. To avow. Dryden. 

4, To confefs ; not to deny. Jiliotfon, 
OWNERSHIP. /. [from c^ivner,] Property} 

rightful pufleffion. ' 4)''#' 

o z m 

O'WNER, /. [from own.]^ One to whom 
any thing belongs. Shaksjpeqre, 

OWRE. /. [urusjubatus, Latin.] A beaft. 

OX. /. plur. Oxen, [oxa, S^xon j oxe^ 

1. The general name for black cattle. 


2. A caftraled bull. Graunt, 
OXBA'NE. /. A plant. Ainfivortb, 
O'XEYE, /, [bupfhalmusj] A plant. Miller, 
OXG'ANG of Land. f. Twenty acres. 


OXHE'AL. /. A plant. Ainfivortb, 

O'XFLY. /. [ox and/;'.] A fiy of a parti- 
cular kind. 

OXLI'P. /. The fame with coivjlip j a vernal 
flower. Sbakefpejre^ 

OXSTA'LL. /. [oxandy?fl//.J A ftand for 

O'XTONGUE. /, A plant. Jinjivorth. 

O'XICRATE. /. [o^J;<ja7ov.] A mixture of 
water and vinegar, VVijunan, 

O'XYMEL. /. [}ivixiU.'\ A mixture of 
vinegar and honey, Arbuihnot, 

OXYMORON. /. [o?i.Y>tc<;poy.] A rhetorical 
figure, in which an epithet of a quite con- 
trary fignificatipn is added to any word. 

OXY'RRHODINE. /. [o^yppoS^ivc?] A mix- 
ture of two parts of oil of roles with one 
of vinegar of rofes. Floyer, 

O'YER. /. [oyer, old French.] A court of 
oyer and terminer, is a judicature where 
caufes are heard and determmed, 

OYE'S. /. [oycz, bear ye, French.] Is the 
introdudion to any proclamation or ad- 
vertifcment given by the publick criers. 
It is thrice repeated, 
O'i^STER. /. [oepr, Dutch.; buitre,Tr.} 
A bivalve teftace«us fiih. Sbakejpeare, 

O'YSTERWENCH. 7 /. [oyffer and ivencb, 
O'YSTERWOM AN. 5 or zuoman.] A wo- 
man whofe bufincfs is to fell oyflers. 

Sb^ fpeare, 

OZ^'NA. /. f S^ajya.] An ulcer in the in- 

fide of the noftnls thit gives an ill ftench„. 




h alabial confonant, formed by a fight 
compreilion of the anterior pait of the z^y puli, pelt. It is confounded 
by the Germans and Welfli with b. 

P A B 

PA'BULAR. a. f pabulum, Latin.] AfFor*. 

ing aliment or provender. 
PABULATION. /. pabulum, L.tin.] The 

adt of feeding or procuring provender. 



PA'BULOUS. a. [pahulun:, Latin.] A'.i- 
mcnta] J atfordmg aiirrent. BrtriLri. 

PACE, /'. [pat, French.] 

J. Step J firjgle movenient in walkine, 

a. G^it; manner of walk. Sidn-y. 

3. Degree cf celer.ty. Sbake^eare. 

4. Step; gradation of bufincfs. lenp'.e, 

5. A meafure oj five feet. Hodcr. 

6. A partic'.ilar movement which horfes 
are taught, though f)rre have it naturally, 
made by lifting the Jegs on the f^me fide 
tcgetNer 5 an-.ble. Uudibrai, 

To PACE. 1/. n. [from the noun.] 

I. To move on Sperfer. 

a. To move, Sbakr p are, 

3. [ufcd of horfes.] To move by raifing 
the legs on the lame fide tegether. 

To PACE. -v. a. 

1. To meafure by fieps, Slak fp'af-e. 

2. To direft to go. Sbak-ipeare. 
PA'CED. a. [iiom pacc,'\ Having a particu- 
lar gait. Dry den. 

PA'CER. /. [from pace.'\ He that paces. 
PACIFICA'TION. /. [/.^t;/.tfr/o;7, French.] 
. I. The £61 of making peace. South. 

a. The i€t of appeafmg or pacifying. 

PACIFICA'TOR. /. Ipacijicattur, French, 

from pacify. '\ Peace-maker. Bacor.. 

PA'CIFiCATORY. a. [from pacificator.] 

Tending to make peace. 
PaCITICK. a. [paciji^iifj Fr. facijicui, 

Lat.J Peace making 3 mild j gentle; ap- 

pesfing. Hammond. 

PACI FiER. /. [from pacify. "] One who 

To PA'CiFY. V. a. [ pacifier, Fr. fcifio, 

Lat.J To appeafe ; ta ftill refcntment ; 

to quiet an angry perfon, Bac:n, 

PACK. /. [pick, Dutch.] 

I, A large bundle cf any thing tied up for 

carriage. Qea-ve/and, 

a, A burden; a load. L^Ejirarge. 

3. A due number of cards. jiidijon. 

4. A number of hounds hunting together. 

Dry den, 

5. A number of people confederated in 
any bad defign or prattjce. Clarendon. 
6 Any great number, as to quantity and 

To PACK, -v. a. \padin, Dutch.] 

I. To bind up for carriage, Otivay. 

a. To fend in a hurry. Shah peare. 

3. To fort the cards fo as that the game 
ihall be iniquitoully iecurcd. iihakelp;are. 

4. To unite picked perfonsin fome bad de- 
fign. Hudibra:, 

To PACK, -u, V. 

I. To tie up gnodj, Ckavelar.d. 

a. To g« off in a hurry; to remove in 

bafte, ' ' Tw^^r. 


3. To concert bad meafurcs ; to confede- 
rate in ill. Carivp. 

PA'CKCLOATH. /. \pack'>nA chatb.] A 
cloath in wh ch g>;oos arc tied up. 

PACKER. /. [from pack] who binds 
up bales for carriage, 

PA'CKET. /. IpJcquet, French.] A fmall 
pick ; a mail of letters. Detiham, 

To PACKET. V. a. [from the noun.] To 
bind i;p in parcels. Szujfc. 

PA'CKHORSE. /. [park and borfe.] A 
horfc ot burden j a Doife employed in car- 
rying goods. Locke, 

PA'CKSADDLE, /. [pick and faddU.] A 
faddle *n which burdens are laid. Hi-wel, 

PA'CKTHREAD. /. [ p^ck 2.nd thread. ] 
Strong thread uled in tying up parcels. 


PA'CKWAX. /. The aponeurofes on the 
fides of the neck. Ray, 

PACT. /. [pa^i, Fr, paHum, Latin.] A 
contrart j a bargain ; a covenant. Bscon, 

PA'CTION. /. [pjaior., Yx.pj6ih,Utm.\ 
A bargain ; a covenant. Hayivard, 

PACTI TIOUS. /. [paaio, Lat.] Settled by 

PAD. /. [from pas'?), Sax.] 

I. The road j a foot path. Prior, 

a. An eafy paced horfe. Dryden. 

3. A robber that infefts the roads en foot. 

4. A low foft faddle. Hudibras, 
To PAD. V. n, [from the noun.] 

1. To travel gently, 

2. To rob on foot. 

3. To beat a way fmooth an4 leveL 
P.VPAR. /. Grouts J coarfe flour. 

PA'DDER. /. [Uom pad.] A robber j a 

foot highwayman. Dryden, 

To PA'DDLE. -v. n. [patouiller, Fr.] 

X. To row J to beat water as with oaps. 


a. To play in the water. Collier. 

3. To finger. Sbakefpeare. 

PA'DDLE. /. [pattal, Welfh.] 

J. Aa oar, particularly that which is ufed 

by a fingle rower in a boat. 

2. Any thing broad like the end of an oar, 


PA'DDLER. /. [from paddle.] One who 

paddles. ^irfivorth. 

PA'DDOCK. /. [pib3, Saxon ;/.3JJf, Dut.J 

A gren frog or toad. 'Dryden. 

PA'DDOCK. /. [corrupted from parrack.'] 

A fmall mdofure for deer, 
PADELI'DN. /. [pas de lion, Fr. pei leonit. 

Lit.] An herb. Ainhvortb. 

PA'DLOCK. /. [padde, Dutch.] A lock 

hung on a itaple to hold cj\ a link. 

To PA'DLOCK. V. a. [from the ooun.] 

To frtf>?r* ••"•ith a padlock. Arbuttnot. 

P A I 

PA'DOWPIPE. /. An herb. Ainj-zvorth. 
P^^'AN. /. A fbng of triumph. Ptft. 

Pagan./, (.najampc, ^S^xcnj p:igar>u<y 

Latin] A Heathen J ortt not a Chriftian, 
PA'GAN. a. Heathenifli. Skak^fpeare. 

PA'GANJSM. /. [pagumfme, Fr.from/>^- 

^J«.] Heathenilm, Hooker. 

Page. /. \page, French.] 

1. One fide of the ieaf of a book. 


2. \pctge^ Fr.] A young boy attending 
on a great perfon. Dovne, 

To PAGE, t', a. [from the noun.] 

1. To mark the pages of a book. 

2. To attend as a page, Sijkefpeare. 

a. A ftatue in a fhow. 
2. Any fhow j a fptftacle of entertain- 
ment. Shake fpeare, 

PA'GEANT. a. Showy j pompous j often - 
tatious. Drydin. 

To PA'GEANT.. -v. a. [from the noun.] 
To exhibit in fliows j to repf efent. 


PA'GEANTRY. / {^rompage.^f^t.] Pomp f 
fhow. Gonjernment of theTortgue. 

PA'GINAL. /. [pagina, Latin.] ConVift- 
ing of pages. Brown. 

PA'GOD. /. [probably an Indian word] 

1. An Indi-an idol. StillingJUct, 

2. The temple of the idol. Pope. 
PAID. a. the preterite anti participle pafiive 

of pay, Dryden, 

PAl^GLES. /. Flowers j alfo called cowilips. 

PAIL./, {pails, Spanifli.] A wooden vef- 
fel in which milk or waier is commonly 
carried. Dryden, 

PAl'LFUL. /. Ipsil zni full] The quan- 
tity that a pail will hold. Sbahefpeare. 

PAILMA'IL. /. Violent j boifterous. Digby. 

PAIN. /, [peine, Fi.] 

1. Puni&ment denounced, Sidney. 

2. Penalty j punifhment. Bacon. 

3. Senfation of unsafmcfs. Bacon. 

4. [In the plural.] Labour 5 work j toil. 


5. Labour ; talk. Spenfer. 

6. Uneafinefs of mind. Prior. 

7. The throws of child-birth. i Sam. 
To PAIN, f . a. [from the noun,] 

1. To afRi6t J to torment j to make un- 
eafy, . 'Jeremiah, 

2. [With the reciprocal pronoun.] To 
labour. Spenjer. 

PATNFUL. a. [pain and full.] 

1. Full of pain J milefable j befet with 
affliftj.on. Mi/ton. 

2. Giving pain; afPJflive. Addijon. 

3. Difficult i requiring labour. 

^. Inciuftrious j laborious, Dryi^n, 

F A L 

PAINFU'LLY. ad. [from painfuLI 
I. With great pain or affl;£tion. 
1. Laborioufly j diligently. RaleiigBi 

PAINFU'LNESS. / [irom fai«ful.] 

1. Affliction J forrow ; grief. South. 

2. Induflry j laboriournefs. Hooker: 
PAI'NIM. /. I payen, Ftcach. ] Pagan; 

infidel. Peacbam. 

PAI'NIM. a. Pagan ; infidel. Milion. 

PAI'NLESS. a. [ from pain. ] Without 
pain»; without trouble. Dryden. 

PAINSTA'KER. /. [p'>ins and take.] La- 
bourer ; laborious petfun. Gay, 

PAINSTAKING.^, [paim zni take.] La- 
borious J induftrious. 

ToPAlNT. nj.a. [p.indre, Fr.] 

1. To reprelent by aelineation and colours; 


a. To cover with colours reprefentative of 

fomething. Sbakejpcare. 

3. To reprefent by colours, appearances,- 
or images. Locke, 

4. To defcribe ; to reprefent. Sbahefpeare. 

5. To colour j to diverfify. Spenjer. 

6. To deck with artificial colours. 

To PAINT. T. n. To lay colours on the 

face. Fopei 

PAINT. / [from the verb.] 

I. Colours repiefentative of any thing. 


1. Colours laid on the face. Anorti 

PAI'NTER^ / [ from pamt. ] One whtf 

profeOes the art of rcprelencing objects 

by colojr.'. Dryden, 

PAINTING./, [from paint. ]^ 

1. The aft of reprefenting oojefls by de- 
li.ieation and colours. Dryden, 
2; Piflure j the painted refembbnce. 


3. Colours laid on, Sbakefpcare, 

PAI'NTURE. /. [peinture, French.] The 

art of painting. Dryden, 

PAIR. /. [paire, Fr. far, Lat.] 

X. Two things fuiting one another, as a 

pair of gloves. 

2. A man and wife. Mi'ton. 

3. Two of a fort j a couple } a brace. 

To PAIR, f- n. [from the noun.] 

1. To be joined m pairs; to couple, Shak. 

2. To fuit ; to fit as a counterpart. Sbak, 
To PAIR. t'. a. 

i. To join in couples. Dryden, 

2. To unite as currefpondent or oppo/ite. 


PA'LACE. f [palais,Fr.] Aroyalhoufe; 
an houfe eminently i'plendid. Sbakefpearc^ 

PALA'CIOUS. a. [iwm palace.] Royal | 
noble ; magnificent. Gmun}, 

PALA'NQUJN. /. Is a kind of covered car- 
riage, uled in the eailern countries, that ist 
fttppwtcd on the riiouldoci of fla^«;s. 


p A r. 

PALATABLE, a. [i,o<r\ ptiate ] Guft- 
fui ; plealirg to the lafte. rbilipt, 

PALATE. /. [pahrum, Laf.] 

1. The inftrumciu ot tarte. fhkeivil/. 

2. Mental teli/h j incelledual taAe. 

J^A'LATICK. a. [from pafate.] Belonging 
to the palate, or roof of the mouth. 


PA'LATINE. /. [pahfin, Fr. from pjl.iti- 

nus -ji pj/atium, Lat.] One invclleO with 

regil r ghts and prerf>gitives. Dj%>its. 

PA'LATlNIi. a. Foireliing r.ya! privileges. 

PALE. a. [pale, Fr. palUdus, Lu.] 

1. Not ruddy j not frefli of colour ^ wan j 
white of look. Hbak-fptare. 

2. Not high coloured j approaching to 
tranCparency. Arbutbnot, 

3. Not bright 5 not fhining ; faint of luflrc} 
oiiK. Sbakejpeare, 

To PALE. V. a. [from the adjcftivej To 
m-'ke pale. Prior, 

PALE. /. [p^Ius, Latin.] 

J. Narrow piece of wood joined above and 
below to a rail, to indofe grounds. 


2. Any indofure. Hcoker. Mi/ton. 

3. Any diftri(fl or territory, ChrenJon, 

4. The pa'e is the third and middle part 
cf the fcutcheon. Pcacbam^ 

To PALE. V, a, [from the noun,] 

1. To indofe with pales. Mcrtimer. 

2. To indofe ; to encompafs. iibakeip-are, 
PA'LEEYED. a. [pau unAeye.] Havng 

eyes dimmed. Po[e. 

PALEF.VC£D. a. [pale zna fute.] Hi'v- 

i ig the face wan. Shak-Jpea'c, 

PA'LELY, dd, [Uom pak.] V/anly j nut 

fre/hly ; not riiddily. 
PA'LENESS. /. [from pale,] 

1. Wannefs J want of colour j want of 
freflinefr. Ppe. 

2, Want of colour J wantofluftre. 

PA'LENDAR. /. A kind of coaftmg veflcl. 


PA'LEOUS. /. [pahay Latin.] Plu/ky j 
chaPi'y. B'ozvn, 

PA'LETTE. / [pakttf, French.] A light 
boair. on Vvt;ich a painter holds his colours 
when he paints. T:ck(U. 

PA'LFREV. /. [palejroy, Fr, ] A fn.Ul 
horfe fit for laoics. Dryden. 

PA'LFRLYtD. a, [from fa'frey ] Kiding 
on a palfrev. Tichdl, 

PALIFlCA'hON. /. [,W:/j, Latin.] The 
adf or pradtice of making ground firm with 
piles. Jl'otton. 

I^A'LINDROME. /. [ Tra'A.v and ^fofx'iu. J 
A word or fentencs which is the fjaier^ad 
back'A'ard or forwards: as, madam-^ or 
ibis ft.aCencej SuLi dura a rud:i>iu 


PA'LINODE. 7 /-. [ Q-aXr.M^'a. ] Are, 
PA'LINODY. X "cantation. Sandyi. 

PALISA'DE. f f. [palifade, Fr.] Pales 
PALiSA'DO. J fct by way of ind.jfure of 

defence. .** Broome. 

To PALISA'DE. V. a. [from the noun.J 

to inclufe with palifad»s. 
PA'LISH. a. [from pah.Ji Somewhat pale. 
PALL. /. [palHum, Latin.] 

1. A cloak or mantle of itate. Milton, 

2. The mantle of a,T archbifhop. Aybffc, 

3. The covering thrown over the dead. 

To PALL. 'V. a. [from the naufl.] To 
cloak ; to invert. Sbakejpeare. 

To PALL, n;, n^. To grow vapid j to be- 
come inlipid. Addijon, 
To PALL. V. a. 

1. To make infipid or vapid. AiUrbury, 

2. To impair fpntelinefs j to difpirit. 


3. To weaken J to impair. Shake pearc.. 

4. To clov,% Tatkr, 
PA'LLET. /. [from paiUe, ftraw.j 

1. A fmall bed ; a mean bed. Wciton, 

2. [pd.tte, French.] A (mall meafure, 
formerly ufed by chiiurgeons, Hakeivill, 

PALLMA'LL. /. [fila and maUeus, Lat. 

pa'e male, French.] A play in which the 

ball is ftruck wiih a mallet through aa 

iron ring. 
PAXLIAMENT./. [paliufn, Lat.] A drefs; 

a robe. Sbakejpeare. 

PA LLIARDISE. /. [paiihrdife, Fr.] Foi- 

nication j whoring. Obfolete. 
To PA'LLLATE. v a. [piU.o, Lat.] 

J. To cover with excule, Snvife. 

2. To extenuate j to foften by favourable 
reprefentation?:. Dryden, 

3. To cure imperfe£lly or temporarily, 
not radicailv, 

PALLIATION, /. [palliatior, Fr.] 

1. Extenuation ; allcviition ; favourable 
reprefentatjon. ^'^g Cbarles, 

2. Imperfcft or temporary, not radical 
cure. Bacor, 

PA'LLIATIVE. a. [p alli at if, ? r. itom pal- 
bate. ] 

1. Extenuating; favourably reprefentative. 

2. M tigaring, not reniovr g j not radi- 
cally curative. Arbutlnct, 

PA'LLLATIVE. /. [from palliate.'] Some- 
thing rfiiligating. Swift. 

PALLID, a, [/>j/W;/J, Latin.] Pale j not 
h:gh coloured. Spcnjer. 

PALM./. [/>i/mtf, L3t.] 

|. A tree j of which the branches were 
worn in token of vi-tory. Thsie are twen- 
ty-one fpecies of this tree, of which the 
n ofl remaikable arr, the greater /o//.': or 
dits-trec. The fi^-ufpuba grows m Spain, 


Portugal, and Italy, from whence the 
leaves are fent hither and made into flag- 

2. Victory ; triumph, Drydeti. 

3. The inner part of the hand, [pjima, 
Lat.J Bicon. 

4. Ameafure of length, comprifmg three 
inches. Denham. 

To PALM. V, a, [from the noun.] 

I. To conceal in the palm of the hand, 
as jugglers. Prior. 

' 2. To impofe by fraud. Drydeti, 

3. To handle. Prior. 

4. Tf ftroak with the hand. Airftvortb, 
PA'LMER. /. [fiom palm.] A pjlgtim : 

they who returned from the Holy Land 
carried palm. Pope, 

PA'LMER. /. A crown encircling a deer's 

PA'LMER WORM. /, [palmer and ivorm,] 
A worm covered with hair, luppoied to 
be fo called becaufe he wanders over all 
plants. Boyle, 

PALMETTO. /. A fpecies of the palm- 
tree: in tne Weft-Indies with the leaves 
the inhabitants thatch their houfes. 


PALMITEP-OUS. a. [palma and fero, 
Lat.] Bearing palms. DiB. 

PA'LMIPEDE. a. [palma and /.fi, Latin.] 
Webfooted. Brmvn. 

PA'LMISTER. /. [from palma.] One who 
deals in palmiflry. 

PA'LMISTRY. /. { ^alma, Latin.] The 
cheat of foreteUing fortune by the lines of 
the palm. Chdvs'und, 

PA'LMY. a, \Jxompalm.] Bearing palms. 

Dry den, 

PALPABI'LITY. /. [from palpabh,] Qvia- 
lity of being perceivable to the touch. 

Mart. Scribl, 

PA'LPABLE. /. [palpable, Fr.] 

1. Perceptible by the touch, Miltcn. 

2. Grofs'; coarfe.j eafily detefted. Tillot. 

3. Plain ; eafily perceptible. Hooker. 
PALPABLENESS. /. [ from pahabU. ] 

Qjjality of being palpable j plainnefs j 

PA'LPABLV. ad. [irom palpable.] 

J. In fuch a manner as to be perceived by 

the touch. 

2. Grofsly ; plainly. Bacor. 

PALPA'l ION. /. [palpatio, p^lpor, Lat.] 

The act of fei;^ling. 
To PA'LPITATE. -u. a. [p.lpito, Laiin.] 

To beat as the heat t 5 to flutter, 
PALPlTA'TiON. /. [pal.i:auov, French,] 

Beating or panting j that alterat.on in the 

pulfe of the heart, which makes it felt. 

PA'LSGRAVE. /. {p^l'/gn^ff,^ German.] 

A count cr earl who has the ov6;fcei?!g of 

d paiate. 



PA'LSICAL. a. [ from paljy. ] Affliaed 
with a pjjfy ; paralytick. 

PA'LSIED. a.[iTompalJy.] Difcafed with 
a palfy. Decay of Piety,- 

PA'LSY. /. [paralyfis, Lat.] A privation 
of motion or fenfe of feeling, or both. 
Theie is a threefold divifion of z palfy \ 
the lirft is a privation of motion, fenfation 
remaining. Secondly, a privation of fen- 
fation, motion remaining. And lafliy, a 
privation of both together. Sluincy, 

ToPALTER. V. n. [hompaftron, Skinner.] 
To ihift ; to dodge, Slak-fpeare, 

To PALTER, -v. a. To fquander : as, he 
palters his fortune, 

PA'LTERER.-/. [from palter.] An un- 
liiicere dealer } a Ihifter. 

PALTRINESS. /. [fiom paltry.] The (late 
of being paltry. 

PA'LTRY. a. [poltron, French.] Sorry; 
worthjefs i deipicable ; contemptible j 
mean, J^dufor, 

PA'IY, a. [from pale.] Pale. Shakefpeare. 

PAM. /. [ probably from palm, vidory. ] 
The knave of clubs. Pope. 

Tj PA'MPER.. v. a. [pambcrare, Italian.] 
To glut i to fill with food j to faginate. 

PA'MPHLET. /. [par un filet, Yr.] A fmail 
book, properly a book fold unbound. Clar, 

To PA'MPHLET. v. k. [from the noun.] 
To write fmall books. Hozoel. 

PAMPHLETEE'R. /. [?TOva pamphlet.] A 
fcribbler of fmali books. Swift. 

To Pan. "v. a. An old word denoting to 
dofe or join together. 

Pan. f. [ponnc, Saxon,] 

T. A veflel broad and fhallow. Spenfer, 

2. Tke part of the lock of the gun that 
holds the powder. Boy/e. 

3. Any thing hollow: as, the brainpan. 
PANACE'A. /. [ panacea, Fr. 'S^Avdniia, J 

An univerfal medicine. 
PANACEA. /. An herb. 
PA'NCAKE. /. {pan and caie.] Thin 

pudding biked in the frying-pan. Mart, 
PANA'DO. /. [from /J^rn, bread.] Food 

mads by bulling bread in water. Wifeman. 
PANCRA' nCAL. a. ' [ ^rav and n^aVoq. ] 

Excelling in all the gymnaftick exercifes, 


PA'NCREAS. /. [Tray and xplac] The /»««- 

creai or Iweet- bread, is a gland of the 

conglomerate fort, fituated between the 

bottom of the ftomach and the vertebras of 

the loin?. It weighs commonly four or 

five ounces. 
PANCREAMICK. a, [ itom pancreas, ] 

Contained in the pancreas. Ray. 

PA'NCY. 7 /. [irom panacea,] A flower 5 
PA'NSY. 5 ^ '■^'"'^ °f violet. < Lock;. 
PA'NDECT. /. ^andiSicJ, Lar.] A trea- 


tife that comprehends the whole of any 
(cience. S'rvrft. 

PANDE'MICK. a. [TTCf and ^n/^oj.] In- 
cident to a whole people. Har-vey, 

PA NDER. f. [hovn Pandarus, the pimp in 
the iforyof Jm'.'uf and Crejfida.] A pimp ; 
a male bawd j a procurer. D^ydcn, 

ToPA'NDER. -v a. [frora the noun.J To 
pimp i to be fubfervient to luft or paifioB. 

PA'NDERLY. a*, [hom pander.} P.mping; 
pimplike. Shake pt are. 

PANDICULATION. /. [pardicu/avs, Lat.] 
The rc-.'^lelsne^s, ftretchisf, and uneafi- 
nefs that uAially accompany the cold fits 
of an intermitting fever, I^Ioyer, 

FANE. /. [paneau, Fr.] 

1. A fquare of glafs. Pope, 

2. A piece mixed in variegated works vvith 
other pieces. Donr.e. 

PANEGY'RICK. /. [pantiyrigue, Fr. tr«- 

fiV^Ji;-] An elogy j an encomiallirk p'cce. 


PANEGY'RTST. /. [from fanegyricki pa- 
ntgyrfie, Fr.j One that wiites praifc; 
encomiart. {^amdt:!^ 

PA'NEL. /. [pareau,?T.] 

I. A fquare, or piece of any matter infert- 
ed between other bodies. Addijon. 

a. A fcheduleor roll, containing the nemes 
of fuch jurors, as the fhcrjfp provides to 
pafs upon a trial. Cowel. 

PANG. /. [ bavg, Dutch, uneafy. ] Ex- 
treme pain } fuoden paroxyfm of torment. 
Den ham. 

To PANG. V. a. [from the noun.] To 
torment < ruelly. Shaktfpeare. 

PA'NICK. a. Violent without caufc. 


PA'NNADE. /. The curvet of a horfe. 


PA'NNEL. /, [pameel^ Dutch.] A^kind of 
ruft.rk (aodle. Hud.bras, 

PA'NNEL. /. The ftomach of a hawk. 


PA'NNrCLE.7 r « ..I «^ i> i, 

PA'NNICK. l^' ^ P'^"'- Peacham. 

P.ANNj'ER. /. [panier, French.] A bafket ^ 
a wicker vclTei, in which fruit, or othtr 
things, are csrried on a horfc. Addijon, 

PANOPLY. /. [7.-avo7r>.ia.] Complete ar- 
mour. MiltCV, 

To PANT. 1'. r. [patiteler^ old French.] 

1. 1 o palpitate ; to beat as the heart ui 
fudcen terror, or atter hard khjur. 


2. To have the bresft heaving, as for 
want of breath. Dfyder, 

3. To play with Intcrmlfllon. Pope. 

4. To long ; to wifh e;rnertly, Po^e. 
PANT, /, [from the verb.] Palpitation ; 

iuotion of the heart. Htjkefprare, 


PA'NTALOON./. [parrafon, Fr.] A man's 
garment anciently worn. Shakefteare. 

PANTESS. /. The difficulty of breathing 
in a hawk. u^infivortb. 

PANTFIE'ON. /. [7rav3£.ov.J A temple 
of all rhc god^. 

PA'NTHER, /. [Trav-S'^: pantbera,h^l.^ 
A fpottcd wild beaft j a lynx j a pard. 


PA'NTILE. / A gutter tile. 

PA'NTINGLY. ad. [from/»tf«//H^.] With 
palpitation. Sbakefpeare. 

PA'NTLER. /. [paretier^ French.] The 
officer jn a great family, who keeps the 
bread. Sbake/p,are. Hanmer. 

PA'NTOFLE. /. [fantoufie, Vvtnch.^ A 
fl'opc-. Peacbam. 

PANTOMIME./, [tt*; and ^r^o; 5 pen. 
tomime, Fr.] 

I. One who has the power of univerfal 
mimickry ; one who exprelFes his mean- 
ing by mute a£tion. Hudibras., 
z, A fcene j a tale exhibited only in gef- 
ture and dumb- /hew, Arhutbr.of. 

PA'NTON. /. A fhoe contrived to recover 
a narrow and hoof bound, heel, 

Farrier^t Diff. 

PA'NTRY. /. [paneterie, Fr. f>anarium, 
Lat. J The room in whkh provifions are 
r*4)0lited. IVotton. 

PAW f. [ ^j^, Italian J fappe, DaUh ; 
papilla, Latin. ] 

1. The nipple 3 the <iug fucked. Spcnfer, 

2. Food made torinfanjf, with fcread boil- 
ed in water, Donne. 

3. The pulp of fruit, 

PAPA. /. [ Tryrrvai. ] A fond name for 
father, ufed in many languages, Siuifc, 

PAPACY. /. [pjpautc, Fr. iiompapa, the 
popp.J Popedom j office and dignity of 
bi/hops of Rome. Baccn. 

PA'PAL. a. [papal, French.] Popi/h ; 
belonging to the popej annexed to the 
bifhoprxk of Ronne. Rahigb, 

PA'i^AW. /. A plant. 

PAPA'VEROUS. a. [papavereut^ixom pa- 
pa-very Lat.J Rtfembling poppicJ, 


PA'PER./, [papier, French ; papyrus ^ Lat.] 
1, Siibftance on which men write ^nd 
print ; made by macerating ine-i rags in 
water. Sbakcfpejre. 

2- Piece of paper. Locke, 

3. Single flieet printed, or written, 


PA'PER. <7. Any thing flight or th;n. 


To PATER. 1/. ^. [from the n'>ur.] To 
i-egifter. Scjkr-a-e, 

PA'PERMAKER. / [paper in^.muk,.^\ 
One who makes paper. 

PA'PERMILL. /. [paper and mill.] A mill 
4 ^ m 


In which rags are ground for paper, SBai» 
pAPE'SCENT. a. Containing pap ; inclin- 
able to pap. Arbuthnot, 
fAPVLlQ, f. [pr, papillon, Fr.] A but- 
terfly ; a moth of various colours. Rjy, 
PAPILIONA CEOUS. a. [ from papliOy 
Latin.] The flowers of feme plants are 
called papilionaceous by botanifts, which 
reprerent fomething of the figure of a but- 
terfly, with its wings difplayed : and here 
the petala, or flower leaves, are always of 
a diffbrm figure : they are four in number, 
but joined together at the extremities ; 
one of thefe is ufually larger than the 
reft, and is ere(£led in the middle of the 
PA'PILLARY. 7 a. {hom papilla. '\ Hav- 
PA'PILLOUS. 3 ing emulgecjt ve/Tels, or 
refembiances of paps. Derham, 
PAPI'ST. /. [papip, Fr. papijia, Latin.] 
One that adheres to the communion of the 
•pope and church of Rome. Clarendon. 
PAPl'STICAL. a. [from paplji.] Popifli j 
adherent to popery. fVbitgifte. 
, PAPI'STRY. /. [ from papift.l Popery ; the 
1 do^rine of the Romifli church. Whltgifte, 
PA'PPOUS. &. [pappofus, low Latin.] Hav- 
ing that foft light down, growing out of 
the feeds of fome plants, luch as thiftles. 

PA'PPy. a. [from pap.} Soft j fucculent j 
eafily divided. Burnet. 

TAR. J. [Latin.] State of equality j equi- 
valence J equal value. Locke. 
PARA'BLE. a, [parabilis, Latin.] Eafily 
procured. Brown, 


PARACENTE'SIS. /. [7r«^-flKHv7«^,f.] That 
operation, whereby any of the venters are 
perforated to let out any matter j as tapp- 
ing in a t>mpany, 

PARACE'NTRICAL.? a. [7r«Pa and xlv- 

PARACE'NTRICK. $ ^gov. ] Deviating 
from circularity. Cbeyne^ 

PARA'DE. /. [parade, Fr.] 

I. Shew i oflcntation. Granville^ 

a. Military order. Milton, 

3. place where troops draw up to do duty 
and mount guard. 

4. Guard j pofture of defence. Lode, 
PA'RADIGM. /. [^a^ahiyiA.a.1 Exam- 

PARADISFACAL. a. [ from paradife. ] 

Suiting paradife J making paradife. 

PA'RADISE. /. [Traga^iJ^of.] 

I. The blifsfiil regions, in which the firft 

pair was placed. Milton. 

a. Any piace of felicity. Sbakefpeare, 

PA'RADOX. /. [paradcice, Fr. Tra^aio^oq.^ 

A tenet contrary to received opinion j an 

aflertion contrary to appearance. i^pratt^ 
PARADO'XICAL. a. [iiom paradox.] 

1, Having the nature of a paradox. 


2, Inclined to new tenets, or notions con- 
trary to received opinions 

PARADO'XICALLY. ad. {horn paradox.] 
In a paradoxical manner. Collier ^ 

PARADOXrCALNESS. /. [ixom paradox.] 
State of being paradoxical. 

PARADOXO'LOG Y, /. [ from paradox. ] 
The ufe of paradoxes. Broivn^ 

PA'I^ABLE. /. [-JTflfaCoXM.] A fimilitude; a PARAGO'GE. /. [TTct^ayMyn.] A figure 

relation under which fomething elfe is fi- 
gured. Numbers. 
FJfR/iBOLA. /. [Latin.] The parabola 
is a conick fetlion, aiifing from a cone's 
being cut by a plane parallel to one of its 
fideSj or parallel to a plane that touches one 
fide of the cone. Bentle)\ 
PARABO'LICAL. 7 a. [paraboli^ue, Fr. 
I'ARABO'LICK. 5 from parable.] 

J. Exprelfed by parable or fimilitude. B'-o. 
2. Having the nature or form of a para- 
bola. Ray. 
PA'RABOLICALLY. ad, [from parabolic 
1. By way of parable or fimilitude. 

1, In the form of a parabola. 
jP ARA'iSOLlSM. /. In algebra, the divifion 
of the terms of an equation, by a known 
quantity that is involved or multiplied in 
thefi^ft term.' DiB. 

J^ARA'BOLOip. /. [ Traga^oXii and LJ©-.] 
A paraboliform curve in geometry, whefe 
ordinates are fuppofed to be in fubtripli- 
eate, fubquadruplicate^ &c, ratio of their 
jrefpeftive abfciffx, ' " flarris. 

wheieby a letter or fyllable is added at the 
end of a word. 
PA'RAGON. /. [ paragon f from parage, 
equality, old French.] 

1. A model J a pattern J fonnething fu- 
premely excellent. Shakefpeare^ 

2. Companion j fellow. Spenfer, 
To PA'RAGON. V, a. [paragonner, Fr,] 

1. To compare. Sidney, 

2. To equal. Sbakefpeare, 
PA'RAGRAPH. /. [paragrapbe, Fr. Traga- 

j/^acf)>]\] A diliinft pan of a difcourfe. 


PARAGRA'PHICALLY. ad. [from para- 
graph.] By paragraphs. 

PARALLA'CTICAL. 7 a, [from paral- 

PARALLA'CTiCK. 5 lax.] Pertaining 
to a paralbx. 

PA'RALLAX. /. [7raga>Xa^<j.] The dif- 
tance between the true and apparent place 
of any ftar viewed from the earth. Milton, 

PA'RALLEL. a. [TragaXX^iXor.] 

I. Extended in the fame dire(flion, and 
preferving always the fame diflancc. 


a. Haying the faipe fendency, Addtfon, 
^. Con? 


3. Continuing the referablance through 
many j equal. JVatti, 

PA'RALLEL. /. [fr< m the adjeaive.] 
1. Lines containing their courk-, and flill 
remaining at the lame diftancc from each 
other. Pcfi!. 

St. Lines on the globe marking the lati- 

3. Direction corjformable to that of ano- 
ther line. Gartk. 

4. Refemblance ; conformity continued 
through many particulars. Denbam. 

5. Comparifon made. Addifon, 

6. Any thing refembling another. South. 
To PA'RALLEL. v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To place, (0 as always to keep the fame 
direftion with another Ime. Brown, 

2. To keep in the fame direflion j to le- 
vel. Shakefpcarc. 

3. To correfpond to. Burnet. 

4. To be equal to j to refcmble through 
many particulars. Dr\dcn. 
«;. To compare. Locke. 

PARALLELISM./, [paralldijmey French.] 
State rf being parallel. Ray. 

PARALLE'LOGRAM. /. [7r«gaAX»)Xo; and 
y^ofxua. J In geometry, a right lined 
quadrilateral figure, whofe oppofite fides 
are parallel and equal. Harris. Broivn, 

PARALLELOGRA'MICAL. a. [from p-tr- 
alU'ogram,'^ Having the propeities of a 

PARALLELO'PIPED. f, A folid figure 
contained under fix parallelograms, the 
oppofites of which are equal and parallel ; 
or it is a prifm, whofe bafe is a paralle- 
logram : It is always triple to a pyramid 
of the fame bafe and height. Neivton. 

PA'RALOGISM, /. [ 7ra§aX5>t<r/^o,-. ] A 
fdlfe argument. Arbuthnot. 

PA'RALOGY. /. FaJfe reafoning. 


PA'RALTSIS. ['TTctrjT,v(n<: ] A palfy. 

PARALY'TICAL. \ a. [ from paralyjis \ 

PARALYTICK. 5 paralytlqut, E:.]VfU 
ficd ; inclined to palfy. Prior, 

PARAMO'UNT. a. [per and woa«r.] 
I. Superiourj havmg the highcft jorif- 
di(ftion ; as lord paramount ^ the chief of 
the fcigniory. Glan-ville. 

t. Eminent; of the higheft order. Bacon. 

PA'RAMOUNT. /. The chief. MiUcn. 

PA'R AMOUR, /. {pir and amour^ Fr.] 

1. A lover or woer, Spenfer. 

2. A miftrefs. Sbakefpeare, 
PA'RANVMPH. /. [TTx^a and vi^<}>^.] 

1. A brideman 5 one who leads the bride 
to her marriage. , Milton. 

a. One who countenances or fupports ano- 
ther. Taylr. 
PARA'PEGM. /. [vagaTnfy/Lia.] A brazen 
table fixed to a pUlar, on which laws and 
proclamations were anciently engravad : 


alfo a tafele, containing an account of 
the rifing and fcttingofths ft.nrs, ecl.pfes 
of the fun and moon, the feafons of the 
year, &r. Broivr^ 

PARAPET./, [parapet, Tr.^ A wall breait 
high. Ben. Jobnfon, 

PARAPHIMOSIS./ [tra,-«<?>.>»o-.;.] D.f- 
ealc when the prasputium cannot be drawa 
over the plans. 

PARAFHERNA'LIA. f. [Lat. parcpLer- 
rat/Xy Fr.] Goods in the wife's difpofai. 

PA'RAPHRASE. / [7raf;<>fa7,f.] A loofff 
interpretation j an explanation in many 
words. Dryderi 

To PA'RAPHRASE. -v. a. [7rtff«>;a{6u.] 
To interpret with laxity of exprcHio'n ^ to 
tranfiate loofely. dtil/irfjl'ct, 

PA'RAPHRAST. /. [wa^:i<p^:trr.c.] A lax 
interpreter j one who explains in many 
words. Hooker, 

PARaPHRA'STICAL.7 tf. [from para- 

PARAPHRA'STICK. J phrafe.] Lax m 
interpretation j not literal ; not verbal. 

PARAPHRENI'TIS./ [TTcga and t^Eu'r.,-.] 
Paraphrenitit is an inflammation of the 
diaphragm. Arbutbvot, 

PA'RASANG. / [ parafavga, low Latin. ] 
A Perfian meafure of length. Lode, 

PA'RASITE. /. [parafitey Fr. parofita, 
Lat.J One that frequents rich tables, 
and eirns his welcome by flattery. Bae, 

PARASl'TICAL.7 a. [from para/ite. J 

PARASl'TICK. i Flattering J wheedling. 

PA'RASOL. /. A fmall fort of canopy oc 
umbrello carried over the head. DtS, 

PARASYNA'XIS. / A conventicle. 

To PA'RBOIL. V. a. [patbouUkr, French. J 
To half boil. Bacon* 

To PARBREAK. v. n. Ibreckcr, Dutch.] 
To vomit. 

PA'RBREAK.. / [from the verb.] Vomir* 


PA'RCEL. f, [parcelle, French j panicula, 

1. A fmall bundle. 

2. A part of the whole taken feo.arately. 


3. A quantity or mafs. Neivtcrim 

4. A number of petfons, in contempt. 


5. Any number or quantity, in contempr, 

To PA'RCEL. v. tf.[from the noun.] 

I. To divide into portionr; South, 

1. To make up inro a mafs. Shakefpearn 
PARCE'NER. /. [In common law. J ^Whea 
one dies pofleiTed of an eftate, and having 
ififue only daughters, or his fillers be h • 
heirs; fo that the lands defcend to thofc 
daughters or fillers: t.hcfc are called ^iJ'-fr- 
mrt% Co^^tJ, 

4 S * PAR. 


PARCE'NERY. /. [fiom parfomer,Vr.-] 
A holding or occupying of land by joint 
tenants, otherwife calied coparceners. 

To PARCFJ. v. a. To butn flightly and fu- 
perficially. Sbakefpearct 

To PARCH. t>. n. To be fcorched. 


PA'RCHMENT. /. \parcbemin, French.} 

pe'gamenay Lit.) Skins dreffed for the 

writer. Bacon. 

FA'X<CHMENT. MAKER. /. [parcbrr.ent 

and maksr.'j He who dreflcs parchment. 

PARD. 7 y. [pardusypardaljs^ Lat.] 

PA'RDaLE. 5 The leopard j in poetry, 

any of the fpotted beafts. SJbakefpeare. 

To PA'RDON. v. a. [pardonmr, Fr.J 

1. To excufe an offender. Dryden. 

a. To forgive a crim«, 

3. To remit a penalty. Shakejpeare, 

4. Pardon me, is a word of civil denial, 
or flight apology. Sbakefpeare. 

PA'RDON. /. {pardon, Fr.} 
I. Forgivenefs of an offender. 
a. Forgivenefs of a crime j indulgence. 

3. Remiflioft of penalty. 

4. Forgivenefs received. South. 

5. Warrant of forgivenefs,^ or exemption 
trom puni/Jhment. Sbckefpeare. 

PARDONABLE, a. [pardonable, French.] 

Venial ; excufable. Dryden. 

PA'RDONABLENESS. /. [from pardona- 

bie,} Venialoefs 3 fufceptibiiity of pardon. 

PA'RDONABLY. ad. [from pardonable.^ 
Venially j excufably. Dryderi. 

PA'RDONER. /. [from pardon.) 

I. One who forgives another. Sbakefpearet 
1, Fellows that carried about the pope's 
indulgencies^ and fold them to luch as 
would buy them. Cowef. 

To PARE. V. a. To cut off extremities or 
thefurface j to cut away by little and lit- 
tle ; to diminish. Hooker. 
PAREGO^RICK. a. lira-^nyo^iMq-'l Having 
the power in medicine to comfort, molh- 
fy and affuage. DSl. 
PARE'NCHYMA. /. [icct^iyx^fAa.-] A 
fporgy or porous lubflance j a part through 
which the binod is ftrainfd. 
PARENCRY'MATOUS. 7 a. [from pa- 
PARENCHY'MOUS. J renchyma.] Re- 
lating to the parenchyma j fpongy, Greiv. 
PARE'NESIS. /. [TTA^xivicn;.} Perfuafion. 

PA'RENT; /. [par^m, Lat.] A father or 
mother. Hooker. 

PA'RENTAGE. /. [fromparerit.'] Extrac- 
tion i birth j condition withrefpeiH: to pa- 
rents, ^bakffpeare, 
PARE'NTAL. a. [from parent.] B^ccm- 
ing parents j pertaining to parents. 



PARENTA'TION. /.. [from parenfo, tat.]- 
Something done or faid in honour ut tbe 

PARE'NTHtSIS. /. [parertbefe^Tr. <;ra.d, 
tv and TiSy^^u j A (cntence fo included 
in another ftntencc, as that it may be 
taken out, without injuring the fenfe of 
that which inclofes ii :. being commonly 
marked thus, (). PFatts. 

PARENTHE'TICAL. a. [frcn. parentbt^ 

fn ] Pertaining to a parenthefi;. 
PA'RER. /, [from pare,\ An mftrument 
to cut away the furface, Tuffer, 

PA'RERGY. /. [ma^a. and l^j-cv.J Some- 
thing unimportant j fometh:ng done by 
<he by. Brcivn. 

PA'RGET. /. Plafter laid upon roofs of 
rooms. Woodivard* 

To PA'RGET. V. a. [from the noun.J To 
plafterj to cover with plafter. 

Go'uernmeni of tbe Tongue^ 
PA'RGETER. /. [from parget. 1 A plaf- 

PARHELION. /. [Tra^a and r.xioq.] A 
muck i'uu. Boyle. 

PARIETAL, a. [from ^arm, Lat.] Con. 
ftituring the fides or wails, Hbatp. 

PARI'ETARY. /. [ panetaire, Fr. pants, 
Lu.] An herb. Amjivortb, 

PA'RiNG. /. [from pare.-^ That which 
is pared off any thing j the rind. Pope, 
PARIS /. An herb. Ainjivortb^ 

PA'RLH. /. [parocbra, low Lat, p'arrcijfe. 
Ft, Tra-^oixta. j The particular charge 
of a fcrcuJar prieft. Our realm was firft di- 
vided into parifhes by Honorius, arch- 
bifliop of Cinterbury, in the year of our 
Lord 636. Sidney, Coivtl, 

PA'RISH. a. 

I. Belonging to the parifli j, having the 
care of the parifli. .^yW'' 

a. Maintained by the parifli. Cay, 

PARl'^jHIONER. /. [parroijfuny Fr. from 
pjrijh.] Qae that belongs 10 the parilh, 

PA'RITOR. /. [for apparitor.] A beadle j 
a fummoner of the courts of civil law, 

PA'RITY. /. Iparite, Fr. parifat, Latin. 2 
Equality ; reieroblance. HaiL 

PARK, /. [ pe?pjiuc. Sax. ] A piece of 
ground iiiclofed and ftored with wild beafts 
of ch.jfe, which a man may have by pre- 
fcriptinn or the k<ng's grant, Coivet^ 

To PARK. V. a. [from the noun,] To 
intJofe as in a park. Sbakep are. 

PARKER. /. [ffom park.] A park-keep- 
er. Ainjivortb.. 
PA'RKLEAVES. /. An herb. Ainf-wortb, 
PARLE. /, [from parkr, French,] Con- 
viivfarion J talk j oral treaty. Daniel. 
To PA'Ri-EY. V, n, [from parler, Fr. j 



To treat by word of mouth ; to talk ; to 
difcufs any thing orally. Broome- 

PA'RLEY. /. [from the verb.] Oral 
treaty j tnljc j conference j difcuflion by 
w.rd of mouth. Prtcr. 

PA'RLIAMENT. /. [ parliamerturn, low 
Lat.] The alfembly of the king and three 
e-ftates of the realm ; namely, the lords 
fpintual, the lords temporal, and com- 
mons J which aflembly or court is, of all 
others, the higheft, and of greateft autho- 
rity. Cotvel. 
PARLIAME'NTARy. a. [ from parlia- 
tKeat,] Enidled by parliament ; fuiting tke 
parliament J pertaining to parliament. 

PA'RLOUR. /. [parloir, Fr. parlatorio, 

J. A room in monafleries, where the re- 
ligious meet and converfr. 
a. A room, in houfes on the firft floor, 
elegantly forniflied for reception or enter- 
tainment, Sper.fer, 
PA'KLOUS. a. Keen J fprightly 5 wiggi/h. 

Dry den. 
PA'RLOUSNESS, /. [fromparlsM.] Quick- 

nefs ; keennefs of temper. 
PARMA-CITTY. /. Corruptedly for fper- 
ma ccti. ^infiuortb. 

PA'RNEL. /. [the diminutive of />arr&n«//<2. J 

A punk J a flut. Obfolete. 
PARO'CHIAL. a. \parocbiaUt, from par 0- 
cbia, low Lat.] Belonging to a panfh. 

PA'RODY. /. [parodie, Fr. Trapa;?;'*.] A 
kind of writing, in which the words of an 
authour or hi5 thoughts are taken, and by 
a flight change adapted to fome new pur- 
pose. Pope. 
To PARODY. V. a. [parodier, Fr. from 
parody.'^ To copy by way of parody. 


PAR0'NYM0U5. a. [ 7r*gop'vo^3^. ] Re- 

fembling another word. IVattt. 

PA'ROLE. /. f paro'.e, French. ] Word 

given as an afl"urance. CUaueland. 

PARONOMA'SU. /. [7raja;o^ct(r;a.] A 

rhetorical figure, in which, by the change 

of a letter or fyllable, fcveral things are 

alluded to. Di^. 

PA'ROQUET. /. [parroquet or perrcquet^ 

French. J A fmali fpecics of parrot. 


PARONY'CHIA. /. [ va^atrjx^x. ] A 

preternatural fwelling or fore under the 

root of the nail in one's finger \ a whitlow. 

PAROTID, a. [traj^t^.c.] Sahvaryjfo 

named becaufc near the ears. Greiv. 

PA'ROTIS. /. [tETaga^lf.] A tumour in 

the glandules behind and about the ears, 

generally called the emundtories of the 

Wain J though, indeer, they ate the ex- 


ternal fountains of the faliva of the mouth. 

PA'ROXY.SM. [^*.oei;^^Jj.] A fit i pe- 
riodical exacerbdijon of a dileife. lUrvev, 

PA RRICIDE. /. [parncida, Lat.J 

1. One who deltroys his father. 


2. One who deflroys or invades any to 
wh< m he owes particular reverence. 

3. The murder of a father j mordcr of 
one to whom reverence is due. 

PARRICl'DAL. 7 a. [from par ricida, 

PARRICJ'DIOUS. i litin.] Relaung 
to parricide j committing parricide, 

_ , Br(KVn, 

PA^RROT. /. [perrojuet, French.] A pa/- 
tjcoloured bird of the fpecies of the hook- 
ed bill, remarkable for the cxaft imitation 
of th? human voice, Dryden 

To PA'RRY. 'V. n. [parer^ French.] To- 
put by tbrufts } to fence. Locke, 

To PARSE, V. a, [frop part, Latin.] To 
refolve a fentence into the elements or parts 
o^^pwch. Aicbam. 

PARSIMO'NIOUS. a, lUompc^rfitnony. ] 
Covetous J frugal ; fparing. ylddifon. 

PARSIMONIOUSLY, ad. [(torn parjmo- 
nious.] Frugally J fparingly. .Jw//?. 

PARSIMO'NTOUSNESS. /, [from par/i. 
momoui.'^ A difpofuion to fpare ana fave, 

PARSIMONY. /. [parfimoniay Latin. ] 
Frugality J covctoufnefs j niggardlinefe. 

PA'RSLEY. /. [perJU, Welfl,.] A pT^t'. 
PA'RSNEP. /. IpaJUnaca, Latin.] A plant. 

PA'RSON. /. [parocbeanut ] 

1. The prieft of a pari/h j one that has a 
parochial charge or cure of fouls, 


2. A clergyman. Sbakefpeare. 

3. It is applied to the tcachprs of the 

PA'RbONAGE. /. [ from p^rfon. j The 
benefice of a parifh. Mdifon, 

PART./. r/'^rj,Lat.] 

I, Something Jefs than the whole ; a por- 
tion j a quantity taken from a larger quan- 
tity. KnolUs. 
z. Member. Locke. 

3. That which, in dlvlfion, falls to each. 


4. Share ; concern. Pcfe, 

5. Side J pajty. Daniel, 

6. Something relating or belonging. 


7. Particutar office or charaftcr. Bacon. 

8. Charafter appropriated in a play. 


9. Bufinefs J duty. B>icor., 
j«, A^ion 5 condu^. Sbakefptare. 

i;. Re- 


Jl. Relation reciprocal. Tillotfon. 

12. In good part j in ill part ; as well 
done ; as ill done. Hooker. 

13. [In the plural, j Qnalities j powers j 
faculcies. Sidney. 

14. [In the plural.] Quarters ; regions ; 
diliri(tts. Hidney. 

PART. ad. Partly j in feme meafure. 

To PART. V. a. 

I. To divide j to fliare 5 to diftiibute. 

a. Tofeparate; to difunite. Dryden. 

3. To break into pieces. Lcviticui. 

4. To keep afunder. Shakefpeare. 

5. To ieparate combatants, Sbahjpeare. 

6. To fecern. Prior, 
To PART. v. V. 

1. To be feparated. D-yden. 

2. To take farewel. Shakcjpcare. 

3. To have fhare. IJ'aiab* 

4. [Partir^ Ft.] To go away ; to fet out, 

5. To Part ^itb. To quit j to rtfign j 
tolofe. Taylor, 

PA'RTABLE-. a. [(rom part. ^ Divifible; 

fuch as may be parted. Camden, 

PA'RTAGE. /. [partage, Fr.] DiviGon ; 

a£t of fharing or parting. Locke. 

To PA'RTAKE. f . «. Preterite, / par- 

tcok: participle paffive, psrtaken, [ p^rt 
, zaAtake.'] 

J. To have fhare of any thing j to take 

Ihare with. Locke. 

2. To participate ; to have fomething of 
the property, nature, or right. Bacsr, 

3, To be admitted to j not to be excluded. 

■ 'Shakefpeare. 

4, Sometimes with in before the thing 
partaken of, Locke, 

5. To combine j to enter into fome de- 
fign. Hale. 

To PARTA'KE. v.a. 

1. To fliare ; to have part in. Milton, 

2. To admit to part j to extend partici- 
pation. Spenjer, 

PARTA'KER. /. [from partake.-] 
. I. A partner in pofleflions j a fharer of 
any thing j an affuciate with. 

Hooker. Shakefpeare*. 
a. Sometimes with in before the thing 
partaken. Shakefpeare. 

3. Accomplice ; afTocIate. Pfalms, 
PA'RTER./. [from part.] One that parts 

or feparates. Sidney. 

PA'RTERRE. /. [parterre y Fr.] A level 
divifion of ground. Miller. 

PA'RTIAL. a. [partial, Fr,] 

I. Inclined antecedently to favour one 
party in a caufe, or one fide of the queftioa 
more than the other. Mai, 

a. Inclined to favour without reafon. 



3. Affe6ling only onepart J fubfifting only 
in a part J not univeilai. Bwnet, 

PARTIALITY. /. {partialis/, Fr. from 
partial,] Unequal ftatc of the judgment 
and favour of one above the other. 


To PARTIALI'ZE. v,a. [partial, fer,^t. 
from partial.] To make partial. 


PA'RTIALLY. ad. [Uom partial.] 

1. With unjuft favour or diflike. 

2. In part i not toully, Regers, 
PARTIBI'LITY. /. [from partible^] Di- 

vifibility j feparability. 
PARTIBLE, a. [from part,] Divifible ; 

feparable. ^'g^y* 

PARTI'CIPABLE. a. [from participate.} 

Such as may be fliared or partaken. 
PARTI'CIPANT. a. [participant, Fr. 

from participate.] Sharing j having (hare 

or part. Bacon* 

To PARTI'CIPATE. v. n. [ participio, 


1. lo partake i to have fhare, 


2. With 0/. Hayivard, 

3. With /n. Minion, 

4. To have part of more things than one. 


5. To have part of fomething common 
with another. Bacon, 

To PARTI'CIPATE. v. a, To partake ; 

to receive part of j to Ihare. Hooker, 

PARTICIPA'TION. /. [participation, Tit, 

from participate.] 

1. The ftate of fharing fomething in com- 
mon. Hooker, 

2. The aft or ftate of partaking or hav- 
ing part of fomething. Stillingjieet, 

3. Diflribution J divifion into fhares, 

PARTICI'PIAL. a, [partidpia'is, Latin.] 

Having the nature ot a participle. 
PARTICI'PIALLY. ad, [from participle.] 

In the fenfe or manner of a participle. 
PA'RTICIPLE. /. [participiujny Lat.] 

1. A word partakmg at once the quali- 
ties of a noun and verb. Clarke, 

2, Any thing that participates of differ- 
ent things. , Bacon, 

PA'RTICLE. /. [particule, Fr. particu.'a, 

1. Any fmall portion of a greater fub* 

2. A word unvaried by inflexion. 

PARTI'GULAR. a, [particuHer, Fr.] 

1. Relating to fingle perfons j not general, 


2. Individual j one diAinft from others. 


3. Noting properties or things peculiar. 

4. At- 


4, Attentive to things fing'.c and dIAinff. 


5, Single; not general. Sidney, 

6, Odd 5 having fomething that eminently 
diftinguirties him from others. 


1. A finglc inftancc ; a finglc point. 


2. Individual ; private perfon. VEJir, 

3. Private intereft. Hooker. Shakefp. 

4. Private charaftcr J fingle fehf ; ftatc of 
anindivid-ja). Sbakefpeare. 

5. A minute detail of things fingly enu- 
merated. ^^'ffS' 

6. Diftin6l not general recital, Dryder, 
PARTICULARITY. /. [farticularite, Fr. 

from particular.'^ 

1. Diftinft notice or enumeratlen j not ge- 
neral aflertion. Sidney, 
a. Singlenefs ; individuality. Hooker, 

3. Petty account J private- incident. 


4. Something belonging to fingle perfons. 


5. Something peculiar. Addtfon, 
To PARTI'CULARIZE. v. a, [parttcula- 

rifer^ French.] To mention dittini^ly ; to 
detail ; to fhew minutely. yltterbury. 

PARTI'CULARLY. ad. [f torn particular] 
1, Diftinftly j fingly j not univerfally. 

a. In an cxt^raordinary degree, Dryden, 

To PARTICULATE, -v. a. [{lom parti cu. 
lar.] To make mention fingly. Camden, 

PA'RTISAN. /. [partijan, French.] 

J. A kind of pike or halberd. Skakefp, 
1, [ From ^arr;, French.] An adherent to 
a fiction. Addifon, 

3. The commander of a party. 

4. A commander's leading ftdff, Alnjiv, 
PARTI'TION. /. [partition^ Fr. paniiio, 


I. The aft of dividing j a ftate of being 
divided. Sbakefpeare, 

a. Divifion J feparationj diilindion. 


3. Part divided from the reft j feparate 
part. Milton, 

4. That by which different parts are fepa- 
rated. Rogers. 

5. Part where reparation is made. Dryden. 
To PARTI'TION. 1/. a. To divide into 

diftinft parts. B^'con. 

PA'RTLET. /. A name given to a htn ; 
the original Cgnification being a ruff or 
band. Hall, 

PA'RTLY. ad, [from part,] In fome mea- 
sure ; in feme degree. Addifon, 

PA'RTNER. /. [Uom part.] 

J, Partaker j iharer j one who has part in 
any thing. Milton, 

^. One who daqces with another. 



Td PA'RTNER. v. a. [from the noun-j 

To join j to aflbciatc with a partner. 

PA'RTNERSHIP. /, [from partner.] 

1. Joint intercft or property. Dryden. 

a* The union of two or more in the fame 

trade. VEjhange. 

PA'RTOOK. Preterite of /^r/j^<?. 
PA'RTRIDGE. /. [/..^r/m, Welfli.] A bird 

of game. i Samuel. 

PARTU'RIENT. a, ^parturient, Latin.^ 

About to bring forth. 
PARTURI'TION. /. [from parturio, La-t.] 

The ftate of being about t,o bring forth. 

PARTY. / [partie, French.] 

1. A number of perfons confederated by 
fimiiarity of defigns or opinions in oppofi- 
tion to others. Locke* 

2. One of two litigant?. Sbakefptare, 

3. One coricrrned in any affair, ^bakefp, 

4. Side J perfons engaged againft each other. 

5. Caufej fide, Dryden, 

6. A feleft affembly. Pope, 

7. Particular perlon j a perfon difiinft 
from, or oppofed to, another. Taylor, 

8. A detachment of foldiers. 
PARTY-COLOURED, a. [party znd co^ 

ioured.] Having diverfity of colours. Dryd, 
PARTY- JURY. /. [m law.] A jury in 

fome trials half foreigners and half natives, 
PA'RTY-MAN. /. [patty and man.] A 

factious perfon j an abettor of a party. 
PA'RTY- WALL. /. [party and tualt.] Wall 

that feparaies one houfe from the next. 

PARVIS, /. [French.] A church or church 

porrh, Bailey. 

PA'RVITUDE. /. [ from ^ari/ar, Latin. ] 

Littlenefs ; minutenefs. GlawiMe, 

PA'RVITY. /. [Uom parvus, Lat.] Littlc- 

nefs ; minutenefs. Ray, 

P/iS, f. [French.] Precedence 5 right of go- 
ing foremoft. Arbutbnot, 
PA'SCHAL. a, [pafcal, French,] 

1. Relating to the palfover. 

2. Relating to Eafter. 
PASH. /. [paz, Spanifh.] A klfs. Sbaiefp. 
To PASH. v. a, [perjfen, Dutch.] To 

flrike; to crufh. Dryden. 

PASQUE-FLOWER. /. [pulfatilla, Latin.] 

A plant. 
PA'SQUIL. 7 /• [ ''rom pafquino, a 

PA'SQUIN. J. ftatue at Rome, to 

PA'SQUINADE. ) which they affix any 
lampoon.] A lampoon. Hoivel, 

To PASS. V. n, [pojjer, French.] 

1. To go J to mave from one place to ano- 
ther J to be progrelTive. Sbai'fpeare. 
a. To go J to make way. Dryder, 
3. To make tranfition from one thing to 
a.^other. Temple. 

4. To 


^ To vaniHi ; to be loft, Dryden, 

5. To be fpent ; to go away. Locke. 

^. To be at an end; to be over. Dryden. 
7, To die ; to pafs from the prefent life to 
another ftate. Shakefpeare, 

S. To be changed by regular gradation. 

9, To go beyond bounds. Obfolete. 

JO, To be in any ftate* Ezekiel. 

J I. Tobeena£^ed. Clarendon. 

J2. To be effc£led ; to exift. Booker, 

13. To gain reception } to become current. 


14. To be praftifed artfully or fuccefsfully, 


35. To be regarded as good or ill. Atterb, 

36. Tooccur^ to be tranfaded. JVatti» 
11. To be done. Taylor, 

18. To heed ; to regard. Shakefpeare. 
29. To determine finally ; to judge capi- 
taJJy. Shakejpearei 
20. To be fupremely excellent. 

ai. To thruft j to make a pufli in fencing. 
' Sbakejpeare, 

32. To omit. Prior, 

a3. To go through the alimentary duft. 

9.\. To be in a tolerable ftate, V Eftrange^ 
a5. To Pass aiuay. To be loft j to glide 
off. Locke, 

26. To Pass aivay. To vanifli* 
To SJASS. V. a. 

I. Togo beycnJ. Hayward. 
a. To go through 3 as, the horfe paffed 
the river. 

3. To fpend ; to live through. Collier, 

4. To impart to any thing the power of 
moving. Derham. 

5. To carry haftily. Addijon^ 

6. To transfer to another proprietor.' 


7. To ftrain ; to percolate. Bacon. 

8. To vent j to let out. Watts, 
Q. To utter ceremonioufly. Clarendon. 
JO. To utter folemnly, VEJliange, 

II. To tranfmit. Clarendon. 

12. To put an end to. Shakefpeare. 

13. To iurpafs ; to excel. Ezekieh 

34. To omit i tonegle£l. Shakefpeare, 

35. To tranfcend ; to tranfgrefs. Burnet. 
26. To admit j to allow. 2 FZingt. 
J7. To enaft a law. Siutft, 
38. To impofe fraudulently. Dryden. 

19. To pradife artfully j to makefucceed. 

C.O. To fend from one place to another. 
a I. To Pass aivay. To fpend j to wafte. 


22 To Pass ^y. To excufe ; to forgive. 


43. To Pass by. To negleftj to difre- 

gard. Bacon, 



24. To Pass over. To omit j to let go 
unregarded. Dryden^ 

PASS. /. [from the verb.] 

1. A narrow entrance j an avenue. 


2. Paffage ; road. Raleigh. 

3. A permiflion to go or come any where, 


4. An order by which vagrants or impotent 
perfons are fcnt to their place of abode. 

5. Pufti ; thruft in fencing. Sbakefp. 

6. State; condition. Sidney, 
PA'SSABLE. a. [pajfible, Fr. from pafs.] 

1. Poflible to be paired or travelled through 
or over. a Ma^^ 

a. Supportable J tolerable j allowable. 


3. Capable of admifiion or reception. 


4. Popular J well received. Bacon, 
PASS A' DO. f. [Italian.] A pufh ; a thruft. 

PA'SSAGE, /. Ifpoffage, French.] 

1. Ad of pafling j travel j courfe ; jour- 
ney, Raiigh, 

2. Road ; way. South, 

3. Entrance or exit j liberty to pafs. 


4. The ftate of d^cay. Shakejpeare, 

5. Intelleftual admittance J mental accep- 
tance. Digby, 

6. Occurrence ; ha^. Shakefpeare. 

7. Unfettled ftate, letnpk. 

8. Incident J ttanfaftion. Hayiiardt 

9. Management} condaȣl. Davieu 
10 • Part of a book j finale place in a writ- 
ing. Evd'oit, French. Addifon, 

PA'S:.ED. Preterite and participle oip^fs. 

PA'SSENGER. /. [pajfager, French.] 

1. A traveller j one who is upon the ri^ad ; 
a waytaret, Spenfer, 

2. One who hires in any vehicle the licerty 
of travelling. Sidmy, 

PASSENGER/a/coff. /. A kind of migra- 
tory hawk. Ainfivortb, 

PA'SSER. /. [from /^/5.] One wl-oiaffesj 
one that 's upon the ro^d. Caretv. 

PASSIBI'LITY. /. [pa/ftbi/ifey Fre... from 
paj/ible.] Quality ot receiving imp-eliions 
fiom external agents. Hakezoill, 

PA'SSlBiE. a. [piJfiblf.Yr.poffibilit, Lat.] 
Sufceptivc of impreftions from external 
agents. Hoker, 

PA'SSIBLENESS. /. [from pajible.] Qua- 
lity of receiving imprcflions from external 
agents. Brereivood, 

PA'SSING. participial a. [from ^-2/5.] 

1. Supreme i furpafling others j eminent. 


2. It is ufed adverbially to enforce the 
meaning of another word. Exceeding. 


P A 

PA'SSINCBELL. /. lf>aj/}rginilcl/.] The 
bell which rin^s at (he hour of departure, 
to cibtdin prayers for the paffing foul : it is 
ohen ufed for the bcli, which rings imme- 
diately after death. Daniel. 

Pa'SSION. /. [pjjlo'T, Fr. fflj/lo, Lat:n ] 

1. Any eftedt caufed by external agency. 


2. Violent commotion of the mind. 


3. Anger. IVati', 
c.. Zcdl J ardour. Addifon, 

5. Love. Dryden. 

6. E^gernef?. Siuift. 

7. Emphatically. The laft furTering of ihc 
redeemer of ihe woild. Ah. 

To PA'SSION. V. n. [pajfioner, Fr. from the 

noun.] To be extremely agitated J to ex- 

prel's great commoiion of mind. Obfolate. 


PA'SSION- FLOWER. /. [granjdtlla, Lat ] 
A plant. 

PA'SSION- WEEK. /. The week immedi- 
ately preceding Eaf^er, named in comme- 
moration of our Saviour's crucifixion. 

PA'SSIONATE. <7. [pafftorrj, French.] 

1. Moved by pafTion J caufing or exprelling 
great commotion of mind. Clarendon. 

2. Eafijy moved to ang-jr. Prior, 
To PA'SSIONATE. v. a, [iiom pajfion.} 

An old word. 

1. To aftc(ft with p3fli')n. Spenfer. 

2. To exprefs paflionatelv, Shak^Jpeare. 
PA'SSIONATELY. ad. \ixom p.^Jfionate,'] 

I. With pafTion j with defire, love or 
hatred j with great commotion of mind. 

South. Dryden, 

1. Angrily. Lccke. 

PA'SSIONATENESS. /. [from p^J/ionate.] 

1. State of being fubj£(£l to pafliun. 

2. Vehemence of mind. Beyle. 
PA'SSIVE. a. [pajjl'vu:^ Latin.] 

1. Receiving imprefiion from fome exter- 
nal agent. Scutb. 

2. Unrefifting ; not oppofing. Pope. 

3. Suffering; not a£ting. 

4. [In grammar.] A verb pa(Ji-V£ is that 
which fgnifies palficn. Cla'ks. 

PA'SSIVELY. ad. [from pajfive.] With a 
paffiVe nature, Dryden, 

PA'SSIVENESS. /. [fTom ppf:v-. 1 

1. Qjjality of receiving iiDpreliion from 
external agents. 

2. Paflibility j power of fufFering. 

D(cay of Piety. 

PASSI'VITY. /. \{xom pajji-vt.^ Paflive- 
nefs. Q'oeynt, 

PA'SSOVER. /. {pa]i and ovtr.'\ 

1. A feaft inftituted among the Jew?, in 
memory of the time when God, fmiting 
the firft-bcrn ot the Egvptianr, paJ/'eJcv/'r 
the hibi rations of the Hebrews. John. 
z. The facrifici killed, Exodu:, 


PA'SSPORT. /, [pjjjport, French.] P?r- 
niilhon ■:)feg:fls. HUncy. Scurh' 

P.'iST. particifial a. [from^a/i,] 

1. Not prcknt J not to come, Sli:ift, 

2. Spent 3 gone through 3 undergone. 

P/iST. /. ElJiptically ufed for paft time. 

1 (nion, 
PAST, prefofifhn. 

1. Beyono m time, Hebrciv:. 

2. Nr) longer capable of. IJayioard, 

3. Beyond 3 out of reach of. C'/my, 

4. B-ryond 5 further than. Numhcrs, 

5. Ab;vej more than. Sptrfcr, 
PASTE. /. [p.p, French.] 

I. Any thing mixed up lo as to be vifcoui 
and tenacious. Dryden. 

%. Flour and \vater boiled together fo as to 
make a cement. 

3. Artificial mixture, in imitation of pre- 
cious ftones. 

To PASTE, -v. a. [pafler, Fr. from the 
noun.] To faftenwitn paftr. I. ok'. 

PASTEBOARD. /. \pafte:,nA board.^ M^f- 
fes made anciently by parting one board on 
another : now made fometimes by macerat- 
ing paper, fomctimes by pounding old cord- 
age, and carting it in fo^ms. Addijon^ 

PA'STEEOARD. a. Made of pafleboard. 
Mortimer i 

PA'.STr.L. /. An herb. 

PA'STERN. /. lpajiuron,Yitlit\i.\ 

1. The knceof an horle* Sbjkrfpeare, 

2. The legs of any human creatue. 

PA'STIL. /. \paftiUui, Lat. pafitlle, French.] 

A roll of parte. Peacham, 

PA'STIME. /. [paft ind ti»:e.] Sport; a- 

muiement ; diverllon. fPattf, 

PA'STOR. /. f^.7/or, Latin.] 

1. A Ihepherd. Dryden. 
•z. A clergyman who has the care of a. 
flock; one who has feuls to feed w:\h 
fonnd do£liihe. Sw:fr, 

PA'STORAL. a. [pajJcraht, Litin.] 

J. Rural; rurtick j beleemmg fnepherds j 
im^tatin? fhe[.herds. Sidney. 

2. Re'-itng to the care of fouls. Hooker. 
PASTORAL. /. A poen in which any ac- 
tion or p-iflion is reprefenttd by its eii'eO.s 
upon a country life, m which fpeakers take 
upon ihem the charafter of /hepherds ; an 
idy) ; a Hue .lick. iral.h. 

PA'.-)TRY. /. [pofiifferie, Fr. Uompajte.^ 

1. The adt cf making piej. Kirg, 

2. Pies or baked pirte. TuJ/er. 

3. The plate where paftry is made. 
PA'STRY-COOK. /. [pj/try and coik ] 

One whofe trade is to make and fell things 
bjkedinp.rte. Arbutbnct. 

PASTURABLE, a. [hom pufure.] Fit fvr 

PA'STURACE. /. [paj^ur.ige, F.ench ] 

4 T I. The 


I, The bufinefs of feeding cattle'. Sp?njer^ 

a. Lands gtazed by catdi. Addijon. 

3. The ufeof pafture. Arbuthr.ot. 

PA'STURE. /. [paflure, French.] 

I. F'lod ; the att of feeding. Bn-ivn, 

a Ground un which cattle fted. Locke. 

3. Hum^n cultuie J education. DryJer, 
To PA'STURE. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

To place in a pafture. 
To PA'STURE. v.n. [fr?m the noun.] To 

graze on the ground. Milton ^ 

PA'STY. /. [i^ajiey French ] A pye^f crull 

raifed without a dilh. Hhahfpeare. 

PAT. a. [U am pas, Dutch, ^..^jnB^r.J Fit j 

convenient ; exaftiy fuitable. Atterbury. 
PAT. /, [ Fretxh.J 

1. A light quick blow 5 a tap. Collier. 

2. Small lump of matter beat into Ihape 
with the hand. 

To PAT. v. a, [ thenoun ] To ftrike 
liphtly ; to tap. - Bacon, 

PA'TACHE. /. A fmall fhip. ^Jn[iv. 

PA'TACOON. /. A SpaniiTi coin worth 
four fhillmgs and eight pence Engiifh. 


To PATCH, v.v. [;«d'?s;fr, Danifh} ^c;^- 
zari\ Italian.] 

i. To cover with a piece fcwed on. Lo^ke, 
a. To decorate the foce with fmall fpots of 
black filk. Addijor., 

3. To mend clumfily 5 to mend fo as that 
the original flrengih or beauty is loft. 


4. To make up of fhreds or difilerent pieces. 

PATCH. /. [/>f««o, Italian,] 

I. A piece levvcd on to cover a hole. 

a. A piece inferted in ir.ofaick or varie- 
gated work, 

3. A fmall fpot of black filk put on the 
face. Suckling, 

4. A fmall particle J a parcel of land. 


5. A paltry fellow. Obfokte. Sbokjf. 
PA'TCHER. /. {horn patch.] Oue that 

patches ; a botcher. 
PA'TCHERY. /. \irow pitch.] B>cchery; 

bungling work j forgery. Sbjkepeare, 

PATCHWORK, /. [ patch and -ivork.^ ] 

Work naade by fewmg fmall pieces of dit- 

ferent colours interchangeably together. 

PATE. /. The head. Sperifer. South. 

PA'TED. a. \irow.p'te.^ Having a pate. 
PATEFA'CTION. /. {patefaah, Uiin.] 

Aft or ftate of opening. Ainfivortb. 

PATEN. /. [paina, Latin.] A plate. 

Shak fpeare, 
PA'TENT. a. [peters, Lnin.] 

I. Open to the perufai of all : as, letters 



a. Something appropriated by letters pa- 
tent. Mortimer , 
PA'TENT. /. A writ conferring fome ex- 
clulive right or privilege. Shakefpeare. 

PATENTEE'. /. l<itQm patent ] One who 
has a patent. S%vift, 

PATER- NOSTER. f, [Latin.] The Lord's 
prayer. Camdeti„ 

PATE'RNAL, a. [paterrus, Latin.] 

1. Fatherly j having the relation of a fa- 
ther. Hammond, 
a. Hereditary j received in fucceffion from 
one's father. Dryden, 

PATERNITY, /. [from /)affrnr/.', Latin.] 
Fatheiihip j the relation of a father. 


PATH./, [p }S, Saxon.] Wayj ro-d} track. 


PATHETIC AL. 7. t. [7r«S«1ixa.:.] Affeft- 

PATHE'TlCK. 5 ing the paffions j paf- 
fionate ; nnoving. Sivift, 

PATHE'TICALLY. ad, [itom pathetical.^ 
Jn fuch a manner as may ftrike the paf- 
fions. Dryden, 

PATHETICALNESS. /. [i:om patbedcal.^ 
Ciuality of being pathetick j quality of 
moving the pafTions. 

PATHLESS, a. [itompatb,] Untrodden j 
not marked with paths. Scindys, 

PATHOGNOMONICK. a. [7?a^>^o- 
y;xij, j Such figns of a clifcale as are infepa- 
lable, defigriing the eiTence or real nature 
of the difeafe j not fymptomatick. 

PATHOLOGICAL, a. [from pathology. 1 
Relating to the tokens or difcoverabie cf- 
fcdls of a diltemper. 

PATHOLOGIST. /. fW-^^ and Xs>a>.] 
Oi.e who treats of pathology. 

PA THOLOGY. /. [r^^o.-and -kiyu.] That 
part of medicine vvhich relates to the dif- 
temperSj with thtir difterences^ caufes and 
effcdls incident to the human body. 

PATHWAY./, {path TiXi^ ivay.] Abroad} 

ItnttJy a narrow way to be paillsd on foot. 

Shake jpeai e, 

PATIBLE. a. [from^a^/or, Latin.] Suffc- 
rable ; tokrabJe. DiEi, 

PATIBULARY. a. [pstilulalre, Fr. from 
patibulum, Lat.j Belonging to the gallows, 

PA'TIENCE. /. [patier.ttj, Latin.] 

1. The power of fulieriogj indurance ; 
the power of expelling long without rage 
or difcontcnt ; the power of fupporting 
injuries without revenge, Mattbeiv, 

2. Sufterance j peimifiion, Hooktr, 

3. An herb. Mortim-.r, 
PA'TiENT. a. [patiem, Latin ] 

1. Having the quality of enduring. Ray, 

2. Calm under pain or afBidfion. Dryden, 

3. N'jt revengeful againft injuries. 

4. Not eafily^rov^'ked. \TbeJf.iJ, 

5. Not 


5. Not hafty j not viciouny eager or im- 
petuous. Prior, 
PATIENT. /. [f>jt;eTit. French.] 

1. That which receives imprcllions from 
external agents. Gov. of the -I'tngtif, 

2. A perfon difeafed, Addtj^n. 
To PATIENT, •v.a. [fati^ntrr, French.] 

To com pole ooe's fe'f. Sbakefpeare. 

PA/TJENTLY. ad. [hc^m f>atier/.] 

1. Without rage under pain or afiiifiion. 

M 'ton. 

2. Wi'hout vicious impetuofity. Caliimy. 
PATINE. /. [^flr/flJ, Latin.] Thecoverof 

a chalice. Ainfivorth. 

PA'TLY. ad, [from fat.] Commocioufiy 3 

PATRIARCH. /. [fatriarcha, Latin ] 

T. One who governs by patrrnal right j 

the father and ruler of a family. 

3. A bifhop fupcrior to archbifhops. 

PATRIA'RCHAL. <7. [fatriarcbat, Fr. 
froD5 fatriarcb.] 

1- B-ilonging to patriarchs; fuch as was 
pollefled or enjoyed by patriarchs. I'.'orris. 
2. Belonging to hierarchical patriarchs. 

P.VTRIARCHATE. 7 /. [patriarLbaf, Fr, 

PA'TRIARCHSHIP. 5 from patrmrch. \ 
A biflioprick fuperior toarchbifhopricks. 


PATRIA'RCHY. /. Jurifdiftion of a pa- 
triarch ; patriarchate. Brerewood, 

PA'TRICIAN. a. [patrUius, Latin.] Se- 
natorial 3 niible; not plebeian. 

PATRI'CIAN. /. A nobleman. Dryden. 

PATRIMO'NIAL. a. [ from patrimony. ] 
PoflelTied by inheritance. Temple. 

PA'TRIMONY. /. {pa'.rmomum, Luin.] 
An elUte poireired by mheritarice. Da-viet. 

PATRIOT. /. One whofe ruing pafiion is 
the love of his country. Tickel. 

PATRIOTISM./, [horn patriot.-] Love of 
one's country j zeal for one's country. 

To PATRO'CINATE. v. a. [ patrocinor^ 
Latin,] To patroniie } to protettj to de- 
fend. £)/>7. 

PATROL. /. [patrouille, old French.] 

1. The ait of going the rounds in a garri- 
fon to obferve that orders are kept. 

2. Thofe that go the rounds. Thomfort. 
To PATROL, -p. «. [patrcutller, Fr.] To 

go the rounds in a camp or garrifon. Black. 
PATRON. /. [patronus, Utin.] 

I. One who countenances, fupports or pro- 
tects. Prior. 
1. A guardian faint. Spenfer, 

3. Advocate ; defender ; vindicator. Locke, 

4. One who has donation of ecclcfialiical 

PATRONAGE./. [Uom patron.'] 

1. Support ; protedion. Sidr^y. Creech. 

2. Guardianiliip of faints. ^ddijon. 

P A'V 

3. D,ination of a benefice j right of con- 

fcrrmg a bi-ntfice. 
To PATRONAGE, •v.n. [5,om the noun.] 

Topitroni'ej to protef?. Soaki-ff^ear-.. 

PATRO'NAL. a. f from /-^^r -^^.5, Litin.] 

Proteding j fupporting j guardi:g ; defend- 

PATRONESS. /. [feminine of ^^^ro;:. J 
I. A (eijidle that defends, countenances or 
Supports. i'otrfux. 

2 A female guardian faiif. 

To PATRONISE, 'v.a. [ixom patron.] To 
P'otfd j to riipportj to defend j to cuin- 
t«"<«"tc. BJcon. 

PATRON'Y'.VriCK. / [ ,r:.T.ovt;^ ] 
Nome exprcfling the name of the farher or 
«"«ft..r. Broome, 

PA TTEN of a pilLr. f. Its bafe. 


PATTENMAKER. / [patten and maker ] 
He that mikes pattens. 

PATTEN./ (/xu;«, French.] A /hoe of 
WO' A with an jron ring, worn under the 
common fli' e by women, Camden. 

ToPA'TTER. -v.p, [ffom/-a///>, Fr. the 
foot.] To make a ncile like the quick flcps 
of many feet. Drydert^ 

PATTERN. / [/>:rro.;, French J patroon. 
Ditch ] 

1 . The original propofed to imitation ; the 
archetype J that which is to be copied. Gretv. Rogers, 

2. A fpecimen J a part fuown as a f-mple 
of the reft. Sivift^ 

3. Aninftance; an exsmple. Hooktr. 

4. Any thing cut cut in paper to direct the 
cuttmg of cloth. 

To PATTERN, v.a. [patronner,?iench.^ 

1. To make in imitation of fomething ; 
to copy. Sbakefpeare, 

2. To ferve as an cxiranle to be followed. 

PAVAN. 7/ A kind of light tripping 
PA'ViN. I dance. Ainftvonh^ 

PAU'CILOQUY. / [faucil^uium,'hiim.^ 

Sparing and rare fpeecb. 
PAU'CirY. /. [pauotai, LiiK\n.] 

1. Fewnefs; fmallnefs of number. Boyle, 

2. Smjllnefs of quanciry. Brown. 
T^ PAVE v.a. [patio, l,ii'n.] 

I. To lay with brick or flone ; to flor 
with ftone. Sbakefpeare. 

I. To make a palT^g? eafy. Bacon. 

PAVEMENT. / [pa-vm^nt.m, Latin.] 
Stones or bricks laid on the ground ; ftone 
floor. j^ddifon. 

PAVER. 7 / [from fove ] One who Ins 

PA'VIER. 5 w,th fiones. Gas-. 

PAVILION./. ("/iJi;//o«, French.] Aren't; 
a temporary or moi-eahle hou'e. S !rd\i. 

To PAVI'LION. i;.a. [from the r>.,n.]' 

1. To furnish with tent?. Mutort. 

2. To be fhcltcred bv a tent, 

4 T 2 ' PAUNCH. 

P A Y 

l^AUNCH. /. [ panfe, Fr. fartfe^t, Latin. ^ 
The be^.v j the region of the guts. Bagon. 
To PAUNCH. 'V. a. [frpm the noun.] To 
pierce or rip the belly ; to exenterate. 


PAU'PER. /. [Latin.] Apoorperfon. 

PAUSE. /. [/'rfv/a, low Latin ; ^auo,;.] 

■J. A flop: a placeortimeof intermifTion. 


7.. Sufpenfe ; doubt. Shakejfieare, 

3. B eak ; paragraph ; apparent fepara- 
tioa of the parts ot a difcourfe. 

4. Place of fufpending the voice marked in 

5. A flop or intermifiion in mufick. 
To PAUSE, n). n. 

3. To wait ; to flop j not to proceed ; to 

forbear for a time. Mdrov. 

1. To deliberate. Knotle;. 

3. To be intermitted, Tickdl'. 

PAU'SER. /. [itompaufe.1 He who paufes } 
' he who deliberates. Sbakeff/eare. 

pAW. /. [pai"en, \Niel(h.] 

1. The t®ot of a bveaft of prey. More. 

2. Hand, P'-yden. 
To PAW. v. n. [from the noun.] To draw 

the fore foot along the ground. Pope. 

To PAW. 'V. a. 

J. To ftrike wilh a draught of the fore 
foot. Tickell. 

2. To handle roughly. 

3. To fawn ; to flatter. Air^/zvortl', 
PAWN. a. [pa.'id, IhiXch^ /-an, French.] 
' 1. Something given to pledge as a lecurity for 

Jiioney borrowed or promife made. Hoivel. 
a. The ftate of being pitdged. Shakefp. 

3. A common man at cheis* ^injivoitb. 
FA'WED. a. [Uompatu.'] 

J. Having paws. 

%. Broad footed. JUnj-worth. 

To PAWN. v. a. [from the noun.] To 

pledpe ; to give in pledge. Sbakejpeare. 

FA'WNBROKER. /. [pawn and broker. '\ 

One who lends money upon pledge. 

To PAY, nj. a, [paier, French.] 

J. To difcharge a debt. Drydev. 

■%. To difmifr one to whom any thing is 

due with his money. 

3. To atone J to make amends by fuffer- 
mg,' RojCQmmon. 

4. To beat. Shakefpsare. 

5. To reward} to recoijnpenfe. Dryden. 

6. To give the equivalent far any thing 
bought,' Locke. 

PAY. /. [from the verb.] Wages 5 hire 5 
fnonev given in return for fervice, Temple. 
PA'YAELEo a. [p^a/jW^, French.] 
' I. Due; to be paid. ' Bacon. 

i. Such as there is power to pay. South. 
PA'YDAY. /. [poyT^n^ day.] Day on which 
' ■ «iebts are to be difcharged or wages paid. 



PA'V'ER. /. [poieur, French.] One that 

PA'YMASTER. /. [pay and nia/ler.'^ One 
who is to pay ; one from whom wages 
or reward is received. Tayhr, 

PA'YMENT. /. [from pay.] 

1. The aft of paying. 

2. The difcharge of debt or promife. 


3. A reward. South. 

4. Chaftifementi found beating, ^irjiu. 
To PAYSE. -v. n. [ufedby Spenjer for poife. J 

To balance. 
PA'YSER. /. [forpoifer.] One that weighs. 

PEA. /. [pijum, Latin ; pip, Saxon.] A 

plant. The fpecies are (ixteen. 
PEACE. /. [p)ix, French ; pax, Latin.] 

1. Refpite trom war. Addijon, 

2. Quiet fronn fuits or diflurbgnces. Davtei, 

3. Reft from any commotion. 

4. Stilnefs from riots or tumults. 

5. Reconciliation of differences. Ij'aiah. 

6. *A ftate not hof^ile. Bacon. 
•J. Rfft ; quiet; content^ freedom frem 
terrour ; heavenly reft. Tillotjon, . 
8. Silence 3 fuppreflion of the tj?oughts. 


PEACE. interjeSiion, A word commanding 

filence, Crajhaiv. 

PEA'CE- OFFERING. /. [peace and offcr.\ 

Among the Jews, a facrifice or gift ortered 

to God for atonement and reconciliaticn for 

a crime or offence. "Lt-v* 

PEA'CEABLE. a. [it om peace.'] 

1, Free from war } free from tumult. 

Z. Quiet; undifturbed, Spenjer, 

3. Not violent} not bloody. ' Hale, 

4. Not quarrelfome j not turbulent. 

PEA'CABLENESS. /. [from peaceable. ^^ 

Quietnefs ; difpolition to peace. Hammond, 
PEA'CE ABLY. ad. [from peaceable.] 

T, Without war } without tumult. Sivift, 

2. Without diftarbance. Sbakefpeare, 
PEA'CEFUL, a. [peace zni full.] 

1. QjJet } not in war. Dryden. 

2. Pacifick; mild. Dryden, 

3. Undifturbed; ftill ; fecure. Pope. 
PEA(CEFULLY. ad. [horn peaceful.] 

J, Quietly ; without difturbance. Dryden, 

z. Mildly; j',ently. 
PEA'CEFULNiSS. /. [ from peaceful. ] 

Quiet } freedom from difturbance. 
PEA'CEMAKER. /. [peace and w^/^<?r.] 

One who reconciles differences. Shakefp. 
PEACEPA'RTED. a. [peace and pirte'd!] 

Difmified from the world in peace. 

PEACH. /. [pefche, French.] A roundifli 

flefhy fruit, having a longitudinal furrow, 

inclofing a rough rugged ftone. Miller^ 



To PEACH. V. V. [corrupted from {»i/>fach.'\ 
To accufe of fome crime. Dryden, 

PEACH-COLOURED, a. [peach and co^ 
lour.^ Of a colour like a peach, Shakefp. 

PEA CHICK. /. [pea and ch:ck.'\ Thechic- 
ken of a peacock. So^'ifrn, 

PEA'COCK. /. A fowl eminent fur the 
beauty of his feathers, and pariicuUriy df 
his tail, ■ SanJ^i. 

PEA'HEN, /. [/i^a and it>i;» ; />JT/<z, Latin.] 
The female of the peacock. 

PEAK /'. [peac, Saxon.] 

1. The top of a hill or eminence. Prior, 

2. Any thing acuminated. 

3. Therifing forepart of a head-drefs. 
To PEAK. 'v.v. 

I, Tolookfickly. Sbakefp;are, 

a. To make a mean figure j to fneak. 

PEAL. f. A fuccCiTion of loud founds : as, 

of orlif, ihunder, cannon. Uayivard. 

To PEAl- "v. w. [from the noun.] To play 

folemnly and loud. Miiton. 

To PEAL. V. a. To affail with noife. 

PEAR. /. [poire, French.] A fruit more 
produced toward the foot-ftalk than the 
apple, but is hollowed like a navel at the 
extreme part. The fpecies are eighty four. 

PEARL. /. [pe-le, French -, per/a, Spanifli.] 
Pearls, though efteemed of the number of 
gems, are but a diftemper in the creature 
"that produces them : The fiih in which 
p:arh are mofl frequently found is the 
oyrter. The true fhipe of the pearl is a 
perftdt round ; but fome of a conhderable 
lize are of the fliape of a pear : their colour 
ought to be a purs, clear and brilliant 

PEARL. /. [alL'/go, Latin.] A white fpeck 
or film growing on the eye. 

PEA'RLED. a. [from /far/.] Adorned or 
fet with pearls. M.iton. 

PEA'RLEYED. a, [peflrUjii eye.] Having 
a fpeck in the eye. 


PEA'RLPLANT. C /. Plants. 


PEA'RLY. a. [from pearl.] 

1. Abounding with pearls j cor^ 
pearls. IVoodivard. 

2. Refembling pearls. Drayt'.r. 
PEARMAl'N. /. An apple. Mortm-r. 
PEA RTREE. /. [pear and tree.] The tree 

that be^r* pears. Bacon. 

PEASANT. /. [p:irant,-FTer)ch.] A hind j 

one whofe bufinefs is rural labour. Sper.Jer. 
PEa'SANTRY. /. Peafintsj rulticks j 

country people. Locke. 

PEA'SCOD. If. [pea, cod znA Pell.] The 
PEA'SHELL. I hufk that contains peas. 

PEASE. /. F'jod of peafe. T/.^^r. 

3 ' 


PEAT. /. A fpecies of turf uf^d for fire 

PEAT./. [from^-oV, Fr, ) A little food- 

lin" ; a dari'Hg J a dejr play Doinr^ 

PE'BBLESTbNTE. \ A ftons d.Jhnrt frotn 

flints, beint? not in l.iyers, but in one hnmo^ 

geneousmaA. ^tdnev, 

PE'BBLE.CRVSTAL. /. Cryrtal \n form 

of nod. lies. f'yoodicard. 

PEBDLED. n. [horrs prlble.] Sp-inklcd or 

abounding with pebbles. Tbimhrt, 

PE'BBLY. a. [from />o'.//.] Full of peboles. 

PECCABI'LITY. /. [from ^.rr«^/..J St^te 

of being fubjetfl to fin. Decay of Pietv 

PE'CCABLE. a. [irovn pecco,Uun.] Inci. 

dent to fin. 
PECCADI'LLO. /. [Spanifn; peccadilb, 

French.] A petty fault j a ihght crime ; 

a venial offence. Attcrbu'v^ 

PE'CCANCY. /. [Uom peccant.] Bad qua- 

^'ty« mfcman, 

PE'CANT. a. [peccant, French ] 

1. Guilty } crifuin^.'. So'^tb, 

2. Ill difpofed J corrupt j bad ; o^enfive 
toth.»body. Arbutbnot, 

3. Wrong j bad J deficient j unformal. 

PECK. /. [from pocca.] ^ "^ 

1. The fourth part ot a buflie], Hudihrai, 

2. Pioverbially, [ In low language, ] \ 
great deal. HuckUng^ 

To PECK. -u. a. [becquer, French : picken, 
Dutch.] '^ ' 

I. T-) ftrike with the beak as a bird, 
z. To pick up food with the baak, Addif, 

3. To llrike with any pointed inftrumen't, 


4. To ftrike ; to majce blows. iiouib^ 
PE'CKER. f. [irorr^ peck.] 

1. One that pecks, 

2. A kind of bird : as, the ^oc^.pecker, 

PE'CKLED. a. [corrupted from jpeck'ed.\ 

Spotted ; varied with fpots. Walton., 

PECTl'NAL. /". [from/>r<7f«, Lit. a comb,] 

There are fi/hes is peain.iis, fuch as hav? 

their bones maiie laterally like a comb. 

Br oivn, 
PECTI'MATED. a. [from ;,r<?7^/7, Latm.J 

Formsd like a comb. Bto-iur. 

PECTINA'TION. /. The ftate of bting 

peftinated. Broivn, 

PECTORAL, a. [horn peaorals.h^un.] 

Belonping to the breaft. Wif'wan, 

PE'CTORAL. /. [paorak, Lat. pcitora^, 

French. ] A breaft plate, 
PECU'LATE. 7/. {p:culatus,L:it. p^culaC, 
PECULATION. S French.] Robbery of 

the publick ; theft of pubiiik money. 
PECU LATOR. /. [Latin.] Rubber of the 



P E D 

PECU'LIAR. a. [peculiaris, from pcculiumy 

1. Appropriate; belonging to any one with 
excluhon of others. 

2. Not common to other things. 

3. Particular j fingle. Milton. 

I. The property; the exclufive property, 


a. Something ablcinded from the ordinary 

iurifdiaion. Carew. 

PECULIA'RITY. /. [from peculiar.'^ Par- 
ticularity i fcmething found only in one. 


PECU'LTARLY. ad. [itow peculiar. ^ 

I. Pirticulariy i fmgiy. PVoodivard. 

s. In a manner not common toothers. 

PECU'NIARY. a. [p^cumanus, Lat.] 

1. Relating to money. Broivn. 

2. Confifliog of money. Bacon. 
PED. /. 

1. A fmall packfaddle. 1'uJJ'er. 

2. A balket ; a hamper. Spcnfsr. 
PEDAGO'GICAL. a. [irom pedagogue.] 

Suiting or belonging to a fchooimafter. 

PEDAGOGUE./ Ur%:oayxylq.] One who 

teaches boy? 9 a fchooimafter j a pedant. 


To PE'DAGOGUE. v. a. ['rrtkiUyooyiu'l 
To teach with fupercilioufnefs. Prior, 

PE'DAGOGY. /. '['STCi.i.^ctytinyict.'] Themaf- 
terfiiipj difcipline. South. 

PE'DAL. a. [psdaliSf Latin.] Belonging to 
a foot. 

PE'DALS. /. Ipidalis, Lat. p'^dalei, French, ] 
The large pipes of an organ. Drcf. 

PEDA'NEOUS. a. [/»^^/<3nfa^ Latin.] Go- 
ing on foot. 

PEDANT. /. [pedant, French.] 

I. A fchooimafter. Dryder, 

a, A man vain of low knowledge. Siuift. 

PEDA'NTICK. la. [pedantejjue , Fr. from 

PEDA'NTICAL. 5 pedant. ] Awkwardly 
oftentatious of learning. Hayward. 

PEDA'NTICALLY. ad. [from pedanticai] 
With awkard oftentation of literature. 


PE'DANTRY. /. [pedanterie, Fren.] Awk- 
ward oftentation of needlefs learning. 

Frozen. Cowley, 

To PE'DDLE. V. n. To be bufy about 
trifles. ^inftvorth. 

PEDERE'RO. /. [pedrero,Sp3ni(h.] A 
fmall cannon managed by a fwivel. It is 
frequently written />arfrfro. 

PE'DESTAL. /. [piedfial, French. ] The 
lower member of a pillar j the bafis of a 
ftatue. Dryden. 

PEDE'STRIOUS. tf. {fedejiriiy Latin. J Not 
winged } going on foot. Brown. 

PE'DICLE. /. [from pedis, Lat. pedicuJe, 
French.] The footftalk, that by which a 
kaf or fruit is fixed to the tree, Bacon, 


PEDI'CULAR. a. [pedicularis, Latin.] Hav- 
ing the phthyriafis or ioufy diftemper. 


PEDIGREE. /. [pere ^n^ degre, Skinner.] 
Genealogy j lineage j account of defcent. 

PE'DIMENT. /. [/>'J/i, Latin.] In archi- 
tefture, an ornament that crowns the or- 
donances, fini/hes the fronts of buildings, 
and ferves as a decoration over gates, Diif, 

PEDLERi /. One who travels the country 
with fmall commodities. Shakefp?are, 

PE'DLERY. a, [from fedlcr.] Wares fold 
by pedlers. Sivift. 

PE'DDLING. a. Petty dealing; fuch as 
pedlers have. Decay of Piety. 

PE'DOBAPTISM. /. [Trai-Jo? and ^anlio-fxa.] 
Infant baptifm. 

PE'DOBAPTIST. /. ['rtctihqznA ^-xiflrM-] 
One that holds or pra£tires infant baptifm. 

To PEEL. v.a. [peler,Fr. from pe His.] 

1. To decorticate ; to flay. Shakejpeare» 

2. [From /^///ifr, to rob.] To plunder. Ac- 
cording to analogy this fhould be written 
pi I!. Mill on. 

PEEL./. [/><?/'/», Latin.] The Ikin or thin 
rind of any thinp, 

PEEL. /. [p^elle, French.] A broad thin 
board with a long handle, ufed by bakers 
to put their bread in and out of the oven, 

PEELER. /. [from peel ] 

1. One v/ho ftrips or flays. 

2. A robber; a plunderer. Tujfer, 
To PEEP. v. n. 

1, To make the firft appearance. Spenjer, 

2. To look fliiy, clofely or curioufly. 

SpcnJcT. Cteaveland. Dryden, 
PEEP. /. 

1. Firft appearance: as, at the peep uni. 
firft break of day. 

2. A fly look. Sivift. 
PEE'PER. /. Young chickens juft breaking 

the fhell. Bramjiead. 

PEE'PHOLE. 7 /. [ peep and bole. J 

PEE'PINGHOLE. 5 Hole through which 

one may look without being difcovered. 

PEER. /. [/.5/V, French.] 

1. Equal ; one of the lame rank. Da'vies, 

2. One equal in excellence or endowments, 


3. Companion ; fellow. Ben. Jchnjon. 

4. A nobkman ; of nobility we have five 
degrees, who are all neverthelefs called 
peen, becaufe their effeniial privileges are 
the fame Dryden, 

To PEER. V. n. [By contraftion from ap- 

1. To come juft in fight. Ben. Johnfon. 

2. To look narrowly j to peep. Sidney, 
PEE'RAGE. /. [pairte, Fr. from /'«'•.] 

I. The dignity of a peer, Szvift. 

z. The body of peers. Dryden^ 



PEE'RDOM. /. [from far.] Peerage. 


PEr.'RESS. /. [female of ^«r.] The lady 
of a peer J a woman ennj'olcd. 

PEE'RLESS. a. [frGm/>ctr.] Unequalled j 
having no peer. Milton, 

PEE'RLESSNE.S. /. [Uom pe.rUfs.} U;ii- 
verfdl fMperiOiity. 

PEE'VJSH. a. Petulant ; wafpift j eafily 
oiTcndid j irritable j haid to plcale. 


PEEVISHLY, ad. [from p. evijh.] Angri- 
ly J quenilourty j morofeiy. Ilayxvard. 

PEEVISHNESS. /. [from petr'ijh.j Ira- 
I'cibility ; queruloufncls j frelfulnefs ^ per- 
verfenefs. ^irg ChatUs, 

PEG, /. [p'ggtt, Teutonick.] 

I. A piece of wood driven into a hc.Ie. 

1. Thff pins of an inftrument in which the 
firings areH^rained. Slakefprare. 

3. 70 take a Peg loxver. To deprefs j to 
fink. Hudibras. 

z. The nickname of Margaret. 

To PEG. V. a. To Idftcn with a peg. 


PELF./. [In low Latin, /.f//>^.] Mjney j 
riches, Sidney, Sivift, 

PE'LICAN. /. f/)//<:<7«a;, low Lat.] There 
are two forts of pelicans '^ one lives upon 
fifh ; the other keeps in defcrts, and feeds 
upcn ferpents : \h.t pilican is fuppcfed to 
admit its young to Juck blood from its 

PELLET. /. [from pila, Lat. pehte, Fr.] 
I. A little ball. Sardyi, 

z. A bullet J a ball. Ray, 

PE'LLETED. *. [f torn pellet.] Confuling 
of bullets. Sbakefpeare. 

PE'LLICLE. /. [pellicula, Latin.] 

I. A thin flcin. Sharp, 

z. It is often ufed for the film which ga- 
thers upon liquours impregnated wi th fait 
or other fubftancef, and evaporated by hear. 

PELLITORY. /. [parietaria,] An 
herb. Miller. 

PE'LLMELL. /. [p^Jlem^jle, French.] Con- 
fuledjy j tumukuoully j one among ano- 
ther. Hudibras. 

PELLS. /. [pellis, Latin.] Clerk of the/r.7;, 
an officer belonging to the exchequer, who 
enters every teller's biil into a parchment 
roll CdWtA pellis acctptorum, the roll of re- 
ceipt5. Bailey, 

PELLUCID, a. [/^AW/V/ar, Latin.] Clear 3 
tranfparent \ not opake 3 not dark. 


PELLU'CIDITY. ? /. [ from pellucid, ] 
PELLU'CIDNESS. 5 Tranfparcncy j dear, 
nefs J not opacity. Kill, 

PELT. /, [Uompel'.n, Lu^n] 



2. The quarry of a hawk all torn. 

PELT- MONGER. /. [p-Uio,LiU pe.ts.nA 

monger,'] A dealer in raw h?des. 
To PELT. V. a, \poliiin, German, Skinner. '^ 

X. To ftrike With lomething thrown. 


I. To throw; to caft. iJrydea, 

PE'LTING. a. This word in Sbahfpeare 

fipriifies paltry ; pitiful. 
PE'L^iS. f. [Latin.] The bwer part of 

the belly. 
PEN. /. [pcnnsi, Latin.] 

1. An laitrument ot wilting, D^yden, 

2. Feather.- Spenfer, 

3. Witig. Ml lion, 

4. [From pennan, Saxon.] A fmall in- 
clofure ; a coop., 

To PEN. v.a. [pennan and'pinban, S?x.J 

1. To coop J to fhuf up ; to incjge j to 
imprifon in a narrow place. Bacon, 

2. [From the noun.] To write. D'gby^ 
PENAL a. [pinal,Fi:. from ^of'ij, Lat.J 

1, Denouncing puniiTiment 5 enacting pu- 
nifhment. South, 

2. Ufed for the purpofes of puni/hment j 
vindictive. Milion, 

PE'NALTY. 7 /. [ from pcnalit/, old 
PENA'LITY. 5 French.] 

1. Punifhment J cenfurc 3 judicial inflic- 
tion. Brtnun, 

2. Forfeiture upon non-performance. 

PE'NNANCE. /. [penence, old French.] In- 
fliftion either publick or private, fullered 
as an expreflion of repentance for fin. 

PENCE. /. The plural of penny, Mattb, 
PE'NCIL. /. [perio'lum, Latin.] 

1. A fmall brulh of hair which painters d:p 
in their colours. Dryden. 

2. A black lead pen, v/ith which cut to a 
point they write without ink. Watts, 

3. Any inftrument cf writing without ink. 
To PE'NCIL. 1/. ». [from the noun.] To 

paint. Sbiiki^peare, 

PE'NDANT./. [/>f«</tf»7r, French,] 

I. A jewel hanging in the ear. Popf, 

a. Any thing hanging by way cf ornament, 


3. A pendulum. Obfolete, I^igby. 

4, A fmall flag in (hips. 

PE NDENCE, /. [from ptr.dco, Lat.] Slope- 
nefs ; inclination. IVotton, 

PE'NDENCY. /. [from pendeo, Lac] Suf- 
pence J delay of decTiuu, Ziyhffe, 

PE'NDENT. a. [pcnder.s, Latin.] 

1. Hanging. SbakeCprart, 

2. Jutting over. Sbakejpcjre^ 

3. Supported above the ground. Milton, 
Pt'NDING. /. [perd-n't lite.] Depending 5 

icratining yet undecidd, -^yl'fff' 



PENDULO S ITY. 7 /. [from pet^duhus.] 

PE'NDULOUSNESS. ^ The lUce of hang- 
ing ; kifpenrioDi Eroiun, 

PENDULOUS, a. Ipendulus, Lat.] Hang- 
ing ; not fucported below. Ray. 

PE'NDULUM. /." [perjulus. Lit. .pcnduk, 
Frer.] Any weight himg p as that it may 
cafily backwards arjd forwards, of 
which the great law i?, that its ofcilla- 
tions are aJv\ays performed in eqiiaj time. 

PE'NETRABLE. a, [p netrahk, Ii.pcnara- 
hi lis, L^tm.] • 

1. Such as may be pierced ; fuch as may 
admit (he entrance of another body. Dryd , 

2. Suiceptive of moral or int.ellediual ini- 
prelhon. ' Shakefpvare , 

PENETRABILITY. / [horn, p-nelrable.] 
Surceptibility cf impreliioa ficm another 
body. Cheyr.c. 

PENETRAIL /. [p^r:ttral!a,Ut\n,] In- 
teri'-ur pzrts. Ha'-vey. 

PE'NETRANCY. f.\\torr^pennrani.'] Povv^- 
er of entering or piercing. Ray, 

PE'NETRANT. a. {penetrant, Yx.^ Hav- 
ing the power to pierce or enter j /harp j 
fubtiJe. Bo^i. 

To PENETRATE, 'v.a, [per.eiro, Latin j 
pnetrer, French.] 

i. To pierce J to enter beyond the fur.^ 
face 5 to make Wcjy incoa body, Arbutb. 

2. To afFed the mind. 

3. To reach the meaning. 

To PENE TRATE. v, «* To make way. 

PENETRATION. /. [pinetration, Fr. from 


jt. The a£l of entering into any body. MUt, 

2. Mental entrance into any thing abftrufe. 

3. Acutenefs ; fagecitv. Wucts, 
PENETRATIVE, a. [[rom penetrate.] 

1. Piercing 5 fliarp j lubtile. fFottor, 

2. Acute : fagaciDiis j ciicerning. Sioift. 

3. Having the power to imprels the mmd. 

PE'NETRATIVENESS. /. [from ptnetra. 

tive/j The quality of being penetrative. 
PE'NGUIN. /. [atijermageilarticus, Latin,] 

1. A bird, thougi) he be no higher than a 
large gocfe, yet he weighs fometimes fix- 
tecn pounds. Grezc. 

2. A fruit very common in the Weft In^ 
dies, of a fiiarp acid flavour. MUkr. 

FUNI'NSULA. f. [Latin ; peneir.fula.] A 

piece of land almpft furroumJcd by the ka. 


PENI'NSULATED. a. [from peninjula.'] 
Almoft furn. untied by water. 

PENITENCE./. [j.Knittntia.h^Un,] Re- 
pentance } fonow (or crimts ; contrition 
for fin, with amendmrnt of life or change 
ef the iifTeflicns. Dryden, 


PE'NITENT. a. [penitent, Fr. pcenitens^ 
Latin.] Repentant ; contrite for lin j for- 
rowfal for paft tranfgrcffions, and refolutely 
i<meriding life. Mtllon, 


1. One forrowful for fin. Bacon, 

2. Otis under cenfures of the church, but 
admitted to pennance. Stillivgjieet, 

3. One under the diredlion of a confeflbr, 
FENITE'NTIAL. a. lUom peniterce.']Y.x- 

prefiing penitence j enj'jinedi as pennance. 


PENITE'NTIAL. /. [p^'nitericiel, Fr. pcem- 
tcntiale, low Latin.] A book oireding the 
degrees of pennance. Aylijfe. 

PENITL'NTIARY. /. \ fenitencicr , Fr. 
pceriitentiarius, low Latin.] 
I. One who prefcribes. the rules and mea- 
fares of pennance. Bacon, 

z. A penitent j o»e who does pennance. 

3. The clace where pennance is enjoiiisd. 

PE'NITENTLY. ad. Uzomperitent.] With 
repentance j with furrow for lin j with con- 

PENKNI'FE /. [pen and knife.] A knife ufed 
to cut pens. Bscn. 

PE'NMAN./. [penznimj?!.] 

1 . One who profciFcs the art of writing. 
z. An authour j a writer. Addifon. 

PE'NN ACHED, a. [pevr.acke, French.] Is 
only applied to flowers when the ground of 
the natural colour of their leaves is ra- 
diated and diverfified neatly without any 
confufion. I'rei'oux, Evelyn, 

PE'NNANT. /. [pennon, French.] 

1. A fmall flag, eniign or colours. 

2. A tackle for hoifti.'^g things on board. 

PE'NNATED. a. [pennatus, Latin.] 
J. Winged. 

2. Pe'inated, among botaniils, are thofe 
leave.": cf plants that grow direftly one againft 
another en the fame rib or flalk j as thofe 
<;f afli and walnut-tree^ ^, 

PE'NNER./. [fiom*en.] 

1. A v/ritter. 

2. A pencafe. AinpwortB. 
PENNI'LESS. a. [from;>e««>-.] Moneylefs j 

poor j waiuing money. 
PE'NNON. J. ^[pennon, French.] A fmall 

flag or colour. Sbakefpeare. 

PE NNY. /. plural /ifwcf. [penij, Saxon.] 

1. A fmail coin, of which twelve make a 
fhilling : a penny is the radical denomina- 
n^tion from which Englilh coin is number- 
ed. Dryden, 

2. Proverbially. Skakej'p. Taylor. 
5. Money in general. Dryden. 

PENNYROYAL, 01 pudding grafs. J. [pii^ 

/e'st^n, Latin. 1 
PE NN YWEIGHT. /. [penny and -weight,] 
A v/eighs 


A weight containing twenty- four grains 

, troy weighr. Arhutbrot. 

PE'NNVWISEi i, [■/»f«n;»and w./f.] One 

who faves fmail fums at the hazard of 

Jaiger. BMon. 

I'E'NNywORTFi. /. [penny 7^n^ ivorth.^ 

1. As much as ii bouglit for a pcr.ny. 

2. Any purchafe j any thing bought or fold 
/or money. S''Utb. 

3. Something advantageoufly bought j a 
purchafe got tot lefs than it is worth. 

4. A fmal] aninti'v. i>nifi. 
PE'NSILE. a.' [p.n/li:, Latin.] 

1. Hanging j fulpcnded. Bacon. 

2. Supported above the ground. Pricr, 
PE'N'SILENESS. ./. [Uom fe-Ji'e.] The 

ftue of hanging, 
PE'NSION. /. [prr/sori, French.] An al- 

iowancc made 10 any one withjut an eqr.i- 

valent. AJd:f'n. 

To PE'NSION. 'v. a. [from the noun, j To 

fupportbyan arbitrary a]lnw:ince» A>idifon. 
PE'NSIONARY, a. \p'.7iJ'ionnatre,?ie^'\ih.'\ 

Maintained by penfion?. Dor.n:. 

KE'NSIONER. /. [from^«>«.] 

1. One who is fupported by an allowance 
paid at the will of another j a depitndant. 


2. A flave of ftate hired by a ftipend to 
obev "his maftcr. Pope, 

PE'NSIVE. a. [penfsf,TT.pinfi'vo,\rz\\^n.] 
I. Sorrowfully thoughtful j forrowful 5 
mournfully ferious. Pcpe, 

1 It is generally and properly ufed of per- 
fons. Prior, 

PE'NSIVELY. ad. [from ptnfivi.] With 
melancholy j forrowfully. Spcnfcr. 

PE'NSIVENESS. /. (from perftve.'] Me- 
lancholy ; forrowfulnefs. Hooker. 

PENT. par. pair, of p^n. Shut up. Milton, 

PENTACA PSULAR. a. [ and cap^u- 
/jr.] Having five cavities. 

PE'NTACHORD. a. ['7r£v7= and;;^^.^,;.] An 
inftrument with five firings. 

PENTAE'DROUS. a, [ 7Tiv7= and jj.-a. ] 
Having five fides. IVoodivard. 

PE'NTAGON. /. [7riv7£ and j.o»vm.J A fi- 
gure with five angles. Wotton. 

PENTA'GONAL. a. [ from pentagon. J 
Quinquangular j having five anglts. 


PENTA'METER. /. iP'rJametrum.Lnm.] 
A Latin verfe of five feet. Addijor., 

PENTA'NGULAR, a. [miPrc^n^ angular. '\ 
Five cornered, Greiv, 

PEN rAPE'TALOU.S. a. [rfvli znd p^raia, 
Latin.] Having fi^c petals. 

PENTASPAST, a. [Tiv7« and 9-~ax.] An 
engine with five pniiics. D:cf, 

PENTA'STICK. ./. [tt^vIc and ri'x^.] A 
compofition confifting of five verfes. 

rt'NTASTVLB. /. r^-^l* an<} rryv'^,] U 


architctflure, a work in which are five row* 

of coliiinns. 
PE'Nl-ATEUCH. /. [ 7r:^7a and tsCxo; i 

pntateujue^ Frtnzh,] The five books o^ 

M'.)fe^ BtntUy^ 

PENTKCOST. /. [ TTcvlixc,-':' ; pcntacojic, 

French.] A fcaft amoitg the Jews. 

PENTECOSTAL, a. [from^ «raoy?.J Be- 

longinf, to Whitfuntide. Sjnaerjort 

PE'NTHOUSE. /. f/)cH.', fromp.rte, Fr. 

and hcuju.] A flicd hanging out aflopefrom 

the n-.ajn wall, Knolhs, 

PE'N IICL". /. [p;r.di.i, I-.alian ] A flopin; 

roof. IP^otton. 

PE'NTILE. /. f/>.'»rand/.7f.] A tile formed 

to cover the floping p.Ttt of ihc roof. 

PEXT ;//!•. pan. a. [pfr.t, frorr/»^« and t^.] 

Shut <;o. ' Shjkcjpcarf, 

PEMPLTIMA. J. [L-'.tin.] Tne iait fyl- 

Jable but one. 
PENU'MBRA. f. fp.T:ezndu'r.ha,Ln\n.} 

An impcrfi i.'^ ihadow. Ntiuton. 

PENURIOUS, a. [fromp^ruria, Latin.] 

1. Niggirdiyj fparing J not liberal ; for- 
didlymean. Prior, 

2. Scanty not plentiful. Add.f-n. 
PENURIOUSLY.' ad. [from penurious.} 

Sparin^lv ; not plentifully, 
PENURIOUSNESS. /. [from p.-ruricus.l 

Nig^ardlinefs J parfimony. Addifon. 

PE'NURV. /. I pen uri a, Lit\v.] Poverty} 

indigence. Il-joker, 

PE'ONY. /. [pa^nia, Latin. ^ A flower. 

PE'OPLE. /. [p up'e, Fr. pcpulut, Latin.] 

1. A nation j thofe who tompofc a com- 
munity. ' Stake p-are, 

2. The vulgar. ykallert 

3. The commonalty J not the princes or 

4. Pcrfcms cf a particular clafs. Baccn, 
5- Men, or perfuns in general. Arbuth, 

ToPEOi^LE. -v. a. (;>^j//>;cT, French.] To 
ftock wirh inhabitant^. Prior^ 

PETAS TICKS. /. [^£:ra.'va) ] Medicines 
which are good to help the rawnefs of the 
ftomach and dipeft crudities. DEI, 

PE'PPER. /. [p'per. Lit. poicre, French.] 
We have three Kinds cf p pp r • the black, 
the white, and the lung, which are three 
difTcient fruits produc;:d by three diflinit 
plants. Tbomj'o», 

To PE'PPER. V a. [from the noun.] 

1. To fprinkle with pepper. 

2. To bs«ii to mangle with (hot orblcws. 


PETPERBOX. /, \p'pp:rzrA lox.] A box 

for holding pepper. SL-jielp-jre, 

PE'Pt'ERCORN.'/. [pfpp?r3T)Q ie'n.\ Any 

thing of inconfidcrsblc vuiue, 



PE'PPERMINT. /. {pff>psr&niK:int.] Mint 

eminentlv hof. 
PE'PPERWORT. /, [f>fp^r and •aort.'] A 

plant. Milrr. 

PE«'PTICK. a. [TiiirliKk-] What helps di- 

geftion. ^inftvorth. 

PERA'CUTE. /. [peracuf us, L3K\n.], Veiy 

(hmp •, very violcfit, 
PERADVL'NTURE. ad. [par adventure, 



I. Perb^^ps; maybe; by chance. Drghy, 

[peragro, Lat.] 

a. D 'ubt 5 queftion. 


To wander ovtr» 


The a£l of pafiing through any ftate or 
fpace. Holder. 

To PERAMBULATE, v. a. [pirambuk, 

1. To walk through. 

1. To Airvev, by paiiihg through. Davies. 
PERAMBULATION. /. [from pcramd:u- 
late. ] 

J. The aa of pafiing through or wander- 
ing over. Bacon, 
a. A travelling furvey. He-ive!, 
PE'RCASE. ad. [/)dr and f^/c] Perchance J 
peihaps. Bacon, 
PE'RCEANT. a. [pet cant, Fr.] Piercing j 
penetrating. Spenjer, 
PERCEi'VABLE. a. [from ^^m/V.] Per- 
ceptible J fuch as.falls under perception.. 

PERCEl'VABLY. ad. [from perceivable.] 
In luch a manner as may be obferved or 
To PERCEI'VE. v. a. [p^rdpio, Latin.] 
I. To difcovcr by fome fervfjble eflFe£ts. 

' Shakefpeare. 
a. To know ; to obferve. Locke. 

3. Tn besffeiRed by. Bacon, 

PERCEPTIBI'LITY. /. [from perceptible.] 
1. The ftaic of being an objed of the fenfes 

a, Perception ; the power of perceiving. 


PERCE'PTIBLE. a. [pcrcep'ible, F»^ per- 

cfp usy L-itin.j Such as may be known or 

oblerved. Bacon, 

PERCE'PTiELY. ad. [from p'rcept-bie.] 

In fuch a manner as may be perceived. 

PERCEPTION. /.,[/>;rff/,/ .'Off, Fr. pe<c>ptio, 

f.. The power of perceiving j knowledge ; 
confcioufnefs. Bentley. 

1,. The aft of perceiving } obfervation. 

3, Notion; i-iea. Hah. 

4. The fiate of being affefted by fome- 
thing. Bacon. 

PERCE'PTIVE. a. [perceptus, Lat.] Hav- 
ing the power of perceiving* GlawvilU. 

PERCEPTPVITY. /. [from perccpthvt.\. 
The power of perception or thinking. 

PERCH. /. [perca, Latin.] The perch is 
one of the fifhes of prey : he has a hooked 
or hog bilk, which is armed with ftiflt 
briflles, and all his fkin armed with thick 
hnrd fcalc?. H^alton, 

PERCH. /. [perlica, Lat. perebe, French.] 

1. A meafure of five yards and a half} a 

2. f perebe f Fr.] Something on which birds 
rooft or fit. Dryden. 

To PERCH, -zvn. [f)ercbcr,.Fr. from the 

iinun.] To fit or rcoft as a bird, ^perfer, 

[from peragraie. ] To PERCH, f, a. To plate on a perch 


PERCHA'NCE, ad. [per and chance.] Per- 
haps } peradventure. Wvtton, 
PE'RCHERS. /. Paris candles afed in Eng- 
land in ancient times ; a!f) the larger fort 
of wax candles, which were ufually fct up- 
on the altar. Biiiley., 
PERCI'PIENT. a. [pnciphm, Latin.] Per- 
ceiving } having the power of perception* 
PE'RCIPIENT. /, One that has the power 
ot perceiving. Glawville, 
PE'RCLOSE. /. [per and chje.] Conclufion j 
laft part. Raleigb,, 
To PE'RCOLATE. v. a. [^?rca/o, Latin, j 
To ftrain. Hale., 
PERCOLA'TION. / [irom percolate.] The 
aft of flraining j purification or feparation 
by ftraining. Ray,. 
To PERCU'SS. v. a. [percujj'us, Latin.] To 
ftrike. Bacon, 
PERCU'SSION- /. [percujp.o, Latin.] 

I. The aft of l^riking j ftroke. hJeivton, 
1. Effeft of found in the ear. Rymer, 

PERCUTIENT. /. [percutiem, Lat.] Strik- 
ing ; having the power to ftrike. Bacon^ 
PERDI'TION. /. [perditto, Latin.] 

1. Deftiuftionj ruin i death. Sbakefp, 
Z. Lofs. Shakefpeare, 

3. Eternal death. Raleigh, ■ 

PE'RDUE. ad. Clofe j in ambufh. 


PE'RDULOUS. a. [ftomperdo, Lat.j Loft j 

thrown away. Bramhall, 

PE'RDURABLE. a. [p-rdu^able, Fr. per^ 

dure, L'iUn.] Lafiing^ long contmued. 


PE'RDURABLY. ad. [from perdurable, } 

Laftingly. Sbakefpean, 

PERDURA'TION, /. [/^r^«ro, Lat.] Loiig 

continuance. Aiijiootth, 

PERE'GJL a. [French.] Equal. Obfolete. 

Spenfer. ' 
To PE'REGRINATE. v. n. [peregrinus^ 
Latin.] To travel j to live in foreign coun- 
tries. Di&. 
PXREGRINA'TION. /. [iiompfregnrus, 



L^tin.] Trave] j abode in fordign coon- 
trie?. Bir.tlry. 

PE'REGRINE a. [pfregrin, old Fr. perc 
f ;naj, Litin,] Foreign j not native j not 
domenick. Bacor», 

To PE'RFMPT. -v. a. [p;rmptus,L^t\n.] 
To kill ; tocrufh. A law term. yJyl'JI'-. 

PE'REMPTION, f. I prempih, Lat. />e- 
remf>ticn, Fr.j CVufli j txtintlion, L^w 
term, Ayhfft. 

PERE'VIPTORILY. ad. {Uam ffrtmptoTy.'\ 
Abfolutcly J politivcly j fj as to cut off all 
farther debate. CUrfudon. 

PERE'MPTORINESS. /. [from ptren:ptory.'\ 
Pofidvenefs j abf^lutcdecifion j dogmatifm. 

PEREMPTORY, ^. [ penmptorius, low 
Ln. p^nrrptotre, Yt.J Dogmatical j abfo- 
lutej fuch as dcftroys all further expollu- 
laMon. South. 

PERE'NNIAL. a. [pr^vr.l!, Latin.] 

I. Lifting through the year. Cueyre. 

a. Perpetual j unceafing Uar-vey, 

PERE'NNITY. /. [U<^. p-rermtas, Latin..] 
EoualUy of Idftmg through all fealons j per- 
petuity. Derbam. 

PERFECT, a. [perfe51u^,LzUT\.'\ 

1. Complete ; confumniate; finifhed ; nei- 
ther defe£iive nor redundant. Hooker. 
a Fully informed ; fuiiy fkilful. Sbakefp. 

3. Pure i blamelcfs J clear; immaculate, 


4. Safe ; out of danger. Shakejpeare. 
To PERFECT, f.a. [perftEius, itom per- 

Jicio, Latin.] 

I. To finim ; to complete; to confum- 
mate ; to bring to its due ftate, Waller, 
a. To make fkilful j to inftrudt fully. 


PE^RFECTER. /. [from ^ r/f<S.] One that 
makes pcrfeft. Pope. 

PERFECTION. /. [perfcalo, Lit. per- 
faton, French.] 

I. The ftate of being perfeft. Mkon^ 

2< Something that concurs to produce fu- 
preme excellence. Dryder. 

3. Attribute of God. Atterhury. 

To PERFE'CTIONATE. 1/. a. [perfeBion- 
«?r, French.] To make per fedl ; to ad- 
vance to pefe£tion. Dryden, 

PERFE'CTiVE. a. [irom perfa.] Con- 
ducing to b'ing to perfection. Ray. 

PERFE'CTIVELY. ad. [from perfeai-ve.] 
In fuch a manner as brings to perfeftion. 


PERFECTLY, ad. [from perj,a.] 
I. lo the higheft df^ree of excellence. 
Z. Totally ; completely. Boy!e. 

3. Exaf^lv ; accurately. Lccke. 

PE'RFECTNESS. /. [tTom per/ea.] 
1. Complctenefs. 

£. Goodnets j virtue. A fcriptural word. 


3' Slviii, Sbakefpeare, 

PEKFl'DIOUS. a. [perJiJui,L^U perjide, 

French.) Treachcious j f.<ife to truft j 

R'lihy of vif)Iatrd fai'h. JVidciv and Cat, 
PERFIDIOUSLY, .^d. [Uom u^.^ 

Tre:.'chernully ; by breach of faiih. Hudibr. 
PERFI'DIOUSNESS. /. [(um perfidhui.^ 

The quality of beinu perfidious. Tilhtfon, 
PERFIDY. /. [p:rjiJh, Lat. perfidie, Fr.] 

Treachery; want of faith; breach of faith. 
PERFLABLE. a. [from />^r/;, Lat.] Hav- 
ing the wind driven through. 
To PERFLATE, -v. a. [pcfo, Latin.] To 

blow through. Arbutbnot. 

PERFLATION, /. [from pcrfate.] The 

sdl of blowing throuiih. Ji'oodivard. 

To PERFORATE, v. a. [^'fr/cro, Latin.] 

To pierce with a too) ; to bore. Blackmore, 
PERFORATION. /. [Uom per fr.r ate.] 

1. The ad of piercing or bo/ing. More, 

2. Hole ; place bored, Ray^ 
PERFORATOR, /. {ftomperfcratc.^ The 

inflrumenr of b ring. Sbarp, 

PERFO'RCE. a^. [per &ni force.] By vio- 
lence ; vi(,lently, Sbakefpeare, 

To PERFORM, V. a. [performare, Ital^o.] 
To execute j to do ; to dilcharge ; to at- 
chieve an undertaking. Sidnry, 

To PERFO'RM. -v. n. To fucceed in ^n 
attempt. Watts, 

PERFO'RMABLE. a. [homp-rform.] Prac- 
ticable ; fuch as may be done. Broivn. 

PERFO'RM A NCE, /. [from perform.] 
I. Completion of foniething dtiigned J ^x- 
ccution of fomething promil'ed. South, 

a. Compofition j work. Dryder. 

3. A<f\»on ; f.imcthing done, Sbakefp, 
PERFO'RMER. /. [trom perform ] 

1. One that pciform* any thing. 


2, It is generally applied to one Uiat makes 
a publick exhibition of his fki!l. 

ToPERFRrCAFE. v.n. [perfrko, Ux.'^ 

To rub over, Dia, 

PERFU'MATORY. a. [ftom perfuTKe.] 

That which perfumes. 
PER'rU'ME. f. Iparfume, French.] 

I. Strung odour of fwectnefs ufcd to give 

Icents to other things. 

%. Sweet odour ; fragrance. Pope, 

To I*£RFU'ME. v. a. [horn the noun.] 

To fcent J to impregnate with fweet fcent. 

PERFU'MER./. [fromp^r/;.rj'.] Onew^of«- 

trade ii to iell things made to gratify the 

<cent. Swift, 

PERFU'NCTORILY. ad. [perfurBori}^ 

Litin.] Carelrfly; negligently Clarend, 
PERFUNCTORY, a. \p:rfunaorii, Lat.] 

Slight ; carclefs ; negligent. Woodtvard, 
To PERFUSE. 'V. a. [perfufuif Latin,] To 

tincture; to overfptead, Har-vty. 

4 U z PER- 



PERHA'PS. ao. ^<r and bap. ] Perad- 
ven'jrf \ u may be. F:atman. Umith. 

PE'RIAPT. /, '[ TTEgjttTrra). ] Amulet; 
chaim worn as a prefervative againft difeafes 
or mifchief. ^ Shakejpeare, 

PERICARDIUM. /. [ it'^ and xa^Va, ] 
Tlytfericardtum is a thin membrane of a 
conick figure- that refembles a purfe, and 
contains the Ke.^.rt in its cavity. 
PERrCARFIUM. ;. [peTicarpe,?^.] In bo- 
tany, a pellicle or thin membrane cncom- 
pafling the fruit or grain of a plant. 

PERICLITA'TION. /. [ from periditcr, 
Lat. pericittef , Fr.] 
1. The ftate of being in danger, 
a. Trial ; experiment. 
PERICRA'NIUM. /. [from tts^^: and cra- 
mum'\ T[\z pericranium is the membrane 
that covers the fkull. l^jncy, 

PERICULOUS. a. [pericuhfus, Litm. ] 
Dangerous J jeopardous j hazardous. 

PER-IE'RGY. /. [TTS^i and i>/iy.] Needlds 
caution in an operation 3 unneccliary di- 
PERIGE'E. 7 /■ [w5f; and y',^ \ perigee, 

PERIGE'UM. 5 Fr. Is a point in the 
heavens, wherein a planet is fiid to be in 
its neareft diflance pofiible from the earth. 
PERIHE'LTUM. /", [Trsg; and ^'Xtoj.] h that 
point of a planet's orbit, wherein it is 
neareft the fun. Cheyne. 

PE'RIL. /. [peri\t\\ jfre///^f/, Dutch.] 

1. Dangf r 5 hazard j jeopardy. DjnieJ. 

2. Denunciation j danger denounced. 

PE'RILOUS. a. [perikvx, Fr. from ;>er/7.] 

1. Dangerous J hazardous j full of danger. 
' Pope, 

2. It ;s uled by way of emphafis, or ludi- 
crous exaggeration of any thing bad. 


3. Smart; v.uty. Shakejpeare, 
PL'RILOUSLY. ad. [honi penlzas.] Dan- 


PE RILOUSNESS. /. [Uom perilous.'] Dan- 

PERI'METER. /. [tt;^'; and (Air^zoo J peri- 

nttre, Fr.] The compafs or lum of all 

the fides which bound any figure of what 

kind foever, whether redtilinear or mixed. 


PE'RIOD. /. [periode, Fr. TrsjtoJo?.] 

1. A circuit. 

2. Time \i which any thing is performed, 
fo as to begin again in the fame manner. 


3. A ftated number of years j a round of 
time, at the end of which the things com- 
prifed within the calculation Jhali return 

to the ftate in which they were at begin- 

JRg. Holder. 

4. The end cr conclufion. j^ddtfon, 

5. The Itate at which any thing teimi- 
nates. SuckHug. 

6. Length of duration. Bacon, 

7. A complete fenteqce ffom one full liop 
to another. Beu, yohtifcr. 

To PE'RIOD. V, a. [from the noun.] 'To 
put an end to, A bad word. Shakefpeare,. 

PERIO'DICK. 7 a, [periodtque, Fr, from 

PERIO'DICAL. 5 period.] 

I. Circular i making a circuit j making a 
revolution. TVatts. 

z. Happening by revolution at fome ftated 
time. • Betitlty, 

3. Regular; performing fonpc aftion at 
Itated times. /Iddijoi:, 

4. Relating to periods or revolutions. 

PERIODICALLY, od. [from periodical.] 
At ftated periods. Brooir.?. 

PERI'OSTEUM. /. {^ic\ andcVrov.] Ail 
the bones are covered with a very fenfible 
membrane, called the periojitum, Cheyn>\ 
PERi'PHERY. /. tts^; and cf£j«.] Circum.- 
ference. Hur-vey. 

To PERIPHRASE. t'. a. [peripbrafcr, Fr.] 
To exprefs one word by many j to exprelg 
by circumlocution, 
PERITHRASIS. /. [7r£gi4>^aa!;.] Circum- 
locution j ufe of many words to exprefs 
the fenfe cf one. Brotvn. JVatii, 

PERIPHRA'STICAL. a. [ from peripbra- 
Ji-.] Ciicumlocutory J exprefling the fenfe 
of cne word i« many 
PERI'^NEU'MONY. If. [ws^Und ttvew- 
PERirNEUMO'NIA. J /^wv,] An inflam- 
mation of the lungs. Arbutbr.ot. 
To PE'RISH. V V. [perir, Fr. pereo, Lat.] 
J. To die i to be detlroyed 5 to be loft j 
to come to nothing. Locke. 

2. To be in a perpetual ftate cf decay, 


3. To be loft eternally. Moreton. 
To PE'RISH. 'V. a. To deflroy 5 to decay. 

Nat in ufe. Collier. 

PE'RISH ABLE. a. [from fcrip.] Liable 
to perifh j fubjedl to decay j of ihort du- 
ration. Raleigh, 

PERISHABLENESS. /. [from peripable.] 
Liableneis to be dedroyed j liablenefs to 
decay. Locke, 

PERISTA'LTICK. a. [itm^i-K-hee ; perifini- 
tique, Fr.] Fd^ijhltick motion is that ver- 
micular motion of the guts, which is made 
by the contra€lion of the fpiral fibres, 
whereby the excrements are prelled down- 
wards and voided. i^luiKcy. 

PERISTE'RION. /, The herb vervain. • 


PERISTY'LE. /. [perijm, Fr.] A cir- 
cular range of piliars. Arbuthne:^ 



pJt'RlSySTOLE. /. [ TTs^: and c-yroXri. ] 
The paufe or interval betwixt the two 
motions of the heart or pulfe. DiEi, 

PERITONEUM. /. [TrE^jTovaiov.] This 
lies immediately under the mufctcs of the 
lower belJy, and is a thin and foft mem- 
brane, which enclofes all the bowels. 


PE'RJURE. /. [pC'jurui, Lat.] A perj u- 
ed or forr>^ora perlon. Sbak Jpfarc. 

To PE'RJURE. 'V. a. [/>erjuro, Latin. J To 
forfwear j to taint with perjury. 

PE'RJURER. /. [from perjure.} One that 
("wears foifcly. Spenjer. 

PERJU'RV. /. [ ferjurium^ Lat. ] Falfe 
oath. Siak'-fpeare. 

PE'RIVVIG. /. [perruque, Fr.] ^Adfcititious 
hair j hair not natural, worn by way of 
ornament or concealment of bildnefs. 


T" PE'RIWIG. 1/, a. [ from the noun. ] 
To drefs in falfe hair. Sw/t, 


I. A fmall /hell fi/h j a kind of fifh fnail. 


4, A plant. Bacon. 

To PERK. V. ft, [ from perch^ Skinner. ] 
To hold up the head with an aftV(^tcd 
bri/knefs. Pope, 

To PERK. V. a. To drefs j to prank. 


PERK. a. Pert ; bri/k ; airy. Spenjer. 

PE'RLOUS. a. [hom peTiloui.} Dangerous; 
full of hazard. Spenfir, 

PE'RMAGY. /. A little Turkilh boot. 

PE'RMANENCE. 7 /. [Uom permanent.'] 

PE'RMANENCy. 5 Duration j connitm- 
Cy J continuance in the fame ftare. Ha'e. 

PE'RMANENT. a. [permanent, Fr. per^ 
manem, Lat.j Durable j not decaying j 
unchaneed. Hooker. Dryden. 

PE'RMANENTLY. [ixom permanent.] Du- 
rably ; laftingly. Boyle. 

PERMA'NSION. /. [from permaneo, Lat.] 
Continuance. Brown. 

PE'RMEABLE. a. [from /ktot^o, Latin.] 
Such as may be palled through. Boyle. 

To PE'RMEATE. v. a. [pemeo, U^.] To 
pafs through. fVocdiuord. 

PE'RMEANT. a. [pcrmeans, Lat.] PaHi.-.g 
through. Broivn. 

PEKMEA'TION. /. [{xom permeate.] The 
a£l of pafTing through. 

PERMI'SCIBLE. a. [ixom permijceo. Lit.] 
Such as may be mingled. 

PERMl'SSIBLE. a. Qermfus, Lat.] What 
may be permitted. 

PERMI'SSION. /. lpermlJ/ion,Fr.perm'fu!, 
Lat.] Allowance j grant of liberty. 

Milt en, 

fERMi'SSIVE. a, [from ^.'r»:/V/o, Lat.j 


1. Granting liberty, not favour j n^t hin- 
dering, though not approving. Miiion. 

2. Granted J fuftcr^d wthout hindrance; 
not authorifed or favoujed. Mdton 

PEllMI'SSJVELY. ai. [ from /.^r.w/^x;,. j 
B/ oare allowance j without hindrance. 


i^ERMI'STION. y. [frmiput, Lat.] The 
ad of mixing, 

ToPE'RMir. -u.a. [p^rmitto, Ut. per. 
mettre^ F .J 

1. To allow without command. Hooker, 

2. To lufter, without authonfing or ap- 

3. To allow J to fufFer. Locke, 

4. To give up ; to refign. Dryden, 
PERMI'T. /. A written permiffion from 

an officer for tranfportmg of goods from 
pliCS to place, /howing the duty on them 
to have been paid, 

PERMITTANCE./, [from /.?m,V.] Al- 
lowance J forbearance of oppofition j per- 
miflion. Derkim, 

PERMIXTION. /. [from permifiui, Lat.] 
The z€t of mingling ; the ftate of being 
'^'"g'f'l- Brtreiuood, 

PERMUTA'TION. /. {permutation, Fr. 
p rmutatio, Lar. J Exchange of one for 
another. r^^^ 

To PERMU'TE. -u. a. [permuto, Lat. pL 
muter, Fr.j To exchange. 

PERMU'TER. /. [pcrmutant, Fr. from p^r^ 
mutf. ] An exchanger j he who permutes. 

PERNl'CiOUS. a. [pernwofus, Lat. per, 
nicieux, Fr.] 

1. Mifchievous in the higheft degree ; de- 
^^'■"<^'ve. Sbakcjp-are, 

1. [Pcrr.ix, Lat.] Quick. i^iiton, 

PERNI'CfOUSLY. ad. [from p^muhus.l 

Deftruftivcly ; mifchievoufly j ruinaufly, 


PERNICIOUSNESS. /. [from perr.iciou,.] 
The quality of being pernicious. 

PPRNPCITY. /. [from^^r«yx.J Swift. 
nelsj celerity. /j^- 

PEROR.VnON. /. [peroratio,Lzit.] The 
conciufion of an oration. Smart 

To PERPEND. V. a. [perpe„do, Lat.] To 
weigh in the mind j to confider attentivc- 
'y* Brown, 

PERPE'NDER. /. Ipcrpgne, Fr.] A cop- 
ing ftone. 

PE'RPENDICLE. /. {perp-ndicuk, French, 
p;rp:ndiculum, Lat.] Any thing hanging 
down by a ftrait line. 

PERPENDICULAR, a, [pcrpmdicularh, 
Latin.] ^'^ *^ ' 

1. Ciofllng any ether line at right angles. 


2, Cutting the horizon at right angles. 


PERPENDI'CULAR. /. A line crofling 

the horizon at lighi angle*, fVogd-ward. 



PERPENDl'CULARLT. ad. [(:om terpen- 

I. In fuch a manner as to cut another 
line at risht angles. 

a. In the direaion of a ftrait line up and 
down. ^'''' 

FERPENDICUL.VRITY. /. [iT<^vn perpcT,. 
dicuIarA The ftate of being perpendicu- 
lar. Watts, 

PERPE'NSION. /. [from pnpend.^ C n- 
fideration. ^\°'^"' 

To PE'RPETRATE. v. a. \perpetro, Lat.J 
To commit J to aft. Always man ill 
fenfe. ^"y^'^ 

PERPETRATION. /. [from perpnrate,] 
- I, The aft of committing a crime. 


' 2. A bad aflion. , King Claries. 

PERPETUAL, a. {perpstueL, Fr. perpe- 
tuus, Lat.] i- n ♦ 

1. Never ceafmg; eternal with rclpett to 
futurity. . , 

2. Continual: uninterrupted; perennial. 

.». Perpetual fcrew. A fcrew which afls 
aeainft the teeth of a wheel, and continues 
its aaion without end. Wtlktns. 

PERPE'TUALLY. ad, [ from perpetual. ] 
Conflantly j coniinually j incelfantiy. 

To PERPE'TUATE. f . a. [perpttuer, Fr. 
perpstuo, Lat.) 

1. To make perpetual ; to piefcrve from 
extinaion j to eternize. 

2. To continue without ceffation or inter- 
miffion. Hammond. 

PERPETUA'TION. /. [ from perpetuate. J 
The aft of making perpetual ; incellant 
continuance. ^ ^r^'*"'- 

pERPE'TUITY. r. [perpetmtas, 

1. Duration to ail tutunty. Hooker. 

2. Exemption from internliflion or cefia- 

fion. , . ^^^''• 

-i. Something of which there is no end. 
•^ South, 

ToPERPLE'X. V. a, Ip'rphxus, hitm] 

3. To diHurb with douOttul notions ; to 
entangle; to make anxious; toteazewith 
lufpenfe or ambiguity ; to diftraa. 

^ Dryden. 

2. To m?ke intricate ; to involve ; to 
complicate. ^'^^'>- 

- To plague; to torment; to vex. 

PERPLE'X. a. [pef-pley, ¥r. perph^c.s, 

Lat.] Intricate; difhcult. Gian-vUle. 
PERPLE'XEDLY. ad. [ from perplexed. ] 

intricately ; with involution. 
PERPL-E'XEDNESS. j. [ from perplexed, ] 

J Embaraflment ; anxiety. 

a! Intricacy j iavolation^ 4JfScuUy. 


^ERPLE'XirV. /. \perp:cxue\^i.^ 

1. Anxiety; dillraaion of mind, i^penf^r, 

2. Entanglement ; intricacy. Sul/inrfi-e-'. 
PERPOTA'TION. /. [;,,. 3nd />'.ro, Lat.] 

Theaa of or»rik ng largely. 

PE RQUISn E. /, Ipsr^uijiius, Lat.] Some- 
thing gained by a place or office over and 
above the fettied wages. Addi.or. 

PERQUISITION. /. [ pnquifitus, Lat. ] 
An .^ccuratd'cnquiry ; a thorough fearch"t 

PERRY. /. {pQri,Yx. from /.o/W.) Cyder 
made oi pears. Mortimer. 

To PrRSECUTE. -v. a. [ pcrjecuter, f r, 
perjrcutui^ Lat.J 

I. To harrals with penalties ; to perfue 
with malignity. y.^t, 

a. To perlue with repeated afts: of ven- 
geance or enmity. Dryden. 
3. To much. 

PERSECUTION. /, [p.rjecutior,, Fr per- 
JecuttOy Lat.] 
1. The aa or praflice of perfecuiing. 

a- The ftate of being perfecuted. Strait. 

PE'RSECUIOR. /. \perjauteur, Fr. from 
perfecute, ] One who harrafles others with 
continued malignity, Milton. 

PERSEVERANCE. /. [ perfeierance^Yx, 
perjeverantia^ Lat. j Perfiflence in any 
defign or atttmpt ; Iteadinefs in purfuits ; 
conllancy in progrefs. Kirg Charles, 

PERSEVE'RANT, a. [ perfcverant, Fr, 
perfeverans, Lat.J Perfilling ; conftant. 

To PERSE VE'RE. i: n. [perfefero, Lat.J 
To perlilt in an attempt ; not to give 
over ; not to quit the defign. PFake. 

PERSEVE'RINGLY. ad. [U om perjcv ere,] 
With perfcverance. 

To PERSl'ST. -v. n. {p^rjijlo, Ln. per- 
fijier, Fr.] To pcrfevcrej to continue 
firm ; not to give over. South, 

PERSl'STANCE. 7 . r. ^ ..n , 

PERSrSTENCY. ^ /' T^^om /^.r/7/?.] 

J. The Itateot peifi.ling; ftcadincfs ; con- 
llancy ; perfcverance in good or bad. 

Covervrnent of the TorguCt 
Sty Obflinacy j obduracy ; contumacy. 


PERSl'STIVE. a. [from fe-fift ] Steady ; 

not receding from a purpufc ; perfevcrjng, 


PE'RSON. /. [perfonm, Fr. perjona, Lat.] 

1. Individual or particular man or womatf. 


2. Man or woman cunfidcrcd as oppofed to 
things. Spratt. 

3. Human Being. Drydett. 

4. Man or woman confidered as prelent, 
afiing or fuffering. Sbakcjpeare^ 

5. A general looie term for a human be- 
ing, Clarijs, 

4. One's 


5. One's ftlf ; not a represent Jilve, Dry. 

7. Rxteriour appearance. i>hakeff>care» 

8. Man or woman reptcfentcd in a rttli- 
t!ous dialogue. B3ker, 
q. ChiT?€ttT. Hjy-cvard, 
to. Chjra£ter of officr, Houtb. 
II. [In grammar,] The quality of the 
iioun that mod I ties the verb Sidr.ey, 

PERSONABLE, a. [from f'tr/on.'] 

I. Hind (bine J graceful; of good appear- 
ance. Raieigh, 
z. [Iilaw.] Or>e that may maintain any 
pie* in A iudicial court. 

PERSO NAGE./. [ferjonogf, F.'.] 

I. A coniiderable pclon j man or woman 
ofeminence* iiidney, 

Z. Ettciiour appearance j air j ftaturc. 

3. Charafter a/Tumed. Addijcn. 

^. Ch^'t€tzt rcprefented. Broome. 

PERSONAL, a. [perjlae/, Fr. terjloahs, 

I. Beiopgmg to men or women, not to 
things i n.'t real. Hooker, 

7.. Aft',£ting individuals or particular peo- 
pk j peculiar j proper to him or her ; re- 
lating to one's private actions or character. 

3. Prefent j not afting by reprefentative. 


4. Exteriour ; corporal. Addijon, 

5. [ In law. ] Something moveable j 
fomething appendant to the perfon. Da, 

6. [In gram.msr, ] A perfonal verb is 
that which has all the regular modifica- 
tion of the three pcrfons j oppofcd to im- 
perfonal that has only the third. 

PERSON'.VLITY. /. [t':om perfonal.'] The 
'xiftence or individuality of any one. Loc^ 

PLRSON'ALLY. ad. [ixotn ferjoeal.] 
r. In pcflon j in prefence j not by repre- 
fentative. Hooker, 
a. With refpe£l to an individual j parti- 
cularly. Bacon, 
3. With regard to numerical exiftencc. Ro. 

Tu PE'R^ ON ATE. v. a. [ from perjona, 

1. To reprefent by 3 fictitious or afTumgd 
charaifter, fo as to pafs for the perfoq re- 
prefented. Bjcon, 

z. To reprefent by adion or appearance j 
to A&. Crajbaiu. 

3. To pretend hypocritically, with the ri- 
oprocal pronoun. Szvijt. 

4 To counterfeit j to feign. Hammor.d. 

5. To refcnible. Sbakefpeare. 

6. To make a reprefentative of, as in 
plflure. Outofufe. Sbakejpeare. 

7. To defcribe. Outofufe. Soakijpeare. 
PERSONATION. /. [ from ptrfonau. ] 

Counterfeiting of another perfon. Bacon. 

PERSONIFICATION. /. [from perfsnify.] 

Profopopcfia 5 the change of things to per. 

fonsv Milton, 


To PERSONIFY, n;. a. [kom ptrfon.] To 
change from a thing to a pcrlon. 

PE'RSPECTIVE. /. IpcrfptSiiJ, Fr. ptr- 
jpuio, Lat.J 

1. A glals through which things are viev^- 
e<l- Temple, 
z. The fcience by wbich things are ranged 
in pitflure, according to their aj-pearanca 
in their real fituauon. .^ddt on, 
3. View • vifto, Drydr, 

PE KSPECTIVE. a. Relating to the fcicnce 

of vifjon J optick 5 ootical. Bjccc, 

PERSPICACIOUS, a.' [ per'pUax, Lat. ] 

QuTkfigh'ed ; /harp of fight. Ho-.tb, 

PERSPICA'CIOUSNE^S. /. [ frcm />.ry^r- 

cacioui. ] Qnyrknefs of fight. Broun. 
PERSPiCA'ClTY. /. [/>-^rj>;V-c..'/,Fr<-nch.] 

Q^jjcknefs of fight. Broivn, 

PERSPI'CIENCE. /. [ perfp-ciens, Latin. J 

The a;t of looking fh^rply. 
PER >PIC!L. /. [per!p:cdium, Latin] A 

giafs thrtu^h which ihmgs are vjtwed ; 

an optick claf.^ Crafraiv. 

PERSPICU'ITY: /. [pcr/pUuii/, Fr.from 

perfficuous. ] 

X. Clearnefi to the mind ; eafinefs to be 

uoderilood j freedom from obfcurity cr 

ambiguity. Locke, 

2. Tranfparency j tranfiucency j diapha- 
neitv. Br«icr., 

PERSiTCUOUS. a. [prrfplcuus, Lat.] 

1. Tranfparenci clear; fuch as may b« 
fcen through. Peacbam, 

2. Clear to the underftanding j not ob- 
fcure ; nr»t ambiguous. ISbak.'peare. Spratt, 

PERSPI'CUOUSLY. ad. [from p:rfpicu. 
cz/i.] Clearly ; net obfcurely. Bacon, 

PERSPI'CUOUSNESS. /. [Uom perf^ku- 
oaj.] Clearnefs j freedom from obfcu- 

PERSPI'RABLE. a. [from perfpire.] 

1. Such as may be emitted by the cuticu- 
lar pores. ' Brown, 

z. Perfpiring ; emitting perfpiration. Bac, 

PERSPIRATION./, [fr.^m perfprre.} Ex- 
cretion fay the cuticuiar }^oxq%'. Arbutbnot, 

PERSPl'RATIVE. a. [from perfpire.] Per- 
forming the afl of perfpiration. 

To PERbPl'RE. -v. n. [perfpiro, Lat.] 
I. Ti> perform excretion by the c'uticular 
z. To be excreted by the fkin, Arhutbnc*, 

To PERSTRl'XGE. 'v. a. [per/, 


To graze upon ; to glar.ce upon. Di&. 

PERSUA'DABLBE. a. [ from perjuade. j 

Such as mav be perfuaced. 
To PERSUA'DE. -v. a [ perfuadio. Lit. ] 

I. To briijg to any particular opinion. 

z. To inftuence by argument or expcftu- 
lation. Ftrfuajion feems rather appitcabic 
to the paflions, ana arg-jvunc to the rea- 
Iba J but this is not always o&ferved, Sid. 

3- T* 


g. To Inculcate by argument orexprftula- 

tion. Taylor. 

4. To treat by perfuafion. Shakefpeare. 

PERSUA'DER. /. [from ferjuade.] One 
who influences by perfuafion j an impor- 
tunate advifer. Bacon. 

PERSUA'SIBLE. «. [pcrfuafibilis^h^t. per- 
JuaJibUf Pr,] To be influenced by per- 
fuaiion. Go'vernment of the Torgue. 

PERSUA'SIBLENESS./. [from p£rjuajible:\ 
The quality of being llexible by perfuafion. 

PERSUA'SION. /. [ perfuafion, Fr, from 
perfuafuiy Lat.] 

Jt. The adl: of perfuading ; the a£t of in- 
fluencing by expoftulation ; the a£l of 
gaining or attempting the paifions. Otiuay. 
a. The ftate of being pAfuaded j opinion. 
Sbakefptay e, 

PERSUA'SIVE. a. [perjuafif, Fr. from 
perfuade.'j Having the power of perfuad- 
ing 3 having influence on the paflions. 


PERSUA'SIVELY. ad. [from perfuafiw.] 
In fuch a manner as to perfuade. Milton, 

PERSUA'SIVENESS. /. [from perfu^ffve.] 
Influence on the paflions. Hammond. 

PERSUA'SORY. a. [ perfuaforius, Latin, 
from perfuade, ] Having the power to 
perfuade. Broivn. 

PERT. a. [pert, Welfli.] 

1. Lively J bnik j fmart. Milton. 

2. Saucy J petulant} with bold and gar- 
rulous loquacity. Collier, 

To PERTA'IN. -y. ». [pertineo, Ut.] To 
belong ; to relate. Hoyivard. Peacham, 

PERTEREBRA'TION. /. [per and tere- 
bratio, Lat. J The aft of boring through. 

PERTINA'CIOUS. a. [ixompertinax.'] 

1. Obltinate j ftubborn j perverfcly refo- 
lute. JVakon. 

2. Rcfolute ; conftant ; fteady. South. 
PERTINA'CIOUSLY. ad. [ from pertir.a- 

fzoa;,J Obfl^inately ; ftubbornly. 

Kir.g Charles. Tillotfon. 
PERTINA'CITY. 7 /. [pertinacia, 

PERTlNA'CiOUSNESS, 5 Lat. from per- 

1. Obftinacy ; ftubbornnefs. Broivn, 

2. Refolution j conftancy. 
PE'RTINACY. /. [from pertinax.'\ 

1. Obftinacy j ftubbornnefs j perfiftcncy. 
a. Refolution; fteadinefsj conftancy. 


PE'RTINENCE. 7 / [from pcrtineo, Lar, j 

PE'RTINENCY. J Juftnefs of relation to 

the matter in hand 3 propriety to the pur- 

pofe ; appofitf ncfs. Bent ley. 

PE'RTINENT. a. [pertinem, Lat. perti- 

nenty Fr.] 

I. Related to the matter in hand 3 juft to 
the purpofe } not uf^lefs to the end propof- 
ed j appyfjt^, Jbactn, 


i. Relating,* regarding j concerning; 

PE'RTINENTLY. ad. [ from pertinent. } 

Appofiteiy J CO the purpofe^ Taylor, 

PE'RTINEN INESS. /. [from pertinent.] 

Appofitenefs. Did. 

PERTJ'NGENT. a. [ pertingens, Latin*] 

Reaching co j touching. 
PE'RTLY. ad. [\rompert.] 

1. Briikly J fmartly. Popei, 

2. Saucily j petulantly. Siviftt 
FE'RTNESS. /. [from pert,] 

1, Brifk folly 3 faucinefs j petulance. 


2. Petty livelincfs 3 fpritelinefs without 
force. JVatts. 

PERTRA'NSIENT. a. [pertranfiens, Lat.] 
Palling over. DiB, 

To PERTURB. 7 'v. a. [perturbo, 


1. To diiquitt 3 10 difturb 5 to deprive of 
tranquility. Sandys. 

2. To diiorder 5 to confufe 3 to put out 
of regularity. Broivn, 

PERTURBA'TION. /. [perturbdtio, Lat.] 

1. Difquiet of mind 3 deprivation of tran- 
quility. Ray, 

2. Reftleflnefs of paflions. Bacon, 

3. Diflurbance 3 diforder j confufion * 
commotion. Bacon, 

4. Caufe of difquiet. Shakefpeare. 

5. Commotion of paflions. Ben. "Johnfon, 
PERTURB A' rOUR. /. {perturbator , Lat.] 

Raifer of commotions. 
PERTU'SED. a. [pertufus, Lat.] Bored j 

punched ; piercea with holee. 
PERTU'SION. /. [from p^rtufus, Lat.] 

1. The adt of piercing or punching. 

• ylrbutbnot, 

2. Hole made by punching or 

To PERVA'DE. t/. a. [pervado, Lar.] 

1. To pafs through an aperture 5 to per- 
meate. BLchnore^ 

2. To pafs through the whole cxtenhon. 

PERVA'SION. /. [from pervade.] The 
adl of pervading or pafling through 

PE'RVERSE. a. [per-vers, Fr. perverfut, 

1. Diftorted from the right. Milton, 

2. ObHinate in the wrongs ftubborn ; un- 
traftable. Dtyden, 
3 Pc.ulant 3 vexatious. Shakefpeare, 

PLRVL'RSELY. ad. [fromper-ve.f.] With 

intent to vex j peevifhly 3 vexatioufly j 

fpitefully 3 rrofsly. Decay of Piety, 

PERVt'RSEN£,.>)S. /. [from per-verje.] 

1 Petulance 3 peevilhnefs 3 fpiteful crolT- 

neis. Donne, 

z, Perver^on 5 corruption, Not in ufe. 




PERV£'RSIO^J. /.[perv.rfion, Fr. from 
fcrvcrJ£.\ Theact of -pqr "crting J ch^n.e 
to worfe. ^tvift, 

PE.IVE IISITY. f. [per-ver/u/, Fr. from 
p<r-vtrje.j Pervcrlenef:. J croirriefs. 


To PERVE'RT. i: a. {pir-vetto^ Lit.] 

1. Tj diftort fiom the true end or purpoff, 


2. To corrupt ; to turn from the righr. 

PERVr.'RTF.R. /. [from per-vcrt.'] 

1. On- thit changes an) thing from good 
to bid J a corrupter. Houtb. 

2. One who difturts any thing from the 
right purpoO. Sti/ltnfJJ-'et. 

PERVERTIBLE, a. [fiom pervert.] I'h it 
may btf eofiiy perverted. Ainjzvorth. 

PERVICA'CfOUS. a. [p-r-vicr.x. Latin. j 
SpitetuiJy obltinate j petviihly con'umici- 
ous. ClarijJ'a, 

PERVICA'CIOUsLY. ad. [from pervica- 
c:-jus. j With f^ueful obliinacv. 

PERVICA'CIOUSNESS. l /. [p^vicact'a, 

PE'lVlCA'virV. > Lit. j Spite- 

PERVICA'CY. J fd obftinacy. 

PE'RVIOUS a. [per-jius, Lar.j 

1. Admitting pafftge j capable of being 
permeated. Taylor. 

2. Pervnding ; permeating. Prior. 
PE'RVIOUSNESS./. [fiorn psr'vious.]QnA- 

litv of admit ing a paflage. Boyle, 

PER'U'K.E. / [ peruquf, Fr. ] A cap of 

falfe hair ; a periwig. Pf^'iffman. 

To PERU'KE. -v. a. [from the noun.] To 

drcfs in adfcititious hair. 
PERU'KEMAKER. /. [peruke zni maker.] 

A maker of perukes j a w gmaker. 
PERU SAL. /. [from perufe.] The ail of 

re^dina. yJtterbury, 

To PERU'SE. -v. a. [per and ufe.] 

1. To I cad. Bacon. 

2. To cbierve j to exa.Tiine. Shjkefpea<e. 
PERU'SER. /. [rrom perufe.] A reader j 

examiner, IVoodiuard, 

PESA Dh. /. A motion a horfe makes. 

Farrier^ DiB, 

PE'SSARY. /. [pejfarie, Fr.] Is an ob- 

Jong form of medicine, made to thruft up 

into the uterus upjn fome extraordinary 

occalicns. Arbutbnot. 

PEST. /. [pep, Fr. pefiis, Lat ] 

1. Plague J pcftilence. Pcpe. 

2, Any thing mifchievous or deflruftive. 

To PE STER. 'V. a. [pefler, Fr.] 

1. To diflurb j to perplex i to harrafs ; 
to tuimoiL Sivift. 

2. Ti) encumber. Mi. ton. 
PL'STERER. /. [from pe/ier.] One that 

pcfters or difturbs. 

PESTEROUS. a. [{rom pe^r.] Encum- 
bering j cumb«rfomc. Bacon. 

PEST HOUSE. /. [from p:Ji and houfe.] An 


h-ifp'tiJ for perfans infcftcd with the 
PESITFFROUS. a. [from pe/li/er, Utm.] 

1. Dfdrudive ; mifchicvous. Sbakejpeare, 

2. P;;Uileniial j malignant ; infeflious. 

PE'STILENCE. [pejlilevce, Fr. p'p.ler.tia, 

Lat. j Pligii^ J pert J contagious diftemper, 


PL'STILEN r. a. [ peftilent, Fr. p-Jhiens, 


1. Pro iiicing pi 'gurs ; malignant, Bertky, 

z. Mil'f hievfiis J deftrtiflive. KnoUes. 

PESTlLE NTIAL. a. [p-.jitlciuicl, French ; 

P'ftiUm, Lit.] 

1. Partaking of the nature of peftilencc ; 
producing pe'lilence j infe£lious j conta- 
gious. Woodivard, 

2. Mifchievous i deflructive j pernicious. 

PE'STILENTLY. ad. [from pejlilent.] Mif- 

chitvouiJy ^ deltni(ft-ively. 
PESTILLA'TION. / [pijliHum, Lat.] The 
a£l of pounding wr brcaKing m a mortar. 


PESTLE. /. [p-ftilhm, Lat.] An inftru- 

raent Wich wiiich any thing is broken in a 

mortar. Loch, 

PESTLE of Perk, f, A gammon cf bacon, 


PET. /. [defpit, Fr.] 

1. A flight paffion j a flight fit of anger. 

Mi Iron. 

2. A lamb taken into the houfe, and 
brought up by hand. Hanm.r, 

PETAL, f. [pet.iium, Lat.] Petal is a. 
term in botany, fignifying ihole fine colour- 
ed leaves that coi.-^ofe the rtcwers of all 
plants. S!uincy. 

PETA'LOUS. a. [from /^m/.] Having petals. 

PETAR. ? f. [pttard, French 'j petardo, 

PE'TARD. 5 Italan.] An engine of me- 
tal, almoii in the fh^pe of an hat, about 
feven inches deep, and about five inches 
over at the mouth ; when charged with 
fine powder v/ell beaten, it is covered with 
a m.idrier or plank, bound down faft with 
ropes, running through handles, which 
are round the rim near the mouth of it : 
this pstnrd is applit^d to gates or barriers of 
fuch places as are defigned to be furprized, 
to blow thtm up. Military D Ei. Iludibras. 

PETECHIAL, a [from fetecbia-, Latin.] 
Pefti!entijily f^)otted. Arbuthnot, 

PETER- WORT. /. This plant differs 
from St. John'f-wort. Miller. 

PE'lTT. a. [French] Small} inconfidfr- 
able. South. 

PETITION. /. ^p;titio, Lat.] 

1. Requeft J intrcaty j fupplication ; pray- 
er. Hosier, 

2. Single branch or article of a prayer. 

4 X Ta 


To PETI'TION. V. a. [from the noun.] 

To folicife ; to fuppUcate. Addifon. 

PETI'TIOMARILY. ad. [hom pet it hn a ry.'\ 

By way of begging the queftion. Bro-wn, 

PETI'TIONAKY. a. [Uom petition.) 

I. Supplicatory} coming with petitions. 

" Shikefpeare, 

7., Confaininsj prtitionsor requerts. S'loift. 
PETITIONER. /. [from petition.] One 
who offers a pctitorj. 'South. 

PETl'TORY. a. [petitorius, Lat. pttiioire, 
Fr.] Petitioning j claiming the property 
of any thing. Ainjiv.rth, 

PE'TRE. /. [from /?rr^, a ftone.] Nit.-ej 
fait pet re. Boyle. 

PETRE'SCENT. <». [ pctrefcens, Lat. ] 
Growing Oone ; becoming (lone. Boy/e. 
PETRIFA'CriON. /. [from /^t//-,/ .', Lu.J 
I. The ad of tiiMiing to ftone j the ftaie 
of bemg turned to ftone. Broivn. 

%. That which is made ftone. Cheyne. 
PETRrFACTIVE.d.[from pttnfacio, Lat.] 
Having the power to form Itone. Broicn. 
PETRIFICATION. /. [ petrification, Fr. 
from pitrify,] A b'.dy formed by chang- 
ing other matter to ftonp. Boyle. 
PETRIFICK. a. [petrificus, Lat.] Having 
the power to change to ftone. Milton. 
To PE'TRIFY. v.a. [ pefrfi'?r, Fr. petra 
and fio, Lat. j To change to ftone. 

To PE'TRIFY. V. n. To become ftone. 

PETRO'L. 7 /. [ petrol', French. ] 

PETRO'LEUM. S A liquid bitumen, 
black, floatmg on the water of fprmgs. 

PE'TRONEL. /. [petrinaU F^] A piftol j 
a fmall gun uicd by a horfcman. 

PETTICOAT. /. [petit and coat.] The 
lower part of a wom^m's drefs. Suckling, 
PETTIFO'GGER. /. [corrupted from pet. 
tivogutr 5 petit and rvogucr, Fiench.] A 
petty im<)ll-rate Liwyer. iiivifc. 

PETTINESS./. [from^^^O'O Smallncls ; 
Iittlenefs j incoahderableuefs ; unimpor- 
tance. Sbakejpeaie, 
PETTISH, a. [itompd.'] Fretful ; pee- 
vifti. Creub. 
PETTI'SHNES^. /. [Uom pettip.] Fret 

fulnefs J peevilhncls. 


PETTITOES. /. [petty and toe.] 

I. The feet of a fucking pig. 

a. Feet in contempt. Shahefpeare, 

VE'tTO. [ j The hresft j ligura- 

tive by privacy. 
PETTY, a. Ip tit, Fr.] Small ; inconfi- 

derable ; infcnourj little. StilUt^^fiect. 
PETTCOY. /. An herb. 
PETULANCE. ? /. [fetu'a-^ce, Tt.petu- 
PE'TULANCY. i /u/7/M, Lat.j Saucinefs j 

P H A 

peeviftinefs j wantonneff. Clarryidon. 

PE'IULANT. a. [peiulum, L-\t. petulant, 

1. Saucy; perverfc. JVatts. 

2. Wantoni Sp^i'tator. 
PETULANTLY, ad. [ from p^itulant. ] 

With petulance ; with faucy pcrtnefs. 
PEW. /. [puyey Dutch.] A feat inclofed in 

a church. ^ddi on, 

PE'WET. /. [pie-wit, Dutch.] 

1 . A water Jowl. Careio, 

2. The lapwing. 
PE;WTER. /. [peauter, Dtttch ] 

1. A compound of metals j an artificial 
metal. Bacon, 

2. The plates and diihes in a houfe. 


PEWTER ER. /. [ from p'.-wter, J A 
fmith who works in pewter. Boyle, 

PH.ENOMENON. /. This has fomecimes 
fbcur.omena in the plural. [^ii4'.o^,£vov.] Aa 
appearance in the works of nature. 


PHAGEDE'NA. /: [-t^xyi^anva. -, ixom^iyw, 
tdo, to eat.] An ulcer, where the iTiarp- 
ne(s of the humours eats awjy the ftefh. 

PHAGEDE'NICK. 7 a. [phagedouaue, 

PHAGEDE'NOUS. J Fr.] Eatirg j cor- 
roding. TVijemav, 

FHA'LANX. /. [phalarx, Ln.] A troop 
of men cioTely embodied. Pope, 

PK ANTA'SM. 7 /. [<pcivla.s-fji,a, ^pu'^lag-Ui 

PHANTA'SMA. £ phantafme, phantajie, 
Fr. j Vain and airy appearance j fome- 
thing appearing only to imagination. 


PHANTA'STICAL.7 See Fantasti- 

PHANTA'.^TICK. J cal. 

PHA'NTO.VT. /. [pb-jntoifie, Fr.] 

1. A fpedlre J an apparition. Atterhury, 

2, A fancied vifion. Rogers, 
PHARISAICAL, a. [from phanjee] Ri- 
tual J externally-religious, fi ..m the feci 
of the Pharifees, whofe leligion confifted 
almoft vvhoily in ceremonies. Bacon. 

PHARMACE'UTICAL 7 a. l<pa^fxanBvli. 

PHARMACE'UTICK. I xoj, from '<pa^- 
fji.a-A.ivo:. I Relating to tne knowledge or 
art of phaimacy, or preparation of me- 

PHARMACOLOGIST. /. [^^^axcy and 
7^iyM,] One who writes upon flrugs. 


PHARMACO'LOGY. /. [ -floj^a^cv and 
Xiyoo.] The knowledge of drugs and me- 

PHARMACOPOEI'A. /. [ <bd^iuaxov ?nd 
iTonw.] A diTpenfatory ; a book contain- 
ing rules for the compofition of medicines. '' 

PHARMACO'POLIST. /. [ <pd^fxa: ov and 
7ro^£w.] An apothecary J one who ftUs 
medicines, j 

PHA'R- , j 

P H I 

PHA'xRMACY. /. [from ^'-.'.ua^ssv.] The 
irt or pra£l ce of preparing medicines j the 
trade of an a£Othecary. Garth, 

FHA'ROS 7 /. [ U^mf.barot in Egypt. J 

PHARE. ^ A light-houf: ; a lanternff'^m 
the /h re to diredt fjilois. Arbutb'^ot. 

PHARVNCO TOMV. /. {^i^vy^ and te. 
/tcvw.J Tiie ad of making an incifion.into 
the wind- pipe, ufed when fome tumour 
in the throat hinders refpiration. 

PHA'SELS. /. [fLjJeoli, Latin.) French 
beans. Ainhvortb, 

PHA'oI^. /. In the plural pbafei, ( ^j^ac-jf j 
fhaj'ey Fr.j Appearance exhibited by any 
body J as the changes of the moon. 


PHASM. /. [4>a5-,a«,] Appearance; phan- 
tom ; fjncicd apparition. Hammcnd, 

PH£ AS ANT. /. [pbafianus.'^ A kind of 
vii'd cock. P(p^, 

Pr-iEER. f. A companion. See Fees, 

ToPHEE'SE. '^'. ^. [ to/fiR^.] To 
C' mb ^ to fleece j to curry, iibakejpiare. 

PHENl'COPTER. /. [ *:.v.xoV7ej(^-. ] A 
kind of bird. Huktiviil. 

PHE'NIX. /. l>:ivi^] The bird wiach is 
I'uppufed to cxift hngle, and to rife again 
from its own afhes. Milton, 

PHENOMENON./. [<;>a;'vc.u£»5v j pheno. 
merCy Fr. it is therefore often written ^i)^- 
wcm.o:.] ^ 

1. Appearance; vifb'e quality. Burnet, 

2. Any thing that l^rikes by any new ap- 

PHl'AL. /. [pliula, Lat. fblCle, Fr.] A! bottle. Neivtcn. 

PHILA'NrHROPy. /. [4)iX£a) and av&^a,- 
•no;.'\ Love of mankind; goodnature. 


PHILl'PPICK, a. [from the inveftives of 
D--moftiienes againft Pbtlip of Macedon.J 
A:-.y inveftive declamation. 

PHIL'o LOGER. / {^iMhoyo;.} One whofe 
cljief lludy u language 3 a gtiSWimarian j a 
tritick. Spratt, 

PHILO'LOGICAL. a. [ from /i)//W>?j . J 
Critical ; granr.matical. Wattt. 

PHILO'LOGIST. /. [<^iKQKoyoq,'\ A critick ; 
a graninr.arian. 

PHILO'LOGY. /. [ 4^iKor.oyU ; pbilo'cgie, 
Fi.j Criticiinij gramniatical iearnirg. 

PHI'LOMEL. 7 /. { from Philomela^ 

PHILOME'LA. J changed into a bird.] 
The nightingale, ^bakfpfate, 

PHl'i.O.'VlOr. a. [ corrupted from /ett/y/^ 
morte, a dead leaf.] Cjloured like a dead 
leaf. Add if on, 

PHILO'SOPHEME./. r<J>«Xoo-o>|ua.] Prin- 
ciple of reaf..ning ; theorem. i^yaiti. 

PHILO SOPHER. /. [philojophus, Lat. J A 
man deep in knowledge, either moral or 
natural. Hooker, 

P H L 

PHILOSOPHERS /lone. f. A rtonedrMm- 

ed of by alchcmiiJs, which, by its touch, 

converth bafe metals into gold. 

PHILO.^OPHICK. 7^,,, ,, .. ^ 1 

PHL.OSUTHIUAL. 5 ^•\P^'<>fop'yque,'9:.^ 

1. Belonging to philufophy j fuitable to a 
philofopher. Milton, 

2. Skilled in philofcphy, Shakefpeare. 
3 Frugal ; abftcmious. D'-yden. 

PHILOSO'PHICAI.LY. ad. [ftem pfih/b- 
piicuJ.j In a phiivfophicalmanncr ; rati- 
onallv ; wjfcly. Bdnt/ey. 

To PHILOSOPHIZE, tj. a. [(rem phi /o- 
Jopf.'j. ] To play the philofupher ; lo rea- 
l^n 1 ke a phi.'ofopher. L^Eftranae, 

PHl'LOSOPHY. /. Iphi/jjcphia, Lat.J 

1. Knowledge natural oi moral. 


2. Hypothcfjs or fydem upon which na- 
tural efttds are explained. Locke, 

3. Reafoning ; argumi ntation, Rocrers. 

4. The cour.e of fcicnces read in the 

PHl'LTER. /. [<pl>'],cv i philtre, Fr.] Some, 
thing t ) caufe love. Dyden, 

To PHl'LTER. -v. a. [from the noun J To 
charm to love. Government of the Tongue, 

PHIZ. /. [A r.diculous cuntiadion from 
phy/iogtiomy.] The f-ice. Stepney, 

PHLEBO/rOMlST. /. [from fX,-^ and 
r-fx\x.] One ihat cpens a vein j a blood- 

To PHLEBOTOMIZE. 1; a. [pblebotomi. 
fer,¥r.] Toletbiood.' Hoivel. 

PHLEBO'TO.Viy. /. [<^\t3orcfjnx,^ Blood- 
letting J the afl or pradicc of opening a 
vein for medical intentions. Brcivn, 

PHLEGM. /. [<p\cyij,c.] 

J. The watry humour cf the b.-dy, which, 
when it predominates, is fuppofed to pro- 
duce nuggininefs or dulnefs. Rojcommon , 
2. Water. Boyle. 

PHLE'GMAGOGUES. /. [ <^Kiyfxc, and 
ayo}.] A purge of the miker lorr, fup- 
pofed to evacuate phlegm and leave the 
other humnurs. Plover 

PHLEGM A' nCK. a, [■:f\iyfxa''a-^k.-] 

1. Abounding in phlegm. Arbuthnot, 

2. Generat,ng phlegm. Brown, 
3* Watry. Nfivton, 
4. Dall ; cold ; frigid. Southern. 

FHLE'GMON, f. [<p\iyf^ov^.] An inflam- 
rjatiun j a burning tumour. t'lijeman, 

PHLE'GMONOUS. ^. [from phlegmon.] 
Inflammatory ; burnirg. Hartrey. 

PHLEME. /. [from pthbotomut, Lat.] An 
inflrument which is placed on the vein 
and driven into it with a blow. 

PHLOGi'STON. /. [<i>>.oyiTl;,fTom<p\Ey<u.] 

1. A chemical liquour cxcremely inflam- 

2. The inflammable part of any body. 

4X2 PHO'. 


FHO'NICKS. /. [from 4>i;v'?.] The doc 
trine of f>)unds. 

PHONOCAMPTICK. a. i;*«v>; 3ndxa,a7r- 
'Ja;,] Having the power to inflea or turn 
the found, and by tha^ toaiter it. Derbam. 

1. The morr-in^ flar. P(pf. 

2. A chemical fublUnce whi.h, exp:ifed to 
the air, takes fi-e. Cbeyne. 

PHRASE./, [t^a^i?.] 

I. An idiom j a mode of fpeech peculiar to 

a language. 

a. An expreflion j a mode of fpeech, 


3. Stile } expreflion. Shakefpearr, 
To PHRASE, V. a. [from the noun. J To 

ftile ; to cjill ; to term. ' Shaktjpeare. 

PHRASEO'LOGY. /. [<}>,-^V:j and Aej^w] 
I. Stile J diarion. Siutft. 

2,. A phrafe bnok. 

PKRENi'TlS. /. [tjsvinc.] Madnef?. 


PHRENE'TICK. 7 a. [<j^^^£v>:1i>'.o? ; plrenc- 

FHRE'NTICK, 5 /:f«/f, French.] Mad ; 
inflamed in the brain 5 frantick. T^^oodiv, 

PHRE NSV. j. [from <J>5=vt'rt? ; phrtnefie, 
French ] M'iidneVs ; franticknefs. Milton, 

PHTHl'SiCAL. a. [<pSr;:r<y.cj.] WafHng. 


PHTHI'SICK. /. [t&''',^] A confamption. 

Harvey » 

PHTHI'SIS. /. [<}>^i<rij.] A ccnfunr-.ption. 


PHYLA'CTERY. /• t>:;X«xl:f;o';.] A ban- 
dage on which was iincribed iurrje memo- 
rable fentence. Ilarr.m'.nd. 

PHY'SICAL. a. [hom phyfich.-] 

1. Relating to nature or to nati..ral philofn- 
phyj not moral. Hammond, 

2. Pertain ng to the fcience of healing. 

3. Mcdicinilj helpful to health. Shakefp, 

4. R«fc;rnbling phjfick. 
PHY'SiCALLY, ad. [i r om phyf call Ac 

cording to nature j by natural operation ; 

not morally. StiiUn^fi-et. 

PHYSrClAN. /. [phyftciev.Tx. from phy- 

Jick.\ One who profcffes the artof healing. 

FHY'SICK. /. [<});r:M):.] The fcience of 

2. Medicines ; remedies. Hooker. 

3. j In common phrafe.] A purge. 

To PHY'^ICK 'u. a. [from the noun.] To 
purge j to treat with pliylkk j to cute. 


PHYSICO'THEOLOCY, /. [from phyfico 
and the^ogw] Divinity enforced or iiluf- 
trated bv natural philufophy. 

PHYSIO'GNOMER. 7 /. [from phyfio- 

PHYSIO'GNGIVIIST. 5 gnomy.] One who 
3 idges of the tamper or tuturc fortune by 
tilt fealurcE hi the Uce, Beachcm, 

P I C 

7 a. \<^'j<T^ 

\ Vl>CCf. 

PHYSIOGNO'MICK. la. L<})ycrJoy &V^e- 
PHYSIOGNO'MONICK. \ vi>cc?.] Drawn 
from the contemplation ot the face ; con- 
verfant id crntt-mpiation of the face. 
PHY-IO'GNOMY. /. [<|pyrto;,v«ucvr^.] 

1. The art "f difcovering the temper, 
and foreknowing the fortune by the (ea- 
tures of the face. Bacon, 

2. The face j the caft of the look. ai. 

PHYSIO'LOGICAL. a. {hf^rts fh^jfio rgy .^ 
ReJatng to the dodrine of the natural 
conliituiion of things. B:y!e, 

PHYSIO'LOGIST. /. [(xom phyfio!ogy:\ A 
writer of natural obilofophy, 

PHYSIOLOGY. /. [4.uV;j and >,H>a,-.j T!->e 
doih-ine of the coijfluuti n of the works 
of nature. Bcr.tiey, 

PHYSY. /. The fame v/vhfufee, 

PHYTIVOROUS. a. { <^SUv -^M 'voro.] 
That ears grafs or any vegerabie. Ray, 

PHYTO'GRAPHY. /. L<j,J^iy anJ y^a>a;. J' 
A defcripMon or pia'^ts. 

PHY'TOLOGY /. [<sj;av and ?.£>&;.] The 
dii£lrine of plants; botanical difcourl'e. 

PI'ACLE. f. [piaculuni, Latin,] An enor- 
mous crime. Hozuel. 

PL^'CULAR. 7 a. [piacularis, piaculuiT?, 

PIA'CULOUS. 5 Latin] 

1. Expiatory; having the power to atone. 

2. Such as requires expiation. Broion, 

3. Criminal ; attrocioufly bad. Giar.'vilte. 
PIAMATER. /. [Latin.] A thin nd de- 

Jicate membrane, which lies under the du- 
ra mater, and covers immediately the fub- 
flance of the brain. 
Pl'ANET. /. 

1. A bird ; the leder wood- pecker. 

2. The magpie. 
PI'ASTER. /. [piajira, Italian.] An Italian 

coin, about five fliillings lierling m value. 


VIA'ZZA^ f. [Italian.] A walk under a 
roof fup'ported by pillars. Arbuthr.ot, 

PICA. /. Among printers, a particular fize 
of their types or letters. 

PICARO'ON. /. [from ;>/cdr«, Italian.] A 
robber ; a plunflerer. Temple, 

PI'CCAGE. /. [/iiVc^|;/ttffj, low Latin.] Mo- 
ney paid at fairs for breaking ground for 

To PICK. 'V. a. Ipicken, Dutch.] 

1. To cull j to chufe j to fdctt j to glean. 

2. To take up; to gather ; to find induf- 
trioufly. Bacon. 

3. To fcparate from any thing ufelefs or 
noxious, by gleaning cut cither part. 


4. To clean, by gathering iff gradually any 
thing adhering. More, 

5' l^i 

P I c 

5. [Pi^uer^ Fr.] To pierce ; to (Irike with 
a /liTp imtiumcnt. Ty'iftman. 

6. Taftnke with bil! or be^k ; to peck. 


7. ^ Picare, Italian ] To roh. Siak.fp. 

8. To open a lock by a p')intcd inftrunicnt. 


9. To Pick a hole in cne''i coat. A pto- 
verbia: exprcflion tor one finding fault wilh 

To Vl'C':<^. v.n. 

1. T'l cat flowly and by fmsll morfel?. 


2. To do any thing nicely and leifurtily. 

PICK. f. A Hiarp pointed iron tirl. 


FrCKAPACK. ad. [from pack,] In manner 

of a ra-^k VEjUangc. 

Pl'CKriXE. /. {fkk and /7.r'.] An'axe not 

maui- to cut but pierce j m axe with a fliaip 

po.iit. Milron. 

PI CKBACiC. a. On the b^ck. Hudibras. 

I I'CKED. a. [p:'juel Fr.J Sharp ; frnart. 

To rrCfCEER. -v. a. [ficare, Italian.] 

1. To pirate J to pillage j tu rob. 

2. To make a fly-ng fki-milh. 

Airfivorth. Hudibras, 
PICKER. /. [irompick,] 

1. One who picks or culls. Mortimer, 

2. A pickaxe j an inftrumeqt to pick with. 


PICKEREL, f. Urom pike.] A fa.all pike. 

PICKEREL WEED. /. [irom pik^.] A w.- 

ter plant, from which pikes aie fabled to 

be generated. J-Fa/ton, 

PI'CKLE. /. [p hi, Dutch.] 

i. Any kind of fdit liquour, in which fle/h 
or other fybilance is prcferved. Addijon, 

2. Thing kepi in pickle. 

3. C mdition j ftate. Sbakefpeare. 
PI'CKLE or pightel. /. A fmall paiccl of 

land indofed with a hcdf, which in foniC 
countries is called a p'r.^^t?. Phiiifs. 

To PI'CKLE. vj. a. [from the noun. J 

1. To pieferve in pickle. Dryden. 

2. To feafon or imbue h ghJy with any 
thine bad. 

PI'CKLEHERRING. /. [pichJe zn^berrir,g.] 
A jack- pudding } a merry-andrew j a zany j 
a buffoon. Jddijon. 

Pl'CKLOCK. /. [p-ck and hck.] 

1. An ini^rumenc by which locks are opened. 

4. The perfon who picks locks. 
PI'CKPOCKET. 7 /. \pick and pmket, or 
PICK^URSE. 5 pu'fe] A thief who 

fteais, by putting his hand privately into 
the pocket or purfe. Bentley. 

PICKTOO 7H. /. \p ck and tootb.] An id- 
flrumcnt by which ihe teeth are cleaned. 

P I E 

PICKTHA'NK. f. [lick and tbmk ] An 
oftiioub fellow, who does what ht is not 
drlired. tai'fax. VEft^ange. i>outh. 

ricr. /. [pi^us, Latin.] A piinted perfon. 


PICTORIAL, a. [from pisior, Latin.] Pro- 
duced by a painier. Brown. 

PICTURE. / [piSIura, Litin.] 

1. A refemblance of perfoiis or th'ngs in 
colours. Sbakujpeare, 

2. The fcience of painting. 

3. The works cf painters. Sti'HrgJitet, 

4. Any refemblance 01 rcprefcntation. 

To PI'CTURE. •y. a. [from the noun,] 
I. To paint J to reprefent by painting. 

2- To reprefent. Sper.jer. 

To PI'DDLE. -v. n. 

1. To pick at t^ble; to feed fqueamifhly, 
and without appetite. ^ivift, 

2. To trifie ; to attend to fmall parts ra- 
ther than to the main. 

FIDDLER./, [irovopddle.'] One that eats 

fqueamifhly, and'withv^ut appetite. 

1. Any cruft baked with fomethinp in it. 


2. [Pica, Latin.] A magpie ; a partico- 
lou-ed bird. Sbakelpeare. 

3. The old popi/h fervice book, fo called 
Irom the rubnck. 

4. Cock and pie, was a flight exprffllon in 
Skakeip!ar''s time, of which 1 know not 
the mcaoirg. 

PIEBALD, a. [fromp:V.] Of vaiious co- 
lours j diverfified in colovir, Locke, 

PIECE. /. [piue, Fiench.] 
I. A pitch. 
2 A part of a whole j a fragment, j^Bs. 

3. A part. • Tillotfon. 

4. A picture- Drydfr. 

5. A compofition 5 performance. Addij.r., 

6. A fingle g'eat gun. Kr.olles., 

7. A hand gun. Cbrym. 
8 A coin \ a fingle piece of mcney. Prio-. 

9. In ridicule and contempt: as, iprcceot' 
a iawyer. 

10. y^ Piece. Toesch. More. 
Ti . Of a Piece luitb. L'ke ; of the 
fame fort j united j the fame with the reft, 

To Piece, v. a. [from the noun J 

i. To enlarge by the addition of a piece, 

2. To join ; to unite. 

3. To Piece out. To encreafe by addi- 
tion. Sbakefpeare. 

To PIECE, V. n. [from the noun. J To 

join ; to coalel'ce j 10 be compaden. Bacon, 

PIECER. /. [from pitce.] One thjt pieces. 

PiE'CELESS. a, [ from piece. J Whole ; 

compadl i 


compa^ J not made of feparate picce§, 


PIECEMEAL, ad. [pice and mel, S^x. ] 
J" pieces 5 in fragments. Hi^dihrai. Pope. 

PIECEMEAL. <i. Single; frpargre; divided. 
Gov, of the Tongue. 

PIE'D. a. [from/i/V.] Variegated j partico. 
loured; Drayton. 

PIE'DNESS. /. [iwmpied.] Variegation; 
riiverfuyof colour. Shak fp-are» 

PIE'LED. a. Bald. Shakapeare. 

Pi'Ei'OWDER f<j:/rr. /. [from pied, foot, 
znd pouldre, dufty.j A court held in fairs 
for redrefs of alldiforders committed there- 

PIER. /. I pi erre, French,'] The columns on 
which the arch of a bridge is raifed. Bac, 

To PIERCE, -v. a. {piercer, F I ench.] 

1. To penetrate ; to enter j to force. 


2. To touch the paflions j to aff^-a. 


1. To make way by force. Bacon, 
a. To firike ; to move j to zffe&. ^hak'f, 

3. To enter ; to dive. Sidney. 

4. To afteft fevevelv. Sbakejp;are, 
PIERCER. /. [from /;/>rrf.] 

J. An inftrument that boits or penetrates. 


2. The part with which infers perforate 
bodies. Ray, 

5. One who perforates. 

PIE'RCINGLY. cd. [Uow pierce.] Sharply. 

PJE'RCINGNESS./. [from //m 7-:^.] Pow- 
er of piercing. Drham, 

PI'ETY. /. [p'etas, Lat. piete, French.] 
J. D'fcharge cf duty to God. Peachnm. 
2. Duty to parents or thofe in fuperiour 

PIG. /. [%^^ Dutch.] 

J. A young fow or boar. Fhyr, 

a. An oblong mafs 0/ lead or unforged iron. 

« Pcpe. 

To PIG. f. a, [from the noun.] To farrow j 
I to bring pigs. 

PI'GEON. y. [p^^eon, French,] A fowl bred 
jn a cote or a fmall houfe j in fome places 
called dovecote. Raieigb, 

PI'GEONFOOT. /. An herb. Airjivorth, 

PIGEONLIVERED. a. [pigeon zn^ li-ver.] 
Mild; foftj gentle. Shakejp'are. 

PI'GGIN. /. In the northern provinces^ a 
fmall veffel. 

FIGHT, [old preter. and part, pa (T. of />/<:£'.] 
Pitched i placed j nxjd ; determined. 

Sp'-vjer, Shakejpeare, 

PI'GMENT. /. [pigtrencuvi, Latin.] Paint ; 
colour to be laid on any body. Boyle. 

PI'GMY. /. [pigmeeus, Latin.] A fmall na- 
tion, fabled to be devcured by the cranes. 


PIGNORA'TION. /. [p'gr.or&^LzK.] The 
aft of pledging. 

P I L 

PI'GNUr. /. [pig and i,ut,] An eartV nut. 


PI'GSNEY. /. [p.^^.Sax. a girl.] A word 

uf endearment to a girl. 
PIGWIDGEON. / Any thing petty or 

^iTidll. Cleavelar.d, 

PIKE. /. [pique Ft. his fnout being fharp.j 

1. The pike is the tyrant of the frefh wa- 
ters. Bacon obferves the pke to be the 
longeft lived of any frefh water fifh, and yet 
he computco i to be not ufually above forty 
years. fValton. 

2. [Pique, Ft.] A long lance ufed by the 
foot foldiers, to keep off the horfe, to 
wh ch bayonets have Succeeded. Ijayivard,^ 

3. A fork ufed in hulhindry. Tujf^ir. 

4. Among turners, twoiion fprigs b<;tweeh 
which any thing to be turned is faflened. 


PI'KED. a. [pigi'c, Fiench.] Sharp; a- 
cuminat<?d ; ending in a point. Shahfp; 

PI'KEMAN. /. [pike and man,] A foldier 
armed with a pike. Kno/les. 

PI'KESTAFF. /. [pike and Jlaff,] The 
wooden frame of a pike. Taller. 

PILA'STER. /. [p'bjhe. French.] A fquare 
column fometimts infuUted, but oftencr fet 
within a wai!, and-<irj!y fliew-ing a fourth 
or 3 fifth p..rtof its th.cknefs. Dt^. 


1. A furred gown or cafe ; zny thing lined 
with fur. Hanmer» 

2. A fiih like a he ring. 
PILE, /. [pile, Fr.pJ,, Datch.] 

1. A flroiig- piece (-f v^ood dtiven into the - 
ground to make firm a tonnduion. Knoll'S, 

2. A heap 5 an accumulation. Shahf. 

3. Any thing heaped together to be burned. 


4. An edifice j a building. Pof>e. 

5. A hair, [pilui, Litin,] Shahf, 

6. Hairy furtace ; nap. Grew, 

7. [F/7«»;, Latin.] The bead of an arrow, 


8. ©""C fide cf a coin ; the reverfc of crcfs. 

9 [In the plural, pila.] The haemor- 
rhoids. A'-buthnot, 

To PILE, v.a, 

1. To heap ; to coarervate. Shah/p. 

z. To fill with fomething heaped. Abhot, 

Pi'LEATED. a [pileui, Latin.] Intheform 
of a cover or hat. Woodivard, 

PI'LER. /. [from pile.] He vyho accumu- 

To PI'LFEPv. v. a. [pilfer, French.] To 
fteai ; to gain by petty robbery. Bacon, 

To Pl'LFER. 'V. n. To praaife petty theft. 

PI'LFERER. /. [from pifer.] One who 
fie-'is petty things. Atterbury. 

Pl'LFERlNGLY, ad. With petty larceny j 

8 Pi'LFERY. 

P I L 

PI'LFERY. ;. [from pUfir.] Petty theft. 

U Ejlrar^e. 

PILGRIM./ [felgrim, D\\tch.] A travel- 
ler J a wanderer ; particularly one who tra- 
vels '.n a religious account. UtiHingJlfet, 

To PI'LGRlM.-i/ ;.. [from tUe noun.] To 
wandti ; to ramble. Greiu. 

PI'LGRIMaGE. /. [pelirinage, French.] A 

longjjiirney ; travel ; moreufually a juur- 

ney on account of devotion. Dfydtn, 

PILL. /. [p.Uula, L^tio.] Medicine m^de 

into a (n"iall ball or ipaff, Crajkaiv, 

To iMLL, -v. a. {pilkr, F.ench.] 

1. To rob J to pli>r,der. make'p?are, 

a. For ^e<;^ ; to flrip off the bark. Ge», 

To TILL. V. r. To be ilript away j toccme 
oft' in rtikrs or Icoria:. 7ob, 

Pl'LLAGE. /. [pUage, French.] 

I. Plunder i lomeihing got by plundering 
or pilling. Sbakelfeare. 

I. The art of plundering. iibakejptare. 

ToPl'LLAGE. v. a. [trom the noun.] To 
plunder 5 to fpoil. Arbuthmt. 

PI'LLAGER. /. [from/>/.'j^f.] A plunderer j 
a fpoiler. 

Pl'LLAR. /. {pilier^ Fr. pUajiro, Italian.] 
1. A cciumn, WqUoti, 

a. A fMpporter \ a maintainer, Shakefp, 

Pl'LLARED. a. [from pilbr.] 

I. Supported by columns. Milton, 

% H-ving the form of a column. Tbomf. 

PILLION. / [from /)///« W.J 

1. A foft laddie fee behind a horfeman for 
a woman to fi: on. Sivifr, 

2. A pdd J a paof.el ; a low fiddle, f'penfer, 

3. The pod of tbt faddie that touches the 

Pl'LLOP.Y. /. Ipi'lori, Fr. p'llorium, low 
Latm.J A frame creeled on a pillar, and 
mide with hules and folding boards, through 
which the headi and hands of criminjls are 
put. M'atti. 

To Pl'LLORV. «/ a. [p'l'crur, Fr. from 
the noun.] To punilh with thp pillory. 

Gov. 0/ the Torgue. 

PI'LIOW. /. [pyle, Sax. pj/^ive, Dutch.] 
A bag of dowja or feathers laid under the 
heart to fl-ep on. Donne. 

To Fl LLOvV. V. a. To reft any thing on 
a pillow, Mltcr. 

PIXLOWBRER. 7 /. T.he cover of a pil- 

Pi'Ll.OWCAsE. i low. Sivift. 

HLOSii Y.y. [itumphfus, Latin.] Hairi- 
ne.s. Bacon, 

Pl'LOr. /. Ipilcte. Fr. pr/oof, Dutch.] He 
whofe office ib to liter ihe /hip. 

Ben. "Jchnjon. 

To PI'LOT. v.a. [from the noun.] To 
(leer ; 10 dirtcl in the courfe. 

PI'LOrAGE. /. [pi/jrag^,FT. from piht.] 
i. Pilot's /kilij knowledge of coafts. 

X. A pilot's hire. ^iijivertb. 

P I N 

PI'LSER. /. The moth or fly that ronsinto 

a candle fljmr . 
PIME'NTA. /. [piment, French.] A kind 

of fpice called Jamaica pepper, all-fpice. 

PIMP. /. [pirge, Fr. SHnner.^ One who 
provides gratifications for the luft of others ; 
a procurer ; a pander. Addifon^ 

To I'IMP. iy. .7. [from the noun.] To pro- 
vide .gratifications for the luft i>f others j 
tr. pander, 6>y//r. 

Pl'MHERNEL. /. [p:mpernella,Lil\n.] A 

Pl'MPING. a. lprKp!emerfcb,3v,cikmm, 
Dutch.] Little. SkJnner. 

Pl'MPLE. J, [pon:pute, French.] A fmali 
red puftule. Addifon. 

Pl'MPLED. tf. [irom p-wpl,.] Having red 
puftules J full of pimplts : as, his face is 

PIN./. le^plngU, French.] 

I. A flioit wire with a /harp point and 
round head, ufed by women to fallen their 

a Any thing inconfiderabie or of little y?.- 
li^e. ^penjer. 

3. Any thing driven to hold parts toge- 
ther j a peg; a bolt. MiUon, 

4. Any flcnder thing fixed in another body. 


5. That which locks the wheel to the 

6. The central part. Sbakefpe^r<^ 

7. The pegs by which mu/icians intend or 
relax their ftrings. 

8. A note ; a flrain. VEfirange. 

9. A horny induration of the membranes 
of the eye. Sbakefpeare, 

10. A cylindrical roller made of wood. 

It. A noxious humour in a hawk's foot. 
To PIN. V. a. [from the noun,] 

I. To fafttn with pins, Pope^ 

a. Tofaften; to m-ke faft. Sbakefc. 

3. Tojsjinj to fit. Sb;i?fp. Digby. 

4. [Pinban, Sax.] To /hut up j to inclo/e j 
10 confine. Hooker, 

PINCASE. /. [pin and ca/e.J A piiKU- 

PINCERS. /. Ifinreit^, French.] 

1. An indrument bv which nails are 
drawn, or any thing is gripped, which re- 
quirfs to be held hard. Sp.'njer, 

z. The claw of an animal. Addijot, 

To PINCH. T'. a. [/..WiYr, French.] ' 

1. To Iqueeza between the fingers or with 
the teeth. Skakefpcare. 

2. To hold hard with an inrtrument. 

3. To Iquceze ;he fi./h till it is pained or 
Lvid. Shakejptan, 

4. To prefs between hard bodies. 

5. To gall j to fret, :^hchfpfare. 

'^. Tc 

P I N 

6. To gripe J to opprefs J to ftraiten, 


7. To dilTrefs ; t.'> pain. Thomjon, 

8. ToprcTsj to drive to difficulties. 


9. To try throughly j to force out what is 
contained within. Collier, 

To PINCH, rv.n. 

I. To a6l with force, fo as to be felt ; to 
bear hard upon ; to be puzzling. D-ydev, 
7,. To fpare ; to be frugal. D'yden. 

PINCH. /, \pincon, French, from the vcib.j 

1. A painful Iquecze with the lingers. 

Dry den. 

2. A gripe ; a pain given. Shakejpeare. 

3. OppreiTion j diftrtfs inflif>ed. VEjlr. 

4. Dfficultyj time of dftiefs. VEilr. 
PINCHFIST. 7/. [p'-nchy f.ji , zwd. pen- 
PI'NCHPENNY. J ry]K mifer. 

PI'NCUSHION. /. \pln and cuJbion.\ A 
IVnal! bag l^utfed with bran or wool on 
which pins are ftuck. Addtfon. 

PI'NDUST. /. [f/'J and Jz//.] Smdl par- 
ticles of metal made by cutt ng pins. 

PINE. /. \plnut, Latin.] A tree. 
To PINE. 'V. a. [pmian, Sax. pijmn, Dutch.] 

1. To languiih J to wear away with any 
kind of mifery. Spenfer, 

2. To languifh withdefire. Sbikeff. 
To PINE. -v. a. 

1. To wear out j to make to languiih. 

&bak' pi are, 

2. To grieve for j to bemoan in fiience. 


PI'NEAPPLE. /. A plant. 

PINEAL, a. [pinsale, French.] Refembling 
a pineapple. An epithet given by Da 
Cartes to the gland which he imagined the 
feat of the foul. ylrbuthnot. 

PI'NFEATHERED. a. \ pin ^nA feather.] . 
Not fledged ; having the feathers yet only 
beginning to /hcot. Dyden. 

PI'NFOLD. /. [pn,'t)in. Sax. to fliut up, 
and fold. ^ A place in which beafls are con- 
fined. Milton. 

PI'NCLE. /. A fmall clofe ; an inciof.ire. 

Pl'NMONEY. /. [pin and money.] Money 
allowed to a wife for her private expences 
without account. Addifon. 

PI'NGUID. a. [pinguis,'Ln\n.^ Fat; unc- 
tuous. Mortimer. 

PI'NHOLE. /. [pin and ioh.l A fmall ho!-, 

fuch as is made by the perforation of a pin, 


PINION. /. [pigfion, French.] 

1. The joint of the wing remoteft from 
the boriy. 

2. SbaLjpeare feems to ufs it for a feather 
or quill of the wing. 

3. Wing. Fope, 

P I O 

4. The. tooth of a fmaller wheel, a.ifwer- 
ing to that of a larger. 
1;. Fetters for rhs hands. 
To PINION. T. a. I from the noun.] 
* I. To bind the wings. Bacon, 

2. To contiae by binding the wings. 

3. T.) bind the arm to the body. Dryden. 

4. To coiihne by binding the elbows to the 
fides. Dryden, 

5. To fhackJe j to bind. Herbert. 

6. To bind 10. Pope. 
PINK. /. [from tir,k, Dutch, an eye.] 

I • A lauii fragrant flower of the gilliflower 
kind. Baron t 

2. An eye; commonly a fmall eye: as, 
pi':k-eyc!i. Shake fpeare. 

3 Aoy thing fupremely excellent. 


4. A colour ufed by painters. Diyden. 

5. [Pinque, Fr.j A kind of heavy narrow- 
Iterofd Ihip. Shuke/p:are. 

6. A fiih ; the mincw. 

To PINK. -v. a. [Uoxvip:nky Dutch, an eye] 
To woik in oyicc holes \ to pierce in fmall 
hchs. Prior, 

To PINK. V. n. [/p/'ffc/^t?;;, Dutch.] Towink 
with the eyes. L''EJirange. 

PI'NMAKER. /. [//« a.nd wj^T.] He who 
makes pins. 

PI'NNACS. /. {pinnafe,¥r. pi^nacia, Ital.] 
A boat belonging tn a ihip of war. It feems 
formerly to have lignified rather a fmall 
floup or bark attending a larger fliip. 


Pi'NNACLE. /. [pinnule, Fr. pinna, L:it.] 

1. A turret or elevation above the reft of 
the building. Clarendon, 

2. A high fpiring point. Coivley, 
PI'NNER. /. [itom pinna, or pi rd on,] 

1, The lappet of a head which flies loofe. 


2. A pinmaker. 

PI'NNOCK. /. The torn. tit. Ainfiu. 

PINT. /. [pinr, Saxon.] Half a quart \ in 

medicine, twelve ounces j a liquid meafure, 


PI'NULES. /. In afiioncmy, the fights, of 
an ail ro hi be. Z)/l7. 

PIO'NEER. /. [pionitr, Crom pion, obfolete, 
Frj] One whofc" bufinefs is to level the 
road, throw up works, or fink mines in mi- 
litary operations. • Fairfax. 

PI'ONING. /. Works of pioneers. Spenfer. 

PI'ONY. /, [paonia,L3iV.n.] A large flower, 

PIOUS, a. [p'lus, Lar. pieux, French.] 
I C.^reful of the duties owed by created 
beings to God ; godly} religious; fuch as 
is cue to facred things. Milton, 

2. Cireful of the duties of near relation. 

3. Pradifed under the appearance of reli- 
gion, Kin?' Chjr/es, 


P I R 

PI'OUSLY. ad. [from f/.-MJ.] In a pi -us 
manner j religioufly ; with regard, fuch as 
is due to facred things. Philips. 

PIP. /. [pif^pe, Dutch.] 

1, A dtfluxion with which fowls ars 
troubled ; a horny pellicle that grows en 
the tip of their tongues. lludilras, 

2. A fpot on the cards. Mdifon. 
To PIP. V. n. [p'pio, Latir.] To chirp or 

cry as a bird. BjyU. 

PIPE. /. [fib, Welfh i fipe, Saxon.] 

1. Any long hollow body j a tube. 


2. A tube of clay through which the fume 
of tobacco is drawn into the mouth. 

3. An inflrument of hand mufick. Rojcom, 

4. The organs of voice and respiration ; as, 
the w\n6-pipe. Pcacbam. 

5. The key of the voice. Siakefpeare. 

6. An office of the exchequer. Bacon. 

7. [Pifp, Datch.] A liquid meafure co:3- 
taining two hogfheads. Sbakfjp:are, 

To PIPE. T/. «. [from the noun.] 

1. To play on the pipe. Camden. 

2. To have a flirill found. Shak-Jpeare. 
PI'PER. /. [from f '/>£".] One who plays on 

the DJpe. Rei;. 

Pl'PETREE. f. The lilac tree. 
PI'PING. a. [Uom pipe.] 

J. Weak; feeble ; fickiy. Sbak-fp, 

-1. Hot J boiling. 
PiVKIN. /. [Diminutive cf//>f.] A fmall 

earthen boiler. Pep''. 

PI'PPIN. /. [p"ppy"ghe, Dutch. Skinner.] 

A ftiarp apple. •^"'^. 

PrQUANT. a. [piquant, French.] 

I. Pricking} piercing j ftimulating. 


1. Sharp ; tart ; pungent ; fevere. Bacon. 
PI'QUANCy./. [Uompiquint.] Sharpnefsj 

PI'QUANTLY. ad. [from /j^j/^wr] Sharp- 

ly 5 tartly. Locke. 

PIQUE. /. [pique, French.] 

1. An ill w'ill J an offence taken; petty 
malevolence. Decay of Piety, 

2. A ftrong paflion. Hudibras. 

3. Point; nicety; punf^ilio. Dryden, 
To PIQUE, v. a. [p'quer,Yrtnch.'\ 

J. To touch with envy or virulency ; to 
put into fret. Piior, 

2. Tofficnd; to irritate. Pfp'^. 

3. To value 3 to fix reputation as on a 
point. Locke. 


PIQUEE'RER. /. A robber; a plunderer. 


PIQUE'T. /. [piqu:t, French.] A game at 
cards. Prior. 

PI'RACY. /, [tiTsioaleU.] The aft or prac- 
tice cf robbing on the fea, Wa'.Ur. 

PI'RATE. /. ['mv.^cLTr,;.] 

I, A fea- robber, .^^rsn, 

P I T 

2. Any robber; particularly a bookrcllcr 

u ho fe z's the copies of uthtr men. 
To PI'RATE. V. n, [from the noun.] To 

rob by fea. Arbutbnot. 

T.J PI'RATE. -v. a. [pirater^Yitndi.] To 

take by rcbbery, Pope. 

PIRA'TJCAL. a. [/.T^f/cr/i, Latin.] Preda- 
tory ; robbing j conliliing in robbery. 

PISCA'TIONT. /. [pifcaiio, Latin] The aft 

or prafiice of fifliing. Broivn, 

PISCARY /. A privilege of fifliing. 
PI'SCATORY. a. [pijcaioriut, Latin.] Re- 

iating to fifhes. y^ddifon. 

PISCIVOROUS, a. [^/c/i and vsro.] Fim. 

eating; living on fiOi. Ray. 

PISH, inter], A contemptuous exclamation. 


To PISH. 1/. n. [from the interjcft.on.J To 

fxprefs contempt. Pope, 

PrSMIRE./ [m; pi, Six. /./m/frf, Dutch.] 

An ant; an emmet. Prior. 

To PISS, 1/. n, [p'JJc'-y Fr. piJJ'en, Datch.] 

To make water. U Ejirarge, 

PISS. /. [from the verb.] Urine ; animal 

water. Pcpe. 

PI SSABED. /. A yellow flower growing in 

the graf . 
PI'SSBURNT. a. Stained with urine. 
PISTA'CHIO. /. [piftacchi, Italian.] The 

p'flacbio IS a dry Iruit of an oblong figure, 

r,Jl,cb nur. Hill, 

PISTE, f. [French] The track or tread a 

hirfeman makes upon the ground he goes 

PISTl'LLATION. /. [piftiUum, Lat.] The 

2^\ (f pounding in a mortar, Broivn, 

PI'STOL. /. Ipijh'e, pijhlet,Frtnch.] A 

fmall handgun. Clarendon, 

To PI'STOL. t;. ^. [^7?o/cr, French.] To 

fhoot with a pift'.>I. 
PI'STOLE. /. Ipiftole, French.] A coin of 

many countries and many degrees of vjlue, 

PISTO'LET. /. [dimiautive 0^ pjioi J A 
litt.'e pil^ol. Donne, 

PI'STON. /. r/>/>^, French.] The move- 
able part in fcveral machines ; as in pumps 
and fyringes, whereby the fusion or at- 
traftion is caufed ; an embolus. 

PIT. /. [pit, Saxon.] 

1. A h'Je in the ground. 'Ba:sn. 

2. Abvfs ; profundity. Miltort, 

3. Th-! gr.ive. Pjalms, 
4 The area on which cocks fight, 


5. The middle part of the theatre. 


6. A'>y hdlow of the body : as, the /)/V of 
the ftomach. 

7. A dint made by the finger. 

To PIT. ni.a. To fink in hdlows. Sha^p, 
PITAPAT. /. [pjucpane, Fr:ach.] 

4 Y I. A 


I. Aflutter; a palpitation. L'EjJr. 

1. A light quick ftep. ' Dryden. 

PITCH. /. [pic, Sax. pix, Latin.] 

I. The reiin of the pme extradted by fire 
and infpifTited. Prcverbs, 

1 [Vtompit7$^Tr. Skinrxr.'] Any degree 
uf elevation or height. Shakejpcare, 

3. Higheftrife. Sbakhpeare, 

4. State with refpeil: to lownel's or height. 


5. Size J ftature. Spenjer. 

6. Degree j rate. Denham. 
To PITCH, v.a. [appicc'tare, Inh^n.] 

1. To fix J to plane. 

FairfuX. KnoVei. Dryden. 

2. To order regularly. Hooker, 

3. To throw headlong j to caft forward. 


4. To fmear with Pitch. Gen, Dryd, 

5. T ) darken. Sbahjpeare. 
6 To pave. Air.jiuorch. 

To PITCH, 'v.n. 

I, To light ; to drop. Mortimer. 

2,. Tofallheadlo-og. Dryden, 

3. To fix choice. Hudibrat, 

4. To fix a tent or temporary habitation. 

I Mac, 
ri'TCHER. /. [picher, French.] 

1. An earthen vclfel J a water pot. 


2. An inftfument to pierce the ground in 
which any thing is to be fixed. Mertmer, 

PI'TCHFORK. /. [plich:m6fcrk.'\ A fork 
with which corn is thrown upon the wag- 
gon, S-zvift. 

PPTCHINESS/. [frompilcby.-j Blac.knefs j 

Pi'TCHY. a. [from pitch.] 

J. Smeared with pitch. Dryden. 

2,. Having the qualities of pitch. Woodw, 
3. Black J dark; difmal. fV/or. 

il'TCOAL. /. [■^itzvAcoal] Fcffile coa). 

PI'T-MAN. /. [pit and man.'] He that in 
fawing ti"mber woiks below in the pit. 


PIT- SAW. /. [pit zndifa^v.] The large 
faw ufed by two men, of whom one is in 
the pit. M0XO12. 

PI'TEOUS. a. [from/.r.7.] 

i. Sorrovfful; mournful j exciting pity. 

2, Compsffionate ; tender. Prior. 

3. Wretched j paltry ; pitiful. Muton. 
PITEOUSLY. ad. \ixQm piteous.] In a 

piteous manner. Shakefpeare. 

PITEOUSNESS. /. \ltQ-cc, piteous.] Sorrow- 

fulnels ; tendernefi. 
PITFALL. /. \_pit and/d//.] A pit dug and 

covered, into which a pafTenger falls unex- 

peftediy. Sandys. 

PiTH. /. [pitte, Dutch.] 

P I X 

1. The marrow of the plant j the foft part 
in the midft of the wood. Bacon, 

2. Marrow. Donne, 

3. Strength ; force. Sbakefpeare. 

4. Energy ; cogency ; fulnefs of fentirnent j 
clufenefs and vigour of thought and fiile. 

5. Weight i moment j principal part. 


6. The quintefcence ; the chief part. 

PITHILY, a'd. [from pitby.] V/ith flrcngth j 

wich cogency j with force. 
PITHINESS. /. [fwmpitby.] Energy; 

ftrength. Spenfer, 

PITHLESS, a. [Uom pith.] 

1. Wanting pith. Sbakefpeare, 

2. Wanting energy ; wanting force. 
PITHY, a. [itompiih.] 

1. Confifting of pith. Philips, 

2.- Strong J forcible ; energetick. Addijun. 

PI'TIABLE. a, [pitoyable, Fr. from pity.l 
Deferving pity. Atterbury, 

PITIFUL, a. [pity znA full.] 

1. Melancholy J moving compafllon. 


2. Tender ; compaflionate. Sbakefp, 

3. Paltry J contemptible j defpicable. 

PITIFULLY, ad. [horn pitiful.] 

I. Mournfully J in a manner that moves 
compaffion, Tillotfon, 

1. Contemptibly ; defpicably. Clariffa, 
PITIFULNESS. /. [{xam pitiful] 

1. Tendernefs j meicy j compalfion. 


2. Defpicablenefs ; contemptiblenefs. 
PITILESLY. ad, [horn pitilefs.j Without 

mercy. , • 

PI'tlLESNESS. /. Unmerci fulnefs. 
PITILESS, a. [fTompify.] Wanting pity j 

wanting compaffion ; mercilefs, Fairfax, 
PITTANCE. /. [pitance, Fr. pietantij, 


1. An allowance of meat in a monaftry. 

2. A fmall portion. Sbakefpeare, 
PITUITE. /. [pituite, Fr. pituita, Latin.] 

Phlegm. Arhuthnot. 

PITUiTOUS. a. [pitnitofus, Lat. pituiteux, 

French.] Confifting of phlegm. Arbuth, 
PITY. /. [pitie, Fr. pieta^ Lalian.] 

1. Comp?firion } fympathy with mifery j 
tendernefs for pain or uneafinefs. Calamy. 

2. A ground of pity j a fubjed of pity or 
of grief. Bacon, 

To PI TY. 1/. a. [pitoyer, French.] Tocom- 
pafiionate mifery j to regard with tender-t 
nefs on account of unhappinefs. Addifon, 
To PITY, v, n. To be compaffionate. 


PIVOT. /. [/&/^(3r, French.] A pin on which 

any thifjg turns. Dryden, 

PIX. f. f//Vw, Latin.] A little cheft or box, 

in whicii the confccrated hoft is kept. 


P L A 

PLA'CABLE. a. [pbcabUis, Litin.] W.!- 

Jing or po/Tible to be appeafed. MUtoti. 

PLACABI'LITY. 7 /. [from fl>cabU.] 

PLA'CABLENE.SS. ^ Willingnefs to be 

appeafeid ; poHibiJity to be appeafed. 
PLACA'RD. 7 /. [plakJirt, Dutch. J An 
PLACA'RT. 5 ediaj a declaration j a 

ToPLA'CATE. ^.^7. [placeo,L^Xm.'] To 
appeafe ; to reconcile. This word is uied 
in Scotland. Forbes. 

PLACE. /. [place, French ] 

Pariicular portion of fpace. Addij-^n, 
Locality ; ubiety j local relation. Loih. 
Local exiftence. Revelation. 

Space in general. Davies, 

Separate room. Shakejpeare. 

A feat 3 refidence; manficn. John. 
7. PafTage in writing. Bacon, 

S. Ordinal relation. Sp'ciator, 

9. Exiftcnce ; ftate of being j validity j 
rtate of aftual operation. Hayward. 

10. Rank J order of priority. Hbakefp. 
IT. Precedence ; priority. Bev. y^hrfon. 

12. Office 5 publick charadler or employ - 
ment. Knolles. 

13. Room; way; fp ace for appearing or 
adting give.o-by ceflion. Drydev, 

14. Ground ; room. Hammord. 
To PLACE. v,a. [placer^ French.] 

1. To put in anyplace, rank or condition. 

Exodus, Drydcn. 

2. To fix; to fettle J to eftabliih. Locke, 

3. To put out at interefl. Pop:. 
PLA'CER. /. [from/)/<2«.] One that places. ^ 

PLA'CID. a. lptacidus,L2iUn.'\ 

I. Gentle ; quiet ; not turbulent. Bacon, 

1. Soft J kind ; mild. 
PLA'CIDLY. ad, [from placld.l Mildly; 

gemly. Beyle, 

PLA'CIT. /. [placitum, Lztln.] D:cree j 

f^etermination. Glani'ille, 

PLA'CKET, or/>/dyaer. /. A petticoat 

P L A 

PLA'GUILY. ad. [f I oiu plaguy.] V«?tN 

ou(]y; horribly. Dryden 

PLA'GUy. a. [from plague.] Vexacious / 

troublcfcme. Dofine, 

PLAICE./, [plate, Dnizh.] A flat fi/h. 

PLAID. /. A ftriped or variegated cloth ; 

sn outer 1 ofc weed worn much by the 

highlanders in Scotland. 
PLAIN, a.lphnus, Latin.] 

1. Smooth; level ; flat; free from protu- 
bfrances or excrefcencies. ^'penjer. 

2. Void of ornament ; fimple. Dryden, 

3. ATlefs } not f'jbtle j not fpecious ; not 
Jc.-irned • fimple. Hammond. 

4. Honeftly rough ; open j fincere ; noc 
fofc in language. Bacon, 
5- Mere; bare, Shakcfpearc, 

6. Evident J clear; aifcernible ; not ob- 
scure. Dcnham, 

7. N..t varied by much art. 
PLAIN, ad, 

I. Not obfcurely, 

a. Diflinftjy ; articulately. Mirk, 

3. Simply ; with rough fincerity. Adduon, 
PLAIN. /. [_t./^wf, French.] Level ground j 
open j flat ; often, a field of battle. 

Hayzvard, D i-vies. 
To PLAIN. V. a. [."lom the ncun ] To le- 
vel ; to make even. Hayward, 
To PLAIN, 'v.n, [plaindrtyjepbini, Yr,'\ 
To lament; to wa;J. Sidney „ 
PLAINDEA'LING. a, [plain and deal.] 
A<^ing without art. V Ejlrange. 
PLA'INDEALING. /. Management void of 
arf- Dryden. 
PLAINLY, ad. [ixom plain.] 
Lsvelly ; flatly. 
N t fubcilly ; not fpecioufly, 
\V thout ornament. 

Without olofs; fincerely. Pope. 

In earnefl: ; fairly. Clarendon, 

6. Evidently; clearly; not obfcureiv. 

Sbakifpeare. Milttn, 



PLA'GIARISM. /. [Uom plagiary.] Theft; 
literary adoption of the thou|,hts or works 
of another. ' Srvift, 

PLA'GIARY. / [from plagium, Latin.] 

1. A thief in literature ; one who ftcah the 
thoughts or writings of another. Softh. 

2. The crime of literary theft. Brr^ivn, 
PLAGUE./. [^/^^A^ Dutch ; Tr^nyri.] 

1. Peffilc'^.ce ; a difeafe eminently conta- 
gious and dcftni£live. B'con. 

2. Sta'e of mfeiy. P films. 

3. Any thing trcublefcme or vex^t-nus. 

To PLAGUE, nj. a. [from the nou.n.J 

1. To infe6t with peflilence. 

2. To trouble ; to teaze ; to vex ; to har- 
rafs J to torment ; to afflitl. Collier. 


Shnkffp-are. PLA'INNESS. /. [hompiain.] 

1. Levelnefs J flatnefs. 

2. Want of ornament ; want of fliow. 

D sdtn. 

3. Oppennefs ; rough fincerity. Sidnev. 

4. Artleilnefs ; fimplicity. D'yden. 
PLaINT. /. [plainte, FKnch.] 

1. Lamentation; complaint ; lament, 


2. Exprobration of injury. Bacon. 

3. Exprffllon of forrow. fVctton. 
PLA'INTFUL. a. \p'aint and/;///.] Com- 

plai"ine ; audiblv lorrowful. S'dnty. 

PLAINTIFF./, (plainttf, French] H^ttK.t 
commences a fuic in law againft another ; 
opnofed to the defendant. Dryden, 

PLAINTIFF a. [phiniif, French.] Com- 
plain ng. A wcra not in ufe. Prior, 
4 V 2. ^ PL.VIN- 

P L A 

PLAINTIVE, a. [/,'<;//;///', French.] Com- 
plaining j lamenting 5 expreliiveot fotrow. 


PLA'INWORK. /. [phin and ivork.} 
Needlework as diftinguiflied from embroi- 
dery. Pope, 

PLAIT. /. [corrupted fiow pUght or plyght.] 
A fold ; a double. Davies. 

To PLAIT, v.a. [from the noun.] 

I. To fold J to double. Pope. 

1. To weave ; to braid. i Peter. 

1, To intangle 5 to involve. Shakefp, 

PLAI'TER. /. [from phit.\ He that plaits. 

PLAN. /. \p!an, French.] 

1. A fc heme J a form ; a model. Addifon. 

2. A plot of any building, or ichnography. 

To PLAN. V. a. [ from the noun, ] To 

fcheme ; to form in defign. Pope. 

PLA'NARY, a, Pertaining to a plane. Did. 
PLA'NCHED. a. [from /./a«f-6.] Made of 

boards. ^hakcfpeare. 

PLA'NCHER. /. [plarubiT, French.] A 

board ; a plank. B^con. 

PLA NCHING. /. In carpentry, the laying 

the fioors in a buildit g. 
PLANE. /. [planus, Latir.] 

1. A level furface. Cbeyne. 

2. [PlanPf^t.'\ An inftrument by which 
the furface of boards is imoothed. Maxon, 

To PLANE. V. a. [phner,Y vtnch.'] 

J. To level J to fmooth from inequalities. 


2. To fmooth with a plane, Mcxon. /. [plitanui, Lat. plane, 

' platune, Fr.] The introduction of this tree 
into England is owing to the great lord 
chancellor Bacon. Miller, 

PLA'NET. f. [planeta, Lat. -nrXavao;. ] 
Planets are the erratick or wandering ftars, 
and which are not like the fixt ones always 
in the fame pohtirsn to one another: we 
now number the earth among the primary 
planets, becaufe we know it moves round 
the fun, as Saturn, Jupiter, M'^rs, Venus 
and Mercury do, and that in a path or 
circle between Mirs and Venus : and the 
moon is accounted among the fecondary 


PLANIFO'LIOUS. a. [planus and foUuKt, 
Latin.] Flowers aie fo called, when made 
up of plain leaves. Dici, 

PLANIME'TRICAL. a. [iromplammetry.'\ 
Pertaining to the menfuration of plain fur- 

PLANIME'TRY. /. [planus, &niixn^ioo.1 
The menfuration of plain furfaccs. 

PLANIPE'TALOUS. a. [phrus, Laf. and 
TTETtt^ov.] Flatleaved, as when the ("mail 
flowers are hollow only at the bottom, but 
flat upwards, as dandelion and fuccory. 


To PLA'NISFi, -v. a. [itom p^ane.'\ To po- 
Jilh J to fmooth. A word ufed by manu- 

PLA'NISPHERE. f. [planus, 'Liit.zn^fphere.'^ 
A fphere projeded on a plane. 

PLANK. /. [planche, French.] A thick 
flrong board. Chapman, 

To PLANK, nj.a. [from the noun.] To co- 
ver or lay with planks. Dryden. 

PLANOCO'NICAL. a. [planus and conus.\ 
Level on one fide and conical on others, 


PLA'NOCONVEX. /. [planus and convexus.\ 
Flat on the one fide and convex on the 
other. Neivtots, 

PLANT. /. [pb nte, It. plant a, l.n\n.^ 

1. Any thing produced from feed j any 
vegetable produdlion. 

2. A fapling. Shakefpeare, 

3. [P.'anta, Lat.] The fole of the foot. 
To PLANT. V. a. [planto, Latin j planter, 


1. To put into the ground in order to grow j 
to fet J to cultivate. 

2. To procreate ; to generate. Sbakef, 

3. To place ; to fix. Dryden, 

4. To fettle i to eftablifh : as, to plant a 
colony. Bacon, 

5. To fill or adorn with fomething plant- 
ed : as, he planted the garden or the coun- 
try. . Pope, 

6. To dired properly: as, to plant a can- 

PLA'NTAGE. /. [plantago, Latin.] An 
herb. S bake/pear e. 

p'anets or latellues ot the primary, fince PLA'NTAIN. /. [plantain, French.] 
(he moves round the earth. Brcivn. i. An herb. 

PLANETARY, a. [planetaire, French, 
from f.lanet.'\ 

1. Pertaining to the planets. Grant-illc. 

2. Under the denomination of any parti- 
cular planet, Dryden, 

3. Produced by the plinets. Sbakef. 

4. Having the nature of a planet ; erratick. 


PI.ANE'TiCAL. a. [from jb/anrr.] Pertain- 
ing to planets. Broivn, 

PLANE'TSTRUCK. a. [pbmt and /hike.} 
lilafted. iiKckling. 

1. An herb. More, 

2. A tree in the Weft Indies, which bears 
an efculent fruit. Waller, 

PLA'NTAL. a. [from //aw.] Pertaining to 
plants. Clanville, 

PLANTATION. /. [plantatio, Lat.J 

1. The aft or pradlice of planting. 

2. The place planted. King Charles, 

3. A colony. Bacon, 
4 Introdudion j eftablifliment, K. Charles^ 

PLA'NTED. a. [hom plant.] This word 
feems in Shakejpeare to fignify, fettled j 
well grounded. 


P L A 

P L A 

PLA'NTER. /. [pbnteur, French.] 

1. One who fows 
tivator. Drydcr, 

2. One who cultivates ground in the Welt 
Indian colonic?, Lockf. 

3. One who diileminates or introduces. 

PLASH. /. [fl^cbe, Dutch.] 

1. A fmall lake of water or puddle. Ba:. 

2. Branch partly cut off and bound to o- 
ther branches. M'irtimer. 

To PLASH, -v. a. [ffjfer, French. J To 
interweave branches. Efe.'yn. 

PLASHV. a. [fTomphJb.] Watry 5 filled 
yvith puddles, Betterton, 

PLASM. /. [TrXaViua.] A mould j a ma- 
trix in which any thing is caft or formed. 

PLA'STER. [from wXa^a.] 

1. Subftance made of water and feme ab- 
forbent matter, fuch as chalk or lime well 
pulverifed, with which walls are overlaid. 


2, A glutinous or adhefive falve. SbakcJ. 
To PLA'STER. -v. a. [p/af,rer, French.] 

1. To overlay as with plafier. Baccn, 

2. To cover with a medicated plafler. 
PLA'STERER. /. [fbjirier, French, from 


J. One whofe trade is to overlay walls with 
plafter. Slakifpeare, 

2, One who forms figures in plafter. Wot. 

PLA'STICK. a. [T^XariKo?.] Having the 
power to give form. Prior. 

FLA'STRON. f, [French.] A piece of lea- 
ther ftufFed, which fencers ufe, when they 
teach their fcholars, in order to receive the 
piifhes made at them, • Drydcn, 

To PLAT. nj. a. [from /.'a/'.'.] To weave j 
to make by texture. Addifon. 

PLAT. /. [plct, Saxon.] A fmall piece of 
ground. Milter, 

PLA'TANE.y. [platane, French j phtanus, 
Latin.] The plane tree. Milton. 

PLATE./, [plate, Dutch ; pla que, 'Frtnch.'^ 

1. A piece of metal beat out into breadth. 


a. Armour of plates. Spsnfir, 

3. [^Platj, Spanifli.] Wrought filver. 

Ben. ydnfon, 

4. [Plat, French, piatta, Italian.] A fmall 
fhallow veffel of metal on which meat is 
eaten. Dryden, 

To PLATE, n), a. [from the noun.] 

1. To cover with plates, Sandys. 

2. To arm with plates. Shake p;are. 

3. T'f beat into lamina or plates. Neivt. 
PLATEN. /. Among printers, the flit part 

of the prefs whereby the impreffion is made, 
PLA'TFORM. /. [plat, flat, French, and 
form, ] 

T. The fketch of any thing horizontally 
delineated i the ichnography, Sardys, 

2. A plice laid out after any model. Pcfr, 

3. A level place before a fortilicarinn. 

4. A fcheme; apian. Woo'divard. 
PLA'TICK j';.-.7. In aftrolcgy, is a ray 

caft from one planet to another, not ex- 

aiily, but within the orbit of its own light. 


PLATO'ON. /. [a coiruption of pdoton, 
French.] A fmall fquare body of mulkc- 
t«^ers. ^ickelf. 

PLATTER. /. [Uom plate.] A large difli, 
generally of earth. Drvdin, 

PLAU'DIT. 7. . , , 

PLAU'DITE. }/• Appi^ufc. Denkam, 

PLAUSIBI'LITY. /. [plaujibilit/, French.] 
Specioufnefs J fuperficial appearance ot' 
right, Sivlft. 

PLAU'SIBLE. a. [plauftbU, French.] Such 
as gains approbation j fuperficially pleafir.g 
or taking ; fpecious ; popular, Clarend, 

PLAU'SIBLENESS. /. [from pJaufbk.^ 
Specioul'nefs ; fhow of right, Sar.derjon, 

PLAU'SIBLY. ad. [from p.'aujible.] 

1. With fair fhow j fpecioufly. Collier, 

2, With applaufe. Not in ufe. Brozvn, 
FLAU'SiVE, a. [from phudc^LiUn.] 

1. Applauding. 

2, Piaufible. Shakefpeare, 
To PLAY. 1/. «. [plejan, Saxon,] 

1. To fport ; to frolick ; to dofomething 
not as a taflc, but for a pleafure. Mil/on, 

2. To toy ; to aft with levity. Milton, 

3. To be difmifTed frc.m work. Sbakefp, 

4. To trifle j to aft wantonly and thought- 
lefly. rtmple, 

5. To do fcmething fanciful. Shahfp, 
To praftifelarcaftick merriment. Pope, 

To mock 5 to praft^fe illufion. Shake/, 

8. To game J to contend at fome game, 


9. To do any thing tricki/h or deceitful. 

Adds fen, 

10. To touch a mufical inftrument, Ghn, 
31. To operate 3 to aft. Ufed of any 
thing in motion. Cbiyr.e, 

12. To wanton ; to move irregularly, 


13. To perfonate a drama. Shakefpeare. 

34. To rcprefenfa charafter, 
15. To aft in an/certain charafter. 

To PLAY. 'V. n. 

1. To put in aftion or motion: as, he 
played his cannon. 

2. To ufe an inflrument of mufick. f^',, 

3. To aft a mirthful charafter. Mil -y 

4. To exhibit dramatically. Shake'ipeat 

To aft J to perform. 


PLAY, f. 

1, Aftion not impofed ^ not work. 

2, AmufciTicnt j iporr 


P L E 

3. A drama ; a comedy or tragedy, or any 
thing in which charaders are reprefenied 
by dialogue and adion. Dryden. 

4. Game} praaicc of gaming ; conteft at 
a game. Shakcfpeare. 

5. Praftice in any conteft Tilhtjon. 

6. Aftion ; employment; office. Drydetu 

7. Praftice: aftion 3 manner of ading. 

^. Aft of touching an inftrument. 
9. Irregular and wanton motion. 
JO. A Itate of agitation or ventilation. 

Dry den, 

11. Room for motion. Momti. 

12, Liberty of afting 5 fwing. Addijon. 
PLA'YBOOK. /. {play and book.'\ Book of 

dramatick compclitions. Swift. 

PLA'YDAY. /. [play and day.] Day ex- 
empt from tsfksor work. Sivifc. 

PLA'YDEBT. /• [p^^y and debt.l Debt 
contradled by gammg. Jrbutljnot. 

PLA'YER. /. [iTompIay.'] 

1. One who plays. 

2. An idler ; a lazy perfon. Shakefp, 
g. After of dramatick fcenes, Sidney. 
4' A mimick. _ Dryden, 
c. One who touches amufical inftrumenr. 
» 1 Samuel XV \, 
6. One who afts in play in any certain 
manner. i^fj'-^"^- 

PLA'YFELLOW. /. Jpl^y and fellow.] 

Companion in amufement. Spenfer. 

PLA'YFUL. a. [play and full] Sportive ; 

full of levity. Addifcn. 

PLATGAME. /. [play ^n^ game.] Play of 

children. , ^ ^ f Z^-^;- 

PLA YHOUSE. /. [play and bx,ufe.] Houfe 

where dramatick performances are repre- 

fented. 5r,'AVy..r 

FLA'YPLEASURE. /. [play andpleafure.^ 

Idle amufement. £flCo«. 

PLA'YSOME. a. [playanifme.] Wanton; 

full of levity. , r T 

PLAYSOMENESS. /. [from f%>»J^.j 

Wantonnefs ; levity. 
PLAYTHING. /. [pl^y and thitig.] Toy; 

thing to play with. Otivay. 

PLAYWRIGHT. /. [play and wnght.] A 

maker of plays. ^0/'*. 

PLEA. /. [p!atd, old French.] 

I. The att or form of pleading. 

a. Thing offered or demanded in pleading. 

3. Allegation. ^ -JJf »• 

4. An apology; an excnfe. Mtkon. 
To PLEACH, -v. a. [plejjer, French.] To 

bend ; to interweave. hhahjpeart. 

To PLEAD, 'v.n. [plaider, Ejench.] 
1. Toargue before a court of jultice. 

%. To fpeak in an argumentative or per- 
fuafive way for or againil i to reafon with 
another. , ^fy^f^' 

3. To be cffsred as a plea, Uryden, 

P L E 

To PLEAD. 'V. a. 

1. To defend} to difcufs. Shakefptare^ 

2. To allege in pleading or argument. 


3. To offer as an excufe. Dryden, 
PLEADABLE, a. [from plead.] Capable 

to be iKeged in plea. Dry den, 

PLEA'DER. /. [plaideur, French.] 

I. One who argues in a court of juflice. 


t. One who fpeaks for or againft. Shakf. 
PLE ADDING. /. [{ram plead,] Aft or form 

of pleading. Swift. 

PLEA'SANCE. /. [plaifatjce, Fr.] Gai«ty; 

pleafantry. ^ Spenfer, 

PLEA'S ANT. a. [plaijavt, French.] 

1. Delightful ; giving delight, Pfohm, 

2. Grateful to the Senfes. Milton. 

3. Good humoured ; cheerful, Addifon^ 

4. Gay ; lively ; merry. Rogers. 

5. Trifling ; adapted rather to mirth than 
ufe. * Locke, 

PLEA'S ANTLY. ad. [from pleafar.t.] 

1, In fuch a manner as to give delight. 
31. Gaylyj merrily; in good humour. 


3.; ludicrouflr. . Broome% 

PLEA'SANTNESS. /. [f row ple^fant.] 

J, Delightfuinefs j ftatc of being pleafant. 


2. Gaiety J cheerfulnefs ; merriment. 

PLEA^SANTRY. /. [plaifanterie, French.] 

1. Gaiety ; merriment. jiddifon» 

2. Sprightly faying ; lively talk. Addijon* 
To PLEASE. V. a, [p/aceo, Lat. plaite,Fr.] 

J. To delight; to gratify ; to humour. 

Wifdom xvii. 

2. Tofatisfy; to content. Shakejpeare, 

3. To obtain favour from. Milton. 

4. To ^e Pleased. To like. A word 
of ceremony, Dryden, 

To PLEASE, v. n. 

1. To give pleafure. Milton, 

2. To gain approbation. Hofea. 

3. To like; to chufe- Pope. 

4. To condefcend ; to comply. Shakejp. 
PLEA'SER./. [from pleaje.] One that courts 


PLEA'SINGLY. ad. [from" pleafing.] In 
fuch a manner as to give delight.. Pope. 

PLEA'SINGNESS./. [^iom pleafing.] Qua- 
lity of giving delight. 

PLEA'SEMAN. /. [pleaJe and man.] A 
pickthank ; an ofiicicus fellow. Shakejp. 

PLEA'SURABLE. a. [ixoxn pleafure.] De- 
lightful ; full of pleafure. Bacon,- 

PLEASURE. /. [plafir, French.] 

1. Delight} gratification of the mind 'or 
fenfes. South. 

2. Loofe gratification. Shakejpeare. 

3. Approbation. Pjaltns. 

4. What the will diftates, Shakejpeare, 

5. Choice; 

P L E 

5, Choice ; arbitrary will. Br(n.vTt. 

To PLEA'SURE. v. a. [from the noun.] 

To pleafe ; to gratify. JUlotfon, 

PLEA'SUREFUL. a. [pleafure and /W/.] 

PJearint; delightful. Obfolcte. Abbot. 
PLEBEIAN. /. [fhbcTcK, French, flebaus, 

Lnin,] One of the lower people. Sivife. 

1. Popular J conCfting of mean perfons. 

K, tig Char hs. 

2. Belonging to the lovver ranks. Miion» 
3 Vulgar J low J common. B.:con. 

PLEDGE. /. [pUige, Fr. fieggio, Italian.] 

1. Any thing put to pawn. 

2. A gage J any thing given by way of war- 

rant or fecurity ; a pawn. 

P L I 

PLENTIFUL, a. [plen'yznAfuIl.] Copious; 

abundant; exuberant; fruitful. Rjl.ivh. 
PLE'NTIFULLV. ad. [(xocn fkm/u/.] Co- 

pioufly, abundantly. Addi'hi, 

PLE'NTIFULNESS. /. [from phnt./u/.] 

The ftate of being plentiful j abundance; 

PLE'NTY. /. [from pL-nm, full.] 

1. Abundance ; fuch a quantity as is more 

than enough. Locke, 

* 2. Fruitfuinefs J exuberance. 

3 It is ufed, I think, barbarouHy ^oc 


4. A ftate in which enough is had and en- 

py^* Joel, ii. 26. 

3. A furety j a bail ; an hoftage. RaUigb. 
To PLEDGE. -::. a. [flger, French, fieg- 
giare, Italian.] 

1. To put in pawn. Ftpe. 

2. To give as warrant or fecurity. 

3. To fecure by a pledge. Sbakefpeare. 

4. To invite to drink, b^ accepting the 
cup or health after another. Sltkejpeare 

Roivf. PLEONASM. /. [ , Latin.] A 

figuie of rhetorick, by which more words 
are ufed than are necefT^rv. 

PLESH. /. [A word ufeJ by Spenfer inftcad 
ofp/jp.] A puddle; a boggy ma rfh. 

PLE'THORA. /. [f,om ttXk^x^cc.] The 
ftate in which the veffels are fuller of hu- 
mours than is agreeable to a natural ftate or 
health. Arbuthnot, 

PLE'DGET. /. [//^^^if, Dutch.] A f ma 11 PLETHORETICK. 7 ^, [irom pht bora. 'i 

5 H 

mafs of lint. Wneman. 

PLE'IADS. 7 /. [fhiades, Lat. TrXaa^E;.] 
PLE'IADES. y A northern conftellation. 

PLE'NARILY. ad. \Jxom pUr.ary.'\ Fully j 

completely. Ayliffe. 

PLE'NARY. a. [from plenui, Latin.] Full ; PLEU'RISY. /. [t/Xs 

PLETHO'RICK. 5 Having a full habit. 
PLE'THORY. /. [p'ethore, French, from 

TrXnS-a/^a.] Fulnefs of habit. Arbutbnot, 
PLE'VJN. /. [pkuvine, Fr. pUtina, law 

Lat.] Inlaw, a v/arrant or allurance. DiEt, 


complete. tVatti 

PLE'NARY. /. Decifive procedure. Ayliffe. 

PLE'NARINESS. /. [from plenary.'] Ful- 
nefs ; completenefs, 

PLE'NILUNARY. a. [from flenilurdum, 
Lat.] Relating to the full moon. Brottm. 

PLE'NIPOTENCE. /. [from pUnm and po- 
temia, Latin.] Fulnefs of cower. 

PLE'NIPOTENT. a. [pler.i^otens, Latin.] 
Invefted with full power. Milton. 

PLENIPOTE'NTIARY./. [pknipetenticjire, 
French.] A negotiator invefted with full 
power. Stiiingjicet, 

PLE'NIST. /. [hom plenus, Lat.] One that 
holds all fpaceto be full of matter. Beyle. 

FLE'NITUDE. /. [pleri-.udo, from pUnus, 
Latin ; pUrutude, French.] 

1. Fulnefs ; the contrary to vacuity. 


2. P>.epIetion j animal fulnefs ; plcthory. 


3. Exuberance; abu.sdance. Bacon, 

4. Completenefs. Prior, 
PLE'NTEOUS, a. \jxom pUnty .] 

1, Copious ; exuberant ; abundant. Milt. 

2. Fruitful ; fertile. Milton. 
PLE'NTEOUSLY. ad. [from pUnte^ui.] 

, Copioufly ; abundantly ) exuberantly. 

PLE'NTEOUSNESS. /. [from pUr.teoui.] 

inflammation of the pleura, remedied by 
evacuation, fuppuration or expectoration, 
or all together. 
PLEURI'TICAL. 7 ,. . ., ^ 

PLEU'RITICK. ^^- [fromf/f«ri/y.] 

1. Difeafed with a pleurify. Arbutbnot, 

2. Denoting a pleurify. Wiseman, 
PLI'aBLE. a. [pliable J ftompHer, French, 

to bend.] 

1. Eafy to be bent ; flexible. South, 

2. Flexible of difpofition ; eafy to be pec- 

PLI ABLENESS. /. [from pliable.] 
I. Fiexibility ; eafinefs to be bent. 
2- Fiexibility of mind. South, 

PLIANCY. /. [f torn pliant.] Eafinefs to be 
bene. Addijon, 

PLIANT, a. [pliant, French.] 

1. Bending; tough; flexile; 
lithe ; limber, 

2. Eafy to take a form. 

3. Ealily complying. 

4. Eafily perlua'ded. 
PLIANTNESS. /. [hem pliant.] Flexibili- 
ty ; toughnels. Bacon, 

PLI'CATURE. 7 /. [p'icatura, from pltco, 

PLICA'TION. 5 Latin.] Fold; double. 

PLI'ERS. /. [from/)/)'.j An inftrument by 

which any thing is laid hold on to bend if, 


flexible ; 





Abuadancs \ feitiiity, 

Genefii^ To PLIGHT, "j. a. [;plicbten, Dutch.] 

I. To 

P L O 

X.. To ple(^ge ; to give as furety, Shakefp, 

2. To braid j to weave. Spcnjer. 
PLIGHT. /. [plihr, Saxoj.] 

J. Condition } ftate. Shakefpeare. 

a. Good cafe. 7f#'''. 

3. Pledge i gage, [from the verb.] 


4. [From to plight.'] A fold ; a pucker j 
adoublej'a purflej a plait. Spenfer. 

PLINTH. }. [7rXiv&if.] In archlteaure, is 
that fqudre member which ferves as a foun- 
dation to the bafe of a pill'ir. Hanii. 

To PLOD. "V, n. [pkeghen, Dutch, Skinner. ^ 

J, To toil j to moil 5 to drudge j to travel. 

, Dry den, 

2. To travel laborioufly, Sbakefpeare. 

3. To ftudy clofely and dully. Hudibras, 
PLO'DDEll /. [from /'W.J A dull heavy 

laborious man. Sbakefpeare, 

PLOT. /. [pier, Saxon,] 

I, A f'.n all extent of ground, 1't'Jfer. 

a. A plantation laid out. Sidr.ey. 

3. A form ; a fcheme j a plan. Spenfer. 

4. A confpiracy ; a fecret defign formed 
againft another. Dan. 

5. An intrigue ; an affair complicated, 
involved and embarralTed. Rofcommon. 
€. Stratagem j fecret combination to any 
ill end. Milton. 
7, Contrivance 5 deep reach of thought. 

To PLOT. -v. n. [from the noun.] 

1. To form fchemes of mifchief againft 
another, commonly -gainft thofe in autho- 
rity. Dryden. 

3. To contrive j to fcheme, JVotton. 
To PLOT. 'v,a. 

1. To plan ; to contrive. 

2, To defcribc according to ichnography. 


PLO'TTER. /. [horn plot.] 

1. Confpirator. Dryden. 

z. Contriver- Sbakefpeare. 

PLO'VER. /. [pluvier, Trench j piwvialis^ 
Latin, j A lapwing. Carezv, 

PLOUGH. /. [pics, Saxon.] 

1. The inftrument with which the fur- 
rows arc cut in the ground to receive the 
feed. Mortimer, 

' 1. A kind of plane. 

To PLOUGH, "v. n. To praflife aration ; 

to turn up the ground in order to fow feed. 


To PLOUGH. 1/. a. 

1, To turn up with the plough. Dr>fden, 

2, To bring to view by the plough. Wood, 
5. To furrow j to divide. Addifon. 

4. To tear ; to furrow. S.bakeipeare. 
PLOU'GHBOY. /. [plough and boy.] A boy 

that follows the plough j a coarfe ignorant 

boy. Watts, 

PLOUGHER. /' \J\ompiovgh.'] One who 

P L U 

ploughs or cultivates ground. Spenfer, 

PLOUGH LA'ND. /. [plough and land.] A 

farm for corn. Donne, 

PLOU'GHiVIAN. /. [plough and man.] 

1. One that attends or ufes the plough. 


2. A grofs ignorant ruftick. Sbakefpeare, 

3. A flrong laborious man. Arbuthnot, 
PLOU'GHMONDAY. /. The monday after 

twelfth-d3y, Tvjfer, 

PLOUGHSHA'RE. /. [fhugh and fhare.] 
The part cf the plough that is perpendi- 
cular to the coulter. Sidney, 
To PLUCK. V. a. [ploccian, Saxon.] 

1. To pull with nimblenefs or force j to 
fnatch J to pull j to draw ; to force on er 
off; to force up or down. Gay, 

2. To ftrip of feathers. Sbakefpeare. 

3. To pluck up a heart or fpirit, A pro- 
verbial exprcffion for taking up or refuming 
of courage, Knolh, 

PLUCK./, [from the verb,] 

1. A pull j a draw J a fingle a£l of pluck- 
ing. L'Eji range. 

2. The heart, liver and lights of an ani- 

PLU'CKER. /. [from pluck.] One that 
plucks, Mortimer. 

PLUG. /. [pluggy Swedifh ; pluggbe, Dutch.] 
A ftopple ; any thing driven hard into an- 
other body. Boyle. Sivtft, 

To PLUG. V, a. [from the noun. J To flop 
with a plug. Sharp, 

PLUM. /. [plum, plumtjieop, Saxon. J 
J. A fruit. Locke, 

2- Raifin J grape dried in the fun, Shakefp, 

3. The lum of one hundred thoufand 
pounds. Addifon, 

4. A kind of play, called how many plums 
for a penny. Ainfivorth. 

FLU'MAGE. /. [plumage^ French.] Fea- 
thers ; fuit of feathers. Bacon. 

PLUMB./, [plomb, French.] A plummet; 
a leaden weight let down at the end of a 
line. Mcxon, 

PLUMB, ad. [from the noun.] Perpendi- 
cularly to the horizon. R'^y, 

To PLUMB, f. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To found ; to fearch by a line with a 
weight at its end. Sivift, 

2. To regulate any work by the plummet. 
PLUMBER. / [plomb'.er, French.] One 

who works upon lead. Commonly writ- 
ten and pronounced plummer. 

PLU'MBERY. / [from plumber.] Work? 
of lead ; the mianufaftures of a plumber. 

PLU'MCAKE. / [plum and cake,] Cake 
made with raifins. HudibraSo 

PLUME. /. [p'ume, French, plumj, Latin.] 

1. Feather of birds. Milton. 

2. Feather worn as an ornament. Shakefp, 

3. Pride } towering mien, Sbakefpeare. 

4. Tokeq 

P L U 

4. Token of honaur j prize of conteft. 


5. Plume is a term ufed by botanifts for 
that part of the feeJ of a plant, which in 
its growth becomes the trunk. 

To PLUME. 1/. a. [from the noun.] 

J. To pick and adjiift feathers. Mortimer', 

2. [/"/-^OTcT, French J To ftrip off feathers. 


3. T.-> rtrip ; to pill. Bacon. 

4. To place as a plume. M'lton. 

5. To adorn with plumes. Shakejpeare, 
PLUMEA'LLUM./ [alumen plumojum, La~ 

tin.] A kind of afbeftus. " JVilkins. 

PLUMI'GEROUS. a. [pluma ?^n^ gero,L^- 

tir.] Having feathers J feathered, 
PLU'MIPEDE. /. \pluma and pes, Larin ] 

A fowl that has feathers on the foot. Di^. 
PLU'MMET. /. [itomplumb^ 

1. A weight of lead hung at a ftring, by 
which depths are fjunded, and perpendicu- 
larity is difcerned, Milton, 

2. Any weiehr. Dufpa. 
PLUMO'SITY. /. [from p!,>mous.] The 

ftate of havirg feathers. 
iPLU'MOUS. a. \plumiux, French, plumofus, 

Latin.] Feathery j rel'embling feathers. 

PLUMP, a. Somewhat fat ; not lean j fleck ; 

full and fmooih. UEji'ange, 

PLUMP. /. [from the adjeaive.] A knvt j 

a luft ; a cluffer j a number jomed in one 

mifs. S^reiyr. 

To PLUMP. V. a. [from the adjective.] 

To fatten 5 to fArell j to make large. Bo)Ie, 
I'o PLUMP, -v. v. [from the adverb.] 

i. To fall like a ftone into the water. 

2. [From the adjedlive.] To be fwoilen. 

. , yjinfivortb. 

PLUMP. aJ. With a fuHdeo fJl. B. John. 

PLU'M'^ER./. Something worn in the mouth 

to 'well rut the checks. yivift, 

PLU'MPNESS. /. tulnefsj difpofitMn to- 
wards fiilne's. Nclvton, 
VLU MPORRIDGE /. [plum zn6 porridge.] 

P«''irdi;r.\v th plums. yiddij'on, 

Ku'MFUDDIN'G: /. [plum and pudding.-] ni (de with nurns. 
PLU'MPY. a. Plump J tat. Shakefpear'f. 
PLU'MV a. [from p ume.] Feathered j to- 

vfTC'- with fr.thers. Milton. 

^0 PLU'NDER. 1/. a. (plarder,Ti, Dutch ] 

1. Ty pJiij^e j to rob in an holciic w^y. 


2. To rob as a thief. Pope. 
i>LU'NDER. /. [from the verb,] P.-l-ue j 

!p' il^ g)tten'in war. Cnvay, 

PLU'NDERER. /. [from plunder.] 

J. Kodilc pillager ; fpoiler. 
, 1. Arh;<"fi a robber. ^Jdifott. 

TjVLimCE.v.a. [picnger, French.] 

i. To put fuddenly underwater, or under 

any thing fuppjled liquid, S)rydtr, 

P N E 

2. To pot into any ftate fuddenly. DryJen, 

3. To hurry into any difticfs. fVatts, 

4. Tu force in fuddenly. H^atts, 
To PLUNGE V. n, 

i. To fink fuddenly ioto water ; to dive. 


i. To fall or rufh into any hazard or di- 

ftrefs. billot fan,. 


1. Act of putting or finking under water. 

2. D fficulty ; ffrait ; dillrefs. Baktr. 
PLU'NGEON. /. Imergui, Latin.] A f;« 

bird, j^injiyortb, 

PLU'NGER f [from plunge ] Oae that 

plung?s j a diver, 
PLUJiVKET. /. A kind of blue colour. 
PLU'RAL. a, [pluraiis, Latin,] Implying 

more than one, Shukejpeare. 

PLU'RALIST. /. [pluralilie, French.] Oae 

that holds more ecclefialtical benefices thaa 

one with cure of fouK. Co:!ier» 

PLURA'LITY. /. [pluralit/, French.] 

I. The ftate of being or having a greater 

number. Bacon. 

7.- A number more than one. . Han.m:nd, 

3. More cures of fouls than one. 

if. The greater number j the majority. 

L' Efirange. 

PLU'RALLY. ^jJ. [from p/ura!.] ]n a fcnic 
iniplving more than one. 

PLUSH. /. ip/ucbe, French. A kind of vil- 
lous or fhcii;2y cloth ; fhjg. Boy'e, 

PLU'SHER. /. A fea fifh. Carew. 

PLUVIAL. 7 a. [from pluvia^ Latin. j 

PLUVIOUS. I Rainy j relating to rain. 


PLU'VIAL. /. [fhvtcil, French.] A pneit's 
cope. Atnfivortb, 

To Pl.Y. "v. a, [p'ien^ to work at any thing, 
eld Dutch.] 

I. To work on any thing clofely and im- 
portunately. Dr\den, 
i. To enriplc'y with diligence; to keep 
b'jfy ; to fet on work, Ht>dibras. 

3. To pra£tife diligently. Mihcn. 

4. To foiicic importunately. Souih, 
To PLY. 1/. n. 

1. To work, or offer fervice. j^ddifon, 

1, T' jio m halle. Milton, 
3. To dufy < ne's felf. i)r^den. 
A. [Pher^ Fr,] To bend. VEjirange, 

FLV. /. [from the verb.] 

i. Bent J turn; form; cart; biafs. 

s. Piait ; fold. Aibutbnt. 

PLY'ERS. /. See Pliers. 
PNEUM.VTICAL. 7 r i x -. 

PNEUMATICK. \ "' L'^";."«^'»^>--] 

i. Moved by wina ; leiative t.) wind. 


2. Cinfi'lm? of fpir-.t or wind.^ B 'co-. 
PNilUMATICfCS./. [pn^umat yi/<, French J 


I, A branch of mechanicks^ which con- 
4 Z riders 


fiders the doarine of the air, or laws ac- 
cording to which that fluid is condenfed, 
ratified, or gravitates. Harris. 

2. In the fch.^ols, the doarine of fpiritual 
lubftances, as God, angels, and the fouls of 

FNEUMATO'LOGV. /. [mivfAaroJ^oyU-] 
The dod>rine o( iViritual exiftence. 

To POACH, v, a. [oeijfs poche», French.] 
I. To boil flightly. _ Bacon. 

a To begin •Aithout completing: from 
the praftice of boiling eggs llightly. 

Bacon i 

3. [Pocber, French, to pierce.] To flab } to 
pu'Tce. Carezu. 

4. [From poche, a pocket.] To plunder 
by ftealth. Gartb. 

To POACH. T. «. [from fecbe, a bag, Fr.] 
I . To (leal game ; to carry off game pri- 
vately in a big. ' Oldbam, 
a. To be damp. Mortimer. 
FOA'CHARD. /. A kind of water fowl. 
FOA'CHER. /. [irom poacb.'\ One who 
fteals game. More, 
rOA CHINESS. /. Marfhinefsj dampnefs. 
A cant word. Mortimer, 
POA'CHY. a. Damp} marftiy. Mortimer. 
POCK. /. [Uouipox.'] A puftule raifed by 

the fmallpox. 
POCKET, /. [pocca, Saxon; pocbet, Fr.] 
the fmall bag inferted into cloaths. Priory 
To POCKET. 'V. a. [pocbeterj French, 
from the noun.] 

3, To put in the pocket. Pope. 

3. To Pocket /.'/). A proverbial form 

that denotes the doing or taking any thing 

clsndeftinely. Prior. 

PO'CKETBOOK. /. [pocket and book.] A 

paper book carried in the pocket for hafty 

notes. f^a(^^' 

PO'CKETGLASS /. [pocket and glafsj 

Portable looking- glafs. Stvifc. 

PO'CKHOLE. /. [pock and hole.] Pit or 

fear made by the fmallpox, Dent:e. 

PO'CKINESS./. [from pocky.} The ftate of 

being pocky. 

POCKY, a. [from pox.} Infefted with 

the pox. Denbam, 

I^OGU'l.ENT. a. [pocuhm, Latin.] Fit for 

drink. Baron. 

POD. f. [bode, Datch, a little houfe.] The 

capf'ile of legumes j the cafe of feeds. , 


PODA'GRTCAL. a. [Tro^ay^iKhf ^ro^dy^a.] 

J. AfHifted with the gout. Bro'wn. 

2. Gouty } relatin*^ to the gout. 

PO'DDER. /. [from pod.] A gatherer of 

peafecods. Di0, 

PODGE. /. A puddle ; a plafli. Skinner. 

rO'EM. /. Ipoemi, Latin ; Wn^ua.] The 

rvovk of a poet j « nisirical compofition. 

B?n, Jdrnjont 

P O I 

PO'ESY. /. \p„f,., French ; fcrp, Latin ; 

I. The art of writing poems. B.Johnfon. 
a. Poem j metrical compofition j poetry, 
3. A fhort conceit engraved on a ring or 
other thing, Shakefpeare. 

PO'ET. /, [poete, French ; poeta, Latin j 
TToiJjTK?.] An inventor J an author of fic- 
tion ; a writer of poems j one who writes in 
meafure. Milton, 

POE'TAS'TER. f. [Latin.] A vile petty 

PO'ETESS. /. [from poet j pica poetris, La- 
tin.] Aflie poet. 

POE'TICAL. 7>. [ircir^li-Aogi poeti^ue, Fr. 

POE'TICK. lpoeticus,LAt.] ExprefTed in 
poetry j pertaining to poetry j fuitable to 
poetry. Hale, 

POE'TICALLY. fli. [from poetical.] With 
the qualities of poetry j by the fidlion of 
poetry. ^Raleigh, 

To POETI'ZE. -v. n. (poetifer, French, from 
poet.] To write like a poet. Donne, 

POE'TRESS. /. A fhe poet. Spenfer, 

POE'TRY. /. ['ffoinr^ict.] 

1. Metrical compofition j the art or prac- 
tice of writing poems. Cleaveland. 

2, Poems J poetical pieces. Sbakefpeare, 
POIGNANCY./, [from poignant.] 

1. The power of ilimulating the palate; 
fharpnefs. Sivift, 

2. The power of irritation j afperity, 
POI'GNANT. a. [poignant, French.] 

1. Sharp ; {Emulating the palate, Locke, 

2. Severe ; piercing j painful. South, 

3. Irritating; fatirical j keen, 
POINT./, [poina, point, French.] 

1. The /harp end of any inftrument. 

2. A firing with a tag. Sbakefpeare, 

3. Headland j promontory, Addifon, 

4. A fling of an epigram. Dryden, 

5. An indivifible part of fpnce. Locke, 

6. An indivifible part of time j a moment, 

.7. A fmall fpace. Prior, 

8. Pun(Slilio J nicety. Milton. 

9. Part required of time or fpace ; critical 
moment ; exaft place, Aiterbury; 

10. D.'gree j f^ate. Sidney, 
J I. Note of diftini^ion in writing ; a flop. 

12. A fpotj a part of a furface divided by 
fpots ; divifion by marks, into which any 
thing is diftinguifhed in a circle or other 
plane : as, at tables the ace or fife point, 

13. One of the degrees into which the cir- 
cumference of the horizon, and the mari- 
ner's campafr, is divided. Bacon, 
14.. Particular place to v.'hich any thing 
is direded. Broivn, 
15. Refpedt j regard* Shakfpearf, 

16, An 

P O I 

16. An aim j the a6l of aiming or flrik- 
ing, Sbakefpeare, 

l-j. The particuhr thing required. Rojc, 

18. Particular} inftunce j example. 


19. A fingle pofitlon ; a fingle aHertion j 
a fingle part of a complicated queftionj a 
fingle part of any whole, Baker» 

20. A note 5 a tune. Sbjke'pfare. 
7.1. Pointbbnk j diredlly : as, an arruw is 
/hot to iht pointblankOT white mark. 

20. Pcint dt vife j exaft or exadly m the 
point of view. - Bjcoh, 

To POINT. V. tf. f from the noun.] 

I. To /harpen j to forge or grind to n po'nt. 


1. To dire^ towards an objei^-, by way of 

forcing it on the notice. Milto>:. 

3. To direct the eye or notice. Popie, 

4. To fhow as by diredting the finger. 


5. [Po/«rtfr, French.] To direfl toward, a 

6. To diftinguifh by flops or points. 
To POINT. 1: v. 

1. To note with the finger j to force upon 
the notice, by directing the finger towards 
it. Ray. 

2. To diftir.gui/h words or fentenccs by 
points. F(,rL's. 

3. To indicate as dogs do to fportfmen. 


4. To fhow. Siufr. 
POl'NTED. a. OT participle, [{rem point.] 

1. Sharp J having a (harp point or pic. 


2. Epigrammatical J abounding in cun- 

POrNTEDLY. ad. [from fcintid.] In a 
pointed manner, Dryd^r, 

POI'NTEDNESS. /. [from fainted.] 

1, Sharpnefs j pickednefs with afperity. 
Ben, ycbnjcn, 

2. Epigrammatical fmartnefs, Dryder,. 
POI'NTEL. /. Any thing on a point. D.rb. 
PQI'NTER. /. [from point,] 

1. Any thing that points. IFctti, 

2. A dog that points out the game to 
fportf^ien. C./y. 

POI'N TINGSTOCK. /. \ pointing and fock. j 
Something made the objcdl of ridicuJe. 


POI'NTLESS. a. [f torn point.] Blunt j net 
/harp J obtufe, - Dryden. 

POI'SON. /. [/>o'/<?«, French.] That which 
deftroys or injures life by a fmall quantity, 
and by means not obvious to the fenfcs j 
venom. James, 

To POI'SON. v.a. [from the noun, J 
I. To infcft with poifon. 
a. To attack, injure or kill by poifon gi- 
ven, a Mac, x. 


3, To corrupt J to tain^ Souk^fp'are. 

POI'SON-TREL. /. [t.xicodendror.] A 
Fl^nt. M.tier. 

POl'iONER. /. [from pofon.] 

I. One who poilons, Drydrn, 

■Z. A corrupter. S:urh. 

POl'SONOUS. a. [from poifyn.] Vcno- 
mous J having the qur.Lties of poifon. 

POrSON^OUSLY. ad. [from pvfonous.] V«. 
nom'Mjfly. South. 

POISONOrSNESS. /, [from poiforous.] 
Thj quality of being poifonous j vcao- • 
POI'TREL. /. Ipo'Brel, French.] 
I. Aimourfor the brealt of a horfe. 

Sk nner. 
2 A gravine: tool. Mrfioonb. 

POIZE /. {pvds, French.] 

1. Weight J fofce of any thing tending to 
the center. Spyrf^^r. 

2. Balance 5 equipoize j equilibrium. 


3. A regulating power. D'ydit. 
To POIZE, -v. a. Ipefcr, French.] 

1. To balance J to hold or place In equi- 
ponderance. Sidney, 

2. To be equiponderant to, Sbjk-fpeare. 

3. To weigh. Scuth, 

4. To opprefs with weight. Sbakffpeare, 
POKE. /. [pocca, Saxon, pcbe, French.] 

A pocket; a fmall bag. Camden. Drayton. 

To POKE. v.a. (/'5^.r, SweJifh.] To feel 
in the dark ; to leaich any thing with a 
long inftrument, Biown, 

PO'KER. /. [from poke.] The iron bar 
with which men ftir the fire. Szviff, 

PO'LAR. a. [poliire, French, from /jA-.] 
Fouiid near the pole ; lying near the polej 
ifluing from the p( le. Prior. 

POLA'RITV. /. [from polir.] Tendency 
to the pol?. Brozvn. 

PO'LARY. a. [po'aris, Latin.] Tending to 
the pcle J hiving a diredlion toward the 
polep. Brown. 

POLE. /. {poh/t, Latin; pde, French.] 

1. The extremity of the axis of the earth ; 
either ot the points on which the world 
turn?, Milton. 

2. A Jong ftafT, Bacon. 

3. A tall piece of timber crc(fted, Sbak f. 

4. A meafure of length containing five 
yard; and a half. Sp mer, 
5 An inftrument of rreafuring. Bacon, 

To POLE. v.a. [from the noun.] To fur- 
nifh with poI-S. Mortimer, 

PO'LEAXE. /. [pole and ax^.] An axe fixed 
to a long pole. - hoivel, 

PO'LECAT./. [Po/^orPoY/Z»cat.] The fit- 
chew ; a ftinking animal. VEJi arge, 

PO'LEDAVIES. /. A fort of coarfe chwh. 

4 Z 2 



POLE'MICAL. 7 a. [7roX£/>^t>to?.] Contro- 
POLEMICK. 5 veriialj difputative. 

POLE'MICK. /. Difputant j controvertift. 


POLE'MOSCOPE. /. [ttoXe/^©- and Q^ia- 
nixA In opticks, is a kind of crooked 
or oblique perlpedtive gUTs, contrived for 
feeing objedis that do not lie diiedly before 
the eye. Dia. 

rO'LESTAR. /. [pole And fiar.] 

I. Aftar near the pole, by wliich naviga- 
tors compute their northern latitude ; cy. 
nofure j lodeliar. pryde.u 

2.. Any guide or dlfeftcr. 

FO'LEY-MOUNTAIN. /. [poUum, Litin.] 
A plant. Miller. 

TO' LICE. f. [French.] The regulation aiid 
government of a city or countiy, fo far as 
.regards the inhabitants. 

PO'LICED. a. [from police'] Regulated ; 

^ formed into a regular coutfc of adminif- 

tration. Bacon, 

PO'LICY. /. [ntcXiiiU J piliiia, Lat.] 

1. The art of government, chiefly with 
xefped^ to foreign powers, 

2. Art ; prudence ; management of af- 
fairs J ftratagem. Shakefpeare, 

3. [Poli^a, Spjnifh] A warrant for mo- 
ney in I he publick funds. 

To PO'LISH. -v. a, [polio, Lit. polir, Fr.] 
I. To fmooth J to brighten by attrition j 
to glofs. Gra^r/iUe. 

z. To make elegant of manners. Milion, 
' To PO'LISH. 1/. «. To anfwer to the aft 
of poiilhing; to receive a glofs. Bacon, 

PO'LISH. /. [poll, poliffure, Fr.] 

1. Artificial glofs j brightncfs given by at- 
trition, NtiutoTt, 

2. Elegance of manners. Addijon. 
fO'LISHABLE. a. [from /.j///.] Capable 

of being poJifhed, ■ 
PO'LISHER. /. [from po'ifr.] The per- 
' fon or inftiument that gives a glofs, 

i'OLI'TE. a. I politics, Lat,] 

■ J. Gioffy J imootli; Netutbri. 
2. Elegant of manners. Pr>pe. 

POLITELY, ad. [i\om polife.'] With tle- 

gun'^e ot n;jnners ; genieeily. 
POLl'TENESS. /. {p^litfffe, Fr. from po- 
' lite.'] Eiegance of manneis j gentility j 

good breediijg. Sivifi* 

POLI'TiCAL. a. [7:oX(7t;<o;.] 

■ I. Relating to politicks j relating to the 
sdminiitration of publick afi^'jirs. Rogen. 
7.. Cunning j fkilful. 

POLITICALLY, ad', [ poHticaK] 

J, Wiih relation to publick adminjiira- 


a. Artfully ; politickly. KnoVet, 

FUl'ITICA'STER. /. A {)ctty igncant 

pie'enfier to politicks. 
rOLlTi'ClAN. /. [poii'ci.ny Fr,] 


1. Oncjverfed in the arts of government | 
one fkilled in politicks. Dryden-. 

a. A man of artifice j one of deep contri-. 
vance. MtltoK, 

PQ'LITICK. a. [TroXtlixJ-.] 

I. Political J civil. Tewple. 

a. Prudent ; verfed in affairs. Sbakcfpeare^ 
3. Artful J cunning. Bacon, - 

PO'LITICKLY. ad, [f torn politick.] Ar\^ 
fully ; cunningly. Shakefp'are. 

PO^LITICKS. /. [ politique, Fr. 9reX;hxfl\] 
The fcience of government ; the art or 
praflice of adrniniftring publick affairs. 


PQ'LITURE. /. The glofs given by the aft 
of polirtiing. 

PO'LITY. /. [7roXiTeirt.] A form of go- 
vernment ; civil coriftitution. Hooker, 

POLL. /. [polle, pol, Dutch/ the top.] 

1. The head. Shak^Jpeare, 

2. A catalogue or lift of perfons } a re- 
gifler of heads". ^bjk'fpeare, 

3. A fifh called generally\ a chub. A cher- 

To POLL. V. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To lop the top of trees. Bacott, 

2. In this fenfe is ufed, poUed flieep. 


3. To pull off hai? from the head j ,t<> j 
clip /hort ; to fhear. Ezekiel, 4 

4. To mow ; to crop. Sbakf/pnare, 

5. To plunder J to ft ip ; to pill. 

Spenfer, Bacon. 

4. To take a lifl or regifter of perfons. 

5. To enter one's name in a lift or regifter. 


6. To infert into a number as a voter, 

PO'LLARD. /. [from poll,'] 

1. A tree lopped. Bacon, 

2. A clipped coin. Camden, 

3. Trie chub fift. 

PO'LLEN. /. A fine powder, commonly 
underflood by the word farina j as alfo a 
f irt of fin<^ bran. Bailey. 

PO'LLENGER. /. Brufhwood. Tujer. 

PO'LLER. /. [from poll.] 

1. Robber J pillager j plunderer. Bacon, 
z. He who votes or polls. 

PO'LLEVIL. /. [/W/andtW/.] Pdkvil is 
a large fwelling, infi-imniation or impof- 1 
thuii<e in the horle'a poll or nape cf the 
neck. Farrier'^s DiSi, 

PO'LLOCK. /. A kind of filh, Cartw, 
To POLLUTE. V. a, [polluo, Lat.] 
' I. To make unclean, in a religious fenfe j I 
to defile. Sbakejpeare, 

2. To taint with guilt. Milton, 

3. To corrupt by mixtures of ill, Dryden% 

4. Milton ufes thns word in an uncommon 

POLLU'TEDNESS. /, [from /9 7.v/£,] Da- 
fi.emtnt • the liiie cf being poliuied. 



POLLUTER. /. [from fjllute.] Defiicr ; 
corrupter. Dryden. 

POLLUTION. /. [pollutio, Lat.] 

1. The act of defiling. ^y^'fff- 

2. Theftateof being defiled } defilemenc. 

PO'LTRON. /. A coward ; a nidgit j a 

fcoundrel. Sbakrjpfate. 

PO'LY. /. [polium, Lit.] An herb, jinijzu. 
PO'LY. [ttoXl'.] a prcri» often found in 

J he compofition of words derived from the 

Greek, and intimating multitude : as,f>oiy- 

gort, a figure of many angles. 
POLV'ACOUSTICK. a. [ttoXC i und a yJ^ ] 

Any thing that multiplies or magnifies 

POLY'ANTHOS. /. [ woXJ^and av7<^. ] 

A plant. Mi/'er. 

POLYE'DRICAL. 7 a. [from 7ri\vi^^(^ ; 
POLYL'DIIQUS. S r^h^dre^ Fr.J Hivirg 

many fiHes. V/ccdwa'd, 

POLY'GAMIST. /. [from/»5/j^vwy.J One 

that holds the lawlulnel's or more wives 

than one at a time. 
POLY'GAMY. /. {^poJygav:ie^ Fr. Tr.jXij-a- 

/:*;«.] Piurality of waves. Graur.t. 

PO'LYGLOT. a. {^^oKvyXw-rt^ 5 prjlygiotte^ 

Fr,] Having many languages. Ihivel. 
PP'LYGON. 7. [TToUq in^ yxv.a..] A fi- 
gure of many angles. IVutls, 
POLYGONAL, a. [from /)%o«.J Haiing 

many angles. 
PO'LYGRAM. /. [■7:Q\C;znAy^cLix[j.a.'\ A 

figure confiiling of a great number of hue . 
POLY'GRAPHY. /. [ 770: u; and y^^a^^n. J 

The art of wririny in fcvcral unufual man- 
• ners or cyphers. 
EOLY'LOGY. /. [ttoxJj and Xc>.o.:.] Talk- 

ativenefs. DiB, 

POLY'MATHY. /• [tt^/.u? and ^av'^ava;.] 

The knowledge of many aits and fciences j 

alfo an acquaintance with many dfi'erent 

POLY'PHONISiVT. /. [ tio^-j; and *»;;r, ] 

Multiplicity > f Aiund. DcrLair. 

POLYPE'TALOUS.fl. [TroWjand TT.Tahov.] 

Having many petals. 
fOLY'FODY. jr. [folypodru7r.,Lm:\.] A 

plant. Bjcon, 

PO'LYPOUS. a. [from fofypjs.] Having 

the nature ot a polypus j having ma.ny 

feet or roots, 
fOLY'PUS. J. [^oXv^Bg; polyp:, Fr.] 

J, folypui fignifies any thing in general 

with many roots or fcer, as a fwelling in 

the noftrils j but it is Jikcwife applied to 

a tough concretion of grumous blood in the 
heart and arteries. S^incy. 

2. A fea animal with many feet. Popf. 
FO'LYSCOPE. /. [tioXv; and ^xcttIo;.] A 

multiplying glafs. 
POLY'SPAST. /. [polypafu, Fr.] A ma- 

chine confiftinp of manj pullies. 
POi-Y'SPERMOUS a, [weXyjand ^Tr?;-^,] 


Thof* plants are thus called, which have 
more than four feeds fuccecding each flow- 
er, and this without any certain order or 
nurr.ber. SJuincy. 

POLYSYLLABICAL. a. [nom polyfylla- 
bU.] Hiving many fyllablesj pertaining 
to a polyfyllablc. Did, 

POLYS YLLABLE./. [wjXyjaad ^yXXa/^^.J 
A word of many fyllablcs. HJder, 

POLY'SYNDETON. /. [-noXixrv-ililoy.^ \ 
figure of thctorick by which the copula- 
tive is often repeated : as, I came and 
Uw and ovctam?. 

POLYTHEISM. /. [ttoxJ; and Qil;.] The 
dot>rine of plurality of gods. Stillingjieet, 

POLY'THEIST. /. [-rrcXviz^ni ^ih;.\ One 
that hulds plurality of gods. 

PG'MrtCE. /. \pomaceum, Lat. J Thedrofs 
of cyder prefiirtg". 

POMACEOUS. a. [hoxn pomum, Uun. '^ 
Confirtingcf apples. Philitt. 

PO'.MADE. /. [pomade, Fr. pomado, IcaJ J 
A fr.3gr.:nl uintjiient. 

POMANDER. /. [porrme d'amlre, Fr.] 

A fwrcet bail j d periumed ball or powder. 


POMA'TUM. f. [Latin,] An o!ntm."nt. 

To POME. V. n. [pommer, Fr.] To grow 
to a rr.und head l>kc an apple, 

POMEC.'TRON. /. Iporr.e'aaidtror.'l A 
cit;ron apple. DiSI* 

POMEGRA.'NATE. /. [p-tKum granatum, 

1. The tree. Skjkefpeari, 

2. The fruit. Peacham, 
PO'MEROY. 7/. A fort efapule. 
PO'MEROYAL. 5 A:pJ'ivo'(b, 
PO'MIFERO'JS. a. [pomif'.r, Latin.] A 

t^rm aupiicd to plants which have the 
hrgeft Jruir, and arc covered with thick 
hard rind. 

POMMLL. /. [porreau, Fr.] 

I. A round bajj or kn:-b. Sidney. 

1. The knob that bdlances the blade of 
the fword. Sidney, 

5. The protuberant part of the faddie bc- 
t- re. Dryden. 

To POMMEL, f . a. To beat black and 
blue J to bru'fe J to punch. 

POMP./, {f>Tj:pa, Lat,] 

i. Splendour 5 pride. Sh.iiep^ji'f. 

2 A [iioctilion of fplendour and oilenta- 
tion. Dryden. ^Jdtfcn, 

PO^MPHOLYX. /. Pcmpholyx is a white, 
li^ht and very triable fobl^ance, found in 
cruds adhering to the domes cf the fur- 
naces and to the covers of the large cruci- 
bles. /,',//. 

POMPION. /. [pompon, Tt.] A pufiikin. 

PO'MPIRE. /. f/ic^-WOT and /yrai, Latin] 
A fort of pearmain. Amjivortb, 

PO'MPOUb. a. [pjmpeux, Fr.j Splendid ; • 
mag uificent j grand. Pope, 



PO'MPOUSLY. ad, [from pmpous. 2 Mag- 
nificently 5 fplendidly. Dryden, 

PO'MPOUSNESS. /. \Sxompo>«poui.-] Mag- 
n.ficeacej fplendour j fliowineisj oftenta- 
tioufnefs. Jlddijon, 

POND. /, A fmall pool or lake of water j 
a bafon 5 water not running or emitting 
any ftream. Woodivard, 

To POND. -v. a. To ponder. Stevj^r. 

To PO'NDER. -v, a. [pordero, Latin.] To 
weigh mentally j to coniider j to attend. 


To PO'NDER. V. n. To think j to mufe. 
With 0!t. Dry den, 

PO'NDER AL. a. [hom pondus, Lat.] Efti- 
mated by weight j diftinguifhed from nu- 
rrxtTz], Arhuthnot, 

PO'NDERABLli, a.. lU^m ponder 0, Latin.] 
Capable to be weighed j menfuraiile by 
^"cale?. Bro%vn. 

PONDER ATION. /. [from/>o;; Lat.] 
The aft of weighing. xirbuthtm, 

PONDERER. /. [from pondcr.'l He who 

PONDERO'SITY. /. [ from fonderouz. ] 
Weight J gravity j heavinefs. Broivn, 

PONDEROUS, a. [ponder ojus.'] 

1. Heavy J weighty. Bacon. 

2. Important ; momentous. Shahefpeare, 

3. Forcible j ftrongiy impulfive. Dryden. 
FO'NDERqUSLy. ad, [from pondtrous.] 

Wnh great' weight. 
PO'NDEROUSNESS. /. [hom ponderous.-] 

Heavinefs ; weight j gravity, Boyle. 

PO'NDWEED. /. A plant. Airf-wonh. 
PO'NENT. a. [toventc, Italian.] Wefiern. 

Milt 073. 

PONIARD./, {pn'gfiard, Fr. pug!o, Latin.] 

A dagger J a fiiort ftabbing weapon. 

To PO'NfARD. v, a. [polgnardier^'Fi. ] 

To flgb with a poniard. 
PONK. /. A nodlurnal fpirit.j a hag. 

PO'NTAGE. /. [pom, psntis, bridge J Duty 

P^id for the reparation of bridges. Ayliffe. 
PO'NTIFF. /. [ponttfex, Lat.] 

I. A prieft j a high prieft. Bacon. 

a. The pope. 
PONTI'FICAL. a. [pontifical, Fr. pontifi- 

calls, Lit.] 

1. Belonging to an high prieft. 

2. Popiih. Baker. 

3. Splendid J magnificent. SBakefpeare. 
4' [From ^»i and /tfao.] Bridge-build- 



PON II'FiCAL. /, [pontificale, Latin.] A 
book containing rites and ceremonies eccle- 
iiaftical. Stil/irgjleet, 

PONTITICALLY. ad. [from pontifical.] 
In a pontifical manner. 

PONTIFICATE. /. [pontificatus,Ut.'\ Pa- 
pacy j popedom. Mdijen, 


PO'NTIFICE. /. [pomznifaeio.1 Bridge- 
work j edifice of a bridge. 

PO'NTLEVIS. /. Irt horfeman/hlp, is a 
diforderly refifting aaion of a horfe in dif- 
obedience to his rider, in which he rears 
up feveral time3 runnipg. Baiky. 

PO'NTON. f. [Fr.] A flo;iting bridge or in- 
vention to pafs over water : it is made of 
two great boats placed at fome diftance 
from one another, both planked over, as 
is the interval between them, with rails on 
their fides. Military Diii, 

PO'NY./. Afmallhorfe. 

POOL. /. [pul, Saxon.] A lake of ftand- 
ing water. 

POOP. /. ipouppe, Fr. puppisy Lat.] The 
hindmofl pare of the ihip, Knolles, 

POOR. a. Ipauvre, Fr, povre, Spanifli,] 

I. Not rich ; indigent j neceflitous ; op- 
prefTed with want. Pops, 
■z. Trifling} narrow ; of little dignity, 
force or value. Bacon, 

3. Paltry J mean; contemptible, Davies. 

4. Unimportant. Sivift, 

5. Unhappy ; uneafy. Waller, 

6. Mean j depreffed j low j dejefted. 


7. [A word of tendernefs.J Dear. Prior. 
8- [A word of flight contempt,] Wretch- 
ed, Baker, ' 

9. Not good J not fit for any purpofe. 


10, 7be Poor. Thofe who are in the 
loweft rank of the community 5 thofe who 
cannot fubfift but by the charity of others, 


II. Barren J dry: as, a^wrfoil. 

12. Lean J ftarved j emaciated: aSf^psor 
horfe. Ben, Jobnfon, 

13. Without fpirit ; flaccid. 
POORLY, ad. [hoTCt poor.] 

I. Without wealth. Sidney, 

a. Not profperoufly J with little fuccefs. 


3. Meanly J without fpirit. Sbakefpeare, 

4. Without dignity. IVotton, 
POORJOHN. /. A fort of fifh. 
POO'RNESS. /. [from poor.] 

I. Poverty; indigence j want. Burnet. 

a. Meannefs ; lownefis j want of dignity. 

3. Sterility ; barrennefs. Bacon. 

POO'RSPIRITED. a. [poor and fpirit.] 

Mean 5 cowardly. Dennis, 


cowardice. South, 

POP. /, [poppyfmoy Lat.] A fmall fmart 

quick found. Addifon, 

To POP. v. n. [from the noun,] To move 

or enter with a quick, fudden and unex- 

pe£ted motion, Sbahfpearet Sivi/t, 

To POP. -v, a, 

I. Te 


I. To put out or in Tuddenly, fl!ly or uor 
expedledly. Hbakejpeare, 

a. To (hi ft. Locke, 

POPE. /. [p.JpJ, Lat. TTcTrTra:.] 

1, The bjlhop of Rome. Pear bam. 

2. A fmall fi(h, by fome called a ruiYt. 

POTEDOM. /. [pope and dom.] Papacy j 

papal dignity. Sbakejp:are. 

PO'PERY. /. [(torn pope.'] The religion of 

the church of Rome. Sivifr. 

PO'PESEYE. /. [pope and eye."] The gland 

Surrounded with fat in the middle ot the 

PO'FGUN. /, [pop and gun.] A gun with 

which children play, that only makes a 

noife. Cbeyne. 

POPI NJAY. [papegay, Dutch j papagayo, 


1. A parrot. A/ham. 

2. A woodpecker, 

3. A trifling fop. Shale'peir?. 
POPISH, a. [from/.'/?.] T-'Jght'by the 

pope J peculiar to popery. Hooker. 

PO'PISHLY. ad. [from popljh.] With ten- 
dency to popery j in a'popi/h manner. 


PO'PLAR. /. [peupUer,Fr.pcpu!us, Latin,] 
A tree. 

PO'PPY. /. [popi5, Say. papavrr, Lit.] A 
plant. Of this are eighteen fpecies.' 

PO PULACE. /. [p-'puigce, Fr. from p-pu- 
/us, Lat.j The vulgar J the multitude. 

PO'PULACY. /. [fcpuJace, Fr.] The ccm- 

mon people j the inukitudc. 

Decay of Piety. 
PO'PULAR. a. [pr.pulaite, Fr. p^iubr-.i, 


1. Vulg?r 5 plebeian. MUtcn, 

a. Suitable to the conimon people. Ho:,hr, 

3. Beloved by the people j -leafing to the 
people. Hooker^ Clarendon. 

4. Studious of the favour of the people. 


5. Prevailing or raging among the popu- 
lace : as, a ^^/v^iTr diflemper. 

POPULARITY. /. [populantai, Lat.] 

1. Gratioulnefs ..mung the people; ftate 
of being favoured by the people. Dryden, 

2. Reprcfcntation (uited to vulgar c ncep- 
tion. Bacon. 

PO PULARLY. d;7. [hoxt\ p^pular.] 

1. In a popular manner j lo as to plcafe 
the crowd. Dryden, 

2. According to vulgar conception, 


Tj PO'PULATE. f. n. [from p-puhs, peo- 
ple.] To t.recd people. Bacon. 

POPULATION. /. [from ppularc.] The 
ftate of a country with rcl^edt to num- 
bers of people. Bacor, 

P O R 

POPULO'SITY. /. [from p-pulous.] Po- 
puloufnefs j multitude of people. Brc-^n, 

PO'PULOUS. a. [populofus, Lat.] Full of 
people; numcroally inhabited. AI Iron, 

POPULOUSLY, ad. [from populous. ] With 
much people, 

PO'PULOUSNESS. /. [from p-pubus.j The 
ftate of abounding with people. Temple^ 

PO'RCELAIN. /. [porcehine, Fr.] 

I, Chuia 5 china ware. Brcwr, 

1. [Portulaca, Ldt ] An herb. Ainhvortb, 

PORCH./, [p-.'che,^^ porticus,Lzt.] 

1. A roof lupported by pillars before a 
door ; an entrance. Ben. John/on. 

2. A portico ; a covered walk. 


PO'RCUPINE. /. [pore efpiox f/rV French.] 
The f.oicupin?, when full grown, is as 
large as a modera!% pig : the quills, -with 
which its whole body is covered, are black 
on the fhoulders, thighs, fides and belly j 
on the back, hips and loins they are varie- 
gated with white and pale brown: there is 
no other difference between the porcupine 
of Malacca and that of Europe, but that 
the former grows to a larger fize. Hill. 

PORE. /. [pore, Fr. tt^j©^.] 

1. Spiracle of the ikin J pa/rdg;e of perfpi- 
ration. Bacon. 
a. Any narrow fpiracle cr pafTage. 


•To PORE. v. n. To look with gresr in- 
tenfenefs and care. Shakefpeare, 

POREBLIND. a. [commonly written /ar- 
b:ind. ] Nearfighted j fhortfightcd. 


PO'RINESS. /. [from /ory.J Fullnefs of 
P^r^-^. f-f^'ifcman, 

PORI'STICK mefbcd. [TTCs-nxc;.] la ma- 
thematicks, is that which detcrmmes when, 
by what means, and how many different 
ways a problem may befolved. Di^, 

PORK. /. [pore, Fr. ponus, Lat.J Swinea 
fle/h un faked. Floyer, 

PO'RKER. /. [from porh] A hog j a pig. 


PO'RKEATER. /. [perk and eater.] One 
who feeds on pork. Shakefpeare^ 

PO'RKET. /. [from pork.] A you.og hog. 


PO'RKLING. /. [.^rom pork ] A young 
pip. Tujfer, 

POROSITY. /, [from porous.] QuaJiry 
of having pores. Bacor, 

PO'ROUS a. [poreux, Fr. from pore."] Hav- 
inp fmall fpirdclcs or paffages. Milton. 

POROUS>JESS. /. [from porous.] The 
qu'"rv of having pnres. D'zH 

POMPHYRE 7 /. [from -no^^'^cL; pori 

PO'R. HYRY. J fbyric.f^ Lit. j Marble 
of a pi'ticuUr kind. Locke, 

PORPOISE I f. [rorc P'iJoK^fT.] The 

PQ'RtUS, i lea-hog. Lo:ke, 


P O R 

PORRA'CEOUS. a. \ porraceui, Lat. for- 
race, Fr.j Greeni/h. IVijeman, 

PO'RRET. /. {forrum, Lat.] A fcail/on. 


PO'RRiDGE. /. [from forrum, a Jeek. j 
Food made by boiling meat in water j 
broth. Shakejpeare. 

PO'RRIDGEPOT. /. [ porridge and pot. ] 
The pot in which meat is boiled for a itH' 

PO'RRINGER. /. [from porridge.] 
1. A veflcl m which broth is eaten. 


a. It feems in Sbake/f>eare''s time to have 

been a word of contempt tor a headdrefs. 


PORRE'CTION. /. [porrefiis, Latin.J The 
aft of reaching forth. 

PORT./, [port, Fr./»or/«f,Lat.] 
X. A harbour j a fafe ttation for fli'ps. 

«. [Porta, Lat.] A gate. Shew all thy 
praifes within the ports of the daughter of 
Sion. Ffalms. 

^. The aperture in a /hip, at which the 
gun is put out. Raleigh. 

4i Carriage j airj mien j manner} bear- 
ing. Fairfax. 

To PORT. V. a. [porta, Lat. porter, Fr.j 
To carry in form, Milton. 

PO'RTABLE. a. [portabilis, Lat.] 
I. Manageable by the hand, 
a. Such as may be borne along with* one. 


3. Such as Is tranfported or carried from 
one place to another. Locke. 

4. SufFerable 5 fupportable. Shakej'f^eare. 
PO'RTABLENESS./. [ixoxn portable.] The 

quality of being portable. 
PCRTAGE. /. [portage, Fr.] 

1. The price of carriage. 

2. Porthole. Shah^peare. 
PO'RTAL. /. [portail, Fr. pcrtelh, leal.] 

A gate i the arch under which the gate 

opens. Sandys. 

PO'RTANCE. / [h^m porter, Fr.] Air ; 

mien J port; demeanour. 


PORTA'SS. /. A breviary j a prayer book. 

PORTCU'LLIS. 7 f. [portecovHJe, Fr.] A 
PO'RTCLUSE. 5 fort of machine like a 

harrowj hung over the gates of a city, to 

be let dcwn to keep ouc an euemy. 

To PO'RTCULLIS. 'v. a. [from the noun.] 

To bar ; to ftut U|:. Sbdkefp^ore. 

PO'RTED. a. [ p'rter, Fr. ] B^riiC in a 

certain or regular oider. 
ToPORTE'ND. 'v.a. [porterdo,^^^] To 

foretoken j to forefhov^ as omens. 

PORTE'NSION. /. [from portend.] The 

aflt of foftokeriirg; Eyo-ivr*- 

P O R 

P0RT:E'NT. /. [portentum,Ui.i; Omcri 
of ill J prodigy toretokening milery. 


PORTE'NTOUS. a. [portertofus, Lat. from 
portent.] Moniirous j prodigious j fore- 
tokening iil. Rojcommon. 

PO'RTER. /. [power, Fr. frbm po,ta, L»t. 
a gate.] 

1. One that has the charge of the ga>e. 

Ben. Johtijifi. 

2. One who waits at the door to receive 
melTages. Pope. 

3. Oae who carries burthens for hire. 


PO'RTERAGE. / [hom portsr.] Money 
paid for carriage. 

PO'RTESSE. /. A breviary. 

PO'RTGLAVE. /. [p.rter and gfai-ve, Fr. 
and Erfe.] A fword-bearer. Ainjihortb^ 

PO'RTGRAVE. 7 /. [ /,orM, Latin, and 

PO'RTGREVE. J gra-ve, Teut. a keep- 
er.] The keeper of a gate. Obfolete. 

PO'RTICO. /. [porticus, hit. portico, Ital.] 
A covered walk j a piazia. DrydeK, 

PORTION. /. [part ion, Fr. portio, Lat. J 

1. A part. Waller. 

2. A part afligned j an allotment ; a di- 
vidend. Waller. 

3. Part of an inheritancs given to a child j 
a fortune, Prioro 

4. A wife's fortune. 

To PO RTION. 1/, a. [from the noun.] -J 
I. To divide ; to parcel. JRoive, \ 

t. To endow with a fortune. Pope. 

PO'RTIONER. /. [ from p:<rti6n. ] One 
that divides. 

PO'RTLINESS. /. [frpm portly.] Dignity 
of mien j graadeur of demeanour. 


PO'RTLY. a. [from ^jr^] 

1. Grand of mien. Sp'.nfero 
a. Bulky } fweiling. Sbakejpare, 

PO'RTMAN. /. [pert and man.] Aa in- 

j, habitant or burgeis, as thofe ©f the cinque 

PORTMA'NTEAU. /, [pcrtemanteau, Fr.| 

A chefl or bag in which cloaths are carried, 


PO'RTRAIT. /. \prurtrait, Fr.] A pic- 
ture drawn after me life. Priori 

To PO'RTRAIT. -v. a. [pourtraire, Fr.jTo 
draw 5 to portray, Spenjer.. 

PO'RTRAITUKE. /. [pourtraiture, Fren.} 
Piclure 5 paintfd refemblance. Broivn. 

To PO'RTRAY. v. a. [pourtraire, Fr.j 
Ji To paint j to delcribe by piilur«j» 


2. To adorn with pidlures. A:'i/ ok,' 
PO'RTRES^./. [from porter.] A feiYule 

guardian of a gate. tivft. 

PO'RV/iGLE. /. A tadpole or young frog 

not yet tully Ihapcd, Broivn^ 


P o s 

Pb-'RY. a. [foreux, Fr. from pire.'\ Full 

of pores. Dryden, 

To POSE. v. a. 

1. To puzzle J to gravel j to put to a ftand 
or ftop. Herbert, 

2. To appofe j to interrogate. Bacon. 
PO'SER. /. [from p.fe.] One that alketh 

queflions to try capacities j an examiner. 
POSITED, a. [ psjitus, Lat. ] Placed j 

ranged. Hale. 

POSITION. /. [pofitioTS, Fr. pofitio^ Lat.] 

1. State of being placed 5 iuuation. 


2. Principle laid dowh. Hooker. 

3. Advancementof any principle. Brown. 

4. [In grammar.] The ftate of a vowel 
placed before tv/o confonants. 

POSITIONAL, a. [ from fofuion. ] Re- 
fpe£ling pofition. Broun. 

PO'SITIVE. a. [pofili-vus, Lat.] 

J. Not negative j capable of being affirm- 
ed J real ; abfolute. Locke. 
a. Abfolute j particular 5 dire£i J not im- 
plied. Bacon, 

3. Dogmatical j ready to lay down notions 
with confidence. Rymer, 

4. Settled by arbitrary appointment. 


5. Having the power to enaft any law. 

6. Certain ; aflured. ^irjwortb. 
PO'SinVELY. ad. [from pofiti-ve.] 

1. Abfolutely j by way ot diredt pofition. 

Si Not negatively. BcntUy. 

3, Certainly j without dubitatlon. 


4. Peremptorily ; in ftrong terms. i>pratt, 
PO'SITIVENESS. /. [from pc/itive.j 

i. Attualnefs j not mere negation. 

Nor I is, 
a. Peremptorinefs ; confidence. 

Go-vernment oj" the Torgue, 
POSITI'VITY./. [fn.m fojin^e.] Peremp- 
torincfs j confidence. A low word. 

PO'.TTURE. /. [pcfitura^ Lat.] The man- 
ner in which any thing is placed. 


PO'SNET. /. [from bijfiret, Fr.] A little 

bafon ; a porringer j a Ikillet. Bacon, 

PO'aSE, /. [ Latin. ] . An armed power. 

A low word. Bacon, 

To POSSE'SS. V. a. [pojejfut, Lat.] 

J. T) have as an owner j to be mailer of j 
to enjoy or occupy adually. Careiv. 

2. To i'eize j to obtain, Hayivard, 

3. To give pofi'eflion or command of any 
thing } to make mafter of. Sbakefpearei, 

4. To fill with fomething fixed. Addijon. 

5. To have p.owcj over, as an unclean 
Ipuit» B»Jiir}im',n, 

^ O S 

6. To affect by inteftine power« 

' Shakefpeare^ 

POSSE'SSION. /. [P'M^on, Fr. pojfeffio, 

Lar.J The flate of owning or having in 

one's own hands or power. 

POSSESSIVE, a, [pojjejfi-vus , Lat.] Hav- 

ing pofleflion. 
PO'SSESSORY. a, [ pcffejfoire, Fr. from 
po(ftli.'\ Having polfelJion. Ho-wel. 

PObbESSOUR. /. [p'PJfor, L2.i, fojfejfeur, 
Ft.'\ Owner J mailer j proprietor. 

Stilling fieet, 

PO'SSET. /. Ipofca, Lat.] Milk curdled 

with wine or any acid. Suckling, 

To POSSET; 1/. a. [from the noun.] To 

turn J to curdle : as milk with acids. 

POSSIBI'LITY. /. [p:[fihilite, Fr.] The 
power of being in any manner j the ilateof 
being pofiible, Norris. 

POSSIBLE, a. [poJfiile,Fr.poftiitis,Ut.} 
Having the power to be or to be done j 
not contrary to the nature of things, 

PO'SSIBLY. ad. [from poffM.] 
I. By any power really exilling. 

Hooker. Miltcfit 
a. Perhaps; without abfiiidity. C/ijrfncicB, 
POST./. [/#,Fr.] 

I. A hifty mcdcnger j a courier who come* 

and goes at ftated times. Ber. Jobnfon, 

z. (iaick courfc or manner of travelling. 


3. Situation; feat, Burnet, 

4. Military ftation. Addifon, 

5. Place ; employment ; office. Collier, 
6 A piece of timber fee ere£l, JVotton, 

To POST.> -v.n. [p:Mi Fr. from the 
ncun.j To travel with fpeed, 

Daniel. U'allh 
To POST. v.a. 

1. Tp fix opprobriou.'ly on pofts. 

King Charles, 

2. [P^P^r, Fr.] To place ; to ftation ; to 
fix. Addi/on* 

3. To regifler methodically ; to tranfcribe 
from otiC bock into another. Arkuth, 

4. To^elay, Sbak^psare, 
PO'STAGE, /. [irom poJi.'\ Money paid for 

conveyance of a letter. Dryden, 

PO'STBOY. /. [poji and boy.'^ Courier ; bey 

that rides p.if^. Tatlet , 

To PO'STDATE. -y. a. [poJi, after, Latia J 

and date.\ To date l*ter than the real 

POSTDILU'VIAN. a. [poJi and dilwvium, 

Lat:n.] Poller. or to the flood. fVotdiv. 
POSTDILU'VIAN. /. [poJlznA diluvium, 

Latin.] One that lived hnce the flood. 

PO STER. /. [from pji.] A courier ; om 

that travels haftily. Sh^kijpeart. 

POSiE'RIOR. a. [^j,'?<rr;V, Latio.] 

5 A 2< Hap" 

P o s 

1. Happening after j placed after j fol- 
lowing. Bacon, 
2j BukwaH. P'pe. 

POSTF.'RJORS. /. [/-o/ymVtf, Latin.] The 
hinder psrts. Sivift. 

POSTi^'RIORITY. /. Ipoprhrite, French ; 
from po/urior.] The itate of being after j topiioriry. Hale. 

POSTE'RITY. /. {popntas, Latin.] Suc- 
ceeding generations •jdekenAznts.Smalridge. 

PO'STERN. f. \poJierne, Dutch.] A in,all 
gate ; a little door, Fairfax. 

POSTEXI'STENCE. /. [pofl and exifterce.'] 
Future exiftenci-. Addi\on. 

PO-'iTHA'CKNEY. /. {poji and backr.ey.\ 
Hired poflh<.rfcs. Wotton. 

POSTHA'STE, /. [poJi and hcip.] Hafte 
like ihat of a courier. Hakeiv'tll, 

PO'STHORSE. /. [poJiznAhorfe.'] A horfe 
i>afioned f-r the ufe of couriers. Shakejp, 

PO'STHOUSE. /. \p^,J} znA hovje.] Poflof- 
fice ; houle where letters are taken and 
difpatche«-^. JVatts, 

POSTKUMOUS. a. [popkumus, L^t. pofl. 
kume, French.] Done, had, or publifhed 
sfter one's death, Addifon, 

PO'STICK. ?;. [/)£/?/6W, Latin.] Backward. 


PO'STIL. /. {p'.fiiHc, Fr. p^fiilh, Latin.] 
Glofs j marginal notes. 

To PO'STIL. i>. a. [from the noun.] To 
glofs J to illuftrate with naarginal notes. 


POSTI'LLER. /. [from /?3/?;7.] One who 

gloiics or illuirrates with marginal notes. 


POSTI'LLION. /. {pojiillon, French.] 

' I. One who gu'dts the firft pair of a fet of 
fix horfes in a coach. Tatler, 

7, One who guides a pofl: chaife. 

POSTLIMi'NiOU5. a, [po/i/rmimum, Lat.] 
D >ne or contrived fubfequentlv., Soutb„ 

POSTMA'STER. /. [po/ and w^yZ^r,] One 
who has charge of publick conveyance of 
letters. SpeSiator, 

•pOSTI^vlA'STER- GENERAL. /. He who 
prefidf s ov -r the ports or leuer-carriers. 

•POSTML'RI'DIAN. a. [poftmeudianus, Lat.] 
Being in the afternoon. Bacon, 

PO'STOFFiCE. /. [pojl and fjfice.] Office 
where letters are delivered to the port j a 
podhoufe. Szvjfi. 

■To POSTPO'NE. v.a. [pcfpono , Ut'in.} 
I. ToputoiT; to delay, Dryd, Roarers, 
a. To let in value below fomething elfe. 


PO'STSCRIPT f. {p^fizn6fcriptum,Ut.'\ 

■• The paragraph added to the end of a letter. 


To PO'STULATE, v. a. [poftuk,l.zt,prfiu. 
ier^ French.] To beg or atfume without 
proof. Bto^vv, 

PO'STULATE. /. [poJJulatum^ Latin.] Pi>. 


fition ftippofed or aflumed without proof. 

POSTULA'TION. /. [^o/?k/^^/o, Lat.] The 
aft of fuppofing without proof j gratuitous 
alTumpiion. Hale, 

POSTULATORY. a. [from popiate.] 

1. Afluniing without proof. 

2. Aflumed without proof. Brown, 
PO'STURE."/. [p'>Me, Fr.pofttura, Latin.] 

1. Place; fUuation. Ha/e. 

2. Voluntary collocation of the parts of 
the body with refpeft to each other. South, 

3. State ; difpofition. Clarendon, 
To PO'STURE, V. a. [from the noun.] To 

put in any particular place or difpofition. 

POSTULATUM. f. [Latin.] Pofition af- 

fumed without proof. Addifon, 

POSTUREMA'STER. /. [pojlure and }naf- 

ter.J One who teaches or pra£lifes artificial 

cdntortions of the body. Spe^ator, 

PO'SY. /. [contraaed from^ee^J 

1. A motto on a ring. Addifon, 

2. A bunch of flowers. Spenfr, 
POT. /. [pot, Fr, pctte, Idandick.] 

1. A veifel in which meat is boiled on the 
fire, Drydcn. 

2. Veflel to hold liquids. Johr., 

3. Veflel made of earth. Mortimer, 

4. A fmall cup. Prtor. 

5. To go to ^ or. To be deftroyed or de- 
voured. UEfirarge. 

To POT. V. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To prefervc feafoned in pots. Drydcn, 

2. To inclofe in pots of earth. E-vel\n. 
PO'TABLE. a. [potable, Fr. potahiljs, La'cJ 

Such as may be drank j drinkable. 


PO'TABLENESS./. [irom potable. '\ Drink- 

PO'TAGER. /. {iiom pottage. '\ A porrin- 
ger. Grew. 

POTA'RGO. /. A Weft Indian pickie. 


POTASH. /. Pota/h is^an impure fixed al- 
caline fair, made by burning from vege- 
tables : we have five kinds, i. The Ger- 
man potafhy fold under the name of pearl- j 
afhes. 2. TheSpanifh, called barilla, made I 
by burning a fpecies of kali, a plant. 

3. The home-made pztafh, made from 
lem. 4, The Swediih, and 5. Ruffian 
kinds, with a volatile acid matter com- 
bined with them ; but the RuflTian is 
ftronger than the Swediih, which is made 
of decayed wood only: the Ruffian ^w^^ 
is greatly preferable to all the other kinds, 

POTA'TION. /. [potatioy Latin.] Drink- 
ing bout j draught. Shake'peare, 
POTA'TO. /. [I fuppofe an American 
word.] An elculent root. PP^alkr, 



FOTBE'LLIED. a. {pot md helly.] Having 
a Iwoln paunch. 

POTBELLY. /. [fee and MIy.] A fswelling 
paunch. Arbutbnot. 

To POTCH. -v. a. \pocber, French.] 

I. Tothrufl; to pi)£h. ahakefpeare ^ 

1. [Por^^r, Fri;nch.j To poach j to boil 
flightJy. Wijeman. 

POTCOM[\ANION. /. A fellow drinker j 
a good fellow at caroufals. 

POTE.VCy. /. r^;/f«//j, Latin.") 

1. Power ; influence. Sbakffpfare. 

2. Efficacy 5 ftrength. Sbokcjpeare, 
POTENT, a, f/)3rfffj, Latin.] 

1. Powerful J forcible j Urong j efficacious. 


2. Having great authority or dominion : 
as, pottnt monarch?. 

PO'TENTATE. /. [potentat, Fien.] Mon- 
arch ; prince j Sovereign. Daniel. 

POTENTIAL, a. [potenciel, Tr. poter.tia/is, 

1. Exiting in poffibility, not in a£t, Ra. 

2. Having the effeft without the external 
s£lual property. Sbakefpeare. 

3. Efficacious ; powerful. Sbakfjpeare, 

4. [In grammar.] Potential is a mood de- 
noting the pnfllbility of doing any aftion. 

POTENTiA'LITY. f. [ from potential. ] 

Pviffibilitv ; not aduality. Taylor. 

POTENTIALLY, ad. [fiom potential.] 

I. In power or poffibility j not in aft or 

pofitively. Bentley, 

z. In efficacy ; not in aftuality. Boyle. 
PO'TENTLY. ad. [from potent.] Power- 

fully ; forcibly. Bacon. 

PO'TLNTNESS. /. [from pot evf.] Power- 

fulnefs ; might ; power. 
POTGUN. /. A gun which makes a fmall 

fmart noife. Stv^ft, 

POTHA'NGER. /. {pot zni hanger.] Hook 

or branch on which the pot is hung over 

the fire. 
POTHECARY. /. [from apothecary.] One 

who compounds and (ells phyfick. 
POTHER. /. {poudrey Fr. duft.] 

1, B'lftlej tumult J flutter. Guardian, 

2. Suffocating cloud. Drayton, 
To POTHER, v. a. To make a bluftering 

ineftedual effort. Loch. 

POTHERB./, {potzndberb.] An herb fit 
for the p'-t. Dryden, 

PO'TH.OOK. /. {pot and hook.] Hooks to 
i&^ttn p.ts or kettles with j alfo ill formed 
or fcrawling letters or charafters. 

PO TION. /. {ponon, Fr. potio, Latin,] A 
draught \ commonly a plnfical drauph*. 


POTLID. /. {pot and lid.] The cover of a 
pot. Derbam. 

POTSHE'RD. /. {pot znd /hard.] A frag- 
ment cf a broken pot. Sandys, 

PO TTAGE. /. [p'^ttigi' ,Yr, frorrpot.] Any 
thing boUsd or decoited tor food, dnejis. 

P o u 

POTTER. /. {poricr, Fr. from p-.t.] A 
maker o*' earthen vcljcly. Momn-'r^ 

POTTERN-ORE. /. Which fcrves the 
potters to glaze their earthen velfels. Bovle. 

POTTING./, [(torn pot.] Drw.king. 


POTTLE./. [fTompot.] Liquid mealure 
containing four pints. Ben. Jovn/on, 

POIVA'LIANT. a. [pot and -vuhunt. ] 
Heated with courage by flrong dnnk. 

POIULENT. a. [p rulentus, Litm.} 

1. Pretty much in drink. 

2. Fit to drink. 
POUCH. /. {pocbe, French.] 

1. A fmall bag J a nocket. Shirp. 

2. Applied ludicroully to a big be!!y or a 

To POUCH. V. a. 

1. To pocket. Tiufr. 

2. To fwallow. Difharr.. 

3. To pont ; to hang down the lid. 
POU'CHMOUTHED. a. [pouch ^.ndrromb^ 

ed.] BI;ibberlipped. Ainj-iorib, 

POVERTY. /. {pau-vretc', French.] 

1. Indigence j neceffity j want of riche'. 


2. Meannefs ; defrfl. Baccn. 
POU'LDAVIS. /. A fort of fail cloath. 


POULT. /. l^^.uUt, French.] A young diic- 

ken. JCir.?-, 

POU LTERER. /. [from pvult.] One whofc 

trade is to fell fowls ready for the cook. 

POU'LTICE. /. {p^tdtii, Latin.] A cata- 

piafm ; a foft mollifying application. i'-zt-;/?. 
To POU LTICE. -v. a. { from the noun. \ 

To apply a poultice or cataplafm. 
POU'LTIVE. /. [A word ufed by T^..r'>V.] 

A poultice. 
POU'LTRY. /. {pouUt^ French.] Domef- 

tick fowls. D^yd.n, 

POUNCE./, [^wzsfff, Italian.] 

1. The claw or talon of a bird of prey. 

Spenft r, 

2. The powder of gum fandarach, fo cal- 
led becaufe it is thrown upon paper through 
a perforated box. 

To POUNCE, -v. a. {pongcnare, Italian.] 

1. To pierce J to perforate. Bacon, 

2. To pour or fprinkle through fmall per- 
forations. Bacon, 

3. To feize with the pounces or tal >ns. 
POU'NCED. a. {from pounce.] Furm/hed 

with claws or talons, Tbomfon, 

POU NCETEOX. /. {pourc. and box.] A 

fmall box perforated. Sb.ikUeare. 

POUND./, [pontj. punt>, Sixon.] 

I. A certain weight, confilhng in tioy 

weight of twelve, in averdupuis of fixtecn 


2 '^ihe'fum of twenty /hillings. Peacham, 

3. [From pin'omj Six.j .1 pi. 'if old ; an 
5 A A " jncla- 

P o w 

Ifldofore j a prifon in which beads are in- 
clofed. Sivift. 

To FOUND. V. a. [punian, Saxon.] 
I. To beat i to grind with a peftlc. 

a. To /hut up J to imprifon, as in a pound. 
POU'NDAGE./. [hom pQund.^^ 

1. A <:ertaiQ fum <}edu£ted from a pound. 


2. Payment rated by the weight of the 
commodity. Cla^erfdon* 

|>OU'NDER. /. [from f>out!d.'\ 

■ I. The name of a heavy large pear. Sw//?. 

P R A 

The part of a fhip in which the gunpotv^ 
der is kept. fValler^ 

POWDER-CHESTS. /. Wooden triangu- 
lar chefts filled with gunpowder, pebble- 
ftones and fuch like materials, fet on fire 
when a fhip is boarded by an enemy. 

PO'WDERJNG-TUB. /. [poivdenrAtub,} 
]|. The veflcl in which meat is falted. 

a. The place in which an infefted lecher 
is phyficked to preferve him from putre- 
faftion. Sbakcjpcare, 

PO'WDERY. a. [poudnux, Fr. from pow- 
der.] Dufty j friable. Woodivard. 

a. Any perfon or thing denominated from PO'WER. /. [pouvoiry French.] 

a certain number of pounds: as, a ten poun- 
der, a gun that carries a bullet of ten 
pounds weight. Sivift^ 

3. A peftle. 

POU PETQN. /. [povpe'e, French.] A pup- 
pet or little baby. 

POU PIC TS, /, lo cookery, veal flakes and 
flices of bacon. Baiicy» 

To POUR. 11. a. [biuriu, Wel/h.] 

1. To iet fome liquid out of a vefielj-or 
into lome place or receptacle. Exodus. 

2. To emit} to give veU to j to u^nd forth j 
to let out J to itn'^ in a continued c^urfe. 

To POUR. V. n. 

1. To ftream j to flow^ 

2. To rufh tumultuoufly. Pope. 
POU'RER. f. [fium ;;oar.] One that pours. 
POUSSE. /. The old word for paife. Spen. 
POUT. // ^ ^ ^ 

I. A kind of fifh ; a cod-fii};. 
. 2. A kind of bird, CatreiVt 

To POUT. -v. n, [huter^ French.] 

|. To look fuilen by thrufting out the lips. 
. 2. To gape ; to hang prominent. Wijem. 
PO'WDER. /. [poudre, French.] 

1. Duft ; any budy comminuted. Exodus. 

2. Gunpowder. liayiva'-d. 

3. Swee' riufl; for the hair. Herbert. 
To PO'WDER. -v. a. [from the noun.] ^ 

1. To reduce to duftj to comminute j to 
pound fmall. 

2. [Poudrer, Fr.] To fpr inkle, as with 
<3uft. B.nnne, 

3. To fajt J to fpriakle with fait. 

To PO'WDER. To come tumultu- 

oufiy and violently. JSEjlran^e. 

PO'WDERBOX. /. IpoHiider and box.] "a 

box in which powder for the hair is kept. 

FO'WDERHORN. /. Ipr.ivder and hoTn.\ 
A horn fafe in which powder is Iccpt for 
guns. Sioift. 

PO'WDERMILL. /. [po-wder and mill. ] 
The mill in which the ingredietjts for gun- 
powder are ground and mingled. Arhuth. 

F^WDER-HOCM- /. S^^^-v^dtt and rnin,\ 

1. Command J authority 5 dominion; in- 
fluence. Sbahfpeare, 

2. Influence j prevalence upon. Bacon, 

3. Ability; torce; reach* Hooker. 
<j... Strength ; motive force. Locke, 

5. The moving force of an engine. 


6. Animal flrength j natural flrength. 


7. Faculty of the mind. Dauies, 

8. Government J right of governing. 

9. Sovereign ; potentate. Addijon, 

10. One invefted with dominion. Davies^ 

11. Divinity. Davies, 
iz- Hoft ; army; military force. Knollesl 
i-^. A large quantity ; a great number. 

PO'WERABLE. a. [how poiver»] Capable 
of performing any thing. Camden^ 

PO'WERFUL. a. [po-icer znA full.'] 

1. Invefted with command oc authority 2 

2. Forcible ; mighty, Milton^ 
3 EtTu-ari.'us. 

PO'WtR?"ULLy. ad. \ from poiverfuL] Po- 
tently ; mightily j efficacio'olly ; forciblyi 

PO'WERFULNESS. /. [ from poiverfuL ] 
Power ; efficacy j might. Hokeiv Ih 

rO'WERLESS a. [hampoiuer.] Weak j 
impotent. Sbakefpmre, 

POX. /. [poccar Sa;?on.] 

1. Poftules; efflorefcencies j^ exanthema- 
tous eruptions. 

2. The venereal difeafe. Wifemav, 
POY. /. [appoyo, Spanifli ; appuy, poids, 

French.] A lOpedancer's pole. 
To POZE. "v. a. To puzzle. See Pose 

and Appose. Glari'vide. 

PRA'CTICABLE. a. [pr.iaicable, French.] 

1. Performoblej feal^ble j capable to be 
praiilifed. UEJirange, 

2. Afisiiable ; fit to be affiiled. 
PRA'CTICABLENESS. /. [from praB^.- 

cable.] Pcilibilify to be pei formed. 
PRA'CTICABLY. ad. [from praaicabk.\ 
In fuch 9 npiajpne? as may be performed, 


P R A 

PRA'CTICAL. a. [f>ra{licut, Litin.] Re- 
Jaiing Co adion j noC merely fpecuUtive. 
PRA'CTICALLY. a^. [from praaicai.] 

1. In relation to a£tion. 

2. Bv pra£l ce ; in real hf\. Howel. 
PRA'CTICALNESS. /. [itompra£iical.] 

The quality of being practical. 
PRA'CTICE. /. [7r;«x1ixrr.] 

2. The h-»bit of doing any thing, 

a. Ufe; cjllomary u(e. Tate. 

3. Dfjterity acquired by habit. Sbck^J. 

4. A£ljal performance, diftinguiflied from 

5. Method or art of doin^ any thing. 

6. Medical treatment of difeales. 


7. Exercife of any profenion. 

8. Wicked ftratagem j bad artifice. 

PRA'CTICK. a. [Tr^axJua,-,] 

1. Relating to adion j not merely theo- 
retical. Denbum. 

2. Sly; artful. Spenjer. 
To PRA'CTISE. v.a. [nr^a.)^uk.^ 

I. To do habitually. PJahm. 

a. To do ; not merely to piofefs : as, to 
Jtrz&Ks law or phyjtck, 

3. To ufe in order to habit and dexterity. 
To PRA'CTISE. -z;. n. 

1. To have a habit of afting in any man- 
ner formed. Waltr, 

2. To tranfaf^ ; to negotiate fecretly. y^d, 

3. To try artificef. Granville, 

4. To ufe bad arts or ftratagems. 


5. To ufe medical methods. ^len.pte. 
6 To f:{ercireany pr.:'feffion. 

pRA'CTISANT. /. [fiom fraaife,'] An 
agent. iiLakijpeare, 

PRA'CTISER. /. [from praaife.] 

1. One that pradifes any thing j one that 
doe? any thing habitually. South. 

2. One who prefcribes medical treatment. 


PRACTI'TIONER. /. [from />rfl<7;W.J 

I. He who is engaged io the actual exer- 

cife of any art. Abuthrot, 

a. One v/ho ufes any fly or dangerous arts. 


3. One who docs any thing habitually. 


TR^CO'GNirA. f. [Latin.] Things pre- 
vioufly known in order to underftand fome- 
thing elfe. Lock;. 

PRAGMA'TICK. 7 a. [ ir^dyfxa'r^. ] 

PRAGMA'TICAL. $ Meddling j imper- 
tinent;y buiy j afTuming bufmefs without 
invitation. Sioift-^ 

PRAGMATICALLY, ad. [Jtcvr\ pragma- 
tical.] Meddlingly ^ impertmently. 

f RAQMA'TICALNI-3S, '/. [ from pmg. 

P R A 

ntat'tcal.'\ The quality of intermeddling 
without right or call. 
PRAISE. /. \prip, D Itch.] 

1. Renown j commeodation j fame; ho- 
nour ; celebrity. Dryden, 

2. Glorification; tribute of gratirudc 5 
laud. Milton, 

3. Ground or reafon of praife. D>yden, 
To PRAISE, -v.a. (/>r;;/«.», Dutch.] 

X. To commend j to applaud j to cele- 
brate. Mihcn, 
2, To glorify in worOiip. P'almi^ 

PRAl'SEFUL. a.[praijeindfull.] Lai.oablej 
commendable. Chapman, 

PRAISER. /. [from praife.] One who 
prajfcs ; an applauder j a commender. 


PRAISEWO'RTHY. a. [prcife and ivortby.1 
Commendable ; deferving praife. 

Ben, yobnjotu 

FRAME. /. A flat bottomed bou. 

To PRANCE, -u.a. [prorken, Dutch.] 

1. To fpring and bound in high mettle. 


2. To ride gallantly and oftcntatioully. 


3. To move in a warlike or fliowy man- 
ner, Sivift, 

To FRANK, v. a. [pron.ken, Dutch.] To 

decorate ; to drefs or adjuil to ofle-xtation. 

Spfnfer. Milton, 

PRANK. /. A frolick; a wild flight; a 
ludicrous trick ; a wicked ad. Raltigb, 

PRA'SQN. /. [7r^-3V:v.J A lesk : alfo a Tea 
weed as green as a leek. Bailey, 

To PRATE, -v.n. [pratcn, Dutch.] To 
talk carclcfly and without wrjght ; to 
chatter j to tattle. Ciejveland, 

PRATE. /. [from the verb.] Taitle 5 flghc 
talk ; unmeaning loquacity. Derbdm, 

PRA'TER. /. [fromfra^f.j' An idle talker; 
a chatterer. Southern, 

PRA'TINGLY. ad. [from prate,] With 
tittle tattle j with loquacicv. 

PRA'TTJ^-E. f. [Fr. prattica^ Italian.] 
A licence fjr the martsr of a /hip t© traf- 
fick in the ports of Italy upon a certificate, 
that the place^ from whence he came, is 
not annoyed with any infc£tious difeafe. 


To PRA'TTLE. 1/. n. Tt> talk lightly ; to 
chatter J to be trivially loqudcicus, Lccke* 

PRATTLE. /. [ the verb.] Empty 
talk J trifling loquacity. Shakefpcare, 

PRA'TTLER. /. [ixom prattle.] A tnfl'n? 
tall<ev 5 a chatterer. llerb.rt. 

PRA'VITV . /. [pra-Litat, Latin.] Corrup- 
tion j badncfsj milignity^ Scuch^ 

PRAWN. /. A Imail cru'itaceous fl.'h a 
lliiimp, but larger. Stakcfpearc\ 

To PR.AY. "v. 1:. [prier^Yr, pregarefliA.i 
1. To mi*ke p<.-tit;oi]s to he-vcn. 

Sh.'k Ipiare, Tavlor^ 


«^ T''' entreat 5 to afk fubmiiTlvely. Dryd. 
3. I Pray, is a flightly ceremonious form 
of inttoducing a queftion, Bentley. 

To PRAY. -v. a. 

1, To fupplicate j to implore ; to addrcfs 
with petitions. Milton. 

2. To afk for as a fupplicant. y^y^'ffe. 
1. To entreat in ceremony or firm. 

^ Ben. Johyjon, 

PRA'YER. /. Iprl'-re, French.] ^ ^ 
J. Petition to heaven- Tay.or^ 

2.. Entreaty; fubmiffive importunity. 


. PR A'YERBOOK, /. {prayer and hsok.\ B ck 

of publick or private devotions. ^hakcj. 

PRE. [pr'X, Latin.] A ^article which 

marks priority of timeorr'.nk. 
To PREACH, v. n. [pradico, Lat. frefcher, 
Fiench.] To pronounce a publick difcourfe 
upon facred fubjecls. Decay oj Puty. 

To PREACH. V. a. 

I. To proclaim or publilh in religious ora- 
tions. ■^^'» 
ft. T*> inculcate publickly ; to teach with 
eatnefinefs. Drydcr. 
PREACH./. lpreJche,Vx.] A difcourfe ; a 
religious oration. Hooker. 
PREA'CHER. /. [prefcbeur, French j from 
' preach. '\ 
1. One who difcourfes publickly upon re- 
3igious luojea^ Crajhaiv. 
i. One who inculcates any thing with car- 
neGnefs and vfhemence. Swtft, 
PRE/i'CHMENT. /, [fTora pr^jcb.'}^ A fer- 
mnj) mf^nrioned in contempt. L'Efravge, 
PRE'AMBLE- /• [preambule, Fr.] Some- 
thing previous j intc odu6tion j preface. 

PREA'MBULARY. 7 a. [from preamble ] 
PREA'MBULOUS. J Previous. Not m 
ufe. Broivn, 

PREAPPREHE'NSION. /. [pre and appre^ 
bend,'] An opinion form;a before exami- 
nation, Broivn. 
PREA^.E. /: Prefs; crowd. Sper.Jer. 
PREA'SING, part. a. Ciouding. Spenjer. 
PRE'BEND /. [ptabenda, low Latin.] 

1, A ftipend granted in cathedral churches, 


2. Sometimes, but improperly, a ftipendi- 
ary of a cathedral ; a prebendary. Bacon, 

PRE'BEND ARY./. [prabendarimy Latin.] 
A ftipendiary of a cathedral. Spenftr, 

PRECA'RIOUS. a- [precarhn^ Latin,] De- 
pendant; uncertain, becaufe depending on 
the will of another 5 held by courtefy. 

PRECA'RIOUSLY. /. [from precarious.'] 
Uncertainly ; by dependence; depcndently. 

PRECA'RIOUENESS. /• [Uomfrecarioui.] 
Uncertainty ; dependence on others. 

PRECAU'TION. /. [precaution, Frerch.] 

Piercrvative caution j preventive meafures. 



Tc PRECAU'TION. v. a. [precautlonerl 
French.] To warn beforehand. Locke. 

PRECEDA'NEOUS. a. Pievious j ante- 
cedent. Hale, 

To PRECE'DE. 1/. a. [pracedr^, Latin.] 

1. To go before in order of time. Drydett, 

2. To go before according to the adjuft- 

PRECE'DENCE. 1 ^ r, . , , 

PRECEDENCY. 5 /' [from /.r^cei^, L^t.] 

1. The aft or Hate of going before; pri- 

2. Something going before j fomething part, 


3. Adjuftment of place. Hale, 

4. The foremoft place in ceremony. 


5. Superiority. Locke, 
PRECE'DENT. a. [pteeedent.Tr. p,ace- 

der.i; Latin.] Former; going before. 

Shakcjpeare, i^outb, 

PRE'CEDENT. /. Any thing that is a rule 
or example to future times ; any thing done ' 
before of the fame kind. 

Shakdpeare. GrarviUe, 

PRECEDENTLY. ad, [ from precedent, 
adj.] Beforehand. 

PRECE'NTOR. /. [pracenior, Lat. precen^ 
teury French.] He that leads the chuir. 


PRE'CEPT. A [praccptu}f2,LiUn.] A rule 
authoritarively given ; a m.mdate. Dryden. 

PRECE'PTIAL. a. Confifting of precepts. 

PRECE'PTIVE. a. [pracepti'vus, Lat".] Con- 
taining precepts J giving precepts. 


PRECE'PrOR. /. Ipiaceftory Latin.] A 
teachev ; a tutor. Blackmore, 

Pi?.ECE'SSION. /. [p-acejusy Latin.] The 
aft of going bc^)ie. 

PRECI'NCT, / [p-aclnBusy Latin.] Out- 
ward limit ; boundary. Hooker, 

PRECIO SITY. /. ffrom pretiofus, Latin.] 

1. Value; precioufnefs. 

2. Any thing of high price. More, 
PRE'CIOUS. a, [precieux, Fr. prctiojus, 


1. Valuable J being of great worth. 


2. Coftly J of great price: as, a precious 
fiom. Milton, 

PRECIOUSLY, ad. [from^ra-/o«5.] Valu- 
able; to a gfest price. 

PRE'CIOUSNESS, /. [from precicui.] Va- 
lu^blenefs; worth; price. Wilkim, 

PRE'CIFICE / {frcccipitiuw, Latin.] A 
headlong fteep ; a fall perpendicular. 


PRECIPITANCE. 7/. [Uorixprecip'tarM.] 

PRECIPITANCY. 5 Rafh hufle ; head- 
long hurry. Mihon, 

PRECiTITAiNT, a, [pracipltam, L'ltin.] 
J. Failing 


1. Falling or rufhing headlong. Plil'pu 

a. HalH ; urged wjch violent hafle. P-pe. 

3. Raflilv hurried. Kin^r Cbarus, 

PRECI'PITANTLY. ad. [hcmpredpi'ant.] 

In headl(»np kafte ; in a tumultuous hurry. 
To PRECIPITATE, -v. a. [praapito L'.t J 

1. To throw headlong. fViIkins. 

a. To haften unexpfdedly. Harney. 

3. To huiry blindly or rafhiy. Bacon, 

4. To throw to the bottom. A term of 
chymiftry oop )i'ed to Tublime. Grew. 

To PRECI'l^ITATE. -v. n. 

1. To tall headlong. Shakespeare, 

2. To tall to the bottom as a fedimcnt. 


3. To haften without juft preparation. 

PRECIPITATE, a. [from the verb.] 
1. Steeply falling. Raleigh. 

a. Headlong J haftyj rafhly hafly. 


3. Hafty ; violent. Pope, 

PRECIPITATE. /. A corrofive medicine 

made by precipitating mercury, t^'iieman. 

PRECrPITATELV. aJ. [from precii^itate.] 

1. Headlong J fteeply down. 

2. Haftilyj in blindhurry. Pope. 
PRECIPITA'TJON. /. [irom preciptiaie.] 

1. The a£l of throwing headlong. 


2. Violent motion downward. fVoodivard, 

3. Tumultuous hurry 5 blind hafte, Wood. 

4. In chymirtry, lubiidency j contrary to 
lublimation. fFo>diuard, 

PRECITITOUS. a. [pradpim, Litin.] 

1. Headlong; fleep. King Char hf, 

2. Hiftyj fudden. Brown, Evelyn, 

3. Rafh J heady. Drjden, 
PRECl'SE. a. [p'acifu!,h\x:\n.] 

1. Exa(£\ j ftrict J nice j having ftrifl and 
determinate limitatons. Hooker, 

2. Formal j finical. Addijon, 
PRECI'SELY. ad. [from precije.'] 

1. Exa<5^1y ; 1 icc)y ; accurately. Neicton. 

2. W'th fuperftitious formality i with too 
much fcrupulofuy. 

PRECI'SENESS. /. lixom precife.'] Exaft- 
nf^ls J rigid nicety. Wat'.i. 

PRECKSIAN. /. [from p-fcife.] 

1, One who limits or leitrains. Sbakef. 

2. One who is fupcrftitioufly rigorous. 

PRECI'SION. /. [preciftcn, French.] Exadt 

hmitatiiin. Pope. 

PRECI'SIVE. a. [f (cm precifus, Lat.] Ex- 

aflly Lmiting. ff^'adi. 

To PRECLU'DE. 'v a. [p'adudo, Latin. I 

To Ihut out or hinder by fyme anticipation. 


PRECOCIOUS, a. [pracocis, Lat. precccey 

French.] Rtpe before the time. Broiun. 
PRECOCITY./, [(torn praodiui,] Ripe- 

ncls before the time. Hai^;!, 


To PRECOGITATE. -o, a. [ pro'eogifo^ 

Lat.] 'i'o confider cr Icheme beforehand, 
PRECOGNI'TION. /. fpr^ and ccgr.uio, 

Lat.] Previous knowledge j antecedent 

PRECONCEi'T. /. [pr a ani ccnc: if. 1 An 

opinion previoulty formed. Hooker, 

To PRECONCEl'VE. -v. a. [j»a and «n- 

eeive.] To form an opinion beforehand j 

to imagint; beforehand. South, 

PRECONCl'PTION. /. [pra^ and concepti. 

o«.j Opinion previoufly fornicc. 


PRECONTRACT. /. A contraft previous 
to another, Sbakefpeare, 

To PRECONTRA'CT. t. a. To contract 
or bargain beforehand. J}y1iffe„ 

PRECU'RSE. /. [from pracurro^ Latin.] 
Forerun nine. Shake peart, 

PRECU PvbOR. /. {pracurj.r, Lat.J Fore- 
runner ; harbinger. P'.pr, 

PREDA'CEOUS. a, [i : om prada, Latin.] 
Livijig by prey. Derham, 

PRE'DAL. *. [from prada, Lu.} Robb- 
ing ; pra£^ifing plunder. Sa. Boyjc, 

PREDATORY, a. [p-iedatorius, Lit.] 

1. Plundering; practifing rapine. Bacon, 

2. Hungry; preying j rapacious; rave- 
nous. Bacon, 

PREDECEA'SED. a, [pra and deceafed.] 
Dead before. Sbakefptare, 

PREDECESSOR. /. [predcceJlur.Vr.j 
I, One that was in any ftate or place be- 
fore another. Prior, 
1. Aoceftor, 

PREDESTINA'RIAN. /. [from predejli- 
Tiate.] One that holds the dcdlrinc of pre- 
deftination. Decay 0/ Piety, 

To PREDE'STINATE. -v. a. [predtjiiner , 
Fr.] To appoint beforehand by irreverfi- 
ble decree. Shakejpeare, 

To PREDE'STINATE. v, n. To hold pre- 
deitination. In ludicrous language. 


PREDESTINATION. /. [prede/lt nation, 
Fr.] Fatal decree; pre- ordination. 


PREDESTINATOR. /. One that holds 
predeftination or the prevalence of pre-eiU- 
bliHicd ncceflity. C^iuley, 

To PREDE'STINE. -v, a, [ pra and def^ 
tine.'\ To decree beforehand. 

PREDETERMINATION'. /. [prtdeterr^i^ 
naticn^ Fr.] Determination made before- 
hand. Hammond, 

To PREDETE'RMINE. i/. a. [^.-^and de- 
termine.] To doom or confine by previous 
decree. Hale. 

PRE'DIAL. [pradium, Lit.} Confining .-f 
farms. Ayifft, 

PREDI CABLE, a. [prcdicahle, ^r.pradi- 
cauilis, Lat.J "SucU as ni3y be affirmed 
of foincthiDgj 



fJElEDI'CABLE, /. [pradUdhife, Latin.] A 
"Jogical term^ denoting one of the five things 
whi«h cai> be affirmed of any thing. Watts. 

PREDI'CAMENT. /. {j^rcdkament, Fr. 
fradicatncntumy Lat.j 

1. A cbfs or arrangement of beings or 
fubftances ranked accoroing to their na- 
tures: c^lied alio caugorcma or category. 

a. Clafs or kind defcribed by any defini- 
tive maiks. Shakefpeare. 

I'REDICAME'NTAL. a, [from predica- 
ment.] Relating to predicaments. 

FRE'DICANT. /. [pradicam, Lat.] One 
that iffiinis any thing. 

To FRE'DICATE. v. a. { prtsdico^ Lat. ] 
To affirm any thing of another thing. 


To PRE'DICATE. -z;. «. To affirm or fpeak. 


PRE'DICATE. /. [pradkatuniy Lat.] That 
which IS aftirmed of the fubjcft j as, man is 

TREDICA'TION. /. [pro'dicatio, Lat. from 
predicate. ] Affirmation concerning any 
thing. Locke. 

To PJIEDI'CT. V. a, [ pradiBus, Lat.] 
To foreteii j to fore/liow. 

Government of the' Tongue. 

Prediction. /. [frcediaio, Lat.] Hro- 

phefy ; declaration of fomething future. 
• .South. 

pREDl'CTOR. /. [from predia.'] Fore- 
teller. Swift. 

PREDiGE'STION. /. {pra and digejiion.^ 
Digeflion too foon performed. Bacon. 

To PREDISPO'SE. v. a. [prcs and drfpojx.] 
To adapt previoully to any certain purpoie. 


PflEDlSFOSI'TION./.[/'r<!P and difpcji.'ion,] 

Previous adaptation to ^ny certain puipofe. 


PREDO'MINACE. 7 /. [pra and domi- 

PREDO'MlNANCY.y r,o, Lat.] P.eva- 
Jence; fupcriority j afcendency j fuperior 
influence. ^ Broivn. 

PREDO'MINANT. .a. \ predominant, Fr<] 
Prevalent j fuprettie in infiuence j afcen- 
dcnc. . " Shakefpeare. 

To PREDOMINATE, -v. n. [predominer^ 
Fr.] To prevail; to be alcendent j to 
be fupreme in influence. Newton. 

.To PRE'ELEGT. v. a. [pr^ and eleSi,] To 

,; chufe by previous deciee. 

PRE'EMINENCE. /. [pre(miiience,¥T.] 
J. SuDsri'-nty of excellence. yjddifon. 

2, pietedenccj priority of place. Hooker. 
-3. S'Jperlority of pov^er or influence. 


,PRE'EMINENT. a. [preeminent, Fr.j Ex- 
cellent above others. Aiiiton. <Sprart. 

.PRE'EMPTION. /. [pr<£irnptio,Ln.} The 
right of purchaiing before another, Garewt 

To PREEN,. V. a. [/»m>e», Dutch.] Td 

trim the feathers or birds, to enable them 

to glide more eafily through the air; 

To PREENGA'GE. v. a. [prazni engage.] 

To engage by precedent ties or contradls. 
PREENGA'GEMENT. /. [ from preen.. 

gage.'j Precedent obligation. Boyle, 

To PREESTA'BLISH. -v. a. [pra and ejia- 

blifh.] To fettle beforehand. 
PREESTA'BLISKMENT./. [from freefta- 

blip.] Settlement beforehand. 
To PREEXI'ST. V. a. [ pra and exifo^ 

Lat.] To exifi: beforehand. Dryden, 

PREEXI'STENCE. /. {prewfience,¥t.\ 

Exiftence beforehand ; exifl:ence of the foul 

bsfore its union with the body. Addifon,^ 
PRE'EXISTENT. a. [precxificnt, Fr.] Ex- 

iftent beforehand j preceding in exifiencci 

PRE'FACE. /. [preface, Fr.] Something 

fpoken introductory to the main defign j 

introduction j fomething proemial. 

To FRET ACE. v. ti. [prafari, Lat.] To 

fay fomething introductory. Spe^ator, 
ToPRETACE. 'v, a. 

1. To introduce by fomething proemial. 


z. To face; to cover. Cka-vehnd, 

PRE'FACER. /. [ from preface, ] The 

writer of a preface. Dryden, 

PRETATORY. a. [from preface.] Intro- 

duftory. Dryden, 

PRETECT. /. [prafeaus, Lat.] Gover- 
nor J commander. , Ben. Johnjon^ 
PREFE'CTURE. /. [prefaure, Fr. pra- 

fcBura, Lat.J Command j office of go* 
. vernment. 
To PREFE'R. V. a. [preferer, Fr. frafefo^ 


i» To regard more than another. Romans, 

2. To advance } to exalt j to raife. Pope. 

3. To offer folemnly j to propofe pub- 
lickly J to exhibit* Daniel. Sandys^ 

PRE FERABLE. a. [ preferablet Ft. from 
prefer.'^ Eligible before fomething eife. 


PRE'FERABLENESS. a. [from preferable.} 
The fiate or being preferable. 

PRETERABLY. ad. [ from preferable. ] 
Jn preference j in fuch a mangier as to 
prefer cne thing to another. Dennis4 

PREFERENCE. /. [preference^ Fr. from 
prefer,] The ^£1 of preferring } eftima- 
tion of one thing above another j elettioa 
of one rather than another^ Spratt, 

PREFE'RMENT. /.. {from prefer.] 
I. Advancement to a higher ftation. 

z. A place of honour or profit. 

3. Pre- 


g. Preference ; a£l of prefering. Broivn. 
PREFE'RER. [ from prefer. ] One who 

To PREFI'GURATE. -u.a. \pra:inAfgu- 

To, Lat.] To ihew by an antecedent re- 

PREFIGURA'TION. /. {Uom prrjigura(e.^ 

Antecedent reore/'entaiion. Noms. 

To PREFI'GURE. i/. a. [ pr^ and/^aro, 

Lat.] To exhibit by antecedent te^^icfen- 

tation. Ilammorxi. 

To PREFI'NE. 1/. a. [prafinio, Lar.] To 

limit befoichand. KnolUi, 

To PREFI'X. 1/. a. [prafigo^ Lat.] 

1. To appoint beforehand. Sandys. 

2. To fettle ; to eftabJi/h. H>k. 
PREFI'X. /. [prafxurr, Lat.] Some par- 
ticle put before a word, to vary its fignifi- 
cation. C'arke. Bronvn. 

PREFI'XION. /. fpr,fx''or, Fr. from pre. 

^x.] The aft of prelixing. 
To PREFO'RM. -v. a. [pra and/orw.] To 

form beforehand. Shakefpeare. 

PRE'GNANCV. /. [from pregnant.] 

J. Theftate of being with young. R^^y, 

2. Fertility ; fruitfulnefs j inventive pow- 
er ; acutenefs. Sivi/t, 

PRE'GNANT. a. [pragnans, Lit.] 

I, Teeming j breeding. Prior, 

a. Fruitful j fertile j impregnating. 

Dry den. 

3. Full of confequence, JVoodward. 

4. Evident J plain j clear 5 full, 


5. Eafy to produce any thing. Shakvfpeare. 

6. Free; kind. Shakefpeare. 

J. Fruitfully 

2. Fully j plainly J clearly. 


PREGUSTATION. /. [ pro: and gujio, 
Lat.] The aft of rafting before another. 

To PREJU'DGE. •v. a. [prejuger, Fr.] To 
determine "any queftion beforehand j gene, 
rally to condemn beforehand. Sivift, 

To PREJU'DICATE. -v. a. [pra and ju- 
dico, Lat.] To determine beforehand to 
difadvantage. Sandys. 

PREJU'DICATE, a. [from the verb.] 
I. Formed by prejudice} formed before 
examination. Watts. 

1. Prejudiced ; prepofle(red. Broivn. 
PREJUDICATION. /. [itotnprejudicate.] 

The aft ci judging beforehand. 
PREJUDICE. /. [prajud-.clum, Lat.] 
J. Prepoljtflion ; judgment formed before- 
hand without exdmiiation. Clarendon, 

2. Mfchiefj detriment; hurt; injury. 

To PREJUDI'CE -y. a. [from the noun.] 
I. To prep'jffeh with unexamined opini- 
ons ; to fill With prejudices. Prior. 
a. To obftruft or injure by prejudices pre- 
viouflj raifci. M''bit^tf;»^ 


3. To injure } to hurt ; to dimlnl/h ; to 
impair. Prior. 

PREJUDI'CIAL. a. [prejuJiciabk, Fr.J 
i. Obftruftive by means of oppofite prj;- 

z. Contrary ; oppofite. Hooker, 

3 Mifihievous J hurtful; injurious; de- 
trimental. Atterburit 

PREJUDl'CIALNESS. /. [from prejudtci. 
al.\ The ftate of being prejudicial j mif- 

PRE'LACY. /. [from prelate.] 

I. The dignity or pcft of a prelate or ec- 
clefiallick of the higheft order. Ayliffe. 
z. Epifcopacy ; the order of bifliops. 

3- B./hops. Hooker, 

PRE'LATE. /. {prelat, Fr. prabtus, Lat.j 
An ecclefiailick of the higheft order and 
•^'gnity- Shakefpeare, 

PRELATICAL. a. [from prelate.] Relat- 
ing to prelate or prelacy, 

PRELA'TION. /. Iprctlatm, Lat.] Pre- 
ference J fetting of one avjve the other. 

PRE'LATURE. 7 /. \prcelatura,Lzx.,\ 

PRE'LATURESHIP. \ The Itate or dignil 
ty of a prelate. 

PRELE'CTION. /. IpralSilo, Lat.] Read- 
ing ; lefture. Hale, 

PRELIBA'TION. /. [from pralibo, Lat.] 
Tafte beforehand j cfFufion previous to 
ta'^ing. More. 

FRELI'xVlINARY. a. [ preliminaire, Fr. J 
Previous ; introduftory ; proemial, 

PRELI'MINARY. /. Something prev?ouTj 
preparatory meafures. Notes on Iliad. 

PRELU'DE. /. [praludium, Lat.] 

1. Some (hort flight of mufick played be- 
fure a full concert. 

2. Something introduftory ; fomething 
that only fhews what is to follow. Addijovi 

To PRELU'DE. -v. r. [prehder, Fr. pr^. 
ludoy Lit.] To ferve as an introduftinn j 
to be previous to. Dryden. 

PRELU'DIOUS. a. [from prelude.] Pre- 
vious ; introduftory, Clea'veand» 

PRELUDIUM. f. [Latin.] P/elude. 


PRELU'. IVE. a. [(torn prehde.] Previ- 
ous ; introduftory j proemial. Thomfon. 

PREMATU'RE. a. \ pramaturus, Latin.] 
Ripe too foon ; formed before the time; 
too early ; too foon faid, or done j too 
hafty. Hamrrond, 

PREM.'^TU'RELY. a. [from premature.^ 
Too early ; toqfoon; with too ha fty ripe- 

PRExMATU'RENESS, 7 /". [ from ^rr;;;^, 

PREMATURITY. j 'ture.] Too great 
hafte 3 unlcafonabie earlincfs, 


To PREME'DITATE. v, a. { prameditcr, 
Lat.] To contrive or form beforehand ; 
to conceive beforehand, Dryden. 

To PREME'DITATE. %'. «. To have 
forrned in the mind by previous medita- 
tion ; to think beforehand. Hooker. 

PREMEDITA'TION. /. [ pramedttatio, 
Lat.] Ati of meditatmg beforehand. 


PRE'MICES. /. \primitlay Lit. prenices, 
Fr.] Firftfiuits. Dryden. 

PRE'MIER. a. [French.] Firft ; chiei. 


To PREMI'SE. V. a. SpramiJJ'us, Latin.] 

1. To exflaia pievioufl)( j to Jay down 
premifes. Bumct. 

2. To fend before the time. Sbakefpeare. 
ToPREME'RjT. v. a, [pramercor, Ln.] 

To deierve before. King Charlet. 

PRE'MISES. J. [pram'ffa, Lat,] 

I. Pfupofi>ions antecedently fuppofed or 
proved. Hooker, 

■z. In low language, houfes or lands. 
PREMISS./. [pramJfum,Li\..] Antece- 
dent propofition. fVafts. 
PREMIUM. /. [p^an-.tum, Lat.] Some- 
thing given to invite a loan or a bargain. 

To PREMO NISH. v. a. [pra^rmmo, Lat. J 

To wain or admonifh beforehand, 
PREMO NISHMENT. /. [from premonipj.'\ 
Previous information. PFottor. 

PREMONi'TION. /. [ from p emonift?, ] 
Previous notice j previous inteli'jience. 

PREMO'NITORY. /. [from pta and n.o- 

n(0, Lat. ] Previoully advifing. 
To PREMO NSTR ATE. v. a. { pr<£ and 

monfiro, Lat.] To ftiviw beforehand. 
FREMUNIRE. f. [Lain.] 

I. A v^rit in the common law, whereby 
a penalty is incurrab e, as infringing fome 
iiature. BramhaU. 

a. The penalty fo incuneJ. 
3. A difficulty ; a diftiefs. 
PREMUNI'TION. /. [ from pramunio., 

L3t.] An anticipation of objedion. 
To PRENO'MINATE. -v.o. [prcemmino, 
Lat.] To forename. Hbakefpeare. 

TRENOMINATION. /. {pra^n^ nomiro, 
Ldt.] The privilege of bcjng named hrfl. 
PRENO'TION. /. \prenotion, Fr.] Fore- 
knowledge J prefficnce. 
PRENTICE. /. [from af prentice,] One 
bound to a maflei j in order to infiru£\ion 
in a trade. ^buh^peare. 

PRE'NTICESHIP. /. [i ovn prentice.) The 
fervi.ude of an appreiUlce. Pope. 

PREN'UiVClA'nON. /. [prariuncio, Lat.j 

The £6t ot telhnir before. 
pREO'CCUPANCy. /. [from preoicupate.] 


The aft of taking poffefllon before ano- 

To PREO CCUPATE. -u. a. \ preoccuper, 

I. To anticipate. Bacon, 

a. To prepoffefs j to fiil with prejudices. 


PREOCCUPA'TION, /. [preoccupation, Fr.] 

1. Anticipation, 

2. i'repofielTion. 

3. Anticipation of objeftion. South. 
To PREO'CCUPY. 'V. a. To prepoffcfs j 
• to occupy by anticipation ot prejudices. 


To PP.E'OMINATE v. a. [p^a and cmi- 
«6r, Lat.] To prognoft;cate i to gather 
froni omens any future event. B'o-iun, 

PRE'Oi'lNION. /. [pra and opinio, L^f.] 
Opinion antecedently tormea j prepoifef- 
fion. Brotan. 

To PRE-ORDAIN, v. a. [pra and ordain.'] 
To ordain beforehand. Hammond, 

PREO'RDINANCE./. [/)^and ordinance,] 
Antecedent decree j firit decree. 


PREORDINATION. /. [from prtoruain,] 
The ?Ct of preordaining, 

PREPARATION. /. [pr^epa^atio, Lat.] 

1. Ihe ad of preparing or previoully fit- 
ting any thir g to any purpofe, fVuke, 

2. Previous meafures. Burnet, 

3. Ceremonious introdufli'in. Sbakejptarf, 
4 The att of sniking or fitting by a regu- 
lar protefs. ylrbuthr.ot, 

5. Anything made by procefs of opera- 
tion. Brown, 

6. Accomplifhment j qualification, 

PREPA'RATIVE. a. [ fr^paratif, Fr, ] 
Having the power of prepaiing or qualify- 
ing. South. 

PREPA'RATIVE. /. [frepjratif, Fr.] 

1. That which has the power of preparing 
or previoufly fitting. DiCiy of Piety, 

2. Thst which is done in order to fome- 
thing e)ie. South, 

PREPA'RA'IIVELY. ad. [from prepara^ 
ti%/d.j Pievioufly j by way of preparati- 
on. Hale. 

PREPA'RATORV. a. [preparatoire, Fr.] 

1. Antecedently necefl^ry. li'lotjon, 

2. Introdudury j previous j antecedent. 


To PREPA'RE. V. a. [praparo, Lat.] 
I. To fit for any thing ; to adjufl: to any 
ufe J to make ready for any purpofe. 

^ Blackmore, 
%. To qualify for any purpofe. Addifon, 

3. To make ready beforehand. Milton, 

4. To form j 10 make. Pjaimv 

5. To make by legular procefs: a&> ^e 

prepared a medicine. 


oPRE'PARE. v.n. 

1. To rake previous meafurer. Pfacbim. 

z. To m-ke every thing ready j to put 

things sn order. Sbtikffpcare. 

3. lo make one's Mi ready j to put nim- 

Iclt" in a ftate of expc<^Uti''n. 
PREPA'RE. /. [from the verb.] Prepara- 

tii n; previous meafures. Sbak Jicore. 

PREPA'REDLY. fli. [Uom pr^par^d.\ By 

proper precedent mealures. iihok'fpeare. 
PREPA'REDNESS. /. [from prepare.] 

State or adl o\ bcng prepared : as, ie'i in a 

preparednffs yor hit final exif, 
PREFA'RER. /. [»rom prepare ] 

1. One that prepares J one that prcviou fly 
fits. M^off»n. 

2. That which fits for any thing. Mrt. 
PREPE'NSE, la. \jrat-enfus, LU.] Fore- 
PREPE'NSED. ^ thought ; preconceived j 

contrived beforehand : as, milrce prepenff-. 
To PREPO'NDER. v. a. [trom f n ponde- 
rate. '\ To outwcieh, h'oiton. 
PREPONDERANCE 7 /. [from pr^pon- 
PREPO'NDERANCY.Jy^rjfe.] The itate 
of outvveighing ; fuperiority of weight. 

To PREPO'NDER ATE. v. a. [praponderol 

I. To outweigh j to overpower by weight. 
Glar Villi. 
7.. To overoower by ftronger infiucnce. 

1. To exceed in weight, BertUy, 

2. To fxceed in influence or power ana- 
logous to weight. h'Cke. 

PREPONDERA TION. /. [from puponde. 
rate,\ The ad or itate of outwcigli ng any 
thing. IVaiti. 

To PREPO'^E. T/. a. [pr^pof,ry French.] 
To put before. 

PREPOSI'TICN. /. [prpfirn, French; 
prapofitto, Latin. J Li ^r.:nimar, a particle 
givrning a cafe. Car'^e. 

PREPO'SITOR. /. [pr^pofitor, Latin.] A 
fchoiar appointed by the maftcr to over- 
look the reft. 

To 1 REPOSSESS, v. a. [pra an6 po/./s.] 
To fill with an opinion unexaniined j to 
prt-jud ce. W j'-man, 

PREPOS: E'SSION. /. [i-Qm prcp^^j] ji.] 

1. Preoccupation; firft po^rellion. Ilam^ 

2. Prejudice ; preconceived opinion. <S(uth, 
PREPO'.>TEROU$. a. \ pr^po/irrus, Lnin.] 

1. Having that fit ft whitn ougnr to be 
hit; wrong; absurd; perverted, Drrham. 

2. Applied to peifons : fcoiifli ; ^bfurd. 

PREPOSTEROUSLY, cd. [Uom pr.pofie. 
rou!.] In a wrong fuuation ; abfurdtv. 


PRE POSTER OUSNESS. /. [from^r^poie. 

rons,] Ahfurduy ; wrong crder or n.t'liod. 

PRE'POTENCY. ;. [prap-.tentta, Latin.] 


Superior power; predominance. Broivn. 

PREiU'CE, /, [prc?put,um, Litm.J Th»f 
which covers the gidn» j iorclkin. IVtje, 

ToPRE'REQUlRE. v. a. [pro: and r>qur,. ] 
To drm-inc I'lev oully. Hammond. 

FRERE'QL'ISliE. a. \pr^ ^nd r^quijite.} 
Something previouHy nec^fTary. Ha't* 

PRERO'G.ATIVE, f. [prur.gnt-va, low 

Latin. J An cxclulive or peculiar privilege. 

HiJricy, Knoltti. 

PRERO'GATIVED. a. [ftom prtrogativi.^ 
Having an cxclulive privilege ; havirg pre- 
rogative. Shake'pecri, 

PRESA'GE. /. [pr.fige, Ficnch ; pra/agium, 
Latin.] Prognouick j prefenfion of futuii- 
fy. ylddifon. 

To PRESA'GE. [prejigfr, French ; fraja- 
gio, Latin.] 

1. Toforeoodej to foreknow; to foretel j 
to prophely. Milion, 

2. To foretoken ; to fore/how. Sbake'p. 
PRESA'GEMuNT. /. [from/,r<./7^;.] ' 

I. Forebodemc nt J prelcnfion. fVottov, 
1. Foretoken. Broiin, 

PRE'SBYTER. /. [TrsE^^JTEj©^.] 

1. A pricft. Fooktr, 

2. A prefhyterian. Butler, 
PRESBYTE'RL^N, a. [v:'.TBvrtp'B'.]Con. 

lifting of elders ; a term lor a modern forni 
of eccle'"iaftical government. KingCbarLs. 

PRESBYTE'RIAN. /. [horn prejhyter.] 
An aLibtttcr cf prefbytery or calviniftical 
dilcipline. SiL^ift. 

PRESBYTE'RY /. [from prejhyter.\ Body 
or eiders, whether priefts or laymen. 


PRF3CIENCE. /. \prejcunce, French.] 
Foreknowledge j knowledge of future 
'hings Sbutb. 

PRE'SCIENT. a. [praj^clens, Latin.] Fore- 
knowing; prophetK k. Batorr, 

PRX'SCIOUS. a. [prajcius, Latin.] Having 
f..rrkn(swl-dge. Dryderi, 

ToPRtSCI'ND. v. a. \p'cs'chJc, Latin] 
To cut off; to abftradt. No'ris, 

PRESCl'NDENT. a. [prahndem, Latin.] 
Abftr.aine. •' Cbeyne, 

To PP ESCRIBE, -v. ^. fpr^fcrlh, Latin ] 

1. To fet down authoritatively ; to order j 
todirert. Hofker. 

2. To dirrcT- rredically. Hivift, 
ToPi<ESCR:'BE. -v. r>. 

1. T-' inHuence by lorg cuftcm. Brnvn. 

2. T > intlu-nce arbitrarily. L eke, 

3. I ?r feme, French.] To form % c«jib m 
which has the force of law. A^bwhroi, 
4 To write medical dire<;^ians and li rrtiS 
of medicine. Prt:. 

PRE'.^CR1PT. a. {p-o'Jrr-pfus, Latin.] D,- 

retted j accura'.cly laid down in a prece6r. 


PRE'-'CRIPT. /. [prafrriptvm, Latin.] Di- 

icdtion; prece-^J ; modtl prefcribed. Mi't, 

' 5 B 2 PRE. 


PRESCRIPTION. /. [prcfjcnp-io, U^'w.] 
I. Rules produced and avitborifeo by long 
cuftom ; cuftom continued till it has-the 
force of law. South. 

a. Medical receipt. Temple. 

PRE'SEANCE. /. [prefeance, French.] Pri- 
ority of place in fitting. Caniv. 

PRE'SENCE. j. [prejer.ce, French j prafen- 
tiJ, Latin.] 

1. State of being prefent j contrary to ab- 
fence. Shakefi?eare. 

2. Approach face to face to a great perfo- 
rags. DanicK 

3. State of being in the view of a fuperior. 
. Milton. 

4. A number afiembled before a great per- 
fon. Shakefpeare. 

5. Port; air; ipien ; def^ieanour. Collier. 

6. Room ia which a prince ihows himfelf 
to his court. Spcnjer. 

7. Readinefs at need j quicknefs at expe- 
dients. Waller, 

,8. The perfon of a fuperior, Milton. 

PRESENCE-CHAMBER. 7 /. [prefer.ce and 

PRESENCE-ROOM. 5 chamber or 

rocm.'\ The room in which a great perfon 
receives company. Addi-on, 

PRESE'NSION. /. \praJetjfio, Latin.] Per- 
ception beforehand. Brotvn. 

PRE'SENT. a. [prefent, French ; »p'afer.Sy 

I. Not abfent ; being face to face ; being 
at hand. loylor. 

a. Not paft ; not future. Prior. 

3, Ready at hand j quick in emergencies. 

L''Ejl range. 

4. Favourably attentive} not negle^lful ; 
propitious. Ber. Johnjcn. 
c;. Unforgotten ; not negle£tfoJ. Watts. 
6. Not abflraded ; not abfent of mind j 

T-6e PRESENT. An elliptical expreflBon for 
the prefent time j the time now exifling. 


i<^? PRESENT, [a prefent, French.] At the 

. prefent time; now. Addifon. 

PRE'SENT./. [prefent, French.] 

I. A gift; a donative; fomething cere- 
monioufly given. Shakefpeare, 

t, A lett<'r or mandate exhibited. Shakef, 

ToPRESE'NT. v. a. [pra^fn'o, low Lat,] 
I. To place in theprefence of a fupenor. 

. 2. To exhibit to view or notice. Shakefp, 
^. To ofter 5 to exhibit. Milton. 

4. To g:ve formally and ceremonioufljr. 


5. To put into the hands of another. Dry. 

6. To favour with gifts. Dryden. 

7. To prefer to ecclefuflical benefices, 


8. To offer openly. Hayiva'd. 

9. To' introduce by fomething exhibited to 
the view or notice, ' Spenftr^ 


16. Tolay before a court of judicature, as 

an obje£l of enquiry. Swift. 

PRESENTA'NEOUS. a. [ prtefcntaneus, 

Latin.] Ready; quick; immediate. 

PRESE'NTABLE. a, [rtom prefent.] What 

may be prefented. Ayhffef 

PRESEN TA'TION. /. [prefntation, Fr.] 

1. The aft of prefenting. Hooker, 

2. The aft of offering any one to an eccle- 
fiaftical benefice. Hale, 

3. Exhibition. Dryden, 
PRESE'NTATIVE. a. [from prefent.] Such 

as that prefentatlons may be made of it. 

PRESE'NTEE, /. [from jT-rf/mV, French.] 

One prefented to a benefice. Ayliffe, 

PRESE'NTER. /. [itax^ prefent.] One that 

prefents. UEfirange, 

PRESE'NTIAL. a. [from prefent^ Suppof- 

ing aftual prefence, Norris. 

PRESENT! A'LITV. /. [from prefential.] 

State of being prefent. Soutb^. 

To PRESE'NTIATE. -v. a. [f rem prefent,} 

To make prefent. Grew, 

PRESENTI'FICK. a. [prafens and J^cie, 

Litin] Making prefent. 
PRESENTI'FICKLY. ad. [from prefenti- 

Jick,] In fuch a manner as to make prefent. 

PRE'SENTLV. al {(rom prefent. ■] 

I. At prefent ; at this time; now. Sidney. 

*2. Immediately ; foon after. South, 

PRESE'NTMENT. /. [from prefent.] 

1. The aft of prefenting. Shakjpeare, 

2. Any thing prefented or exhibited j re- 
piefentation. Milton, 

3. In Jaw, p'-efenttnent is a mere deni/nci- 
ation of the jurors themfelves, or fome o« 
ther ofjicer, as juftice, conftable, fearcher, 
furveyor?, and, without any information, 
of an offence inquirable in the court to 
v/hich it is prefented. Cowel, 

PRE'SENTNESS. /. [from prefent.] Pre- 

fence of rnind j quicknefs at emergencies. 


PRESERVATION. /. [from prefrve,] 

The aft of preferving ; care to preferve, 


PRESE'RVATIVE. /. [preferi;atif,French.} 
That which has the power of preferving ; 
fomething preventive. Hoohr, 

To PRESE'RVE, v. a. [prafer-vo, low Lat.] 
I. Tofave; to defend from deflruft ion or 
any evil ; to keep. z'Titn. iv. 18, 

a. To feafon fruits and other vegetables 
with fugar, and in other proper pickles, 

PRESE'RVE. /. [from the verb.] Fruit 
preferved whole in fugar. Alortimer* 

PRESERVER./, [from prefer-ve.] 

I. One v.'ho preferves j one who keeps 
from ruin or mifchief. Addifon, 

a. He who makes preferves of fruit. 



To PRE'SIDE. V, n. [from prafi-ho, Litin } 
prtfiJir, French.] To be fet over ; ro have 
authority over. Dryder., 

Pi?.E'SIDENCy. /. [prefidence, French, from 
prejidsnt.'] Superintendence, Ray. 

PRE'SJDENT. f. [prafidfm, Latin.] 

I. One placed v/ith authority over others ; 
one at the head of others, IVat::. 

z. Givernour ; prefeft. Brereivcod. 

^. A tutelary power. fVal/er. 

PRE'SIDENTSHIP. /. [from prejidert.] 
The office and place of pre/ident. Hooker. 

PRESI'DIAL. a, [p^afidium, Latin.] Re- 
lating to a garriffin. 

To PRESS, v. a. [;)rf/tfr, French.] 

1. Tofqueeze; tocrufh. Mrltcn. 

2. Todiftrcfs J to crufli with calamities. 


3. To conftrain J to compel j to urge by 
neceffity. Hcekr. 

4. To drive by violence. Shake;fieare. 

5. To afted ftrongly. ^.'Zjxviii. 5. 

6. To enforce j to inculcate with argu- 
ment or importunity. Felton, 

7. To urge j to bear ftrongly on. Boyle. 

8. To cooiprefs j to hug, as in embracing. 


9. To aft upon with weight. Dryden, 

10. To make earneft. Bacjn. 

11. To force into military fervice. Shake/. 
To PRESS. V. n. 

1. To adl with compulfive violence ; to 
urge ; to diftreff. * Tiliotjon. 

2. To go forward with violence to any 
Ubjea. KnolUi. 

3. To makeinvafion ; to encroach. Fope. 

4. To croud J to throng. Mar. iii. 10. 

5. Tocome unfcafonably or importunately. 

6. To urge with vehemence aud importu- 
nity.. Bacon, 

7. To aft upon or influence. Add: 'on. 

8. To PRESS »/>on. To invade J to pofh 
againft, Pope. 

PRESS./, [preffoir, French, from the verb.] 

1. The inftrument by ^hich any thing is 
rrufhed or fqueczed. Hag. ii. 16. 

2. The inftrument by which books are 
printed. Sbakefpeare, 

3. Crowd ; tumult ;T throng. Hooker. 

4. A kind of wooden cafe or frame for 
cloaths and other ufes. Shakejpeare. 

5. A commiffion to force men iutomilit'd- 
• ry fervice. Raleigh. 
PRE'SSBED, /. \prcfs and bed.] Led fo 

formed as to be fliut up in a cafe. 
PRE'SSER. /. [from fr^jj,] One that prefTes 

or works at a prefs. Sivift. 

PRE'SSGANG. /. [prefs and garg,\ A 

crew that flroles about the Urcets to force 

mf!n into naval fei vice, 
PRE'SSINGLY. ad. [UoTaprfJfing.] With 

force ; tlofcly. 
PkE'SSlON. /. [from ^-f/j] The aft of 


PRE'SSITANT. a. Gravitating j heavy. 

PRE'SSMAN. /. [prefs and man.} 

1. Oie who forces another into fervice j 
one who forces away. Chapman* 

2. One who makes the imprefljon of print 
by the prefs : diftinft from the compofitor, 
who ranges the types. 

PRE'SSMONEY. /. [prefs :xnd money.] Mo- 
ney given to a foldier when he is taken or 
forced into the fervice. Cay% 

PRE'SSURE. /. [from prefs.] 

1. The aft uf prefling or cru/hing. 

2. The flate ot being prerted or crushed. 

3. Force afting againft any thing; gravi- 
tation; preflion. Afioton, 

4. Violence inflifted ; oppreflion. Bacon, 

5. Affliftionj grievance j diftrcfs. 


6. Impreflion 5 ftampj charafter made by 
impreflion. Sbakefpeare, 

PREST. a. [prefi or pret, French.] 

1. Ready ; not dilatory. 

2. Neat} tight. 

PREST. /. [pre/i, French.] A loan. Bacor, 

PRESTIGA'TION./. [frafiigathy Latin.] 
A deceiving j a juggling j a playing leger- 
demain. £>/<57, 

PRE'STIGES. /. [prafiigia, Latin.] Illofi- 
ons ; impoituresj juggling tricks. 

PRE'STO. /. [prefto, Italian.] Quick; at 
once. Siv'ft, 

PRESU'iVIABLY. ad. [from />r5/"tfw?.] With- 
out examination. Bro'wn» 

ToPRESU'ME, v.n. [prefumer, French; 
prafumo, Latin.] 

1. To fuppofe ; to believe previoufly with- 
out examination. Mii'tcn, 

2. To fujjpofe J to affirm without imme- 
diate proof. Bro-Jun, 

3. To venture without pofitive leave. 


4. To form confident or arrogant opinions. 


5. To make confident or arrogant at- 
tempt?. Hookir, 

PRESU'MER. /. [from p'efume.] One that 
prefuppoles ; an arrogant perfon, H'otton, 

PRESU'MPTION. /. [pra-fumptus, Latin j 
prefcmption, French ] 

1. Suppofition previoufly formed. KChar, 

2. Confidence grounded on any thing pre- 
fuppofed. Carerdon, 

3. An argument flxong, but not di-m^n- 
ifrative. Hooker^ 

4. Arrogance; confidence blind and ad- 
venturous; prefumpruoufsefs. Dyden. 

5. Unrcdfonable colifideacc of divjne fa- 
vour. Rc^:TSt 

PRESU'MPTIVE. a. [prefompcve^TrnHKh.} 

1. Taken by previous fuppofirion. Lccke, 

2. S!ippofe<i: as, rbe ptefumptive heir ^ 
oppufed to the heir appaiefit, 

3. Cor- 


3. Confident j arrogant j prefunoptuous. 


J>RESU'MPTUCUS. a. lfref^m/>iuei^x,Fr.] 

1. Arrogant ; confident ^ ti;foltnt. Shakej. 

Z. Irreverent with relpctt to holy things. 


PRESU'MPTUOUSLY. ad. [from frtjump- 

tUOUi \ 

1. Arrogantly; irreverent'y. Addison. 
7,. W:th vain and groundlcfs confidence in 
d:vine favour. Han:mor,d, 

PRESU'MPTL'OUSNESS. /. [from pre- 
fumptuous.] Quality of bong prefumptu- 
oiis ; confidence; irreverence. 

PRrSUPPO'SAL. /. Ipra and fuppcjal^ 
Suppofal previoufly formed. Hooker, 

To PRESUPPOSE, 'v.a. [fnf'proffr, Fr, 

pra ?kT\i Jufp'je.'\ To fupp^'le as previous. 


PRESUPPOSITION./, [pr^fuppcfttiov, Fr.] 
Suppofiiion previoufly formed. 

PRESURMI'SE. /. \prc£ and Jurmife.^ Sur. 
mife previoudy formed, SbakefpearSt 

PRETE'NCE. /. Ipra'enfut, Latin.] 

I. Afalfe a gument grounded up(^n fictiti- 
ous poftula'e,'.. TH'orfofi. 
Z. The aft oi /howing or alleging what is 
not real. Clarendon. Woh^ 

3. AlTrmption ; fl?-m to notice, Et'elyn^ 

4. Claim true cr falfe. M. Iton. 

5. Something ihieatened, or held out to 
terrify. Sbt'kfpcffret 

To PRETE'ND. v, a. Tpy^^ndo, Laua.] 
I. To hold out J to ftretch forward. Dry. 
2 To portend J to fnre/how. Haytvard. 

3. To make any appearance of having; 
to allege fa lily. Milton. 

4. To (how hypocritically, D. of Piety, 

5. To hold out as a delufive appearance. 


6. To cla'm. Dtyderi, 
To PRETEND, -v. v. 

I. To put in a claim rru'y f r faifcly. Dry. 

z. To prefume on ability to do any thing; 

to profefs prcTumptuoullv. Bro'tcn, 

PRETE'NDER. /. [trcm fr'terd.l One 

who lavs claim 'o any thing. tope. 

PRETE'NDINGLY. ad. [froru pret.rd'rg ] 

Arrogantly ; prerumpruoiilly. Collier. 

PRETE'NSION. /. [iracterjio, Latin.] 

1. , Claim true or falte. Szo)ft. 

7.. Fiftirious appearance. Bruor, 

PRE'TER. /. [jro'tr, Latin.] A particle, 

which pref7Ked to words of Latin original, 

f gnifies bf/ide. 
PRE'TERIM PERFECT, a. In grammar, 

denotes the tenfe net perfe^Iy p^ft. 
PRETERIT, a. Ipraierit, French ; prate- 

X'tus, Latin.] Pali. 
PRETERI'TION. /. [preUritwr, Frenrh ; 

from fret frit.'} The a<ll of going paft ; the 

ftate ri bemg psf*, 
fR£'TERI^^£SS. /. [fiorr prctnt ] State 


of being paft ; not prefence ; not futurity, 

PRETERLAPSED. a. [pradrbpfui. La- 
tm,] Paft and gone. talker, 

PRETERLEGAL, a. [prefer and legal.] 
Not agreeable to Jaw. Ktng ChorUt, 

PRETERMISSION. /. [pretmmjfion, Fr. 
pr.^urmijfio, Latin.] The aft of omitting. 

To PRETERMIT, -v. a. [praUrmttto, La- 
tin.] To pafs by. Bacon, 

PRETERNATURAL, a. \praur and ra- 
tural] DiiTerent from what is natural ; 
irregular. iioutb, 

PRE'FERNATURALLY. ah {horn pre- 
ternatural.'] In a manner different tr<>m 
the common order of nature. Bacon, 

PRE'TERNATURALNESS. /. [from ;>re- 
ternatural.] Manner different from the or- 
der of nature. 

PRE'TERPERFECT. a. [pr^teritum per. 
ft&'jm, Luin.] A grammatical term ap- 
pliel to the tenfe, which denotes time 
abf( lutely paO. 

PRETERPLUPERFECT. a. {prateritum 
plujqu m perftBuniy Latin.] The gramma- 
tical epithet for the tenfe denoting time 
relatively pait, or paft before fome other 
paft time. 

PRETE'XT. /. \pra'exiut^ Latin.] Pre- 

tenccj falle appearance J falfe allegation. 


PRE'TOR. /. Ipra'or, Latin.] The Roman 
judge. It. is now fometimes taken for s 
mayor. SpeBator, 

PRETORIAN. a. Ip-atonanuiyhztm ; pre- 
tonen, French.] Judicial ; exercifed by 
the pretor. Bacon, 

PRE'TTILY. ad. [from pretty.] Neatly ; 
elegantly ; pleafingly. Bacor, 

PRE'TTINESS. /. [from pretty.] Beauty 
without dignity. More, 

PRETTY, a. [praet, finery, Saxon ; p^etto, 
Italian ; prat, pratttgh, Dutch.] 

1. Neat; elegant. Watts, 
z. Beautiful without grandeur or dignity. 


3. It is ufed in. a kind of diminutive con- 
tempt in poetry, and in convetfation. Ad, 

4. Not very fmall. Abbot, 
PRE TTY. ad. In fome degree. Newton, 

After bury. Baker, 

To PREVAIL, v. ». [prevalotr, French.] 

r. To be in force ; to have effect ; to 

have power; to have int^iience. Locke, 

2. Ta ovcicome ; to gain the fuperionry, 

Kng Cbarht, 

3. To gain influence ; to operate cffedu- 

4. To pr ifu^de or induce by entreaty. 

PREVAILING, a. [h^m prevail] Prcdo- 
minapt ; havma moft inrtuence. Roive. 
PREV.AILMENT. / [^rom prevail,] Pre- 
valence, Cihakdp'are, 


PRE'V^ALENCE. 7 f. ^prevalence, French; 
PRE'VALENCY. J fravaUntla, luwLatin.] 

Superiority 3 intiucncc j prcdurninance. 

PRE'VALENT. a. [prava'ens, Latin.] 

I. Vjdtorious J gaining fuperionty, S^utb. 

z. Pfcdominant ; powerful. Milton. 

PRE'VALENTLY. aJ. [from prevaUnr.] 

Powerfully, forcibly. Prior. 

To PREVA'RICATE. v. n. [pre-variior, 

Latin.] To cavil j to quibble j lo fhuffle. 
PREVARICA'TION./. [pravar.catio, Li- 

tn.] Shuffle; cavil. A-idifor., 

PREVARICA'TOR. /. \pravaricator^\i^ 

tin.] A caviller ; a fhufiHer. 
PREVE'NIENr. a. [pra-vmiem, Latin.] 

Preceding; going before j preventive. 

To PREVE'NE. 1;. a. [, Latin.] 

To hinder. 
To PREVE'NT. v. a. [pravemc, Latin j 

pre-venir, French.] 

1. To go before as a guide ; to go before, 
making the way eafy. Prayer, 

2. To go before j to be before j to antici- 
pate. Bacor. 

3. To preoccupy J to preengage j to at- 
tempt fiift. K ngC'oarliit 

4. To hinder ; to obviate j to oortrudt. 

To PRE'VENT. -v. «. To come before the 

time. Bacon. 

PREVE NTER. /. [from pre-vert ] 

I. One that goes before. Bacon. 

%. Oie that hinders j an hinderer j an ob- 

PREVE'NTION. [privtntion, French, from 

p auenium, Litin. 

1. The aft of going before. Milt en, 

2. Preoccupaticn j anticipation,' Sbjkefp. 

3. Hindcr^nce^ obflruifv^ on. Milton, 

4. Pfej'jdi'c J prcpoirefTion. Dryden. 
PREVE'NTION AL. a. [Uors^ pre-vimion.} 

Ttnomg to prevention. 

PREVENTIVE. ^. [Uompre-vent.] 

J. T'.nd'ng to hinder. Bacon. 

%. Preftrv3tive ; hindering ill. Broiun. 

PREVE'NTIVE. /. [Uotr^pre'vent.^ A pre- 
fervativc ; that which prevents; an anti- 

PREVE'NTIVELY. ad. [itompre'veniive.'\ 
In fuch a manner as tends to prevention. 

PREVIOUS, a. [praviut, Latin.] Antece- 
dent; going before ; prior, Burnet. 

PRE'ViOUSLY. ad. [Uom pre-vious.] Be- 
forehand ; antecedently. Prior, 

PRE'YIOUSNLSS. /. [ixon\ previoui] An- 

PREY. /. \prada, Latin.] 

1. Something to be devoured; fomething 
tobelcixedj ravine; plunder. Clurtndor.^ 

P R I 

2. Ravage J depredation. Sbaiefpeare. 

3. Animal o( prey, is an animal that lives 
on other animals. L' Eflrange. 

To PREY, v.n. [fr^ior, La|in.] 

I. To feed by violence. Shak-fpear'e. 

a. To plunder; to rob. Hiake pa-e. 

3. To corrode; towafte. .iduifcn. 

PRE'YER. /. [itom p,ey.] Robber; dc- 

vourer ; plunderer. 
PRrAPI>M. /. [priapijmui, Lu. priapifme, 

Fr.] A pietcrnatural tenfi.n. Bjcon. 

PRICE. /. [prix, French ; ptatium, L»t n.J 

1. Equivalent pai^ for any thmjj. Bacon, 

2. Value; eftiniation; fuppoled excel- 
'«"*^'- Bacon, 

3 Rate at which any thing is fold. Locke, 

4 R:ward ; thing purchafed at a.iy rate. 

To PRICE, -v. a. To pay Aw. Sp^rfir, 

To PRICK, -v.a. [tjucian, S^xon.J 

J. To pierce with a Imall puncture. Art. 

2. To form or erect with an acuminated 
poi^t. Bjcon. 

3. To fix by the poin\ Neivton, 

4. To hang on a point. Sandys, 

5. To nominate by a punflure or mark. 


6. To fpur ; to goad ; to impel ; to in- 

7. To pain; to pierce with remorfe, 

A£ii li. 37, 

8. To make acid, Hudib>as, 
g. To rriark a tun/*. 

To PRICK, -v. n. [prijken, Djtch.] 

J. Todtefs one's lelf for fh^w. 

2. To come upon the fpur. Sp^njer. Mi! 01, 
PRICK, y [fp'CC3, baxon.] 

1. A fliarp ileiider iiiftrument ; any thing 
by which a punfture is made. Duvies. 

2. A thorn in the mind ; a tofing and 
tormenting thought; remorfe of confci- 
ence. Stiie piare. 

3. A fpot or muk at wh'ch archer, aim. 


4 A po"nt ; a fixed place. Sbakfpare. 

5. A punaure. Bnjiin. 

6. The print cf a hare in the g-rounj. 
PRI'CKER. /. [Uom prick. \ 

J. A /harp- pointed irilhument. Moxon, 

2. A light horfcman. Ihyiuard. 

PRl'CKET. /. [iiompruk.] A buck in his 

fccor.d year. Alanivood. 

PRI'CKLE. /. [from priJ.] Small iharp 

poin'', like that of a brier. ff^at'ts. 

PRI'CKLINESS. /. If. cm prickly.] Fulnefs 

of {harp points. 
PRICKLOUjE./. { prick 3ndlcufe.-\ A word 

of contempt for a tay;or. L'Ef.rjnge. 

PRICKSONG. /. [p'ick zndfong.j Song 

frt to mulkk. Sbakefpeare. 

PRICKLY, a. [ixom prick. "] Fall of Oi-irp 

poincs, Bjcoi, 


P R I 

PRICKMADAM. /. A fpecles cf houfe^ 


PRl'CKPUNCH. /. Moxon. 

PRrCKWOOD. /. A tree. 
PRIDE. /. [pjut or ppy^, Saxon.] 

1, Inordinace and unrealonable felf €fteem. 


2. Infolence j rude treatment of others. 


3. Dignity of manner; loftinefs of air. 

4, Generous elation of heart. Smith. 
<;. Elevation ; dignity. Shakefpeare, 

6. Ornainent j fhow j decoration, Milton, 

7. Solendour j oftentation. Dryden, 

8. The ftate of a female beaft foliciting the 
male. Shakefpearc. 

To PRIDE. V. a. [from the noun.j To 
make proud J to rate himlelf high. 

Gov. of the Tongi 
PRIE. /. I fuppofe an old name of privet. 

PRIEF for f roc/. Sl^erfer. 

PRi'ER. /. [from pry.^ One who enquires 

too narrowly. 
PRIEST. /. [pjieort, Saxon ; frejlre^ Fr.] 
I, One who officiates in facred offices. 

a. One of the fecond order in the hierar- 
chy, above a deacon, below a bifliop. 

PRI'ESTCRAFT. /. [prufl and craft. ]^z. 

ligious frauds. SpeBator. 

PR^E'STESS. /. [from pnf:\ A woman 

who (fficiated in heathen rites. Addison, 
PRIE'STHOOD. /. [from/5nV7?.] 

J. The office and charadltr of a prieft. 


a. The order of men f.-'t apart for holy 

offices. ^ Dryden, 

3. The fecond order of the hierarchy. 
PRIE'STLINESS. /. [from pnejlly.l The 

appeaiancs or n^anner of a prieft, 
•PRIESTLY, a. [from /r/V/.] Becoming a 

piieil j facerdotal j belonging £0 a prieft. 

PRIE'STRIDDEN. a. {pneji and ridden ] 

Managed or governed by priefts. Stvft, 
To PRIEVE for^rOT-f, Sp'-njer. 

PRIG. /. A pert, conceited, fancy, pragma- 

t'cal, litde fellow. Sp.&ator, 

PRILL. /. A birt or tiirbot. ySinfzvorth. 

PRIM- a. [by contncWonhom primitive.'] 

Fovmal j precife ; a (defied ly nice. Sivift, 
To PR.iM. v. a. [from the adjedive.] To 

deck up precifely j to form to an afFeded 

nicety. 1 

PRIMACY. /. \primaiie, French.] The 

chief ecciefialilcai flaticn. Clarendon, 

PRIMAGE. /. The freight of a fhip. Ainf. 
PRIMAL, a, {primus, Latin. 1 Firft. A 

word not in ufe- Skakcfpeare. 

PRI'MARILY. od. [from primary.'^ Qng!- 

nallv; in the hvft intention Broion. 

PRI'M.-ilUNESS. /. liiom primary.'^ The 

P R I 

ftate of be'ng firft in aft or intention. Nor* 
PRI'MARY. a, [primarius, Latin.] 

I. Firft in intention. Hammond, 

a. Original J firft. ~ Raleigh. 

3. Fidt indignity; chief; principal. Bent, 
PRI'MATE. /. {primal, French j primas, 

Latin.] The chief ecclcfiafticki Aylijfe, 
PRI'MATESHIP. /. [irom primate.'] The 

dignity or office of a primate. 
PRIME. /. [primus, Latin.] 

J. The firft part of the day ; the dawn ; 

the morning. Mi/ton, 

2. The beginning ; the early days, Milton, 

3 . The beft part. Swift, 

4. The fpring of life, Dryden. 

5. Spring. TValler, 

6. The height of perfeftion. Woodxitard, 

7. The firft canonical hour. 

8. The firft part ; the beginning. 
PRIME, a. [prir^jus, Latin.] 

1. Early ; blooming. Milton, 

2. Principal; firft rate. Clarendon. 

3. Firft; original, Locke, 

4. Excellent. Shahjpeare, 
To PRIME. V. a. [from the noun.] 

1, To put in the firft powder; to put 
powder in the pan of a gun. Boyle, 

a. [Primer, French, to begin.] To lay 
the firft colours on in painting, 

PRI'MELY. ad, [ftota prime.] 

I. Originally; primarily; in the 6rft 
place. Souths 

1. Excellently; fupremely well, 

PRI'MENESS. /. [from/>r/W.] 

1. The ftate of being firft. 

2, Excellence. 

1. An office of the blefTed virgin. Stilling, 

2. A fmall prayer-book in which children 
are taught to read, Lccke. 

VRIME'RO.f. [Spanifti,] A gam^a. ca.ds. 

PRIME'VAL. 'la.[primavus,hi\\n.] O- 

PRLME'VOUS yriginal ; fuch as Vv ac at firft. 

PRIMITIAL. a. [primitius, primitia, La- 
tin.] Biing of the firft produdion. Ainf. 

PRI'MITIVE. a, [primitif, Fr, primittvus, 

I. Ancient ; original j eflabli/hed from the 
beginning. Tiilotfon. 

Z, Formal ; affeftedly folemi? ; imitating 
the fuppofed giavity of old times. 

3. Original; primary; not derivative.M/, 
pRl'MITIVELY. ad. [irom primitive.] 

1. O iginaliy ; at firft. Broivn, 

2. Primarily ; not derivatively. 

3. According to the original rule. South, 
PRI'MITIVENESS. /. [from primitive,] 

State of being original ; antiquity; con- 
formity to antiquity. 
PRIMOGE'NIAL. a. [primigcn'us, Latin.] 
Fnftborn; original; primary J conftitu- 
ent; elemental, Boyh\ 

P R I 

PRIMOGE'NITURE. /. [pritnogcnilure^ 
French.] Seniority j t-ldcrfhip ; Itate of 
being firftborn, (7gv of the Torque. 

PRIMO'RDIAL. a. \p-inior(jium, Latui.] 
Original j cxifting frcni the beginning. Bo^ I. 

PRIMO'RDIAI.. /. [from the adj.] Or*< 
gin J firrt principle. 

PRIMO'RDI AN. /. See Pi. w m . 

PRIMO'RDIATE. a, (from fr-.frordkm, 
Litin,] Original: exifling from ihe firfi. 


PRI'MROSE. /. [primula vrii, Latin.] 

1. A flower. Shp.kffpeare. 

2. Pritnrofe is ufed by Sbakefptare for gay 
or flewcry. 

PRINCE. /. [prince, Fr. prircept, Latin.] 
I. A lovereign J a chief ruler. Milton, 
a. A fovereign of rank next to kings. 

3. Ruler of whatever fex. Camden. 

4. The (on of a king j inEnglarx! only the 
eldeft foo j the kinfman of a fovereign. 


5. The chief of any body ©f men. 


To PRINCE. V. n. To play the prince j 
to take eftate. Sbihjpcare, 

PRI'N'CEDOM. /. ffrom prince,] The rank, 

eftate or power of the pcince j fovereignty. 


PRINCELIKE, a, {prince zz\i like.] Be- 
coming a prince. Sbakefpeare, 

PRI'NXELINESS. /. [(rom princely.] The 
fta'e, manner or dignity of a prince, 

PRI'NCELY. a. [fiovn prince.] 

I. Having theappearanccof one high born. 
4. Having the rank of princes. ^iidney. 
3. Becoming a prince j royal j grand j au- 
guft. Mi It en. 

PRI'NCELY. ad. [fromp'ince.^ In a prince- 
ike manner. 

PRINCES-FEATHER. /. The herb ama- 
ranth, ylinfivirti. 

PRl'NCESS. /. \p i^'flf', French.] 

1, A fovereign jacy j a woman having fa- 
vereign command. Granville, 

f. A fovereign lady of rank^ ncjct to thit 
of a queen. 

3. The daughter of a king, Sbakef. 

4. The wife of a prince : as, tbe princels 
cf IVahi. 

PRINCIPAL, a. [principalis, Latin.] 

1. Princely. Sper.fer, 

2. Chief J of the firft rate j capital j ef- 
fcntial. Sbakjpeare, 

PRI'NCIPAL. /. ffrr^m the adj.] 

1. A head ; a chief } not a fecond. Bacon, 

2. One primarily or originally engaged j 
not an acccflary or auxili-ary. ^zvtft. 

3. A capital fum placed ojt at intereft. 


4. The prelJdent or governour. 
PRINCIPA'LITY. /. [pnr.ctpuultg, Fr.] 

P R I 

r. Sovereignty; fopreme power. Sidneyl 

2. A prince j oncinveitcd with fovereignty, 


3. The country which gives title to » 
prince : as, tbe principality of IFalas. 


4. SiipTiority J predominance. Taylor, 
PRINCIPALLY, ad. [from prirc.pal.\ 

Chiefly \ above all j above the reft. 


PRI'NCIPALNESS. /. [ from principal. ] 
The ftate of beirvg principal. 

PRINCIPIA'TION. /. [ from princpiuT., 
Latin.l Analjfij into conftitucnt or ele- 
mental parts. Bacon, 

PRINCIPLE. /. [prirdpiuw, Latin.] 

1. Elcmencj coaftitucnt part j primordial 
fubftance, f^'attt, 

2. Original Ciiufe, Drydtrt, 
J. Being produdive of other being j ope- 
rative caufe, TiUoiJon. 
A, Fundamental truth ; original poftulate j 
6rft pofuionfrom which othersare deduced. 


5. Ground of aftion; motive. AJdiJcn, 

6. Tenet oa which morality is founded. 


To PRI'NCIPLE. v. tt. [from the noun.] 
I, To cftablifh or fix in any tenet j to im- 
press with any tenet good or ill. Soutk, 
«. To eftablifh firmly in t\\t mind, toik'e, 

PRI'NCOCK. 7 /. [ from prirk, or f-nm 

PRI'NCOX. i cock.] A ccx:omb ; a c n- 
ceited perfon j a pert young ropuc. Hb^kefp, 

To PRINK, -v, n. [pronken, Dutch ] to 
prank ; to deck for fhow. 

To PRINT. V. a. [imp'imer, errp-einf, Fr ] 

1. To mark by preliing any thing upon 
another. Dry den. 

2. To imprefs any thine, fo as to leave its 

3. To form by impreflion. Ro^comfncn; 

4. To imprefs words cr make books, not 
by tiie pen but tbe prefs. Pope. 

To PR INT. -v. n. To publiih a book. P<,p \ 
PRINT. /. [tirprdnte, French.] 

I. Mirk or form made by impreffion. 


a. Tbat which being impre-Ted leav«;s its 


3. Pictures cut in wood or copper to be 
imprelTed on p^per. 

4. Picture mide by impreflion. TJ^oVt.-. 

5. The form, fize, arrangerricnt, or otK-r 
qualities of the types ukdin printing h.ioks 


6. The ftate of being published by the ^nn- 

tcr. Sijki!pefi're, 

7. Single dieet printed and fold. Ad.lif'm. 

8. Formal method. LvcJtf, 
PRI'NTER. /. [from print.] 

1. that prints books. ^'ih'* 

2. Oae that Haias Udcq, 

i C PRl'NT- 

P R I 

PRI'NTLESS. a. [from/>r;V.] That which 
Jeaves no impreffion. Sbakef. Milton. 

PRIOR, a. [fr/fpr, Latin.] Fumerj being 
before fometbing elfe j antecedent 5 ante- 
rior. Rogers. 

PRI'OR. /. [prieur, French.] The head of 

, a convent of monks, inferior in dignity to 
an abbot. Addifon, 

PRIORESS. /. [itomprior.'l A lady fupe- 
rior of a convent of nuns, Dryden, 

PRI'ORITV./. [from /r/or, adj.] 

1. The flate of being firft j precedence in 
time. Hayiiard, 

a. Precedence in place. Shahfpeart. 

PRI'ORSHIP. /. [from/>r/<Jr.] The ftate or 
office of prior, 

PRIORY. /. [from/»r;V.] A convent in 
dignity below an abbey. Sbakefpeare. 

PRI'SAGE, /. [ from prife. ] A cuftom 
whereby the prince challenges out of every 
bark loaden with wine, containing lefs than 
forty tuns, two tuns of wine at his price, 


PRISM. /. [wgiV/tttt.] Aprijni of glafs is a 
glafs bounded with two equal and parallel 
triangular ends, and three plain and well 
polifhed fides, which meet io three paral- 
lel linrs, running from the three angles ri 
one end, to the three angles of the other 
end, Neivion, 

FRISMA'TICK. a. [prijmatique, Fr. from 
prifm.'] Formed asa prifrn. I'ope, 

PRISMA'TICALLV. ad. [fTomprifmatick.] 
In the form of a prifm. Boyle, 

PRISMO'ID./. [TTgiV/xaandsj^®..] A body 
approaching to the fotm of a prifm. 

PRFSON./, [/^-rVon, French.] A ftiong hold 
in which perfons are confined ; a gaol. 

Skahejpeare. Dryden, 

To PRI'SON. v,a, [from the noun.] 

I, To emprifon j to fhut up in hold j to 
reftrain from liberty. 

a. To captivate j to enchain. Milton, 
3. To confine. '^ Sbak^fpeare. 

PRI'SONBASE. /. A kind of rural play, 
connmonly called prijonhars. Sandy t, 

PRFiONER. /. [prijonnier^ French.] 

1. One who is confined in hold. Bacon. 

2. A captive j one taken by the enemy. 


3. One under an arreft. Dryden. 
PRl'SONHOUSE. /. Gaol j hold in which 

one is confined. Shakejpeare. 

PRI'SONMENT. /. [from^ajow.]^ Confine- 
ment ; imprifonment 5 captivity. Shake/, 

PRI'STINE. a, [prijlinus, Latin.] Firft ; 
ancient ; original. Philips. 

PRI' THEE. A familiar corruption of pray 
thee, or I pray thee. VEJirange, 

PRI'VACY. /. [horn private.] 
I. State of being fecret j fccrecy, 
a. Retirement j r«treat. Dryden^ 

P R I 

3. Privity J joint knowledge j great fami- 
liarity. Arbutbnot* 

4. Taciturnity. 

PRI 'A' DO. /. [Spanifh.] A fecret friend. 

PRI'VATE. a. [pri-va*us, Latin.] 

1. Not open J Ice c. Sbakejp. MiltOBt 

2. Alone ; not accompanied. 

3. B ing upon the fame terms with the 
reft of the community j particular 5 op- 
pofcd to public k. hcoker, 

4. Particular J not relating to the publick, 


5. /^Private. Secretly j not publick- 
Iv ; not openly. Grarville, 

PRI'VATE. /. A fecret mefTage. Shakt/. 

PRl'VATEER. /. \\xom pri'vate.'l A /hip 
fitted out by private men to plunder ene- 
mies, Siuift, 

To PRl'VATEER. m. a. [from the noun.] 
To nt out fhips ag?,inft enemies, at the 
charge of private perfons. 

PRI'VATE LY. ad. [from pri'vate.'\ Se- 
cretly ; not openly. Shakejpeare, 

PRIVATENESS. /. [hom private.] 

I. The ftate of a man in the fame rank 
v.'i'h the reft of the community. 
a. Secrecy j privacy. Bacon, 

3. Obfcuritv ; retirement, Wotten, 

PRI'VATION. /. [/.^xWno, Latin.] 

I. Removal or deftruftionof any thing or 
quality. Daviet. 

a. The aft of the mind by which, in con- 
fidering a fubjedt, we feparate it from any 
thing appendant, 

3, The ad of degrading from rank or of- 
fice. Bacon» 

FRI'VATIVE. a. [frr't^ar/W.', Latin.] 
1. Caufing privation of any thing, 
a. Confifting in the abfence of fomething ; 
not p' fitive. . Toy'or, 

PRI VATIVE. y. That of which the ef- 
fence is the abfence of fomething, as fileoce 
is only the abfence of found. Bacon, 

PRI'VATIVELY. ad. [from pri-vati've.'^ 
By the abfence of fomething neceflary to be 
prefent J negatively. Hammond, 

PRI'VATIVENESS. /. \ixoxnprivati-ve\ 
Not.ation 0/ ablence of fomething (hat fhould 
be prefent. 

PRI' VET. /■. Evergreen. MiUer, 

PRI'VILEGE. /. [privilege, Fr, privil(gi„ 
wn, Latin.] 

1. Peculiar advantage. Shakefpeare, 

I. Innmiinity; publick right. Dryden. 

To PRI'VILEGE. 1/. a. [from the noun.] 
I. To invert with rights or immunities ; to 
grant a privilege. Dryden, 

z. To exempt from cenfure or danger, 

%t To cxpnpt frcm paying tax or import. 




PRI'VILY. ad, [iiom privy.] Secretly* 
privafclr, Spen'er. 

PRI'VITV. /. [pri-vaut/, Fr. (torn pn-vy.] 
J. Private communication. Spenfer. 

2. Confcioufncfs j j>.int knowledge. 

PRI'Vy. a. [pri-u^, French.] 

J. Private J not publick j afllgncd to fe« 
crct ufes. Sbak'^p-jr,: 

%. Secret ; clandeftine. a Mac, 

3. Secret j not fliown. Esiek, 

4. Admitted to fccrets of ftate. Speffator, 

5. C 'nfcious to any thing j admitted to 
parricipition. Daniel, 

PRI Vy. /. Place of retirement j necemry 
hi-u''e. Sivift, 

PRIZE. /. [prix, French.] 

I. A reward gained by conteft with com- 
petitors. Addtfcn, 
a. Reward gained by any performance. 

3. [Pri'e, Fr.] Something taken by ad- 
venture J plunder. Pope, 

ToPRlZE. 'v.a. [/>rf/ffr, French.] 

1. To rate j to value at a certain price. 

a. To efteem j to value highly. Drydcn, 

PRIZER. /. j>r/V,rar, French.] He that va- 
lues. Shake jpeare. 

PRIZEFIGHTER. /. \pri7^e and fghur.] 
One that fights publickiy for a reward. 


PRO. [Latin.] For j in defence of. 

PROBABILITY. /. [probabil taz, l.iiin.] 
Likelihood ; appearance of tru;h j evidence 
ariiing frcfm the preponderation of argu- 
ment. Tillotfoff, 

PRO'BABLE. a. [fr'.bahU,'Fr. frohabdii, 
Latn.j Likely i having more evidence 
than the contrary. Hooker. 

PRO'BABLY. aJ. [from probable,] UkeU j 
m likelihood. Siuift. 

PROfBJT. /. [Latin.] The proof of wills 
and teftaments of perfons deceafed in the 
fpiritual court, either in comrr.on form by 
the oath of the executor, or with, witnefTe". 


PROBA'TIOX. /. fprobatio, La fin.] 

1. P;oof; evidence ; tertimony. Shekef. 
a. The aft uf proving by ratiocination or 
teftimony. Locke, 

3. [^Probation, Ft.] Trial j examination. 


4. Trial before entrance into monartick 
life; noviciate. Pope. 

PROBA'TIONARY. a. [from probation.] 

Sfrvirg for t'ldl. 

PRO'BA riONER. f. [fTcm probjtion.] 
I. One who IS upon trial. D'yden. 

1. A novice. Day of i^icff. 

PROBA'TIONERSHIP. / [from 'p^ohati- 
oner.] State of being a probationer j novi- 
ciate, Locku 


PRO'BATORY. a, [fromprobo, Int'w.l 

T,nr»"'tf?'''"''- Brjmbalf, 

PROB^TUM EST, A Latin expreffion adi 
ded to the end of a receipt, fignifying it is 
t' ifd or prov(d. Prior, 

PROBE. /. [from /)r9*5, Latin.] A flendei 
wire by which furgeons fcarch the depth of 
^^""<ls. mfeman, 

PROBE-SCISSGRS. /. [probe ^n^ fcijhr.l 
Sciflbrs ufed to open wounds, of which the 
blade thruft into the orifice has a button at 

„ ^I'e ^"<^- m/ema». 

To PROBE. T. a. [probo, Lnin.] To fearch ; 
to try by an inftrument. Soutb„ 

PROBITY. /. fprobia, Fr. probitat, Lat.l 
Honefty ; fincerity ; veracity. Fiddet, 

PRO'BLEM. /. I'TTioBxr.iAx.] A queftion 

PROBLEM A'TICAL. a. [ prolUntatifUf, 
French.] Uncertain j unfettled j difputcd ; 
difputable. ffgy/g 

PR0BLEM.VTIC.4LLY. ad, [ from /r^I 
b/emati al] Uncertainly. 

PROBO'SCIS. /. [prcLfcis, Latin.] A fnout ; 
the trunk of an elephant j but it is ufed 
ajfo for the fame part in every creature. 


PROCA'CIOUS. a. [procax, Latin] Petu- 
lant j loofe. 

PROCA'CITY. /. [from procacious.] Petu- 

PROCATA'RCTICK. a. [TTioKala^^U^.l 
Fo'crunning; antecedent. Har-vey. 

PROCATARXIS. /. [Treoxara.?'?-! The 
pre-exiftent caufe of a difeafe, \vhich co- 
operates with others that are fubfcquent. 


PROCE'DURE. /. [procedure, FrencbT] 
1. M.mncr of proceeding j management; 
condu(ft. South, 

a. Aft of proceeding j progrefs ; procefs 5 
operation. Hale, 

3. Produce ; thing produced. Bacon, 

To PROCEE'D. V. n. \prccrdo, Latin J 

I. To pafs from one thing or place to ano- 
ther. Dryden, 
a. To go forward j to tend to the end de- 
fjgned. Ben. Jobnfon, 

3. To come forth from a place or from a 
fender. j,tn, 

4. To go or march in ftate. Anon, 

5. To ifTue ; toarifej to be the efFeft of ; 
to be produced from. Sbakefprare, 

6. T' profecute any defign. Locke, 

7. Tu be tranfafted ; to be carried on. 


8. To mike progrefs; to advance. Milton, 

9. To carry on juridical procefj. 


10. To tranfaft J to aft ; to carry on any 
any aifjir meth-'dically. Milton, 

I I. To take cffsft 3 to have its courfe. 

5 C a jz, Ta 

p R d 


Milton . 
Produce : as, the proceeds 

^£. To be propagated 5 to come by gene- 
ration. Milton, 
13. To be produced by the original effici 
enc caofe. 

of an eftate. 

PROCEE'DE|>. /. \JTora proceed. 1 One who 

goes forward 5 one who n;akes a progrefs. 


PROCEEDING. /. [procedf, French.] 
3. Prigreifs frona one thing to another : fe- 
ries of condu£l j ttanfadtion. Siv'ft, 

t. Legal procedure. 

PROCE'LLOUS. a. [procelIoJ\js,Ut-] Tern- 
pcfluous, £)/<??. 

PROCE'PTION. /. Preoccupation ; adt of 
taking lomething fooner than another, 

rCifTg Charles t 

PROCLI'VOUS. a. [procli'vis, Latin.] In- 
clined; tending by nature. 

PROCO'NSUL. f. [Latin.] A Roman offi- 
cer, who governed a province with confu- 
lar authority. Peachaftt. 

PRQCO NSULSHIP. /. [from/.roco«/«/. ] 
The office of a proconful. 

To PROCRA'STINATE. -v, a. [procr^Jli- 
«or, Litin.] To defer J to delay j to pot 
offfiom day to day. Shake ^prare* 

To PROCRA'STINATE. t. n. To be di- 
latory. SiviJ'u 

PROCRASTINA'TION. /, [procrafiinatiOj, 
Latin.] D;'lay; dilatorincfs. D. of Piety. 

PROCRaSTINA'TOR. /. [frorp f wre/Zj. 
rats,'^ A dilatory perfon. 

PRO'CREANT. a. [p ocream, Lat.] Pre- 
duflive ; pregnanf. ' Shakcfpeare, 

PROCE'RITY. /. [from /•ro^rfei, Latin.] To PRO'CREATE. <p. a. [j&roaw, Latin.] 

Talnffs 5 height of ftature. 
]pRO'CESS. /. Iprnccffus, Latin.] 


Tendency j progrefiive courfe. Hooker. 

2. Regular and gradual progrefs. KnoUet, 

3. Courfe ; continual flux or psfl'age. Hale. 

4. Methodical management of any thing. 


5. Courfe of law. Hayzvjrd. 
fROCE'SSION./. [prcceJfio,UUf>.] A train 

marching in ceremonious folemnity. 


To PROCESSION, v.n. [from the noun. J 
Togo in procefiion. A low word. 

PROCE'SSION AL. a. £ from fracef.on. ] 
Relating to proceffion. 

PROCE'SSIONARY. a. [Uom procej/ion.] 
Ci^nfifting in proceflion. Hooker, 

PKO CHRONISM. /. [ttjoxpoW^'^.] An 
error in chronology j a dating a thing be- 
fore it happened, DiSI. 

PRO'CIDENCE. /. \p^oc!deKtia,Ut.] Fail- 
ing down J dependence below its natural 

Pp^O'CINCT. /. [yrof/fi^tfj, Latin,] Com- 
plete preparaiicn ; preparation brought to 
the point of aiftion. Milton. 

To PROCLAIM, 'v.a. [/>r'<r/dmo, Latin.] 
s- To promulgate or denounce by a folepsn 
<iT legal publication, D^wf. 

$. To tell openly, Locke. 

■J. To outlaw by publick denunciation. 


To generate J to produce. / Ber.tby^ 

PROCREATION. /. [procreatio, Latin.] 

Generation ; pfodu^lion. Raleigh, 

PRQ'CREATIVE. a. Generative j produc- 
tive. Hale, 
PRO'CREATIVENESS. /. [hom pr^crea^ 

tive.] Power of generation. D. of Piety, 
PROCREA'TOR. /. [from procreate.l Ge- 
nerator ; begetter. 
PRO'CTOR. /. [contraded from ^rofwra/cf, 


I. A jpanager of another man's affairs. 

a. An attorney in the fpiritual court. 


3. The magi/'lrate of the univerfity. 
To PROCrOR. -v, a. [from the noun.] T» 

manage. Shakejpeare,- 

PRO'CTORSHIP. /. [from/r9<?7or.] Office 

or dignity of a pro£lor. Clarendon, 

PRO'CUMBENT. a, [procumbem^hzixn.l 

Lying down ; prone. 
PRpCU'RABLE. a. litom procure.'] To 

be procured j obtainable j acquirable. 

PRO'CURACy. /. [from procure. '\ The 

maisagement of any thing. 
PROCURA'TION. /. {horn procure. '] The 

ad of procuring. Woodward, 

PROCURA(TOR. /. \procurAteur, French.] 

Manager j one who tranfadts affairs far 

another. Taylor, 

PROCLAl'MliR, /. \f701xi proclaim. \ One PROCURATORIAL. a. [from/>r5<-«raror.] 

Made by a proftor. y^yliffe. 

PROCU'KATORY. a. [horn procurator,^ 
Tending to procuration. 

To PROCU'RE. 1/, a. [procuro^ Latin.] 

1. To roiinagc ; to trauLfl for another, 

2. To obtain ; to acquire. ' Mittoe» 

3. To perfuade ; to prevail on. Herbert, 

4. To contrive ; to (orw.ud. Sbukf. 
tp PRO'CURE, V. n. To bawd 5 tn pimp, 



tnat pubiifiies bv aathority, Milton. 

PROcLAMa'TI'ON, /. [proclamation Lat.] 
';. Puoiica'jon oj jtathority. 
2.. A fiecl iratioii of rhe king's will openly 
publifhtd among the ptoole. Clarendon, 

PROCLrVlTV. /. [p>ochvifas,Utw.} 
if. Tendency J natural inclination j pro- 
penfion. , Bramhall, 

*..Readi.nefs : facility of attaining. 
"* ''■''" ■ '■ ■ ? Wot(On> 



PROCU'REMENT. /. The a£l of procur- 
JDg. Dryden, 

PROCU'RER. / [irom procure.] 

I. One that gains j obttfincr. Tfalton, 

a. pimp; pandar, Soi^th, 

PROCU'RESS. /. [from procure.] A bawd. 

PRODI'GAL. a. [prodlgut, Latin.] Pro- 
fufe ; wafteful j cxpenflve ; lavirti. Fbilips. 

PRO'DIGAL. /. A waaer ; a fpendthrift. 
Bin. ycbnfort, 

PRODIGA'LITY. /• {prodigals/, Fiench. ) 
Exirjvagance j profufion j wafte j exceffive 
liberality. Gan-vilie. 

PRO'DIGALLY. ad. [hom prodigal.] Pro- 
fufely J waftefuUyj extravagantly. 

» Ben, Jcbtjjon, Dryden. 

PRODI'GIOUS. a. [prodigicfui, L'ltin. ] 
Amazing ; aflonifhing j monftrou". Bacon. 

PRODI'GIOUSLY. ad. {{rom prodigious.] 
Amazingly j aftonifhingly j potcntoufly j 
eootmouflv. Ray, 

PR0DI'GI6U.^NESS. /. [from prodigious.] 
Enormoufnefs j portentoufnefs j amazing 

PRO'DIGY. /. [prodigium, Latin.] 

1. Any thing out ot the ordinary procefs 
of nature, from which Omens arc drawn ; 
portent. jiddiJon% 

2. Moriiler. Ben. Johnfcr, 

3. Any thing afioniffiir.g for gocd or bad, 

PRODI'TION. /. [proditioy Latin. jTrea- 

fon ; treachery. Ainjivorth. 

PRO'DirOR. f. [Latin.] A traytor. Not 

in ufe. Skake^pfare. 

PRODITG'RTOUS. a. [from />ro^;>5r, Lat.] 

J. Trayterousj treacherous j perfidious. 

2. Apt to make difcoverie?. Wotton, 

To PRODU'CE. 'V. a. [p>oduco, Latin.] 

i. To offer to the view or notice, Jjaiab, 

2, To exhibit to the publick. Swift. 

3. To bring as an evidence. Sbakef, 
■ 4, To bear j to bring forth, as a vegetable. 

5. To caufe 5 to effed j to generate j to 
beget. Bacon. 

PRODUCE. /. [from the verb.] 

I. Product 3 that which any thing yields 
or brings. Dryden. 

z. Amoujit ; profit ; gain j emergent fum 
or quantity. j^ddijon. 

PRODUCENT./. [from produce.] One that 
exhibits ; one that offers, Ayliffi. 

PRODUCER. >L [ficm produce.] One that 
generates or produces. Suckling, 

PRODUCIBLE, a. [from produce.] 

I. Such as may be exhibited. South, 

2 Such as may be generated or made, 


PRODU'CIBLENESS. /. [from product J,ie.] 
T?iie fa:« of teing f foduciblc. Boy'e, 

PRO'DUCT, ;. [produaus^ Latin.] 

I. Something produced, as fruits, fiilt^ 

metalr. Sff^fai^, 

', Latin.J 

2. Work ; cdmpofition. 

3. Thing cnnfcquential j effeft. 
PRODU'CTILE. a. [from produce. 

Which may be produced. 
PRODU'CTION. /. [fxomprodua.] 

1. The a6l of producing. Dryden, 

2. The thing produced j fruit ; produG. 


3. Compofition, Sivifu 
PRODUCTIVE, a. [from produce.^ Hav- 
ing the power to produce j fertile 3 gene- 
rative } efficient. Milton, 

PKCyEM. f, [7rgo3i/x4ev ] Preface j intro- 

duftion. Siviftm 

PROFANATION. /. [^«o, Lat.) 

1. The a£i of violating any . thing lacred, 

Donne. South, 

2. Irreverence to holy things or perfons. 

PROFA'NE. a, [from prof j»us,UUn.] 
I. Itieverent to facred names or things. 

!• Not facred j fecular. Burnet, 

3. Polluted ; not pure. RaUigb, 

4. Not purified by holy rites. Dryden, 
To PROFA'NE. -v. a. f^ro/j«e, Latin.] 

1. To violate } to pollute. Milton, 

2. To put to wrong ufe. Sbahfpcare, 
PROFA'NELY. ad. [ftorr. profane.] Witk 

irreverence to facred names or things. 

a Ejdrat, 
PROFA'NER. /. [(lom profane.'^ Polluter; 

violater. Hoohr, 

PROFA'NENESS, /, [from^r«/j«*.] Irre- 

verence of what is facred. 


PROFE'CTION. /. [proftclio, Latin.] Ad- 
vance J progreffion. Brown, 

To PROFE'SS. -v. a. [profffusyhiim.} 
I. To declare himfeif id ftrong terms of 
any opinion or paffion. Mi ton, 

z. To make a fhow of any fentiments by 
loud declaration. Sbaktjpeare, 

3. To declare publickly one's fkill in any 
art or fcience, fo as to invite employment. 


To PROFE'SS. -v. n. 

1. To declare openly. Shalepeare, 

2. To declare friendiiip. Sbakef, 
PROFESSEDLY, ad. [from profeffed.] Ac- 
cording to open declaration made by him- 
felf. Dryden, 

PROFE'SSION. /. [from t'ofefs.'\ 

I . Calling } vocation j kfl»wn employment. 

Strait t 

2- Declaration. Siiift, 

3. The aft of declaring one's it\f of any 
party or opinion. Ti'LtJon, 

PROFE'SSIONAL. a. [from profffi^n.] Re- 
lating to a faiucu/ar calling or proftflion. 


PROFE'SSOR. /. [^ro/#r/r, French. ]_ ^ 
y. One who declares himfelf of any opinion 



», One who publickly praftifes or teaches 

»n art. SiviJ^. 

%. One who is vifibly religious. Locke, 

IWIOFE'SSORSHIP. /. [ from frof.for. ] 

The ftation or office of a publick teacher. 
ToPRO'FFER. v,a. f^o/^ro, Latin.] 

J. Topropofe; to offer. Milton. 

2. To attempt. Ainfivortb, 
rRO FFER. /. [from the verb.] 

I. Oft'er made j fomething propofed toac- 
ceptahce. CLrtttdon. 

3. EflTay J attempt. Bacon. 
FRO'FFERER. /. [homfrofer.-] He that 

offers. CoWer. 

JPROFI'CIENCE. 7 /. [from fro/c j^ La t.] 

FROFi'CIENCY. 5 Profit J advancement 
in any thing j improwment gained. 


FROFrciENT, /. [p'ofciens, Latin.] One 
who has made advancement in any ftudy or 
bufinefs. Boyle. 

PROFI'CUOUS. tf. [proficuus^ Latin.] Ad- 
vantageous ; ufeful. Pbilpt. 

FROFIXF. /. [p^ofJet Fiench.] The lide 
face } half face. Dryden, 

PRO'HT. /. f^rc/r. French.] 

I. Gaia j pecuniary advantage. Swift. 
a. Advantage J acceflior> of good. Bacon. 
J. Improvement j advancement j profici- 

To PRO'FlTr V. a. \frofiter, French.] 

1. To benefit J to advantage. Job. 

2. To improve J to advance, Drydn. 
To PROFIT, -v. n. 

2. To gain advantage. Arbuihnot, 
2.. To make improvement. Dryden. 

3. Ti) be of ufe or advantage. Prior. 
rRO'FITABLE. a. [prcjitable, Fr. from 

J. Gainful ; lucrative. Bacon. 

1. Ufeful ; advantageous^ Arhutbr.ot. 
FRO'FITABLENESS. /. Ifrom pro^table.} 

J. GninfulnefF. 

a. Ulefulnefs ; advantagecufnefs. 
PRCyPlTABLY, ad. [ftoca profiiable.'] 
J. Gainfuiiy. 

2. Advantageoufly } ufefully. TFake. 
PROFITLESS, a. [from^ro/^] Void of 

gain or advantage. Sbakef. 

P^O FLIGATE. a. [ prof.igatus, Latin. ] 

Abandoned} ioft to virtue and decency 3 

fliamelsfs. Rojcommon. 

PROFLIGATE. /. An abandoned Jhame- 

lefs wretch. Siuift. 

T© PRO'FLIGATE. v. a. [profigOy Lat.] 

To drive away. Harvey. 

FKO'FLIGATELY, ad. [from ^ro//^<z?<'.] 

&i>3melc%. iw/^. 


PRO'FLIG ATENESS. /. [from profligate.^ 

The quality of being profligate. 
PROTLUENCE. /. [from />.*/»*«/. ] Pro- 

grefs J courfe. JVotton. 

PRO FLUENT, a. [from profuem, Latin] 

Flowing forward. Milton. 

PROFO'UND. a. [profundui,\.%t\a.] 

I. Deep 5 defcending far below the furface ; 
" low with refpeft to the neighbouring places. 


i. Tntclle£lually deep j not obvious to the 


3. Lowly J humble i fubmifs j fubmiffive. 


4. Learned beyond the common reach. 


5. Deep in contrivance. Uofa, 

1. The deep j the main j the fea. Sandys, 
a. The abyfs. Milton. 

To PROFO'U^JD. V. n. [from the noun.] 
To dive ; to penetrate. Gtan-vilet. 

PROFO'UNDLY. a. [hom profound.] 

1, Deeply j with deep concern. Sbakef, 

2. With great degrees of knowledge j with 
deep infight. Dryden, 

PROFO'UNDNESS. /. [ftom profound.] 

I. Depth of place. 

a. Depth of knowledge. Hooker, 

PROFU'NDITY. /. [from profound.] Depth 

of phce or knowledge, Milton. 

.PROFU'SE. a [profujus, Lat.] Lavilh ; too 

liberal J prodigal j overabounding. ^ddif, 
PROFU'SELY. ad. [from profuje.] 

1. L^vi/hly ; prodigally. 

2. With exuberance. Thomfon, 
PROFU'SENESS. /. [i tow prof ufe.] Lavjfh- 

nefs ; prcd gality. Dryden. Atterbury, 

PROFU'SION. /. \profurio, Latin.] 

1. Lavifhnei's } prodigality j extravagance, 


2. Lavifh expence j fuperfluous effufion. 


3. Abundance j exuberant plenty. Addifon, 
To PROG. V. n. 

1. To rob J to fleal. 

2. To ihift meanly for ■prcvifions. VE^r, 
PROG./, [from the verb.] Viaualsj pro- 

vifion of any kind. Swift. Congreve, 

PROGENERA'TION. /. [prog.nero, Lat.] 
The a£i: of begetting ; propagation. 

PROGE'NITOR. /. [progcmtui, Latin.] A 
forefather j an anceflor in a direct line. 


PRO'GENY. /. fprogenie, old Fr. progtnies, 
Latin,] Offspring J race j generation. 


PROGNO'STICABLE. a. [from prognojii. 
cate.] Such as may be foreknown or fore- 
told. Brown. 

To PROGNO'STICATE. 1: a. [from prog- 
7io(i'.ck.\ To^foretell ; to forefhow. Clarend. 

PROGNOSTICATION. /. [ from prog- 
n'jfiicute.] J. Th 


1, The aft of foreknowing or foreshowing, 


a. Forett4cen. ^ Sidney. 

PROGNOSriCA'TOR. /. [fvavn frogmjiU 

cate,] Furetcllcr j forcknowcr. 

Gov. of the Tongue. 
PROGNO'STICK. a. [Tr^oyvaiq-iKou] Fore-- 

tokening iilc^ie or recovery. 
PROGNO'SnCK. /. [ the adj.] 

I. Tte fkili of foretcHing difeafcs or the 

event or dlfeafcs. Arbutbrot.. 

1. A pteditlion. Sv."fc, 

3. A token forerunning. South. 
pRO'GRti,S./r [progret, Fr. ftoii\progrfj[fus, 


1, Ccviife j proceflion ; paflape. 

Shakfj. Milton. Pope, 

2. Advancement i motion forward. 

Bacon. Sivffc. 
5. Intelleflual improvement j advance- 
ment in knowledge. Locke, 

4. Removal from one place to another. 


5. A journey cf ftatc J a circuit. Baar, 
To PRO'GREiS, f. n. [progredior, Latin.] 

To move forward j to pafs. Sbak-J, 

PROGRE'SSION. /. [prog>t/Jio, Latin.] 

1, Pfocefs i regular and gradual advance. 


2. Motioa forward, Brcivn. 

3, Courfe ; pafTage, Shakrf, 

4. Intelieitiial advance. Locke. 
PROCRE'SSIONAL. a. [from prcgref- 

JioH.] Such at are in a flate of encreafe or 

advance. Brcnvn. 

PROGRE'SSIVE. a. [progrefftf,Titnch.'] 

Going forward ; advanang. Broivv^ 

PROGRE'SSIVELY. ad. [ixovnpttgrfjfi've.l 

Bv gradual rteps or regubr courfe, Holder. 

PROGRE'oSIVENESS. /. [from progref. 

five.] The ftate of advancing. 
To FROHi'BIT. v. a. [probibeo,L^i'\n.'\ 
X. To forbid i to interdnil by authority. 


a. To debar; to hinder. Milton. 

PROHI BITER. /. [ixom prohibit.] For- 

biddcr ; inteididcr. 

PROHIBITION. /. [;.roi./^;W<?ff, French.] 

Forbiddance } interdift j aft of forbidding. 

Ti Hot Jon. 

PROHI'BITORY. a. [from prohibit.] Im- 

plyin?, pruhibitio* ; forbidding. Ayliffe, 

To PROJECT, -v. a. [projtaus, Latin.] 

1. To.throw out ; to cait forward, tope. 

2. To exhibit a form, as of the image 
thrown on a mirrour. D'^ydea. 

3. [Projctter, Ft ] To fcheme } to torm 
in the mind ; to contrive. South. 

To FRO'jECT. V. n. To j«t out j to 
fhoot forward j to fhoot beyond fomethir.g 
next it. 

PRO/JECT. /, {projet, Fr, from ihe verb.] 
Scheme j c.Btnv4rite, Rog^ri, 


PROJE'CTILE. /. [from the adj.] A body 
piir in motion. CbeynCm 

PROJE'CTILE. a. [pri^eail(,?iench] Ina- 
pelJed forward. A'butbnsX^ 

PROJECTION. /. [from projed ,\ 

I. The aft of Ihooting forwards. Broiifm* 
t, [^ProjeSion, Fr.] Plan j 4dioeation, 


3. S heme ; plarf of a^ion. 

4. In chemiflry, crifis of an operation* 

PROJE'CTOR. /. [itomfrojea.] 
I. One who forms fchemcs or de«'igns. 

jiddifon, Rogertm 
%. One wiio forms wild impraOicabtte 
fcbemes. P^*m 

PROJE'CTURE. /. [projeaure, Fr. pro}^. 
turn, Latin.] A jutting dut. 

To PROIN. -v. a. [a corruption of ^««.J 
To lop J to cut 

J to trim j to prwne. 

Ben. Jvhnfc^u 

To PROLATE, v. a, [prolatum,lj^un.] T© 

pronounce j to utter. HovnL 

PROLATE, tf. [/ro.WttJ, tatid.] Oblat«j 

flat. Ci«>i«<. 

PROLA'TION. /. [prolatui, Latia.j 

Pronunciation : utterance. 


2. Delay J afl of deferring. 

PROLE'GOMENA. /. [w^.X^ye'/^va,] Pr«- 

vious difcourfe 3 mCroduilory [obfervati- 


PROLE'PSig. /. [y^c^n^}.ic.] A form of 
rhetorick, ia which objcaions are arytici> 
pated. Bramhaiim 

PROLE'PTICAL. a. [Uota prelepfi.] Pre- 
vious } antecedent. GlativilUm 

PROLE PTICALLY. ai, \iiQTnp,o!ep:icml^ 
By way of anticipation. Clsriff^^ 

PROLETARIAN, a, Me^n i wrctcb«<l i 
vile J vulgar. Hudibrau 

PROLIFICA'TION. /. iproUt and fadi^ 
Latin.] Generation of children, Brvan. 

PROLI FICK. 7 tf. [ proHfique, French, ] 

PROLITICAL. i Fruitful} gcneratitej 
pregnant ; produflive. Drydetu 

PROLI'FICALLY. a. [horn prolifik.] Fruit- 
fully ; pregnantly. 
PROLl'X. a. [prolixui, Latin.] 

1. Long; tedious J not concik, i^'gh* 

2. Of long duration. Aylt^tm 
PROLI'XIOUS. a. [frcm/)ro/;x.] Dilatory 5 

tedious. Shakefpeart^ 

PROLI'XITY. /. f^ro/zV/e, French] Te- 

dioufnels j tirefome length j want of br«* 

vity. Boy': 

PROI.I'XLY. ji. [from^r*//x.] At great 

length ; tedioufly. DryAfn, 

PROLI XNESS. /. [from />«//>.] Tediouf- 

PROLOCU'TOR. f. [Latin.] The foreman} 

the fpsaker of a convocation/ S-uife^ 

PROLOCU'TORSHIP. /. [ from pr«/««- 
dr.j The office cr dignity sf p:olotutor. 



fROXOGUE. /. [v^ixoy^-l 
■ 1. Pjeface; introduftion to any difcourfe 

or performance. Milton. 

a. Something fpoken before the entrance 

of the aflors of a play. Sbakejpeare. 

To PROXOGUE. V. a. [from the noun.] 

To introduce with a formal preface. 

Shake fpeare. 
To PROLO'NG. V. a. [prohnguer, French.] 

1, To lengthen out j to continue } to draw 
out. Milton. 

2, To put off to a diftant time, Shakefp. 
FROLONGATION. /. [prolongation, Fr. 

fi ©m prolong,'] 

J, The aft of lengthening. Bacon^ 

2. Delay to a longer time. Bacon, 

PROLUSION. /. [prolujioy Litin.] Enter- 
tainments J performance of dive»fion. 

PRO'MINENT. a. [prominent^ Lat.J Stand- 
ing out beyond the near parts j protube- 
rant ; extant. Broivn, 
PRQ/MINENCE. 7 /. [prominentia, Lat.] 
PRO'MINENCY. J Protuberance ; ex- 
tant parr. Addifon, 
|»ROM1'SCUOUS. a. [promijcuus, Latin.] 
Mingled j confufed ; undiftinguiflied. 


l&ROMI'SCUOUSLY. ad. [ircm promifcw 

«»r.) With confufed inixture j indifcrimi- 

nately. Sandys, 

PHO'MISE. /. [promijfum, Litin.] 

J. Declaration of fome benefit t(J be con- 
fered. Dryden. 

a. Performance of promife j grant of the 
thing promifcd. -43i. 

3. Hopes ; expe£lation, Sbakejpeare. 

To PRO'MISE. V. a. [promt tto, Lat.J To 
make de«laration of fome benefit to be con- 
fered. Temple. 

To PRO'MISE. V. n. 

I. To affure one by a protnife. Dryden, 
a, It is ufed of alTurance, even of ill, 


PRO'MISEBREACH. /. [breach and pro. 

mije,'] Violation of promife. Sbakejpeare, 

PRO'MISEBREAKER. /. [ pron-.'ije and 

break,] Violator of promifes. Shakejp, 

PRO'MISER. /. [ixovapromije.l One who 

promifes. Ben. Jobnjon, 

PRO'MISSORy. a. Containing profeflion 

of fome benefit to be confered. Arbuthnot, 

PRO'MISSORILY. ad. [itam promiJ[fory.] 

By way of promife. Broivn, 

PRO'MONT. ? /• [ promontotium, 

PRO'MONTORY. 5 Latin.] A headland j 

a cape j high land jutting into the fea. 


To PROMOTE. V. a. [prcmotui, Lat.] 

X. To forward ; to advance. Milton. 

2, [ Protrou-voiry Fr. ] To elevate ; to 

exalt ; to prefer. Milton. 

PROMO'TER. /, [p'-omotevr, Fr,] 


X. Advancer 3 forwarder j encourager* 

2. Infornoer ; makefcate. Ti{fer, 

PROMO'TION. /. [promotion, Fr.'\ Ad- 
vancement J encouragement j exaltation 
to fome new honour or rank j ptefermenf. 
To PRO'MOVE. V. a. [promo-veo, Latin.] 
To forward j to advance j to promote. 

PROMPT, a. [prompt, Fr.J 
x< Quick j ready; acute j eafy. 


2. Quick J petulant. Dryden, 

3. Ready without hefitation j wanting no 
new motive, Dryden, 

4. Ready j told down : as, prompt pay- 

To PROMPT. V. a. [prontare, Italian.] 
I. To .ifljil by private inftrudlion ; to help 
at a lofs. AJcbam, Stillingjleet, 

a. To incite j to inftigate. Sbakejpeare. 
3. To remind. Brown. 

PRO'MPTER. /. [from prcmpt.l 

1, One who helps a pubiick fpeaker, by 
fuggcfting the ward to him when he fal- 
ters. Sbakejpeare, 

2. An admoniiher ; a reminder, 


PROMPTITUDE. /. [ pron-ptitude, Fr. ] 
Readinefs j quicknefs. 

PRO'MPTLY. ad. [from pron-ft.'] Rea- 
dily ; quickly ; expeditioully. Taylor, 

PRO'MPTNESS. /. [trom^rcwff.jReadi- 
nefs J quicknefs J alacrity. South, 

PRO'MPTURE. /. [hem prompt.] Sug- 
geftion ; motion given by another, 


PRO'MPTURY. /. { prompt uar turn, Latin.] 
A ftorehoufe ; a repofitoiy ; a magazine. 

To PROMUXGATE. v. a. [p'omulgo, Lut.] 
To publi/h ) to make known by open de- 
cliratioo. Locke, 

PROMULGA'TION. /. [promulgatio, Lat.] 
Publication ; open cxiiibition. South, 

PROMULGATOR. /. [from promulgate.-] 
PubliHier ; open teacher. Duay of Piety. 

To PROMU'LGE. -y. a. £ from promulgo, 
Lat.] To promulgate j to publilh ; to 
teach openly. 

PROMU'LGER. /. [from promulge.] Pub- 
lifher j promulgator. Atterbwy, 

PRONA TOR. /. A mufcle of the radius, 

PRONE, a. [pronus, Lat.] 

J. Bending downward } not ereft. Milton, 
a. Lying with the face downwards : con- 
tiary to lupine. Broun, 

3. Precipitous j headlong j going down- 
wards, MiUon, 

4. Declivous J Hoping. Blackmore. 

5. Inclined; pripeniej difpofed. South, 
PKO'NENESS. /. [f:om//o«f.l 

J, Tha 


1. The ftate of bending duwnwards ; not 
credljiers, B'Oivn. 

z. The ftate of lying with the fdcc down- 
wards ; not rupinentfb. 

3. Defccnt ; declivity. 

4. Inclination j propenfion j difpofition to 
ill. Ho kr. 

PRONG./. [^ror-/^f«, Dutch, tofqiirczej 

A fork. 6ardys. Hudi!»a^. 

■PRONITY. /. [Uom pf one.] Prunenefs. 

PRONOUN. /. [prg^.onir, Lit.] W rds 
ufed jnftead vi Nouns or Ctcrif. 

To PRONOU NCE. 1/. a. [ fronenar, Fr. 
fronuncio, Lit. J 

1. To Ipeak j to utter. J.r^miah, 

a. To utter folemnly j to utter coifident- 
\'<i, Hiokrjpeare, 

3. To form or articulate by the organs of 
Ipecch. ■ tioldtr. 

4. To utter rhetorically. 

To PRONOU'NCE. -v. w. To fpeak with 

confidence or authmity. Sourh. 

PRONOU'NCER./. [fr^m pranounce.] One 

who pronounce:. A^'ifff' 

PRONUNCIA'TION./. {proru7icijtio,L7iu] 

The d£t or mode of utterance. Holder, 

PROOF. /. [from provj.] 

I. Evidence J teilimony j convincing token. 


z. Teft J trial ; experinnent. Milion, 

3. Firm temper j impenetrability. 

Dry den, 

4. Armour hardened till it will abide a 
certain trial. SoaLfpeare. 

5. In printing, the rough diaught of a 
fheet when firft pujled, 

PROOF, a. 

Impenetrable ; able to .refift. Collirr. 

PROOFLESS, a. [from frso/. j Unproved} 

wanting evidence. Boy!e. 

To PROP. f. a. [proppen, Dutch.] 

I, To fupport by fomething placed under 

or againft. M'l'on. 

Z. To fupport by /landing uader or againft 

3. To fuftain ; to fupport. Pope. 

PROP. /. [pr'ppc, Dutch ] A fupport j a 

flay J that on which any thing rell^. 

PRO'PAGABLE. a. [ from propagate ] 

Such as may be fp' cad. 

To PRO'PAGATE. v a. [prpago, Lat. ] 
I. To continue or fpicad uy gcncranon or 
fuccflive piodu^ion. Oiway, 

Z. T>"> extentl J (o widen. Shah pear e. 

3. To c<irry on from plact to p. ace j to 
promote. Ne-tuton, 

4. To encre^fc j to promote. Sbak.fpe.ire. 

5. To gener^'te. 

To PRO PAGATE. v, ». To have < ff- 
fpring. * MtUon. 


PROPAGATION. / {prcpagsth, Litin.J 
Continuance or diifufion by generation of 
fuccefiive produftion. fVrjemart, 

PROPAGATOR. /. [from prop 1^0 te.] 

1. Oi)c \\ho continues by lucccllive pro* 

2. A fpreader ; a promoter. Addifon, 
To PKOPE'L. -V. a. [propeLt, Latm.] To 

driver rw-rd. Harney, 

To PROPC'ND. V. n. {properjfo Ut.] To 
inchne to noy part j to be difpofed in fa- 
vour (f any th ng. ^hulefi^eare, 

PROPE'NDENCY. /. [from proper.d.] 
I. Inclination or tendency of dcfire to any 

a. -From propertdof Lat. to weigh.] Pre- 
confiderrati-o j attentive deliberation j per- 
pendency. ha.'e^ 

PROPE'NSE. a. [p'cpfr.fjs^ Lit.] Inclin- 
ed ; difp fed. Milion. 

PRO.'E'NSION. 7 /. [;ro/.:n/o, Lat. from 

FROPEN>ITy. 5 y.-';.f/7y..j 

1. Inclinuionj oifpoUtion to any thing 
good or bad. B'^gers, 

2. Tedency. Digby^ 
PRO'PER. tf. [p^opriut,Lzun.'\ 

1. Prcuiiar J Kot belonging to more ; not 
common. Davies^ 
a. Noting an individual. f-yacti, 

3. O e's own. Sh'ik' 

4. Natural J original. Milton, 

5. Fit J accommodated j adaptedj fuitabie ; 
quvlihsd. Drydefit 

6. E>;<.c^j accurate 5 juft. 

7. N>r figurative. ■ Bur.-7et» 

8. It fcemi in Shukefiejrt to fignify, mere j 
c u re . 

9. [Pnpre, Fr.] Elegant ; pretty. Hebr, 
JO. Tail 5 iulty ; handlome with bulk, 

S bah f pears, 
PROTERLY. ad. [Uomffp-r.] 
i. Fitly ; r)itably. 

2. In n i\nCt fenfe. MiltOtta 
PRO'PERNli SS. /. [frorij prcptr.'[ 

1. The qu.-.lity of being proper. 

2. Tallnrf?. 
PROPERTY./. [frnm^ro^fr.J 

1. Peculiar quality. Hooker^ 

2. Quality; d;fpoIition, Sourb, 

3. R'ghtof p Locke, 

4. Polfefljon held in one'3 own ri^ht. 

Dry den, 

5 The thing p^fTeired. Sbakilpeare, 

6 Nearnefs or ri^ht. Sbakijpeare, 
7, Something ul'eful j an appe/jd?ge, 

To PROPE'RFY. v. a. [from the n un.] 

1. To i.iveft with qiia'itie.. Sba't' 'p^are, 

2. T<i feizc or retain as fomething owned { 
to aporopriate ; to hold. ShakefpfarCf 

PROPHA'SIS. / [7rfa<f>ta-i?.] In medicine, 

a forelcn wledge of difeafe?. 

PPvOPHE'cY. /. [7r,'>«{»n1c;a.J A declaration 

5 D CI 


of fumething to come ; prcdi£licn. 


PRO'PHESIER. /. [from profkefy.\ One 
who prophefies: 

To TRO PHES\^. i\ a. 

1. Topredid} to foretell 5 to pregnofli- 
cate. Shake' f<' art, 

z. To forellhow. Sbahejfeare. 

To PRO'PHESY. -v. ft, 

1. To utter preiiftions. Shakefp'are. 

z. To preach. A fcriptural fenfe. 

PRO PHET. /. [7rgct>5'T»5?.] 

1. O e who tells tu lure events 5 a pre- 
dider J a foreteller. Dryden, 

2. O e of the facred writers empowered 
by God to foretel luturity. Sbakejpeare. 

PROPHETESS, y. [^ropheteffe^ Fr. from 
prcphtt.'l A woman that foretells future 

events. Peacham. 

PROPHE'TICK. 7 a. \prophet>que, Fr.] 
PROPHETICAL. ,5 Forefeeing or fore- 
telling future even's. Stillingjieet. 
PROPHE'TICALLY. ad. {{rom prophai- 
cal.^ With knowledge of futurity; in 

mannfr of a prophecy. Hammond. 

To PRO'PHETIZE. 1/. w. To give pre- 

dldtions. Darie'. 

PROPriYLA'CTICK. a. [7r^o<pvXaKli-^k.] 

P.evennve; prefeivative. Watts. 

PROPI'NQUITY. /. fpr.'pirquiras, Latin.] 

I. Nearnefs ; proximity j ueighbourhood. 


a, Nearnefs of time. Broion. 

3. Kindred j nearnefs of blood. 

PROPI'TIABLE. a. [ from propitiate. ] 

Such as may be induced to favour j fuch 

as may bs made propitiou?. 
To PROPl'TIAl E. V. a. [prcpiiioy Lat.J 

To induce to favour ; to gain ; to conci- 
liate ; Co make propitious. Stilling fleet. 
PROPITIA'TION. /. fprcpitiation,¥i,] 

J, The h€i of making propitious. 

z. The atonement ; theoflcting by which 

propitioufnefs is cbtaired, I Job. 

PROPITIA'TOR. /. [homp'^cfitiate.] One 

that propitiates. 
PROPl'TIATORY. a. [propiciatotrey Fr.] 

Having the power to make propitious. 

ti til ling jl-et. 
PROPI'TIOUS. a. [ptopitiusy Lat. j Fovour- 

ao!e; kind. Jddijon, 

PKOPl'TIOUSLY. ad. [ from propitiout. ] 

Favourably ; kindly. Rofcommon. 

PROPI'TIOUSNESS. /. [i:ora propitious.^ 

Favourablenefs ; kindnefs. Tanple. 

PROPLA SM. /. [7rjoand7rXaV|C/.rt.] Mould ; 

matrix. . P^oodtvard. 

PROPLA'STICE. /. f7re07rXar'J<fl.] Th« 

art of making moulds fcr calling. 
PROPO'NENT. /. [from proponem, Latin.] 

One that makes a propofai. Dryden, 


PROPO'RTION. /. [ Fr. prrpmio, Lat. ] 

1. Comparative relation of one thing to 
another 5 ratio. . Raleigh. Taylor, 

2. Settled relation of comparative quan- 
tity 5 equal degree. ^ddifon, 

3. Harmon'ck degree. M-dton, 

4. Symmetry j adaptation of one to ano- 

5. Form 



1, To adjull by comparative relation. 


2. To form fymmetrically. Sidney, 
PROPO'RTiONABLE. a. [^tom proporti. 

Off.] Adjulled by comparative relation j 
fuch as is fir. Tillotjon, 

PROPO'RTIONABLY. ad. [from propor. 
tior.'j According to proportion j accord- 
ing to comparative relations. Rogers, 

PROPORTIONAL, a. [fropo^tionel, Fr.] 
Having a fettled comparative relation ; 
having a certain degree of any quality com- 
pared with fomething elfe. 

Cocker, Nfivton, 

PROPORTIONALITY. /. [hom prrpor- 
tionjl.^ The quality of beirg proportio- 
nal. . Greiv, 

PROPO'RTION ALLY. ad. [ixom proportr-. 
onal.'\ In a ftated degree, Neivton, 

PROPORTIONATE, a. [ixoxr^ proportion.] 
Adjufted to fomething elfe, according to 
a certain rate or comparative relation. 


To PROPO'RTION ATE. nj. a. [from pr-o. 
portion.'^ To adju!>, according to fettled 
rates, to fomething elfe. Bentley, 

PROPO'RTIONATE.^ESS. /, [from pro^ 
porticrj'jte.'\ The ftate of being by com- 
parifon adjufted. Hale, 

PROPO'SAL. /. [from propofe.} 

1. Scheme or defign propounded to conii- 
deration or acceptance. Addijort, 

2. Offer to the naind. South, 
To PROPO'SE. V. a, [propofsr, Fr.] To 

offer to the confideration. Watti, 

To PROPO'SE. V. n. To lay fchemes. 

PROPO'SER. /. [Uon\ propofe,'] One that 

offers any ihing to confideration. Swift. 
PROFOSI'TION. /. [prcpofltiojiy Fr. p>9- 

pofltio, Lat.] 

1. A fentence in which any thing is af- 
firmed or decreed. Hammond, 

2. Propofai ; offer of terms. Clarendon, 
PROPOSI'TIONAL. a, [from propo/ttion.] 

Confidered as a propofition. fVatts, 

To PROPOUND, v. a. [propono, Lat.] 

1, To offer to confideration j to propofe, 


2, To offer ; to exhibit, Shakefpeare, 



PROPOU'NDER.. /. [frcm pr-p^und.] Hc 

that prop. U'ds ; he that dft'eis. 
PRO:*Rl'£TARY./. [prrpriaaire. Fr. from 

popriety,] Poffrflur in his own right. 

Goveirment of the Forgue. 
PROPRI'ETARY. a. Belonging to a tcr- 

tain owner, Cniu. 

PROPRI'ETOR. /. [from propriuj, L.un.] 

A p iir ll'jr in his own right. R gers, 

PROP:U'ETRE=;S. /. [ from p-cprutor. J 

A female pufltlTjr in her own ri^ht. 

PROPRI'ETY. /. [prop'ietai, Lat.] 

1. Peculiiri y of polleflion 3 exclufive 
right. Suckling. 

2. Accuracy ; j'lftnefs. Locke. 
PROPT, for'p'opp-J. [from prop.'l Surtam- 

ed by fome jTop. Pope. 

To PROPU'CN. -v. a. [pcpugno, Latin.] 
, To defend ; to vindicate. Hammond. 

PROPUGNA'TION.. f. [propugnatio, from 
prcpugno, Lat.J Defence. Shake p^are. 

PROPU'GNER. /. 'from /)ro,^K^r7.] ' A de- 
fender. Government of tbe Tovgue. 

PROPU'LSION. /. [propu'fus^ Lat.] The 
s^ of ariving forward. Bacon, 

PRORE. /. [prora, Latin.] The prow j 
the forepart of the /hip. Pops. 

PROROGATION. /. [prorogatio,hi\m.] 
1. Continuance j Itate of lengthening out 
to a diftant time j prolongation. South. 
a. Interruption ot the fcffion of parliament 
by the. reg 1 authority. Siuift. 

To PRORO'GUE. 1;. a. [prorogo, Lat.] 
J. To protracl ; to prolong. Dryder, 

n. Toputoft'j to delay. Sbahjpiare. 

3. To interrupt the felTion of parliament 
to a diflant time. Bacon, 

PRORUPTJON. /. [prorup'u,, Lat.] The 
aft of burfting our. Broivn, 

PROSA'ICK. a. [profarjue, Tr]] Belonging 
toptofej refembling profe." 

To PROSCRI'BE. v. a. [jbrofcriio, Latin.] 
I. To cenfurc capicall^..-^ to djom to de- 
flru£tion. Rojcommon, 

1. To inrerdift. Not in ufe. Dryden. 
PRO-ICRI'BER. /. [fom pr.fcribe.] One 

that dooms to dertrudim. Dryden. 

PROSCRIPTION. /. [profcriptio, L»tm.] 
Doom to death cr confifcaiion. 

Ben. yobrfon. 

PROSE. /. [frofj, Lat.] Language not re- 
flrained to hdrmonick founds or fct number 
offyllsbles. Sii'l/t. 

To PRO'SECUTE. v. a. [proffcutus, Lat.] 
J. To perfuc J to continue endeavours af- 
ter any thing. Milton. 

2. To continue j to carry on, llayzvurd. 

3. To proceed in confideration or difquifi- 
tion of any thing, Jlcukrr. 
4.. To perfue by law ; to fue criminally. 

PROSECUTION. /. [from frofnut,'.] 
}., Pwfuit J endeavour to cairy en. Siutk, 


2. Suit aeainft a man^ in a crim-ml caufe, 

PRO'SECUTOR. /. Itromp'o^ecute.] Q.ic 
that carries on any thmg j a pcifuer of 
any purpofe j one who pcrfucs another by 
law in a criminal caufe. 

PROSELYTE. /. [nioa^Xvit^.] A con- 
vert J one brought over to a new opinion, 
C ea-ve/ur:J, 

To PRO'SELYTE. v. a. To convert. 

Ccnjernment of tbe ^Jong:,e, 

PROSEMINATION./. [pro/em, natui, La-.] 
Propapation by fctd. iJa e, 

PRO O'DIAN. /. [from profody.] 0:.e 
flcilled in metre or pr. fudy. B'Oivn. 

PROSODY. /. [^^^a.] The .part cf 
grammar which teach s the fiund and 
quantity of fyhable;, and the measures of 
vi-r e, 

PRO-OrOPOE'IA./ [7r,OT:^7ron:da ] Per- 
fonificat o . j figuie by which things are 
m3de pf-rf .ns. Dryden. 

PROSPECT./. [proJfeSui.'L^ul 

1. View of lomcthing dilbnt. Milton, 

2. Pidce which ati'oids an extended view. 


3. Series of objefts open to the eve. 

Add! for. 

4. Objeft of view. Prior. 

5. View into futurity j oppofed to letro- 
Ipea. Smub, 

6. Regard to fomething future. Tillotjon. 
To PROSPE'CT. 'v.a. [pro/peS? us, Utin.] 

To look forward. Die'/, 

PRO'^PE'CTIVE. a. [frow pro/pea.] 

1. Viewing ?.t a diftancc. 

2. Aa^ng with fortfight. Child. 
To PRO'SPER. v. a. {pre/pro, L.tin.] To 

mjke happy j to favour. Dryden. 

To'PROSPER. -v. r. [projperer, Fr.] 

1. To be profperous j to be fuccefstul. 


2. To thrive J to come forward, Cowley , 
PROSPE'RITY. /. \profperitas,Ut.] Sue 

ccIs j attdinmtnt cf wuhes j good fortune. 

PPvO'SPEROUS. a. [pro/per us, L-it.] Sue- 
ceisful ; (o tunate, Milton. 

PRO'S FEROL'SLY. ad. [from projpjrous.] 
Succefsfuliy j fortunate]). Bacon. 

PRO'SPEROUSNESS./. [from pro(pefom.'\ 

PROSPI'CIENCE. /. [from pro/pi cio, Lat.] 
The aft of K oking forward. 

PROSTERNATION. /. [from profemo, 
Lit.] Dfjeftjon j depreflion j (late of 
being caf} down. fVieman. 

PRO'STETHIS. f, [TT^otrr.y.t;.'] In forge- 
ry, that which fills up what is wantirg. 


To PRO'STITUTE. 1'. a. [prc/lituo, Lat. j 

I. To fell to wickcdnefs J 10 expofe to 

crimes for a reward. yJddifcn, 

a. To expofe uson vile terms, liiotfon. 

5 D a FRO'. 


PRO'STITUTE. a. [proJUfutus, LaMn,] 

Vicious for hire ; fold to infamy or wic- 
kednefs. ■?'■'<"•. 

PKO'STITUTE. /. [from the verb.] 

I. A hireling j a mercenary j one who is 
fet t ) lale. Dryde^. 

z. A piiblick iUumpet. . Drydcn. 

PROSTITUTION. /. [foptution, French, 
from pruflitutf.] 

1. The aft of fe(ting to fale 5 the flate of 
being fet to fale. 

2. Ths life of a pubhck ftrumpet. Addlfon. 
PROSTRATE, a. [prcfiratus, Latin.] 

I. Lying at lenyith. Fairfax. 

1. Lying at mercy. Shakespeare. 

-3. Thrown down in humbleft adoration. 

' ^ H'.okcr. 

•iroPRO'STRATE v. a. \proflratus, Lat.] 

1. To lay fldt J to throw down. ILyicarJ. 

2. To tKrow down m adoration Dhppa. 
PROSTRATION. /. [from projiraie.\ 

1. The atl of failing down in adoration. 


2. Dfjeftion ; deprcffion. Arbuthr.ot. 
PROSTY'LE. f, [TTjoc-yX®-.] A building 

that has only pillars in the front. 

PROSY'LLOGISM. /, (fro and fyl/ogijm.] 
A projyllag fm is when two or more fyllo- 
gifms are conne^ed together. TFatts. 

PROTA'SIS. /. [TT^oTaa-if.] 

1. A maxim or propofition. 

~ a. In the ancient drama, the firft part of 

• comedy or tragedy that expiaios the ar- 
gument of the piece. I^'^' 

PROTA'TICK. a. [TTjoTttTixo?] Protattck 
perfons in pi 7s give th? relation. 

To PROTE'CT. -v. a, [frouBus, Latin.] 

To defend ; to cc^ver from evil ; to fhield. 


PROTECTION. /. [proteaion, French.] 
J. Defence; (belter from evil. Sivi/t, 

2. A pifTport J exemption fiofu being mo- 

PROTE'CTIVE. <». [fromproteaj Defen- 
five ; Ihelte ing. "Thomfon. 

PROTE'CTOR. f. [p-oieBeur, French.] 
T. Defender: fheltererj fupporter, 

* fTalUr. 
a. An ofJicer who had heretofore the care 
of the kingdom in the king's minority. 

PROTE'CTRESS. /. {prottarxce, French.] 

A woman that protefts. 
To PROTE'ND. -v. a. [protendo, Latin,] 

To hold cut ; toftretch forth, Dryden. 
pROTE'RVITY /• [protervitas, Latin.] 

Peevilhncfb} petulance. 
-To PROTE'ST. -o. n, [protefior^ Latin.] To 

give a foleipn declaration of opinion or re- 

folution. Denbam, 

To PROTE'ST. v. a. 

I. To prove ; ^o fhow | to give evidence 
5f, ^ §bakejpe(frc. 


4. To call as a witnefs. MiltofU 

PROTE'ST. /. [from the verb.] A folema 
declaration of ooinion ag3inft fjmething. 

PROTESTANT, a. [horn proteji.] Bi- 
longing to proteftants. / Addtfon. 

PROTESTANT. /. [proujiant, French.] 
OiiC of th Je who adhere -to them, who, 
at the beginning of the reformation, pro- 
teftpd agaiitft the church of Rome./f. Char. 

PROTESTATION. /. \protefiat,ot, Fi.] 
A folemn declaration of refoiution, fa^ or 
opinion. Hocker, 

PROTE'STER. /. One who protefls ; one 
who utters a f'.lcmn declaration, Aiterb. 

PROTHO'NOTARY. /. {p>otonotarim. 
Lit n. ! The he.-id legifter. Brereiuood, 

PROTHONOTARISHIP. /. [from /)ro/>6o- 
n:t.;ry.] The office i-^r dignity of the prin- 
cipal rcimfter Careiv, 

PROTOCOL. /. [fronn. tt^wt*^ and xoXXr'.] 
Thf or'ginai copy of any writing, Ayliffe. 

PRO rOMA'RTYR. /. [7rgo?T(^ and ^a^- 
Iz;^, ) The firft martyr. A term applied 
to St. Stephm. 

PROTOPLAST./. !>gai'T©-and wXarof.] 
Or'g:n?l ; thine firft f rmed. Harvey, 

PROTOTYPE./. [Tr.coTOTvnov.] The o- 
riginal of a copy J exemplar j archetype, 
fVotton. StiUingfleet, 

To PROTRA'CT. v. a. [proir^aus. Latin.] 
To draw out ; to delay j to lengthen j to 
fpin to length. KnolUs. 

PROTRA'CT. / [from the verb,] Tedi- 
0U.1 conunuance. Spender, 

PRO TRA'CTER. /. [from^ra^r^a] 

1. One who draws out any thing to tedi- 
ous length. 

2. A mathematical inftrument for taking 
and meafuring angles. 

PROTRA'CTION./. [from />rc/r .<??.] The 
aft of drawing to length. Daniel. 

PROTRA'CTIVE. a. [from /.ro.'r^,??.] Di- 
latory J delaying j fpinning to length. 

* Shakefpeore. 

PROTRETTICAL. a. [TrjJIgJTrljKo;.] Hor- 
tatory ; Aisf'Tv, IVard. 

To PROTRU'DE. -z/. a. [prctrudo, Latin ] 
To thru IT f' rward. l^'oodtvard. 

To PROTRU'DE. v. n. To thruft itfelf 
forward. Bacon, 

PROTRU'SION, / \protruJus, Latin.] The 
aft of thiufting forward J thruft j pu/h. 


PROTU'BERANCE. /. [protubero, Latin.] 
Something fweli ng above the reft j pro- 
minence; tumour. Hale, 

PRO TUBEP>.ANT. a. [hotn frotuberate.] 
Swelling prominent, Ray, 

To PROTU'BERATE. v. n. [pntubero, 
Latin.] 1 o Iwell forward 3 to fweli out 
bey.'nd ihe parts adjbcenr. Sharp. 

PKQUD, a, [pjiu'^e, Saxon,] 


p p. o 

I. Too much plesfed with hlmMf. J'^'afts. 

z. Elated j valuing himfclf. 


3. Arrogant j haughty ; impatient. Miit. 

4 Daring j prclumptuous. / Drayton. 

5. Lofty cf mijn J grand of perfon. MUf. 

6. Grand J Jofty j Jpiendid j magnificent. 

7. Odentatious ; fpeciou? ; grand. Sbakef. 

8. Salacious; eager for the male. B'oivn. 

9. Fungous ; exuberant. Arbuthnot. 
PROU'DLY. ad. .from fraud.] Arrogant- 
ly ; oller.talioufly j in a proud manner. 

Dryden. /iddifon. 
To PROVx. V. a. [probo, Latin j prouvtr, 
Fiench. j 

1. To evince J to fliow by argiment or 
teflimony. A.terkury, 

2. To try ; to bring to the teil. Mtlton. 

3. To experience,, 
To PROVE. V. r,. 

1. To make trial. Bacon. 

2. To be found by tx'^tncnct- Shake; pi are. 

3. T)fuc(;eed. Bacon. 

4. To be found in the event. Wjllir. 
PP.O'VEABLE. a. [from/rcw.] That may 

be proved. 
PROVE'DITOR. 7 /. \ pr creditor e, Italian.] 
PROVE'DORE. 5 One who undertakes to 

procure* fiipplies for an army. 
PROVENDER. /. {i>ro'vende, French.] Dry 

focd for orutes ; hay and corn. Sbakefp, 
PROVERB. /. [prov£rbiuT:i, Latin.] 

1. A /hort fentence frequently repeated by 
the people j a faw ; an adage. Addifjn. 

2. A word, n'msorobfeivation commonly 
received or uttered. Tob. \ii. 

To PROVERB, -v. a. 

1. To mention in a proverb. Mlhon. 

2- To pr'.'vide with a proverb. Shake fp, 

PROVE'RBIAL. a. [proverbial, French"] 

1. Mentioned in a proverb. Temple. 

2. Refembiing a proverb j fuitable to a 
proverb. Broivr, 

3. Comprifed in a proverb. Pope. 
PROVE'REIALLY. ad. [ham proverbial.] 

In a proverb. Broivr, 

To PROVl'DE. v. a. f provides, Latin.] 

1. To procure beforehand J to get ready; 
to prepare. Milton. 

2. To furnifli ; to fupply. Bacon, 

3. To ftipulate. 

4. Ta Provide againji. To take mea- 
fures for ccunterattmg or cfcaping any ill. 

5. To Provide for. To take care of 
beforehand. Sbakejpeare. 

PROVIDED /i)jf. Upon thefe term?^ ; this 
flipnlation being made. UEjirange. 

PROVIDENCE./, [prcv-dcnti'a, Latin.] 

1. Foresight; timely care j forecali ; the 
aO of^providing. Sidney. 

2. The care of God over created beings j 
(divine fuperintendence, Kakitrb^ 


3. Prudence; frugality; reafonable and 
moderate care of cxprnce. Dryden, 

PRO'VIDENT. a. [provdens, Latin.] Forc- 
c^fting ; cautious j prudent with refpcft to 
friuiry. IVaU^. 

PROVIDZ'XTIAL. a. [from p-cvuence.^ 
EtIV(ftcd by providence ; refernble co pro- 
videnc. fVoodiva d, 

PROVIDENTIALLY, ad. [from provi- 
dentiaL] Bv th- care of providence. Addif. 

PROVIDENTLY, ad. [from p^cvdert.] 
With forefight ; with wife precaution, 


PROVIDER /. [from provide] He who 
pr-'viops nr pr.. cures. SbakJpeare, 

PROVINCE./, [p^'vivcia, Latm.j 

1, A cofiq>jeicd countiyj a country go. 
verned by a dclrgate. Ttnp'e, 

2, The proper office or bufinefs of any one. 


3, A repion ; a tra£t. WaUi» 
PROVINCIAL, a. [prcvinciaU French*.] 

1. Relating to a province. Skak'Jpeare, 

2. Appendant to the provincial country. 


3. Net of the mother country ; rude; un- 
polifiied. Dryden, 

4. Belonging only to an archbilhop's jurif- 
di£lir>n ; n ^t cecumenical. Ayliffe. 

PROVINCIAL /. [provincial, French, from 
prcv'-nce] A fpiritual governour. Still, 

To PROVI'NCIATE. v. a. [from/.roi;rW.] 
To turn to a province. Hoivel. 

To PROVj'NE. V. n. [provigner, French.] 
To lay a ftuck or branch of a vine in the 
g'ound to take root for more increafe, 

PROVI'SION. /. [pro-v-Jion, French ; pro, 
t'i/io, Latin.] 

1. The aft cf providing beforehand. Sid, 

2. Meafures taken beforehand. Tillotfon, 

3. Accumtrlatioa of Itores beforehand; 
Itock collecled. Krol/es. 

4. Vi£luals ; food ; provender. C'arendon, 

5. Stipulation ; terms fettled. Doviei, 
PROVI'.'ilONAL. a. [provijionel, French, pr.vifion.] Temporarily eftabliHied; 

provided for prefentneed. A^liffe, 

PROVI'SIONALLY. ad. [from p-ovfion. 

al. j By way of provifion. Locke, 

BROVrSO. J. Stipulation; caution; provi- 

fional rondirlon. Sperfer 

PROVO'CAl ION. /. [p-rv^catio, Latin.] 

1. An a£l or cawfe by which anger is raif. 
ed. Smith, 

2, An appeal to a judge. -^y^'ffe, 
PROVO'CATIVE, /. [from provoke.] Any 

tiling revives a decayed or cloyrd 

appetite. Addijcn, 

PROVOCATIVENESS. /. [from provo>. 

cative.] The quality of being provocative. 
To PROVOKE, v.a. [provocoyh^u] 

1. To roufc j to excite by fomerhing. Dry. 

2. :o 

P R U 

a. To anger ; to enrage ; to offencl ; to 
inccnfe, Clai endun, 

3. To caufe J to promote- Arbuthvat. 

4. To challenge. Dryden, 

5. To induce by motive j to move j to in - 
Cite. Burnet. 


J. Tv>apj:eal. A Latinifm. D^yden, 

1. To produce anger. Taylor. 

FROVO'KER. /. [homp'-ovoke,] 

I. One that raifes anger. Gov of the Ton, 
T. Cavvfer; promoter. iibak-^fp-'are. 

PROVO KINGLY, ad. [from f-nvAing.] 
In fuch a jnanner as to raife anger. 

Decay of Piety, 

PRO'VOST. /. [pjiapart, Sixon.] 

I. The chief of auy body: as, tbe provoft 

afa coihge. 

z. The executioner of an army, llayivard, 

PRO'VOSTSHIP. /. [from fr^'voji.\ The 
office of a provoll. Haktivil'. 

PROW. / [prcue^ French ; proa, Spani(h, 
froray Latin.] The head or forepart of a 
£hip. Feacham, 

PROW. a. Valiant. 5;>f«/<;r. 

PRO'WESS. /. [Aroitf«2a, Italian.] Brave- 
ry j valour; military galiantrv, Sidney. 

PRO'WEST. a. Braveft ; moft valiant..V^i«. 

To PROWL. V. a. To rove over. Sidney. 

To PROWL. V n. To wander for prey ; to 
prey ; to plunder. Tujfert 

PRO'WLER. /. [hom prcie!.'] O.e that 
roves about for prev. Tbomjor, 

PRO'XIMATE. a. [^r^x/wai, Latin.] Next 
in the feries of ratiocination ; near and im- 
mediate. Burret. 

PROXIMATELY, crd. [from proximate.] 
Immediately j wiihjut intervention. 


PRO'XIME. a. [prcx'.mus, Latin.] Next; 
immedi?te. IVatti. 

PROXl'MITY. /. [proximitasy Latin.] 
Nearncfs. Hayiaard. 

PRO'XY. / [By contradion from procu- 

1. The agency of another. 

2. The fjbftitution of anoiher ; the agen- 
cy of a fubflitute. South, 

3. The perfon fubftituted or deputed, 


PRUCE. /. PrufTian leather. Dryden._ 

PRUDE. /. {prude, French.] A woman over 
nice and fcrupiilous, and with falfe affeC' 
tation. Sivift. 

PRU'DENCE. /. {prudence^ French ; pru- 
dertia, Latin.] Wifdom applied to prac- 
tice. Hale, 

PRU'DENT. a, [prudent^ French ; prudetis, 
Latin 3 

1. Pra£lically wife. M'iton, 

2. Forefeeing by natural inftin£V. Milton, 
PRUDE'NTIAL. a. [iiow prudent,] Eligible 

nu principles of prudence, -lillofn. Roger t. 

P T I 

PRUDS'MTIALS. /. Maxims of prudence 

or praflical wifdom. Watts. 

PRUDENTIALITY. /. [irompruder.ttai] 

Eligibility on principles of prudence. Br, 
PRUDE'NTIALLY. ad. [from p^udentia'.] 

According to the rules of prudence. Soutb. 
FPU'DENTLY. ad. [(torn prudent.] DiU 

crectly; judicioufly. Bacon. 

PRU'DERY. /. [hum prude. "l Overmuch 

nicety in conduit. 
PRU'DISH. a. [from prude.] Affeaedly 

To PRUNE V a. 

1. To iop ; to diveft trees of their fuper- 
fluities, Davies, 

2. To clear from exrrercencies. Bucon. 
To PRUNE, v. n. To drefs ; to prink. A 

ludicrous word. D'yden, 

PRUNE. /. A dried plum. Bacon, 

PRU'NEL. /. An herb. 

1. A kind of fluff of which the clergy- 
mens gowns are made. Pop:, 

2. A kind of plum. 

PRU'NER. /. [itom prune] One that crops 

trees. Denham, 

PRUM'FEROUS. a. \prunum and fero^ 

Latin.] PJum-bearirg. 
PRUNINGHOOK.7 /. A hook or knife 
PRU'NINGKNIFE. 5 ufed in lopping trees. 

PRU'RIENCE. If. [from prurio, Latm.] 
PRU'RIENCY. 5 An itching or a great de- 

fre or appetite to any thing. Sivift. 

PRU'RIENT. a. [pruriens, Latin.] Itch- 

inp. Ainfivorth, 

PRURI'GINOUS. a. [prurio, Latin.] Tend- 

ing to an itch. 
To PRY. ru n. [of unknown derivation] 

To peep narrowly. Shakefpeare, 

PSALM. /. [v|.aX^«;.] A holy fong. Peach. 
PSA'LMIST. /. liiim pjalm.] Writer of 

holyfongs. Addijon, 

PSA'LMODY. /. [^ciKfxoo^'.ct ] The aft or 

praftice of fingire holy fongs. 
PSALMO'GRAHHY. /. [4«Xy.J; and y^I- 

<^cu.] The adlcf writing p!alms. 
PSA'LTER. /. ^f-«x^»,'f!oy.] The volume of 

pfil.-r.s; a pfalm-book, 
PSA'LTERY. /. A kind of harp beate.a 

with fiicks. Sandyt. 

PSEU'DO. /. [from ^^^^^^.^ A prefix, 

which, being put before words, fignifies 

falfe or counterfeit: as^ pjeud^pofile^ a 

counterfeit apoftle, 
PSEU'DOGRAPHY. f. Faife writing. 
PLEU'DOLOGY. /. \^-\iv^o\oyU.] Falfe- 

hood of fpeech. Arbuthnot, 

PSHAW, inter']. An expreflion of contempt. 


PTI'SAN. /. [Ttti^tran.] A medical drink 

made of barley dccodtcd with raifins and 

liquorice. Garth, 


P u c 

PTY'ALISM. /. [nlviUT^ot-] Salivation J 

cft'ufi. n of fpiitlf . 
PTYSMAGOGUE. /. [ni^Tfxa and ^yu ] 

A rri'-dicine which difchargcs fpittie. 
PUBERTY. /. [fuhertas, Latin.] The 

time of life in which the two fexes begin 

firlt to be acquunted. Bent ey. 

PUBE'SCENCE. /. [fjom pubefco, Latin.] 

The flate of arriving at puDerty. Broivn, 
FUBE'SCEN'T. a [fjubejur.s, Latin.] 

Arriving 2t puberty. Broiur, 

PUBLICAN./. [Uam pulUcus, Latin.] 

1. Atoll-gatherer. MjttL.lx. 

2. A noan that keeps a houf^i of general 

rUBLlCA'TlON. /. [from puilico L.itin.] 

1. The ad of pubJifhing ; the aft of no- 
tifying to the world j divulgation. [looLr, 

2. Edition J the aft of giving a book to the 
publick. Pope. 

PU'Bf-ICK, a. \j)ib'!que,Yr. puh:icus,Lait.] 
I. Belonging to a ftdte or nation j not pri- 
Vdte. Hooker. 

a. Open J notorious j generally known. 


3. General ; done by many. Milton. 

4. Regarding not private iatcrelT, but the 
good of the community. CLrendor. 

5. Open for general entertainment. Adciij, 
PL'BLICK. /. [from publtcui, Latin.] 

1. The general body of mankind, or of a 
{late or nation. Addifon. 

2. Open view J general notice. Locke^ 
PU'BLICKLY. ad. [ixom publkk.] 

1, In the name of the community* Addif. 

2, Openly 5 without concealment. Bacon. 
PU'BLICKNESS. /. [from publick.] 

J. State of belonging to the community. 

2. Opennefs ; ftate of being generally 
known or pubJick. 

PU'BLICKSPIRITED. a. [publ/ck znd fpi- 
r/V.] Having regard to the general advan- 
tage above private good, D'yd-.n. 

To PU'BLISH. V. a. [pubUcr, Yxcnzh.] 

1. Todifcovcr to mankind j to make ge- 
nerally and openly known. 

2. To put forth a botk into the world. 

PUBLISHER. /. [from publ:JIj.-\ 

1. One who makes publick or generally 
known. Atterbury. 

2. One who puts out a book into the 
world. Pririr. 

, PUCE'LAGE. f. [French.] A ftatc of vir- 

PUCK. /. [perhaps the fame with puf.] 
Some fpritc among the fairies, common in 
romances. Corbet. 

PU'CKBALL orpvclfijl. f. A kin J of mulh- 
room hill of duft. 

To PU'CKER. "v. a. To gather into corru- 
gations i to cont'td into folds or plicati- 
on?, ^ptSator, 

P U F 

PU'DDER. /. A tumult ; a turbulent tnl 
irregular buAle. Lccke, 

To PU'DDER. -v. V. [fr. m the noun,] T» 
m-ike a tumult j to make a bufilc. LicU- 

To PU'DDER. V. a. To perplex; to di- 
ftuih. Lockt, 

PU'DDING. /. \pud,rg^ Swcdifli.] 

1. A kind of food very vanouflv com- 
pounded, but gcficrally made of meal, 
milk, and eggs. Prior. 

2. The gut of an animal. Sbakefpeare, 

3. A bcwei ftufTed with certain mixtures 
vt meil and other ingredients. Prior^ 

PU'DDING 'IE. /. [pudding and pie.-\ A 
pudding wiih meat baked in it. hudiiras, 

PU'DDINGTIME. /. [pudding time.] 
I. The time of dinner j the time at whick 
pudding, anciently the firft di/h, is fet up- 
on the tabic. 
1. Nick of time j critical minute, Eudib, 

PUDDLE./, [hence /.jo/.] Afmallmuddy. 
lake ; a dirty pla/h. //j//. 

To PUDDLE, -v. a. [from the noun.] To 
muddy j to pollute with dirt j to mix dirt 
and water. Hidney. 

PU'DDLY. a. [f torn puddle.] Muddy; dir- 
ty ; miry. drew, 

PU'DDOCK or purrock. f. [for paddock or 
pirrock.'] A provincial word for a fmall in- 

PUDENCY./, [pudem, Latin.] Modefly j 
fhameficednefs. Shakespeare, 

PUDI'CITY. /. [pudic'.te, French, from/»- 
diciri], Latin.] Mdctty ; chaftity. 

PUEFE'LLOW. /. A partner. Sbakefpeare, 

PUERILE, a. [putrile, French j /iw^r/Y/j, 
La'in.] Childilh j boyifh. Pope, 

PUERl'LITY. /. [puerilitas, Latin.] Chil- 
dirtinefs; boyi/hnefs. Dryden, 

PU'ET. / A kind of water fowl. IFdltcn, 

PUFF /. [pof, Dutch.] 

1. A qjick bla:t with the mouth, Pbilipj, 

2. A fmall blaft of wind. RaUigb, 

3. A mu/hroom. 

4. Any thing light and porous : as, puff 

;;. Something to fprinkle powder on the 
ha'r. Ainf-MOrtb* 

To PUFF. v.n. [bcfen, Dutch.] 
I, To fwell the cheeks with wind. 

. z. To blow with a quick blaft. Sbake/p, 

3, To blew with fcornfulnefs. Soutb, 

4. To breathe thick and hard. VEJlrangr, 
^, To do or move with hurry, tumour, or 
tumultuous agitation, Herbert, 
6. To fwell with the wind. Boyle, 

To PUFF. V. a. 

1. To fwell as with wind, Ray, 

2. To diive or agitate with blafts of wind. 


3. To drive with a blaft of bieath fcorn- 
f.illy. Dryden, 

4. To fwell or blow up with praife. Bacon, 

5- To 

P U L 

5. To fwell or date with pride. Sbakefp, 
PU'FFER. /. \\xompuff.] One that pufts. 
•PU'FFIN. /. \puffir.o, Italian.] 

I. A water fowl 4 Can-zv. 

a. A kind of fi(h. 

•^. A kind of fungus filled with duft, 
PUFFINGAPPLE. / A fort of apple. 
PU'FFINGLY. ad. [how puff.rg.] 

1. Tnmidiy 5 with fweih 

2. With fhortnefs of breath. 
PU'PFY. a. [hompuf.] 

1. Windy; flatulent. ' Wifman. 

2. Tumid ; tureid. Dry den. 
PUG. /, [pij-*, Saxon.] A kind name of a 

monkey, or any thing tenderly loved. 


PU'GGERED. a. Crowded ; complicated. 

PUGH. interj. A word of contempt. 

PU'GIL. /. [pugille, French] What i^aken 
up between the thumb and two firit fin- 
gers. Bacon. 

PUGNA'CIOUS. a. [pvgnsx, Latin. J In- 
rl nable to fight ; quajtelfonne } fighting, 

PUGNA'CITY. / [Uom pugnjx, Latin.] 
Qisarrelfome'^eff J inclination to fight. 

PU'iSNE. a. (^«;i;j^, French.] 

1. Young; younger j later in time. Bacor, 

2. Petty; inconfiderable ; {m4\. Shakt'fp. 
PUrSSv^NCE. /. [puiffance, Fr.] Power; 

ftrength ; force. DeftruSiion of Troy ^ 

PUISSANT, a. \p^\IJ'ant^ French.] Power, 
ful ; (Irong; forcible. Raleigb. 

PUl'SSANTLY. ad. [frompuljfant.'] Power- 
fully; forcibly. 

PUKE. f. Vomit ; medic'ne caufing vomit. 

To PUKE, V, n. To fpew ; to vomit. 


PU'KER. /. [from/>K^?.] Medicine caufing 
a vomit. Garih, 

PULCHRITUDE. /. [pukhritudo, Larin.] 
Beauty ; grace ; handfomenefs. More, 

To PULE. v. n. [piauhr, Frtnch.] 

1. To cry like a chicken, Bjcort, 

1. To whine j to cry ; to whimper. Loch. 

PU'LICK. /. An herb. JinJ'wo'tb, 

PULICOSE. a. [/w/jVo//f, Latin.] AJbound- 
ing with fleas. 

PU LIOL. /. An herb. 

To PULL. n). a. [puUian, Sax'n.] 

^ J. To draw violently towards one. 

Ben. Johtijon: 
a. To draw forcibly. B^jyivard. 

3. "To pluck; to gather. Mortimer. 

4. To tear; to rend. Lam'iW.z, 

5. To 'Pvi.-L doivn. Tofubvert; to de- 
molifh. floweL 

6. To Pull doivn. To degrade. Rofcom. 
J. To Pull up. To extirpate ; to era- 
dicate. Locke. 

PULL. /. [from the verb,] The aft of pull- 
ing ; "pluck. Shakcfpeare. 

PU'LLER, /, (from /•«//.] One that pulls. 


PU^LLEN./. Poultry. 

PU'LLET. /. [pculet, French, ] A young 
hen. Brciun. 

PU'LLEY. /. {poulie, French.] A fmall 
wheel turning on a pivot, with a furrow 
on its outfide in which a rope run?, Gull» 

To PULLU'LATE. ^. n. [puHulo, Latin j 
pulluhr, French.] To germinate; to bud. 

PL'LMONARY. a. Belong ng to the lungs, 

PU'i.MONARY. /. [fuhionaire, French.] 
The herb lungwort. Ainfnvortb, 

PU'LMONICK. a. [ixompulmo, Latin.] Be- 
long ng to the lungs. 

PULP./. \pu'pa, Latin j/i/Z/f, French,] 
I. Any foft mafs. Bacon, 

a. The foft part of fruit. Raw 

PU'LPIT. /. [pulpttum, Latin.] 

1 . A place raifed on high,^ where a fpeaker 
ftands. ShakefpsarCt 

2. The higher defk In the church where 
the fermon is pronounced. Dryden, 

PULPOUS. tf. [from /.j/,^.] Soft. Philips, 
PU'LPOUSNESS. /. [from pufpom ] The 

quality of being pulpous. 
PU'LPY, a. [from /»«/;>.] Soft ; pappy. 

PULSA'TION. /. \Ju pulJauo,Ut.'\ The 

aft of beating or moving with quick ftrokes 

sgainft any thing oppofing. Har'vey, 

PULSA'TOR. /. [from puUo, Latin,] A 

ftriker ; a beater. 
PULSE. /. [pul^uiy Latin.] 

1. The motion of an artery as the blood is 

driven through it by the heart, and as it is 

perceived by the touch. 

a. Ofcillation; Vibration. Neivton, 

3. To feel one's PuLSE. To try or know 
one's mind artfully. 

4. {Ftompuli.] Leguminous plants. M/7f. 
To PULSE. T/. ti. [from the noun.] To 

beat as the pulfe. Ray» 

PULSION. / [from pu!fus, Latin.] The 
aft of driving or of forcing forward : in 
oppofition to fuftion. More, 

PU'LVERABLE. a, [from /.r//i/fm, Larin.] 
Pofllhle to be reduced to dnfl. Boyle, 

PULVERIZA'TION. /. [from />«/a;fr/«..] 
The aft of powdering j reduftion to duft 
or powder. 

To PU'LVERIZE. V. a. [from puheris, 
Latin.] To reduce to powder ; to reduce 
to duft. Boyle* 

PU'LVERULENCE. /. [puherulertia, Lat.] 
Duftinefs; abundance of durt. 

PU'LVIL. /. [pulvillum, Latin.] Sweet 
fcents. Gay. 

To PU LVIL. V a. [from the noun.] To 
fprinkle with perfumes in powder. Corgt 

PU'MICE. /. A fl'g or cinier of fome foflJJ, 
originally bearing another form, and only 
reduced to this ftate by the violent aftion 
of fire : it is a lax and fpungy matter full 
of Ifctle pores and cavities, found in roafles 



of difFerent fizes and fhapff, of > pale, 
whuiiTi, grey colour: the pumrce is found 
about tlie burning mountains Etna, Vefu- 
"viiis and Hccla. Bacon. 

PIJ'MMHL. /. See Pommel. 

PUMP. J. [porrpe, Dutth and French.] 
I. An engine Oy which water is drawn up 
from welis : its operation is performed by 
the preifurc of the air. 
I. A ihoe with a thin fole and low heel, 


To PUMP. V. n. [p mpetiy Dutch. J To 
work a pump J to mrow out water by a 
pump. Decay of Piety, 

To PUMP. ■''.a. 

1. To raife or throw out by means of a 

2. To examine artfully by fly intermgato- 
r:e-. Otiuay, 

PUMPER./, [itom p-ump.] Theperfoaor 
the inftrument that punips. Boyh. 

PU'MPION. /. A plant. MnUr. 

PUiV, f. An equivocation; a quibble j an 
expreliion where a word has at once dif- 
ferent meaninjjs, Al^ifon. 

To PUN. V. n. [from the noun.] Toquibble ; 
to ufe the fame word at once in different 
fen I'es. Dryd.n. Tal/er. 

To PUXCH. -v. a. [, French.] 
To bore or perforate oy ariving a fharp in ■ 
firument. Wijitnan, 

PUNCH. /. [from the verb.] 
\i. A pointed mftrument, which, driven 
by a blow, perforates bodies. Mcxon. 

2. A liquor made by mixing fpirit with 
water, fjgar, and the juice of iemens. 


3. The buffcon or harlequin of the puppec- 
fhjw. Gay, 

4. In contempt or ridicule, a fhort fat^ 

PUNCHEON. /. [;'5/;:co«, French.] 

1, An inllrument driven fo as to make a 
hole or imprefhon. C^mJen, 

2. A meafure of liquids, 
PU'NCHER.-/. [horn puncb.] An inflru- 

ment that makes an imprcfllon or ho!e. 


PUNCTI'LIO. /. A fmall nicety of behavi- 
our ; a nice point of exaclnefs. Adiijon. 

PUNCTI'LiOUS. J. [from punailio.] Nice ; 
exaff ; pimclu J to fuperltition. Rogers. 

PUNCriLIOU^NESS.y. [iron) puai.iuui,] 
Nicety ; iXidlr.efs of behaviour. 

PU'NCTO. /. [pu>:to, Spanifh.j 

T. Nice point of ceremony. Bacon, 

2. The point in fencing. Sbakefpeare, 

PUNCTUAL, a. [puucluel, French.] 
I. Comprifcd m a pomtj confiiting in a 
point. Milton, 

1. Exafl J nice ; pun£lil:0us. Bsccn. Alter. 

PUNCTUA'LITY. /. [fiom fur.Elual.l 
Nicety j fcrupulous e)52<i^aefs, JioiveU 


PUNCTUALLY, a J. [f,om />a«57W] 
Nicely J rxa.:l]v5 fcruuu' .ully. Ral. Hat. 

PU'NCTUALNESS, /. [fom pa„clual.\ "*• 
Ex2an»!si n;cety. Felun. 

PUNC rU.V nO.V. /. [punaum, Latm,] 
The ad ■ r methnd of pointing. AJdnon. 

PU'NCTURE. /. [punRus. Ltin.J A fmail 
prick J a hole made witfi 3 vers ih rp 
point. Broiun iyii^man. 

To PUNCTULATE. nj. r. 'puna-Auwy 
Latin.] To mark with imairfp MS, 


PU'NDLE. /. A (hort and fatwman. Air.L 

PU'NGAR. /. [/.j^a/«i, Latir.J A fifh. 


PUNGENCY./. {ixQxn pungir.t.\ ' 

1. P.'wer of prick ng. Arbutbr.ct, 

2. Heat on the tongue J acridnefs. 

3. Power to pierce the mini, Iljrnmoncf, 

4. Acrim -niou(n-fs ; keenn-Cu Stiiii'tgf, 
PU'NGENI\ cr, lpu':gcns, Latin.] 

I Pricking. Pope, 

2. Shirp .n the t'-ngue ; acrid. Ne:v:on, 

3. P.ercing; fharp. Sxvf:. 

4. Acnmon; >us ; b ting. Drjdci:, 
FU'NICE. /, A w lloufe ; a ougg. 
PUVI'CEOUS a. [pun:ccu,, Latin. ; Purple. 
FU'NINESS. / [froni pay.] Pett.ncfs j 

To PU'NISH. v, a. [punio, Latii.] 

1. To chaflifej to arfiid with oenaltics. 

Ltv XXVI, iS, 

2. To revenge a fault with pain or death. 
PU'NISHABLE. a, {puwff bit, French, 

from fun:Jh.] Worthy of punilh-nent j 

capable of uunifhment. Hooker. Taylor, 
PU'NISHABLENESS. / [fr m pwf'Jb l:..j • 

The quality of defcrving or aomicting pu- 

PU'NISHER. /. [from f^ui'Jb.] One who 

infii*:s pains for a crime. /M.ltcn, 

PUNISHMENT. /• [pu',if.m^rjf, F'cnc -.J 

Any inrtidion impofcd in vengeance f a 

crime. Sper.jer. 2 Mac. vii. 36, 'Jo'', xxx'. 3, 

Dr^den Lock:. 

PUNI'TION / \pu'iition,Ttench-jpu-lf!o, 

Latin.] PunilTiment. Atnjivjrtt. 

PU'NITIVE. a. \t:om purh, Litin,] A- 

wardingor inflidting punifhment. I.'am, 
PU'NITORY. J. [from /)tt';/o, Latin, ] Pu- 

nifhing ; tending to punifhrnenc. 
PUNK.. /. A whore j a coinmon proflittite. 
Uudibras. Dryden, 
PU'NSTER, /. [from;»».] Aquibblcrj a 

Jow wit who endeavours at reputntion by 

double meaning. A butbnot, Addfjo.i, 

PU'NY. a. [puisite, French.] 

1. Young. 

2, Inferior J petty j of an under rate, 

Sbake p:.->re. Alt It or, 

PU'NY. /. A ycung unexperienced unGejfon- 

ed wretch. S:u:b. 

To PLT. 1%^, [itorti puppy. '\ To brinj 

<; E for:ix 


fcrth whelps : uled of a bitch bringiBg 
• PU'PIL. /. [pufilla, Latin.] 

J. The appic of the eye. Bacon. Ray.Niivt. 

2. A fcholar j one under the care of a tu- 
tor. Shakelpeare. Fairfax Locke. 

3. A ward j one under the care of his 
guardian. Dryden, 7'ickell, 

PU'rJLAGE. /. [from /«;//.] 

1. State of being a fcholar. Locke. 

2. Wardfhip j minority. Sf^enftr. 
PU'PILLARY. a. [pupi/Iaire, French, f>u- 

pillarny Latin.] Pertaining to a pupii or 
PU'PPET./. [poup/ey French; /5if/.«j, Latin.] 

1, A fmall image moved by men in a 
mock- drama 5 a wooden tragedian. Pope. 

2. A word of contempt. Shakejpeare, 
PU'PPETMAN. /. [puppet and man,^ Ma. 

fter of a puppet-fhow. iiivift. 

PU'PPETSHOW. /. [puppet and fvoiv.-] 
A mock drama performed by wooden i- 
mages moved by wire, Sivift. Arbutbnot. 

PU'PPY. /, [poupc'e, French.] 

1. A wheJp j progeny of a bitch, Shakefp. 

To PU'PPY. V. n. [from the noun.] To 

bring whelps, 
PURBLI'ND. a. Nearfighted j fhortfighted. 
Shakelpeare. B«yle, 
PURBLI'NDNESS. /. [from purblind.] 

Shortnefs of fight. 

PURCHASABLE, a. [ixompurchafe.^Th^t 

may be purchsfed or bought. Locke. 

To PU'RCHASE. 'V. a. [peur chafer, Fr.] 

, J. To buy for a price. Shakefp. Gen. xxv. 

2. To obtain at any cxpence, as of labour 
or danger. Milton, 

3. To expiate or recompenfe by a fine or 
forfeit. Shakejpeare. 

PURCHASE./, [pcurchai, old French.] 

I. Any thing bought or obtained for a 

price. Locke. 

a. Any thing of which pofleffion is taken. 

Sbakejpeat e. 

PU'RCHASER. /. [from purchafe.] A 
buyer J one that gains any thing for a 
price. Bacon. South. Addifon. 

PURE. a. [pur, pure, French j purus, Lat.] 

1. Not filthy J not fuUied. 

2. Clear J nct.dirty; not muddy. iV^^wfy. 

3. Unmingled j not altered by mixtures j 
mere. Taylor. 

4. Not conne£led with any thing extrin- 
fick. PF:lkim. Watu. 

5. Free J clear. Philips. 

6. Free from guilt j guiltlefs ; innocent. 

Prov. XX. 9. Milton. 

7. Incorrupt; not vitiated by any bad 
praflice or opinion. Tickell. 
S. Not vitiated with corrupt modes of 
fpeech. AJcham. 
9. Merc: as, a ^urt villain, C'arendon, 



TO. Chaftc; modeft. 
PURELY, ad. [Uom pure. ^ 

1. In a pure manner; not dirtily; not 
with mixture. IJaiab 1. 25, 

2. Innocently ; without guilt. 

3. Merely. Clarevdoa, 
PU'RENESS. /. [from pure.-] 

1. Clearnefs ; freedom from extraneous or 
foul admixtu-res, Sidney. Temple. 

2. Simplicity ; exemption from compcfi- 
tion. Raleigh. D'yden, 

3. Innocence ; freedom from guilt. 

Common Prayer, 

4. Freedom from vitious modes of fpeeih. 


PU'RFILE. /. Ipourfle'.', French.] A fort tf 
ancient trimming for womens gown?. 


To PU'RFLE. V. a [pourfiler, French :,pro~ 
flare, Italian.] Tedecoiate with a wrought 
or flowered border. Spcnjer. 

PU'RFLE. If, [pourfHeey French.] A 

PU'RFLEW. 5 border of embroidery. 

PURGATION. /. [purgation, Y.&nzh.'] 

1. The adt of cleanfing or purifying trom 
vitious mixtures. Burnet, 

2. The adl of cleanfing the body by down- 
ward evacuation. Bacon. 

3. The aft of clearing from imputation of 
liuilr. Shakejpeare, 

PU'RGATIVE. a. [purgatif, French, pur, 
gati-tus, Latin.] Cathartick ; having the 
powir tocaufe evacuations downward. 

Bt2Con. Donne. JViJeman. 

PU'RGATORY. /. \j>urg:tcrium, Latin.] 
A place in which fouls are fuppofed by the 
papi.Os to be purged by fire from carnal im. 
purities, before they aie received into 
heaven. StiVin^ fleet , 

To PURGE, t/. a. [ptirgo, Latin.] 

1. Tocleanfe; to clear. Bacon. 

2. To clear from impurities, Shakefpeare. 


3. To clear from guilt. Shakefp. Heb. ix. 14^ 

4. To clear from imputation of guilt. 

Shakefpeare. Bacsn, 

5. To fvveep or put away impurities. 

Decoy of Piety, 

6. To evacuate the body by liool. Camden, 


7. To clarify ; to defecate. 

To PURGE. 'V. n. To have frequent ftools. 
PURGE. /. [from the verb.] A calharticlc 

medicine ; a medicine that evacuates the 

body by flooi. Shakefpeare. Arbutbnot, 

PU'RGER. /. [from;.«/-gr] 

I. One who clears away any thing noxious, 

1. Purge ; cathartick. Bacon, 

PURIFICA'TION. /. (^«r//ffar/o/', French 5 

purifj^atio, Latin.] 

I, The adt of making pure, Boyle, 

z. The adt of cleanfing from guilt, Tayler, 

3. A 


3. A rite performed by the Hebrews after 

PURIFICATIVE. la.[(rom purify.] Hav- 

PU'RIFICATORY. 5 ing power or tenden- 
cy to make pure. 

PU'RIFIER. /. [fromp:nify.] Cleanfer; 
icfiner. Ma/. 

To PURI'FY. V. a, [punjicr, Fr. pur>Jlco, 

1. To make pure. 

2. To free from any extraneous admixture. 

* Burnet. Drydei. 

3. To make dear. HtJney, 
4 To free from guilt or corruption. 

Tirui. South, 

5. To free from pollution, as by luftration, 

6. To clear from barbarifms or improprie- 
ties. Spratt. 

ToPU'RIFY v.n. To grow pure. B^met. 

PU'RIST.y. [purjie, Yxcnch.] One fu per- 
ftitioufly nice in tlie ufe of words. 

PU'RITAN. /. [from/)f.'«.] A feftary pre- 
tending to eminent purity of religion. 

i'and rfan, 

PURITA'NICAL. a. [from puritan,] Re- 
lating c<» puri'ans. ll'^ahon, 

PURITANISM. /. [from/»r/rjn.] The 
notions of a puritan. iValton. 

PU'RITY. /. Ipuriie, Fr. puritat, Latin.] 
1. Cieanncfs j freedom trom foulnefs or 
dirt. Prior. Tbowfon. 

a. Freedom from guilt j innocence. PVake, 
3. Ch-ftityj freedom from contamination 
of fexes. Sbakelpeare. 

PURL. /. [Uompurfii.] 

1. An embroidered and puckered border, 

6 idr.ey. Bacon. 
%, A kind of medicated malt liquor, in 
which wormwood and aromaticks are in- 
fufed. > 

To PURL. 1/. n. To murmur j to flow with 
a gentle noife. Baco'i. Mi/ten, 

To FURL, -v, a. To decorate with fringe 
or embroidery. Ben. Johnjon. 

PU RLIEU. /. The grounds on the borders 
of a foreft ; border j inclofure. 

Sbakejp. Spiaatcr. 

PU'RLINS. /. In architcdlure, ihofe pieces 
of timber that lie acrofs the rafters on the 
infide, to keep them from finking in the 
middle. Bailey, 

To PURLO IN. V, a. To fteal j to take by 
thtft. Milton. Dcnham. 

PURLO'INER. /. [Uom purloin.] A. thief; 
one that Ideals clandeftinely. UElhange, 

PU'RPARTY. /. [p'ur and parti, French.] 
Share; part in divifion. Da-vies, 

PU'RPLE. a, [pourpre, Ti. purpureus, Lut.] 
J, Red tinctured with blue. 

Sbake/pearf, Wotton, 
a. Id poctrjr, red, Dryden, 


To PU'RPLE. T. a. [purpura, Latin.] To 
make red ; to colour with purple. 

Dome. Mi /ton, ' 

PU'RPLES. /. [without a] Spots 
of a livid red, which break out in malig- 
nant fevers ; a purple fever. 

PU'RPLISH. a. lirom purple.] Somewhat 
purple. Boy/e, 

PU'RPORT. /. [pourporte, French,] De- 
lign ; tendency 1 1 a writing or difcourfc.] 

To PU'RPORT. v.a. [from the noun.] 
To intend ; to tend to fhow. Bic. Roive. 

PU'RPOSE. /. [promos, ft.prop'>fitum. Lit.'] 

1. Intention; defign. ISbakefp. Krolles. 

2. Efte£l; confcquence. Cc/ZiVr. Baker,. 

3. Inftance; exan.ple. L'E/ira>:g*, 
To PURPOSE, i;. a, [from the noun.] To 

intend j to defign ; to rcfolve. 

Hooker. Prior, 
PU'RPOSELY. ad. [from purpofe.] By de. 

fign ; by intention. Hooker. Pope, 

PU'RPRISE./. [pourpris, old Vx. purprijum, 

law Lat n.] A dole or inclofure ; as alfo 

the whole compafs of a manour. Bacon. 
PURR. /. A fea lark. Ainjioo'tb, 

To PURR, 1;. a. To murmur as a cat or 

leopard in pleafure. 
PUR:>E. /. [W/^, Fr. ;>'zt'ri, Wel/h.] A 

fmall bag in which ii.oney is contained. 

Stakejp 'Knol/es. Mdffof). 
To PURSE. "V.a. [ from the noun.] 

I, T; put into a purle. Dryden, 

2 To c ;ntra£t as a purfe. Shahfp.^re, 

PU'RSENET. /. [purfe in^net.] .-^/uet of 

which the mouth is drawn together by a | 

ft' ing. Mortimer, 

PU'RSEPROUD. a. [purje znA proud.]?uii^ 

fed up with money. 
PURSER / [Wotn purfe.] The paymafter 

f a rti p. 

PURLIN ESS. 7 /. [ftompurfy.] Short- 
PU RSIVENESS. 5 nefs of breath. 
PU'RSLAIN. y. [pirtuiaca, i.zi.] A plant. 

PURSU'ABLE. a. [from purjue.] What 

m.iy t)e purOjed. 
PURbU'ANCE. /. [from purjue.] Profecu- 

ti> n ; prtcels, 
PURbU'ANF. a. [from purjue.] Done ia 

confequonce or profecucion of any thing. 
To PURSU'E. -v. a, [pourjuivre, French.] 

1. To chafe ; to foUuw in holiility. 


2. To profecute. Prov. 

3. To imitate; to follow as an example. 


4. To endeavour to attain. Pn.r, 
To PURSU E. V. n. To go on j to proceed. 


PURSU'ER. /. [from purjue.] One who 

follows in hoftility, Milton, Derham, 

S E * PVR- 


PURSU'IT. /. [/>5ar/a/«c%. French.] 

I. The aa of following wiih holuie inten- 
tion, Mi'ioti, 
a. Endeavour to attain Dryden. Rogers. 
3 Pjofecution. Clarcndor. 

PU'RSUIVaNT. /. [powfui-vant^ French.] 
A ftate mefrenger ; an .lUencUnt on the he- 
ralds. Spenfer, Drydcti. 

PU'RSY. a. {py-'Jfif, Fr.J S'hottbreathed 
and r'ac. Shake'p, Hudibra^. 

FURTENANCfc. j, [■■.pp^rt'>iafue, Fren.] 
T"e ii.uck of an animal. Ex. HudibrOi. 

To PU'RVEV. -v. a. f^owrw/r, French.] 
I, To piovidc with conveniencies. Spenjer. 
a. '1~0 provrurc. Ibcmf-in. 

To FU'RVEY. -u. n. To buy in provifions. 


PURVE'YANCE. /. \Jxow. jAirvey.'] 

I. ProvTion. Stenfc-. 

a. Fi 'curement of viftujis. Bacon. 

PURVt'V'QK. /. [ixompu'i'ey,'\ 

I. One chat pr^ividcs Victuals. Rakish. 
•2,. A urccurer j a pimp. Dryden, Addifon. 

PU'RVIEW. /. [pou.'vru, French.] ProVifo j 
piovidJEg claufe. hlah. 

PU'RULF.NCE. If. [horn pur uletit.'] Ge- 

PU RULENCy, 5 neraujn of puis or mat- 
ter- /^rbutbnot, 

PU'RULENT. a. [purulent, Fr. purtthntin, 
Latin.] Confifting of pus or the running 
of wounds. Bacon. Arbuthnct. 

pus. J. [Latin.] The naatter of a wejl di- 
geiled fore. Arbutbnot. 

To^PUbH. v.a. f/)o//^«r,, French.] 

I. T> ftrike with a thruft; Exodus. 

a To force or drive by impulfe of any 
thing-. Job. 

3. To force not by a quick blow, biit by 
continued violence. Shukefp. PJalms. 

4. To pre fs forward. Dryden. Addicn, 

5. To urge j to drive. Add.fon. 

6. To enforce j to diive to a conclufion. 

7. To importune J to teaze. 
To PUSH. -y. «. 

I. To made a thrnft. Dryd.n. Ray. 

■z. To make an effort. D yden, 

3. To rnaki an attack. Daniel. 

PUSH./, r from the vert),] 

I. Thruft ; the ad\ of flriking with a 
pointed inftru vent. Krioilcs. 

a. An impulle ; fo.ce imprefTsd. Addijot, 

3, Alldult} atLack. iibak jp. Watti, 

4, A forcible ftruggle ; a ft rong effort. 

Shakejpeare, Addijov, 

5, Exig nee ; trial. VEjlr, Atterhury^ 

6, A lu^Uifn emergence. Stake pfore. 

7, A pjinpiej an elBoiefcence j a wheal, 


pU'SHER. /. [from pufo.l He whopufhts 

J-^U'SHING. <?. [frQZi)^«/.] Enterprifing J 



PU'SHPIW. /. [pup and pir.-] A Jhi!d'3 

play, in which pins are puflied alternately. 

PUSILLANIMITY, /. [pufiUammite, Fr.] 

Cowardice j meannefs of fpirir. 

SL'^'kefpeare: South. 

PUSILLA'NIMOUS. a. [puJUhmme, ¥r.] 

M-anfpirited j narrowaiinded ; cowardly. 

Baron. Spetiator. 


I'nimoui.J Meannefs of fpirit. 
PUSS. /. 

I. The fondling name of a cat. 

VEftrange, Watti. 

1. The fportfrnan's term for a hare. Gay. 

PU'STULE. /. [pujiulc, Fr. pujiuh, Latin.] 

A fmall fweiiingj a pimpie j a pufh } aq 

efilotefcence. Arbutbnot . 

PU'STULOUS. a. [from pufiu/e.] Full of 

puftules; pimply. 
To PUT. v.a. 

I. To lay or repcfit in any place. 

Mtlton, Mortimir, 
1. To place in any fituation. 

Milton. L'Eftrange, 

3. To place in any f^ate or coBdition. 

Sb^'kcfp, Gen. Sufan. 

4. To repofe. 2 Kings, i C!:'rcn. 

5. To truft J to give up. Exodus. 

6. To expofe j to apply to any thing, 


7. To pulh into adlion. Milton. Su-ijr, 
§, Tv> apply. 1 Sam. D'ydcn. 
9. To ufe any aflion by which the phce or 
iftate of any thing is changed. 

Shak^fp. Taylor. JVah, 
JO. Tocaufe; to produce. Locke. 

J I. To comprife 3 to confign to writing. 

2 Cbron. 
- 12. To add. Eccl. 

13. To place in a reckoningt Lecke, 

14. To reduce to any flate, Shakefp. 

15, To oblige ; to urge. Bacon, B'-yle. 

16, Topropofe; to flate. z Cbr. S'zvift. 
Ij. To form j to regulate. 

18. To reach to another. H^b, 

19. To bring into any Itate of mind or 
temper. Knslles. Clarendon. Locket 

20. To offer J tp adva.'ice. 

Dryden. Atterbury^ 

21. To unite ; to place as an ingredient. 


22. To Put by. To turn offj to divert. 

Taylor. Greiv. 

23. To Pi!T by. To thruft afide. 

1 Stdncy. Cotvl-y. 

24. To Pu T doivn. To baffle j (0 reprefs j 
to cruih. Sbakefpeare, 

25. To Put doun. To degrade. 

Spenfer. z Cbr, 

26. To Put down. To bring intodifufe. 

Bacon, Pryden. 

zj. To PvT doivKt T© confute, Sbakef, 

2S, T9 


n?. To PuT/cr.'Z). To proptfe. Judges, 

zt). 'lo PVT forrb To extend. Genejis. 

30. loPuT forib. To emit, as a fprout- 
ing plant. Bacon. 

31. To Put forth. To exert. 

Milicn. Taylor. 

32. To Put in. T<'> interpole. Collier, 

33. To Put in p'afl'cc. To ufe; to ex- 
lercife. Drydcn, 
34.. Ta Put 0//, To divert; to lay afide. 

Nebem. Exodus, Addifon. 

35. 'TiPuTo^. To defeat or delay with 
lome artifice or excole. Bacon. Boyle. 

36. To Put off. To delay j to defer j to 
procraftimte IP'ake. 

37. ?& Put 0^. To pafs fallacioufly. 

2^. To Put of. T-> difcard. Shake/. 

39. To Put oy. T - recOiTimend ; to vend 
or ob'rude. Baccn. S'^vift. 

40. To Put on or a/fl«. To impute j to 

41. To Put o« or upon. To invefl with, 
as cloachs or cove.'iag. bhakefp:'are. 

Ben. John,on. Knolles. V EJTrarge. 

42. To Put on. To forward; tc pro- 
mote 5 ro incite. Shakefteare. 

43. To Put ck or up-n. Ti> impcfe j to 
inriid. 2 King!. LEftrange. 

44. To Put on, ToalluTe; to takr. 

' ' Shak'jp, Dryden. 

45. To Put 6i;fr. To refer. bbakejp. 

46. To Put oar. To place at ufury. 


47. ToVvT out. To extinguifh. 

"Judge s. Milton. 
43. To Put out. To emit, as a plant. 

49. To Put out. To extend j to pioc-uoe. 


50. ToPuToar, To expel ; to drive trtm. 

i>pcnjer. Bacon. 

51. To Put out. To make publick. 

Drydcn. Addijon. 

52. To Put out. To difctncerr. Ba<^on. 

53. To Put /o. To kiii oy j to piinifh 
by. Bacon. Clarend-jn. 

54. To Put to it. To diftrefs j to per- 
plex ; to prefs hard. Dryden, Addtjon. 

55. To Put ro. To aflift with. 

iiidney. KnolUi. 

56. To Put to death. To kill. 

Bacon. Hayivard, 

57. To Put together. To accumulate in- 
to one fum cr m -Is. Burnet. 

f^%. To Put up. To pafs tinrevenged. 

UEJiran^e. Boyle, 

59. To Put up. Toemitj to caufe tc> ger- 
minate as planes. Bacon, 

60. To Put up. Toeifpofc publickly 

61. To PvT up. To ftart. Aidifon. 
'(iZ. ToPvT up. To hoard., 

63. To Put :./>. To hide, Hbakejp, 


64. To Put upon. To incite j to infll- 
gate. Clarendon. Ti 1 lot/on. 

65. To Put i/^or. To impofe ; 'o layup« 
on. ^'ibjkefpjare, 

66. To Pu T upon trial. To cxpofe or fuoi- 
iDon to a folemn and judicial examination. 

Lcckf. Arbutbnia, 
To PUT. V. n. 

1 . To go or move. Bacon, 

2. To flioot or germinate, B 'cop, 

3. To fteer a vctrc!. Addifin, 

4. To VvT fjrth. To leave a port, iibake, 

5. ToPvT forth. To germinate J to bud ; 
to /hoot f lit. Hhakefpcar. Bacsn, 

6. To Pur ?n. To enter a hdven. Pt/>r, 

7. To Put infer. To claim j to Itand can- 
didate for. Loch. 

8. To Plt in. To offer i claim. 

Si> ik'tpea-e. B^oivn. 
g.ToPvToff. To leave'jand. Addifon, 

10. To Put ti^-r. To fnii crofs. AbbtH. 

11. To Put to /ea. To fetfail j to begin 
thec'iuiff. Bacon, 
iz To Put up. To ofFsr oner's felfa 
candidate. VEfrange, 

13. 'To Put r//), TosTdvance to ; to bring 
one's lelf furv^'ard. Stvift, 

14. To Put up with. To fuffer without 

PUT./, [from the verb.] 

I. An aftion of diftrels* L'EJlrange, 

1. A niftick J a clown. Brainjlon, 

3. Put off. Excufe; fhift. L' Eft range ^ 

PU'TAGE. J. [putainj French.] In law, 
p-nitituti n on the woman's pjrr. 

PU'TANISM. /. [putar.ifme, French.] The 
manner or living, or trade of a proftitute. 


PUTATIVE, a. [pufatif, Fr. from puto, 
L^t^n.J Suppoi'ed ; reputed. Ay'r.ffe. 

PU'TIIX a. [/>;/;/^aJ, Latin.] Mean 9 low j 

PU'TIDNESS. /. \fxomput-.d.^ Meannefs 3 

PU'TLOG. /. Vutbgs are piece? of tim- 
ber orfhort polps ^Dout feven foot long, to 
bf-ar the boards they ftand on to work, and 
to hy b ii k« ard mortar upon. Moxon, 

PU'TRFDIN'OUS. a. [{roioputredo, Lat.j 
Stiiiki'ii; ; rctren, Floycr. 

PUTREFA CTION. f. [putrefaTion, Fr.] 
The llate of growing rotten j the aft ct' 
m.-king rotten. ^incy. Tbomfon. 

PUTREFA'CTIVE. s. [from putrefuco, 
Latin, j Miking rotten. Broivn. M'lj.msn, 

To PU'TREFY. -v. a. [putnfir^ Fr. putre- 

focii, Ldtin.] To makerutien j to corrupt 

with rottennefs. inbakef. Bacon. Teivple. 


To PU TREFY. -v. n. To ror. 

Ifjiah. Bacon, 

PUTRE'SCENCE. /. [from /);/:ro'co, Latin.] 

Tlic ftate of rotting. Broivn. 


P u z 

PUTRESCENT, a. [futrefcetis,Ut.] Grow. 
ing rotten. Arbuthnot, 

PUTRID, a. [putn'de, Fr. futridus, Lat.] 
Rotten J corrupt. Waller. 

Futriditvtr is that kind of fever, in which 
the humours, or part of them, have fo little 
circulatory motion, that they fall into an 
inteftine one, and putrefy, which is com- 
monly the cafe after great evacuations, great 
or exceffive heat. ^ivcy. 

PU'TRIDNESS. /. [from^M/r/W.J Rotten- 
nefs. Iloyer. 

PUTTER. /. [from^a^] 

I. One who puts. VEflrange, 

a. FuTTER ew. Inciter j inftigator, 

PU'TTINGSTONE. /. In fome parts cf 
Scotland, ftones are laid at the gates of 
great houfes, which they all putting Jht^es, 
for trials of ftrength. Pope. 

PU'TTOCK./. [derived, by Minpeiv, from 
huteo, Latin. J A buzzard, 

Shakejpeare, Peacbam. 

PU'TTY. /. 

I. A kind of powder on which glafs is 
ground. Neiaon. 

a. A kind of cement ufed by glazier;. 

To PU'ZZLE. v, a, {ioi fofile, frorr pofe. 
Skinner.] To perplex } to confound j to 
embarrals ; to entangle. 

Sbak'Jpicire. Clarendon, 

To PU'ZZLE. v.n. To be bewildered in 
one's own notions j to be awkward. 


'^\iT:L\S2., f. [from the verb ] Embaraff- 
ment ; perplexity. Bacon. 

PU ZZLER. /. [ from puzzle. ] He who 

PY'GARG. /. A bird, Jhfacrtb, 


py'GMEAN. «, [fTom pygmy.] BelonginS 
to a pygmy. Mlton' 

PYGMY. /. \pygmee, Fr. wy>',aai©-.] A 
dwarf J one a of nation fabled to be only three 
fpans high, and after long wars to have 
been deftroyed by cranes. Bintley, 

pyLO'RUS. /. [ttz/X&'^o;.] The lower ori- 
fice of the ftomach. 


PY'RAMID. /. [pyr..>n:ide, Fr. 7r^Pan*I^] 

In geometry, is a fohd figure, whole bafe is 

a polygon, and whofe fides are plain tri- 

ang es, their feverai points meeting in one. 


PYRA'MIDAL. 1 a. [ from pyramid. ] 

PYRAMl'DICAL J Having theform of a 
pyramid. Locke. 

PYRAMI'DICALLY. ad, [itom pyrami- 
dical. J In form of a pyramid. Broome. 

PY'RAMIS. /. A pyramid. Bacon, 

FYRE. /. [pyra, Latin.] A pile to be burnt. 
Drydn. Pope, 

PYRI'TES. /. [fromirS:^.] Fneiione. 


PYROMANCY' /. [7n;fo/AttVT£.'a.] Divina- 
rion by fi:e. ^y^'ff'- 

PYROTE'C'HNICAL a. [pyrotechnique, Fr. 
troin pyrotechnicks,] Engaged or fkilful in 

PYROTE'CHNICKS. /. [ttvp and rsp^j^.] 
The art of employing fire to ufe or plea- 
fure j fhe art of fireworks. 

PYROTE'CHNY. /. [pyrotecbnie, French.] 
The art of monaging hre. Rjle, 

PY'RRHONISM. /. [from Pyrrho.] Scep- 
ticifm J univerfal doubt. 

PYX. /. [pyxis, Latin.] The box in which 
the Romanics keep the hoft. 

QCpQ Q^QPg'0 £' QQQOQ G QQQC:;)QQS)QQQQ 6r^>^ 



Ols a confonant borrowed from the 
Latin or French, for which the 
^ Saxons generally ufed cp : the 
/ name of this letter is cue^ from 
oueu, French, tail j its form being that of 
an O with a tail. 
QUAE. /. A fort of fiffi. 
To QUACK, -v. a, [^««cifff, Dutch.] 
I. To cry like a duck. f^'^g- 

a. To chatter boaftingiy j to brag loudly j 
to talk oftentatioufly, Hiidibrau 

QUACK, /, [from the verb,] 

Q^U A 

I, A boaftful pretender to arts which he 
does not underftand. Fehon, 

z. A vain boaftful pretender to phyfick ; 
one who proclaims his own medical abili- 
ties in publick pbces. ^ddifon, 
3. An artful tricking praftitioner in phy- 
fick. Pope. 

QUA'CKERY. /. [from ^uacL] Mean or 
bad ads in phyfick. 

QUA'CKSALVER. /. [^uack and fahe.} 

One who brags of medicines or falves j a 

mcdicafter j a charlatan. Burton, 




^^-\DRA'CESIMAL. a. [ fiadrjgfjirfie!, 
Fcench i ^ujJragc/ima, Latin.] Lenten j 
belonging to lent. Sarderjon. 

Ql. A'DRANGLE. /. [ijuadrarui and argu- 
lui, Latin,] A /quarc ^ a lurtice with four 
right angles. Hqii'iI. 

QUADRA NGULAR. a. [from quadrangle.'] 
Square j having four right angles. 


QUA'DRANT. /. [j^i/art'rawj, Latin,] 

1. The fourth part j the quarter. Sr$u>v. 

2. The quarter of a circle. IJolder. 

3. An inftrumcnt with which altitudes are 
taken. Gay. 

QUaDRA'NTAL. a. [from quadrant.] In- 
cjudcd in the fourth part of a circle. 


QUA'DRATE. a. [quadratuSy Latin.] 
I . Square j having four equal and parallel 
a. Divifible into four equal parts. 


3. [^fluadrar.!, Latin.] Suited ; applicable, 


QUA'DRATE /. A fquare j a furface with 
four equal and parallel fides. Sp njer. 

To QUA'DRATE. v. n, \quadro, Latin; 
quaJrery Fr.] To fuit j to be accommo- 
dated. Addison. 

QUA'DRATICKL. a. Four fquare ; belong, 
ing to a fquare. DiB. 

QUADRA! ICK equatiom. Such as retain, 
on (.►le unknown fide, the fquare of the root 
or the number fought. Harris, 

QUADRATURE. /. [quadrature, French.] 
I. The afl of fquaring. Waus. 

z. The firft and lafl quarter of the moon, 

3. The ftatc of being fquare J a quadrate j 
a fquare. Milton. 

QUADRE'NNIAL. a. [quadriennium.Lzt.l 
I. Comprifing four yea»s. 
2 Happening once in four years, 

QUA'DRIBLE. a, [ from quadra^ Latin. ] 
That may be fquared. Derbam. 

QUA'DRIFID. a. [quadrifdis, h^X..\C\ovtn 
into four divifions. 

QUADRILATERAL, a. [quatuor, and 
latut, Latin.] Having four fides. 


QUADRILA'TERALNESS, /. [from yaa- 
dri lateral.] The property of having four 
right lined fides. Diff, 

QUADRILLE. /. A game at cards. 

QUA'DRIN. /. [quidrifius, Lat.J A mite ; 
a (mall piece cf money, in value about a 
farthing. Bailey, 

QUA'DRINOMICAL. a. [ qtiatuor and 
r.omen, Latin.] Con^fting of four denomi- 
nations. D\Ei, 

QUA^DRIPARTITE. a, [qua'uor !<nA f>ar- 
ticus, Latin.] Havuig fourparties } divided 
into four pares. 

QUA'DRIP.ARTITELY. aJ. [from quadri-' 
partite.] In a quadripartite diftribution. 

Ql'ADRIPAR . i'TlON. /. A divifion by 
tour, or the r;;king the fourth part of any 
quantity or number, Di8, 

QUADRIPHY'LLOUS. a, [ quatuor, and 
<;)U^Xov.] H vmg four leaves. 

QUADRIRL'ME. /. [quadr remit, Latin.] 
A galley with four banks (»f oars. 

QUADRIbYiXABLE. /. [quatuor ^ndfyL 
i'ble.] A word of four fyllables. 

QUADRIVA'LVES. / [quatuor in^uaha, 
LJtm.] Doors with four folds. 

QUADRl'VIAL. a. [quadri-vwm, Latin.] 
Hav ne f<'ur ways meting in a point. 

QITADRU'PED. /. [qusdupde^Yx. qua- 
dr pc , Lai i.j An animal thdt goes oa 
four leg-, as perhaps all hearts. Arbutbnot, 

QUADRU'PED. a. Having four ictt. 


QUADRUPLE, a. [quadruples, Lat.] Four- 
fold } four times t<'ld, RaLigb. 

To QUADRU'PLICATE. v. a. [quadr upli- 
CO, Latin.] To double twice j to make 

QUADRUPLICA'TION. /. [frcm quadru- 
plicate.] The taking a thing four times, 

QUADRU'PLY. ad. [iiom quadruple.] To 
a foiirfild quantity. Sivifcm 

S^JMRE. [Litin.] Enquire; feek. 

To QUAFF. V, a. [from cosff.r, Fr. to br 
drunk ] To drink j to fwallow in large 
draughts. Sbakefpeare^ 

To QUAFF. V. V. To drink luxurioufly, 


QUA'FFER. /. [from q^sff.] He wh» 

To QUATFER. -v, n. To feel out. Derbam. 

QUA'CGY. a. B?ggy ; foft ; not folid. 

QUA GMIRE. /. [that is, quakemire.] \ 
fhiking majfh. More^ 

QUAID. pcut. Crufhed j dejeaed ; de- 
prefTed. Spenfer, 

QUAIL, f. [quaglia, Italian,] A bird of 
game. Ray. 

QUA'ILPIPE. /. [quail and pip\1 A pipe 
with which fowlers aliurc quails. Addifonm 

To QUAIL. V. n. [quelcn, Dutch.] ToJan- 
guiih J to fink in:o dejeflion, 

Kr.olles. Hrbert, 

To QUAIL. V. a. ["cpellan, Saxon.] To 
crulh J to quell. Daniel. 

QUAINT, a. [coint, French.] 

1. Nice; fcrupuloufly, minutely} fuper- 
fiuoufly exad, Sidney, 

2. Subtle ; artful. Obfolcte. Chauctr, 

3. Neat ; pretty ; exad. Siakefp. 

4. Subtly excogitated ; hnefpun. Mi'tcn, 

5. AfTeded J fcppifli. Stci/t' 
QUAI'NTLY, ad, [fwrn fuamtli 

I, Nicely: ewaivi with petty elegance. 

t. Afct- 

<iJJ A 


2. Artfully. Sbakeffeare, 

QUAFNTNESS. /. [iiomquaht.^ Nicety; 

petty elegance. Pope. 

To QUAKE. V. n. [cpican, Saxon.] 

1. To fhake with cold or fear j to tremble* 


2. To fhake ; not to be folid or firm. 

QUAKE. /. [from the verb.] A fliudder; 

a tremulous agitation. Sucklings 

QUAKING-GRASS. /. An herb. 
QUALIFICA'TION. / [qualif cation, Fr. 

from qualify.'^ 

1. That which makes any perfon or thing 
fit for any thing. Sivift, 

2. Accompli fhment. Atterhury. 

3. Abatement; diminution. Rakigb, 
To QUALI'FY. 'v. a. [quaUfer, Fr.] 

J. To fit for any thing. Sivift, 

2. To furnifh with qualifications ; to ac- 
complifh. Sbakefpeare. 

3. To make capable of any employment 
cr privilege, 

4. To abate j to foften j to diminifh, 


5. To eafe ; to alTuage. Spenjer, 

6. To modify ; to regulate. Broivn. 
QUA'LITY. / [^qualita%^ Latin.] 

1. Nature rebtively confidered. Hooker. 

2. Property ; accident, Shakef. Bentiy. 

3. Particular efficacy. Sbakefpeare. 

4. Difpofition ; temper, Sbakefpeare. 

5. Virtue or vice. Dryden. 

6. Accomplifhment; qualification. Cbren. 

7. Charafler. Bacon. 

8. Comparative or relative rank. Temple. 
g. Rank ; fuperiority of birth or ftation, 

TO. Perfons of high rank. Pope. 

QUALM. /. [cealm, Saxon.] A fudden fit 
of ficknefs ; a fudden fcizure of fickly lan- 
guor. Donne. Rofcommon. Calamy, 

QUALMISH, fl. [from qualn:.] Seized with 
fukiv languor, Dryden. 

QUA'NDARY. / [cju'en dirai je, French. 
Skinner.'^ A doubt , a difficulty. 

QUA'NTiriVE a. [quant itiruui, Lat.] Efti- 
mable according to quantity. D;ghy. 

QUA'NTITY. j. Iquantite, Fr. quarituas, 

3. That property of any thing which may 
be encreafed or diminifhed. Cbeyne. 

2. Any indeterminate weight ci meafure. 

3. Bulk or weight. Dryden, 

4. A portion ; a part, Sbakfjpeare. 
c. A iarge portion. Arbutbnot. 

. 6. The meafure of time in pronouncing a 

fyllablr. Holder. 

^^'iVTC/M, /. [Latin.] The quantity; 

the amount. Sivift. 

QUA'RANTAIN. 7 j. [ quarantain, Fr ] 

QUA'RANTINE. 5 The fpace of forty 

da)s_, being the time whichafliip, fufpe<^cd 

of infefllon, is obliged to forbear in tercourfe 
or commerce. ' Sivift, 

QUA'RREL. /. [querei/c, French.] 

1. A brawl ; a petty fight ; a fcuffle. 


2. A difpute ; a conteft. Hooker, 

3. A caufe of debate. Fairfax. 

4. Something that gives a right to mifchief" 
or reprifal. Bacon, 

5. Objeflion ; ill will. Felton. 

6. In Sbakefpeare, it feems to fignify any 
one peevifli or malicious. 

7. [quadre/la, Italian.] An arrow with a 
fq ua re head . Camden, 

To QUARREL, 'v.n. [quere/Ier,Tr.] 
I, To debate; to fcuffle; to fquabble. 

a. To fall into variance. Sbakefp, 

3. To fight ; to combat. Dryden, 

4. To find fault ; to pick objedions. 


QUA'RRELER. / [from quarrel'\ He who 

QUA'RRELOUS. a. [quarelleux, French.] 
Petulant j eafiiy provoked to enmity. 


QUA'RRELSOME. a, [horn quarrel.] In- 
clined to brawls ; eafiiy irritated ; irafcible ; 
cholerick j petulant. Bacon, UEfir, 

QUA'RRELS'OMELY. ad. [from quarrel- 
fome,] In a quarrelfome manner ; petu- 
lantly ; cholerickly. 

QUA'RRELSOMENESS. /. [from quarrel- 
fome. j Cholcricknefs ; petulance. 

QUA'RRY. /. [quarre, French.] 

1. A fquare. Mortimer, 

2. [Sluaiireau, Fr.] An arrow with a fquare 
head. Sandys, 

3. Game flown at by a hawk, Sandys, 
4 A ftone mifie; a place where they dig 
Itones. Cieaveland. 

To QLTA'RRY. v. n. [from the noun.] To 
prey upun. L^Efirange, 

QUA'RRYMAN. /. [quarry 2.nA mo n.^ One 
who digs in a quarry. Woodivard, 

QUART, 7". [quart, Yitnch.^ 

1. The fnirth part ; a quarter. Spenfer, 

2. The fourth part of a gallon. Sbakefp. 

3. [S^uarte, Fr,] The veffel in whicii 
firon^ dnnk is commonly retailed, Sbakef, 

QUA'RTAN. /. [fdriiquart&na, Latin.] 
The fourth day ague. Broivn. Cleai-eland, 

QUARTATION. /. [from yadr/«;, Latin.] 
A chymical operation. Boyle, 

QUA'RTER. / [qu^rty quartier, French.] 

1. A fourth part, Burnet, 

2. A region of the ikies, as referred to the 
feaman's card. Jiddifon, 

3. A particular region of a town or coun- 
try > Spratt. 

4. The place where foldicrs aie lodged or 
ftationcd. SpeBator, 
c. Proper ftation, ' Milton., 

■ 6. Rc' 


Q^U E 

6. Remifllon of life j mercy granted by a 
conqueror. Clireniiot, 

7. Treatment fliown by an enemy. CoHi-.r, 

8. Friend/htp j amity ; concord. Shahfp. 

9. A meafurc of eight bufliels. Mcriimer. 

10. Fdlfe quarter is a cleft or chink in a 
quarter of a horfc's houf from top to but- 

To QUA'RTER v a. [from the noun.] 

1. Tr> divide into four parts. Shak'I'p. 

2. To divide j to break by force. Shakefp. 

3. To divide into diftinfl regions. Dry Jen, 

4. To Ration or lodge foldiers. Drydcn, 

5. To lodge J to fix on a temporary dwel- 
ling. Sh .ki peare, 

6. To diet. Hudibras. 

7. To bear as an appendage to the heredi- 
tary arms. Peacbam, 

QUA'RTER AGE. /. [from quarter.^ A 
quarterly allowance, Hudibrai. 

QUA'RTERDAY. /. f quarter and day. ] 
One of the four days in the year, on which 
rent or intereft is p^id. Addifon. 

QUA'RTERDECK. f. [quarter znd dsck.] 
The fhort upper deck, 

QUA'RTERLY. a, [from quarUr.'] Con- 
taining a fiurth part. Ho'd.r. 

OyAjRTERLV. ud. in a quarter of 
a ve jr. 

QUA'RTERMASTER. /, [quarter and maj 
ter.\ One who regulates the quarters of 
-foldiers. Tafler. 

QUA'RTERN:. /. A gill or the fourth part 
of a pint. 

QUA'RTERSTAFF. /. A ftafFof defence. 


QUA'RTILE. /. An afped of the pirners, 
when th.-y jre three figns or nin(.'ty degrees 
diftant from each uther. Ham. 

QUA'RTO. /. [quartus, Latin.] A book in 
which every fhtet, being twice dnuoied, 
makes four leaves. f'Fart!, 

To QUASH. 1/. a, [quajfen^ Dutch.] 

1. Tocrufh ; to fquerze. (Vulir. 

2. To (ubdue luddenly. RoJcomm:.n. 
3 To annul j to nullify ; to make void. 

To QUASH, -v. n. To be fhaken with a no-fe. 

QUASH. /. A p.impion. Ain[iiorth. 

Q^*A'iERCOU:)lN'S. Friends. 

QUATE'RNARY. /. [quaternarius, L^tin,] 

The nun-.ber four. Boyle. 

QUATE'RNION. /. [^^a/fr/j/o, Latin.] The 

number f ;ar. Ho der, 

QUATE'RHIIY./ [quatrnm, LiiUn.'] The 

number tour. Pr'.ivr, 

QUA'TR.ilN. /. fy«'/rflfr, Fr.] A ftanza 

ot fouj lines riiymng alternately. 
To QUA'VER. 1/. n. [cpavan, Sax< n.] 

1. To fhdke the voice j to fpeak or fing 
with a tremul ;u'. voice. ' Bacor. 

2. To tremb'e ; to vibrate. Nt-wf.r, 
QUAY. /. ['fuai,^j A key j an aiti- 

iicial bank 10 the fea or riv«r. 

QUEAN. /. [cpean, Sixoii j A wortJiJefs 
woman, eener.iiy a Aromp t. Dyden, 

QUEA'SINESS. /. [fr.m ^^.^jT"..] Thcfick^ 
n*;is ot a naufeatcd flomach. 

QUEA'SY. a, [of uncertain etymology.] 
1 S'ik with naufca. 

2. F<iilidious ; fqueamifli. Sbakefp^are, 

3. Caufing naufeourneff. ^hak^f^peare, 
lo QUECK.. v.n. To ihrinkj'to fhow 

P2!n. Bacon, 

Qi'EEM. /. [cp:n, Saxon.J The wife of a 

^ "g _ ^hokcfp:are. 

To QUEEN". V. «. To play the queen. 

QUEEN. APPLE. /. A fpecies of apple. 

QUEE'NING. /. An aople. Morimr. 

QUEER, a. Odd j ftrange 5 original ; par- 

f:'^"Jar. 6 pit! at or, 

QUEE'RLY. ad. [from queer.] P.rticular- 

iyj .'ddiv. 
Ql^EERNESS. /. [from ya^f^.] Oddnefs 5 

QUE'EST. /. [from quejlut^ t^t. Skinner.^ 

A nngriove j a kind of wild pjgeor^. 
To QUELL, -v. a. [cp^llap, Sdxrn ] To 

cruih; tofubduej ongmajiy, to k 11. 

T^ QUELL, n^. V. To die. i^penjer, 

QUELL. J. [ from the verb. J Murder, 

N't in ufe. Shake/p-are. 

QUE'LLER. /. fffom^«^//. ] One that 

cri'fhes .-.r fubdues. Mi. 'fort. 

^U£'L^UECUOSE. [French.] A r.ifle 5 

akKkfhiw. Donne, 

To Qt'EME. 'V. n. To ple.fc. 
To C^UbNCH. -v. a. 

1 ro txtiiig.i/h fi e. Sidney, 

2. Tolliiianjf pafTion or commoti>'n. 

Shak- p re, 

3. To allay thirft, >,.:th. 

4. To .ie(+r. y. Daviet, 
To QUENCH, -v. ft. To cool ; to growr 

C'o . .katejp:fire, 

QUENCHAB..E. a. [itom quench.] That 

rmy be quenched. 
Qy;-.'NCHER. /. [from Quench.] Ex'in- 

guifh' . 
QUENCHLESS, a. [hcxn querch.] Unex- 

tin?iji/h^b>v C'c/haiu. 

QUE'RELE. J. [qufh/j, LU. qucreJie, Fr.j 

A cc nif^ to a court. -^y^'ff-* 

QUE'i^ENT. / [queren-, Latin.] The cm- 

pl^nant ; the pJ jn^ff 
QUERIMO'NIOUS. a. [querimor.ia, Lit.] 

Querul DS ; con;p]a'ning. 
QUERIMO'.NIOUSLV. ad. [frmquerin-.o- 

rioui.] Queruloufly j wi'h complii .t. 

QL-ERIMCNIOUSNE S./. , fr m quenmo. 

ricus J'g lempfr. 
QUE'RIbT. /. [ fiom qua^rc, L?^ J An 

enquire r j an afker of qucft.ons. :<7u ft. 
5 F QUE.IN. 

Q^U E 

QjJ I 

QUERN"./, [cpecrin, Saxon.] A handmill. 

QUE'RPO. /. [ corrupted from cuerpo, 
SpanifT; ] A drefs clofe to the body j a 
WHiftcoar. Dry den. 

QUE'RRy, for equerry f. [ecuyer, Fr.J A 
grocm be!or,gii;g to a prince, or one con- 
verfanr in the king's flables. Bailey. 

QUE'RULOl'S. a. [ouerulus, Lat.] Mourn- 
ing ; hbitually complaining. Hoivel. 

QUERULOUSNESi^. /. [ from querulous, ] 
Habit or quality of complaining mourn- 

QUERY. / [from qua't, Lat.] A quef. 
tion ; ?n enqutrv to be tefoKed. Ntivton. 

To QUE'RY. -i/. a. [from the noun.] To 
a/k qucftions. Pope. 

QUES r. /. [quefie, Fr.] 

J. Search J aft of ft^king. Shakeffare. 
a. Aa empsneird jury. Sbakejptare, 

3. S-archers. Coileftively. Shahfpeart. 

4. Enqu'ry ; examination. Shahfp^are, 

5. Requeft j detlre ; felicitation, iierbtrt. 
To QUEST. 'V. n. [ q-uiter, Fr. fiom the 

nouM, j To go in fearch. 
QUE'STANT. / [fr.m quejier^ French.] 

Seker; endeavourer afttr. Sbakefp.are. 
QUii'STION. / IquarHo, Laiin.J 

I. Ifit«rrrog3tory ; anything enquired, Bae, 

a. Enquiry 1 difquifition. B 'Con. 

3. A difpute J a fuhjeft of debate* Jobn, 

4. Affair to be examined. iiivtfc. 

5. Doubt J controverfy j difpute. TH'o'Jon. 

6. Judicial tral Hckf, 

7. E<rfmination by torture. Aynffe. 

8. State of being the fubjeft of prefent eo- 
qui:y. ho k r. 

9. E'(1e3vour; fearch. Shakejp are. 
To QUE'STION. v. n. [from the n un. j 

I. To enquire. Boon, 

z. T debate by interrogatories. Sbakffp. 
TjQ^E'SIION. v. a. fuJiisnncr^Fr.] 

I, T-- oxamins orit b* que^Mons. Broivn. 

a. T'-' doubt J to be uncertain of. Prior. 

3, To have n^ confidence ia j to mention 

a? ni)t ro be trufted. South, 

QUE'S ■' lONABLE. a. [from quejlion ] 

J. Do'.ibtiul J dlfputshie. Baker. 

a. Sifpicioutj liable to fufpicion J 'iable 

to q f ft:on, iihakfpeare, 

QUE'c) ! JON ARY. a. [from quefiion.] En- 

qur.i/u ; >-.g qii^fi'ons. Pope. 

QU;.'iiIO.VABLEN'EbS /. [from que/Uor.] 

i ht qi iiicv of being qiieliionablc, 
QyE'SliONER. /. [fiom qucjiion.'] An 

QU? S ' iONLESS. ad. [ from quefian, ] 

C. r i it. ; Without doubt. South. 

QUE'SIMAN 7 /. Starter of law. 

QUE'STMONGER. i fuitsor profecutions. 


QU .STRIST. lUom quejf,] Seeker; pur- 

fuer, Sbakefpeare, 

QUE'STUARY. a. [from qua^us, Li tin,] 
Studious of profit, Broivn* 

QUIB. /. A farcafm j a bitter taunt. 


To Oyi'BBLE. i>. n. [from the noun] To 
pun J to play on the found of words. 


QUI'BBLE. /. [from quiMhet, Latin.] A 
low conceit depending on the found ©f 
words j a pun. JVatti, 

QUI'BBLER. /. [from quibble.'] A puntter. 

QUICK, a. [epic, Saxon.] 

I. Living; not dead. C9rnmon Prayer^ 

Z. Swift j nimble J done with celerity, 


3. Speedy j free from delay, Milton, 

4. Aftive j fpntely ; ready, Clarerdon, 
QUICK, ad. Nimbly j fpeedily j readily. 

QUICK. /, 

1. A live animal. Spenfer, 

a. The living flc/h j fenfible parts. Sharp, 

3. Living plants, Mortimer, 

QUI'CKBEAM, or quicker.tree. f. A fpc- 

cies of wild afh. Mortimer, 

ToQUrCKEN. V. a. [cpiccan, Sax.J 

I. To miike alive. Pfalmt. 

z. To haften 5 to accelerate. Haynvard. 

3, To fharpen j to afluate j to excite. 

To QUI'CKEN. -v. n, 

I. To become alive: as, a wowaw quickens 

nvitb cbild„ Sandys . 

z. To move with aftivity. Pep"* 

QUI'CKENER. /. [from quicken,!^ 

1. One who makes alive. 

a. That which accelerates ; that which 

aftuates, Mcre^ 

QUICKLIME /. [<rdf/x I'fW, Latin J quick 

and lime,] L'me unquenehed. /////, 

QLM'CKLY. ad. [ from quick, ] Nimbly ; 

)peed:ly ; aftively, 

QUI'CKNESS. /. [from quid,] 

I. Speed ; velocity; celerity, S^'utb, 

a. Aftivity ; bri/knefs, IVotton, 

3. Keen fenfibiiity. Locke, 

4. Sbarpnefs; pungency. Dryder„ 
QUi'CKSAND. /. [quick &iiifand.] Mov. 

w.i fand ; un!clid ground. Dryden, 

To QIJI'CKSET, -v. a. [quick and fd.] To 
plat)t wr.h living plants. ^1 ujpr, 

QUIfCKSET. y. [quick iti^pt.] Livingplant 
let to grow. Evelyn, 

QLICKSI'GHTED. a. [quick in6 figbt.] 
H'ving a rturp fight. BentU^, 

QUrCKSlGHTEDNESS. /. [(rom quick* 
Jifrbtcd.] Shsrpnefs of fight. 

QLTI'CKSILVER. /. [ quick and filver, ] 
^uickftl-ver, called mercury by the chy- 
mifts, is a naturally fluid mineral, and the 
heavieft of all known bodies next to gold, 
and is tiie more heavy and flui-d, as it is 
more pure j its nature is To homogene and 


Q^U I 

iimple, that it is a que/lion whether gold it- 
feJf be more fo : it penetrates the parts of all 
the other metals, renders them brittle, and 
in part difToives them : it is wholly voiatile 
in the fire, and may be driven up in vapour 
by a degree of hear very litle greater than 
that of boiling water : it is the leaft tena- 
cious of all bodies, and every fmaller drop 
may be again divided by the lighreft touch 
into a multitude of others, and is the moll 
divifible of all b' dies : the fpecifick gravity 
of pure mercury is to water as 14020 to 
ICCQ, and as it is the heavieft of all Huids, 
it is alfo the coldeft, and when hiated the 
hotreft : of the various ores, in which mer- 
cury IS found, cinnaber is the richeft and 
moft valuabe, which is extremely heavy, 
and of a bright and be-iutiful red colour: 
the ancients all efle; med qu-ckfilver a poi- 
fon, nor was it brought into internal ufe 
till ab.iut fwo hundred and twenty years 
agT, whirh was firft occafioned by the Hiep- 
herds, who ventured to give it their <heep 
to kill worms, and as they received no hurt 
by it, it was foon concluded, that men 
iright take it fdfely : in time, the diggers 
in the mires, when the-y found it crude, 
fwallowed it in vart quantities, in order to 
fell it privately, when they had voided it 
by ftool : but too free a ufe of fo powerful 
a medicine cannot be always without dan- 
ger. Htlh 

QUICKSILVERED, a. [from quichfihir.] 
Overlaid with quickfilver. Neivfon. 

S^I'D^M. f. [Latin.] Somebody. Sperfr. 

QUIDDANY. /. [juijj.n, German, a 
qumce.] Marmalade j confection of quinces 
made with fugar. 

QUI'DDIT. /. A fubtilty ; an equivocation. 


X. ElTence J that which is a proper anfwer 

to the queftion, quid eji ? di fcholailick term. 


Z. A trifling nicety ; a caviL Ccimden, 

QUI'ESCENCE. /. [from quiejco, Latin.] 
Reft J repofe. GlarfviUe, 

QUIE'SCENT. a. [^a/V^'cwr, Latin.] Reft- 
ing ; not being in motion j not movent j 
lying at rcpfife. Holder, 

QUrET. a. [q^iet, Fr. quietus, Latin.] 
I. Still; fite from difturbance. Spfvfer, 
a. Peaceable J not turbulent. i Pet. 

3. Still; not in motion. Judgei. 

4. Smooth; not ruffled. ShokeJ^cjrt. 
QL'IET. /. [^(/r I, Lain.] Rtft j repofe ; 

tranquillity. Hughes, 

To QUIXT. V. a. [from the noun] 

I. To calm j to lull j to pacify j to put 
to reft. Forbes, 

1. To ftill. Ucke. 

QUIETER./. [fromyi/A/.] Theperfcoor 
thing that (juictt. 

Oyi'ETISM. /. Tranquillity of m;'nL 

QlTl'ETLY. ad [from quiet.-\ 

I. Calmly J without violent emotio". 

t. Peaceably ; without offence. Earot, 
r{. At reft ; without agitation. 
QUI'F.TNESS. /. [from quiet.] 

1. Coolnels of temper. Sidnry, 

2. Peace; tranquillity. Shak'fp. Haytv, 
3 S iliiefs; calmnefs. 

Qyi'ETSOME. a. [fTomqurci.] Calm; 

liill ; undifturbed. Sp:nftr. 

Oyi'E rUDE. /. [quietude, Fr. from qutrt.\ 

Reft; repofe. IVotton. 

QVILL. /. 

J. The hard and ftrong feather of the wing, 

of which pens are made. Bacon, 

2. The inftrum:*nt of writing, Gjrib. 

3. P:ick or dart of a porcupine. A-huib, 

4. Reed on weavers wind their 
threads. Spenfer. 

5. The inflrument with which muficiaos 
ftrike their ftrings. D'yden, 

QlTl'LLET. /. [yK;t//;'if/, Latin.] Subtnty j 
niccry. I^tgby. 

QUILT. /. [ku'cbt, Dutch ; cu/citra, Lai.] 
A cover made by ftitching one cLth over 
another with fome foft fubftance between 
them. Pcfie, 

To QUILT, v. a. [ from the noun. ] To 
ftit(h one cloth upon another with fome- 
thing foft between them. Sf.en''er, 

QUl'NARY. a. [q Ulnar tus,L^t,] C.-nfiil- 
ing of five. Boyle, 

QUINCE. /. [quidden, German.] 

I. The tree. Miller » 

a. The fruit. Peacbam, 

To QUINCH. V. n. To flir ; to fl, u.icc as 
in refentment or pain. Spnjer, 

OyiNCU'NClAL a. [frnm q'Jncurx.^ Hav- 
ing the form of a quincunx. Rjy, 

S^n'NCUNX. f. [Latin. { Quincunx oiAtt 
is a plantation of trees, difpoled originally 
in a fq'iare, confifting of five trees, cne aC 
each corner, and a fifth in the middle, 
which difpofition, repeated again and again, 
forms a rrgolar grove, wood t.r wildernefs. 

^lN^lAGE^l\^jl. [Latin.] Q^iinqua- 
gcfim^ lunday, fo called becaufe ic is the 
filtieth ddy before Eaftcr, reckoned by 
whole numbers ; fhrove funday. D/<.7, 

QUINQLTA NGULAR. a. ^ quin:jue ^nd an. 
^ulus, Lit. I Hjvir.g five c;.rnrrs. IVoodiv, 

OyiQL'ARTi'CULAR. a. [qiinque and ar- 
luluiy Latin.] C->nfiftii)g ol five articles. 

S 'fderforr, 

QUrNQUEFID. a. [ quinque and frdo, 
Latin.] Cloven in five. 

OyiNQUEFO'LlATED a. [quirque And/o. 
liurr., Latin.] Haviug five le.»vcs. 

QLINQUE-NNIAL. «. [quinqutnnis, Lat.] 
5 F a Lifting 


a.u o 

L^'fting five years : happening once in five QUITE, ad. Completely ; pcrfeaiy. Hooier 

^ears. ' » ^* " QUi'TRENT. /. [quit and rent.] Small rent 

QUINSY. /. r corrupted from /'f/'«^''0'] A -eferved. ^ Temple. 

tumid mflam'rDation in the thrust. I>^y^«- QUITS, »«^r/. [from yar^] An exclama- 

QULvf r. /. [(Sii'"r, French.] A fe£ of five. tion ufed when any thing is repayed and the 

^ ' ' Hudibras. parties become even. 

quintain, fttnch.] A ^oi\. QUi'TTANCE. /. [^«/m««, French.] 

Oyi'NTAlN , , 

w ;h a turn ng p. Sbakefpcare. 

OyiNTE'SSKNCE. /. {quintaeJDentia,L^\..^ 

1. A fifth bei.r. Davies. 
a. An extrad frvm any thing, containing 
all its viftues in a fmai) quanity. 

Donrje. Boyle. 

QUINTE'SSENTIAL. a. \ from quimef- 
f^r.ce.j C-nfiftin-i -f q'^'^teffence. Haieio. 

QijlNTiN. /. An upr,ght poft, op the top 
of w'lich a crofs poft corned upon a pin, at 
one end of the crufs poft was a b.04d b..ard, 
and ar the other a heavy fand bag; the 
play was to ride againft the broad end with 
' a lance, and pafs by before ihe land bag 
flj Mild flrike thr tiiier on the back. 

Ben Jobnjorii 

OyiN TUPLE. / {quintupius, Latin,] Five- 
,,,](^^ Craunt, 

QUIP.* f. A fharp jeft j a taunt ; a f^rcafm. 

^ Milton. 

To QUIP, v.a. To lally with better far- 
caims. Jinfivorth, 

QUIRE /. [chceur, Fr. cbaro, Italian.] 
J. A body of fingers ; a chorus. Sbukefp. 

2. Ths part of the church where the fer- 
-vice is fung. Clea-veland.^ 

3. [Cahi r, Fr.] A bundle of paper con- 
fiftiob- ot twenty four fheets. 

ToQUiRE. v.ti. [from the noun.] Tofing 
in ccnc^rt. Shahfpeare. 

Oyi'RISTER. /. [from qw're.] Choriftcrj 
one who in conce.t, generally in di- 
vine fervice. Ihomjon, 

quirk:. /. 

1. Quuk ftrokej fharp fit. 

2. Smart taunt. 

■a. Subtilty ; nicety j artful diitinf^inn. 
-* D.c^yofPtety, 

4. Loofe light tune. Pop'- 
To QUIT. "v.a. part. pafT. qu!t\ pret. I 

have quit or quitted, [quiter ^ French.] 
I. lo diicharge an obligation j to make 
even. Denbam, 

g. h fet free. Taylor. 

3. To carry through j to difcharge j to per- 
iorm. -D.'/J/V/. 

4. To clear himfelf of an affair. Milton i 

5. To repiy ; fo requite. 8hak 

6. To vaca'e ob!ig;u:on?. B, 

7. To pay aaobiigation j to clear a debt j 
to be tantamo"nt- Tmp'e. 
g. rContradleil from a(^«?>.] Toabfolvej 
t) acquit. Fairfax. 

9. lo abandon -, to fcifake. Ben. John en. 

10. Torefign; tog.veup. frior. 

QUi'TCHGRASS /. i<^V^z<i, Saxon.] Dr,g 




1. Difcharge from a debt or obligation; 
an acquittance. Sbakefpeare, 

2, Recompencej return j repayment. 


To QUI'TTANCE. -v. a. [from the noun.] 
Torep;-yj to recom pence. Shakejp, 

QUI'TTER. /. A deliverer. 

QUi'TTERBONE. /. A hard round fwel- 
ling upon the coronet, between the heel 
and the quarter, Farrier''s DiSi, 

Oyi'VER. /. A cafe for arrows. Spenfer, 

QLT'VER. a. Nimble j adive. Sbakefp. 

To QUl'VER. -v. «, 

1. To quake J tc3 play with a tremulous 
motion. Gay. 

2. To ihiver j to fliuddcr. Sidnty, 
OyrVERED, a. [from qui-ver.] 

i. Furni/hed with a quiver. Milton. 

2. Sheathed as in a quiver, Pcpe. 

To QUOB, V. n. To move as the embryo 

does in the womb. DiEi, 

9^0'DLIBET, f. [Latin.] A nice point 5 

a fubtilty. . Prior. 

QUO'DLIBETA'RIAN. /. [quodlibet, Lat.] 

One who talks or difputes on any fubjeft. 
QUODLIBE'TICAL. a. [quodltbet. Latin.] 

Not reftrainedto a particular fubjeft. Di^. 
QUOIF, /. [coeffe, French.] 

1 . Any cap with which the head is covered. 
See Coif. Hbakejpeare. 

2. The cap of a ferjeant at law. 

To QUOIF. v.n. [fo<?/f/-, French.] To 
cao j to drefs with a head-drefs. Addijon, 

QudlFFURE. /. [«^/arf, French.] Head- 
drefs. Addijon. 

QUOIL. /. See Coil. 

QUOIN. /. [coin, French.] Corner. Sandys, 

QUOIT. /. [co(te, Dutch.] 

1. Something thrown to a great diftance to 
a certain p'int, A'^butbnot. 

2. The difcus of the ancients is fometimes 
cjiiltd in Engiifli quoit, but improperly. 

To QUOIT, 'v, n. [ from the noun, j To 
thr.iw quoits j to play at quoits. Dryden. 

To QUOIT. 1/. a. To<hrow. Sbakefp, 

^u'A'DAM. [Latin.] Having been for- 
merly. Sbakefpeare, 

QUOOK. preterite of quake. Obfoiete. 


S^O'RVM. f [Latin.] A bench of juftices ; 
Juch J number of any officers as is fuffici- 
ent to do bofinefs. Addifon. 

QUO'TA. /. [yfvcfwj, Latin.] A ihare ; a 
proportion as ailigritd to each. Addifon^ 

QUOTA'TION. /. [ixoxY^ quote.] 
I, The a^ of quoting j citation. ^ 

2. P.i(rag(j 


2. PaiT'ge adduced out of an autho'ir as 
evidence or illuftration. Locke. 

To QUOTE, v.a. [<^uoter, Yrench.] To 
cite in autbour; to adduce the words of 
another. fVhttgifte. 

QUO'TER. /. [from quote."] Citer; he that 

q.i tes. Altirbury. 

QUOTH, verb. imptrfeS^ [cpo^an, Saxon.] 

:^oth /, fay I or fald I j ^uotb be, fays he 

or fdid he. jiudibras. 

O U O 

QUOTI'DIAN. a. [quotidien, Fr. quoti£- 
dUBJ^ Latin.] Daily j happening every day, 


QUOTI'DIAN. /. [febriiquotidiann, Lat ] 
A quotidian fever j a fever which icturns 
every day. Skjkefpeare^ 

OyO'TIENT. /. \quoties, Lattn.] In arith- 
inetick, quotient is the number produce<f 
by the divilion of the Cwo given numbers 
the one by the other, Coti<T« 



R A C 

RIs called the canine letter, bec.mfe 
it is uttered with fomerefcrrblance 
^ to the growl or fnarj of a cur : ic 
J has one conftant found in Eng- 
lifh ; as red, to e^ more, muriatick : in words 
derived from the Greek, it is followed by 
an b, rhapsody. 
To RA'BATE. «/. H. [rahatre, French.] In 
falconry, to recover a hawk to the fift 
again. Ainjtvortb. 

To RA'BBET. v. a. [rabatre, Fr.] To pare 
down pieces of wood fo as to fit one ano- 
ther. Moxon. 
RA'BBET. /. [from the verb.] A joint made 
by paring two pieces fo that they wrap over 
one another, Mox:n, 
RA'BBI. 7 /. A doflor among the Jews. 
RA BBIN. 5 Cjtnden. 
RA'BBIT. /. [rcobbekin, Dutch.] A furry 
animal that lives on plants, and burrows in 
the ground. Sbakefpeare. 
RABBLE. /. [rabula, Latin.] A tumultu- 
ous croud j an aflembJy of low people. 

RA'BBLEMENT. /. [from rabble.] Croud j 
tumultuous affcmbly of mean peopl', 

RA'BID. a. [rabidusyhiun.] Fierce j furi- 
ous ; mad. 
RA'BINET. /. A kind of imaller ordnance. 
RACE. /. {race, Fr. from radice, Latin.] 
J. A family afcending, 

2. Family defcending. AJi'.tcn, 

3. A generation j a colle£live family. 


4. A particular breed. Milton. 

5. Race of ginger, A root or fprig of 

R A C 

6. A particular flrcngth or tafle of wine. 


7. C 'nteft in running. MiUon, 

8. Courle en the feet. Bacon. 

9. IVogrefs J courfe, Mitton, 

10. Train 5 procefs. Bacon, 
RA'CEHORbE. /. [race and harje.] Horfe 

bred ;o run f(;r prizes. Addifon ■ 

RACEMA'TION. /. [racemui,Lit.] Cluf- 

ter I'ke that of grapes. Broiun, 

RACEMIFEROUS. a. [rac^mus iudfero, 

L'tin.] Beir.ngcluftcrs. 
RA'CER. /. [from race.] Runner j one that 

contends in fpeed. Do'pt, 

RA'CINESS, /. [itomracy.] Thequalityof 

being racy. 
RACK. /. [racke, Dutch, from raiken, to 


1. An engine to tr>rture. Taylor, 

2. Torture i extreme pain. Temple, 

3. Any inftrunitiiC by which extent'^on is 
performed. Wiiktm, 

4. A duhffj commonly a portsble dirtafF, 
trom which they fpin by twirling a ball. 

Dry den. 

5. The clouds as they sre driven b\ the 
VI. nd. Slakefpearc, 

6. A neck of mutton cut for t;.e table. 

7. A grate. 

8. A wooden grate in which hay is placed 
for cattle. 

9. Arrack j a fpirltuous liquor. 

To RACK. v. n. [from the noun.] Toftrcam 
as cicuos before the wind. Sbjkeiptare, 

To RACK. V. <j. [from the noun, j 

1. To torment by the rack, Drydfr, 

2. To torment J to harrals. Mi (on. 

3. To harrals by exadlion. Spin er, 

4. To 


4. To fcrew j to force to performance 


5. To ftretch j to extent^. Shakefpsare. 

6. To defecate j to draw offfrom the Jees. 

RACK-RENT. /. [rack and rent.] Rent 

raifed to the uttermoft, Szw/t. 

RACK-RENTER. /. [rack and revter.] 

Oae who pays the uttetrnoft rent, Locke, 
RA'CKE T. /. 

J. A ij ii regular clattering nnife. Sbakifp. 

2. Aconfufcd talk, in builefque language. 

3. The Inftrument with which players 
itrike thr ball. D:gby. 

Racking. /. Racking pace of a horfe is 
the (ame as an amble, only that it is a 
fwiftc' time and a fhorter tread. 

RA'CKOON. /. A New England animal, 
like a badger, having a tail like a fox, be- 
ing cloathed with a thick and deep furr. 

RACY, a. Strong J flavorous j tefting ®f 
the foil. Coivky. 

RAD. the old pret of r.?ad, Spenjer. 

RAD. Red and rody differing only in dialett, 
fignify counfel j as Conrad, powerful or 
flcilful in counfel 5 Ethelred, a noble coun- 
fellor. Gibfon, 

RA'DDOCK, or ruddock. /. A bird. 


RA'DIANCE. 'If, [radlare, Litm.] Spa»k- 

RA'DIANCY. 5 ling lurtre j glitter. 


RA'DIANT. a. [radians, Latin.] Shining; 
brightly fparklingj emitting rays, MUton, 

To RA'DIATE. v. r. [radio, Latin. J To 
emit rays 5 to (hine. Boy'e, 

RA'DIATED. a. [radiatu5,Lziin.~^ Adorn- 
ed with rays. Jlddifon. 

RADIATION. /. [radiatioy Latin.] 

1. Bsanny luflre \ emiiTion of rays. Baitrit 

2, Emiflion from a center every way. 

RA'DICAL. a. [radical, French,] 

I. Primitive; original. Bevthy, 

a. Implanted by nature, Wilkini, 

3 Serving tfi origination. 
RaDICALITY. 7. [ixom radical'] Origi. 

nation. Broiun. 

RA'DICALLY. ad. [from radical.] Origi- 
nally ; primiiivtly. Prior. 
RA'DICALNESS. /. [from radical.] The 

ftate of being radical. 
TuRA'DICAFE. V a. [radicatu^, Latin.] 

To ruot j to plant deeply and fiimly. 

RADICA'TION. /. [from radical ] The 

a<a of fixing deep. Hammond. 

RA'DICLE. /. [radicuL-^ French, from ra- 

d;x, L^rin.j Siuincy. 

RA'DISH./. [rasc'ic, S?xon.] A root which 

n commonly cultivated m the kitchen- 



RA'DIUS, f. [Latin.] 

1. The femi-diameter of a circle. 

2. A bone of the fore-arm, which accom- 
panies the ulna from the elbow to the 

To RAFF. V. a. To fweep 5 to huddle. 


To RA'FFLE. v. n. [raffia r, to fnatcb, 
French.] To caft dice tor a prize. Tathr, 

RA FFLE. / [rajle, French.] A fpecies of 
game or lottery, in which many ftake a 
fmall part of the value of fome fiiigle thing, 
in confideration of a chance to gain it. 


Raft. /. a frame or float made by laying 
pieces of timber crofs each other. Sbakefp. 

RAFT. part. palT. of nave or rjff, Spenjtr, 
Torn ; rent. 

RA'FTER./. [jixptefi, Sax.r^//5r,Dutch.] 

The fecondary timbers of the houfe j the 

timbers which are let into the great beam, 


RA'FTERED. a. [itomrafter,] Built with 
rafters. Pope, 

RAG. /. [bjtico*&e, torn, Saxon.] 

1. A piece of cloth torn from the reft ; a 
tatter. Milton. 

2. Any thing rent and tattered j worn out 
cloaths. Sandys, 

3. A fragment of drefs. Hudibras, 
RAGAMUFFIN./, [from r^^.] A paltry 

mean fellow. 
RAGE. /. [rage, French.] 

1. Violent anger ; vehement fury. Shake/, 

2. Vehemence or exacerbation of any thing 
painful. Bacon, 

To RAGE, v, n. [from the noun.] 

1. To be in fury j to be heated with ex- 
ceflive anger. Mi/ton, 

2. To ravage j to cx?rcife fu.'^y. Waller. 

3. To aft with mift;hievvus impetunfity. 

Mi ton. 
RA'GEFUL. tf. [r'geznA full] Furious; 
violent. Hammond, 

RA'GGED, a. [from rag.^ 

1. Rpnt into tatters. u^rhutbnot. 

2. Uneven ; confuting ofparts alnioft dif- 
unitt'd. Sbakcfpeare, 

3. DrffTcd in tatters. Drydcn, 

4. Rugged ; j)Ot fmooth. L''Ejirange, 
RA'GGEDNh.SS. /. [from ra^g^d.] State 

of being dreffcd in tat'.ers. Skahijfcare, 
RA'GINGLY. fl^. [from raging] With 

vehement fury. 
RA'GMAN. /. [rag^n^man,] One who 

deals in rags. 
RAGOU'T. J. [French.] Meat flewed and 

hiohiy feafoned. Addifon, 

RAGWORT /. [rag zni Ivor t.] A plant. 

RA'GSTONE. /. [rag an<i/lof,e.] 

1. A ftone lb named from its breaking in 

a ragged manner, Woo^ivard, 

2. The 

R A I 

». The ftone with which they fmooth the 
edge of a tool new ground and lett ragged. 
Rail. /. [riegcl, German.] 

1. A ciofy beam fixed in the ends , at two 
upright p')fts. Moxon. 

2. A fcries of ports connefled with bcums, 
by which any thing is inclofed. Bacon. 
3- Akndofbird. Carew, 
^. A woman's upper garment. 

To RAIL. 1-. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To indole with rails. A<idifon. 

2. To range in a line. Baion. 
To RAIL, v.n, [ralkn, Dutch.] To ufe 

inlblent and reproachful language. 

RAI'LER. /. [from rM!.] One who infults 

or defames by opprobnoub langu-age. Sow.b. 
RAILLERY./. [r^./Ar/c, French.] Slight 

fatire ; fatiricaJ merriment, B, Jobrjar. 
RAI'MENT /. Vefturcj veftment 5 cloaths; 

drefi ; garment. Sidtty. 

ToRATN. 1/. If, [penian, Saxonj regemn, 


1. To fall in drops from the clouds. 


2. To fall as rain. Miiion, 

3. // Rains. The water falls from the 
cjouds. iikakifpeare. 

To RAIN, V. a. To pour down as ram. 


RAIN.y. [pen, Saxon.] The moifture that 
falls frnm the clouds. iValler. 

RAINBOW./. [raimnAbon.] The iris i 
the rcmicircle uf van. -us colours which ap- 
pears in fliowery weai^her. Sbjk'fp. N.iut. 

RAINDEER. [hjiannp, Saxon; rarg,fer^ 
Latm.] A deer with large horns, which, 
in the northern regions, draws fledges 
through the fnjw. 

RAININESS./, [frcm rairy.^ The fiate 
of being fhowery. 

RAINY", a. [from rd/r.] Shc\vtiy ; wet, 


To RAJSH. v. a. [r-ipr, D:nn'h.j 

1. Tj lift j to hejve. Popt. 

2. To fet upright : as, bs raifed a m.^ji, 

3. To ere^l j to build up. j'o,. viii. 

4. To ex-iit to a flate more great or lilu- 
ftriour. Bacjr. 

5. To amplify J to cnla-ge. Shak fye-irf, 

6. To incieafe jn cunent value. i'em:!e. 

7. To elevate J tocxajr, P/iir. 
i{. To advance J to promote j to prefer. 


9. Tf excite 5 to put in aftion. M hor, 

10. To excite to war or tumult ; to Hir 
up. Shakefpture, ^Jc7ixxiv. 

11. To reufe ; to ttir up. Job. 

12. To give beginning to: as, be raifed 
t be family. 

13 To biing in'o being. ^rrci ii. II, 

14 To call into view Irora the ftate of fe- 
parate fpirils., 


15. To bring from death toYiie.Rom, i».»5, 

16. To occafion J to begin. B'tivn, 

17. To fee up ; to utter loudly. Drydtn, 
l3. To colle£l j to obtain a Certain fum. 


19. To coIlc£l } toafl"emblej to levy. 

xo. To Rive rife to. Mi ton, 

21. 'ToRaisi. pa/ie. To form pafte into 
pics without a di/h, i>j>tS .tor» 

RATHER. /. [from rjf/ir,] He that railes. 


R AI SIN /. [racemus, Lat, rai^ti, Frenf h. j 
Ratjirt are the fruit of the vine fuf^cred to 
remain on the tree till perfectly ripened, 
and then dried either by the fun or the 
heat of an oven : grapes of every kind, 
prefeived in this manner, are called raifins, 
but thoie dried in the fun are much fwcerer 
and pleifanter than thofe dried in ovens. 

RAK.E. /. [flice, Sixon; raabe, Dutch.] 
I. An inftrument with teeth, by wh'ch 
the ground is divided. Dryd:n, 

a. \_Rtkel, Dutch, a worthlefs cur dog. J 
A loo!>, dif-)rderly, vicious, wild, gay, 
thoughtlcfs fellow. Pope, 

To RAKE. v.a. ffiooi the noun.] 

1. To gather with a rake. May, 

2. To clear with a rake. Thomjor., 

3. To draw together by violence. Hooker, 

4. T jfcour } t.) fearch with eager and ve- 
hement diligence. iiivift, 

5. To heap together and cover, Sucklmg, 
To RAKE. V. n. 

1. To fearch J to grope. Scvlh, 

2. To pafs with Violeni e. Sidney, 
RA'KER. f. [from rah.] One that rakes. 
RA'K-EHELL. /. [racailU^ Fr. therjbble ; 

from rekely Dutch, a mongrel d)g.j A 
wild, worthlefs, diliblute, debauched, for- 
ry fell, w, Spenfer, 

RAKEHELLY, ad, [from rakehtll.] Wild j 
difroiute. B. "Jobr.on. 

RA'.'vbH. a. [from rdi^,] Ljofe j lewd j 

To RA'LLY. v. a. [rallier, French.] 

1. To put difordcred or difperfed force* 
into order. Aiterbury. 

2. To treat with flight conteinptj to trt-at 
with fjtirical merrimSnt. Addifon. 

ToRA'LLY. I'.n. 

1. To come together in a hurry, Tillotfon, 

2. To come again into order. Dryden. 

3. To exercife fatJrical merriment. 
RAiVI. /. Ifl-MTi, Saxon j rarrj, Dutch.] 

1. A male flieep j in fome provinces, a 
tup. Peacbia. 

2. An infl^rument with an iron head to- 
batter WdUs. Sbakcjpeare, 

To RA.M. V. a. 

1. To drive with violencf, as with a bat- 
tering ram. Bacov. 

z. To 


2. To fill with any thing driven hard to- 
gether, Hayzvard, 

To RA'MBLE. v. n. [rammelen, Dutch.] 
To rove ioofely and irregularly j to wan"- 
der, Locke, 

RA'MBLE. /. [from the verb.] Wandering 
irregular excuifion. Swift. 

RA'MBLER. /. [from taml;k,] Rover j 

RA'MBOOZE. 7 A drink trade of wine, 

RA'MBUSE. S 3le, eggs and fugar. BaiUy. 

KAfMENTS. /. [ramenla, Latin.] Scrap- 
ings ; /havings, Di&. 

RAMIFICATION. /. {ramification, Fr.] 
Divifion or feparation into branches j the 
aft of branching out. Hale, 

To RA'MIFY. -v. a. [ramifier, French.] 
To feparate into branches. Boyle. 

To RAMIFY, -y. fj. To be parted into 
branches. Aibuthnot. 

RA'MMER. /. [from ram.^ 

1. An inftrument with which any thing is 
driven hard. Mcxon. 

a. The flick with which the charge is 
forced into the gun, Wijeman. 

RA'MMISH. a. [from ram.l Strong fcent- 

RA MOUS, a. [from ramui^ Lat.] Branchy ; 
confrlling of branches. hleioton. 

To RAMP. V. ». {rawper^ French.] 

1. To leap with violence. Spenfen 

2. To climb as a plant. Hay. 
RAMP. /. [from the verb,] Leap ; fpring, 

RAMPA'LLIAN. /. A mean wretch. 

RA'MPANCY. /. [from rampant.-\ Preva- 
lence J exuberance. South, 
RA'MPANT. a. [rampart, French] 

1. Exuberant j overgrowing rellraint. 


2. [In hf.rz\dity, '[Rampant is when the lion 
5s rearfd up in the efcutcheon, as it were 
ready to combate with his enemy. Peach. 

To RA'MPART. 7 <». a. [from the noun.] 
ToRA'MPIRE. JTo fortify with ram- 
parts, , Hayivard. 
RA'MPART. 7 , r . , r u i 

Ra'mpire. I f' ^''"f'^'^ ^''"'^-^ 

1, The platform of the wall behind the 


a. The wall round fortified places. 

Beti. Johrjon. 
RA'MPIONS. /. [rapunculus, Latin.] A 

plant. Mortimer, 

RA'MSONS. /. An herb. Aifijwortb. 

RAN. preterite of run, ylddifon. 

To RANCH, v. a. [from ivrench.] To 

fprain j to injure with violent contortion. 

RA'NCID, a. [rancidus, Latin.] Strong 

fcented. ArbutbitQt, 

RA'NCIDNESS? /. [from rawW.] Strong 
RANCIDITY, i fcent, as of old oil. 


RA'NCOROUS. a. [from rancour.-] Ma- 
lignant} malicious J fpitcful in the urmoft 
tJegree. Sbakeipeare. 

RA'NCOUR, /, [ramceur, old French, j la- 
vetCTate malignity ; malice j ftedfaft im- 
piac'abilicy 3 ftanding hate. Spenjer, 

RAND. /'. [rand, Dutch.] Border ; feam. 

RANDOM./, [randon, French.] Want of 
direftion ; want of rule or method; 
chance ; hazard ; roving mntion. Milton, 

RANDOM, a. D ne by chance j roving 
without dired^ion. D'yden. 

RANG, preterite oi ring. Grew, 

To RANGE. V a. [ranger, French,] 

1. To place in order, to put in ranks. 


2. To rove over. Gay, 
To RANGE, -v. n. 

X. To rove at large. ^^baiefpeare, 

2. To be placed in order. Shakefpeare, 
RANGE./, [rang/e, French,] 

1. A tank j any thing placed in a line. 


2. A clafs J an order. Hah, 

3. Excurfjon ; wandering. South. 

4. Room for excuifion, Addifon, 

5. Compafs taken in by any thing excur- 
five. Pope, 

6. Step of a ladder. Clarendon, 

7. A kitchen grate. ISpenJer, 
RA'NGER. / [from range.] 

1. One that ranges j a rover j a robber, 


2. A dog that beats the ground. Gay, 

3. An officer who tends the game of a 
fore ft. Dry den, 

RANK. a. [pane, Saxon.] 

1. High growing J ftrongj luxuriant. 


2. Fruitful; bearing ftrong plants. 6'afl£(yi. 

3. [Ranciduiy Latin.] Strong fcented j 
rancid. Sbahfpeare, 

4. High tafted ; ftrong in quality. Ray, 

5. Rampant J high grown. Shakefpeare, 

6. Grofs 5 coarfc. Siuifr„ 

7. The iron of a plane is fet rank, when 
its edge ftands fo flat below the fole of the 
plane, that in working it will take off" a 
thick /having. Moxon, 

RANK. /. [rang, French.] 

I. Line of men placed a-bteaft. Sbjkefp, 

a. A row, Milton, 

3. Range of fobordination, Locke, 

4. Clafs ; order. Atterbury, 

5. Degree of dignity. Addifon, 

6. Dignity ; high place : as, he i% a man 

To RANK. v.a. [r^r^fr, French,] 

1. To place a-brtafl. Milton^ 

z. To raoge in any particular clafs. 

3. To arrange mcthGdically, MUon. 



To RANK. V. .1, To be ringed ; to be 
placed. ' Tate, 

To RANKLE, v. n. [from rank.] To fe- 
fter J to breed corruption ; to be inflamed 
in body or mmd. Spenfer. Sandyt. 

RA'NKLY. ad. [from rank.] Cojrfely } 
grofly. Shakefpeare. 

RA'NKNESS./. [from rank.] Exuberance j 
fuperfluity of growth. Sbakelp:are. 

RA'NNV /. The fhrewmoufe. B>o-.on. 

To RA'NSACK. 1/. a. [jian, Saxon, and 
jaka, Svvedi/lij to fearch for or feize.] 

1. To plunder ; to pillage. Dryden, 

2. To fearch narrowly. JFoodiuard, 

3. To violate J to deflower. Spenjer. 
RA'NSOME. /. [rarcon, French.] Price 

paid for redemption from captivity or pu- 
nirtiment. Tilbtfon. 

To RA'NSOME. v. a. [ran^onner, French.] 
To redeem from captivity or punifhment. 

RA'NSOMELESS. a. [fr«m ranfome.] Free 
from ranfome. Shakejpeare. 

To RAXT. v. n. [rjnjcrty Dutch, to rave.] 
To rave in violent or high founding lan- 
guage, St:llingjlect. 

RANT. /. [from the verb] High founding 
language. Gran'vilU, 

RA'NTER. /. [from rant,] A ranting fel- 

RA'NTIPOLE. a. Wild } roving ; rakifh. 

To RA'NTIPOLE. v. n. To run about 

wildlv. Arbutbnot, 

BA'NULA. f. A foft fwelling, poffeffing 
thofe filivals under the tongue. JVifcman, 

RANU'NCULUS. /. Crowfoot. Mortimer. 

To RAP. -v. 71, [hfijeppan, Saxon,] To 
ftrike with a quick fmart blow, Addijon, 

To RAP. -v. a. 

T. To affefl with rapture ; to ftrike with 
extafy j to hurry out of himfcif. Hooker. 

z. To fnatch away. Milton, 

To RAF and rend. To feize by violence. 

RAP. /. [from the verb.] A quick fmart 
blow. Arbutbnat, 

RAPA'CrOUS. a. [rapace, French ; rj/ux, 
Latin.] Given to plunder j fe zing by vio- 
lence. Pipe. 

RAPA'CIOUSLY. ad. [from rapacious.] 
Byraoinej by violent robbery, 

RAPA'CIOUSNESS. /. [from rjpjcicus.] 
The quality of being rapacious, 

RAPACITY. /. [rapacitas, Latin.] Ad- 
didednefs to plunder; exercifc of plu.ider; 
ravenoufnefs. Sprntt. 

RAPE. /. [raptus, Latin.] 

J. Violent defl'jratiun of chaftity. Sbaksfp, 

2, Privation ; ad of taking away. Chcp, 

3. Something fnatched away. Sandys. 
4^. Whole grapes plucked from the duHcr. 


R A R 

5. A plant, from the feed of which oil Is 

RA'PID. a. [, French.] Qnick ; fwift. 

RA'PIDITY. /. [rapidite, French.] C;'c- 

rity ; velocity j fwiftnefs. Addijon, 

RA'PIDLY. ad. [from rapid.] Swiftly 5 

with quick motion. 
RA'PIDNESS. /. [i'.^m rapid.] Ctlerity; 

RA'PIER. /. A fmall fword ufed ofily in 

thrufling. Ps^^. 

RAPIER FISH. /. Ihtf.jh called xiphiast 

the fwcrd, which grows level from the 

fnout of the fi/h, is about a yard long j he 

preys on fiflies, having firll ftabbed them 

with this fword. Grtic, 

RA'PINE. /. \rapina, Latin.] 

1. The aft of plundering. King CbarU:, 

2. Violence J force. Milton, 
RA'PPER. /. [from rjp.] One whoftrikes. 
RA'PPORT. /. [repport, French.] Rela- 
tion; reference., 

To RAPT. -y. n. To ravifh j to put in ec- 
ftafy. Chapman, 

RAPT. f. [from rap.] A trance. 

1, Ecftafy ; tranfport j ^violence of any 
pleafi.'.g paflion. ' Addifon, 

2. Rapidity j ha/le. Milton, 
•RA'PTURED. a. [from rapture.] Ravifh- 

ed J tranfported. A bad word. Tlcmfon, 
RA'PTUROUS. a. [from rapture.] Ecfta- 

tick ; tranfporting. Collier, 

RARE. a. [rams, Latin.] 

1. Scarce; uncommon. Slakejptare, 

2. Excellent; incomparable; valuable to 
a degree feldom found. Coivley, 

3. Thinly fcattered. M:lton. 

4. Thin ; fablle ; not denfe. Newton^ 

5. Raw ; not fully fubdued by the fire. 


RA'REESHOW. /. A fliow carried m a 
box. Gay, 

RAREFA'CTION./. [rarefaaion, French.] 
Extenfion of the parts of a body, that 
makes it take up mote room than it did 
before. JVotton, 

RARETIABLE. a. [from rarefy.] Admit- 
ting rarefaftion. 

Td RA'REFY. v. a. [rarrfer, French.] 
To make thin : contrary to condenfc. 


To RA'REFY. v, n. To become thin. ' 


RA'RELY. ad, [from rare.] 

1. Seldtm; not often ; not frequently. 

2. Finely; nicely; accurately. Sbakefp, 
RARENESS. /. [rroni rare.] 

I. Uncommonnefs ; ftate of happening fel- 
dom ; infrequeacy. 

2« Value arifing from fcarcity, BaCcn, 

R A S 

RA'RITY. /. [rarlte, Fr. rar'itas, Lat.] 

1. Uncommonnefs } infreqiiency, Sptci't. 

2. A thing valued for its Icarcity, l^bakefp, 

3. Thinncfs j lubtlety ; the contrary to 
denfity. ^ Bentlny, 

RA'SCAL. /. [jiapcal, Sixon, a lean bsaft.] 
A mean fellow } a fcoundrel. Dryden. 

RASCA'LION. /. One of the loweft people. 

RASCALITY. /. [from /-a/ca/.] The low 
mean people. South. 

RA'SCALLY. a. [from rafcal'^ Mean ; 
wcrthlcfs. Suift. 

To RASE. v. a. 

1. To fkim J to ftrike on the furface. 


2. To overthrow} to deftroy j to root up. 


3. To blot out by rafure ; to erafe. MUt. 
■RASfl. a. [rajch, Dutch ] Hafty j violent ; 

precipitate. jijcbam. 

Rash./, [rfl/c/^, Italian.] 

1. Sattin. Minjheiv. 

2, An cfBorefcence on the body j a break- 
ing out. 

RA'SHER. /. A thin fiice of bacon. Shahf, 

RA'SHLY. ad. [from ra/Z^.] Haftily ; vi- 
olently ; without due conlideration. Smith, 

RA'SHNESS. /. [fromrtf/'.] Fool i/h con- 
tempt of danger. Dryden, 

RASP. /. \jafpOy Italian.] A delicious ber- 


RATE. /. 

T. l^rice fixed on any thing. L'ch, Drytten, 
a. Allowance fettled. /IddijoTt, 

3. Degree j comparative height or valour. 
Shakffpeare. C-'latny. 
4 Quantity aflignable. Shake [pear C' 

5. That which fets value. Atterbury, 

6. Manner of doing any thing j degree to 
which any thing is done. Clarendon^ 

7. Tax impofed by the parifh. Pricr, 
To RATE. v. a. 

I. To value at a certain price. Boyle, 

z. To chide haftily and vehemently. 

RATH./. A hill. Spenfer, 

RATH. ad. Early. Spenfir, 

RATH. a. [)aa?S, Saxon, quickly.] Early ; 
coming before the time, Milton. 

RATHER, ad. 

I. More willingly } with better liking. 

Common Prayer, 
a. Preferably to the other 5 with better 
reafon, LocHe* 

3. In a greater degree than otherwife. 


4. More properly. Shake/pear e, 

5. Especially. Shakejpeare, 

6. To have Kathzr, To defire in pre- 
ference. Roger!, 

RATIFICATION. /. [from ratify.} The 

aft of ratifying ; confirmation. 

ry that grovvs on a fpecies of the bramble j RA'TIFIER. J. [from ratify,'] The perfon 

a rafpberry. Pbilipt. or thing that ratifies. Shakejpeare, 

To RASP. V. a. {rafpen, Dutch,] To rub To RA'TIFY, v. a. [ratumfacioy Latin.] 

to powder with a very rough file. Moxon, To confirm ; to fettle. Dryden, 

RASP. /. A large rough file, commonly RA'TIO. f. [Lnin.'] Proportion, Cheyne, 

ufed to wear away wood. Moxon, 

RA'SPATORY. /. [rafpatoir, French.] A 
chirurgeon's rafp. fVifeman, 

RA'SPBERRY, or Rajherry. /. A kind of 
berry. Mortimer. 

RASPBERRY- BUSH. / A f^jecies of bram- 

It ASSURE. /. Irajura, Latin.] 
t. The aft of fcraping or fhaving. 
4. A mark in a writing where fomethirjg 
has been rubbed out. -^yliff^- 

RAT./. [ratte, Dutch ; rat, French ; ratta, 

Spanifh.] An animal of the moufe kind 

that infefts houfes and ilups, Broivn. 


Tb fmell ^ RAT, To be put on the watch 
by fufpicion. Hudibrat, 

RATABLE, a. [from rate.'] Set at a cer- 
tain value. Ca"dn. 

RA'TABLY. ad. Proportionably. Ralagb. 

KATA'FIA. /. A fine liquor, prepared from 
the kernels of apricots and fpirits, Bailey, 

ItATA'N. /. An Indian cane. Dia. 

RATCH. ? /. In clock-work, a fort of 

RASH. 5 wheel, which ferves to lift up 
the detents every iiour, and thereby make 
the clock ftriks, J^aihy. 

To RATIO CINATE. v. n, [ ratiocinor, 
Lat.] To reafon ; to argue. 

RATIOCINA'TION. /. [ratiocinatio, Lat,] 
The aft of reafoning j the aft of deducing 
confcquences from premifes. Broivn, 

RATIO'CINATIVE. a. [from ratiocinate.] 
Argumentative j advancing by procefs of 
difcourfe. Hak, 

RA'TIONAL. a. [ratien^alii, Latin.] 
I. Having the power of reafoning. 
a. Agreeable to reafon. Glanvilte, 

3. Wife ; judicious : as, a rational man. 

RATIONALIST. /. [from rational.] One 
who proceeds in his difquifitions and prac- 
tice wholly upon reafon. Bacon, 

RATIONALITY. /. [from rational] 
I, The power of reafoning. 

Government of the Tongue, 
7,. Reafonablenefs. Brown, 

RA'TIONALLY. ad. [itom rational] Rea- 
fonably ; with reafon. South, 

RATIO'NALNESS. /. [ from rational. ] 
The ftate of being rational. 

RATSBANE. /. [rat and bane.] Poifon 
for rats ; arfenick. Sbakefpeare, 

RATTEEN. /. A kind of fluff. Swift, 

To RATTLE, v. n, Uatclen, Dutch.] 

I. T« 

R A V 


X. To make a quick (harp noife with fre- 
quent repetitions and collifions, llayvjard, 

2. To fpeak ea;^eriy and noifiiy. SiLi/r. 
To RATTLE. 1/. a. 

l« To move any thing Co as fo make a 
rattle or nojfe, Dryden. 

a. To ftun with a noife } to drive with a 
n.ife. Sbakejpeare. 

3. To fcold J to rail at with clamour. 

RATTLE. /. [from the verb] 

1. A quick noife nimbly repeated. Prior. 

2. Empty and Joud talk. Hakeivilt. 

3. An inftrument, which agitated makes 
a clattering noife. RaUi-gb, 

4. A plant. 


To prey with rapacity, 

RAVENOUS, a. [from ra-ven.] Furioudy 

voracious ; hungry to rage. Shakffptare. 

RA VENOUSLY. ad. [ from ra-vtnou:. J 

With fdgmg voracity, 
RAVENOUSNESS. /. [fxomrav:mus. :\ 
R .ge for prey ; furious voracity. Hale, 
RAUGHT. the ojd prct. and p^rt. pafl", of 


RA'VIN. /. 

1. Prey J food gotten by violence. 


2. Rapine J rapscioufnef?. Ray, 
RA'VINGLY. ad. [fromrat/e.] With fren- 
zy ; with diftraclion. Sidney' 

RA'TTLEHEADED. ff. [rattle ^nA bead "[ To RAVISH, v. a, [r^i/jV, Fr.] 

Giddy J not fteady 

RA'TTLESxVAKE. /. A kind of ferpcnt. 


RATTLESNAKE Root. f. A plant, a na- 
tive of Virginia J the Indians ufe it as a 
certain remedy againft the bite of a rattle- 
fnake. Hill, 

RA'TTOON. /. A Weft Indian fox. 


To RA'VAGE. v. a, [ravager, Fr.] To 
lay wafte } to fack ; to ranfack j to fpoil } 
to pillage ; to plunder. j^ddijon. 

RA'VAGE. /. [railage, Fr.] Spoil j ruin j 
wafte. Dryden, 

1. To conftuprate by fori.e. Sbakefpearem 

2. To takeaway by violence. Sbakejpeare, 

3. Tu delight J to rapture j to tranfport. 

RA'VISHER. /. [ravijtur, Fr.] 

I. He that embraces a woman by vio« 
lence. Taylor, 

2« One who takes any thing by violence. 

RAVI'SHMENT. /. [raviffemtnt, Fr. from 
ravi/h. ] 

I. Violation ; 
a. Tranfport 
violence on the mind 

forcible conftupratiorj. 
pture J ccflafy ; pjeafing 

RA'VAGER. /. [from ravage.'^ Plunderer; RAW. a. [hji??p, Sax. rowzu, Dut 

fpoiler. Sivift. 

RAU'CITY. /. [raucm^ Lat.] Hoarfenefs ; 

loud rough noife. Bacon. 

To RAVE. v.t:. [reven, Dutch j rtver^ 


I. To be delirious j to talk irratijonally, 
Gcvernmert cf the Tongue. 

2« To burfl out into furious exclamations 

as if mad. Sandys. 

3. To be unreafonably fond. Lecke. 

To RA'VEL. 1/. a. [ra've.'en, Dot.] 

1. Not fubdued by the fire. 

2. Not cover.ed with the ikin. 

3. Sore. 




4. Immature ; unripe. 

5. Unfeafoned j unnpe in fkill. Raleigb, 

6. New. Sbaiefpeare. 

7. Bleak J chill. Spenfer. 

8. Not conceded. Bacon, 
RA'WBONED. a. [raw zri^ bone.] Hiving 

booes fcarcely covered with fle/h. 


I. To entangle J to entwift one with ano- RA'WHEAD. /. [ raw and bead. ] The 

ther ; to make intricate - -- - — ' '- . .- „ _ . 


to involve j to 

2. To uiiweave j to unknit : as, to ravel 
cut a tiviji. Stakefpeare, 

3. To hurry over in confufion. Dighy. 
To RA'VEL. -u. n. 

1, To fall into perplexity or confufion. 


2. To work in perplexity ; to bufy him- 

name of a fpedre. P'vden, 

RA'WLY. ad. [from raw.] 

1. In a raw manner. 

2. Un/kilfully. 

3. Newly. Shikefpeare, 
RA'WNESS. /. [from raw.] 

1. State of being raw. Bacon, 

2. Un/kilfulnefs. Hakewill, 

3. Hi(ty manner. Sbjkefpeare, 

fclf with intricacies. Decay of Piety. RAY. /. [raie, Fr. radius, Lat. J 

RAVELIN, j. [French.] In forufi cation, 
a work that confifts of two faces, that 
make a falient angle, commonly called 
half moon by the foldiers. 

RA'VEN. /. [.hjiaepn, SzxJnJ A large 
black fowl. Boyle. 

To RA'VEN. nj. a. [jisplan, Sax. to rob.] 
To devour with great cagerncfs and rapa- 
city. Sbakefpiartt 

A beam of light. Milton, Neivton, 

2. Any iuftre corporeal or intelleftual. 


3. [/2j)'f, Fr. rj/a, Lat.] A fifh. 


4. An herb. 
To RAY. 'V. a. [rayer^ Fr.] 

to mark in long lines* 


To ftreak ; 



R E A 

RAY. for array, 

RAZE. /. [rayz, a root, Spanift.] A root 
of ginger. Sbakefpeare, 

To RAZE. V, a. [rafus, Lat.] 

1. To overthrow J to ruin j to fubvert. 


2. To efface. MHion, 

3. To extirpate. Shake fpeare. 
RA'ZOR. /. [rafor, Lat.] A knife with 

a thick blade and fine edge ufed in ftjav- 
ing- Dryden, 

RA'ZOURABLE. a, [from raxor.^ Fit to 
be fiiaved. Sbakefpeare, 

RA'ZORFISH. /. A fi/h. Careiv, 

RA'ZUilE. j. [r^fure, Fr.] Aft of eraf. 
- ing. Sbakefpeare. 

RE. Is an infeparable particle ufed by the 
Latins, and from therri borrowefl by us to 
clenote iterati. n or backward action : as, 
return^ to come back j refiercuffion^ the 
a£l of driving back, 

REA'CCESS. /. [re and accefs,-] Vifit re- 
newer, Hakeivill. 

To REACH. V. a. [fiscan, Saxon.] 

I. To touch with the hand extended. 

a. To arrive at j to attain any thing dif- 
tant. Milton. 

3. To fetch from feme place diftant, and 
give. 2 Efdras. 

4. To bring forward f;6m a diftant place. 


5. To hold out 5 to /Iretch forth. Hooker, 
6 To attain ; to gain j to obtain. Cheyne, 
7. To transfer. Reive. 
3. To penetrate to. > Locke. 
9. To be adequate to, Locke. 
fO. To exterid to, Addifon, 

II. To extend j to fpread abroad. Milton, 
To REACH, -v. n. 

I. To be extendci^. Boyle. 

a. To be extended far, Sbakefpeare. 

3. To penetrate. Addifoii, 

4 To make efforts to attain. Locke. 

5. To take in the hand. Mtlton, 

REACH. /. [from the verb.] 

I. Aft of reaching or bringing by extenfi- 
on of the hand. 

a. Power of reaching or taking in the 
hand. Locke. 

3. Power cf attainment or management. 


4. Power ; jimit of faculties. JIddijon, 

5. Contrivance } artful fcheme 5 deep 
thought. Hayioard. 

6. A fetch ; an artifice to attain fome dif- 
tant advantage. Bacon, 

7. Tendency to diflant confequences. 


8. Extent. Miltor., 
To REACT, -v. a. [ re and aB. ] To re- 
turn the impujfe or impreirjon. 


R E A 

REA'CTION. f. \rtan\on, Fr.] The rec 
procation of any impulfe or force imprefl* 
cd, made by the body on which fuch im- 
preiTion is made: adion and reafiton nc 

READ. /. [ji£E*o, Sax.] 

I. Counfel. Sternhold, 

1. Saying j faw. Sperfer. 

To READ, V. a. pret. read, part. palT. 
read. []Tff't>, Sax.] 

1. To perufe any thing written. 

Sbakefpeare. Pope, 

2, To difcover by charaftcrs or marks. 


3, To learn by obfcrvation. Sbakefpeare, 

4. To know fully. Shakejpsare, 
To READ. •v.n. 

1. To perform the aft of perufing writ- 
ing. Deuteronomy, 

2. To be ftudious in books, Taylor. 

3. To know by reading. Sivift* 
READ, particip. a. Skilful by reading. 

REA'DINC. /. [from read.] 

1. Study in books J perufal of bookr, 


2. A If ft u re 5 a preleftion, 

3. Publick recital. Ihoker, 

4. Variation of copies. Arhutbnot, 
READE'PTION. /. [re and adeptut, Lat.] 

Recovery j eft of regaining. Bacon, 

REA'DER. /. [from read^^ 

1. One that perufes a-ay thing written. 

Ben, Jchnfon, 

2. One fludious in books. Dryden. 

3. One whofe office is to read prayers in 
churches. Sivift, 

REA'DERSHIP. /. [ iiorcKTcader. ] The 
office cf reading prayers. Sivift. 

REA'DILY. ad. [from ready. '\ Expeditefy ; 
with iittlff hinderance or delay. South, 

REA'DINESS. /. [from ready.] 

1. Expeditenels ; promptitude. South, 

2. The flate-of being ready or fit for any 
thing. Clarendon. 

3. Facility ; freedom from hinderance or 
obftruftion. Holder, 

4. Stale of b'jjng willing or prepared, 


READMI'SSION. /. [ re and admiffm. ] 
The aft of admitting again. Arbuthnot, 

To REA'DMIT. v. a. [re and admit.] To 
let in again. Milton, 

To READO'RN. -v. a. [re and ador^.] To 
decorate again j to deck a-new. Biackmore. 

REA'DY. a. [redo, Swedifh j h;ia*&e, nim- 
ble, Saxon.] 

1. Prompt J not delayed. Tewpfe, 

2. Fit for a purpofe j not to feek. 


3. P/epared; accommodated to any de- 
fign. Milt or ^ 

4. Willing j eager, Spenfer, 

5. Being 

R E A 

5. Being at the point j not dii?ant ; near. 


6. Being at hand j next to hand. 


7. Facil J eafy j opportune j near. 


8. Qn^ick J not done with hefitation. 


9. Exjfdite ; nimble ; not embarrafTed j 
not flow. Wdtti, 

10. To wdit? Ready. To make preca- 
rationy. Mark. 

REA'DY. ad. Readily ; fo as not to need 
delay. Numh:ri. 

REA'DY, /. Ready money. A low word. 

REAFFI'RMANCE. /. [rrand ojfi'mance.] 
Second confirmation. Ayhffc, 

RE'AL. a. \jee;^ Fr. r^fl/Vi, Latin.] 

1. Relating to things not pcifons ; not 
perlonal. Bacon, 

2. Not fi£^itious J not imaginary ; true j 
genu in.;, Glan'vtlle. 

3. I 'aw, confiflJng of things immove- 
able, as hnd. Child. 

RE'ALGAR. /. A m-nrra). Bacon, 
REA Ll I Y. / [rtahe,, Fr.] 

1. rruiii 5 vcntyj what is, not what 
merely fKcms. Addison, 

2. Sottieihing intrinfically important. 

To RE'ALIZE. -a. a. [realifer, Fr.] 

1. To brmj in;o beihg or a€i. 


2. To conv» t money into land. 
RE'ALLY. .-/ [from r^"/.] 

1. With aiiual exiftence. S.utb, 

2. la truth i truly j nat feemimgly. 


3. It is a flight corroboration of an rpi- 
nion. IToung, 

REALM, f. [roiaulme, Fr.] 

1. A !c ..gdom J a Icing's dom'nion. 


2. Kuigiy goverpTT.ePit. Pufe, 
RE.VLTY. /. L' ,ilty. 

REAfvT. /. [rame, Fr. riem, Dutch.] A 
bundle cf paper containing twenty quirft. 

To REA'NIMATE. v. a. [re and, 
Lat.] To revive J lo rcflorc to life; 

To REANN^'X. «. a. [re and ar.nex.] To 
annex again. Bacon, 

To REAP. 'V. a. [ji.'pan, Saxon.] 

1. To cut cor;, at harveft. ii^kefpeare, 

2. To gather J 10 obtain. Hooker. 
To REAP. V. n. To harveft. Pfa!m:, 
REA'FER. /. ( from reap.] One that cuts 

corn at harveft. Sjr:d. 

REA'PINGHOOK. /. [reaping zn6 l^ook.] 

A hook uftd to cut corn in harveft. D/-v(it?«, 
REAR. /. larriere, Fr.] 


T. The hinder troop of an army, or the 
hinder line of a fleer. AW/ci 

2. The laft dafs. ?cacbam\ 

REAR. a. [hpepe, Saxon.] 

1. Raw J half roafted j half fodden. 

2. Early. A provincial word. Gay, 
To REAR. 'u. a. [ajiaepin, Saxon.] 

1. To raife up. I Efdras, 
a. To lift up from a fall, iip^nfer, 

3. To move upwards. Muton, 

4. T) bring up to maturity. B icon, 

5. To educate } to inftruft^ Soutbem, 

6. Toexjlcj toclevue. Pnor, 

7. To -oufe J to ftir up. Dryden, 
REA'RWARD /. [from rear.} ^ 

J. The laft troop. Sidney, 

2. The end J the tail j a train behind. 


3. The latter part. Sb^kelpean, 
REA'RMOUSE. /. [hpfji-mup, Sax.J The 

leather-wnged bat. Ahbot, 

To REASCE'ND. -v. v, [ re and afcend. 1 

To climb again. , Sterfer, 

To REASCE'N'D. v. a. To mount againl 

REA'SON. /. [raifon, Fr.] ^ 

X. 'i'he power by which man deduces on- 
propofition from another, or proceeds from 
premifes to coafcquences. Milton, 

z. Caufe ; ground or principle. Tillotfon, 
{. Caufe efficient. Hale, 

4. Final caufe. Locke\ 

5. Argument J ground of perfuafion j mo- 
tiv6. _ _ Tillotjon. 

6. Ratiocination J difcurfive power. 


7. Clearnefs of faculties. Sbakffpeare, 

8. Right j jufiice. Spenjer. 

9. Realuodbie claim j juft praflitc. 


10. Rarionale ; juft account. Boyle, 

11. Moderation J moderate demands. 

_ AidiC<m, 

To REa'SON. v. n. [raifonner, Fr.J 

1. To argue rationally j to deduce confe- 
qucnces juftly from premifes. Locke, 

2. To debate j to difcou/fe j to taik ; to 
take or give an accoi.nt. Sbakejpearg, 

3. To raiic difquifuions J to make enqui- 

''«=•• MiliOK, 

To REA'SON. V. a. To examine ratio- 
na'l^- Burnet, 

REA'SONABLE. a. [raifon, Fr.] 

1. Having the faculty of reafon j endued 
with reafon. Sidney, 

2. Acting, fpeaking or thinking ratio- 
nal Jy. Hayivard, 

3. Juftj rational J agreeable to reafon, 


4. Not immoderate. Sbakefpeare, 

5. Tolerable j being in mediocrity.'' 

Sidney, Abbot, 


R E B 

RtA'SONABLENESS. /. [ from reafona^ 

I, The faculty of reafon. 
a. Agreeablenefs to reafon. Clarendon, 
g. Moderation. 

REA'SONABLY. ad. [Uom njjonable.'] 
I. Agreeably to reafon. Dryden. 

a. Moderately; in a degree reaching to 
mediocrity. Bacon, 

REA'SONER. /. [raifonneur, Fr.] One who 
reafons j an argucr. B'.ackmore. 

REA'SONING. /. [ from reafon, ] Argu- 
ment. Addtfon, 

REA'SONLESS. a, [from reafon.] Void 
of reafon, Shakefpeare, 

To REASSE'MBLE. v. a. [«and ajfemble.] 
To colka anew, Milton, 

To REASSE'RT. v. a. [re and ajfert.] To 
affert anew. Atterbury, 

To REASSU'ME. i/. a. \reaJfumo, Latin.] 
To refume } to take again. Denham. 

To REASSU'RE. v, a. iraffurer, Fr.l To 

free from fear; to reftore from t^rrour, 


REATE. /. A kind of long fmall grafs that 
grows in water, and comphcates itfelf to- 
gether. IValton. 

To REAVE, v. a, pret. reft. [ jiajpiaB, 
Saxon.] To take away by flealth or vio- 
lence. Careiv. 

To REBA'PTIZE. v. a. [rebaptifery Fr. re 
^nA baptii^e.] To baptize again. Aj/liffe, 

REBAPTIZA'TION. /. [rebaptifation, Fr.] 
Renewal of baptifm. Hooker. 

To REBA' TE. v- «• [rebattre,¥t.'] To blunt ; 
to beat to obtufenefs ; to deprive of keen- 
nefs. Creech. 

RE'BECK. /. [ rebec, Fr., Italian. ] 
A three ftringed fiddle. Milton, 

RE'BEL. /. [rebelle, Fr. rebellh, Lat,] One 
who oppofes lawful authority. 

Sbakefpsare, Fenton. 

To REBE'L. V. « . [rebello, Lat.] To rife in 
oppofition againft lawful authority. Shakef. 

REBE'LLER. /. [from rebel.] One that re- 

REBE'LLION. /. [rebellion, French ; rebel- 
Jio, Litin ; from rebel.] Infurrcftion a- 
gainft lawful authority. Miltcn. 

REBE'LLIOUS. a. [from rebel] Opponent 
to lawful authority, Deut. ix. 7. 

REBE'LLIOUSLY. ad. [from rebellious.] 
In oppofition to lawful authority. Camden, 

REBE'LLIOUSNESS. /. [from rebellious.] 
The quality of being rebellious. 

To REBE'LLOW. v. n. [re and belloiv.] 

1 To bellow in return ; to echo back a loud 
noife. Dryden. 

REBOA'TION. /. [reboo, Latin.] The re- 
turn of a loud bellowing found. 

To REBOU'ND. v. n, [rebondir, French; re 
and hound.] To fpring back ; to be rever- 
b^ated ; to fly back, in confe«juence of 

R E C 

motion impreffed and refifled by a greater 
}Ower. Neivton. 

To REBOU'ND. -v, a. To reverberate j to 
beat back. Prior, 

REBOU'ND. /. [from the verb.] The aft 
of flying back in confequence of motion re- 
fifted ; refilition. Dryden, 

REBU'FF. /. [rebuffade, French 5 rebufo, 
Italian.] Repercu,lfion ; quick and fudden 
refiftance. Milton, 

To REBUFF, v. a. [from the noun.] To 
b?at back; to oppofe with fudden vio- 

To REBUI'LD, v. a. [re and build.] To 
reedify ; to reflore from demolition ; to 

REBU'KABLE. a, [homreiuke.] Worthy 
of reprehenfion. Sbakefptare. 

To REBU'KE. V. a. [reboucber, French. J 
To chide; to reprehend j to leprefs by 
objurgation. Heb.xVui^, 

REBU'KE. /. [from the verb,] 

1. Reprehenfion; chiding expreflion ; ob- 
-jurgation. Pope. 

2, In low langviage, it fignifies any kiiid 
of check. U Eflrange. 

REBU'KER. /. [itova rebuke.] A chider ; 
a repiehender. Hofea v, 

RE'BUS. /. [rf^«i, Latin.] Awordrepre- 
fentedby a pidture. Peacham. 

To REBU'T. 1/. ». [rehutery Fr.] To re- 
tire back. Spenjer, 

REBUTTER. /. An anfwer to a rejoinder. 

ToRECA'LL. v. a. [re znA call.] To call 
back ; to call again ; to revoke. Hooker, 

RECA'LL. /. [from the verb.] Revoca- 
tion j aft or power of calling back. 


To RECA'NT. v. a. [recanto, Latin.] To 
retraft j to recall ; to contradift what one 
has once faid or done. Sivift, 

RECANTA'TION. /. [from recant.] Re- 
traftation ; declaration contradiftcry to a 
former declaration. Stilling flea, 

RECA'NTER. /. [from recant,] One who 
recants. Sbokefpeare, 

To RECAPI'TULATE. v. a. [recapttuler, 
Fr.] To repeal again diftinftly ; to de- 
tail again. More, 

RECAPITULA'TION. /. [from recapitu. 
late.] Detail repeated ; diftinft repeti- 
tion of the principal points. Souths 

RECAPI'TULATORY. a. [from recapitu- 
late.] Repeating again. 

To RECA'RRY. 1/. a. [re and carry.] To 
carry back. IVahon, 

ToRECE'DE. 1/. «. [rer^^o, Latin.] 

1. To fall back ; to retreat. Bentley, 

2. Todefift. C/arendop. 
RECEI'PT. /. [receptum, Lat.] 

1. The aft of receiving. Wifemap, 

2, The place of leceiving. Mattheiv, 

3« A 

R E C 

^. A note given, by which meney Is ac- 
knowledged to have been receirved. 

4. Reception ; admifTion. Hooker » 

5. Reception ; welcome. Sidney. 

6. Prefcription of ingredients for any com- 
pofition. Sbakel^peare, 

RECEI'VABLE. a. [from rfc^/ir. J Capa- 
ble nf being received. 
To RECEI'VE. v, d. \^reccvoir, Fr. rcclpio, 
X. To take or obtain any thinj^ as due. 

a. To take or obtain from another. 


3. To take any thing communicated. 


4. To embrace intclledlually. Locke. 

5. To allow. Hooker. 

6. To admit. Pfa!ms. IVotts, 

7. To take as into a vefle). ^Ss, 

8. To take into a place or ftate. Mark, 

9. To conceive in the mind j to take in- 
telledually. Sbakelpeore. 

10. To entertsin as a gucft. Mi/tor, 
RECEI'VEDNESS./. [fTom received.] Ge- 
neral allowance. £oyle, 

RECEI VER. /. [receveur, Fr. ] 

1. One to whom any thing is communt- 
cated by another. Donne. 

2. One to whom any thing is given or 
paid. Spratt. 

3. One who partakes of the blefled facra- 
. ment. Taylor, 

4. One who cooperates with a robber, by 
taking the goods which he Aeals. 


5. The veflel into which fplrits are emitt- 
ed from the ftill, Blackmcre. 

6. The veflTci of the air pump, out of 
which the air is drawn, and which there- 
fore receives any body on which experi- 
ments are tried. BentUy. 

To RECE'LEBRATE. i'. a. [re and cele- 
brate.'] To' celebrate anew. B.JobrJin. 

RE'CENCY. /. [rccens, Lat.] Newnefs ; 
new ftate. Wijeman, 

REC'.E'NSION. /. \_rectrfio, Lat. J Enu- 
meration J review, Evelyn, 

RECENT, a, [mens, Lat,] 

1. New J not of long cxiftence. 


2. L^te J not antique. Bacon, 

3. Frefti ; not long oifmined from. Pof:e. 
RE'CENTLY. ad. lirom recent.] NewJy ; 

freftly. u^rbutknot, 

RECE'NTNESS. /. [from ricent] New- 

nrfs ; frefhuef's. Hale. 

RECE'PTACLE. /. [rec^ptaculurr.^ Latin.] 

A vefTel or place into which any thing is 

received. Spenfer, 

RECEPTJBI'LITY. /. [ receptus, Latin. ] 

Poflibiiity of receiving, GJaiville, 

R E C 

RE'CEPTARY. /. [rcccptus, Lat.] Thing